The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for BR-PRACTICE-2

Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali

"Women’s ability to make decisions regarding reproduction was limited, and many lacked information on sexual and reproductive health. Women faced pressure to defer to their husbands and family on reproductive matters, including the number, spacing, and timing of pregnancies" (page 21).
Jan. 8, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador

"Miscarriages of justice have become shockingly commonplace, in a pious, macho culture which endorses the aggressive persecution of women deemed guilty of rejecting their principal roles as mothers" (para 4).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

Women who seek to utilize family planning strategies must overcome cultural biases in favor of large families (page 15). "Kuki: there is intense pressure placed on Kuki women to bear their husbands male children. KWHRO has received cases of women who do not give birth to a son or cannot bear children who are mistreated or forced out of their family when their husband passes away. In other cases, the husband would grow angry and divorce the woman. Source: Kuki Women’s Human Rights Organisation (KWHRO) and Kuki in Sagaing Region" (page 85).
Oct. 27, 2018, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

Even those who marry later will often rush to make up for lost time in a society that frowns upon childless women (para 14). "'The women in the community are really dependent on their husbands and they are the ones making the decisions to have babies or not,' said Dr Selma Xavier, a rural GP who regularly visited the community" (para 16).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal

"Social and cultural pressures to have large families reportedly led some husbands to ask health workers to terminate the use of contraceptives by their spouses" (page 16).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Generally, married women who voluntarily remain childless are relatively rare in the Comoros" (page 61). "As one would expect, the proportion of women who don't want any more children increases with the number of living children: it increases from less than 1% of women without any children to 15% of women who have 3 and reaches 54% among women who have at least 6 living children. The women who don't want any more children have, in principle, attained their desired posterity. . . We observe that 98% of childless women want a child, and the majority of these women (48%) want one within the next two years . . ....more
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Around two in three currently married women age 15 to 49 want to have another child. Twenty-two percent want to have that child soon, while 42% would like to wait at least 2 years before adding another child to their family. Most other women want to limit childbearing, that is, they do not want to have any more children (26%) or are sterilised (3%). Overall, women are slightly more likely than men to want to limit childbearing (22%). The likelihood of not wanting more children increases with the number of children the woman already has. Among currently married women with two living children, 11% want no more children or are...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"On May 27th, 2015, the Minister of Health Beatrice Lorenzin announced a national ‘Piano per la fertilità’ (Fertility Plan). The main goal of the Plan is 'placing Fertility at the centre in our country’s health and educational policies'. Unlike the Anti-Violence Plan (sse paras. 1.3 and 1.4 of this report), for its implementation the Fertility Plan received the conspicuous sum of €150,000. Such policy is directly discriminatory, as the Government is devoting a more intense effort, in terms of advertising and funding, to incentive the maternal role of women, instead than tackling the prejudices relating to the traditional role of women within the society and eradicate domestic and witnessed violence....more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Like many women, I always thought that after university and finding some financial stability, I would marry and have children. I guess the fact that I grew up in a progressive and supportive family made me forget that the experiences of Afghan women are unlike those of many women around the world. I forgot, for a second, that as a woman unless you can have children, your education, career, and marriage are considered meaningless. I was not prepared for feeling that in the eyes of my community, my only worth as a woman is to bear children in the end"(para 2)."Even though I had support from my husband and my...more
July 31, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"The young brides are supposed to have their first child within the first years of marriage" (para 8).
Feb. 2, 2017, 7:39 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2, BR-DATA-1

"It’s not that women aren’t choosing to pursue careers, sometimes at the expense of family, in ever increasing numbers. The low fertility rate in Japan is primary evidence of that" (para 12).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Poverty, illiteracy and limited access to health services coupled with early marriage, absences of premarital counseling, pressure for early child bearing and poor nutritional status are the more influential factors for the overall lower health status of women" (11).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Once married, women are generally under social pressure to have children as soon as possible. Data from the 2006 and 2011 I-MICS confirm that only 1 percent of married women use contraception before having at least one child" (9).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Voluntary childlessness is rare in Nigeria; therefore, it is likely that married women with no births are unable to have children” (71). “More than four-fifths of women age 15-19 (83 percent) have never given birth (Table 5.4). However, this proportion declines to 9 percent among women age 30-34 and 5 percent or less among women age 35 and older, indicating that childbearing among Nigerian women is nearly universal” (71).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:50 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Because voluntary childlessness is rare in Kenya, it might be assumed that most married women with no births are unable to physiologically bear children” (71).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:45 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“The results show that among all women, more than one in three does not have any children. Among married women, only 7 percent do not have children” (45).
Aug. 23, 2016, 5:13 p.m.
Countries: Turkey

"Despite the existence of some reforms concerning the status of women in Turkey during the AKP period, there are still some important issues that made advocates of women’s rights criticise the government seriously. The announcement of Prime Minister Erdogan that all Turkish women should have three children and that the AKP would draft a law that would ban abortion outright or the turning of the State Ministry Responsible for Women’s Affairs into Ministry of Family and Social Affairs in 2012 can be regarded as various examples of those issues"(para 9)
May 1, 2016, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Women who voluntarily remain childless are relatively rare in Rwanda, where the population is still strongly prenatal” (29).
April 27, 2016, 9:05 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“The percentage of women with no children decreases rapidly to 8 percent among women age 25-29, and by age 40 only about 2 percent of women are childless. This indicates that childbearing is nearly universal among women in Sierra Leone” (56). “At the time of the survey, 19 percent of all women were childless. On average, women nearing the end of their reproductive years have attained a parity of 5.7 children, which is higher than the total fertility rate of 5.1 births per woman” (56). “At the time of the survey, less than one in ten currently married women (7 percent) were childless. Again, this suggests that childbearing is universal...more
April 26, 2016, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia

“Voluntary childlessness is not common in Cambodia, and currently married women with no children are likely to be those who are unable to bear children (primary infertility)” (73). “Whereas 57 percent of currently married adolescent women are childless, this proportion decreases to 9 percent among currently married women age 25-29 and continues to decline with increasing age. The percentage of childless women among currently married women at the end of the reproductive period (age 45-49) shows that primary infertility among currently married women is low (2 percent)” (73).
April 26, 2016, 2:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Overall, the TFR declined by just over 2 births between the 1997 and 2013 surveys. The decline in TFR has been consistent across surveys: 6.5 children per woman in 1997, 6.2 children per woman in 2003, 5.2 children per woman in 2006, and 4.4 children per woman in 2013” (44). “Only 2 percent of currently married women age 45-49 have never had a child. If the desire for children is universal in Yemen, this percentage represents a rough measure of primary infertility or the inability to bear children” (45). “Another indication of the decline in fertility in Yemen is the fact that the mean number of children ever born to...more
Dec. 21, 2015, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Turkey

"Yet the party has also encouraged women to take more traditional roles, recommending, for example, that women have three children. 'In the end, it is a socially conservative party, and many [in the AKP] would be equally happy if women played their traditional roles'” (para 19)
Dec. 11, 2015, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"In parts of Nigeria women who remain childless face prejudice. It can even arouse suspicion of witchcraft" (para 10)
Dec. 4, 2015, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

According to a bar graph on page 8, about 20% of families in Finland and Sweden have children (8). The percentage could be an indicator that women are not pressured into having children (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Dec. 4, 2015, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Nearly 40% of the families in Iceland have children” (8). Having children does not seem to be a major priority for women based on this percentage (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Dec. 4, 2015, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“…in Norway, and Denmark… 27% [of families have children]” (8). The percentage of families with children is relatively small which means we can assume that women are not pressured into having children (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Dec. 4, 2015, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“…in Norway, and Denmark… 27% [of families have children]” (8). This number may indicate that women are not pressured into having children (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 19, 2015, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

According to a bar graph on page 8, about 20% of families in Finland and Sweden have children (8). It can be assumed that society does not shame women who do not have children (RNP-CODER COMMENT). “Finland has the highest proportion of both men and women who have not become parents. 22 to 27% of the men are childless where this is true for 10 to 19% of the women in the Nordic countries” (9)
Oct. 19, 2015, 12:41 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"There are countless women across India who face an exceedingly difficult time defending their position within the family and community in the bleak eventuality that they are infertile and unable to bear children" (para 2). "What followed a gentle probing was the enumeration of an enormous case history: three months of multiple rounds of medical testing to see if she could conceive a child, and if not, what could be done. 'I’ve been married for a year now, and I haven’t yet gotten pregnant. My mother-in-law says that I must get pregnant soon – she got pregnant within three months of marriage. If I don’t, they may even have my...more
Sept. 17, 2015, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"One young woman in Umoja tells me she has five children, all with different fathers. 'It is not good to be unmarried and have children in our culture,' she tells me, washing baby clothes in a blue plastic bucket, using some of the precious water she collected early that morning from the nearby river. 'But it is worse not to have any. Without children we are nothing'" (para 20)