The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCC-LAW-1

Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Qatar allows men to pass citizenship to their spouses and children, whereas children of Qatari women and non-citizen men can only apply for citizenship under narrow conditions, which discriminates against Qatari women married to foreigners, and their children and spouses" (para 11). "In September 2018, Qatar passed a permanent residency law that for the first time provides that children of Qatari women married to non-Qatari men, among others, can apply for permanent residency allowing them to receive government health and educational services, to invest in the economy, and own real estate. However, the law falls short of granting women equal rights to men in conferring nationality to their children and...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Kuwaiti women married to non-Kuwaitis, cannot pass citizenship to their children or spouses, unlike Kuwaiti men" (para 19).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 11 of the 2015 Constitution of Nepal confers a fundamentally inferior legal status on women, by preventing them from passing citizenship to their children according to the same terms as Nepali men" (para 15).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Unlike men, women cannot pass their citizenship to their children and foreign spouses" (para 3).
Aug. 30, 2020, 7 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Bahraini family laws discriminate against women in the right to divorce, inherit, and transmit Bahraini nationality to their children on an equal basis to men, and deprive their children of the right to obtain citizenship on an equal basis with children of Bahraini men" (para 21).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Iranian women, unlike men, cannot pass on their nationality to their foreign-born spouses or their children. However, after more than a decade of women’s rights activism, on October 2, the Guardian Council, a body of 12 Islamic jurists, finally approved an amended law that the Iranian parliament had passed on March 13, that now allows Iranian women married to men with foreign nationality to request Iranian citizenship for their children under age 18. A child who has already turned 18 could directly request Iranian citizenship. The law, however, required the Intelligence Ministry and the Intelligence Organization of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) to certify that there is no “'ecurity...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 9 of Jordan's nationality law does not allow Jordanian women married to non-Jordanian spouses to pass on their nationality to their spouse and children. In 2014, authorities issued a cabinet decision purporting to ease restrictions on non-citizen children of Jordanian women access to key economic and social rights, but the easing fell short of expectations. In 2019, as part of an overhaul of the country's labor law, authorities exempted non-citizen children of Jordanian women from work permit requirements, but many professions in Jordan remained closed to non-Jordanians" (para 18).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides for citizenship by birth (if at least one parent is a permanent resident or citizen), descent, and naturalization. Nevertheless, registration of births was inconsistent, especially in remote rural areas or among parents who were unregistered foreign nationals" (26).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Women have equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children" (16).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 79 of the aforementioned law establishes that the children of Guatemalans born outside the national territory, even if their Guatemalan nationality has not been determined, shall be granted permission to enter Guatemala or a permit shall be stamped in their parents’ passport. A female foreign national who marries a Guatemalan outside the Republic and for that reason loses her nationality shall be granted the aforementioned permit, for which a statement by her shall suffice" (25). "To ensure equality in all its dimensions, the legal framework enacted by the Congress of the Republic in 2010 reforms the Civil Code, which contained provisions approved by heads of State in past decades....more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth in the country, although for children born abroad after 2000, citizenship may be derived by descent if either the mother or the father is a citizen and the child is registered with the proper authorities" (42).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"According to the country’s nationality law, the father transmits citizenship to children" (22). "Citizenship is derived exclusively from the father, resulting in statelessness for children of a citizen mother and a noncitizen father when registration under the father’s nationality is not possible" (23). "Nationality law also discriminates against women, who may not confer citizenship to their spouses and children, although widows may confer citizenship to their minor children" (29). "Citizenship is derived exclusively from the father, which may result in statelessness for children of a citizen mother and noncitizen father who may not transmit his own citizenship. If a child’s birth is not registered within the first year, the process...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Yemeni women may confer citizenship on children born of a foreign-born father if the child is born in the country" (30).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child acquires citizenship at birth if at least one parent is a citizen, regardless of where the birth took place. Children born or found in the country whose parents were unknown or stateless are also citizens. The government has a system of universal birth registration immediately after birth" (19).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived through an individual’s parents; only one parent of either sex is necessary to transmit citizenship" (19).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, LO-PRACTICE-1

"Women in urban areas experienced less overt discrimination but did not enjoy pay or access to employment and credit on an equal basis with men" (21).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship from their parents. Birth within the territory of the country does not automatically confer citizenship, although exceptions exist for children born of missing or stateless parents, or children born of foreign parents, at least one of whom was also born in the country. The government does not require registration of births; it is up to parents to request birth registration for a child" (24).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship by birth to at least one citizen parent, regardless of where the child is born" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth in the country or outside if either of the child’s parents or one grandparent is a citizen" (p. 17).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship by birth within the country, marriage, naturalization, or parental heritage" (p. 17).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship solely from their father. Because women cannot confer nationality on their children, an unknown number of children whose fathers were missing or deceased due to the continuing conflict were at risk of statelessness. Mothers could not pass citizenship to children born outside the country, including in neighboring countries operating refugee camps" (Pg 41). "Children derive citizenship solely from their father. In large areas of the country where civil registries were not functioning, authorities did not register births. The government did not register the births of Kurdish noncitizen residents, including stateless Kurds (see section 2.d., Stateless Persons). Failure to register resulted in deprivation of services, such as diplomas...more
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country or from citizen parents" (p. 9).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The constitution does not allow women to convey citizenship to their children independent of the citizenship of the child’s father (see section 2.d.) and has no specific provision for naturalization of foreign husbands married to Nepali wives. According to the constitution, citizenship is derived from one Nepali parent, but a child born to a Nepali woman and a foreign citizen father may obtain citizenship only through naturalization. The constitution also states that children of unknown fathers may obtain citizenship through their mothers. Despite a 2011 Supreme Court decision that permits applicants to seek citizenship through either their father or mother, in practice many have been denied citizenship due to lack...more
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship by birth within the country’s territory or through either parent" (p. 13).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child’s citizenship derives from its parents" (p. 30).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Although citizenship is automatically inherited from citizen fathers, citizen mothers may pass their nationality to their children only through an application process in which children are first issued a COI (and considered stateless)" p. 16).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived through birth to a citizen parent" (p. 19).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The constitution states that citizenship derives from the parents" (p. 35).
July 13, 2019, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is conferred through one’s parents and not by birth in the country. At least one parent must be a citizen to transmit citizenship" (p. 17).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"According to the Constitution and the Law on Nationality (Chapter 1, Article 1 and Chapter 2, Article 4), all women, regardless of nationality, living legally in Cambodia have the right to register the birth of their child and apply for citizenship for their newborn. All births are to be registered with the commune/sangkat office within 30 days of being born. Children not registered within 30 days of being born can receive a birth certification under national guidelines, which affords children the same rights as a birth registration. The Birth Registration Guidelines and Birth Certification procedures stipulate the processes to be followed, the necessary requirements and the proper documentation needed" (22).more