The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for CLCC-LAW-2

Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Citizenship derives from birth to a citizen parent and, in certain circumstances, from birth within the country’s territory to alien parents" (27).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The Committee also notes with concern the discriminatory provision of the Code of the Person and the Family (art. 38), under which the registration of a child's birth can be effected only by the father, and by mothers in very specific cases. It further notes the high rates of unregistered births" (9).
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Citizenship is legally derived only from the father. Children may be born stateless if they were: the child of a citizen mother and a stateless father; a child born to an unmarried citizen mother who is not legally affiliated with the citizen father, even if the father has recognized the child; or the child of a citizen father and a noncitizen mother if the government did not authorize their marriage prior to birth. A child may lose legal identification and accompanying rights if authorities withdraw identification documents from a parent (possible when a naturalized parent denaturalizes voluntarily or loses citizenship through other acts). The sons of citizen mothers and noncitizen...more
June 20, 2019, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Under the Nationality Law, female citizens face legal discrimination, since they are unable to transmit citizenship to their noncitizen husbands and to children born from a marriage to a noncitizen" (p. 15).
June 11, 2019, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The government did not effectively implement laws and policies to provide certain habitual residents the opportunity to gain nationality in a timely manner and on a nondiscriminatory basis. Children born in the country to non-Bahamian parents, to an unwed Bahamian father and a non-Bahamian mother, or outside the country to a Bahamian mother and a non-Bahamian father do not acquire citizenship at birth" (9). "Children born in the country to married parents, one of whom is Bahamian, acquire citizenship at birth. In the case of unwed parents, the child takes the citizenship of the mother. All children born in the country may apply for citizenship upon reaching their 18th birthday....more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Refugee households headed by women faced difficulty in certifying nationality of offspring in absence of the father, which increased the risk of statelessness among this population. Civil registry departments and sharia courts in the Za’atri and Azraq camps helped refugees register births" (24). "The government deemed some children--including children of unmarried women, orphans, or certain interfaith marriages involving a Muslim woman and converts from Islam to another religion--illegitimate and denied them standard registration" (33). "Authorities removed children born out of wedlock from their mothers and placed them in orphanages, regardless of the mother’s desire for custody" (33).
May 16, 2019, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

“Some of the most problematic consequences of unregistered marriages are the rights of women to property, obtaining birth certificates for children and access to social services" (para 4).
April 26, 2019, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Each of the child's parents or whoever having legal authority thereon shall procure the issuance of the documents proving his birth, nationality and all other documents according to the laws in force at the State" (Pg 4).
March 15, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"A citizen single mother may not transmit citizenship to her child, but the child may apply for citizenship at age 18 years" (10).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, CLCC-LAW-2

"The law permits both parents to pass nationality to their children. There were, nonetheless, cases in which authorities denied identification papers to children because they were born to unmarried parents, particularly in rural areas or in the cases of poorly educated mothers unaware of their legal rights" (page 29).
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Authorities require citizens to provide their marriage certificate and both parents’ government identity cards" (24).
Feb. 8, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Morocco, Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Unmarried parents must overcome significant hurdles where the system does not recognize children born outside marriage—as is the case in Bahrain and Nepal—or requires additional procedures for registering their birth, as in Iraq, Jordan and Morocco, where an unmarried parent must obtain a court order to register their child" (p. 29).
Feb. 8, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"And in Gambia, the father is legally required to register children born within a marriage, and the mother has this legal responsibility for children born outside marriage" (p. 29).
Feb. 8, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Fiji, Namibia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"In Barbados, Fiji and Namibia, a mother can legally register the newborn only when the father is dead, absent or incapable" (p. 29).
Feb. 8, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"In Barbados...a mother can legally register the newborn only when the father is dead, absent or incapable" (p. 29).
Feb. 8, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"In Greece, the father is legally obligated to register the child; the mother needs a special mandate by a notary attorney to do so" (p. 29).
Jan. 14, 2019, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"It is almost certain, however, that this figure is lower than the real number, as many children were never declared by their parents or identified by the state. Some of these children lost one or both of their parents, while others never got a chance to know them. Yet others followed their parents as they accepted the government’s demobilization policy and were integrated into society. The children have no legal existence as they do not appear in Algerian civil registries. For them to gain civil recognition, their parents’ marriage must be legalized, since in many cases the authorities consider them null and void. This process is necessary for recognition of...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"NGOs reported... children of single mothers who could not establish citizenship through a Bhutanese father" (8). "NGOs and media sources highlighted the existence of stateless children born to unwed mothers who were unable to prove the identity of the father of the child... According to 2014 NGO reports, more than 700 children born in the country were not recognized as Bhutanese citizens because their fathers’ nationality was undocumented" (10).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The government registered all live births immediately. Citizenship is conferred on a child through a parent’s (or the parents’) Belgian citizenship" (10).
Nov. 1, 2018, 8:43 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The Supreme Court of Sudan reaffirmed the right of Sudanese women to confer nationality on their children in a July 6 decision. This important advancement for gender equal nationality rights underscores the need for Sudan's Nationality Act to be aligned with the country’s Interim Constitution and international law" (para. 1). "Though the Interim Constitution (2005) enshrines the equal right of men and women to pass nationality to their children, the Sudanese Nationality Act (amended 2011) retains several provisions that discriminate against women. While Sudanese men automatically confer citizenship on their children, the children of Sudanese women and foreign fathers are required to submit an application in order to acquire citizenship....more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Illegitimate children usually acquire the citizenship of the mother" (page 17).
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"A 2012 ruling by the Constitutional Court overturned a 1974 law that stipulated children born outside of registered marriages shared civil ties only with their mother. The ruling provides for the inclusion of DNA evidence in determining paternity and confers inheritance rights to the father’s property for children born outside of registered marriages" (para 159)
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Palestinian authorities require a marriage certificate to register births. In the West Bank, mothers can obtain birth certificates for their children born out of wedlock, but these children cannot take a family name, exposing them to stigma. Even if they are given up for care, their foster families cannot officially adopt them or give them their family name. The Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling (WCLAC) said they knew of 27 such children in the Social Development Ministry’s care" (para 22).
Oct. 12, 2018, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The new amendments allow Palestinian women to pass on their citizenship to their children" (para 6).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"After three months parents must present themselves to judicial authorities with their child and three witnesses" (para 111)
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Women have the right to register their children’s births, although either the father or a male relative must be present" (35).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2, CUST-LAW-1

"Direct discrimination against women was found to exist in the different ages for the valid recognition, without judicial approval, of one’s own children (12 and 16 years for females and males respectively). Also, with regard to the impossibility for unmarried adolescents to exercise parental authority up to 18 years of age, direct discrimination on grounds of birth was found to exist (whether the child may be subject to the parental authority of the minor parent depends on whether the parents are married to each other), which amounts to indirect discrimination on the basis of gender" (page 37-38).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2009 of the State party's combined initial to seventh periodic undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of...The Paternity, Maternity and Filiation Act, in 2014, guaranteeing equal treatment to children born out of wedlock" (1-2). "The Committee is deeply concerned that...the Civil Code prohibits registrars from recording declarations of birth of a child resulting from incest" (7).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The Committee commends the State party for its efforts in ensuring the registration of children upon birth since the launch of a pilot project on birth registration in 2009. The Committee notes that birth registration by mothers in their maiden names when the father of the child is absent is a culturally sensitive matter in the State party, but is concerned that the requirement that both parents be present during birth registration is an obstacle to the timely registration of children in cases in which one of the parents, usually the male parent, is absent. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Intensify its efforts and provide mechanisms to...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia

"The Committee is concerned about reports that a high number of children are not immediately registered at birth and that cumbersome procedures are in place for the registration of children above 5 years of age. It notes with concern reports of obstacles to the registration of the birth of children born out of wedlock, often resulting from the stigmatization faced by single mothers. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that all children born in the State party, including those born out of wedlock or in rural areas, are immediately registered at birth to enable them to gain access to citizenship, education and health, and that it take steps...more