The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CONST-LAW-1

Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"the Sultanate’s response is as follows: the Sultanate has striven to harmonize its legislation with the Basic Law of the State (Constitution), article 17 of which prohibits discrimination among citizens in respect of general rights and duties on the basis of sex" (Pg 6). "The Sultanate has worked to purge other legislation and laws of any provision that discriminates among citizens on the basis of sex. Omani legislation affirms that discrimination between individuals on the basis of sex is prohibited, as evidenced by article 2 of the Law of the Child, promulgated by Royal Decree No. 22/2014, which guarantees as a key right the prohibition of gender-based discrimination among children....more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for the equality of all citizens, but the law requires citizens to be Sunni Muslims" (17).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law forbids discrimination based on race, sex, disability, ethnicity, national origin, language, social status, beliefs, religion, sexual orientation, age, noncontagious chronic disease, HIV-positive status, membership in an underprivileged category, or on any criteria aimed at restricting human rights and fundamental freedoms" (23).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law and unimplemented constitution prohibit discrimination based on race, religion, political opinion, ethnic origin, social or economic status, disability, gender, age, and language, but the government did not enforce these prohibitions" (para 101)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or having other communicable diseases, and the government generally enforced the law effectively" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender identity, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, language, or HIVpositive status or other communicable diseases; however, the government did not regularly enforce these legal prohibitions" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Federal laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV positive status, or other communicable diseases" (13).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"While noting that the new anti-discrimination legislation includes the prohibition of discrimination based on sex, gender identity and sexual orientation, the Committee remains concerned that the State party failed to incorporate into this legislation a comprehensive definition of discrimination against women in accordance with article 1 of the Convention, and the principle of equality between women and men in accordance with article 2 (a)" (2).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates women’s right to participate in political processes, and authorities protected these rights" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates women’s right to participate in political processes, and authorities protected these rights" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, gender, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, or HIV or other communicable disease status, and the government actively enforced these prohibitions" (7). "The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV positive status or other communicable diseases" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity, age, language, or HIV or other communicable disease status, and the authorities effectively enforced these prohibitions" (9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on nationality, tribe, place of origin, political opinion, color, religion, sex, or station in life" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The interim constitution promulgated by the NCPO in July 2014 purports to protect 'all human dignity, rights, liberties, and equality of the people'" (34).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that, under the revised Constitution, which came into effect in April 2017, discrimination on various grounds, including sex, is prohibited and the principle of equality between men and women is guaranteed" (2). "However, the Committee expresses concern with regard to the following: (a) Under section 17 (2) of the Gender Equality Act, exceptions are allowed with regard to the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of gender, namely on grounds of religious principles and national security; (b) The prohibition of discrimination on the basis of gender in the Constitution and the Gender Equality Act does not apply in the southern border provinces, where special emergency laws continue...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The government generally respected the constitutional provisions for fundamental human rights and freedoms without discrimination based on race, sex, national and social origin, political views, or religion, and it effectively enforced these prohibitions" (13).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law does not prohibit discrimination based on sex, political opinion, national origin, citizenship, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, language, or communicable diseases; however, the constitution states all persons are equal before the law" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"While the constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or other communicable diseases, the government lacked effective legal instruments to enforce the prohibitions, and both governmental and societal discrimination persisted" (38).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"UK law prohibits discrimination based on age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage or civil partnership, race, religion or belief, sex, sexual orientation, disability, language, sexual orientation, or social status, and the government routinely enforced the law effectively. Bermudian law protects against discrimination because of race, place of origin, color, or ethnic or national origins, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, family status, religion or beliefs, political opinion, and, except where the nature of the an offense justifies different treatment, criminal record. " (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits discrimination based on race, religion, place of origin, political opinion, language, or sex, women remained victims of discrimination in the tradition-based society" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, sexual orientation, disability, language, or social status" (30). "The constitution provides for equality before the law of all persons and prohibits discrimination based on 'sex or social condition,' but it does not explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity" (36).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Constitution, which recognizes gender equality and prohibits genderbased discrimination, in 2013" (2). "The Committee welcomes the inclusion of the principle of gender equality and the prohibition of discrimination based on sex in the Constitution of 2013" (3).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The 2013 constitution outlines the basic rights of all individuals, including that all persons are equal before the law, are presumed innocent until proven guilty, and have the right to a defense lawyer and to a speedy public trial" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"[The constitution] prohibits discrimination based on one’s race, tribe, place of origin, political opinion, color, creed, gender, or disability. The bill of rights may not be arbitrarily amended and, in the section on the rights of women, states that all 'laws, customs, traditions, and practices that infringe the rights of women conferred by this constitution are void to the extent of the infringement'" (31).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin, social origin, disability, gender, age, and language" (14).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination on the grounds of race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or infection by other communicable disease" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Despite constitutional and legal protections, women remained the victims of discrimination in the male-dominated society" (9).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on sex, race, language, and religion, but it did not effectively enforce these prohibitions" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on 'origin, race, gender, language, religion, opinion, socioeconomic status, or any other reason,' but enforcement lagged, and discrimination persisted" (16).