The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CONST-LAW-1

Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that several laws, such as the Equal Opportunity Act (2000), provide for equality of women and men before the law and prohibit sex - based discrimination, but notes with concern: (a) The absence of legislation that provides for a comprehensive definition of discrimination against women, encompassing both direct and indirect discrimination in both the public and private spheres in line with article 1 of the Convention; (b) Discriminatory provisions in the Widows’ and Orphans’ Pensions Act (1934), the National Insurance Act (1971) and the Industrial Relations Act (1972) and the fact that the State party has not provided a time frame for amending or repealing those laws;...more
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution declares all citizens equal before the law with entitlement to equal protection of the law. It also explicitly recognizes the equal rights of women to those of men 'in all spheres of the state and of public life.' Nevertheless, women do not enjoy the same legal status and rights as men in family, property, and inheritance law" (26).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respected these rights" (para. 12).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respected these rights" (para. 12).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for punishment of up to three years in prison for “hate speech” or injurious acts related to language, race, nationality, color, gender, disability, political opinion, philosophical belief, religion, or sectarian differences. Human rights groups criticized the law for not including protections based on gender identity and noted that the law was sometimes used more to restrict freedom of speech than to protect minorities" (page 25). "The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, or social status, but the government did not enforce these prohibitions effectively. Government officials used discriminatory language toward opposition groups such as protesters, women, Kurds, Alevis, LGBTI individuals, and other vulnerable populations....more
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution states that a person “shall not be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his or her privacy, family, home, or correspondence, or to unlawful attacks on the person’s honor and reputation.” The government generally respected these prohibitions" (5).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"First and foremost, the Constitution itself establishes structural barriers to equality, and discriminates outright against women through failing to provide a CEDAW-compliant definition of discrimination and limiting job opportunities for women. It also discriminates against women indirectly by establishing the Parliamentary quotas for the military. Most of the laws that relate specifically to women are outdated, such as the Penal Code of 1861, and many laws, regulations, and policies (including customary law) are disadvantageous and discriminatory towards women. Laws passed since 2011 often did not take women’s concerns into account and some, such as the Laws on Race & Religion, are discriminatory outright. Women also do not enjoy protection from...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, CONST-LAW-1

"However, it is concerned that the different levels of authority and competences within the State party’s federal structure result in a differentiated application of the law depending on whether or not appropriate harmonization of the relevant legislation has been conducted at the state level, such as with respect to the principle of non-discrimination and equality between men and women. The Committee notes with concern that this situation results in discriminatory provisions against women or to different definitions and sanctions related to, inter alia, rape, abortion, forced disappearances, trafficking, injuries and homicide for reasons of so-called honour, as well as on adultery across the 32 states of the State party" (3).more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law specifically prohibits discrimination based on sex, gender, age, marital status, language, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation, political affiliation or conviction, ethnic origin, nationality, religion or belief, race, social origin, property, birth, or any other characteristic" (para 106). "The law provides the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (para 120)
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and gender identity, or social status, and the government was generally effective in enforcing these prohibitions" (para 136)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, or social status, the government did not effectively enforce the law. There were reports of violence against women, trafficking in persons, and discrimination against persons with disabilities and LGBTI persons" (page 27). " The constitution and law provide for equal rights and freedoms for men and women. The law prohibits discrimination based on gender" (page 29). "According to the constitution, no one shall be subject to any discrimination for reasons of origin; occupational, social, or property status; sex; race; nationality; language; religion or belief; place of residence; or any other circumstances" (page 33).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and laws provide that men and women are equal under the law and prohibit discrimination based on race, religion, citizenship, political opinion, gender, disability, language, HIV-positive status, or social status. Discrimination was widespread, and antidiscrimination laws, in particular laws against violence against women and children, generally were not enforced" (page 13). "The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. Nevertheless, women faced pervasive discrimination, especially in rural areas where traditional customs, including polygyny and discriminatory rules of inheritance, were strongest" (page 16).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, and social status “in conformity with Islamic criteria,” but the government did not effectively enforce these prohibitions, and many discriminatory provisions are built into the law" (para 146). "The constitution provides for equal protection for women under the law and for all human, political, economic, social, and cultural rights in conformity with its interpretation of Islam" (para 154)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution does not explicitly prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, language, or HIV positive status or other communicable diseases. It provides for equal rights for all citizens, both native and naturalized" (para 143)
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Article 9 of the Palestinian Basic Law, promulgated in 2003 and last amended in 2005, provides for equality before the law without distinction based upon sex" (para 20). "An official from the Women’s Affairs Ministry said that in March, the government set up a ministerial committee to review the personal status laws" (para 45).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on sex, gender, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, political activity or opinion, civil status, status as a member of Afro-descendent or indigenous communities, and physical appearance" (para 98)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution provides that all citizens are equal before the law without regard to gender, sect, opinion, belief, nationality, or origin. The law prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, language, religion, social origin, political opinion, age, or social status" (para 233). "Although the constitution forbids discrimination based on gender, conservative societal standards impeded women’s ability to enjoy the same legal status and rights as men in all aspects of the judicial system" (para 252). "The constitution provides that all citizens are equal before the law without regard to gender, sect, opinion, belief, nationality, or origin. The law prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, social origin, political opinion, language, or...more
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"the Sultanate’s response is as follows: the Sultanate has striven to harmonize its legislation with the Basic Law of the State (Constitution), article 17 of which prohibits discrimination among citizens in respect of general rights and duties on the basis of sex" (Pg 6). "The Sultanate has worked to purge other legislation and laws of any provision that discriminates among citizens on the basis of sex. Omani legislation affirms that discrimination between individuals on the basis of sex is prohibited, as evidenced by article 2 of the Law of the Child, promulgated by Royal Decree No. 22/2014, which guarantees as a key right the prohibition of gender-based discrimination among children....more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for the equality of all citizens, but the law requires citizens to be Sunni Muslims" (17).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law forbids discrimination based on race, sex, disability, ethnicity, national origin, language, social status, beliefs, religion, sexual orientation, age, noncontagious chronic disease, HIV-positive status, membership in an underprivileged category, or on any criteria aimed at restricting human rights and fundamental freedoms" (23).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law and unimplemented constitution prohibit discrimination based on race, religion, political opinion, ethnic origin, social or economic status, disability, gender, age, and language, but the government did not enforce these prohibitions" (para 101)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or having other communicable diseases, and the government generally enforced the law effectively" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender identity, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, language, or HIVpositive status or other communicable diseases; however, the government did not regularly enforce these legal prohibitions" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Federal laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV positive status, or other communicable diseases" (13).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"While noting that the new anti-discrimination legislation includes the prohibition of discrimination based on sex, gender identity and sexual orientation, the Committee remains concerned that the State party failed to incorporate into this legislation a comprehensive definition of discrimination against women in accordance with article 1 of the Convention, and the principle of equality between women and men in accordance with article 2 (a)" (2).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates women’s right to participate in political processes, and authorities protected these rights" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates women’s right to participate in political processes, and authorities protected these rights" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, gender, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, or HIV or other communicable disease status, and the government actively enforced these prohibitions" (7). "The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV positive status or other communicable diseases" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity, age, language, or HIV or other communicable disease status, and the authorities effectively enforced these prohibitions" (9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on nationality, tribe, place of origin, political opinion, color, religion, sex, or station in life" (20).