The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for BR-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 24, 2017, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately a fifth of women born in the 1970s are likely to remain childless in ... Spain ... a level not seen since World War I, according to the Wittgenstein Center for Demography and Global Human Capital, based in Vienna" (para 6).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately a fifth of women born in the 1970s are likely to remain childless in ... Italy, a level not seen since World War I, according to the Wittgenstein Center for Demography and Global Human Capital, based in Vienna" (para 6).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“As a longtime fertility doctor, Minas Mastrominas has helped couples in Greece give birth to thousands of bouncing babies. But recently, disturbing trends have escalated at his clinic. Couples insisting on only one child. Women tearfully renouncing plans to conceive. And a surge in single-child parents asking him to destroy all of their remaining embryos. ‘People are saying they can’t afford more than one child, or any at all,’ Dr. Mastrominas, a director at Embryogenesis, a large in vitro fertilization center, said as videos of gurgling toddlers played in the waiting room. ‘After eight years of economic stagnation, they’re giving up on their dreams’” (para 1-3). “Approximately a fifth of ...more
May 25, 2017, 12:18 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1

"The Chinese government announced that it will change its controversial one-child policy to a two-child policy per couple in order to balance population development and address the challenge of an ageing population" (p 2)
May 17, 2017, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-1, BR-PRACTICE-1

"More than a quarter of Yemen's females marry before age 15, according to a report last year by the Social Affairs Ministry. Tribal custom also plays a role, including the belief that a young bride can be shaped into an obedient wife, bear more children and be kept away from temptation" (para 12).
April 24, 2017, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"With a birth rate double that of the national average, Israel's ultra-Orthodox community is growing — and so is its political power" (8).
March 22, 2017, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"With fewer young people to support larger numbers of retirees in China, scholars have warned of a looming demographic crisis. But many couples are not interested in having a second child, some because of the potential costs, others because of their age" (para 28). "The willingness to have children is already very low, so the Chinese government’s offer of free surgeries will be of no avail. It will have little effect on the birthrate" (para 32).
March 14, 2017, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, BR-PRACTICE-1

"The UNFPA attributed Armenia’s sex-discriminatory abortions to 'patriarchal structures' and a trend for smaller families, as well as easy access to prenatal scans and abortions" (para 13).
Feb. 13, 2017, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"'Before the elections, they said Family 500+ would be for every child,” said Mr. Grabiec. 'Now it is only from the second child onward. It discriminates against families with one child. The biggest number of large families is in the regions where the majority votes for Law and Justice'" (para 26). There seems to be a divide in opinion about the ideal family size on the basis of political affiliation (TP - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Fewer Chinese people are getting married, a shift with profound implications for China’s economic and social life. The decline in marriages means a decline in the number of babies, and potentially less spending on homes, appliances and other family-related purchases — the kind of spending China needs to drive economic growth" (para 3).
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Over the last decade, the ideal family size has dropped slightly for both women and men. Women currently want 2.6 children, on average, while men want 3.0 children” (85). “If women could choose their family size, they would choose to have 2.6 children, on average, while men would choose to have 3.0 children (Table 6.3). Ideal family size is slightly higher among women and men who are currently married (Figure 6.2)” (86). “From 2004 to 2014, the ideal family size in Lesotho fell from 3.0 to 2.6 children for women and from 3.4 to 3.0 children for men” (86). “The more children respondents already have, the more children they consider ...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Fertility is 113 births per 1,000 women age 15-19, which increases to a peak of 143 births per 1,000 women age 20-24, and declines thereafter” (50). “The TFR in the rural areas is higher than in urban areas (2.4 compared with 2.0 births per woman). As the ASFRs show, the pattern of higher rural fertility is prevalent in all age groups. The urban-rural difference in fertility is most pronounced for women in the 20-24 age group (125 births per 1,000 women in urban areas versus 151 births per 1,000 women in rural areas)” (51). “Fertility decline is steepest among the cohort age 30-34, with a 58 percent decline (from 141 ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Fertility peaks in the 25-29 age group in urban areas (237 births per 1,000 women) and the 20-24 age group in rural areas (267 births per 1,000 women) and declines thereafter” (66). “Rural areas have a much higher TFR than urban areas (6.2 versus 4.7), and there are large urbanrural differences in ASFRs for all age groups. The largest variations are in the 15-19 and 20-24 age groups; in these groups, the rates for rural women exceed those for urban women by 100 and 79 births per 1,000 women, respectively” (66). “On average, Nigerian women nearing the end of their reproductive years have attained a parity of about seven (6.8) ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“The age pattern of fertility indicates that childbearing in Namibia begins early. According to the cumulative age-specific fertility rates shown in Table 4.1, fertility peaks in the age group 20-24 (204 births per thousand women in rural and 136 births per thousand women in urban areas). Agespecific fertility rates are higher in rural areas than in urban areas for all age groups” (41). “Teenage fertility is high in Kavango (140 births per 1,000 women), Omaheke (137 per 1,000), Caprivi (121 per 1,000), and Otjozondjupa (120 per 1,000), while Khomas, Omusati, and Oshana have the lowest rates (42, 49, and 49 births per 1,000 women, respectively)” (43). “Table 4.4 shows that ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Rural women have about 1.7 children more than urban women (5.1 children per woman compared with 3.4 children per woman). The pattern of lower fertility in urban areas is evident in every age group, and it is most pronounced for women in the 20-24 age group (121 births per 1,000 women in urban areas compared with 210 births per 1,000 women in rural areas)” (60). “Fertility has fallen gradually among women in all age groups over the past two decades, with the exception of the 25-29 age group. The decrease in fertility is steepest among women age 15-19, a 20 percent decline between the 15-19 year period before the survey ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:50 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“The mean ideal number of children among all women age 15-49 is 3.6, while that of all men is 3.9. The mean ideal number of children among women has declined marginally in the last 10 years from 3.9 in the 2003 KDHS to 3.6 in 2014” (xxi). “The gap between actual fertility and ideal family size has narrowed in the last 10 years, from 1.3 children in 2003 to 1.0 in 2014” (xxi). “The largest absolute difference is seen among women age 20- 24; the ASFR for rural women of this age is 248 births per 1,000, compared with 164 per 1,000 among urban women” (66). “Rural-urban differences appear to ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“As the ASFRs show, the pattern of higher rural fertility is prevalent in all age groups except age 40-49” (49). “The urban-rural difference in fertility is more pronounced for women in the age group 30-34 (113 births per 1,000 women in urban areas versus 182 births per 1,000 women in rural areas)” (49, 50). “The overall age pattern of fertility as reflected in the ASFRs indicates that childbearing begins early. Fertility is low among adolescents and increases to a peak of 202 births per 1,000 among women age 20-24 and declines thereafter” (50). “A substantial fertility decline has occurred in all age groups. Between 1986 and 1997, the largest decline ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:45 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“The mean ideal number of children for all women is 2.8 children which remains unchanged from the 2008 NDHS figure. For currently married women, the mean ideal family size is 3.0 children, slightly lower than the mean of 3.1 children in the 2008 NDHS” (55). “Forty-three percent of women in the Philippines consider two children as the ideal family size, while 28 percent prefer three children, 13 percent prefer four children and 8 percent prefer five or more children” (60). “The mean ideal family size in the Philippines of 2.8 children for all women remains unchanged from the 2008 NDHS figure, while there is a slight decline in the mean ...more
Aug. 24, 2016, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, BR-DATA-1

"The fertility rate in Afghanistan is 7.2 births per woman versus 3.1 for all of South Asia"(para 11)
Aug. 23, 2016, 5:13 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, BR-PRACTICE-2, ABO-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"Despite the existence of some reforms concerning the status of women in Turkey during the AKP period, there are still some important issues that made advocates of women’s rights criticise the government seriously. The announcement of Prime Minister Erdogan that all Turkish women should have three children and that the AKP would draft a law that would ban abortion outright or the turning of the State Ministry Responsible for Women’s Affairs into Ministry of Family and Social Affairs in 2012 can be regarded as various examples of those issues"(para 9)
July 27, 2016, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Women and men prefer to have the same family size of about two children (2.2). Since 1999-2000, the mean ideal number of children has decreased from 2.5 children to 2.2 children in 2011” (73). “Women in Bangladesh prefer a small family size (2.2 children on average). Three in four women want to have two children, while 5 percent want to have only one child. Twelve percent of women prefer a three-child family” (77). “There has been a decline in the mean ideal number of children among women since 1999-2000. The mean ideal number of children decreased by 0.1 in each subsequent survey, from 2.5 children in 1999- 2000 to 2.2 ...more
July 27, 2016, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Table 5.1 and Figure 5.1 show that age-specific fertility rates start relatively high among women age 15-19 (125 per 1,000), indicating an early age of initiation of childbearing, especially in rural areas, where the fertility rate among women age 15-19 is 155 per 1,000. In rural areas fertility peaks at age 20-24 (257 per 1,000), whereas urban areas show a slightly delayed peak in fertility, at age 25-29 (168 per 1,000). Age-specific fertility rates remain consistently higher in rural areas throughout the childbearing years” (64). “Table 5.3.1 shows that age-specific fertility rates decreased for all age groups between the two most recent five-year periods preceding the survey. However, a comparison ...more
July 26, 2016, 11:06 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: MABFC-DATA-1, BR-PRACTICE-1, BR-DATA-1

"Research from the process to produce a Gender Policy for Barbados indicates that there have been significant changes in family life in Barbados over the last decade. These changes include: declining fertility, decreasing family size, increasing participation of women in the formal labour market and delayed childbearing. Government policies related to sex education and contraceptive campaigns have no doubt influenced these changes to the benefit of girls and women" (15)
June 8, 2016, 8:18 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Ironically, the data do not match the preferences of the women surveyed, all currently married, who thought that 2.8 births was a desirable number, or no more than three children in a family. Six in 10 of the women did not want another pregnancy, according to the 2015 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey, part of the USAID, which plotted changes in fertility from 2008 through 2014. One underlying factor: 'More than one-fifth of married women believe their husband wants more children than they do,' the survey found. 'Overall, 16 percent of births in the five-year period were not wanted at the time of conception'" (para 2). "'Family planning is not ...more
May 1, 2016, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“The average ideal family size for all women is 3.3 children, and for married women it is 3.6 children, both substantially less than the TFR of 5.5” (xviii). “The total fertility rate for Rwandan women remains high: at the end of her reproductive years a woman has an average of 5.5 children. Adolescents age 15-19 contribute only 4 percent of the total fertility while women age 25-29 contribute 25 percent” (24). “For all age groups, fertility is higher among women in rural areas (5.7) than among women in urban areas (4.7) (Figure 4.1). The fertility curves for urban and rural areas follow the same trajectory: increasing rapidly, reaching a maximum ...more
April 30, 2016, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“The age-specific fertility rate for women age 25-29 declined and for the ASFR for women age 30-34 increased. There are large variations in the total fertility rate amongst provinces in Indonesia, ranging from 1.8 in DI Yogyakarta to 4.2 in East Nusa Tenggara. The TFR in East Nusa Tenggara is twice that in DKI Jakarta, East Java, and Bali” (xxiii). “The 2007 IDHS data indicate that the TFR remains constant at 2.6, which means that, on average, a woman in Indonesia would have 2.6 children in her lifetime. Although the level of fertility remains the same as that in the 2002-2003 IDHS, there is a slight change in the pattern ...more
April 27, 2016, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“The overall age pattern of fertility, as reflected in the ASFRs, indicates that childbearing begins early. Fertility peaks at 239 births per 1,000 women age 20-24, and declines thereafter” (68). “Fertility is considerably higher in rural areas (6.6 births per woman) than in urban areas (3.7 births per woman).The ASFRs show a higher rural fertility prevalent in all age groups” (68). “The urban-rural difference in fertility is most pronounced for women in the 20-24 age group (178 births per 1,000 women in urban areas compared with 299 births per 1,000 women in rural areas)” (68). “Nonetheless, the results in Table 5.3.1 show that with the exception of the age group ...more
April 27, 2016, 9:05 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“On average, Sierra Leonean women would like to have five children (5.0); this number is slightly less than the current fertility rate of 5.1 children per woman, and one child more than the four children suggested in the National Population Policy. Sixteen percent of recent births were mistimed (wanted later) and 10 percent were not wanted at all. These results indicate that there is a need for additional family planning services, especially those concerned with spacing births” (xxiii). “The age pattern of fertility as reflected in the ASFRs indicates that childbearing begins early. Figure 4.1 shows that for the entire sample of women, fertility is relatively high among adolescents age ...more
April 26, 2016, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“One-tenth of women age 25-49 gave birth by age 18 and 28 percent by age 20. The median age at first birth is 22.4 years” (67). “The TFR in urban areas is 2.1 births per woman, almost one child lower than the rate in rural areas (2.9 births per woman). An examination of age-specific rates by urban-rural residence indicates that the age pattern of fertility is quite different in urban and rural areas. Fertility rates are higher in nearly every age group for rural women than for urban women. Among women age 15-19, fertility rates are quite low in both urban and rural areas (21 and 66 per 1,000 women, ...more
April 26, 2016, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Figure 4.1 highlights that all age groups shared in the recent rise in fertility rates except women age 40-49 years. The increase was highest among women in the 20-24 age group; fertility rose by 26 percent in this age group between the 2008 EDHS and the 2014 EDHS. As a result of the differences in the pace of fertility change across various age groups, childbearing has become somewhat more concentrated among women under age 30. Currently, a woman will have an average of 2.3 births by her 30th birthday, roughly two-thirds of her lifetime births” (44). “The average married woman considers a three-child family to be ideal” (53). “More than ...more