The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCC-LAW-1

June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides for citizenship by birth (if at least one parent is a permanent resident or citizen), descent, and naturalization. Nevertheless, registration of births was inconsistent, especially in remote rural areas or among parents who were unregistered foreign nationals" (26).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Women have equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children" (16).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 79 of the aforementioned law establishes that the children of Guatemalans born outside the national territory, even if their Guatemalan nationality has not been determined, shall be granted permission to enter Guatemala or a permit shall be stamped in their parents’ passport. A female foreign national who marries a Guatemalan outside the Republic and for that reason loses her nationality shall be granted the aforementioned permit, for which a statement by her shall suffice" (25). "To ensure equality in all its dimensions, the legal framework enacted by the Congress of the Republic in 2010 reforms the Civil Code, which contained provisions approved by heads of State in past decades....more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth in the country, although for children born abroad after 2000, citizenship may be derived by descent if either the mother or the father is a citizen and the child is registered with the proper authorities" (42).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"According to the country’s nationality law, the father transmits citizenship to children" (22). "Citizenship is derived exclusively from the father, resulting in statelessness for children of a citizen mother and a noncitizen father when registration under the father’s nationality is not possible" (23). "Nationality law also discriminates against women, who may not confer citizenship to their spouses and children, although widows may confer citizenship to their minor children" (29). "Citizenship is derived exclusively from the father, which may result in statelessness for children of a citizen mother and noncitizen father who may not transmit his own citizenship. If a child’s birth is not registered within the first year, the process...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Yemeni women may confer citizenship on children born of a foreign-born father if the child is born in the country" (30).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child acquires citizenship at birth if at least one parent is a citizen, regardless of where the birth took place. Children born or found in the country whose parents were unknown or stateless are also citizens. The government has a system of universal birth registration immediately after birth" (19).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived through an individual’s parents; only one parent of either sex is necessary to transmit citizenship" (19).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, LO-PRACTICE-1

"Women in urban areas experienced less overt discrimination but did not enjoy pay or access to employment and credit on an equal basis with men" (21).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship from their parents. Birth within the territory of the country does not automatically confer citizenship, although exceptions exist for children born of missing or stateless parents, or children born of foreign parents, at least one of whom was also born in the country. The government does not require registration of births; it is up to parents to request birth registration for a child" (24).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship by birth to at least one citizen parent, regardless of where the child is born" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth in the country or outside if either of the child’s parents or one grandparent is a citizen" (p. 17).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship by birth within the country, marriage, naturalization, or parental heritage" (p. 17).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship solely from their father. Because women cannot confer nationality on their children, an unknown number of children whose fathers were missing or deceased due to the continuing conflict were at risk of statelessness. Mothers could not pass citizenship to children born outside the country, including in neighboring countries operating refugee camps" (Pg 41). "Children derive citizenship solely from their father. In large areas of the country where civil registries were not functioning, authorities did not register births. The government did not register the births of Kurdish noncitizen residents, including stateless Kurds (see section 2.d., Stateless Persons). Failure to register resulted in deprivation of services, such as diplomas...more
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country or from citizen parents" (p. 9).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The constitution does not allow women to convey citizenship to their children independent of the citizenship of the child’s father (see section 2.d.) and has no specific provision for naturalization of foreign husbands married to Nepali wives. According to the constitution, citizenship is derived from one Nepali parent, but a child born to a Nepali woman and a foreign citizen father may obtain citizenship only through naturalization. The constitution also states that children of unknown fathers may obtain citizenship through their mothers. Despite a 2011 Supreme Court decision that permits applicants to seek citizenship through either their father or mother, in practice many have been denied citizenship due to lack...more
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship by birth within the country’s territory or through either parent" (p. 13).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child’s citizenship derives from its parents" (p. 30).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Although citizenship is automatically inherited from citizen fathers, citizen mothers may pass their nationality to their children only through an application process in which children are first issued a COI (and considered stateless)" p. 16).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived through birth to a citizen parent" (p. 19).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The constitution states that citizenship derives from the parents" (p. 35).
July 13, 2019, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is conferred through one’s parents and not by birth in the country. At least one parent must be a citizen to transmit citizenship" (p. 17).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"According to the Constitution and the Law on Nationality (Chapter 1, Article 1 and Chapter 2, Article 4), all women, regardless of nationality, living legally in Cambodia have the right to register the birth of their child and apply for citizenship for their newborn. All births are to be registered with the commune/sangkat office within 30 days of being born. Children not registered within 30 days of being born can receive a birth certification under national guidelines, which affords children the same rights as a birth registration. The Birth Registration Guidelines and Birth Certification procedures stipulate the processes to be followed, the necessary requirements and the proper documentation needed" (22).more
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child derives citizenship from having at least one citizen parent, whether the person is born in the country or abroad" (p. 19).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship derives primarily from the citizenship of at least one parent. Either citizen parent may pass citizenship to a child regardless of the other parent’s citizenship status. On January 1, an amendment to the law became effective which provides that children born to parents who are not citizens of Estonia or of any other country and have lived in the country for five years, acquire citizenship at birth" (p. 9).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the Citizenship (Amendment) Act of 2009 provides for equal rights of women and men to transfer their nationality to their children or foreign spouse. The Committee is concerned, however, that the Act does not apply retroactively to children born before its entry into force" (8).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is acquired by birth or naturalization. In 2013 the government passed legislation which provides for equal rights for mothers and fathers automatically to transmit citizenship to their children. The law does not make birth declaration mandatory" (page 16).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child born in the country obtains citizenship if one parent is a citizen or permanent resident at the time of birth and the parents are married" (p. 24).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is obtained by birth within the country or birth to at least one Mozambican citizen parent outside the country" (p. 16).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived both by birth within the country’s territory and from one’s parents. The government registers all births upon receipt of the proper paperwork, which can come from the parents, other interested persons, or the medical facility where the birth occurred. Children born to undocumented mothers were denied birth certificates" (p. 32).