The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCC-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Birth registration does not vary by sex, but varies widely by province, ranging from a low of 27 percent in Manicaland to a high of 68 percent in Harare" (14).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Boys and girls are equally likely to have their births registered and to have a birth certificate" (11).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"For women and girls to obtain citizenship by descent for themselves, regulations require a married woman to submit a formal attestation from her husband, father, or husband’s family (if widowed) that she qualifies for citizenship and has his or their permission to receive it. This requirement makes a woman’s right to citizenship contingent on her father’s or husband’s cooperation. In many cases husbands refused to provide their wives this attestation. Preventing women from obtaining citizenship documentation precludes their access to the courts and thus their ability to make legal claims to land and other property, which permits the husband or male relatives free to stake their own claims" (Pg 20).more
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"...Only 3 per cent of children in the State party are registered at birt h (within 45 days following their birth) and that 88 per cent are registered once they reach school age, which puts children who are not registered at risk of statelessness and prevents them from having access to basic services. The Committee is further co ncerned that almost 60 per cent of the unregistered Rohingya population are women and children who remain without legal status and face obstacles in their access to legal and social services" (8).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The low rates of birth registration of Roma babies and children, preventing them from benefiting from basic services, and the insufficient funding for the strategy for the inclusion of Romanian citizens belonging to the Roma minority, covering the period 2012-2020" (14).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee acknowledges the efforts made by the State party to promote birth registration. It notes, however, that 30 per cent of newborns are not registered. It is concerned that this may prevent unregistered girls from gaining access to basic services, such as health and education, and put them at risk of statelessness and trafficking" (8-9).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority … 98.9% male 98.5% female" (xxi).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"There was no universal birth registration, and parents, especially in rural areas, never registered many children or registered them several years after birth. The requirement that children have birth certificates to register for school was not universally enforced, and there were no reports of authorities denying educational or health care services and benefits to children based on lack of registration. The lack of birth registration compounded difficulties in proving age, which led to authorities recruiting minors into the military and trying and sentencing juveniles as adults, including imposing the death penalty" (39).
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities register births immediately" (12).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Parents were generally able to register births promptly" (16).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority 92.3 (percent of male children) 91.2 (percent of female children) 91.8 (percent of all children)" (xxvii).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Women have the right to register their children’s births, although either the father or another male relative must be present. If the father or other male relative refuses to register the child, the child may be deprived of a birth certificate, which limits the child’s ability to acquire identity documents and enroll in school" (36).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Births are supposed to be registered within 10 days of the delivery. According to the law, births are registered in the country only if the parents are citizens or permanent residents. Any child born in an Israeli hospital receives an official document from the hospital that affirms the birth" (39).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of discrimination or denial of services due to lack of birth registration" (para 94).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Children derive citizenship solely from their father. In large areas of the country where civil registries were not functioning, authorities did not register births. The government did not register the births of Kurdish noncitizen residents, including stateless Kurds. Failure to register resulted in deprivation of services" (para 205).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Reports estimated that fewer than 10 percent of children had formal birth registrations, which further limited authorities’ already weak capacity to enforce laws on the minimum age of employment" (35).
Feb. 27, 2019, 6:53 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The family unification law … denies Palestinian spouses married to Israeli partner to receive the Israeli citizenship or residency rights" (para. 1).
Feb. 26, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory. Most births were registered immediately. If a birth is not registered within one month, parents may be fined and denied public services" (30).
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Differences in birth registration, and law policies and procedures, between girls and boys did not exist" (para 61).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"At the time of the survey, 3% of children under age 5 were registered with the civil authorities. Two in three of these children have birth certificates. The percentage of children whose birth is registered is the same among children under age 2 and those between age 2 and 4 (3% each). Boys and girls are equally likely to have their births registered (3% each). However, children in urban areas are much more likely than rural children to have their births registered (12% versus 2%)" (14).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about the persisting barriers to birth registration, especially in rural areas and among indigenous communities and communities of African descent. It is also concerned about the lack of information provided on the steps taken to ensure that children in border areas and children in a migratory situation, including unaccompanied children participating in return programmes, have access to birth registration and personal document" (10).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, at the lack of information on existing obstacles to birth registration, which may result in women and girls being stateless and vulnerable to trafficking. It is also concerned that there remains a significant number of children whose births are not registered" (page 9).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

Table 15.1 reveals that overall, 87.4% of male children and 87.2% of female children had their births officially registered. 77.4% of male children and 75.4% of female children had a birth certificate (page 222).
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"She said that because fathers remain the official guardian, under personal status laws regardless of whether they have custody, the fathers can withdraw money from their children’s bank account even when the mother opened it" (para 40).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The lack of documentation means their children cannot attend school, and they may be unable to access aid and basic services" (para 10).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"There is no gender discrimination regarding citizenship. The Omani Nationality Law, article 18, stipulates that any male or female born in Oman of an Omani father is Omani" (Pg 23).
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:34 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"John Kennedy of the University of Kansas and Shi Yaojiang of Shaanxi Normal University have released a study claiming that the births of many of the girls may, in fact, simply not have been registered" (para. 3). "After more interviews showed the practice to be widespread, the researchers then compared the number of the number of children born in 1990 with the number of 20-year-old Chinese men and women in 2010. They discovered 4 million additional people, and of those there were approximately 1 million more women than men. 'If we go over a course of 25 years, it's possible there are about 25 million women in the statistics that...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"It is also concerned that among ethnic minority and indigenous communities, men are reportedly given priority to register for nationality, leaving a disproportionate number of ethnic minority and indigenous women without nationality and with restricted freedom of movement and limited access to education, employment, health care and social protection" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Children born from rape suffered stigmatization and marginalization. The mothers of children resulting from rape sometimes were reluctant to register the births, and such children did not have access to social services" (32).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"There were no differences in birth registration law between girls and boys" (17).