The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CONST-LAW-1

July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The definition of discrimination against women has not yet been incorporated into national law. The National Women’s Institute (Inmujeres) has drawn up a draft bill on gender equality to improve the legislation in this area: it establishes guarantees and mechanisms geared to enforceability of the principles and rights set out in the law, links the various legal instruments found scattered through the legislation, and strengthens gender mainstreaming throughout the country as well as the guiding role of Inmujeres, whose tasks it regulates and expands; it also redefines the role and powers of the current National Gender Council (CNG) and bolsters gender commissions within the Government. The draft bill incorporates the...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that, under article 13 (5) of the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania of 1977, as amended, discrimination on the basis of gender is prohibited, and that article 12 (5) of the Constitution of Zanzibar of 1984, as amended, includes a reference to gender discrimination. Nevertheless, it reiterates its concern (see CEDAW/C/TZA/CO/6, para. 13) that the constitutional definition of discrimination is still not in line with articles 1 and 2 of the Convention, which prohibit direct and indirect discrimination in the public and private spheres. It regrets that the scheduled national referendum on a new constitution, which provides for, among other things, the explicit prohibition of...more
June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, place of origin, political opinion, color, or creed" (11).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The principle of equality for all is enshrined in New Zealand law and supported by an independent judiciary, democratic structures of governance, human rights accountability mechanisms, and the recognition and protection of society’s most vulnerable groups and individuals" (page 4). "New Zealand’s legal framework provides comprehensive protection against all the forms of discrimination covered by the Convention. There have been no changes since the last report . . . New Zealand is committed to maintaining a legal and policy framework that provides universal protection against all forms of discrimination. This is supported by a comprehensive, independent institutional structure to ensure its effective enforcement" (page 5). "The principles of the Convention...more
June 25, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases" (7).
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin, social origin, disability, gender, age, and language" (14).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination on the grounds of race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or infection by other communicable disease" (30).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The equality of the rights and freedoms of citizens before the law regardless of nationality, skin colour, sex, origin, property or occupational status, place of residence, language, religion, political opinion or other status is guaranteed under article 28 of the Constitution of Turkmenistan" (9).
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that, under the revised Constitution, which came into effect in April 2017, discrimination on various grounds, including sex, is prohibited and the principle of equality between men and women is guaranteed" (2). "However, the Committee expresses concern with regard to the following: (a) Under section 17 (2) of the Gender Equality Act, exceptions are allowed with regard to the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of gender, namely on grounds of religious principles and national security; (b) The prohibition of discrimination on the basis of gender in the Constitution and the Gender Equality Act does not apply in the southern border provinces, where special emergency laws continue...more
June 14, 2018, 5:52 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases" (10).
June 7, 2018, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity, age, language, or HIV or other communicable disease status, and the authorities effectively enforced these prohibitions" (9).
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide for equal protection irrespective of race, tribe, place of origin, color, or sex; however, enforcement of the provisions was not effective" (14).
June 5, 2018, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political beliefs, nationality, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, and HIV-positive status" (20). "The constitution provides for equality between women and men" (21).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property and official status, place of residence, religion, beliefs, membership of public associations, or other circumstances," (52).
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation; age, language, or HIV or other communicable disease status, and the government generally enforced these prohibitions" (15)."The constitution and law provide for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (18).
May 29, 2018, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Despite constitutional and legal protections, women remained the victims of discrimination in the male-dominated society" (9).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for equal treatment under the law for all citizens without regard to ethnicity, gender, social status, education, or religious affiliation" (19).
May 29, 2018, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination. The nine grounds under which the law prohibits discrimination are sex, marital status, family status, sexual orientation, religion, age, disability, race, and membership in the Traveller community. The government generally enforced these prohibitions" (11).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about the absence of legislation specifically prohibiting direct and indirect discrimination against women" (pg 2).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"All Australian Government legislation is drafted to be gender neutral" (Pg 41).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates women’s right to participate in political processes, and authorities protected these rights" (12).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The 2013 constitution outlines the basic rights of all individuals, including that all persons are equal before the law, are presumed innocent until proven guilty, and have the right to a defense lawyer and to a speedy public trial" (16).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"For the first time in history, our Constitution guarantees equal rights to both men and women in the full and free participation in the economic life of the nation (section 32)" (4). "For instance, Fiji’s new Constitution prohibits any form of discrimination against women and girls on the grounds of sex, race, ethnicity, religion or belief system, health status, disability, age and so forth" (4). "The Constitution, guarantees equality between women and men before the law and both have the legal protection, treatment and benefit of the law" (37).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes as positive the decision taken by the Federal Court to analyse in detail the State party’s obligations arising from article 2 (a) of the Convention and from the Committee’s previous concluding observations. Nevertheless, the Committee regrets that the scope of the definitions of discrimination against women and equality of women and men, as applied by the Court, remains unchanged and that the 'Constitution does not confer any right to establish equality ‘in fact’ (de facto)'. It is further concerned that, although article 8 of the new Constitution provides for a broad definition of the principle of equality, it is inadequately applied" (Pg 4).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that, in spite of its previous recommendation (see CEDAW/C/ARE/CO/1, para. 15), the principle of equality of women and men has still not been enshrined in the State party’s Constitution and its national legislation, and that discrimination against women has not yet been defined in accordance with article 1 of the Convention and prohibited by law. The Committee is also concerned about the maintenance of discriminatory provisions in the State party’s legislation, such as of the concept of male guardianship and the obligation imposed on women to obey their husband (art. 56 of the Personal Status Law), which are incompatible with the State party’s obligations under the...more
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party recognizes that gender equality and women’s empowerment are crucial for the advancement of women towards national development. It is, however, concerned at the absence of a definition of discrimination, in accordance with article 1 of the Convention, in the State party’s legislation" (Pg 3-4).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Kuwait has gone to great lengths to enable women to exercise their rights and perform their duties in a manner consistent with the Constitution, which guarantees their political, social and economic rights, providing not only for full equality of the sexes, without distinction, but also entrenching equality through articles 7, 29, 30, 35, 37, 40, 41, 43, 44, 45 and 80" (7). "Equality between men and women is given concrete form in the Kuwaiti Constitution by steering its discourse and formulating articles in such a way that the word “citizen” or “individual” includes both men and women, without discrimination. Article 29 of the Constitution guarantees the principle of equality" (7)....more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned that the Constitution is still not in full conformity with the Convention and does not explicitly prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex. It is also concerned about the limited scope and applicability of the procedure for challenging laws deemed to be incompatible with the Constitution and international legal obligations. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendations to include in the Constitution a provision defining and prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex, in line with article 2 (a) of the Convention...and to amend articles 9 and 10 of the Constitution to ensure gender equality in the context of religious freedom and sectarian diversity" (pg 5).more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s seventh periodic report (CEDAW/C/PRT/7) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: . . . (b) Amendments to the Penal Code to include 'gender identity' as a prohibited ground of discrimination, in January 2013; (c) Law No. 7/2011 on gender identity, on 15 March 2010, and amendments to the Civil Code recognizing different forms of family relations, on 31 May 2010" (page 1-2).
April 4, 2018, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Constitution, which recognizes gender equality and prohibits genderbased discrimination, in 2013" (2). "The Committee welcomes the inclusion of the principle of gender equality and the prohibition of discrimination based on sex in the Constitution of 2013" (3).