The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for BR-PRACTICE-2

July 31, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"The young brides are supposed to have their first child within the first years of marriage" (para 8).
Feb. 2, 2017, 7:39 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2, BR-DATA-1

"It’s not that women aren’t choosing to pursue careers, sometimes at the expense of family, in ever increasing numbers. The low fertility rate in Japan is primary evidence of that" (para 12).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Poverty, illiteracy and limited access to health services coupled with early marriage, absences of premarital counseling, pressure for early child bearing and poor nutritional status are the more influential factors for the overall lower health status of women" (11).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Once married, women are generally under social pressure to have children as soon as possible. Data from the 2006 and 2011 I-MICS confirm that only 1 percent of married women use contraception before having at least one child" (9).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Voluntary childlessness is rare in Nigeria; therefore, it is likely that married women with no births are unable to have children” (71). “More than four-fifths of women age 15-19 (83 percent) have never given birth (Table 5.4). However, this proportion declines to 9 percent among women age 30-34 and 5 percent or less among women age 35 and older, indicating that childbearing among Nigerian women is nearly universal” (71).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:50 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Because voluntary childlessness is rare in Kenya, it might be assumed that most married women with no births are unable to physiologically bear children” (71).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:45 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“The results show that among all women, more than one in three does not have any children. Among married women, only 7 percent do not have children” (45).
Aug. 23, 2016, 5:13 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, BR-PRACTICE-2, ABO-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"Despite the existence of some reforms concerning the status of women in Turkey during the AKP period, there are still some important issues that made advocates of women’s rights criticise the government seriously. The announcement of Prime Minister Erdogan that all Turkish women should have three children and that the AKP would draft a law that would ban abortion outright or the turning of the State Ministry Responsible for Women’s Affairs into Ministry of Family and Social Affairs in 2012 can be regarded as various examples of those issues"(para 9)
May 1, 2016, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Women who voluntarily remain childless are relatively rare in Rwanda, where the population is still strongly prenatal” (29).
April 27, 2016, 9:05 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“The percentage of women with no children decreases rapidly to 8 percent among women age 25-29, and by age 40 only about 2 percent of women are childless. This indicates that childbearing is nearly universal among women in Sierra Leone” (56). “At the time of the survey, 19 percent of all women were childless. On average, women nearing the end of their reproductive years have attained a parity of 5.7 children, which is higher than the total fertility rate of 5.1 births per woman” (56). “At the time of the survey, less than one in ten currently married women (7 percent) were childless. Again, this suggests that childbearing is universal ...more
April 26, 2016, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MULV-PRACTICE-1, BR-PRACTICE-2

“Voluntary childlessness is not common in Cambodia, and currently married women with no children are likely to be those who are unable to bear children (primary infertility)” (73). “Whereas 57 percent of currently married adolescent women are childless, this proportion decreases to 9 percent among currently married women age 25-29 and continues to decline with increasing age. The percentage of childless women among currently married women at the end of the reproductive period (age 45-49) shows that primary infertility among currently married women is low (2 percent)” (73).
April 26, 2016, 2:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Overall, the TFR declined by just over 2 births between the 1997 and 2013 surveys. The decline in TFR has been consistent across surveys: 6.5 children per woman in 1997, 6.2 children per woman in 2003, 5.2 children per woman in 2006, and 4.4 children per woman in 2013” (44). “Only 2 percent of currently married women age 45-49 have never had a child. If the desire for children is universal in Yemen, this percentage represents a rough measure of primary infertility or the inability to bear children” (45). “Another indication of the decline in fertility in Yemen is the fact that the mean number of children ever born to ...more
Dec. 21, 2015, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1, BR-PRACTICE-2

"Yet the party has also encouraged women to take more traditional roles, recommending, for example, that women have three children. 'In the end, it is a socially conservative party, and many [in the AKP] would be equally happy if women played their traditional roles'” (para 19)
Dec. 11, 2015, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"In parts of Nigeria women who remain childless face prejudice. It can even arouse suspicion of witchcraft" (para 10)
Dec. 4, 2015, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

According to a bar graph on page 8, about 20% of families in Finland and Sweden have children (8). The percentage could be an indicator that women are not pressured into having children (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Dec. 4, 2015, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“Nearly 40% of the families in Iceland have children” (8). Having children does not seem to be a major priority for women based on this percentage (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Dec. 4, 2015, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“…in Norway, and Denmark… 27% [of families have children]” (8). The percentage of families with children is relatively small which means we can assume that women are not pressured into having children (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Dec. 4, 2015, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“…in Norway, and Denmark… 27% [of families have children]” (8). This number may indicate that women are not pressured into having children (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 19, 2015, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

According to a bar graph on page 8, about 20% of families in Finland and Sweden have children (8). It can be assumed that society does not shame women who do not have children (RNP-CODER COMMENT). “Finland has the highest proportion of both men and women who have not become parents. 22 to 27% of the men are childless where this is true for 10 to 19% of the women in the Nordic countries” (9)
Oct. 19, 2015, 12:41 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"There are countless women across India who face an exceedingly difficult time defending their position within the family and community in the bleak eventuality that they are infertile and unable to bear children" (para 2). "What followed a gentle probing was the enumeration of an enormous case history: three months of multiple rounds of medical testing to see if she could conceive a child, and if not, what could be done. 'I’ve been married for a year now, and I haven’t yet gotten pregnant. My mother-in-law says that I must get pregnant soon – she got pregnant within three months of marriage. If I don’t, they may even have my ...more
Sept. 17, 2015, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"One young woman in Umoja tells me she has five children, all with different fathers. 'It is not good to be unmarried and have children in our culture,' she tells me, washing baby clothes in a blue plastic bucket, using some of the precious water she collected early that morning from the nearby river. 'But it is worse not to have any. Without children we are nothing'" (para 20)
Sept. 4, 2015, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Research has shown that women with disabilities and non-disabled women have similar attitudes towards motherhood, but mothers with disabilities are less likely to want another child than are mothers without disabilities" (8-9)
July 4, 2015, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"The team [from the United Nations Fund for Population Activities] then counselled the newlyweds [Bina Bai, 14 years old, and her husband, 15 years old] on family planning options, which would help Bina avoid the risks of early pregnancy. But under pressure from their elders, Bina soon became pregnant. She suffered multiple health issues, and her baby died shortly after birth" (p 9)
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Over half the population is unmarried (56%) although only 10.3% of women aged 25-49 have never given birth" (10) A contributing reason for the number of unmarried women having babies could be an expectation for women to have children, married or not (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Women need children to be fulfilled. When you are married your line will go through marriage and kids. Children bring pride to the family. That pressure to have kids puts a lot of stress on the woman".
April 10, 2015, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Women [are] still thought of as needing to take care of children, even if she is not at home. [It is] normal for women to work, but they still take care of children" (para 17)
April 2, 2015, 5:33 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Moslem [immigrant women in Austria] say that being a mother is essential for the female sex role and that childlessness is a disgrace. They also differ significantly from the European women in the opinion that childlessness should be concealed from anybody else. Whereas Austrian women think that there is no need to make a big secret of being childless, women with Islamic background thing that childlessness should be concealed in some way" (307)
Feb. 6, 2015, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Iran’s leaders have taken notice. Worried about a steep decline in fertility rates that experts are predicting could reduce population growth to zero within 20 years, Tehran has started a broad initiative to persuade Iranian families to have more children" (para. 4). "That attitude is widespread among Tehran’s middle class. “Even with our combined incomes, my husband and I can’t afford to rent a place, so we alternate between our parents’ houses,” said Negar Mohammadi, the manager of one of Tehran’s most popular restaurants. “If I were to give up my job to have kids, how would we manage to rent a house for ourselves" (para. 22). "Some women and ...more
Feb. 6, 2015, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

It will make them more financially dependent on their husbands and the political system, prioritize the family’s well-being over women’s health and education and as a result of all these will make women’s mobilization much more difficult,” said Azadeh Kharazi, a sociologist (para. 24)
Jan. 31, 2015, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

"Most women in Cuba today only have only one child. Luis Ernesto Formoso, director of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital in Havana, explains it this way: 'In health matters we behave like the developed world, and now women only start to think about having children once they’re established in their careers. For instance, my grandmother had 16 children; my mother, four; and I have only one child'" (para 4)