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Latest items for AW-PRACTICE-1

March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee also welcomes the recent announcement of a 45-day period of recovery and reflection for victims of trafficking, as well as the granting of temporary one-year visas" (10). "It notes that asylum on the grounds of gender-related persecution, including violence against women, is not frequently granted" (13).
Feb. 13, 2021, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, AW-PRACTICE-1

“O.G.O. v. the United Kingdom (no. 13950/12) (18 February 2014 (strike-out decision)): The applicant, a Nigerian national, who claimed to be a victim of human trafficking, complained that her expulsion to Nigeria would expose her to a real risk of re-trafficking. The Court decided to strike the application out of its list of cases, in accordance with Article 37 (striking out applications) of the Convention, noting that the applicant was no longer at risk of being removed as she had been granted refugee status and an indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom. Moreover, the United Kingdom authorities had accepted that she had been a victim of trafficking” (13)....more
Feb. 13, 2021, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Collins and Akaziebie v. Sweden (8 March 2007 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicants, Nigerian nationals, are mother and daughter. They alleged that they would be subjected to female genital mutilation if they were returned to Nigeria, in violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. The Swedish Migration Board rejected their applications for asylum, refugee status or a residence permit, stating, inter alia, that female genital mutilation was prohibited by law in Nigeria and that this prohibition was observed in at least six Nigerian states. Thus, if the applicants returned to one of those states it would be unlikely that they would be forced...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee welcomes the signature by the State party of a joint communiqué with the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, in the context of the implementation of Security Council resolution 2106 (2013), on 7 December 2018, identifying six priority areas for cooperation, including supporting legal reforms to respond to sexual violence, training and capacity-building of the justice and security sectors, providing assistance to survivors of sexual violence, ensuring that prevention of sexual violence is included in peace agreements and transitional justice and that perpetrators are excluded from amnesty and mitigating conflict-related trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation” (pp. 3).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, AW-PRACTICE-1

“As part of measures to protect women asylum seekers, refugees and immigrants from all forms of violence, the Ministry conducted training activities in partnership with civil society (the Women’s Network) in eastern and northern Angola, where there are Angolan refugees arriving from Zambia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with a view to enhancing their social integration” (pp. 13).
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Izevbekhai v. Ireland (17 May 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicant and her two daughters claimed the girls risk female genital mutilation if the family was returned to Nigeria, in violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. They alleged that the mother’s eldest daughter died aged one from profuse bleeding after female genital mutilation was performed by an ‘elder’. The family left Nigeria for Ireland in the face of pressure from the father’s family to perform female genital mutilation on the two younger girls. Their request for asylum was unsuccessful. The Court declared the application inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. It found in...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“R.D. v. France (no. 34648/14) (16 June 2016): This case concerned the procedure for the applicant’s deportation to Guinea, her country of origin. Married to a Christian, she had endured all sorts of violent reprisals on the part of her Muslim father and brothers. The applicant alleged in particular that enforcement of her deportation to Guinea would expose her to a risk of treatment contrary to Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. The Court held that the applicant’s deportation to Guinea would constitute a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention” (12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Sow v. Belgium (19 January 2016): The applicant complained that she risked being subjected to a further excision procedure in the event of her removal to Guinea, her country of origin, and that no effective remedy had been available to her in respect of her complaint. The Court held that there would be no violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention in the event of the applicant’s removal to her country of origin, finding that she had failed to substantiate a real risk of being subjected to a further excision procedure in the event of her removal to Guinea. The Court also held that...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Omeredo v. Austria (20 September 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicant, born in 1973, fled Nigeria in 2003 to avoid female genital mutilation. Her sister had already died of the consequences and she alleged there was a risk villagers would kill her if she refused and that her mother had told her she must co-operate. Her request for asylum was unsuccessful. The Court declared the case inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. It was not in dispute that subjecting any person, child or adult, to female genital mutilation would amount to ill-treatment contrary to Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. The Court noted, however, that...more
Sept. 13, 2020, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"In August, the UN Committee against Torture criticized the Greek government policy—linked to the EU-Turkey deal—of blocking asylum seekers who arrive on the Aegean islands from moving to the mainland [ . . . ] At time of writing, 37,000 asylum seekers, the majority women and children, were on the islands, including more than 33,400 in camps designed to host a around 6,200" (para 2-4).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"As for women asylum-seekers and refugees, 10 per cent of relevant Protection-System projects target women, including single mothers, victims of torture or trafficking (who are mainly from Nigeria), and pregnant women. Both the SPRAR Guidelines and Manual are available. From the latest SPRAR report-2014, the main nationalities of those landed by sea, with larger presence of women, are from: Egypt (35.6 per cent), Eritrea (26.4 per cent), Somalia (26.3 per cent), and Nigeria (23.9 per cent). According to the National Commission on the Right to Asylum, between August 2013 and September 2014, 5,205 women applied for protection (=8.8 per cent of the applicants for international protection)." (para 91).more
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s Consulting Offices, established in each prefecture, provide consultation for women victimized by spousal violence and women victimized by trafficking in persons, and also provide women who require protection with such support as temporary protection. In addition, Women’s Consulting Offices are promoting the allocation of staff members in charge of psychotherapy for mental health care at Women’s Consulting Offices, training for specialized interpreters to provide support to foreign victims, legal coordination by attorneys, etc., and support for legal affairs when women are seeking assistance." (46). "The number of victims of trafficking in persons who were protected at Women’s Consulting Offices is as follows. Fiscal 2009: 14; Fiscal 2008: 39,;Fiscal 2007:...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"But violence against women, and domestic violence in particular, is a powerful and often overlooked factor in the migration crisis" (para 16).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the signing of an agreement between the Ministry of Social Affairs and Housing and the Women’s Refuge in December 2014, providing for emergency shelter, and the recruitment of two psychologists providing assistance to women who are victims of violence. The Committee emphasizes the need for shelters in addition to the system put in place through the Exclusion Orders and Ejections Act." (para 21). "The Committee nevertheless remains concerned...That there is only one women’s shelter, in Reykjavik, which is not easily accessible by women living outside the capital and women with disabilities...That the number of services, several of which have been established and are operated by non-governmental organizations,...more
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The law will come into effect in 18 months, during which time the state will form rehabilitation mechanisms for sex workers, to allow them to find alternative livelihoods." (para 4).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The government forcibly returned Syrian refugees and PRS, including women, children, war-injured persons, and persons with disabilities, to Syria" (20).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The number of places in women’s shelters increased over the reporting period. Currently, 26 autonomous and four other women’s shelters offer a total of 766 places. Female asylum seekers are generally taken in in women’s shelters, and cooperations exist with homes for asylum seekers" (17). "The Austrian Asylum Act states that interviews of asylum seekers whose sexual self-determination has been violated must be conducted by a person of the same sex if the applicant does not prefer the opposite. Asylum seekers must be evidently informed about this option. The Act also states that applications by asylum seekers who are likely to be suffering from a pathological psychological stress disorder due...more
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The country has not granted asylum since 2005" (p. 18).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The law forbids the forced return of refugees, their families, or other persons who may be subjected to persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and the government generally respected those rights for refugees. The government provides a prima facie mode of recognition for Ivoirian refugees, meaning Ivoirian refugees arriving in Liberia because of the 2011 postelectoral violence in Cote d’Ivoire do not have to appear before the asylum committee to gain refugee status; the status is granted automatically" (16).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"While the Committee welcomes the fact that gender-related persecution, including that of lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons, is a relevant factor in asylum case decisions in the State party, and that rape, forced sterilization or abortion, female genital mutilation, bride burning and killings in the name of so-called honour may also constitute persecution, the Committee is nonetheless concerned that the tightening of the laws relating to refugees and asylum seekers may have a disproportionately negative impact on women and girls" (14).
March 12, 2019, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"According to the 2017 KINU white paper, a defector reported that a 16-year-old victim of human trafficking in China was forcibly returned in 2014 and subsequently died due to malnourishment during a MSS investigation" (16).
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for the 'freedom to reside in or travel to any place'; however, the government did not respect this right. The government continued to control internal travel carefully. The government did not cooperate with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees or other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, forcibly returned refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, or other persons" (14).
March 6, 2019, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"As of September, 3,019 persons (1,754 men and 1,265 women) had requested refugee status. The government has not granted refugee status to any applicant since the early 1990s" (9).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the limited information about the use of temporary special measures to achieve substantive equality of indigenous women, women of African descent, migrant, refugee and asylum-seeking women, female heads of household and women with disabilities, who face intersecting forms of discrimination" (4). "The Committee notes that male and female asylum seekers are entitled to work in the State party after having been recognized as such. Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (a) Intersecting forms of discrimination against migrant women, in particular those in an irregular situation; (b) The long delays in refugee status determination procedures and the high fees and administrative barriers faced by refugee and asylum-seeking...more
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the information provided by the State party that refugee status was granted in 48 cases on the grounds of gender-based persecution pursuant to Law No. 12/2009 on asylum and subsidiary protection, the Committee is seriously concerned about the practice of expulsion of people crossing the border at Ceuta and at Melilla, including women and girls, with no individual gender-specific evaluation of each case" (11).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, AW-PRACTICE-1

"The FEVIMTRA provides mechanisms for immediate protection in urgent cases, without process or waiting period, for the custody of women victims of gender-based violence and trafficking. In addition, in 2014, the implementation of protection measures and precautionary steps were incorporated into the CNPP, with obligation for their release and processing by the Public Ministers. These efforts are still insufficient, but in the work plan of the CNPJ the spread of protection measures is being increased" (page 17).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Those who are exploited in prostitution should be given adequate support and assistance, those who risk being prostituted should be given support and assistance, and measures to deter buyers of sexual services should be developed further . . . Women in prostitution should be seen as plaintiffs in selected cases of the purchase of sexual services allowing them to receive compensation or initiate civil suits" (page 6). "The first municipal support and assistance services for victims of prostitution and trafficking in human beings opened during the mid-1970’s in the four largest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö and Norrköping. Today, municipal Prostitution Groups operate in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. These victims support...more
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The country’s laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The process of obtaining refugee status generally took as long as a year, but ONPAR [National Office for Attention to Refugees] considered expediting cases involving vulnerable applicants, such as pregnant women and minors"(10)
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Procedures to determine refugee status did not include provisions for standards of treatment for specific populations of asylum seekers, including those with special needs, survivors of gender-based violence and torture, the elderly, and persons with disabilities” (28, 29).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Migrants and refugees lived in often inadequate or substandard shelters for extended periods and were vulnerable to forced labor and other abuses; unaccompanied minors were particularly at risk” (1). “The constitution provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights. The government cooperated with UNHCR and other humanitarian organizations in providing protection and assistance to refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and other persons of concern” (9). “Representatives of UNHCR, the International Organization for Migration, and other humanitarian organizations condemned alleged abuse of minors who were seeking asylum, prolonged periods of their detention, and their inadequate access to cultural mediators and lawyers....more