The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-LAW-2

Feb. 22, 2019, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Barbados cannot legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (65). A woman in Barbados can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (65).
Feb. 22, 2019, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Bangladesh can legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (65). A woman in Bangladesh can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (65).
Feb. 22, 2019, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Bahrain cannot legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (64). A woman in Bahrain can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (64).
Feb. 22, 2019, 10 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in the Bahamas can legally apply for a passport and travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (64).
Feb. 22, 2019, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Azerbaijan can legally apply for a passport and travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (63).
Feb. 22, 2019, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Austria can legally apply for a passport and travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (63).
Feb. 21, 2019, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Australia can legally apply for a passport and travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (62).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

According to the table, a woman in Armenia can legally apply for a passport and travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (62).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

According to the table, a woman in Argentina can legally apply for a passport and travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (61).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

According to the table, a woman in Angola can legally apply for a passport and travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (60).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

According to the table, a woman in Algeria cannot legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man, but she may legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (60).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

According to the table, women in Albania are legally able to apply for a passport and travel outside the country in the same way as a man (59).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Economy tables by country show that women are not allowed to apply for a passport in the same way as a man in Afghanistan (59). According to the table, women are able to travel outside the country in the same way as a man (59).
Feb. 8, 2019, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Iraq enacted a new passport law in 2015 that introduces electronic passports. The application process is now the same for men and women and does not require women to bring a guardian" (p. 38).
Jan. 5, 2019, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Lifting the ban is an important step, but the sex discriminatory male guardianship system remains in full effect. For example, women are still unable to travel without male permission, apply for a passport, or choose when and whom to marry" (para 33).
Jan. 5, 2019, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Lifting the ban is an important step, but the sex discriminatory male guardianship system remains in full effect. For example, women are still unable to travel without male permission, apply for a passport, or choose when and whom to marry" (para 33).
Jan. 4, 2019, 9:55 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"[In] Iraq –Women can now obtain a passport without having to get approval from a male guardian or a husband" (para 14).
Jan. 3, 2019, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"[Saudi Arabia] also has a law stating that all women must have a male guardian, typically a husband, father or brother, who gives them permission to study, travel abroad or marry" (para 9).
Jan. 2, 2019, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"'But it's not just journalists' says Walaa, who recently travelled to Ramallah in the West Bank for the first time in her life, securing a permit against the odds – many are declined or not processed in time – thanks to an invitation to a high level conference. 'Even when I left, I had to hide it from a lot of people. It's not just foreigners, people here envy whoever leaves'" (para 45-46).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"On November 10, parliament amended a law that had previously prohibited a mother from traveling outside the country with minor children without written permission from the father. Under the new amendment, there is no discrimination between a mother and father regarding passport application and authorization to leave the country" (page 18).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-1

"The observatory claimed that women were prevented from traveling if suspected of prostitution, often based on appearance alone" (page 17).
Oct. 31, 2018, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"In what could lead to yet another breakthrough for Saudi women, the security committee of the Shura (Consultative) Council has approved a proposal to amend travel document rules and allow women to have their own passports… The bill is yet to be debated and voted on by the council" (para. 1, 3).
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Law and custom generally do not respect freedom of movement for women (IIP. For example, the law prevents a woman from applying for a passport without the consent of her male guardian or a legal representative" (para 254)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"The Sultanate has sought to change existing customs and practices that discriminate against a woman’s right to obtain a passport and identity card without having to obtain the approval of her guardian or husband. Article 12 of Oman’s Passport Law previously made a married women’s obtaining a passport dependent on her husband’s written consent. This provision was amended by Royal Decree No. 11/2010 to entitle a woman to obtain a passport without obtaining her guardian’s consent, in line with the Basic Law of the State, article 18, which guarantees all citizens freedom of residence and movement" (Pg 13). "The Sultanate amended the Omani Passport Law pursuant to Royal Decree No....more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Customary marriages need to be registered in order for an applicant to obtain a passport" (9)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Many women, particularly rural women, face difficulties in obtaining official documents" (9)
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Every citizen has the right to apply for and be issued with a passport or similar travel document, in accordance with any condition prescribed by a written law" (40).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"The Constitution and the law guarantee freedom of movement and choice of domicile and residence equally to men and women. Kuwaiti laws place no restriction on a person’s movement due to that person’s sex, especially after the ruling of the Constitutional Court in appeal no 56 (2008) — which acknowledged a woman’s right to freedom of movement by annulling article 15 of Act no. 11 (1962), on passports, as amended by Act no. 105 (1994), which required the approval of the husband for a wife to be granted a separate passport — and the judicial provisions adopted which permit a woman to renew her official papers without her husband’s approval"...more
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Under Saudi Arabia's guardianship system, women are required to present proof of permission from a male 'guardian' - normally the husband, father or brother - to do any government paperwork, travel or enrol in classes" (para 11).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"According to Article 4 of the Law on Identity Documents in the National Passports System no.273-XIII of November 9, 1994, the woman can obtain the passport of the citizen of the Republic of Moldova or another travel document based on a personal application. The consent of the husband is not necessary" (Pg 24).