The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Ninety-three percent of women age 15-49 who gave birth in the 5 years preceding the survey received antenatal care (ANC) from a skilled provider during pregnancy for their most recent birth. However, only 39 percent received any antenatal care during their first trimester... Nearly all women who received ANC had their blood pressure measured (97 percent) and a blood sample taken (98 percent)... Seventy-seven percent of live births in the 5 years preceding the survey took place in a health facility... Six percent of births in the past 5 years were delivered via Caesarean section... Among women who gave birth in the 2 years preceding the survey, 57 percent received...more
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"A 2015 women’s parity law provides women a number of protections. It permits women to participate in economic domains without approval of male relatives, provides for maternity care, disallows inequities linked to dowries, and specifies fines and other sanctions for those who discriminate or engage in gender-based abuse. Women, however, experienced economic discrimination" (page 41).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Fifty-nine percent of women who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey received antenatal care from a skilled provider for their most recent birth. However, only 18% had the recommended four or more ANC visits" (135). "Slightly less than half of births are delivered in a health facility (48%). Home deliveries are more common in rural communities (59%) than in urban communities (23%). Seventy-seven percent of poor households deliver at home" (135). "Forty percent of women and only 9% of newborns receive the recommended postnatal health check within 2 days of delivery" (135). "Blood pressure measurements are an important component of antenatal care, as specified in the Basic...more
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) reported that infrastructure damage reduced the number of facilities and health personnel able to provide pregnant women with antenatal and postnatal care and skilled attendance at delivery. Female victims subjected to sexual violence lacked access to health care. Violence throughout the country made accessing medical care both costly and dangerous, and the COI reported that the government and armed extremists sometimes denied pregnant women passage through checkpoints, forcing them to give birth in unsterile and often dangerous conditions, without pain medication or adequate medical treatment. In January 2016 UNFPA estimated that approximately 540,000 women in the country and in nearby refugee camps were pregnant and...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, BR-DATA-1

"The extremely high rates of maternal mortality, fertility (7.6 children per woman), early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting incidence of obstetric fistula, and acute malnutrition affecting women" (11).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"That oversight procedures and mechanisms for ensuring adequate standards of care and respect for women’s rights, dignity and autonomy during deliveries are lacking and options for giving birth outside hospitals are limited" (9). "That Roma women are segregated from other patients in maternity hospitals" (9).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The MoH has implemented the National Strategic Plan for Prevention of HIV from Mother to Child 2008–2015, which provides care to all pregnant women including blood tests for anemia, HIV/AIDS and STIs. In 2015, 1,216 health facilities provided these services. In 2015, 80 per cent of pregnant women were voluntarily tested for HIV, up from only 15 per cent in 2008" (26). "The percentage of pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS on anti-retroviral treatment (ART/V) increased from only 27 per cent in 2008 to 67.7 per cent in 2013 to 83.3 per cent in 2015. The mother-to-child transmission rate of HIV infection declined from 13 per cent in 2013 to 6.2...more
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, DACH-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; manage their reproductive health; and have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. A lack of access to information and services remained a problem, however. Many women lacked access to contraception and skilled attendance during childbirth, including essential prenatal, obstetric, and postpartum care. The 2013-14 Zambia Health and Demographic Survey (ZDHS) indicated significant improvements in these areas: 45 percent of women ages 15-49 accessed modern family planning methods in 2013-14, compared with 33 percent in 2007. The percentage of childbirths assisted by a skilled provider increased...more
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Almost all women (97%) age 15-49 with a live birth in the past 5 years received antenatal care (ANC) from a skilled provider during their most recent pregnancy. However, only 29% of women had their first ANC visit during the first trimester of pregnancy. Sixty percent completed at least four ANC visits" (141). "Most women who attended ANC for their most recent pregnancy in the past 5 years had a blood sample taken (93%), were weighed (88%), and had their blood pressure measured (72%); they were less likely to have a urine sample taken (39%)" (141). "More than 7 in 10 live births in the past 5 years were delivered...more
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Contraception generally was available to men and women. In most districts maternity clinics were available and staffed by fully trained doctors, who gave a wide range of prenatal and postpartum care. There were reports that more women in rural areas than in urban areas gave birth at home without the presence of skilled medical attendants" (Pg 29).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The 2011 Uganda DHS reported a maternal mortality rate of 438 deaths per 100,000 live births. Skilled healthcare personnel attended 42 percent of births. Health officials attributed the high maternal mortality rate to medical complications and limited capacity of health-care facilities to manage complications. On May 13, the High Court ruled in favor of the family of a woman who died in 2011 due to obstructed labor after the hospital staff left her unattended for eight hours. The court found the human and maternal rights of the deceased were violated and ordered the Nakaseke District Local Administration, which had oversight of the hospital, to pay 35 million shillings ($9,589) in...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"Skilled health-care personnel attended approximately 60 percent of births. Although the government provided free cesarean sections, it did not provide free childbirth services generally, and the lack of doctors meant most women used skilled midwives for childbirth as well as for prenatal and postnatal care, unless the mother or child suffered serious health complications. The maternal mortality rate was 400 deaths per 100,000 live births, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 50, according to the DHS. The most common causes of maternal mortality were hemorrhaging, adolescent pregnancy, and lack of access to skilled obstetric care during childbirth" (Pg 12).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"According to 2015 World Health Organization estimates, the average maternal mortality rate in the country was 270 deaths per 100,000 live births. The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) estimated that only 30 percent of children were delivered by a skilled health professional and 78 percent were delivered at home. Access to maternal health services remained a challenge for people in rural areas, although each district has at least one medical facility that provides maternal care. Sixty-one percent of mothers received antenatal care from a medical professional, and 32 percent of mothers received post-partum care. Recent efforts by the government and NGOs have expanded access to midwives and other skilled professionals in...more
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"There is no official legal mechanism for the protection of women during maternity leave, and social compensation during leave is unequally regulated in different parts of the country" (p. 21).
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"According to the UN Population Fund, the maternal mortality rate was approximately 1,100 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, with only 61 percent of births being attended by skilled health professionals between 2006 and 2013. With support from the international donor community, the government continued to implement the free health-care initiative launched in 2010, and the number of women seeking prenatal care and giving birth in medical facilities increased. Nonetheless, the program continued to be plagued with problems delivering drugs and other supplies to rural areas" (Pg 19). "Before the Ebola outbreak in May 2014 and throughout 2015, the proportion of women who gave birth in hospitals and in “peripheral...more
June 20, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"According to the United Nations, the estimated maternal mortality ratio in during the year was 290 deaths per 100,000 live births, with a lifetime risk of maternal death of one in 66. Major factors influencing maternal mortality included lack of skilled health-care attendants at birth, lack of access to health facilities due to cost or distance, and unhygienic conditions. According to the UN Population Fund, skilled birth attendants attended 91 percent of births in 2014" (Pg 32).
June 20, 2019, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"To receive maternity care, a woman must have a marriage certificate, although in practice hospitals will assist in the birth of children of unwed women" (p. 15).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"According to the National Institute of Population Studies’ 2012-13 Demographic and Health Survey, 27 percent of women received no prenatal care; however, the report showed a substantial improvement in the proportion of mothers receiving antenatal care over the prior 13 years, increasing from 43 percent in 2001 to 73 percent in 2013. The survey also revealed that skilled health-care providers delivered 52 percent of births and that 48 percent of births took place in a medical facility" (Pg 46).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"women who get pregnant outside of marriage will likely be forced to give birth inside the house because it is illegal to go to hospital to give birth to a baby who is being born outside of wedlock" (para 14).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"Couples and individuals generally had the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of children, but information on reproductive health and access to quality reproductive health services and emergency obstetric care was not widely available. The 2013 NDHS reported the maternal mortality rate was 576 deaths per 100,000 live births, due to such factors as lack of access to antenatal care, skilled birth attendants, emergency obstetric care, and other medical services. According to 2013 estimates by the UN, World Health Organization, and World Bank, there were approximately 40,000 maternal deaths in 2013, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 31. Skilled health-care personnel attended a...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DACH-DATA-1, DACH-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"The government provides free health care for children up to five years of age, leading to increased access to health centers for women’s general and essential obstetric and postpartum care, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Due to a shortage of skilled health professionals and limited resources, many women used traditional midwives during childbirth and were referred to hospitals only when the mother or child suffered health complications. According to the 2012 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), 30 percent of births took place in health centers, and skilled personnel attended 29 percent of births. The maternal mortality ratio (the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) was 630...more
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The proportion of women age 15-49 in Malawi who received antenatal care (ANC) from a skilled provider has risen from 90% in 1992 to 95% in 2010 and in 2015-16. In 2015-16, only 24% of women had their first ANC visit during the first trimester of pregnancy and only 51% completed four or more visits. Pregnant women are more likely to have their weight measured (97%), foetal heartbeat checked (96%), blood sample taken (93%), and blood pressure measured (83%) than to have their height checked (52%) or only a urine sample taken (32%). Protection against neonatal tetanus: Of women’s last live births, 90% were protected against neonatal tetanus. Institutional deliveries...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The data from the 2011 Demographic and Health Inquiry indicates an increase of pre-natal care to pregnant women from about 85% to 91%, and increased institutional births from 47% to 54%" (22). "The approval of the first National Prevention and Treatment of Obstetric Fistula Strategy in 2012, which will affect 2,000 women per annum, majoritarian s. Its worthy noting that 377 women were treated in 2013 compared to 187 in 2010, when the fistula program started to be implemented" (23).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel… 99.8" (xxi). "Free delivery care vouchers and state certificates for free child health care have been in use since their respective introductions in 2008 and 2011. Additional financial contributions within these programs resulted in a three-to-four-fold rise in the wages of health workers, which significantly contributed to truly free and affordable delivery services for the population" (3). "All women who gave birth in the 5 years before the survey received antenatal care (ANC) from a skilled provider for their most recent birth; 94 percent received care during their first trimester of pregnancy. Virtually all women who gave birth in the 5 years...more
May 29, 2019, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"About 98 percent of health facilities in Nepal offer antenatal care (ANC) services" (117). "Ninety percent of health facilities had all essential ANC medicines (combined iron and folic acid tablets, and albendazole tablets) available for ANC clients. Almost half of all observed ANC clients were counseled on nutrition during pregnancy. One-third of clients were advised on issues relating to the progress of their pregnancy. Two out of ten clients were counseled on importance of at least four ANC visits and on birth/planning/preparedness measures" (117). "Overall, one-third of ANC clients reported that the provider had discussed any of the warning signs for pregnancy complications. When asked to name warning signs, ANC...more
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the low rates of perinatal mortality in the State party. It is, however, concerned about continued reports that childbirth conditions and obstetric services unduly curtail women’s reproductive health choices, including: (a) Unnecessary separation of newborns from their mothers without medical grounds; (b) Disproportionate limitations on home childbirths; (c) Frequent use of episiotomy without medical need and in contravention of the preference of the mother; (d) Undue restrictions on the use of midwives in lieu of physicians or gynaecologists in situations where such use does not pose a health risk" (9).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Most women gave birth at home attended by traditional midwives and did not see a doctor during their pregnancies or after delivery" (37).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"94% of women age 15-49 with a live birth in the 5 years preceding the survey received antenatal care (ANC) from a skilled provider for their most recent birth. Eighty-seven percent of women had four or more ANC visits for their most recent birth; 71% had their first ANC visit during the first trimester… 78% of births in the 5 years preceding the survey were delivered in a health facility. Institutional deliveries decrease as birth order increases, from 86% for first births to 53% for sixth- or higher-order births… 84% of births in the 5 years preceding the survey were delivered by a skilled provider… Overall, 13% of births in...more
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Through support from UNFPA, Maternity Waiting Homes were established to accommodate pregnant women and their families from interior locations during pre- and post-delivery. It is submitted that the curricula for health workers include comprehensive, mandatory, gender-sensitive courses on women’s health and human rights, gender-based violence through formal diploma to post-graduate training at the University of Guyana Medical School and the Nursing Schools. Additionally, the Ministry of Health from time to time conducts seminars and specialized courses for health practitioners" (30). "For women accessing precondition care and postnatal care, contraceptive services and education are accessible in the package of maternal and child health services. For instance, in 2014, a total of...more
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Most women (88%) age 15-49 with a live birth in the past 5 years received antenatal care from a skilled provider during their most recent pregnancy, and 78% completed more than four visits... Almost all women (98%) who received antenatal care for their most recent pregnancy in the past 5 years had a blood sample taken, (98%) had their blood pressure measured (94%), and had a urine sample taken (98%). …Ninety-nine percent of live births in the past 5 years were delivered in a health facility (99%) with skilled birth attendants (100%). …For the most recent births in the past 2 years, 88% of women and 86% of newborns received...more