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Latest items for CLCC-LAW-1

June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Every person born in the country after August 5, 1962, is entitled to citizenship. Persons outside the country born to or adopted by one or more Jamaican parents, as well as those married to Jamaican spouses, can claim citizenship" (13).
June 25, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is governed by the principle of descent, according to which a father or mother who is a citizen automatically conveys citizenship to offspring at birth" (8).
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship derives from one’s parents; a single parent may convey citizenship" (17).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides for citizenship by birth (if at least one parent is a permanent resident or citizen), descent, and naturalization" (34).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

" By law citizenship derives from parents at birth or from birth within the country’s territory if the parents are unknown or if the child cannot claim the parents’ citizenship. Newborns generally were registered at the local civil registry office where the parents live. A parent must apply for registration within one month of the birth. Birth certificates were issued on the basis of the medical certificate of the hospital where a baby was born," (55).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children born of one citizen parent acquire citizenship if born in the country or, when born outside the country’s territory, if one parent has a permanent in-country address" (21).
May 7, 2018, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Liberia, Togo
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Only two states in West Africa – Liberia and Togo – retain nationality laws that deny women the equal right to confer nationality on children, though governments in both countries have committed to address this discrimination in the law" (para 2).
May 7, 2018, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The Global Campaign for Equal Nationality Rights joyfully welcomes the passage of Sierra Leone’s amended Citizenship Act, which now guarantees women and men the equal right to confer nationality on children...Prior to the July 5 reform, the Citizenship Act of 1973 (amended 2006), denied Sierra Leonean women the right to confer nationality on their children born abroad, a right reserved for men" (para 1-2).
May 7, 2018, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Sierra Leone’s reform comes on the heels of two notable advances for gender equal nationality rights in 2017, including: the promulgation in January of Madagascar’s new nationality law, which guarantees women and men the equal right to confer nationality on children" (para 3).
May 7, 2018, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"[In June 2017,] The United States Supreme Court...struck down a provision that denied unmarried fathers the right to pass citizenship to their children on an equal basis with mothers" (para 3).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law grants citizenship at birth to a child of the following: a Japanese father who either is married to the child’s mother or recognizes his paternity, a Japanese mother, or a child born in the country to parents who are both unknown or are stateless" (16).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei

"The Committee notes with concern that a Bruneian woman who is married to a foreign national is required to submit an application under the Nationality Act in order to transmit her Bruneian citizenship to her children, while the children of a Bruneian father and a non-Bruneian mother automatically acquire such nationality. The Committee is also concerned that the foreign husband of a Bruneian woman and the foreign wife of a Bruneian man do not enjoy equal status when applying for permanent residence status" (Pg 7).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The State of Kuwait has been anxious to respect the rights of women and the equality of men and women in all areas of life and nothing shows this more than Amiri Decree no. 15 (1959, amended), on Kuwaiti nationality, which does not discriminate between men and women, as the following articles clearly indicate: 1) Article 1 stipulates: Original Kuwaitis are those persons who were settled in Kuwait prior to 1920 and who maintained their normal residence there until the date of the publication of this law. Ancestral residence shall be deemed complementary to the period of residence of descendants. A person is deemed to have maintained his normal residence...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 24) that the current nationality legislation discriminates against Malagasy women, who cannot transmit their nationality to their foreign or stateless spouse or to their children on an equal basis with men. The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to increase birth registrations, but is concerned that 20 per cent of births remain unregistered, increasing the risk of statelessness, and about the difficulties faced by women in ensuring the registration of their children. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Amend its nationality law to enable Malagasy women to transmit their nationality to their foreign or stateless spouse and...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to address challenges relating to its nationality legislation. It is concerned, however, that the Aliens and Nationality Law of 1973, which contradicts article 28 of the Constitution, remains in force and continues to be applied, thereby preventing women from transmitting Liberian nationality to their children if they are born outside the country. The Committee notes that this is discriminatory because it is not applicable to Liberian men whose children are born outside the State party and entails the risk of statelessness for the children of Liberian mothers" (10).
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern that certain provisions of the Civil Code continue to contradict article 9 of the Convention and discriminate against Guinean women, since only men transmit their nationality automatically to their children" (10).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"While noting the efforts of the State party to tackle challenges relating to its nationality legislation, the Committee is concerned that both the Constitution and the Citizenship Act contain provisions depriving children born to Swazi women and foreign husbands of nationality, hence increasing their risk of statelessness. The Committee notes that this is discriminatory because it is not applicable where Swazi men marry foreign women. The Committee is also concerned that, under the Constitution, Swazi women married to foreign men cannot transmit their citizenship to their husbands on an equal basis as Swazi men married to foreign women. The Committee recommends that the State party repeal the discriminatory provisions in...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Cabinent Decision No. 406 of 27/12/1433 A.H. (12/11/2012) concerning special arrangements for the children of Saudi women married to foreigners. The decision: approves the transfer of the employment services of the children of a Saudi woman married to a foreign man to their mother if the children reside in Saudi Arabia; entitles such a mother to bring her children to Saudi Arabia if they are abroad, in which case the State is obliged to bear the residency fees for the children; permits the children to work in the private sector without the transfer of their services; and treats the children on a par with Saudis in respect of entitlement to...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In all these cases the mother's nationality has the same weight as that of the father. In accordance with Article 11 of LCRM, Citizen of the Republic of Moldova is the child born to parents, both or one of whom is a citizen of the Republic of Moldova, upon his/her birth to parents, both or one of them at the time of child birth, is a Moldovan national, born on the territory of the Republic, a child born on the territory of the Republic of Moldova to stateless parents, born on the territory of the Republic of Moldova to parents holding the citizenship of another state or to parents one...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"It also notes the decision taken by the State party to grant children of Omani mothers and foreign fathers some 'privileges' in areas such as education and health" (10). "The Committee remains concerned, however, about: (a) The strict conditions placed under article 18 of the new law on an Omani mother married to a foreigner who wishes to transmit her nationality to her children" (10).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Any person born abroad to Palestinian parents who have the right to reside in occupied Palestine also has the right of residence if that individual returns to Palestine before the legal age of majority. A female Palestinian retains that right even if she marries a non-Palestinian. Her children also have the right to a Palestinian passport, the right of residence and the right to a Palestinian identity card before they reach 16 years of age" (32).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In sum, most women married to residents of Jerusalem are prohibited by law from obtaining permanent residence in Jerusalem, as are children who cannot be registered on their Jerusalemite father’s identity card or in the population registry if the mother is a holder of a Palestinian identity card" (34).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden

"No distinction is made between women and men in the Citizenship Act. The most recent amendment to the Act means that a child one of whose parents is a Swedish citizen always acquires Swedish citizenship on birth. In addition, whether a child’s parents are married is no longer of any importance for the child’s acquisition of citizenship. Under the previous rules children born abroad to unmarried Swedish fathers did not automatically become Swedish citizens and had to register for citizenship" (page 34).
Feb. 2, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children born in the country attain citizenship if either parentis a citizen or legal permanent resident of the country. Children born outside the country attain citizenship if either parent is a citizen born in the country" (9).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is not derived by birth in the country. Children are citizens if at least one parent is a citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth" (16).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Law No. 35/2009, aimed at supporting the children of Bahraini women married to foreigners" (pg. 2). "The Committee welcomes the Royal Order of 2011 granting Bahraini nationality to 335 children of Bahraini women married to foreigners and notes with appreciation the Cabinet decision of January 2014 granting Bahraini nationality to the children of Bahraini women married to foreigners, subject to certain conditions. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned that women still do not enjoy equal rights to nationality, given that men automatically confer their nationality to their children, while Bahraini women do not. The Committee notes the slow pace of adoption of the draft amendments to the Nationality Law and is...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In an interview with the Iran-based news outlet Parsineh in April last year, an Iranian Baluchi woman relayed some of the perils of Iran’s current civil code. Born in poverty, she said that she was married off to an Afghan man at the age of 12. After fathering seven children, her spouse returned to Afghanistan, leaving her behind with their children-all of whom lack birth certificates. Fearing deportation, she is now staying in a remote mountain home with no running water or electricity" (para1). "Under Iranian law, children born to an Iranian father — whether residing in Iran or abroad — are considered Iranian. Meanwhile, children born to Iranian mothers...more
Nov. 27, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"Two of the main struggles feminist organizations in Lebanon have been leading for years are the right for Lebanese women to [pass on] their nationality to their spouse and children, and amending the domestic violence law to improve protections for women" (para 15).
Aug. 28, 2017, 12:18 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Those eligible for the card include children of Qatari women married to foreigners, people with special talents 'needed by the state,' and others who have extended notable services to the country, it said. Citizenship, however, will remain off-limits to foreigners" (para 3).
Aug. 14, 2017, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In line with the GCC, Qatar has always enforced citizenship laws that pass down citizenship only from father to child" (para 6). The other five members of the GCC are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Oman. As such it can be inferred that citizenship laws in these countries also follow the pattern of patrilineality (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).