The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CONST-LAW-1

Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

Constitution of the Republic: 1976 with reforms in 1992: ...Article 36: Marriage is based upon the absolute equality of rights and duties of spouses, who must attend to the household and the integral education of their children in a common effort. Article 41: All citizens have equal rights and are subject to equal duties. Article 42: Discrimination upon the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, religious belief or any other cause harmful to human dignity is prohibited and punishable by law. Article 43: Citizens, regardless of race, color, or sex, are entitled, inter alia, access to offices and positions of the State, public administration and production and delivery of ...more
July 6, 2017, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"Even though Tanzania's constitution guarantees equal rights to own property, customary law which often takes precedence, especially in rural areas, states that widows have no right to inherit from their husbands" (para 4).
June 12, 2017, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"In 2011, after the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, the country adopted a new Constitution that established gender equality" (p 7)
June 8, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Constitution grants citizens the right to ‘equality before the law’ and prohibits ‘discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste and sex.’ But it also gives Indians ‘the right to freely profess, practice and propagate religion’ and allows every religious denomination the right ‘to manage its own affairs in matters of religion.’ In practice, although the Constitution guarantees equal rights to all citizens regardless of their religion, matters dealing with marriage, divorce, alimony and inheritance are handled differently by members of different religions. India does not have a uniform set of laws on marriage and divorce that applies to all citizens" (p 7-8). The context is that Muslim women are ...more
May 5, 2017, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and the law prohibit discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, or social status; the government made efforts to enforce these prohibitions" (17). "The law prohibits discrimination regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation, social status, or 'other status' but does not specifically prohibit discrimination based on HIV status" (31).
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution states that all persons are equal before the law and entitled to equal protection of the law, and the government generally respected these provisions; there is no explicit provision granting equal rights to women" (20).
April 26, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination in 'political, social, and economic life for any reason whatsoever.' The law prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sex, gender, disability, race, nationality, ethnic origin, and sexual orientation" (16). "The constitution provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women and prohibits discrimination against women, although few laws exist to implement the provision" (18).
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity…" (12).
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Constitutional Declaration contains clear references to equal rights and states that all citizens are equal before the law in enjoying civil and political rights, equal opportunities, and the duties of citizenship without discrimination based on religion; sect; language; wealth; sex; descent; political views; social status; or regional, family, or tribal affiliations. The law mandates punishment of not less than one year’s imprisonment for anyone guilty of discrimination based on class, group, region of origin, gender, or color" (24).
April 6, 2017, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation, gender identity, and social status" (15). "Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status" (23).
March 28, 2017, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or other communicable diseases" (9). "The constitution states that 'men and women shall enjoy equal rights in all respects.' The law does not prohibit discrimination, but it does not mandate different statuses for men and women in family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws either" (11).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit discrimination on the grounds of race, sex…" (23). "The constitution provides for freedom of work for all citizens and prohibits discrimination based on sex, origin, religion, opinion, or marital status" (37).
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, political opinion, disability, language, social status, religion, or national origin or citizenship, and the government effectively enforced these provisions" (9).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, gender, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, age, or language" (14).
March 9, 2017, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, and language; however, government enforcement was generally inadequate" (13).
March 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and laws prohibit discrimination, including in employment, based on sex, parentage, race, language, country of origin, faith, religious and political opinion, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity, age, and social status" (17).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on race, religion, gender, disability, language, or social status, and the government generally enforced these prohibitions" (19). "The constitution provides for equality for women in the political, economic, and social spheres...The constitution, however, states its provisions against discrimination do not apply to adoption, marriage, divorce, burial, or devolution of property on death, and women experienced a wide range of discrimination in matrimonial, property, and inheritance rights" (21). "The constitution prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, gender, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, disability, sex, property, birth or other status" (29).
March 3, 2017, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law with new amendments from January 1 prohibit discrimination based on religion and belief, political opinion, ethnic and national origin, age, race, gender, disability or health condition, nationality, language, sexual orientation, participation in political and/or labor union activities, social status, or other personal characteristics" (10). "The constitution and laws prohibit discrimination in employment or occupation on the basis of race, gender, age, or other personal characteristics, such as disability, religion, political opinion, or health, language, sexual orientation and gender identity, or social status" (20).
March 3, 2017, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Although the constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on national origin, race, gender, religion, disability, language, or social status, the government did not enforce these provisions consistently" (14).
March 2, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"To curb the violence, the National Council for Women has adopted a number of measures that include amending Article 11 of the constitution to make it more equitable. It now reads, 'The state is committed to protecting women against all forms of violence'" (para 11).
March 1, 2017, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on race, culture, ethnic or social origin, color, place of origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, birth, primary language, economic or social or health status, disability, age, religion, conscience, marital status, or pregnancy" (16).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution provides all persons equal protection without discrimination based on race, nation, nationality or other social origin, color, gender, language, religion, political or other opinion, property, birth, or status, but the government did not fully promote and protect these rights" (26).
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on tribe, ethnicity, sex, religion, social group, and political opinion" (22).
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Although the constitution and other laws provide that all persons are equal before the law and prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, disability, language, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, social origin, national origin, or religion, the government did not effectively enforce these prohibitions" (16-17). "The constitution and regulations prohibit discrimination regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status" (29).
Feb. 17, 2017, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for government-promoted, gender-balanced representation in the public sector, including in the lists of political parties’ candidates for the National Assembly and other representative institutions" (26). "The constitution and the law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or health condition" (30).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, gender, or language" (18). "The constitution provides for equal treatment of citizens without distinction concerning gender, but custom and traditional societal discrimination, including in education, resulted in a secondary role for women in public life and fewer employment opportunities in the formal sector" (20).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Although the constitution or law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, and social status, such discrimination existed" (27).
Feb. 13, 2017, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, or social status, and the government effectively enforced these prohibitions" (11).
Feb. 8, 2017, 5:19 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, national origin, or 'any other type [of basis] offending human dignity'" (22).
Feb. 8, 2017, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, language, social status, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, and HIV positive status or other communicable diseases" (11).