The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-LAW-1

Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In matters of child custody, inheritance, and divorce, personal status laws provide unequal treatment across the various confessional court systems but generally discriminate against women. For example, Sunni civil courts applied an inheritance law that provides a son twice the inheritance of a daughter. Religious law on child custody matters favors the father in most instances. Nationality law also discriminates against women, who may not confer citizenship to their spouses and children, although widows may confer citizenship to their minor children. By law women may own property, but they often ceded control of it to male relatives due to cultural reasons and family pressure" (Pg 29).more
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1

"However, the Committee remains concerned about the persistent discrimination, under the Nationality Act, between women and men, and the denial of the right of women to acquire, change, retain and transmit their nationality. In particular, it notes the detrimental impact of the Act on Kuwaiti women married to non-Kuwaiti men, as they may not transmit their nationality to their spouses or children, who are thus precluded from political participation and have limited access to education, employment and public housing. In addition, foreign husbands of Kuwaiti women have no legal right to remain in the country without a residency permit. In contrast, foreign women married to Kuwaiti men are granted residency...more
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern that the Citizenship and Entry into Israel Law (Temporary Order), which was enacted in 2003 and intended to be temporary, yet continues to be extended, prohibits the granting of status to the spouses of Palestinian Israelis or Palestinian permanent residents in Israel" (pg. 12). "Owing to the legislation, couples must choose to live separately, with one spouse deprived of seeing the children grow up; live together with the spouse from the Occupied Palestinian Territory being considered illegal, deprived of basic rights and subject to deportation if found living in East Jerusalem; or live in the West Bank, in which case the Israeli spouse risks losing...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:32 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"In July 2015, the Ambassador of Togo to the United Nations informed Equality Now that a bill giving women the equal right with men to transfer their nationality to their children and spouses was being written. While this is welcome news, we are also encouraging Togo to conduct a full review of the nationality law to reaffirm that naturalized Togolese women will not lose their nationality in cases of divorce. Due to conflicting language in the law (Article 23 of the nationality law vs Article 149 of the 2012 Code of Persons and the Family), confusion remains on this point" (para 42).
Jan. 4, 2019, 10:13 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"[In] Kenya, Monaco, Venezuela –Women can now pass their nationality to their foreign spouse on the same basis as men" (para 20).
Jan. 4, 2019, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"[In] Kenya, Monaco, Venezuela –Women can now pass their nationality to their foreign spouse on the same basis as men" (para 20).
Jan. 3, 2019, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, MARR-PRACTICE-6

"[The President of Tunisia] has ended a decades-long ban on Tunisian Muslim women marrying non-Muslim men" (para 3). Nationality can be inferred to be muslim (CEM - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Female citizens can transmit citizenship on an equal basis with male citizens" (page 18).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Female citizens can transmit citizenship on an equal basis with male citizens" (page 24).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the Citizenship of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (Amendment) Act (2000) provides for equal rights for women and men to acquire, change or retain nationality" (page 9).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Citizens seeking to marry noncitizens require government permission. Government workers are barred from receiving promotions in the case of marriage to a noncitizen. In case such a government worker is employed in the defense or international relations sector, automatic discharge is required" (5).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Law of Citizenship and Entry, which is valid through April and renewed annually, prohibits Palestinians from the West Bank or Gaza, including those who are spouses of Israeli residents or citizens, from obtaining resident status in Jerusalem or Israel unless the Ministry of Interior makes a special determination, usually on humanitarian grounds. The law allows the entry of spouses of Israelis on a 'staying permit' if the male spouse is age 35 or older and the female spouse is age 25 or older" (para 59)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Single women and widows often had problems registering their children" (para 256)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Omani Nationality Law, which was promulgated by Royal Decree No. 38/2014, repeals the Law Regulating Omani Nationality issued by Royal Decree No. 3/83. It affirms that women and men enjoy equal rights in respect of the acquisition, retention or changing of Omani nationality. The law does not impose the nationality of an Omani women’s husband upon her, nor does it require her to become stateless...A woman’s marriage to a foreigner does not affect her nationality. She continues to retain her Omani nationality unless she decides to relinquish it in order to acquire her husband’s nationality. She is not forced to relinquish her Omani nationality if she adopts her husband’s...more
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as men under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (para 110)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1

"As indicated in previous reports of Costa Rica, Costa Rican women enjoy the same rights as men to acquire, change or retain their nationality" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"PRC-born spouses must wait six years to apply for Taiwan residency, whereas spouses born elsewhere may apply after three years" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The law bases citizenship on birth to one or both citizen parents, marriage to a citizen man, or naturalization" (30). According to this statement, marriage to a Thai women does not automatically make a foreigner a Thai citizenship. The partner would be required to go through a legal process that still may not result in citizenship. This lack of citizenship may make it impossible for the partner to work legally in Thailand (among other issues with a lack of citizenship) and potentially creates additional responsibilities for the Thai woman (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Women were unable to confer citizenship on their noncitizen spouses in the same way as men" (38).more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Notwithstanding the legislative amendments adopted by the State party, the Committee remains concerned that there are still stricter conditions for Thai women to confer their nationality on foreign spouses" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"A foreign woman may receive citizenship through marriage to a citizen after 10 years of marriage" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Citizens must obtain government permission to marry foreigners, which was generally not granted for female citizens. Male citizens may apply for residency permits and citizenship for their foreign wives, but female citizens can apply only for residency for their foreign husbands and children, not citizenship" (7). "Citizenship derives solely from the father, and women cannot transmit citizenship to their noncitizen spouse or children" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"For women to obtain citizenship by descent for themselves, regulations require a married woman to submit a formal attestation from her husband, father, or her husband’s family (if widowed) that she qualifies for citizenship and has his or their permission to receive it, thereby making a woman’s right to citizenship contingent on her father’s or husband’s cooperation. In many cases husbands refused to provide their wives this attestation. Preventing women from obtaining citizenship documentation precludes their access to the courts and thus their ability to make legal claims to land and other property, leaving the husband or male relatives free to stake their own claims" (20). "The new constitution does...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Stateless women may obtain nationality by marrying a Malagasy citizen and may request citizenship before the wedding date" (13).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The government may deny a citizenship application by a bidoon resident based on security or criminal violations committed by the individual’s family members. Additionally, if a person loses citizenship, all family members whose status derives from that person also lose their citizenship and all associated rights" (8-9). "Female citizens may sponsor their nonnational children (regardless of age) and husbands for residency permits, and they may petition for naturalization for their children if the mother becomes divorced or widowed from a noncitizen husband" (16). "A non-Muslim woman who fails to convert is also ineligible for naturalization as a citizen and cannot inherit her husband’s property unless specified as a beneficiary in...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Persons outside the country born to or adopted by one or more Jamaican parents, as well as those married to Jamaican spouses, can claim citizenship" (13).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived from one’s parents at birth; a single parent may confer citizenship on a child...On July 9, the parliament amended the law granting citizenship to migrant children born in the country; the previous legislation was deemed unconstitutional by a Council of State decision in 2013. Under the amendment, children born to foreign parents in the country and abroad can apply for citizenship, contingent upon the parents’ legal status in the country and tied to certain educational requirements for the child. For example, a child born in the country to a parent who resided legally in the country for five years prior to the child’s birth qualifies for citizenship...more
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Act No. 2011-087 of 30 December 2011, which amended article 224 of the Personal and Family Code, providing for the equal right of Malian women and men to transmit their nationality to their foreign spouses and to their children" (page 2).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Law on Montenegrin Citizenship stipulates that the person who has been married to a Montenegrin citizen for at least three years and has lived in Montenegro legally and continuously for at least five years may acquire Montenegrin citizenship by naturalization if that person has reached 18 years of age; has a guaranteed residence and guaranteed permanent source of income in Montenegro of an amount that enables material and social welfare; has not been irrevocably sentenced in Montenegro or a foreign state to a prison term longer than one year and for a criminal offence prosecuted 'ex officio' or legal consequences of such sentence are cessated, or if the person...more
Aug. 13, 2018, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Moroccan women will finally be able to pass their citizenship on to their non-citizen spouses, according to a recent statement from Bassima Hakkaoui, the Minister of Solidarity, Women, Family and Social Development" (Para 1). "'Borders should not deprive people of the right to nationality,' said the minister on Wednesday, adding that Morocco is currently working to put in place procedures that would allow women to easily transmit citizenship to their husbands. At the meeting organized by the NGO 'Global Campaign for Equality of Rights in Nationality' and UN-Women. Hakkaoui said that no child in Morocco is living in a situation of statelessness, as the authorities are working to allow Moroccan...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about discriminatory provisions in the Tanzania Citizenship Act (1995) with regard to the ability of Tanzanian women to confer their nationality on their foreign spouses. The Committee urges the State party to expeditiously revise the Tanzania Citizenship Act (1995) to ensure that women and men enjoy equal rights to acquire, change, transfer and retain nationality. The State party should also accede to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness" (page 9).