The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AW-PRACTICE-1

June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the signing of an agreement between the Ministry of Social Affairs and Housing and the Women’s Refuge in December 2014, providing for emergency shelter, and the recruitment of two psychologists providing assistance to women who are victims of violence. The Committee emphasizes the need for shelters in addition to the system put in place through the Exclusion Orders and Ejections Act." (para 21). "The Committee nevertheless remains concerned...That there is only one women’s shelter, in Reykjavik, which is not easily accessible by women living outside the capital and women with disabilities...That the number of services, several of which have been established and are operated by non-governmental organizations,...more
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The law will come into effect in 18 months, during which time the state will form rehabilitation mechanisms for sex workers, to allow them to find alternative livelihoods." (para 4).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The government forcibly returned Syrian refugees and PRS, including women, children, war-injured persons, and persons with disabilities, to Syria" (20).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The number of places in women’s shelters increased over the reporting period. Currently, 26 autonomous and four other women’s shelters offer a total of 766 places. Female asylum seekers are generally taken in in women’s shelters, and cooperations exist with homes for asylum seekers" (17). "The Austrian Asylum Act states that interviews of asylum seekers whose sexual self-determination has been violated must be conducted by a person of the same sex if the applicant does not prefer the opposite. Asylum seekers must be evidently informed about this option. The Act also states that applications by asylum seekers who are likely to be suffering from a pathological psychological stress disorder due...more
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan

"The laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The country has not granted asylum since 2005" (p. 18).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The law forbids the forced return of refugees, their families, or other persons who may be subjected to persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and the government generally respected those rights for refugees. The government provides a prima facie mode of recognition for Ivoirian refugees, meaning Ivoirian refugees arriving in Liberia because of the 2011 postelectoral violence in Cote d’Ivoire do not have to appear before the asylum committee to gain refugee status; the status is granted automatically" (16).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"While the Committee welcomes the fact that gender-related persecution, including that of lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons, is a relevant factor in asylum case decisions in the State party, and that rape, forced sterilization or abortion, female genital mutilation, bride burning and killings in the name of so-called honour may also constitute persecution, the Committee is nonetheless concerned that the tightening of the laws relating to refugees and asylum seekers may have a disproportionately negative impact on women and girls" (14).
March 12, 2019, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"According to the 2017 KINU white paper, a defector reported that a 16-year-old victim of human trafficking in China was forcibly returned in 2014 and subsequently died due to malnourishment during a MSS investigation" (16).
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for the 'freedom to reside in or travel to any place'; however, the government did not respect this right. The government continued to control internal travel carefully. The government did not cooperate with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees or other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, forcibly returned refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, or other persons" (14).
March 6, 2019, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"As of September, 3,019 persons (1,754 men and 1,265 women) had requested refugee status. The government has not granted refugee status to any applicant since the early 1990s" (9).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the limited information about the use of temporary special measures to achieve substantive equality of indigenous women, women of African descent, migrant, refugee and asylum-seeking women, female heads of household and women with disabilities, who face intersecting forms of discrimination" (4). "The Committee notes that male and female asylum seekers are entitled to work in the State party after having been recognized as such. Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (a) Intersecting forms of discrimination against migrant women, in particular those in an irregular situation; (b) The long delays in refugee status determination procedures and the high fees and administrative barriers faced by refugee and asylum-seeking...more
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the information provided by the State party that refugee status was granted in 48 cases on the grounds of gender-based persecution pursuant to Law No. 12/2009 on asylum and subsidiary protection, the Committee is seriously concerned about the practice of expulsion of people crossing the border at Ceuta and at Melilla, including women and girls, with no individual gender-specific evaluation of each case" (11).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico

"The FEVIMTRA provides mechanisms for immediate protection in urgent cases, without process or waiting period, for the custody of women victims of gender-based violence and trafficking. In addition, in 2014, the implementation of protection measures and precautionary steps were incorporated into the CNPP, with obligation for their release and processing by the Public Ministers. These efforts are still insufficient, but in the work plan of the CNPJ the spread of protection measures is being increased" (page 17).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Those who are exploited in prostitution should be given adequate support and assistance, those who risk being prostituted should be given support and assistance, and measures to deter buyers of sexual services should be developed further . . . Women in prostitution should be seen as plaintiffs in selected cases of the purchase of sexual services allowing them to receive compensation or initiate civil suits" (page 6). "The first municipal support and assistance services for victims of prostitution and trafficking in human beings opened during the mid-1970’s in the four largest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö and Norrköping. Today, municipal Prostitution Groups operate in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. These victims support...more
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The country’s laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The process of obtaining refugee status generally took as long as a year, but ONPAR [National Office for Attention to Refugees] considered expediting cases involving vulnerable applicants, such as pregnant women and minors"(10)
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Procedures to determine refugee status did not include provisions for standards of treatment for specific populations of asylum seekers, including those with special needs, survivors of gender-based violence and torture, the elderly, and persons with disabilities” (28, 29).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Migrants and refugees lived in often inadequate or substandard shelters for extended periods and were vulnerable to forced labor and other abuses; unaccompanied minors were particularly at risk” (1). “The constitution provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights. The government cooperated with UNHCR and other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and other persons of concern” (9). “Representatives of UNHCR, the International Organization for Migration, and other humanitarian organizations condemned alleged abuse of minors who were seeking asylum, prolonged periods of their detention, and their inadequate access to cultural mediators and lawyers....more
Nov. 17, 2016, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The number of requests for asylum in the country based on FGM risk rose from 554 in 2013 to 701 in 2014. Parents often filed requests on behalf of their children. When asylum was granted (in 65 percent of cases in 2014), authorities followed up to ensure that FGM did not take place by having a parent sign a declaration and by requesting a medical certificate each year. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted for FGM" (10).
May 23, 2016, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about the absence of measures to preserve the procedural rights of women in the context of refugee status determination procedures, including access to individual interviews and female interviewers and interpreters. It is also concerned about the compulsory and very narrow time frame established by Executive Decree No. 1182 for applying for refugee status and its consequences for women, in particular the lack of access to basic social services and health care for those in an irregular situation and the risk of sexual exploitation and trafficking" (13)
April 21, 2016, 6:48 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee also commends the financial assistance provided to countries of origin as well as non-governmental organizations based in these countries for victims of trafficking outreach, identification and rehabilitation, trafficking prevention and law enforcement anti-trafficking projects. It welcomes the amendment of the Aliens Act on 1 August 2007 which, among other things, provides for an extended reflection period of up to 100 days during which victims of trafficking may stay in Denmark and are offered legal, medical and psychological assistance if they agree to be repatriated and cooperate in investigations. TheCommittee regrets, however, that the emphasis in the State party is laid on the victims’ prompt repatriation to their country...more
March 1, 2016, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"However, despite the fact that sexual violence in conflict, FGM and forced marriage are common reasons for women and girls to claim asylum in the UK" (20). "We remain concerned that the asylum process is not gender sensitive and lacks gender guidelines. For example, in Scotland, referrals and pathways of care for women asylum seekers who have experienced torture and/or sexual violence are not integrated, resulting in a lack of coherence and coordination between the different aspects" (22). "Particular barriers to accessing justice and support exist for women who present wishing to make an in-country claim for asylum in Scotland. Unless these women are identified as victims of trafficking, have...more
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee also regrets the lack of data on trafficking of women and girls in the State party, the insufficient information provided on the prosecution and punishment of traffickers and the absence of a comprehensive strategy addressing prevention, protection, assistance and legal support for victims of trafficking, including refugee women, asylum-seeking women and girls exploited in forced labour as 'vidomegons', who are particularly vulnerable to trafficking" (6)
Feb. 4, 2016, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"In particular, a series of team building activities have been organized for screening, identification of asylum- seekers among irregular migrants and providing facilitation to those who wish to voluntarily return to their country of origin" (22)
Jan. 22, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"'We also received allegations of women being subjected to an ‘expedited removal process’ resulting in the denial of many legitimate asylum claims,' they [UN experts] added"(para 15)
Jan. 21, 2016, 9:23 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Several groups of activists are developing women’s professional skills, teaching them computing, first aid, English, and how to make handicrafts and clothes. In one area near Idlib, they formed an institute that’s trained over 300 people. Another group in a refugee area of Turkey established a cheap hostel for single Syrian women, to reduce the risk that they may turn to prostitution, forced marriage, or other exploitative activities in order to survive” (para 16). At this time the current ruling body in this area of Syria is the Islamic State. Women in this area are subject to sharia law as implemented by Da’esh rather than Syrian national law (SL –...more
Nov. 14, 2015, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the creation of a new Asylum Service Department independent from the police and the establishment of the First Reception Service responsible for screening procedures, the Committee is concerned at the difficult situation faced by women in prison, particularly with regard to severe overcrowding of cells, non-separation of pretrial and convicted detainees, as well as administrative detainees together with criminal detainees, detention of irregular migrants and refugee and asylum seekers and women’s limited access to adequate health facilities and services, free legal aid, as well at the lack of effective judicial review and prolonged arbitrary detention" (9)
Sept. 28, 2015, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Belgium

"The Committee notes with concern that no temporary residence permits are granted to victims of trafficking who, after a 45-day reflection period, do not report having been victims of human trafficking and refuse or are unable to cooperate with prosecution authorities. It also notes with concern the absence of comprehensive information and data on trafficking in women and girls, the reportedly low number of prosecutions and convictions of traffickers, and reports of insufficient funding for combating trafficking in women and girls and for assisting victims" (6)
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"It was also reported that a German national married a Namibian and took her to Austria, where, upon arrival, he forced her into prostitution. This case was referred to as a case of trafficking by two governmental respondents. The victim has returned to Namibia. A prostituted woman from Katutura described how she was given travel documents and money to go to Cape Town for a conference, but was forced into a brothel when she arrived in Cape Town. When she became sick, she was thrown out onto the street by the brothel owner. She sought assistance and was able to return to Namibia" (30-31)
May 29, 2015, 7:24 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"While appreciating the continuous efforts by the State party to host refugees and asylum-seekers from neighbouring countries, The [CEDAW] Committee notes with concern that refugees and asylum-seekers who are unable to obtain legal residency have no access to formal employment opportunities or to basic social services" (11)
Jan. 3, 2015, 10:12 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"In general, women’s asylum claims are usually complex and often based on more than one ground under the 1951 Refugee Convention. This is same with the female asylum seekers from Sri Lanka. However the “Gender-blind” approach followed by the UK Home Office simply leads to the refusal of claims that does not fall into the 5 grounds of 1951 Refugee convention. In overall, three quarters of women are refused asylum at initial decision stage in the UK" (10). "A Home Office survey in 2001 indicated that women asylum seekers were more successful than men (13 percent and 9 percent respectively). However the obstacles women face when seeking asylum are greater...more