The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCC-LAW-1

April 19, 2019, 10:23 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Nationality derives from birth within the country’s territory, from birth to government employees in service abroad, or from birth to a citizen residing temporarily outside the country" (p. 17).
April 18, 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child acquires citizenship automatically when the parents are citizens, when the parents of children born in the country’s territory are unknown or stateless, or when the parents are foreigners whose countries of origin do not recognize the citizenship of their children born abroad. Citizenship is also granted if a child is abandoned in the country and in cases of adoption" (P. 14).
April 18, 2019, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law on citizenship and residency provides that citizenship transmits to a child when either the father or mother has Surinamese citizenship at the time of birth, when the parent is Surinamese but has died before birth, or if the child is born in the country’s territory and does not automatically acquire citizenship of another country" (13).
April 17, 2019, 9:19 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship by birth within the country and from their parents" (p. 24).
April 15, 2019, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship by birth in the country, from the citizenship of their parents, or by naturalization" (p. 24).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"With regard to nationality, men and women are treated equally with regard to acquiring citizenship" (8).
April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is acquired through birth in the country, birth to an Ecuadorian mother or father abroad, or by naturalization." (p. 23).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child’s status derives from a parent’s status; if one of the parents is an Israeli citizen and the other is not, the child may be registered as Israeli as long as he or she lives with the parent who is an Israeli citizen or permanent resident" (39).
April 10, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children born in the country attain citizenship if either parent is a citizen or legal permanent resident of the country. Children born outside the country attain citizenship if either parent is a citizen born in the country. The law requires notification of births by both parents as soon as “reasonably practicable,” deemed as being within two months of the child’s birth, and most births were registered within this period" (p. 8).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law states, 'Any foreigner who marries an Iranian woman without the permission of the Iranian government will be sentenced to two to five years in prison plus a cash penalty.' Furthermore, authorities only considered children born from such unions eligible for citizenship if the child’s father is a citizen and registers the child as his, leaving many children stateless" (27). "Women may not directly transmit citizenship to their children or to noncitizen spouses. Only children born to Iranian mothers and non-Iranian fathers who reside in Iran for 18 years and whose parents’ marriage is officially registered with the government are eligible to apply for citizenship. According to media reports,...more
April 9, 2019, 7:26 a.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory and/or through one’s parents" (p. 11).
April 8, 2019, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory and from one’s parents" (p. 11).
April 5, 2019, 8:26 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child born in the UK receives the country’s citizenship at birth if one of the parents is a UK citizen or a legally settled resident. Children born in Northern Ireland may opt for UK, Irish, or dual citizenship. A child born in an overseas territory is a UK overseas territories citizen if at least one of the child’s parents has citizenship" (p. 16).
April 5, 2019, 7:53 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derived citizenship both by birth within the country’s territory and from one’s parents" (p. 27.).
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Women married to noncitizens may not transmit citizenship to their children and cannot sponsor their noncitizen husband’s or children’s presence in the country. The law provides for transmission of citizenship at birth if the father is a citizen; if the mother is a citizen and the father is unknown; or if a child of unknown parents is found in the country... Children from a marriage between an Omani woman and a non-Omani man are not eligible for citizenship and are vulnerable to being stateless" (14). "Citizenship is derived from the father. Women married to noncitizens may not transmit citizenship to their children, and there were a few reported cases of...more
April 2, 2019, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship from one or both parents" (p. 10).
April 1, 2019, 7:43 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory and from one’s parents or grandparents. Births are registered immediately" (p. 10).
April 1, 2019, 7:42 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship can be derived from either the mother or the father. Births are registered promptly" (p. 12).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"By law, citizenship derives from parents at birth or from birth within the country’s territory if the parents are unknown or if the child cannot claim the parents’ citizenship" (48).
March 28, 2019, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Although the constitution allows all citizens to travel anywhere within the country, changes of residence to Havana were restricted" (p. 19).
March 28, 2019, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is normally derived by birth within the country’s territory, and births were generally registered promptly. Those who emigrate abroad and have children must request a Cuban passport for the child before reentering Cuba" (p. 23).
March 27, 2019, 6:35 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Most children acquire citizenship from their parents. Stateless persons and certain persons born in the country to noncitizens may acquire citizenship by naturalization, provided, in most cases, that they apply for citizenship before their 21st birthday" (p. 10).
March 22, 2019, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is governed by the principle of descent, according to which a father or mother who is a citizen automatically conveys citizenship to offspring at birth. The law allows for citizenship via naturalization and, as of 2008, allows dual citizenship. Citizenship for minor children is automatically conveyed when a parent naturalizes" (9).
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived through one’s parents. A child born of a citizen father or mother, regardless of the child’s place of birth, may derive citizenship" (24).
March 22, 2019, 8:47 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived both by birth within the country’s territory and from one’s parents. Births are registered immediately and are not denied or not provided on a discriminatory basis" (p. 12).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship solely from their father. Because women cannot confer nationality on their children, an unknown number of children whose fathers were missing or deceased due to the continuing conflict were at risk of statelessness. Mothers could not pass citizenship to children born outside the country, including in neighboring countries operating refugee camps" (para 168). "Personal status, retirement, citizenship, and social security laws discriminate against women" (para 197). "Children derive citizenship solely from their father" (para 205).
March 20, 2019, 11:36 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for citizenship by birth within the country to a citizen parent or a foreign parent ordinarily resident in the country, or to those born outside the country to citizen parents" (11).
March 20, 2019, 7:36 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children are citizens if at least one parent is a citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth. Children born in the country to parents who are not citizens or permanent residents acquire citizenship on their 10th birthday, if they lived the majority of their life within the country. Failure to register does not result in denial of public services. In general births were registered promptly" (p. 13).
March 19, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In most cases persons derive citizenship from their parents, but the law also allows citizenship based on birth in the country if one parent has been a resident for at least eight years or has had a permanent residence permit for at least three years. Parents or guardians have the responsibility to apply for registration for newborn children. Once officials receive registration applications, they generally process them expeditiously. Parents who fail to register their child’s birth may be subject to a fine" (p. 18 - 19)
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children born to North Korean defectors in China were often undocumented and stateless, neither recognized as Chinese citizens nor DPRK defectors. While they can eventually obtain citizenship and may have access to education in defector- oriented schools, the children are not eligible to receive the financial benefits that accompany official defector status. As a result, many defectors leave their stateless children behind in China, where they are particularly vulnerable to abuse and exploitation" (14). "Citizenship requires one parent be a citizen at the time of birth. Authorities also grant citizenship in circumstances where parentage is unclear or if the child would otherwise be stateless. The law requires that all children...more