The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for BR-PRACTICE-1

March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"National family-planning authorities were gradually shifting emphasis from lowering fertility rates to emphasizing quality of care in family-planning practices" (page 55).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"According to the 2009 population census, the average family size consists of 3.5 people" (3). "In addition, large families with four or more minor children living together, and mothers with a large number of children, who have been awarded the gold pendant 'Алтын алқа' (seven or more children) or the silver pendant 'Күміс алқа' (six children) or had previously been awarded the title of Heroine Mother or Glorious Motherhood (Classes I or II) receive special State benefits" (35). "In accordance with the Code on public health and the healthcare system (hereinafter — the Health Code), women and men have the right to free reproductive choice. The right to decide on...more
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Women currently want 3.4 children on average. In general, ideal family size rises with women’s age and increasing numbers of living children" (71).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali

"Women’s ability to make decisions regarding reproduction was limited, and many lacked information on sexual and reproductive health. Women faced pressure to defer to their husbands and family on reproductive matters, including the number, spacing, and timing of pregnancies" (page 21).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal

"Social and cultural pressures to have large families reportedly led some husbands to ask health workers to terminate the use of contraceptives by their spouses" (page 16).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"On the whole, the average ideal number of children is 5.3 for women and 5.7 for men; for married women and men, the averages are higher (respectively 5.6 and 6.2 children) . . . As one would expect, the proportion of women who don't want any more children increases with the number of living children: it increases from less than 1% of women without any children to 15% of women who have 3 and reaches 54% among women who have at least 6 living children. The women who don't want any more children have, in principle, attained their desired posterity. . . We observe that 98% of childless women want...more
Oct. 4, 2018, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The government has vowed to tackle the problem by raising the fertility rate from its current 1.44 children per woman to 1.8 children per woman by 2025. Japan now provides free education, has expanded nursery care, and allows fathers to take paternity leave in order to tackle the problem. Local governments have even set up speed-dating services across the country to get people to partner up" (para 23-25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to encourage couples to have no more than two children" (21).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the persistently high rates of . . . fertility, early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting demand for obstetric fistula services" (page 10).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"While there are no legal restrictions on access to contraceptives, the Russian Orthodox Church and Muftis Council continued their opposition to family planning initiatives, and access to family planning in the country was limited, especially outside of big cities. Senior government leaders explicitly encouraged women to have as many children as possible to counteract the country’s declining population, particularly among ethnic Russians," (54).
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Around two in three currently married women age 15 to 49 want to have another child. Twenty-two percent want to have that child soon, while 42% would like to wait at least 2 years before adding another child to their family. Most other women want to limit childbearing, that is, they do not want to have any more children (26%) or are sterilised (3%). Overall, women are slightly more likely than men to want to limit childbearing (22%). The likelihood of not wanting more children increases with the number of children the woman already has. Among currently married women with two living children, 11% want no more children or are...more
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The universal pattern of decreasing fertility with increasing education is illustrated in Tanzania. Women with no education have as many as 3.3 more children than women with secondary or higher education (6.9 versus 3.6 children) (Table 5.2). Fertility also declines dramatically with increasing wealth. Women in the lowest wealth quintile have 4.4 more children than women in the highest wealth quintile (7.5 versus 3.1 children) (Figure 5.3)" (page 106-107).
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The period between pregnancies for one third or women is 18 months or less and 24 months for half of the women" (Pg 14).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"In 2016, the NOM-007-SSA2-2016 was published, with attention to women during pregnancy, birth, and puerperium, and of the newborn person., respecting the reproductive rights of all people to decide the number of children they desire to have, the moment in which to have them and the spacing between pregnancies, as well as to have information with which to specify their desires, and the right to obtain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health" (page 24).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The mean ideal family size for all women age 15-49 in Myanmar is 2.5 children, and for all men in the same age group, it is 2.8 children. The mean ideal family size for currently married women, at 2.9 children, and for currently married men, at 3.0 children, is slightly higher than for all women and all men age 15-49, respectively. Among women with no living children, 35% would like to have two children, 20% would like to have three children, and 17% would like to have no children. Also notably, only 6% of women with no children want four or more children" (81).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately a fifth of women born in the 1970s are likely to remain childless in ... Spain ... a level not seen since World War I, according to the Wittgenstein Center for Demography and Global Human Capital, based in Vienna" (para 6).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately a fifth of women born in the 1970s are likely to remain childless in ... Italy, a level not seen since World War I, according to the Wittgenstein Center for Demography and Global Human Capital, based in Vienna" (para 6).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“As a longtime fertility doctor, Minas Mastrominas has helped couples in Greece give birth to thousands of bouncing babies. But recently, disturbing trends have escalated at his clinic. Couples insisting on only one child. Women tearfully renouncing plans to conceive. And a surge in single-child parents asking him to destroy all of their remaining embryos. ‘People are saying they can’t afford more than one child, or any at all,’ Dr. Mastrominas, a director at Embryogenesis, a large in vitro fertilization center, said as videos of gurgling toddlers played in the waiting room. ‘After eight years of economic stagnation, they’re giving up on their dreams’” (para 1-3). “Approximately a fifth of...more
May 25, 2017, 12:18 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1

"The Chinese government announced that it will change its controversial one-child policy to a two-child policy per couple in order to balance population development and address the challenge of an ageing population" (p 2)
May 17, 2017, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Yemen

"More than a quarter of Yemen's females marry before age 15, according to a report last year by the Social Affairs Ministry. Tribal custom also plays a role, including the belief that a young bride can be shaped into an obedient wife, bear more children and be kept away from temptation" (para 12).
April 24, 2017, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"With a birth rate double that of the national average, Israel's ultra-Orthodox community is growing — and so is its political power" (8).
March 22, 2017, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"With fewer young people to support larger numbers of retirees in China, scholars have warned of a looming demographic crisis. But many couples are not interested in having a second child, some because of the potential costs, others because of their age" (para 28). "The willingness to have children is already very low, so the Chinese government’s offer of free surgeries will be of no avail. It will have little effect on the birthrate" (para 32).
March 14, 2017, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Armenia

"The UNFPA attributed Armenia’s sex-discriminatory abortions to 'patriarchal structures' and a trend for smaller families, as well as easy access to prenatal scans and abortions" (para 13).
Feb. 13, 2017, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"'Before the elections, they said Family 500+ would be for every child,” said Mr. Grabiec. 'Now it is only from the second child onward. It discriminates against families with one child. The biggest number of large families is in the regions where the majority votes for Law and Justice'" (para 26). There seems to be a divide in opinion about the ideal family size on the basis of political affiliation (TP - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Fewer Chinese people are getting married, a shift with profound implications for China’s economic and social life. The decline in marriages means a decline in the number of babies, and potentially less spending on homes, appliances and other family-related purchases — the kind of spending China needs to drive economic growth" (para 3).
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Over the last decade, the ideal family size has dropped slightly for both women and men. Women currently want 2.6 children, on average, while men want 3.0 children” (85). “If women could choose their family size, they would choose to have 2.6 children, on average, while men would choose to have 3.0 children (Table 6.3). Ideal family size is slightly higher among women and men who are currently married (Figure 6.2)” (86). “From 2004 to 2014, the ideal family size in Lesotho fell from 3.0 to 2.6 children for women and from 3.4 to 3.0 children for men” (86). “The more children respondents already have, the more children they consider...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Fertility is 113 births per 1,000 women age 15-19, which increases to a peak of 143 births per 1,000 women age 20-24, and declines thereafter” (50). “The TFR in the rural areas is higher than in urban areas (2.4 compared with 2.0 births per woman). As the ASFRs show, the pattern of higher rural fertility is prevalent in all age groups. The urban-rural difference in fertility is most pronounced for women in the 20-24 age group (125 births per 1,000 women in urban areas versus 151 births per 1,000 women in rural areas)” (51). “Fertility decline is steepest among the cohort age 30-34, with a 58 percent decline (from 141...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Fertility peaks in the 25-29 age group in urban areas (237 births per 1,000 women) and the 20-24 age group in rural areas (267 births per 1,000 women) and declines thereafter” (66). “Rural areas have a much higher TFR than urban areas (6.2 versus 4.7), and there are large urbanrural differences in ASFRs for all age groups. The largest variations are in the 15-19 and 20-24 age groups; in these groups, the rates for rural women exceed those for urban women by 100 and 79 births per 1,000 women, respectively” (66). “On average, Nigerian women nearing the end of their reproductive years have attained a parity of about seven (6.8)...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“The age pattern of fertility indicates that childbearing in Namibia begins early. According to the cumulative age-specific fertility rates shown in Table 4.1, fertility peaks in the age group 20-24 (204 births per thousand women in rural and 136 births per thousand women in urban areas). Agespecific fertility rates are higher in rural areas than in urban areas for all age groups” (41). “Teenage fertility is high in Kavango (140 births per 1,000 women), Omaheke (137 per 1,000), Caprivi (121 per 1,000), and Otjozondjupa (120 per 1,000), while Khomas, Omusati, and Oshana have the lowest rates (42, 49, and 49 births per 1,000 women, respectively)” (43). “Table 4.4 shows that...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“Rural women have about 1.7 children more than urban women (5.1 children per woman compared with 3.4 children per woman). The pattern of lower fertility in urban areas is evident in every age group, and it is most pronounced for women in the 20-24 age group (121 births per 1,000 women in urban areas compared with 210 births per 1,000 women in rural areas)” (60). “Fertility has fallen gradually among women in all age groups over the past two decades, with the exception of the 25-29 age group. The decrease in fertility is steepest among women age 15-19, a 20 percent decline between the 15-19 year period before the survey...more