The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CL-PRACTICE-2

April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"That the very low investment in social welfare programmes for the poorest households and for the care work for persons with disabilities within the family has a disproportionate impact on women" (12).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"Son is seen as the rightful heir of ancestral property; he is the one to continue the family lineage and provides support to the elderly in old age" (114). "Moreover, claim to share in ancestral property brings along the obligation to care for the aged parents. In wake of their own marriage commitments and adhering to the traditional values of society taking care of parents is considered the liability of a son, hence the share belongs exclusively to him" (115). "the patriarchal social structure attribute son's as rightful heirs to parents property as well as care takers of them during their old age" (117).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions and patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society, especially those portraying women as caregivers. The Committee notes that such stereotypes contribute to an increase in the practices of child and/or forced marriage, abduction of girls and polygamy and hence to the disadvantaged and unequal status of women in society. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To intensify media and other efforts to educate the public and raise awareness about existing sex-based stereotypes that persist at all levels of society, with a view to ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"State priority in the current PIEG is the promotion of co-responsibility in the care of children, those with disabilities and older adults. This has been seen as a need to achieve real equality within families and promote the development of all capacities of women in the public domain" (31). The fact that the state is gettting involved indicates that previously there has been problems with care being considered the main responsbility of women. Government involvement is seeking to correct this bias and make the care of children, elder, and disabled a more equtiable situation (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-PRACTICE-2

"Women constitute majority of the labour force in family and commercial farms in Kenya. For example, women continue to mitigate and respond to disease challenges at the community level by providing community and home-based care. However these contributions have continued to go unrecognized due to the manner in which GDP is calculated" (30).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-PRACTICE-2

"The social assistance system, both in its classical form, and in its current structure is based on a patriarchal society model, where women are paid neither for taking care of old persons, children and ill persons, nor for involvement in civic and community activities. This model, based on the idea that family income consists of both paid work and unpaid care, clearly limits the social, economic and political participation of women, who are mainly providers of unpaid care" (Pg 38-39).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"[women] stay inside longer and shoulder the responsibility for caring for children and the elderly" (61).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"An equal distribution of unpaid care and household work. Women and men are to take the same responsibility for household work and have the same opportunities to give and receive care on equal terms" (page 4). "The Dignity Reform, which was introduced in 2010, has strengthened the position of the individual by demanding that the interventions offered shall give older people the opportunity of living a dignified life. The requirement in Chapter 5, Section 10 of the Social Services Act that municipalities shall support relatives and close friends, gives women in particular a stronger position and less risk of being left alone with an extensive care commitment. The right introduced ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"The labor that keeps the women in the Niger Delta busy tends to be care work—looking after children, the elderly, the ill—as well as cooking and cleaning"(para 3)."Female farmers, fishers and herbalists of riverine villages relied on fresh water not only for their businesses and livelihoods, but also to perform daily tasks. Take something as simple as doing laundry. Women who previously washed clothes by the river now have to collect rainwater in buckets to do their washing, stretching this task several hours. In other words, instead of spending time doing work that could earn them money or going to school, or participating in a job training program, women now ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"Tens of thousands of women over 50 are being left on the jobless scrapheap years before retirement because they are forced to care for elderly, sick or disabled people in their family" (para 1). "Almost one in four women aged between 50-64 care for elderly, sick or disabled people – with some 153,000 women approaching retirement claiming Carers Allowance – compared to just 87,000 men" (para 5).
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Son you should focus on your studies instead of wasting your time playing on your phone at all times. You need to study hard! After all, you will be the one who shall take care of us when we are old and eventually inherit our property". The father tells his son this at 0:01. He also has a daughter (ENB-Coder Comment)
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

Table 3.2 shows that, on average, 14.4% of women live with a person with a disability in 2013 (91)
April 25, 2017, 5:22 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"An increasing number of Japanese, especially women, are choosing to terminate legal relations with in-laws after the death of a spouse. With Japan’s graying society leaving more and more elderly requiring nursing care, the decision to break ties is becoming more prevalent as surviving spouses look to break tradition and be freed from the burden of caring for aged in-laws" (1-2). "There is no legal requirement for surviving spouses to provide nursing care to in-laws, making the cutting of ties for that reason a more symbolic decision. But women often do it because it provides peace of mind and an escape from what is a traditional Japanese family responsibility" (12). ...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-PRACTICE-2

"Once married, the new bride cannot return to visit her parents without permission, which is given sparingly, so that the bonds to her old home will weaken. She must show her submission to the new family: She is not allowed to speak the names of her in-laws, because it is seen as too familiar, and in some places she is not allowed to use words that begin with the same letters as her in-laws’ names, requiring the invention of a large parallel vocabulary. Each morning, before she is allowed to eat, the daughter-in-law must wash the feet of her husband’s parents and then drink the water she has used to ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"There are perceptions that men are better off than women are as far as the ability to work is concerned and only men can look after their parents. That is why girls are subject to discrimination from their births. In addition, son preferences in the traditional Bangladeshi society create gender discrimination. In the case of employment, the employers in Bangladesh still tend to employ men first rather than women" (7,16).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"In Chinese homes, the shift raises questions about family ties and filial responsibilities. For example, married couples in China traditionally care for aging parents. Wu Jingjing, 29, can see the burden that the aging population could be for her generation. 'There’s a group of people who will feel very much crushed by being in the middle layer, being the pillar of a family while raising both the children and their parents,' said Ms. Wu, who works for an internet company. 'I think that sense of collapse will happen in 10 or 20 years.' Her mother worries about who will care for her daughter if she does not marry. 'We can ...more
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern that there is a lack of information on the situation of elderly women and women with disabilities who suffer multiple forms of discrimination and are less likely to have access to basic services, including education, employment and health care" (13)
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

“One important topic was identifying the person who cares for the child at home. Grandmothers play an important role in taking care of children, even when both parents are still alive (21 percent). Their role is even greater when the child is orphaned (37 percent)” (xxvii).
Aug. 23, 2016, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"There is no mechanism established by the State yet to provide assistance to disabled people. Disabled women and children remain the sole responsibility of their families" (54).
July 28, 2016, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2, CUST-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1

“There were no effective mechanisms to enforce child support laws, and women generally bore the major responsibility for raising children” (25).
July 19, 2016, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: China, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"A recent survey of long-term care arrangements in China, Mexico, Nigeria and Peru found that the principal caregivers of care-dependent older people with dementia were mostly women—daughters or daughters-in-law as well as spouses—and that many of them had cut back on paid work in order to provide unpaid care and domestic" (175).
May 31, 2016, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"The traditional belief of women as the better care givers still prevail strong which is still a concern" (41).
April 18, 2016, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-PRACTICE-2

"The End of Life Strategy, currently in the very early stages of preparation, will specifically include consideration of the disproportionate burden of End of Life care which falls on women, and how the adverse effects of that burden can be minimised or eliminated" (4)
Feb. 24, 2016, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"Since the 1980s a smaller proportion of elderly people receive publicly funded elderly care, while the burden on relatives has increased. 114,000 middle-aged women and 75,000 men had their income reduced due to caring for relatives. Daughters of elderly parents with low educational levels are the group that increased their unpaid contribution most" (31)
Jan. 27, 2016, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"A significant number of women in Canada (1.2 million) are caring for both ailing parents and children at the same time. Women make up 54 percent of unpaid caregivers in Canada. The majority of women report spending 2–9 hours per week providing care for a family member or friend with an illness or disability. Women are far more likely than men to cite family care work as the reason for part-time employment, with 16 percent of women who work part time doing so, compared to three percent of men" (10). "More than 80% of unmarried Aboriginal women raise their children alone, without financial support from the child’s father. Many Aboriginal ...more