The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Civil society groups noted disproportionate barriers to citizenship faced by Lhotshampa communities and the wives of non-Bhutanese citizens" (8).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Shan: A Shan woman who was a single mother of two has her own job supporting herself and her children. Around 2011-2012, she went to get a new ID card at an immigration office in Southern Shan State. She also applied for a new house registration for her family. Rationally, she should be named the head of household since she has no husband. However, the immigration officer did not let her name use as a head of household, but put her father’s name instead and registered her as “dependent”. Source: Burmese Women's Union (BWU). Lahu: A Lahu woman in her late 30s was separated from her husband when her son...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Shan: A Shan woman who was a single mother of two has her own job supporting herself and her children. Around 2011-2012, she went to get a new ID card at an immigration office in Southern Shan State. She also applied for a new house registration for her family. Rationally, she should be named the head of household since she has no husband. However, the immigration officer did not let her name use as a head of household, but put her father’s name instead and registered her as “dependent”. Source: Burmese Women's Union (BWU). Lahu: A Lahu woman in her late 30s was separated from her husband when her son...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Other policies and practices allow only men to be considered head of household for purposes of land registration in certain parts of Burma and the Government has done nothing to ensure a woman’s right to serve as head of household" (page 4). "On Government-issued identification cards, women are listed as “dependent” even if they are employed and have their own careers and identification cards for children must bear the signature of the father not the mother. This also holds true in IDP camps, where residents must list a father’s not mother’s name on all documents. Customary practice also favors listing men only as head of household at immigration and other...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"The family code’s definition of paternal rights also remained an obstacle to equality between men and women. The code considers men to be heads of household, preventing women from taking legal responsibility for their children. In addition, any childhood benefits are paid to the father. Women can become the legal head of household only if the husband formally renounces his authority before authorities or if he is unable to act as head of household" (page 16).
Oct. 24, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against women is a societal problem and a public health issue. Under-reporting is a result of lack of mechanisms in place to help protect and assist victims to become independent. Women that do take their cases to the court are mostly abandoned by their families. In such cases, they have little to no funds to support themselves, and also fight in court to get justice" (para. 8).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Married women were not allowed to travel outside the country without prior permission from their husbands. For example, authorities initially prohibited Niloufar Ardalan, captain of the country’s national indoor women’s futsal team, from traveling to a tournament in Malaysia in September because her husband refused to grant her permission. After filing an appeal, a court granted her a one-time-use exit visa" (para 111). "The law states that a virgin woman or girl wishing to wed needs the consent of her father or grandfather or the court’s permission, even if she is over the age of 18" (para 155)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"The same law also designates the man as the head of the household" (para 152)
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"In another key reform on March 5, Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah announced the cabinet’s decision to allow women who have custody of their children, to open bank accounts for them, transfer their children to different schools, and apply for their passports" (para 11). "A woman also needs the father’s permission to travel abroad with her child. Both family laws also discriminate against women in marriage, divorce, and inheritance" (para 13).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Afghan women are often unable to obtain basic legal documents such as national IDs and marriage certificates, which makes it difficult to seek help from the courts when they are in trouble, says Marion Guillaume of the Samuel Hall think-tank" (para 1). "Lack of access to civil documentation such as tazkera (national IDs) and marriage certificates is a major, but hidden, reason for difficulties in gaining access to justice... And to obtain tazkera following general procedures, both men and women must present a copy of the tazkera of one of their male relatives. Therefore, women are dependent on the willingness of their male relatives to help them. Women without close...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Women could not obtain the Civil Status Identification Document--required for access to public services, food assistance, health care, employment, education, and housing--without consent of a male relative. This restriction affected women in conflict, according to local NGOs. OWFI and local media reported authorities told a female minor, whose entire family was killed, that she could not obtain identity documents without a male relative until she turned 18 years old. As a result she could not attend school or access social and public services" (para 254)
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Categories of persons most commonly denied exit visas included men under age 54, regardless of whether they had completed the military portion of national service, and women younger than 30, unless they had children" (para 76)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The law provided for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance, as well as employment, credit, pay, owning and/or managing businesses, education, and housing" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1

"As indicated in previous reports of Costa Rica, Costa Rican women enjoy the same rights as men to acquire, change or retain their nationality" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Custom dictates that a husband may prevent his wife, minor children, and adult unmarried daughters from leaving the country by taking custody of their passports" (16).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] is concerned: ...That there are 800 stateless women who lost their Vietnamese nationality in failed attempts to obtain another nationality" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Men may prevent adult female family members from leaving the country, but only by seeking and securing a court order. There were no reports that the government prevented women over the age of 18 years from traveling abroad" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"For women to obtain citizenship by descent for themselves, regulations require a married woman to submit a formal attestation from her husband, father, or her husband’s family (if widowed) that she qualifies for citizenship and has his or their permission to receive it, thereby making a woman’s right to citizenship contingent on her father’s or husband’s cooperation. In many cases husbands refused to provide their wives this attestation. Preventing women from obtaining citizenship documentation precludes their access to the courts and thus their ability to make legal claims to land and other property, leaving the husband or male relatives free to stake their own claims" (20). "In an attempt to...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Married Bahais and their children faced difficulties obtaining national identification cards because the government did not recognize Bahai marriages as legitimate" (26-27). "Police officials reportedly forced unmarried young women, sometimes including those in their 30s, to present their father’s written permission to obtain a passport and to travel abroad, although this is not required by law" (27).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] notes that barriers to the participation of women in political and public life include . . . a lack of autonomy in keeping official household documents and the lower social status of women manifested in their inability either to obtain the necessary identification documents or to vote because of a lack of permission to do so" (page 9).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (see CEDAW/C/MMR/ CO/3, paras. 30 and 32) and notes with concern that Rohingya women and girls in Rakhine State are being deprived of their nationality and, therefore, rendered stateless, by the Citizenship Law of 1982. The Committee also notes with concern that members of the Rohingya ethnic group, including women and girls, who refused to identify as 'Bengali' have been arbitrarily excluded from the verification process, which was first piloted in June 2014" (page 10). "The Committee is particularly concerned: . . . (e) That limited access to birth registration and identification papers, combined with the application of the outdated Citizenship Law of...more
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its legislation that protects women against discrimination on the basis of nationality, but is concerned about the absence of legislation on status determination and protection of stateless persons that would ensure that stateless women who are not refugees have equal access to documentation and to basic services. The Committee recommends that the State party adopt legislation on status determination and to protect the human rights of stateless women who are not refugees and reduce their risk of discrimination, in line with its obligations under the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness....more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"New Zealand women have long enjoyed equal rights to acquire, change or retain their nationality. There are no changes since New Zealand’s last report" (page 15).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Asylum-seeking and stateless women who marry Kenyan men face difficulties in obtaining citizenship for themselves and their children" (9)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"Many women, particularly rural women, face difficulties in obtaining official documents" (9)
June 3, 2018, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"Women are perceived as being owned by their father before becoming their husband's property," (1).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that, under section 26 (2) (a) of the Constitution, Nigerian women married to foreign men cannot transmit their nationality to their husbands, unlike Nigerian men married to foreign women. It is also concerned that section 29 (4) (b) on citizenship renunciation legitimizes child marriage, as it recognizes any woman who is married to be of full age for the purposes of renunciation of citizenship" (10).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Burkina Faso Nationality is acquired by filiation, birth, marriage or naturalization. Acquisition and loss of nationality are governed by the Personal and Family Code, under which women and men enjoy the same rights (article 140 et seq.). Thus, the problem of statelessness does not arise in the country" (22).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned about the absence of progress made to address the situation of the thousands of stateless (bidun) women who remain deprived of their basic right to Emirati nationality and related rights. " (pg 8).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The State of Kuwait has been anxious to respect the rights of women and the equality of men and women in all areas of life and nothing shows this more than Amiri Decree no. 15 (1959, amended), on Kuwaiti nationality, which does not discriminate between men and women, as the following articles clearly indicate: 1) Article 1 stipulates: Original Kuwaitis are those persons who were settled in Kuwait prior to 1920 and who maintained their normal residence there until the date of the publication of this law. Ancestral residence shall be deemed complementary to the period of residence of descendants. A person is deemed to have maintained his normal residence...more