The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AW-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Procedures to determine refugee status did not include provisions for standards of treatment for specific populations of asylum seekers, including those with special needs, survivors of gender-based violence and torture, the elderly, and persons with disabilities” (28, 29).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Migrants and refugees lived in often inadequate or substandard shelters for extended periods and were vulnerable to forced labor and other abuses; unaccompanied minors were particularly at risk” (1). “The constitution provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights. The government cooperated with UNHCR and other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and other persons of concern” (9). “Representatives of UNHCR, the International Organization for Migration, and other humanitarian organizations condemned alleged abuse of minors who were seeking asylum, prolonged periods of their detention, and their inadequate access to cultural mediators and lawyers. ...more
Nov. 17, 2016, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The number of requests for asylum in the country based on FGM risk rose from 554 in 2013 to 701 in 2014. Parents often filed requests on behalf of their children. When asylum was granted (in 65 percent of cases in 2014), authorities followed up to ensure that FGM did not take place by having a parent sign a declaration and by requesting a medical certificate each year. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted for FGM" (10).
May 23, 2016, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about the absence of measures to preserve the procedural rights of women in the context of refugee status determination procedures, including access to individual interviews and female interviewers and interpreters. It is also concerned about the compulsory and very narrow time frame established by Executive Decree No. 1182 for applying for refugee status and its consequences for women, in particular the lack of access to basic social services and health care for those in an irregular situation and the risk of sexual exploitation and trafficking" (13)
April 21, 2016, 6:48 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee also commends the financial assistance provided to countries of origin as well as non-governmental organizations based in these countries for victims of trafficking outreach, identification and rehabilitation, trafficking prevention and law enforcement anti-trafficking projects. It welcomes the amendment of the Aliens Act on 1 August 2007 which, among other things, provides for an extended reflection period of up to 100 days during which victims of trafficking may stay in Denmark and are offered legal, medical and psychological assistance if they agree to be repatriated and cooperate in investigations. TheCommittee regrets, however, that the emphasis in the State party is laid on the victims’ prompt repatriation to their country ...more
March 1, 2016, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"However, despite the fact that sexual violence in conflict, FGM and forced marriage are common reasons for women and girls to claim asylum in the UK" (20). "We remain concerned that the asylum process is not gender sensitive and lacks gender guidelines. For example, in Scotland, referrals and pathways of care for women asylum seekers who have experienced torture and/or sexual violence are not integrated, resulting in a lack of coherence and coordination between the different aspects" (22). "Particular barriers to accessing justice and support exist for women who present wishing to make an in-country claim for asylum in Scotland. Unless these women are identified as victims of trafficking, have ...more
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee also regrets the lack of data on trafficking of women and girls in the State party, the insufficient information provided on the prosecution and punishment of traffickers and the absence of a comprehensive strategy addressing prevention, protection, assistance and legal support for victims of trafficking, including refugee women, asylum-seeking women and girls exploited in forced labour as 'vidomegons', who are particularly vulnerable to trafficking" (6)
Feb. 4, 2016, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"In particular, a series of team building activities have been organized for screening, identification of asylum- seekers among irregular migrants and providing facilitation to those who wish to voluntarily return to their country of origin" (22)
Jan. 22, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"'We also received allegations of women being subjected to an ‘expedited removal process’ resulting in the denial of many legitimate asylum claims,' they [UN experts] added"(para 15)
Jan. 21, 2016, 9:23 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Several groups of activists are developing women’s professional skills, teaching them computing, first aid, English, and how to make handicrafts and clothes. In one area near Idlib, they formed an institute that’s trained over 300 people. Another group in a refugee area of Turkey established a cheap hostel for single Syrian women, to reduce the risk that they may turn to prostitution, forced marriage, or other exploitative activities in order to survive” (para 16). At this time the current ruling body in this area of Syria is the Islamic State. Women in this area are subject to sharia law as implemented by Da’esh rather than Syrian national law (SL – ...more
Nov. 14, 2015, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the creation of a new Asylum Service Department independent from the police and the establishment of the First Reception Service responsible for screening procedures, the Committee is concerned at the difficult situation faced by women in prison, particularly with regard to severe overcrowding of cells, non-separation of pretrial and convicted detainees, as well as administrative detainees together with criminal detainees, detention of irregular migrants and refugee and asylum seekers and women’s limited access to adequate health facilities and services, free legal aid, as well at the lack of effective judicial review and prolonged arbitrary detention" (9)
Sept. 28, 2015, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that no temporary residence permits are granted to victims of trafficking who, after a 45-day reflection period, do not report having been victims of human trafficking and refuse or are unable to cooperate with prosecution authorities. It also notes with concern the absence of comprehensive information and data on trafficking in women and girls, the reportedly low number of prosecutions and convictions of traffickers, and reports of insufficient funding for combating trafficking in women and girls and for assisting victims" (6)
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"It was also reported that a German national married a Namibian and took her to Austria, where, upon arrival, he forced her into prostitution. This case was referred to as a case of trafficking by two governmental respondents. The victim has returned to Namibia. A prostituted woman from Katutura described how she was given travel documents and money to go to Cape Town for a conference, but was forced into a brothel when she arrived in Cape Town. When she became sick, she was thrown out onto the street by the brothel owner. She sought assistance and was able to return to Namibia" (30-31)
May 29, 2015, 7:24 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"While appreciating the continuous efforts by the State party to host refugees and asylum-seekers from neighbouring countries, The [CEDAW] Committee notes with concern that refugees and asylum-seekers who are unable to obtain legal residency have no access to formal employment opportunities or to basic social services" (11)
Jan. 3, 2015, 10:12 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"In general, women’s asylum claims are usually complex and often based on more than one ground under the 1951 Refugee Convention. This is same with the female asylum seekers from Sri Lanka. However the “Gender-blind” approach followed by the UK Home Office simply leads to the refusal of claims that does not fall into the 5 grounds of 1951 Refugee convention. In overall, three quarters of women are refused asylum at initial decision stage in the UK" (10). "A Home Office survey in 2001 indicated that women asylum seekers were more successful than men (13 percent and 9 percent respectively). However the obstacles women face when seeking asylum are greater ...more
Dec. 24, 2014, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"Historically in the United States, woman abuse has not been validated in claiming refugee status. In August, American immigration advocates seized the chance to celebrate when the Board of Immigration Appeals ruled that “married women in Guatemala who are unable to leave their relationships” constitute a unique social group who may apply for asylum" (para. 22)
Dec. 24, 2014, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"Although gender-based violence is universally recognized, the 1951 Geneva Convention does not endorse it as grounds for asylum. However, Canada’s gender guidelines for refugee claims, released in 1993, were groundbreaking in recognizing both the persecution of women and the need to protect them" (para. 21)
Oct. 13, 2014, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Asylum-seekers lacked adequate access to status determination procedures” (156)
Feb. 20, 2014, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Elizabeth from Churo village was barred from attending school by her parents who planned to subject her to FGM and marry her off. She walked for three days before arriving at a rescue center for girls. Her father came to the center and tried to force her back home, but when the center’s management threatened him with police action, he left and did not return" (para 6). "Cana Rescue Home, which aided both Alsine and Elizabeth, is one of the few rescue centers in the region. Unfortunately it does not have the capacity or resources to house and educate all the girls who are seeking refuge, nor the ability to ...more
Nov. 1, 2013, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"As part of the British Government’s efforts to ensure that women asylum seekers are not discriminated against when they make asylum claims, each United Kingdom Border Agency (UKBA) regional office has individual arrangements in place to enable women asylum seekers with dependent children and no alternative childcare arrangements to attend asylum interviews without having to bring their children with them. This is also for the protection of the children, to ensure that they do not have to listen to distressing information about the ill-treatment of a parent. Arrangements can include rescheduling asylum interview dates to accommodate childcare arrangements, or the provision of childcare provision at or near the UKBA premises, ...more
May 23, 2013, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, United Kingdom
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"As a consequence, women at risk of FGM can receive subsidiary protection, temporary protection, or protection on humanitarian grounds in Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Slovenia and Spain. Cyprus, Greece, the Netherlands, and the UK refer to Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights in this regard, which provides that ‘no one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment’" (47)
May 23, 2013, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"Belgium, Bulgaria, Estonia, Italy, Portugal, and Slovakia have included gender-based persecution in their asylum legislation. Gender- or child-specific acts of persecution are also frequently referred to as a ground for protection, namely in Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Slovakia and Sweden. Spain also added gender and sexual orientation to the types of persecution that could be considered grounds for persecution as defined by Article 1 of the Geneva Convention. Finally, some countries (Belgium, Croatia and Greece) use the term ‘vulnerable groups’ in their legislation, which may include victims or potential victims of FGM. This does not refer to the criteria qualifying for asylum, but to the ...more
May 23, 2013, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"Only Hungary specifically mentions FGM in its explanation of the general asylum law provision (Article 60 (2) b) within the Act 80 of 2007 (Asylum Act). In this explanation, a list is provided of possible forms of gender-based persecution, including FGM" (46)
Feb. 28, 2013, 12:26 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The country’s laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. However, the process for making asylum status determinations remained problematic and nontransparent. The government processed asylum applications through the National Refugee Status Determination Commission and granted applicants documents to regularize their stay and to prevent deportation" (Section 2).
Feb. 17, 2013, 12:40 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The government generally cooperated with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to some but not all IDPs, refugees, returning refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and other persons of concern" (Section 2).
Feb. 15, 2013, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The government generally cooperated with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to IDPs, refugees, returning refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and other persons of concern, although effective systems to assist these individuals were not fully established by year’s end" (Section 2).
Nov. 26, 2012, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

" During the year the government forced at least 84 asylum seekers to return to where their lives or freedom may have been threatened. The government also forcibly returned some Iraqi refugees, including women whom authorities had arrested on charges of prostitution, depositing them across the border in Iraq" (Section 2).
Nov. 7, 2012, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The country’s laws provide for the granting of temporary asylum, and the government has established a system for providing temporary protection for most asylum seekers; however, there were complaints about the system’s accessibility and reports of discrimination. The UNHCR and NGOs criticized new asylum regulations released on January 2 that require applicants to submit claims within one year of arriving in the country, allow the Ministry of Interior to reject applications without appeal even at the registration stage, and exclude “enemy nationals” from receiving asylum. The regulations fail to establish an independent appeal process" (Section 2). "Sudanese and Eritrean asylum seekers, who constituted approximately 85 percent of all asylum seekers ...more
Oct. 8, 2012, 11:56 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The country’s laws do not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, although the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees on a case-by-case basis" (Section 2).
Oct. 8, 2012, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“They were two young women living alone and in fear in Albania, where they say they were ripe targets for sex traffickers notorious for kidnapping their victims and forcing them into prostitution in other countries. Both fled to the United States, and now appeals courts in Chicago and New York are confronting a vexing question about their fate: Should their claim that all young single women living alone in Albania face persecution qualify them for asylum? So far their answer is no” (para 1-3). “At Thursday's hearing in Chicago, Judge Richard A. Posner asked Cleveland attorney Scott E. Bratton why weak men in prison or people living in dangerous neighborhoods ...more