The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CL-LAW-1

Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-LAW-1

"No amendments or additions have been made to laws relating to labour and engagement in commercial activities that could affect a woman’s ability to manage her own business. The occupations of babysitter and companion for the elderly have been included among professions which the Ministry of Social Development supports through a programme to train women who apply for these occupations in coordination with the University of Nizwa" (Pg 38).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that time spent on the care of children or relatives is not computed towards pension benefits, which has a negative effect on women in particular, given that they are disproportionately involved in the aforementioned care" (pg 11).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"In June 2013, the FWA [The Fair Work Act 2009] was amended to include employees with caring responsibilities, parents with children who are school age or younger, employees with disability, mature employees, as well as those experiencing family violence, or caring for immediate family or members of their household as a result of family violence" (Pg 15). "There are two main forms of financial assistance for carers of people with disability, a severe medical condition, or who are frail aged. Carer Payment is available to people who, due to their caring role, are unable to support themselves through substantial workforce participation. Carer Allowance is a supplementary payment for people who...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"At the request of the pregnant woman, an employee who has children under the age of 14 years or disabled children (including under the employee’s guardianship/tutorship) or of the employee who takes care of a family member, in accordance with the medical certificate, the employer is obliged to establish part-time day or week of employment" (Pg 28). "In case of a disease of a child under the age of 7 years or of a child with disabilities with intercurrent disease under the age of 16 years, the benefits for taking care of a sick child are provided to the mother for a period of up to 14 calendar days (for...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"In order to make it easier for women and men to be able to combine work and family life the Government has introduced a tax reduction for expenditure for household work" (page 45).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-LAW-1

"Mothers who have children disabled since birth and who raised those children to the age of eight have a right to begin receiving a pension five years before the standard retirement age (which is 55), and women who have at least 20 years on the job have a right to retire at age 54" (38)
Feb. 1, 2016, 12:05 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"JICA corporation: Project in Thailand. Wanted to develop community-based integrated health care and social welfare and long term care, integrated service model. CTOP: promotes participation of elderly men and women in the community. Strengthens network in the community for elderly men and women living alone. Project #1, Project on the Development of a Community Based Integrated Health Care and Social Welfare Services Model for Older Persons. ‘Integrated Service Model'. Example of a pilot project (Bang sit thong): TAO owned Rehabilitation Center-TAO=Thai temple), the rehabilitation center is a kind of multi-purpose center which provides various services for elderly with different needs and conditions. Volunteer workers at the center are technically supported...more
Nov. 23, 2015, 1:14 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, CL-LAW-1

"Thailand is one of the fastest aging countries in Asia (22 years from 7%(2001)-14%(2023 expected)). As of 2013, sex ratio is 81 (81 males per 100 females). Situation of the Thai Elderly 2013 *TGRI chart. Shows that women outnumber men in older societies. A project in Thailand wanted to develop community-based integrated health care and social welfare and long term care, integrated service model. The project (CTOP) promotes participation of elderly men and women in the community and strengthens the network in the community for elderly men and women living alone as well as the caretakers. Project on the Development of a Community Based Integrated Health Care and Social Welfare...more
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"The Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare provides an old age pension of N$500 per month to persons aged 60 and above. This is an increase from N$250 as previously reported" (47)
June 10, 2015, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"The Pension Law (1994) supported by the social insurance fund, offers a retirement package to employees (men over the age of 60 years and women 55) who served for 20 years minimum. Women who raised four or more children and contributed to the pension fund for not less than 20 years are entitled to retire at the age of 50" (page 18). Women in rural areas have been contributing an average 12-14 hours of unpaid daily work to family welfare and household businesses. The government is working on the possibilities of including herder women and men in the social insurance coverage on a voluntary basis" (page 21).
April 3, 2015, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"Disabled persons receive only €40 per month and have little to access to the labour market. When it comes to internships, disabled people feel that they are not included because employers would need to modify their work places" (18)
Feb. 10, 2015, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: CL-LAW-1

The government does not provide any benefits to caretakers of the elderly or handicapped.
Dec. 17, 2014, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"The AUH is a cash transfer to parents who are unemployed or work in the informal sector of the economy. The allowance is conditional on school attendance and keeping up-to-date on vaccines and medical checkups. The programme, introduced by President Cristina Fernandez in 2009, expanded the child allowance already received by formal sector workers. The AUH currently amounts to 460 pesos (83 dollars) a month per child under 18 and 1,500 pesos (272 dollars) per disabled son or daughter of any age" (para. 6-7)
Nov. 14, 2014, 9:49 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CL-LAW-1

“Women spend 35 hours/week in household activities and caring for children and elderly in India. but that’s not effort 'worth' counting in the national income.” This text occurs at 4:33 (Coder Comment-SPS).
Sept. 3, 2014, 6:32 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"Tracy Murphy was managing a nonprofit agency five years ago when her mother became seriously ill with heart problems. She promptly left her job to care for her, a task that has consumed Ms. Murphy ever since. 'For me, it was a no-brainer,' said Ms. Murphy, who lives in Syracuse. 'When I was growing up she sacrificed for me.' Ms. Murphy, 54, set aside her career aspirations, drained her savings account and eventually sold her gold jewelry to help make ends meet while shuttling her mother, who is 85, to doctors’ appointments and running errands. 'I always felt like I can find another job eventually — but I only have...more
Aug. 4, 2014, 10:14 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"Another very important and useful article in this law is Article 23 which addresses the meaning and valuation of unpaid work. According to this article '1. Unpaid work by women and men shall be considered as a contribution made to the family and the society in the cases when they: a. Take care of the wellbeing of the family; b. Take care of the children; c. Take care of other members of the family; ç. Work in agriculture or in the household economy.' In these cases these individuals benefit from services in the community, labour and employment policies, as well as professional development pursuant to the legislation in power" (29)more
June 27, 2013, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"Through public assistance, a care allowance may be provided to a family member who is obliged to withdraw from employment, in order to care for a dependent elderly relative" (28). " Due to the great success of this project and within the context of the 2007–2013 programming period of the EU Structural Fund, the SWS are implementing a project entitled 'Provision of Services for Covering Social Care within the Framework of Family and Employment Reconciliation'. Within the framework of this Project, the SWS will subsidize the cost of day care for children, elderly or persons with disabilities. Beneficiaries of the Project are women who are responsible for the care of...more
Sept. 27, 2012, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"Women also have the same rights as men in New Zealand to access financial credit, and to participate in recreational activities, sports and aspects of cultural life. Women are more likely than men to undertake unpaid care for others. Women volunteer their time more than men, and in different areas" (34)
July 23, 2012, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CL-LAW-1

Additional Family Leave pay is 100% and duration is 5 days. This is leave to care of an ill dependent. funding is by general taxation (CHB-CODER COMMENT) (87)
July 23, 2012, 9:41 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: CL-LAW-1

Additional Family Leave pay is 70%/workers taking parental leave are entitled to a tax deduction of about half the minimum wage per hour, duration 10 days leave to care for a sick close relative. Additional parental leave available, with length based on number of working hours. funding by unemployment fund/ employer (CHB-CODER COMMENT) (87)
July 23, 2012, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CL-LAW-1

Additional Family leave: Leave to care for seriously ill or disabled famly member. Amount of pay depends on length of employment and family circumstances. Duration is 3 years. Funded by social security/health insurance/family allowance fund (CHB-CODER COMMENT) (86)
June 27, 2012, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"Law 509 of 1999 gives social security for community mothers (women who take care of children and are paid by local government)" (300)
May 22, 2012, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"These women who often choose to look after their children, sick and/or elderly relatives in their own homes are effectively overlooked. They are not registered as unemployed nor as workers, are omitted from government statistics and build up no pension rights. Yet the economic and social value of the work that they do is undeniable" (18)
May 10, 2012, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"Very often women are the receivers and providers of care. This latter role of unpaid service is reinforced by the promotion of civic commitment – cf. 6th Periodic Report, Chapter 12.10 on the Supplementary Act on the Provision of Long-Term Care (PflEG) – and the statute of 2008 on the structural development of care insurance (PfWG) which recognises periods spent as a carer. Care insurance now provides a degree of social security, but this does not cover all eventualities and it cannot compensate for the loss of income suffered when a caring relative reduces or gives up her paid employment. This can actually contribute to age-related poverty" (28)more
April 26, 2012, 6:06 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"Unmarried women over 35 who support members of their family are also eligible for state housing assistance" (23)
Feb. 13, 2012, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"For single men and women, they may receive a CPF housing grant of S$11,000 to buy a resale flat. Starting 1 April 2008, this CPF housing grant has been increased to S$20,000 for singles who wish to purchase a resale flat to live with their parents. This is a pro-family initiative to encourage family togetherness and support children in caring for their parents" (68)
Dec. 19, 2011, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"If a person takes care of a disabled person at home, that person is insured for the basic part of the state social insurance pension, with the state budget funds. It has been proposed that such persons should be insured for the whole state social insurance pension and covered by the unemployment social insurance from 1 January 2008" (40)
Nov. 25, 2011, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"There are pension privileges also for mothers of disabled children: their pension age is also reduced by five years and the required period of service by two years" (4)
Sept. 16, 2011, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"No, there aren’t any benefits for the unpaid caretakers of the elderly and handicapped in general. However, the law that regulates retirement determines that the mother whose child is handicapped (mentally or physically) has the right to receive her pension at anytime without having reunited the requisites the law establishes, such as age and worked weeks"
June 10, 2011, 6:59 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"The Australian Government had progressively reviewed its social security programmes. The objectives for women receiving family allowances and other forms of assistance were to reduce dependency on government income while facilitating opportunities for women through developments in other areas, to accord priority for women with low incomes, to ensure that family assistance reached mothers and to ensure adequate access to services" (8)