The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"Couples and individuals generally had the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of children, but information on reproductive health and access to quality reproductive health services and emergency obstetric care was not widely available. The 2013 NDHS reported the maternal mortality rate was 576 deaths per 100,000 live births, due to such factors as lack of access to antenatal care, skilled birth attendants, emergency obstetric care, and other medical services. According to 2013 estimates by the UN, World Health Organization, and World Bank, there were approximately 40,000 maternal deaths in 2013, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 31. Skilled health-care personnel attended a...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DACH-DATA-1, DACH-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"The government provides free health care for children up to five years of age, leading to increased access to health centers for women’s general and essential obstetric and postpartum care, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Due to a shortage of skilled health professionals and limited resources, many women used traditional midwives during childbirth and were referred to hospitals only when the mother or child suffered health complications. According to the 2012 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), 30 percent of births took place in health centers, and skilled personnel attended 29 percent of births. The maternal mortality ratio (the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) was 630...more
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The proportion of women age 15-49 in Malawi who received antenatal care (ANC) from a skilled provider has risen from 90% in 1992 to 95% in 2010 and in 2015-16. In 2015-16, only 24% of women had their first ANC visit during the first trimester of pregnancy and only 51% completed four or more visits. Pregnant women are more likely to have their weight measured (97%), foetal heartbeat checked (96%), blood sample taken (93%), and blood pressure measured (83%) than to have their height checked (52%) or only a urine sample taken (32%). Protection against neonatal tetanus: Of women’s last live births, 90% were protected against neonatal tetanus. Institutional deliveries...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The data from the 2011 Demographic and Health Inquiry indicates an increase of pre-natal care to pregnant women from about 85% to 91%, and increased institutional births from 47% to 54%" (22). "The approval of the first National Prevention and Treatment of Obstetric Fistula Strategy in 2012, which will affect 2,000 women per annum, majoritarian s. Its worthy noting that 377 women were treated in 2013 compared to 187 in 2010, when the fistula program started to be implemented" (23).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel… 99.8" (xxi). "Free delivery care vouchers and state certificates for free child health care have been in use since their respective introductions in 2008 and 2011. Additional financial contributions within these programs resulted in a three-to-four-fold rise in the wages of health workers, which significantly contributed to truly free and affordable delivery services for the population" (3). "All women who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey received antenatal care (ANC) from a skilled provider for their most recent birth; 94 percent received care during their first trimester of pregnancy. Virtually all women who gave birth in the 5 years...more
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"About 98 percent of health facilities in Nepal offer antenatal care (ANC) services" (117). "Ninety percent of health facilities had all essential ANC medicines (combined iron and folic acid tablets, and albendazole tablets) available for ANC clients. Almost half of all observed ANC clients were counseled on nutrition during pregnancy. One-third of clients were advised on issues relating to the progress of their pregnancy. Two out of ten clients were counseled on importance of at least four ANC visits and on birth/planning/preparedness measures" (117). "Overall, one-third of ANC clients reported that the provider had discussed any of the warning signs for pregnancy complications. When asked to name warning signs, ANC...more
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the low rates of perinatal mortality in the State party. It is, however, concerned about continued reports that childbirth conditions and obstetric services unduly curtail women’s reproductive health choices, including: (a) Unnecessary separation of newborns from their mothers without medical grounds; (b) Disproportionate limitations on home childbirths; (c) Frequent use of episiotomy without medical need and in contravention of the preference of the mother; (d) Undue restrictions on the use of midwives in lieu of physicians or gynaecologists in situations where such use does not pose a health risk" (9).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Most women gave birth at home attended by traditional midwives and did not see a doctor during their pregnancies or after delivery" (37).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"94% of women age 15-49 with a live birth in the 5 years preceding the survey received antenatal care (ANC) from a skilled provider for their most recent birth. Eighty-seven percent of women had four or more ANC visits for their most recent birth; 71% had their first ANC visit during the first trimester… 78% of births in the 5 years preceding the survey were delivered in a health facility. Institutional deliveries decrease as birth order increases, from 86% for first births to 53% for sixth- or higher-order births… 84% of births in the 5 years preceding the survey were delivered by a skilled provider… Overall, 13% of births in...more
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Through support from UNFPA, Maternity Waiting Homes were established to accommodate pregnant women and their families from interior locations during pre- and post-delivery. It is submitted that the curricula for health workers include comprehensive, mandatory, gender-sensitive courses on women’s health and human rights, gender-based violence through formal diploma to post-graduate training at the University of Guyana Medical School and the Nursing Schools. Additionally, the Ministry of Health from time to time conducts seminars and specialized courses for health practitioners" (30). "For women accessing precondition care and postnatal care, contraceptive services and education are accessible in the package of maternal and child health services. For instance, in 2014, a total of...more
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Most women (88%) age 15-49 with a live birth in the past 5 years received antenatal care from a skilled provider during their most recent pregnancy, and 78% completed more than four visits... Almost all women (98%) who received antenatal care for their most recent pregnancy in the past 5 years had a blood sample taken, (98%) had their blood pressure measured (94%), and had a urine sample taken (98%). …Ninety-nine percent of live births in the past 5 years were delivered in a health facility (99%) with skilled birth attendants (100%). …For the most recent births in the past 2 years, 88% of women and 86% of newborns received...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"99.96 per cent deliveries are performed with the help of professional staff. One in seven women in BiH delivers by Caesarean section (14 per cent), which is a trend on a rise" (33).
April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"[Macau] Access to information on family planning, contraception, and prenatal care was widely available, as was skilled attendance at delivery and postpartum care" (page 135).
March 22, 2019, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Mothers are given breastfeeding advice and health visitors go to homes free of charge . . . Women in childbearing years: In each rural health centre, health visitors provide services on family planning and maternity issues once a week. Local authorities, in partnership with local NGOs and the rural health centres, organize lectures on health education, nutrition, and healthy lifestyles, as well as lectures especially designed for women, including issues such as pregnancy, menopause, female genital mutilation, postpartum depression, etc" (29).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Outside of Damascus, women reportedly had little to no regular access to contraception and maternal health services, such as skilled attendance during pregnancy and childbirth, prenatal care, or essential obstetric and postpartum care. Activists reported government detention centers did not afford medical care to women during pregnancy or birth" (para 191).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that fewer than 300 midwives, providing prenatal care for more than 60,000 pregnant women annually, are available in only half of the municipalities in the State party. Postnatal care guidelines, recommending a home visit to all newborns, cannot therefore be fully implemented" (13).
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Health designed specific mechanisms for early detection and appropriate management of obstetric complications, including those arising from unsafe abortions. In that regard various actors in the health sector produced and disseminated the Protocol for Prevention of Unsafe Abortion, which includes guidelines for appropriate care of abortion complications (Recommendation 3 (b))" (32). "A Clinical Safety Model for Emergency Obstetric Care has been implemented as a set of tools for continuous improvement of health institutions within the System of Compulsory Quality Assurance, through which regular assessment is conducted of the network of services available for the care of obstetric emergencies of high and medium complexity, validating and implementing the...more
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The Citizens’ Alliance for North Korean Human Rights 2013 report on the Status of Women’s Rights in the Context of Socio-Economic Changes in the DPRK found that the birth of a baby with disabilities--regardless of circumstances--was considered a 'curse,' and doctors lacked training to diagnose and treat such persons" (22).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Medical care for women during pregnancy, delivery and the postnatal period is provided free of charge and covers proper care and nutrition, including for nursing mothers until the child reaches the age of 1, throughout the in-hospital period. In addition, a national screening programme is in operation for early detection of diseases with full coverage of target population groups, in the framework of which it is envisaged that the diagnosis of congenital and hereditary diseases in the foetus and newborn child will be improved. Effective perinatal technologies have been introduced, as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) (safe childbirth, demedicalization of deliveries, accompanied deliveries, timely and high-quality primary resuscitation...more
March 7, 2019, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Although skilled attendance at birth was more than 90 percent, the UN Population Fund estimated maternal mortality to be 130 deaths per 100,000 live births. Women had easier access to emergency services in the coastal area than in the interior, where regional clinics were remote and transportation to Paramaribo for medical services could be expensive and long" (12).
March 7, 2019, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Births in cells are thought to be rare, although nobody knows exactly how many occur or even how many prisoners are pregnant because neither the Ministry of Justice nor the NHS collects the data. But the lack of direct access, even on the phone, to a midwife for a women who thinks she is in labour makes it a risk. Prison nursing staff are not often trained to know when a woman is in labour, nor to cope with emergency deliveries if they cannot get the woman to hospital in time" (4). "At 11pm she began to have contractions, she said. By midnight they were getting stronger and she called...more
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The World Health Organization estimated the maternal mortality rate to be 602 per 100,000 live births. This high rate was due to lack of medical equipment, low participation by mothers in programs promoting prenatal care, births without the assistance of health professionals, poor sanitary conditions during birth, and maternal malnutrition. According to UNICEF, skilled health personnel attended approximately 64.5 percent of births. The AFCF stressed that these deficiencies applied in particular to poor women or to those from traditionally lower castes, such as slaves and former slaves, who often lacked access to contraception, obstetric and postpartum care, and treatment for sexually transmitted infections. The Mauritanian Association for the Health of...more
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Skilled medical personnel attended 99 percent of births, and women generally had access to postpartum care. Local and international NGOs confirmed that hospitals prevented refugee mothers from removing their newborn children from the hospital until they paid the hospital bill" (23).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

Recent improvements to the Women’s Hospital include the addition of new observation units and expansion of the maternal-fetal unit, which provides services to women with high-risk pregnancies (53).
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"92% of women age 15-49 who had a live birth in the 5 years preceding the survey received antenatal care from a skilled provider for their most recent birth. Approximately two-thirds of women had four or more antenatal care visits (64%) and received care in the first trimester of pregnancy (67%). . . Almost all pregnant women who received antenatal care for their most recent birth had their blood pressure measured (99%) and had urine and blood samples taken (98% each). Forty-four percent of pregnant women took iron supplements, while only 2% took intestinal parasite drugs. . . Nine in 10 births (88%) take place in a health facility, and...more
Feb. 26, 2019, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty years ago, eight out of 10 women in Churcampa gave birth at home, with help only from relatives or unskilled birth attendants... But things are different now. Today, 95 per cent of deliveries in the province take place at the Churcampa Health Centre, and maternal health has greatly improved" (para. 3 - 4).
Feb. 23, 2019, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"With regard to appropriate services in connection with pregnancy, confinement and the post-natal period, as well as adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation, article 14 of Act No. 15/013 of 1 August 2015 on means of giving effect to women’s rights and gender parity provides that ‘the State shall guarantee to women, during pregnancy, confinement and the post-natal period, adequate health-care services at reduced cost, within reasonable distances and, where appropriate, free of charge, as well as earned social and employee benefits’" (10). "As a result, the maternal mortality rate was reduced to 549 per 100,000 births in 2011, as compared to 1,289 per 100,000 live births in 2001; 88...more
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s ability to make decisions regarding reproduction was limited, and many lacked information on sexual and reproductive health. Women faced pressure to defer to their husbands and family on reproductive matters, including the number, spacing, and timing of pregnancies. Women often did not have access to contraception and skilled attendance during childbirth, including essential obstetric and postpartum care. . . . Many women and girls gave birth at home with only family members present. The 2013 DHS indicated skilled health personnel attended 55 percent of births" (page 21).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"National health-care protocols require that women be offered postpartum care and counseling on methods and services related to family planning. The government offered special programs to meet the needs of vulnerable target groups, such as adolescents, internally displaced persons, urban migrants, persons in prostitution, and the very poor. In many remote villages, however, reproductive health-care services were nonexistent. Where remote services were available, the rugged terrain, inadequate roads, or lack of transport made them nearly inaccessible" (Pg 25).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"According to the UN Population Fund’s 2015 Trends in Maternal Mortality Report, the country had a maternal mortality rate estimated at 725 per 100,000 live births, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 28. Reducing maternal mortality remained a priority of the government, and activities in past years included additional training of midwives and providing incentives to pregnant women to seek prenatal care and childbirth at a hospital or clinic. Most women delivered outside of health facilities" (Pg 17).