The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CBMC-PRACTICE-1

March 7, 2020, 6:39 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"For El Hadji Souley Moussa, a 60-year-old retired bank employee in Niger, 'marrying off a daughter when she is young is a source of great pride. This way, she is protected from pregnancy outside of marriage'" (para 1).
Dec. 14, 2019, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"'It's not too much of an exaggeration to say that people in Japan get married because they want to have kids,' said Mary C. Brinton, a professor of sociology at Harvard University who focuses on contempory Japan. 'If you're not going to have kids, there are fewer reasons to get married in Japan'" (para 42). The cultural attitude that couples marry primarily to have children suggests that Japanese society still values two-parent households (RO-CODER COMMENT).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Over 300 councils of mothers have been established under the People’s Assembly of Kazakhstan. In order to provide advisory services on family education issues, family education centres have been opened in eight regions. Since 2016, in order to enhance the role of fathers in the upbringing of children, a national fathers’ forum has been held every year. Through the efforts of 70 active fathers, the public association 'Fathers’ Union' has been established and is represented in eight regions" (19).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"In Comoran society, children born outside of marriage are not highly regarded" (page 61).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Annet Nyaburu is only 18 years old, but she is a mother of two boys, aged 4 and 3. At 13, she fell pregnant and dropped out of school after her mother, a widow, decided she was better off married to the father of her child to secure her future" (para 1).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about reports that a high number of children are not immediately registered at birth and that cumbersome procedures are in place for the registration of children above 5 years of age. It notes with concern reports of obstacles to the registration of the birth of children born out of wedlock, often resulting from the stigmatization faced by single mothers. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that all children born in the State party, including those born out of wedlock or in rural areas, are immediately registered at birth to enable them to gain access to citizenship, education and health, and that it take steps...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"On Jan. 14, the Turkish parliament established an investigative commission called 'Protecting the Integrity of Family,' with the purpose of investigating the causes of the skyrocketing divorce rates" (para 1). "The marriage will be observed for five years and if there is no physical violence then there will be no punishment. . . . Kesir said that when the men are jailed, the women and the children suffer" (para 5). "The report advocates that if the divorce court observes there is still hope for the couple and their marriage; they will be referred to work with family advisers" (para 13). (Coder comment: if the government deems it necessary to prevent...more
Sept. 21, 2017, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-PRACTICE-2

"This whole legal mess is rooted in laws that were written more than half a century ago, experts say. Back then, society didn't legally acknowledge parental rights for children who were born to unmarried women -- 'or, to use an antiquated term, "born out of wedlock,"' said Multnomah County, Oregon, Circuit Court Judge Katherine Tennyson, president of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. 'So traditionally, laws didn't take into account how was the child was conceived'"(para 27-28)."Attorney Shauna Prewitt, who also became pregnant from a rape and chose to raise her child, believes society has created a 'biased prototype ... that all pregnant, raped women hate their...more
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. ... in the United States it estimated that in the last few years approximately 25 percent of special needs adoption and 5 percent of adoptions were by single parents" (para 16).
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. In the United Kingdom 10 percent of all adoptions between 2012 and 2013 were done by single persons" (para 16).
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“The government in Burma is considering introducing a law that would see men jailed for up to seven years if they get a woman pregnant but do not marry her. A senior official said the legislation was being introduced as part of measures designed to strengthen women's rights” (para 1-2). “If the law successfully passes through parliament, it would mean men face a penalty of up to five years in prison if they refuse to marry a woman after they have lived together, and up to seven if she is pregnant” (para 4).
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"TBILISI, Georgia – The camera zooms in, panning across a marble mantle covered with family photos of three young boys and their happy, smiling parents, then stops on what studies have shown is a statistically uncommon sight in Georgia: A father – in this case Zviad Kvaratskhelia, best-selling author and publisher – sitting in his living room, spending the day alone with his kids – Nikoloz, age 5, Demetre, 3, and Alexandre, 1"(para 1)."'I had never spent time alone with my kids before. They found it bizarre at first to see me changing diapers and cooking for them,' says Zviad. 'But we mustn’t take our families for granted. We must...more
June 14, 2017, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and other government officials have argued that the new loophole is necessary to save pregnant teenagers from social ostracism. 'Our rural society is very cruel,' said Rebecca Momin, the head of the parliamentary committee on women and children. 'They will point their finger at the pregnant girl,' she said. 'She will be an outcast in school and elsewhere. People will say nasty things to the girl’s parents'" (para 5-7).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-DATA-1

"Virtually all births in Iraq occur within marriage, since extramarital childbearing is subject to strong cultural and religious sanctions" (9).
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“Marriage in Bangladesh marks the point in a woman’s life when childbearing becomes socially acceptable” (41).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“Most children who are living with a single parent live with their mother (38 percent) rather than their father (6 percent)” (263). “A high proportion of boys and girls age 12-14 are being looked after by their biological mothers (55 percent) when they are at home, 27 percent by their grandmother, and 26 percent by their biological fathers” (276). “Children who live with both parents are more likely to mention their mothers than their fathers as their caregivers (92 percent compared with 73 percent)” (276). “It is worth highlighting the role of grandmothers in giving care to children, even when both parents are still alive (21 percent). Half of children...more
July 27, 2016, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“The proportion of women who have never married affects fertility levels in a society like Bangladesh, where childbearing outside marriage is uncommon” (48). “Marriage in Bangladesh marks the point in a woman’s life when childbearing becomes socially acceptable” (50).
July 27, 2016, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“About 14 percent live with their mother only while the father is alive; a slightly higher proportion than observed in the 2008 SLDHS (10 percent)” (21). “Seven percent live with their father while the mother is alive; a slightly higher proportion (9 percent) was observed in 2008” (21).
July 27, 2016, 8:29 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"However, child marriage in America extends far beyond immigrant communities; it has been a longstanding practice in certain cases in which a girl becomes pregnant and there is a desire that the child have married parents" (para 27)
July 14, 2016, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"To close the gender gap in education and reduce the drop-out rate of girls, the Government of Rwanda has undertaken a variety of activities and strategies aimed at reducing pregnancy related school drop out of girls by addressing issues behind the dropping out of girls due to pregnancy as a major hindrance to girl’s education. In the past period, girls were penalized for their pregnancies because they were thought to be a corrupting influence on their peers" (17)
June 7, 2016, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Ms. Tsukamoto, whose legal married name is Kojima,...and her husband of 55 years registered their marriage decades ago only because they wished to prevent their three children from being born out of wedlock, which carries a strong stigma in Japan" (para 4)
March 2, 2016, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the country’s rapidly changing ways, Tunisia struggles to adapt its legislation to its modernizing society. In November 2011, 10 months after Tunisian dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled the country, Souad Abderrahim, a female representative of the Islamist party Ennahda, called single mothers a 'disgrace.' Her statement caused significant outrage in the media and on social networks. Articles were published in response on the award-winning collective blog Nawaat, while Tunisian activist Lina Ben Mhenni, a 2011 Nobel Peace Prize nominee, called Abderrahim’s declaration 'outrageous'" (para 5). "Most of the women who get pregnant outside of marriage prefer to run away from home to avoid scorn and humiliation from...more
Jan. 21, 2016, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

“The court in its ruling, noted the different interpretations on the marriageable age across different faiths, arguing that changing the marriageable age is part of the legislature's authority. It said progress in areas such as nutrition and technology may speed up a child's sexual drive, which 'should be channelled through legal marriage as ruled by religion, so that a child is not born out of wedlock.'” (para 12, 13).
Jan. 6, 2016, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: CUST-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-PRACTICE-2

"It (the 1916 Proclamation) resulted in the establishment of a network of institutions that illegally removed the parental rights of unmarried women as well as their basic human rights and liberty (and their children’s)" (para 2)
Jan. 2, 2016, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Though laws governing surrogacy have yet to be passed, the government outlined its position in an affidavit placed before the Supreme Court on Oct. 28. It said India 'does not support commercial surrogacy and the scope of surrogacy is limited to Indian married infertile couples only, and not to foreigners.' A previous order had already barred gay and unmarried couples and single people from hiring surrogates"(para 7). The inability of single people to hire surrogates indicates that the government and possibly society believes that both a father and a mother are necessary (ENB- Coder Comment)
Dec. 21, 2015, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2, MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"A few weeks after the National Constituent Assembly elections, Souad Abderrahim, the 'non-veiled' spokeswoman of the Islamic party Ennahda, said that 'single mothers are a disgrace to Tunisians and do not have the right to exist'. She added: 'In Arab-Muslim customs and traditions in Tunisia there are no room for full and absolute freedom…'. Such statements eventually paved the way for the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, calling for polygamy and Shariaa Law" (para 8)
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"...the Children’s Status Act states that children born outside of marriage should be treated in the same manner as children born inside of marriage. This includes matters of inheritance" (53)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Singles parenthood is not common; when a woman has a baby is within the marriage umbrella".
April 28, 2015, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Belarus, Comoros, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malaysia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-1, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"We have the honour to address you on behalf of Bangladesh, Belarus, the Comoros, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malaysia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, the Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Yemen, Uganda and Zimbabwe and to inform you of the establishment of the Group of Friends of the Family. The Group was established to work at the United Nations as an informal voluntary association of like- minded countries committed to the promotion of the family as the natural and fundamental group unit of society, entitled to protection by society and the State. The Group of Friends aims at promoting family-oriented policies and prioritizing...more
April 22, 2015, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: CBMC-PRACTICE-1

There is no stigma against single or unmarried mothers. In the recent presidential election, one of the candidates was a single mother. When one of her opponents tried to use that against her in a campaign, many people got very angry. The single mother ended up being elected as president. When a child is born to an unmarried couple, the father has to acknowledge that the child is his. He goes to a social office and signes some paperwork. Recently the law was changed so that unmarried fathers can make their official declarations at maternity clinics before the child is even born. When a couple is married, it is assumed...more