The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"It is concerned, however, about information according to which women are still required to have the permission of their father, husband or male guardian to obtain a passport and travel outside the country" (16).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2007, the Israeli Parliament expanded the scope of the racist Act, denying reunification to citizens of Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran and Libya who were married to Palestinian citizens of Israel or Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem. In 2008, another amendment to the Nationality Act was made whereby citizenship could be revoked in the case of a 'breach of trust' or 'disloyalty to the State', even in the absence of a criminal conviction. That compounded the threat of discriminatory expulsion against Palestinian men and women, who are in fact the primary targets of these amendments. There is no doubt that this racist policy is designed to prevent the reunification of ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The acquisition of Swedish citizenship is regulated in the Act on Swedish Citizenship (2001:82), last amended in 2014. As a whole, the rules on acquisition and loss of Swedish citizenship reflect the fundamental idea of a citizenship based on affinity with Sweden. Swedish citizenship can be acquired at birth, through adoption and registration and by application. Citizenship by application (naturalization) can be granted if the individual meets certain criteria such as age, habitual residence and good conduct. The willingness to become a naturalized citizen is high in Sweden and about 60 per cent of foreign-born people resident in Sweden are Swedish citizens. In 2012 more than 50 179 people became ...more
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The law provided for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance, as well as employment, credit, pay, owning and/or managing businesses, education, and housing" (15).
Jan. 30, 2018, 12:41 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Nasief said women would still require a male relative's consent to travel, as well as obtain and renew passports" (Para 10).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that a number of laws and regulations have recently been promulgated or are being amended to promote and afford greater protection to women’s rights, in particular the repeal of the provision in the Passport Act (1969) that had made the issuance of a wife’s passport conditional upon her husband’s or guardian’s consent" (pg 5).
Jan. 19, 2018, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"In Saudi Arabia, a kingdom founded by the Al Saud family, who forged an alliance with the conservative religious establishment, women are still legal minors, requiring the consent of a male relative to travel, work and study" (para 6).
Dec. 5, 2017, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: CIWM-PRACTICE-1, SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CLCW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-3

"In Mongolia, 28,107 women beneficiaries were supported with food stamps for 1 year to cushion the impact of the food and fuel crises (ADB 2011d)"(52)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"From the gender perspective, the impacts of CCT [cash transfer] programs are ambiguous. The conditionalities may significantly improve the educational attainments of girls. Since the benefits are generally provided to women as care givers (following the examples of Mexico and Brazil), this strengthens their role within the family. In Brazil, 94% of the recipients of the Bolsa Familia transfers are women (Holmes and Jones 2010, p. 15)"(53)
Dec. 5, 2017, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"From the gender perspective, the impacts of CCT [cash transfer] programs are ambiguous. The conditionalities may significantly improve the educational attainments of girls. Since the benefits are generally provided to women as care givers (following the examples of Mexico and Brazil), this strengthens their role within the family)"(53)
Dec. 2, 2017, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Al-Abideen told Arab News: 'The fact that women have reached these positions but still do not have the freedom to move or travel… these things have to change. Women are fully competent just like men. Guardianship should only be practiced over minors and incapacitated people'" (para 13).
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"In Pakistan, support was provided in 2009 to the Benazir Income Support Program (now called the National Income Support Program [NISP]), a targeted cash transfer program for female heads of households and adult females of eligible poor households. By 2011, 9 million women had received identity cards and 4.6 million adult females had received cash payments (ADB 2011a)"(51-52)
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CIWM-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"According to a recent assessment of the program, 22,756 female headed households benefited from free rice distribution (around 12,000 tons of rice was distributed during the food lean period of late Oct/early Nov 2008); 31,555 girls benefited from a school feeding program; 5,510 girls were awarded scholarships; 6,453 female-headed households had access to a food-for-work program; 127 female volunteer teachers for the early childhood learning centers had access to a monthly rice grant; and 47,150 women (including 8,937 female-headed households) earned an income through a cash-for-work program. Further, a total of 13,841 female headed households benefited from the distribution of quality seeds and subsidized sale of fertilizers"(56)more
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"More recently, the Government of India has recognized the importance of giving preferential or at least equal status to women in such programs. Several land distribution programs now require joint registration of property in the names of the married couple, or allocation of property only in the names of women household members (Brown, Ananthpur, and Giovarelli 2002)"(27)
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Citizenship is derived from one’s parents and, in some cases, birth within the country’s territory"(13)
Sept. 15, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Robina Jalali was on the first women’s team to compete in 2004 in the Olympics for Afghanistan after the Taliban were toppled. A runner, she was one of two at the 2004 Games. Now the head of women’s sports at the National Olympic Committee, she says that even the foreign embassies are no longer paying much attention.'The main problem is the growing insecurity we have; secondly, violence against women, which is growing. Women are not feeling safe to train,' she said. 'Now we see the youth are just running away from the country, which has changed the mentality of the embassies,' she continued. 'They feel they can’t give a girl ...more
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Factors such as the need to travel to unfamiliar urban areas, interact with nonindigenous male government officials, and speak Spanish inhibited some indigenous women from registering themselves and their children" (17).
March 3, 2017, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Although the law does not generally distinguish between the legal status and rights of women and men, it requires a married woman to obtain her husband’s permission to receive a passport and to travel abroad" (9,16).
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the progress made by the State party in registering persons with underdetermined nationality and ensuring their access to basic services, the Committee is concerned that there still exist stateless persons, including women and girls, who continue to face difficulties in gaining access to education, health care and other services owing to the lack of identification documents and proof of residence in the State party" (7)
Jan. 26, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Zabaleta, whose human rights centre works on gender equality issues in indigenous communities, says she has seen other improvements over the last 25 years. 'When I started, girls were sold for a piece of land or donkeys or for money,' she says. 'Things have gotten better.'" (para 14-15). It's unlikely that girls are considered full citizens if they can be sold (KH- CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, DACH-LAW-1, CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Under Saudi law, women require the permission of a male guardian to travel, marry, or exit prison and it may be needed to be granted employment or access to healthcare. A guardian is typically a woman’s father or her husband if she is married; a widow may have to seek permission from her son if she has no other men of age in her life" (para 4-5). "Saudi Arabia’s government agreed to abolish the guardianship system twice – in 2009 and 2013 – after a review by the United Nation’s Human Rights Council. It instituted some reforms by, for instance, making it easier for women to work, appointing women to ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"A number of parties with a religious background still exist in the political arena. Those parties seem to be partners of the state for the post-June 30, which threatens the concept of citizenship and opens the way for the growth of political thoughts to discrimination against women and sectarianism" (5).
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that women who give birth outside the country cannot transmit their Sierra Leonean nationality to their children, in violation of article 9 (2) of the Convention, should they have acquired another nationality. It also notes with concern that section 7 of the Citizenship Act (as amended in 2006) is facially discriminatory as it refers only to non-Sierra Leonean women married to Sierra Leonean male citizens for the purpose of naturalization, and not to non-Sierra Leonean men married to Sierra Leonean female citizens. The Committee urges the State party to ensure the equal rights of women and men to acquire, transfer, change or retain their nationality, ...more
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1

“Women may not petition for citizenship for noncitizen husbands, who may apply for citizenship only after fulfilling a requirement of 15 years’ continuous residency. Once a husband has obtained citizenship, he may apply to transmit citizenship to his children. Such an application could take years, and the government could deny the application. Activists did not identify any obstacles standing in the way of naturalization for men who fulfilled this residency requirement” (23).
Jan. 3, 2017, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-1

“Citizenship is derived from birth in the country or from a parent. According to 2010 IBGE census data, there were approximately 600,000 unregistered children under the age of 10 nationwide. Without birth certificates children cannot be vaccinated or enrolled in school. If the problem persists into adulthood, an unregistered adult cannot obtain a worker’s card or receive retirement benefits” (14, 15).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

“Women have the same legal status and rights as men, including rights under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. In many cases victims of discrimination were unwilling to request the forms of protections provided by employment laws or collective contracts” (14).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Under article 12 of the Law on Republic of Uzbekistan Citizenship, citizenship is acquired by women and men in the same ways: by birth; as a result of conferment of citizenship; on grounds stipulated by treaties to which the Republic of Uzbekistan is a party; and on other grounds stipulated by the Law on Republic of Uzbekistan Citizenship" (28). "Article 19 of the law specifies grounds common to women and men for the termination of Republic of Uzbekistan citizenship: as a result of renunciation of Republic of Uzbekistan citizenship and as a result of loss of Republic of Uzbekistan citizenship" (28). "In no way does domicile registration in the Republic ...more
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, LO-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

“I believe that this idea [misyar] has become embedded in Saudi society, which sees women as a shame that cannot be avoided except by marriage or death. This mindset will remain as long as the country’s laws support it. Woman will not be able to approach any government department without a male guardian, cannot travel abroad without his permission, cannot apply for a passport without him, cannot rent a house except in his name. I can give a long list” (para 8).
Sept. 12, 2016, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"In Jordan, because married mothers are unable to convey citizenship to their children or spouses, children with Jordanian mothers and foreign fathers cannot obtain free public health care or education. As they grow older, it is difficult for them to obtain driver’s licenses and work permit. Public school can cost up to 12 times more for noncitizens, and a one-year work permit for a foreign spouse or child can cost up to 5% of income per capita...In recognition of the challenges such families face, as of January 2015 children of Jordanian mothers and non-Jordanian fathers can apply for a special identification card that allows them to obtain such subsidized government ...more
Sept. 11, 2016, 8 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Benin, Cameroon, Egypt, Mauritius, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

According to Table 1.2, married women cannot obtain a national identity card in the same way as married men (9).