The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-LAW-2

April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Every citizen has the right to apply for and be issued with a passport or similar travel document, in accordance with any condition prescribed by a written law" (40).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"The Constitution and the law guarantee freedom of movement and choice of domicile and residence equally to men and women. Kuwaiti laws place no restriction on a person’s movement due to that person’s sex, especially after the ruling of the Constitutional Court in appeal no 56 (2008) — which acknowledged a woman’s right to freedom of movement by annulling article 15 of Act no. 11 (1962), on passports, as amended by Act no. 105 (1994), which required the approval of the husband for a wife to be granted a separate passport — and the judicial provisions adopted which permit a woman to renew her official papers without her husband’s approval" ...more
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Under Saudi Arabia's guardianship system, women are required to present proof of permission from a male 'guardian' - normally the husband, father or brother - to do any government paperwork, travel or enrol in classes" (para 11).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"According to Article 4 of the Law on Identity Documents in the National Passports System no.273-XIII of November 9, 1994, the woman can obtain the passport of the citizen of the Republic of Moldova or another travel document based on a personal application. The consent of the husband is not necessary" (Pg 24).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"the adoption of Royal Decree No. 11/2010 amend[ed] the Passport Law to entitle a woman to obtain a passport without seeking her guardian’s consent" (16-17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Women have the same freedom of movement and travel as a man. A wife or daughter has the right to obtain a passport without the approval of the husband or father. As long as a woman is over 18 years of age, there is no legal basis for a man to prevent his wife or daughter from travelling, even if she is travelling without his permission and without a close relative accompanying her" (64).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Conversely, women residents of Jerusalem have for all practical purposes lost their right to retain their residence in Jerusalem or have been stripped of it because they were forced to live outside Jerusalem in order to keep their families together. Even in the latter case, a woman resident of Jerusalem loses the right to renew her identity card if she has lived outside the city for several years, if she has lost the identity card or if her appearance has changed with time or because she has either begun wearing or stopped wearing the hijab" (34).
Jan. 30, 2018, 12:41 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Nasief said women would still require a male relative's consent to travel, as well as obtain and renew passports" (Para 10).
March 3, 2017, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Although the law does not generally distinguish between the legal status and rights of women and men, it requires a married woman to obtain her husband’s permission to receive a passport and to travel abroad" (9,16).
Jan. 30, 2017, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Women are effectively rendered legal minors in Saudi Arabia. She states that the restrictions on women’s rights in Saudi Arabia have existed for decades and authorities enforce the guardianship system through policies and practice. Under the strict male guardianship system, ministerial policies and practices forbid women from obtaining a passport, marrying, travelling, or accessing higher education without the approval of a male guardian — usually a husband, father, brother, or even a son (para 16-17).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, DACH-LAW-1, CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Under Saudi law, women require the permission of a male guardian to travel, marry, or exit prison and it may be needed to be granted employment or access to healthcare. A guardian is typically a woman’s father or her husband if she is married; a widow may have to seek permission from her son if she has no other men of age in her life" (para 4-5). "Saudi Arabia’s government agreed to abolish the guardianship system twice – in 2009 and 2013 – after a review by the United Nation’s Human Rights Council. It instituted some reforms by, for instance, making it easier for women to work, appointing women to ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, AFE-LAW-1

"Women legally remain dependents here: They require permission of a male guardian — a father, husband, or son — to travel and study. They can’t drive. But as they have started working, they have gained a newfound independence from the simple fact of having an income. It’s such financial power that could prove a game-changer for women’s rights in the kingdom" (para 5).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-1

“The law allows fathers to prevent their children from leaving the country through a court order that is not available to mothers. Authorities did not stop fathers from exiting the country with their children when the mother objected” (32).
Sept. 17, 2016, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, CLCW-LAW-2

"The Constitution of Barbados guarantees men and women the same rights to freedom of movement and during the period under review women in the teaching and nursing professions in Barbados have migrated to North America and the Caribbean in large numbers as they seek to improve their living standards. In many instances they were often times accompanied by their spouses and children. This active recruitment has allowed women to take up appointments in various areas of endeavour as there are no legal restrictions to their movement" (43)
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, LO-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

“I believe that this idea [misyar] has become embedded in Saudi society, which sees women as a shame that cannot be avoided except by marriage or death. This mindset will remain as long as the country’s laws support it. Woman will not be able to approach any government department without a male guardian, cannot travel abroad without his permission, cannot apply for a passport without him, cannot rent a house except in his name. I can give a long list” (para 8).
Sept. 11, 2016, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Iran, Iraq, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

According to Table 1.2, married women cannot travel outside the country in the same way as married men (9).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Botswana, Burma/Myanmar, Cameroon, Congo, Egypt, Fiji, Gabon, Haiti, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Malawi, Mali, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Trinidad/Tobago, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

According to Table 1.2, married women cannot apply for a passport in the same way as married men (9).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (246).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (244).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Unmarried women can apply for a passport in the same way as men but married women cannot. All women can travel outside the country in the same way as a man (244).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

In West Bank and Gaza, women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (242).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (242).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (240).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

Women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (240).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

Women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (238).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (238).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (234).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

Women can apply for a passport in the same way as men. As well, women can travel outside the country in the same way as men (236).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11:05 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Unmarried women can apply for a passport in the same way as men but married women cannot. All women can travel outside the country in the same way as a man (234).
Aug. 21, 2016, 11 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

Unmarried women can apply for a passport in the same way as men but married women cannot. All women can travel outside the country in the same way as a man (236).