The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-LAW-1

Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Omani Nationality Law, which was promulgated by Royal Decree No. 38/2014, repeals the Law Regulating Omani Nationality issued by Royal Decree No. 3/83. It affirms that women and men enjoy equal rights in respect of the acquisition, retention or changing of Omani nationality. The law does not impose the nationality of an Omani women’s husband upon her, nor does it require her to become stateless...A woman’s marriage to a foreigner does not affect her nationality. She continues to retain her Omani nationality unless she decides to relinquish it in order to acquire her husband’s nationality. She is not forced to relinquish her Omani nationality if she adopts her husband’s...more
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as men under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (para 110)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1

"As indicated in previous reports of Costa Rica, Costa Rican women enjoy the same rights as men to acquire, change or retain their nationality" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"PRC-born spouses must wait six years to apply for Taiwan residency, whereas spouses born elsewhere may apply after three years" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The law bases citizenship on birth to one or both citizen parents, marriage to a citizen man, or naturalization" (30). According to this statement, marriage to a Thai women does not automatically make a foreigner a Thai citizenship. The partner would be required to go through a legal process that still may not result in citizenship. This lack of citizenship may make it impossible for the partner to work legally in Thailand (among other issues with a lack of citizenship) and potentially creates additional responsibilities for the Thai woman (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Women were unable to confer citizenship on their noncitizen spouses in the same way as men" (38).more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Notwithstanding the legislative amendments adopted by the State party, the Committee remains concerned that there are still stricter conditions for Thai women to confer their nationality on foreign spouses" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"A foreign woman may receive citizenship through marriage to a citizen after 10 years of marriage" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Citizens must obtain government permission to marry foreigners, which was generally not granted for female citizens. Male citizens may apply for residency permits and citizenship for their foreign wives, but female citizens can apply only for residency for their foreign husbands and children, not citizenship" (7). "Citizenship derives solely from the father, and women cannot transmit citizenship to their noncitizen spouse or children" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"For women to obtain citizenship by descent for themselves, regulations require a married woman to submit a formal attestation from her husband, father, or her husband’s family (if widowed) that she qualifies for citizenship and has his or their permission to receive it, thereby making a woman’s right to citizenship contingent on her father’s or husband’s cooperation. In many cases husbands refused to provide their wives this attestation. Preventing women from obtaining citizenship documentation precludes their access to the courts and thus their ability to make legal claims to land and other property, leaving the husband or male relatives free to stake their own claims" (20). "The new constitution does...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Stateless women may obtain nationality by marrying a Malagasy citizen and may request citizenship before the wedding date" (13).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The government may deny a citizenship application by a bidoon resident based on security or criminal violations committed by the individual’s family members. Additionally, if a person loses citizenship, all family members whose status derives from that person also lose their citizenship and all associated rights" (8-9). "Female citizens may sponsor their nonnational children (regardless of age) and husbands for residency permits, and they may petition for naturalization for their children if the mother becomes divorced or widowed from a noncitizen husband" (16). "A non-Muslim woman who fails to convert is also ineligible for naturalization as a citizen and cannot inherit her husband’s property unless specified as a beneficiary in...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Persons outside the country born to or adopted by one or more Jamaican parents, as well as those married to Jamaican spouses, can claim citizenship" (13).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived from one’s parents at birth; a single parent may confer citizenship on a child...On July 9, the parliament amended the law granting citizenship to migrant children born in the country; the previous legislation was deemed unconstitutional by a Council of State decision in 2013. Under the amendment, children born to foreign parents in the country and abroad can apply for citizenship, contingent upon the parents’ legal status in the country and tied to certain educational requirements for the child. For example, a child born in the country to a parent who resided legally in the country for five years prior to the child’s birth qualifies for citizenship...more
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Act No. 2011-087 of 30 December 2011, which amended article 224 of the Personal and Family Code, providing for the equal right of Malian women and men to transmit their nationality to their foreign spouses and to their children" (page 2).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Law on Montenegrin Citizenship stipulates that the person who has been married to a Montenegrin citizen for at least three years and has lived in Montenegro legally and continuously for at least five years may acquire Montenegrin citizenship by naturalization if that person has reached 18 years of age; has a guaranteed residence and guaranteed permanent source of income in Montenegro of an amount that enables material and social welfare; has not been irrevocably sentenced in Montenegro or a foreign state to a prison term longer than one year and for a criminal offence prosecuted 'ex officio' or legal consequences of such sentence are cessated, or if the person...more
Aug. 13, 2018, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Moroccan women will finally be able to pass their citizenship on to their non-citizen spouses, according to a recent statement from Bassima Hakkaoui, the Minister of Solidarity, Women, Family and Social Development" (Para 1). "'Borders should not deprive people of the right to nationality,' said the minister on Wednesday, adding that Morocco is currently working to put in place procedures that would allow women to easily transmit citizenship to their husbands. At the meeting organized by the NGO 'Global Campaign for Equality of Rights in Nationality' and UN-Women. Hakkaoui said that no child in Morocco is living in a situation of statelessness, as the authorities are working to allow Moroccan...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about discriminatory provisions in the Tanzania Citizenship Act (1995) with regard to the ability of Tanzanian women to confer their nationality on their foreign spouses. The Committee urges the State party to expeditiously revise the Tanzania Citizenship Act (1995) to ensure that women and men enjoy equal rights to acquire, change, transfer and retain nationality. The State party should also accede to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness" (page 9).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

" By law citizenship derives from parents at birth or from birth within the country’s territory if the parents are unknown or if the child cannot claim the parents’ citizenship," (55).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Section 5(4) of the Constitution states that citizenship can be acquired through birth, registration or naturalization and can hold multiple citizenship. This means a Fijian woman married a foreigner does not have to renounce her Fiji citizenship upon acquiring her foreign citizenship. Likewise, the same rules of acquiring citizenship apply to spouses of male and female Fiji citizens" (18). "Nationality is critical to full participation in society and without status as citizens; women are deprived of the right to vote or stand for public office and may be denied access to public benefits, education scholarships and choice of residence. Nationality should be capable of change by an adult woman and...more
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1, MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Committee notes with concern that a Bruneian woman who is married to a foreign national is required to submit an application under the Nationality Act in order to transmit her Bruneian citizenship to her children, while the children of a Bruneian father and a non-Bruneian mother automatically acquire such nationality. The Committee is also concerned that the foreign husband of a Bruneian woman and the foreign wife of a Bruneian man do not enjoy equal status when applying for permanent residence status" (Pg 7).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"To ensure that marriage to a foreign man or the change of her husband’s nationality in the course of the marriage does not result in automatic change of the wife’s nationality or render her stateless, the ministry wishes to clarify the following: 1) Under article 10 of Amiri Decree no. 15 (1959, amended), on Kuwaiti nationality, a Kuwaiti woman who marries a foreigner shall not lose her Kuwaiti nationality unless she acquires the nationality of her husband at her own request. 2) Under article 11 of the said act, if a Kuwaiti man loses his Kuwaiti nationality by electing to become a naturalized citizen of another State, it shall not...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Notwithstanding the detailed explanations given by the delegation, the Committee remains concerned about the State party’s reluctance to withdraw its reservation to the following articles of the Convention: (a) Article 9 (2) on granting women equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children. The Committee also notes with concern that the Council of Ministers has repeatedly endorsed the discriminatory provision in Decree No. 15 of 1925 on Lebanese Nationality, establishing that nationality is exclusively based on patrilineal descent" (pg 4).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 24) that the current nationality legislation discriminates against Malagasy women, who cannot transmit their nationality to their foreign or stateless spouse or to their children on an equal basis with men. The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to increase birth registrations, but is concerned that 20 per cent of births remain unregistered, increasing the risk of statelessness, and about the difficulties faced by women in ensuring the registration of their children. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Amend its nationality law to enable Malagasy women to transmit their nationality to their foreign or stateless spouse and...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption, since the consideration in 1994 of the State party’s second periodic report (CEDAW/C/SEN/2), of the following legislative measures: (a) Law No. 2013-03 of 25 June 2013 allowing women to transmit their nationality to their husband and their children born to a foreign father" (page 2).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"While noting the efforts of the State party to tackle challenges relating to its nationality legislation, the Committee is concerned that both the Constitution and the Citizenship Act contain provisions depriving children born to Swazi women and foreign husbands of nationality, hence increasing their risk of statelessness. The Committee notes that this is discriminatory because it is not applicable where Swazi men marry foreign women. The Committee is also concerned that, under the Constitution, Swazi women married to foreign men cannot transmit their citizenship to their husbands on an equal basis as Swazi men married to foreign women. The Committee recommends that the State party repeal the discriminatory provisions in...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"[The cabinent Decision] permits a Saudi woman married to a foreign man to bring her husband to Saudi Arabia from abroad or transfer his employment services to Saudi Arabia if he is resident in Saudi Arabia and so wishes. It also permits the husband to work in the private sector provided he has a recognized passport" (10). "The [Saudi Arabian Nationality Law] states that a Saudi woman need not forfeit her nationality if she marries a foreigner unless she decides to adopt her husband’s nationality according to the pertinent law and so declares. A Saudi woman married to a foreigner may reclaim her Saudi Arabian nationality upon the termination of...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The position of absolute equality has been ensured by law and practice. Women have all rights to decide the nationality irrespective of their marriage" (34).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Kenya Citizenship and Immigration Act, 2011 provides for dual citizenship (section 8) and for the first time, married women can confer citizenship to their foreign husbands (section 11)" (13). "The constitution (2010) on its chapter on citizenship clearly defines the concept of acquisition and loss of citizenship for Kenyan men and women. More profoundly, it speaks to the fact that citizenship is no lost through marriage or the dissolution of marriage. The law also grants dual citizenship and women are allowed to confer citizenship to their spouses" (24).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"A bill has been tabled to revise the Nationality Code in line with the concerns raised in the previous report, in particular as regards the transmission of nationality by female citizens of Niger to their foreign-national spouses. Again, under that bill, a female citizen of Niger who marries a foreign national will enjoy an uncontested right to take her husband’s nationality, and vice versa. The objective of the reform initiated has been to establish equal rights for men and women to to acquire, change or retain Niger nationality. In so doing, the bill seeks to put an end to discrimination against women as regards transmission of Niger nationality to their...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Marriage to a stateless person or change of nationality of a spouse shall produce no effects on the citizenship of the other spouse (Article 7 of LCRM). Citizenship of the Republic of Moldova shall be acquired by birth, recognition, adoption, recovery, naturalization (Article 10 of the LCRM)" (Pg 24). 'Marriage to a citizen of the republic of Moldova is a ground for acquiring the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova by naturalization (Article 17of LCRM)" (Pg 24).