The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CBMC-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 21, 2017, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-PRACTICE-2

"This whole legal mess is rooted in laws that were written more than half a century ago, experts say. Back then, society didn't legally acknowledge parental rights for children who were born to unmarried women -- 'or, to use an antiquated term, "born out of wedlock,"' said Multnomah County, Oregon, Circuit Court Judge Katherine Tennyson, president of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. 'So traditionally, laws didn't take into account how was the child was conceived'"(para 27-28)."Attorney Shauna Prewitt, who also became pregnant from a rape and chose to raise her child, believes society has created a 'biased prototype ... that all pregnant, raped women hate their ...more
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. ... in the United States it estimated that in the last few years approximately 25 percent of special needs adoption and 5 percent of adoptions were by single parents" (para 16).
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. In the United Kingdom 10 percent of all adoptions between 2012 and 2013 were done by single persons" (para 16).
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“The government in Burma is considering introducing a law that would see men jailed for up to seven years if they get a woman pregnant but do not marry her. A senior official said the legislation was being introduced as part of measures designed to strengthen women's rights” (para 1-2). “If the law successfully passes through parliament, it would mean men face a penalty of up to five years in prison if they refuse to marry a woman after they have lived together, and up to seven if she is pregnant” (para 4).
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"TBILISI, Georgia – The camera zooms in, panning across a marble mantle covered with family photos of three young boys and their happy, smiling parents, then stops on what studies have shown is a statistically uncommon sight in Georgia: A father – in this case Zviad Kvaratskhelia, best-selling author and publisher – sitting in his living room, spending the day alone with his kids – Nikoloz, age 5, Demetre, 3, and Alexandre, 1"(para 1)."'I had never spent time alone with my kids before. They found it bizarre at first to see me changing diapers and cooking for them,' says Zviad. 'But we mustn’t take our families for granted. We must ...more
June 14, 2017, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and other government officials have argued that the new loophole is necessary to save pregnant teenagers from social ostracism. 'Our rural society is very cruel,' said Rebecca Momin, the head of the parliamentary committee on women and children. 'They will point their finger at the pregnant girl,' she said. 'She will be an outcast in school and elsewhere. People will say nasty things to the girl’s parents'" (para 5-7).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-DATA-1

"Virtually all births in Iraq occur within marriage, since extramarital childbearing is subject to strong cultural and religious sanctions" (9).
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“Marriage in Bangladesh marks the point in a woman’s life when childbearing becomes socially acceptable” (41).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“Most children who are living with a single parent live with their mother (38 percent) rather than their father (6 percent)” (263). “A high proportion of boys and girls age 12-14 are being looked after by their biological mothers (55 percent) when they are at home, 27 percent by their grandmother, and 26 percent by their biological fathers” (276). “Children who live with both parents are more likely to mention their mothers than their fathers as their caregivers (92 percent compared with 73 percent)” (276). “It is worth highlighting the role of grandmothers in giving care to children, even when both parents are still alive (21 percent). Half of children ...more
July 27, 2016, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“The proportion of women who have never married affects fertility levels in a society like Bangladesh, where childbearing outside marriage is uncommon” (48). “Marriage in Bangladesh marks the point in a woman’s life when childbearing becomes socially acceptable” (50).
July 27, 2016, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“About 14 percent live with their mother only while the father is alive; a slightly higher proportion than observed in the 2008 SLDHS (10 percent)” (21). “Seven percent live with their father while the mother is alive; a slightly higher proportion (9 percent) was observed in 2008” (21).
July 27, 2016, 8:29 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"However, child marriage in America extends far beyond immigrant communities; it has been a longstanding practice in certain cases in which a girl becomes pregnant and there is a desire that the child have married parents" (para 27)
July 14, 2016, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"To close the gender gap in education and reduce the drop-out rate of girls, the Government of Rwanda has undertaken a variety of activities and strategies aimed at reducing pregnancy related school drop out of girls by addressing issues behind the dropping out of girls due to pregnancy as a major hindrance to girl’s education. In the past period, girls were penalized for their pregnancies because they were thought to be a corrupting influence on their peers" (17)
June 7, 2016, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Ms. Tsukamoto, whose legal married name is Kojima,...and her husband of 55 years registered their marriage decades ago only because they wished to prevent their three children from being born out of wedlock, which carries a strong stigma in Japan" (para 4)
March 2, 2016, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the country’s rapidly changing ways, Tunisia struggles to adapt its legislation to its modernizing society. In November 2011, 10 months after Tunisian dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled the country, Souad Abderrahim, a female representative of the Islamist party Ennahda, called single mothers a 'disgrace.' Her statement caused significant outrage in the media and on social networks. Articles were published in response on the award-winning collective blog Nawaat, while Tunisian activist Lina Ben Mhenni, a 2011 Nobel Peace Prize nominee, called Abderrahim’s declaration 'outrageous'" (para 5). "Most of the women who get pregnant outside of marriage prefer to run away from home to avoid scorn and humiliation from ...more
Jan. 21, 2016, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“The court in its ruling, noted the different interpretations on the marriageable age across different faiths, arguing that changing the marriageable age is part of the legislature's authority. It said progress in areas such as nutrition and technology may speed up a child's sexual drive, which 'should be channelled through legal marriage as ruled by religion, so that a child is not born out of wedlock.'” (para 12, 13).
Jan. 6, 2016, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: CUST-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-PRACTICE-2

"It (the 1916 Proclamation) resulted in the establishment of a network of institutions that illegally removed the parental rights of unmarried women as well as their basic human rights and liberty (and their children’s)" (para 2)
Jan. 2, 2016, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Though laws governing surrogacy have yet to be passed, the government outlined its position in an affidavit placed before the Supreme Court on Oct. 28. It said India 'does not support commercial surrogacy and the scope of surrogacy is limited to Indian married infertile couples only, and not to foreigners.' A previous order had already barred gay and unmarried couples and single people from hiring surrogates"(para 7). The inability of single people to hire surrogates indicates that the government and possibly society believes that both a father and a mother are necessary (ENB- Coder Comment)
Dec. 21, 2015, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2, MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"A few weeks after the National Constituent Assembly elections, Souad Abderrahim, the 'non-veiled' spokeswoman of the Islamic party Ennahda, said that 'single mothers are a disgrace to Tunisians and do not have the right to exist'. She added: 'In Arab-Muslim customs and traditions in Tunisia there are no room for full and absolute freedom…'. Such statements eventually paved the way for the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, calling for polygamy and Shariaa Law" (para 8)
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"...the Children’s Status Act states that children born outside of marriage should be treated in the same manner as children born inside of marriage. This includes matters of inheritance" (53)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Singles parenthood is not common; when a woman has a baby is within the marriage umbrella".
April 28, 2015, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Belarus, Comoros, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malaysia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"We have the honour to address you on behalf of Bangladesh, Belarus, the Comoros, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malaysia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, the Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Yemen, Uganda and Zimbabwe and to inform you of the establishment of the Group of Friends of the Family. The Group was established to work at the United Nations as an informal voluntary association of like- minded countries committed to the promotion of the family as the natural and fundamental group unit of society, entitled to protection by society and the State. The Group of Friends aims at promoting family-oriented policies and prioritizing ...more
April 22, 2015, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

There is no stigma against single or unmarried mothers. In the recent presidential election, one of the candidates was a single mother. When one of her opponents tried to use that against her in a campaign, many people got very angry. The single mother ended up being elected as president. When a child is born to an unmarried couple, the father has to acknowledge that the child is his. He goes to a social office and signes some paperwork. Recently the law was changed so that unmarried fathers can make their official declarations at maternity clinics before the child is even born. When a couple is married, it is assumed ...more
April 3, 2015, 11:43 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"...there is a problem of accessing social grants for orphans and vulnerable children due to the lack of birth certificates resulting from unknown whereabouts of fathers. Some men also disagreed with a DNA test to verify whether they are the fathers, saying the distance from Zambezi region to Windhoek is far. Orphans and vulnerable children are also deprived from receiving national documents after it emerged that some officials from the ministry of home affairs ask for the documentation of the father who is not around" (para 15-16). The issue of absent fathers seems pervasive enough to be a common problem meaning that it is socially acceptable for men to abandon ...more
Jan. 2, 2015, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

Table 2.9 Birth Registration of Children under age 5. "If the child’s birth was not registered, the respondent was asked to give a reason. Among the small group of children age 0-59 months whose birth was not registered (2 percent), the main reasons given for non-registration were that a parent had no passport (21 percent) or the marriage was not registered (12 percent); 61 percent of respondents did not know the reason (data not shown separately)" (24-5)
Jan. 1, 2015, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"In 2013 the government was deliberating on whether to boost the divorce tax as a means of discouraging divorce and promoting family values. The protection of children and traditional family values was also the stated purpose for the enactment of a lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender propaganda law to prevent distribution of 'non-traditional sexual relationships' ideas among minors" (para 14)
Dec. 26, 2014, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"In Ethiopia marriage marks the point in a woman’s life when childbearing becomes socially acceptable. Age at first marriage has a major effect on childbearing because women who marry early have on average a longer period of exposure to the risk of pregnancy and give birth to a greater number of children over their lifetimes" (62)
Nov. 5, 2014, 6:46 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"One new mother named Chen said unmarried women have the right to choose whether or not to raise their child on their own and that out of wedlock births should be managed by the Marriage Law" (para 7)
May 26, 2014, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"The initial phase [of the introduction of tough Islamic criminal punishments] beginning on Thursday introduces fines or jail terms for offences ranging from indecent behaviour, failure to attend Friday prayers, and out-of-wedlock pregnancies" (para 7)
April 6, 2014, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Up until reforms enacted in 1998 and 1999, Guatemala’s Código Civil [Civil Code] reinforced stereotypical gender roles and legally codified inequality in the marital relationship. The Code provided: (1) the husband had the duty to protect and support his wife, while she had the right and duty to care for and raise minor children and oversee domestic tasks...(3) the husband alone was the legal representative of the married couple, as well as the sole administrator of the household financial resources and the family’s assets; and (4) the father was the sole legal representative of his children and the administrator of their assets even when parents had joint custody. Amendments to ...more