The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCC-LAW-1

Jan. 18, 2021, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In late July, Saudi Arabia’s Council of Ministers promulgated landmark amendments to the three laws that will begin to dismantle the country’s discriminatory male guardianship system. [ . . . ] The reforms also included important advances for women on civil status issues, whereby a woman can now register her children’s births with the civil status office, which was previously restricted to fathers or paternal relatives, as well as inform the office of a death, marriage, or divorce. The changes allow women, along with their husbands, to be considered a “head of household” with respect to their children, which should improve Saudi women’s ability to conduct government business on their...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Top leaders of major political parties have committed to change the 'and' provision into 'or' allowing either of the parents to pass on citizenship to their children. A draft provision on citizenship , which is already approved by the Political Dialogue Consensus Committee (PDCC) in the new constitution states that both the mother and father have to be Nepalis for their child to be a citizen of the country...Prime Minister and Nepali Congress President Sushil Koirala, CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and UCPN (Maoist) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal made the commitment jointly that the provision would be amended to guarantee citizenship in the name of mother as well. PDCC chairperson...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The former laws of the Islamic Republic only allowed men to pass nationality, so children of foreign national fathers and Iranian women were not considered Iranian. But, with the new law which will goes into effect in two weeks, women will confer their nationality to their children like men" (para 4). "'I can't forget how terribly I was shocked when after my marriage I realized my children could not get Iranian ID despite the fact that I was Iranian,' Samaneh's mother said. 'I felt I wasn't a full person' (para 10). "Khaleghzadeh has a 25-year-old undocumented pregnant daughter, also married to an undocumented Afghan refugee, who does not have a...more
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Bahraini nationality is transmitted through the male line" (5). "It is extremely difficult for Bahraini women to convey their Bahrani citizenship to their children, foreign born spouses, and stateless spouses" (5-6). "Article 9 of CEDAW does make provision for women to pass on their citizenship to their children. However, the Bahraini government have so far only extended this provision in extremely limited circumstances through exceptional royal decrees. The slow implementation of CEDAW, and the failure to implement a law allowing women to pass on their Bahraini citizenship, approved by the Bahraini cabinet in 2014, demonstrates the extreme reluctance of the Bahraini authorities to permit women to transmit their Bahraini citizenship...more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"According to the third paragraph of Article 53 of RA Family Code ‘In case parents are living separately, place of residence of the child is decided based on the agreement of the parents. In case of the absence of the agreement, the argument between the parents is solved by Court. The Court takes into account the best interests of the child and the child` opinion if s/he has attained the age of 10’" (43).
Oct. 6, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Under Eswatini law, mothers are not permitted to confer their citizenship to their children under the same conditions as fathers. Eswatini's Constitution stipulates that any child born inside or outside Eswatini prior to 2005 to at least one Eswatini parent acquires Eswatini citizenship by descent. However, children born after 2005 only acquire Eswatini citizenship from their fathers, unless the child was born out of wedlock and has not been claimed by the father in accordance with customary law" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Qatar allows men to pass citizenship to their spouses and children, whereas children of Qatari women and non-citizen men can only apply for citizenship under narrow conditions, which discriminates against Qatari women married to foreigners, and their children and spouses" (para 11). "In September 2018, Qatar passed a permanent residency law that for the first time provides that children of Qatari women married to non-Qatari men, among others, can apply for permanent residency allowing them to receive government health and educational services, to invest in the economy, and own real estate. However, the law falls short of granting women equal rights to men in conferring nationality to their children and...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Kuwaiti women married to non-Kuwaitis, cannot pass citizenship to their children or spouses, unlike Kuwaiti men" (para 19).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 11 of the 2015 Constitution of Nepal confers a fundamentally inferior legal status on women, by preventing them from passing citizenship to their children according to the same terms as Nepali men" (para 15).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Unlike men, women cannot pass their citizenship to their children and foreign spouses" (para 3).
Aug. 30, 2020, 7 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Bahraini family laws discriminate against women in the right to divorce, inherit, and transmit Bahraini nationality to their children on an equal basis to men, and deprive their children of the right to obtain citizenship on an equal basis with children of Bahraini men" (para 21).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Iranian women, unlike men, cannot pass on their nationality to their foreign-born spouses or their children. However, after more than a decade of women’s rights activism, on October 2, the Guardian Council, a body of 12 Islamic jurists, finally approved an amended law that the Iranian parliament had passed on March 13, that now allows Iranian women married to men with foreign nationality to request Iranian citizenship for their children under age 18. A child who has already turned 18 could directly request Iranian citizenship. The law, however, required the Intelligence Ministry and the Intelligence Organization of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) to certify that there is no “'ecurity...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 9 of Jordan's nationality law does not allow Jordanian women married to non-Jordanian spouses to pass on their nationality to their spouse and children. In 2014, authorities issued a cabinet decision purporting to ease restrictions on non-citizen children of Jordanian women access to key economic and social rights, but the easing fell short of expectations. In 2019, as part of an overhaul of the country's labor law, authorities exempted non-citizen children of Jordanian women from work permit requirements, but many professions in Jordan remained closed to non-Jordanians" (para 18).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides for citizenship by birth (if at least one parent is a permanent resident or citizen), descent, and naturalization. Nevertheless, registration of births was inconsistent, especially in remote rural areas or among parents who were unregistered foreign nationals" (26).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Women have equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children" (16).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 79 of the aforementioned law establishes that the children of Guatemalans born outside the national territory, even if their Guatemalan nationality has not been determined, shall be granted permission to enter Guatemala or a permit shall be stamped in their parents’ passport. A female foreign national who marries a Guatemalan outside the Republic and for that reason loses her nationality shall be granted the aforementioned permit, for which a statement by her shall suffice" (25). "To ensure equality in all its dimensions, the legal framework enacted by the Congress of the Republic in 2010 reforms the Civil Code, which contained provisions approved by heads of State in past decades....more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth in the country, although for children born abroad after 2000, citizenship may be derived by descent if either the mother or the father is a citizen and the child is registered with the proper authorities" (42).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"According to the country’s nationality law, the father transmits citizenship to children" (22). "Citizenship is derived exclusively from the father, resulting in statelessness for children of a citizen mother and a noncitizen father when registration under the father’s nationality is not possible" (23). "Nationality law also discriminates against women, who may not confer citizenship to their spouses and children, although widows may confer citizenship to their minor children" (29). "Citizenship is derived exclusively from the father, which may result in statelessness for children of a citizen mother and noncitizen father who may not transmit his own citizenship. If a child’s birth is not registered within the first year, the process...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Yemeni women may confer citizenship on children born of a foreign-born father if the child is born in the country" (30).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child acquires citizenship at birth if at least one parent is a citizen, regardless of where the birth took place. Children born or found in the country whose parents were unknown or stateless are also citizens. The government has a system of universal birth registration immediately after birth" (19).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived through an individual’s parents; only one parent of either sex is necessary to transmit citizenship" (19).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, LO-PRACTICE-1

"Women in urban areas experienced less overt discrimination but did not enjoy pay or access to employment and credit on an equal basis with men" (21).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship from their parents. Birth within the territory of the country does not automatically confer citizenship, although exceptions exist for children born of missing or stateless parents, or children born of foreign parents, at least one of whom was also born in the country. The government does not require registration of births; it is up to parents to request birth registration for a child" (24).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship by birth to at least one citizen parent, regardless of where the child is born" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth in the country or outside if either of the child’s parents or one grandparent is a citizen" (p. 17).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship by birth within the country, marriage, naturalization, or parental heritage" (p. 17).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship solely from their father. Because women cannot confer nationality on their children, an unknown number of children whose fathers were missing or deceased due to the continuing conflict were at risk of statelessness. Mothers could not pass citizenship to children born outside the country, including in neighboring countries operating refugee camps" (Pg 41). "Children derive citizenship solely from their father. In large areas of the country where civil registries were not functioning, authorities did not register births. The government did not register the births of Kurdish noncitizen residents, including stateless Kurds (see section 2.d., Stateless Persons). Failure to register resulted in deprivation of services, such as diplomas...more
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country or from citizen parents" (p. 9).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The constitution does not allow women to convey citizenship to their children independent of the citizenship of the child’s father (see section 2.d.) and has no specific provision for naturalization of foreign husbands married to Nepali wives. According to the constitution, citizenship is derived from one Nepali parent, but a child born to a Nepali woman and a foreign citizen father may obtain citizenship only through naturalization. The constitution also states that children of unknown fathers may obtain citizenship through their mothers. Despite a 2011 Supreme Court decision that permits applicants to seek citizenship through either their father or mother, in practice many have been denied citizenship due to lack...more
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship by birth within the country’s territory or through either parent" (p. 13).