The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Afghan women are often unable to obtain basic legal documents such as national IDs and marriage certificates, which makes it difficult to seek help from the courts when they are in trouble, says Marion Guillaume of the Samuel Hall think-tank" (para 1). "Lack of access to civil documentation such as tazkera (national IDs) and marriage certificates is a major, but hidden, reason for difficulties in gaining access to justice... And to obtain tazkera following general procedures, both men and women must present a copy of the tazkera of one of their male relatives. Therefore, women are dependent on the willingness of their male relatives to help them. Women without close...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Women could not obtain the Civil Status Identification Document--required for access to public services, food assistance, health care, employment, education, and housing--without consent of a male relative. This restriction affected women in conflict, according to local NGOs. OWFI and local media reported authorities told a female minor, whose entire family was killed, that she could not obtain identity documents without a male relative until she turned 18 years old. As a result she could not attend school or access social and public services" (para 254)
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Categories of persons most commonly denied exit visas included men under age 54, regardless of whether they had completed the military portion of national service, and women younger than 30, unless they had children" (para 76)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The law provided for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance, as well as employment, credit, pay, owning and/or managing businesses, education, and housing" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1

"As indicated in previous reports of Costa Rica, Costa Rican women enjoy the same rights as men to acquire, change or retain their nationality" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Custom dictates that a husband may prevent his wife, minor children, and adult unmarried daughters from leaving the country by taking custody of their passports" (16).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] is concerned: ...That there are 800 stateless women who lost their Vietnamese nationality in failed attempts to obtain another nationality" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Men may prevent adult female family members from leaving the country, but only by seeking and securing a court order. There were no reports that the government prevented women over the age of 18 years from traveling abroad" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"For women to obtain citizenship by descent for themselves, regulations require a married woman to submit a formal attestation from her husband, father, or her husband’s family (if widowed) that she qualifies for citizenship and has his or their permission to receive it, thereby making a woman’s right to citizenship contingent on her father’s or husband’s cooperation. In many cases husbands refused to provide their wives this attestation. Preventing women from obtaining citizenship documentation precludes their access to the courts and thus their ability to make legal claims to land and other property, leaving the husband or male relatives free to stake their own claims" (20). "In an attempt to...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Married Bahais and their children faced difficulties obtaining national identification cards because the government did not recognize Bahai marriages as legitimate" (26-27). "Police officials reportedly forced unmarried young women, sometimes including those in their 30s, to present their father’s written permission to obtain a passport and to travel abroad, although this is not required by law" (27).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] notes that barriers to the participation of women in political and public life include . . . a lack of autonomy in keeping official household documents and the lower social status of women manifested in their inability either to obtain the necessary identification documents or to vote because of a lack of permission to do so" (page 9).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (see CEDAW/C/MMR/ CO/3, paras. 30 and 32) and notes with concern that Rohingya women and girls in Rakhine State are being deprived of their nationality and, therefore, rendered stateless, by the Citizenship Law of 1982. The Committee also notes with concern that members of the Rohingya ethnic group, including women and girls, who refused to identify as 'Bengali' have been arbitrarily excluded from the verification process, which was first piloted in June 2014" (page 10). "The Committee is particularly concerned: . . . (e) That limited access to birth registration and identification papers, combined with the application of the outdated Citizenship Law of...more
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its legislation that protects women against discrimination on the basis of nationality, but is concerned about the absence of legislation on status determination and protection of stateless persons that would ensure that stateless women who are not refugees have equal access to documentation and to basic services. The Committee recommends that the State party adopt legislation on status determination and to protect the human rights of stateless women who are not refugees and reduce their risk of discrimination, in line with its obligations under the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness....more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"New Zealand women have long enjoyed equal rights to acquire, change or retain their nationality. There are no changes since New Zealand’s last report" (page 15).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Asylum-seeking and stateless women who marry Kenyan men face difficulties in obtaining citizenship for themselves and their children" (9)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Many women, particularly rural women, face difficulties in obtaining official documents" (9)
June 3, 2018, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"Women are perceived as being owned by their father before becoming their husband's property," (1).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that, under section 26 (2) (a) of the Constitution, Nigerian women married to foreign men cannot transmit their nationality to their husbands, unlike Nigerian men married to foreign women. It is also concerned that section 29 (4) (b) on citizenship renunciation legitimizes child marriage, as it recognizes any woman who is married to be of full age for the purposes of renunciation of citizenship" (10).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Burkina Faso Nationality is acquired by filiation, birth, marriage or naturalization. Acquisition and loss of nationality are governed by the Personal and Family Code, under which women and men enjoy the same rights (article 140 et seq.). Thus, the problem of statelessness does not arise in the country" (22).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned about the absence of progress made to address the situation of the thousands of stateless (bidun) women who remain deprived of their basic right to Emirati nationality and related rights. " (pg 8).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The State of Kuwait has been anxious to respect the rights of women and the equality of men and women in all areas of life and nothing shows this more than Amiri Decree no. 15 (1959, amended), on Kuwaiti nationality, which does not discriminate between men and women, as the following articles clearly indicate: 1) Article 1 stipulates: Original Kuwaitis are those persons who were settled in Kuwait prior to 1920 and who maintained their normal residence there until the date of the publication of this law. Ancestral residence shall be deemed complementary to the period of residence of descendants. A person is deemed to have maintained his normal residence...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about reports that a high number of children are not immediately registered at birth and that cumbersome procedures are in place for the registration of children above 5 years of age. It notes with concern reports of obstacles to the registration of the birth of children born out of wedlock, often resulting from the stigmatization faced by single mothers. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that all children born in the State party, including those born out of wedlock or in rural areas, are immediately registered at birth to enable them to gain access to citizenship, education and health, and that it take steps...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"It notes that, according to information given by the State party, the draft Civil Code is compatible with the Convention and will replace all existing discriminatory provisions, such as the provisions about the age of marriage being lower for girls than for boys and about men being the head of the family, thereby having many rights that women do not have" (15).
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Under Saudi Arabia's guardianship system, women are required to present proof of permission from a male 'guardian' - normally the husband, father or brother - to do any government paperwork, travel or enrol in classes" (para 11).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Royal Decree No. M/28 of 21/5/1434 A.H. (2/4/2013) amending article 67 of the Personal Status Law to make it compulsory for women to obtain a national identity card, whereas previously it was optional. This amendment follows the issuance of a cabinent decision on 25/03/2013 requiring Saudi women to obtain a national identity card within seven years, after which the national identity card is the be the sole means of proving a woman's identity" (22).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Article 14 of the Constitution of Kenya provides that a person is a citizen by birth if on the day of the person’s birth, whether or not the person is born in Kenya, either the mother or father of that person is a citizen. The Constitution does not distinguish between the parent(s) being a citizen by birth or registration. However, the Act is more restrictive and provides that a person born outside Kenya shall be a citizen by birth if on the date of birth that person’s mother or father was or is a citizen by birth (not a citizen by registration)" (24). The Act refers to the Immigration Act,...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"It is concerned, however, about information according to which women are still required to have the permission of their father, husband or male guardian to obtain a passport and travel outside the country" (16).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2007, the Israeli Parliament expanded the scope of the racist Act, denying reunification to citizens of Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran and Libya who were married to Palestinian citizens of Israel or Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem. In 2008, another amendment to the Nationality Act was made whereby citizenship could be revoked in the case of a 'breach of trust' or 'disloyalty to the State', even in the absence of a criminal conviction. That compounded the threat of discriminatory expulsion against Palestinian men and women, who are in fact the primary targets of these amendments. There is no doubt that this racist policy is designed to prevent the reunification of...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The acquisition of Swedish citizenship is regulated in the Act on Swedish Citizenship (2001:82), last amended in 2014. As a whole, the rules on acquisition and loss of Swedish citizenship reflect the fundamental idea of a citizenship based on affinity with Sweden. Swedish citizenship can be acquired at birth, through adoption and registration and by application. Citizenship by application (naturalization) can be granted if the individual meets certain criteria such as age, habitual residence and good conduct. The willingness to become a naturalized citizen is high in Sweden and about 60 per cent of foreign-born people resident in Sweden are Swedish citizens. In 2012 more than 50 179 people became...more
Jan. 30, 2018, 12:41 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Nasief said women would still require a male relative's consent to travel, as well as obtain and renew passports" (Para 10).