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Latest items for CLCC-LAW-2

Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"After three months parents must present themselves to judicial authorities with their child and three witnesses" (para 111)
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Women have the right to register their children’s births, although either the father or a male relative must be present" (35).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2, CUST-LAW-1

"Direct discrimination against women was found to exist in the different ages for the valid recognition, without judicial approval, of one’s own children (12 and 16 years for females and males respectively). Also, with regard to the impossibility for unmarried adolescents to exercise parental authority up to 18 years of age, direct discrimination on grounds of birth was found to exist (whether the child may be subject to the parental authority of the minor parent depends on whether the parents are married to each other), which amounts to indirect discrimination on the basis of gender" (page 37-38).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2009 of the State party's combined initial to seventh periodic reports...in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of...The Paternity, Maternity and Filiation Act, in 2014, guaranteeing equal treatment to children born out of wedlock" (1-2). "The Committee is deeply concerned that...the Civil Code prohibits registrars from recording declarations of birth of a child resulting from incest" (7).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The Committee commends the State party for its efforts in ensuring the registration of children upon birth since the launch of a pilot project on birth registration in 2009. The Committee notes that birth registration by mothers in their maiden names when the father of the child is absent is a culturally sensitive matter in the State party, but is concerned that the requirement that both parents be present during birth registration is an obstacle to the timely registration of children in cases in which one of the parents, usually the male parent, is absent. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Intensify its efforts and provide mechanisms to...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about reports that a high number of children are not immediately registered at birth and that cumbersome procedures are in place for the registration of children above 5 years of age. It notes with concern reports of obstacles to the registration of the birth of children born out of wedlock, often resulting from the stigmatization faced by single mothers. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that all children born in the State party, including those born out of wedlock or in rural areas, are immediately registered at birth to enable them to gain access to citizenship, education and health, and that it take steps...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the new Nationality Law (2014), which confers Omani nationality on children born out of wedlock to unidentified parents" (10).
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-3, CUST-LAW-2

"When she [a divorced Afghani woman] needed government identifications for her children, the clerk never asked about her relationship to them but kept inquiring, 'where is their father?'" (para 5).
Oct. 30, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"'Customary marriage allows for childbirth [children are registered in the personal status registers as legitimate children] and courts have recently started recognizing it. There is not a single law prohibiting it'" (para 10). "The Administrative Court of the State Council ruled April 23 that a woman could register her child in the civil status registry based on a customary marriage. It said that such a marriage certificate alone was sufficient as a basis for issuing a birth certificate to a child born within such a marriage, in which the child should be registered under the name of the husband" (para 12).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

“Citizenship is derived only through the father. Women do not have the legal right to transmit citizenship to their children. Children of female citizens married to noncitizen husbands receive the nationality of the father and lose the right to attend public school or seek other government services if they do not hold legal residency, which must be applied for every year and is not assured” (22). “Syrian refugees were sometimes unable to obtain birth certificates for children born in the country if they could not present an official marriage certificate or other nationality documents, which were sometimes lost or destroyed when they fled or were confiscated by the government when...more
Dec. 6, 2016, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"The law establishes different categories of citizenship under which foreign travel is restricted. NGOs reported these restrictions primarily affected ethnic Nepalis, although children of single mothers who could not establish citizenship through a Bhutanese father were also affected" (7). "NGOs and media sources also highlighted the existence of children rendered stateless when they were born to unwed mothers who were unable to prove the identity of the father of the child. According to 2014 NGO reports, more than 700 children born in the country were not recognized as Bhutanese citizens because the nationality of their fathers was undocumented" (9).
Nov. 7, 2016, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Human rights organizations reported that if a child’s father was unknown, is stateless, or unable to present his documents from the country of his citizenship, the child is stateless, even if born in Bahrain to a Bahraini mother" (23). "The wife of imprisoned Wifaq secretary general Sheikh Ali Salman was unable to get a birth certificate and other civil documents for their young child while her husband was in prison. She reported that various authorities told her Salman would have to come into each of their offices in person to sign the applications" (31).
Sept. 12, 2016, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"In Jordan, because married mothers are unable to convey citizenship to their children or spouses, children with Jordanian mothers and foreign fathers cannot obtain free public health care or education" (10).
Sept. 11, 2016, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Brunei, Guinea, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mauritania, Nepal, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

According to Table 1.2, married women cannot confer citizenship to their children in the same way as married men (9).
Sept. 11, 2016, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

According to Table 1.2, married women cannot confer citizenship to their children in the same way as married men in West Bank and Gaza (9).
Sept. 11, 2016, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Barbados, France, Syria
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"In some economies, such as Barbados, France and the Syrian Arab Republic, the father is legally responsible for registering the birth of a child" (11).
Sept. 11, 2016, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"In 2006 Nepal updated its legislation with more gender-neutral language for its birth registration procedures. Previously, notice of a birth was given by the head of household, and in his absence, by the eldest male member of the family. Women as well as men can now be designated head of household, and the eldest male member no longer provides birth notification if the head of household is absent" (11).
Sept. 11, 2016, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"And in Swaziland the law specifically requires the father to register the birth of a child" (11).
Sept. 11, 2016, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"For example, in the Islamic Republic of Iran if the parents’marriage is not registered, both parents must appear before the civil registrar to register a child’s birth" (11).
Sept. 11, 2016, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"In Egypt a mother who cannot prove her marital relationship can register a birth only if a person who witnessed the child’s birth testifies" (11).
Sept. 11, 2016, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"In Senegal any person declaring the birth other than the father has to show a marriage certificate for the child’s parents" (11).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

Women can confer citizenship to their children in the same way as a man (246).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

Women can confer citizenship to their children in the same way as a man (244).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

Women can confer citizenship to their children in the same way as a man (244).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

In West Bank and Gaza, neither unmarried nor married women can confer citizenship to their children in the same way as men (242).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

Women can confer citizenship to their children in the same way as a man (242).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

Women can confer citizenship to their children in the same way as a man (240).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

Women can confer citizenship to their children in the same way as a man (240).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

Women can confer citizenship to their children in the same way as a man (238).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

Women can confer citizenship to their children in the same way as a man (238).