The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to improve the health status of women and girls through the adoption of such policies as the national health policy of 2016. Nevertheless, it notes with concern...the high incidence of obstetric fistula and the limited access to antenatal, delivery and postnatal care owing to physical and economic barriers" (12-13)
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti

"However, it is concerned about the inadequate budget allocated to the health sector, particularly to maternity care, its heavy reliance on external financial support and women’s limited access to basic health services and essential obstetric care, in particular in rural areas" (12).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia

"The National Evidence-Based Antenatal Care Guidelines support Australian maternity services to provide high-quality antenatal care to healthy pregnant women...In November 2010, the Australian Government and state and territory government health ministers endorsed the National Maternity Services Plan––a national framework to guide policy and programme development across Australia for five years. It focuses on primary maternity services during the antenatal, intra-partum and postnatal periods and identifies four key priority areas: access, service delivery, workforce and infrastructure...Around one in 10 Australian women experience depression during pregnancy, and up to one in seven experience it in the year after giving birth. The National Perinatal Depression Initiative funds improved prevention and early detection of...more
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan

"Women had access to contraception and maternal health services, including skilled attendance during childbirth, prenatal care, and essential obstetric and postpartum care" (15).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam

"The constitution stipulates that society, families, and all citizens implement 'the population and family planning program.' The law affirms an individual’s right to choose contraceptive methods; access gynecological diagnosis, treatment, and check-ups during pregnancy; and obtain medical services when giving birth at health facilities. The government generally enforced these provisions" (40).
April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania

"Operational targets that were to have been achieved by the end of 2015: . . . To increase coverage of emergency obstetric care from 64% to 100% of hospitals and basic comprehensive emergency obstetric care services from 5% to 70% of health centres and dispensaries; . . . To increase provision of services that will prevent HIV transmission from mother to child in at least 80% of pregnant women, their babies, and their families; To increase the proportion of health facilities offering essential newborn care to 75%" (page 6-7).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso

"With regard to affordability, note should made of the following measures: 1) Free first treatment of pregnant women and children under 5 for severe malaria;...3) Free vaccination of pregnant women (93 per cent of that group in 2013) and children, and prenatal care; 4) Free antiretroviral treatment; 5) Free full prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT, 92.8 per cent coverage in 2009); 6) Subsidization of contraceptives (coverage: 69-97 per cent depending on the type of contraceptive); 7) Birth-care and emergency obstetric or neonatal care (SONU) subsidization" (28-29). "The nomadic life of the population of the Sahel region requires measures encouraging the mobility of service providers. Subject to the same conditions as...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait

"The State provides family planning services at mother and child centres, which also offer advice on nutrition for pregnant women and infants; breastfeeding is encouraged...When giving birth, an ambulance service is available free of charge for all and State hospitals offer free services to all women, whether delivery is natural or by Caesarean section. For a charge of only KWD 2 (USD 7) upon arrival, expatriates receive full medical treatment (delivery), nursing care, basic laboratory tests, accommodation, meals and medication" (25).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s significant achievements in reducing infant and maternal mortality, but is concerned about the limited freedom experienced by women in their family planning and their choices of birth methods. It is particularly concerned about the reports that women are often subjected to overly medicalized births and caesarean operations without having been consulted beforehand. The Committee is also concerned about the amendments in 2015 to the law on voluntary termination of pregnancy (2007), which impose stringent conditions in the form of four separate obligatory consultations prior to abortion, in addition to fees. The Committee recommends that the State party provide for adequate safeguards to ensure that...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar

"The Committee is concerned that medical fees and costs for treatment or medication continue to limit access to health care for most women. . . . The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 31) and calls upon the State party: (a) To reduce maternal mortality by improving access to basic prenatal and antenatal care and emergency obstetric care and by ensuring the presence of skilled birth attendants at birth, especially in rural areas, taking into consideration the technical guidance of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights on the application of a human rights -based approach to the implementation of policies and programmes to...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi

"In fact, the State’s health care subsidies for children under five, pregnant women and women in childbirth have extended access and the need to expand infrastructure at the same pace and within reach of the beneficiaries" (21). "The Committee has recommended that the Burundian State “take appropriate measures to improve women’s access to health care and health-related services” (Paragraph 36). Numerous steps have been taken in that direction, including, in particular, the following: 1) Since April 2010, performance-based financing built into reimbursement of the cost-free care package for women who are pregnant or giving birth has been extended, on an equal footing, to the whole of the country and has...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to improve the health status of women, but notes with concern: (a) The high rates of maternal mortality and child mortality; (b) The high number of adolescent pregnancies and the insufficient measures taken to ensure access to sexual and reproductive health services and information, including modern contraceptives; (c) The fact that abortion is criminalized except when the life or health of the pregnant woman is at risk, and the impact that that has on the high maternal mortality rate; (d) The disproportionately high HIV prevalence among women and the prevalence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; (e) The fact that, in...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador

"To ensure continued provision of free services during the pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum periods, and proper nutrition during pregnancy and nursing, the Ministry of Health has formulated Technical Guidelines for Women’s Healthcare during pre-conception, childbirth, the puerperal stage and the newborn stage; Technical Operational Guidelines for the Childbirth Plan Strategy; and has built the National Women’s Hospital, a tertiary referral hospital provided with the necessary equipment and staffed with new human resources. This infrastructure replaces the Dr. Raúl Arguello Escolán National Maternity Hospital" (28). "By providing additional human resources, it has been possible to extend coverage of gynaecological-obstetric services to 24 hours/7 days a week at 20 of the 28...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"The Committee welcomes the numerous measures taken by the State party to address maternal mortality and expand universal health coverage, but remains concerned about: (a) The persistently high rates of maternal mortality, the limited health infrastructure for pregnant women, the insufficient number of skilled personnel attending births and women’s limited access to essential obstetric care; (b) The lack of comprehensive education on sexual and reproductive health and rights and family planning services, and the limited access to modern contraceptives; (c) The criminalization of abortion (art. 305 of the Penal Code); the restrictive conditions under which abortion is available under the code of professional conduct (i.e. only in cases of threats...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea

"The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) The persisting high maternal mortality rate linked to inadequate prenatal care and the limited number of assisted childbirths, as well as the high number of early pregnancies" (13-14). "The Committee is concerned, however, about...The discontinuation of vocational training for midwives" (13-14).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland

"The Committee welcomes the introduction of prenatal programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and of clandestine abortions, which have contributed to the increase in maternal mortality in recent years. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To intensify the implementation of HIV/AIDS response strategies, especially preventive strategies, and to continue to provide free antiretroviral treatment to all women and men living with HIV/AIDS, including pregnant women so as to prevent mother-to-child transmission; (b) To step up efforts to reduce the incidence of maternal mortality, such as providing safe abortion and post-abortion care services" (page 9-10).more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"The following indicators show the magnitude of this improvement and its effect on women's health in particular…The percentage of births under skilled medical supervision increased from 88 per cent in 1990 to 98 per cent in 2014. The rate of immunization of mothers against neonatal tetanus was 98.1 per cent in 2014. The rate of pregnant mothers who receive health care from health care professionals increased from 88 per cent in 1990 to 98 per cent in 2014" (42).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico

"In 2016, the NOM-007-SSA2-2016 was published, with attention to women during pregnancy, birth, and puerperium, and of the newborn person" (page 24). "In 2015, the federal legislative branch added dispositions to the General Health and Social Security Laws, and the Institute of Security and Social Services for State Workers (ISSSTE) to universalize the attention to obstetric emergencies, above all for women who are poor or in zones of high marginalization" (page 24). "From the Program for Specific Action for Maternal and Perinatal Health (PAE) 2013-2018, two objectives are highlighted: 1) propitiate universal access for mothers in pre-gestational, pregnancy, birth, puerperium and neonatal stages, to quality and respectful services; 2) contribute...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka

"Delivery at a health facility — 98.1 per cent (rural sector women); 98.6 per cent (urban sector women); 94.3 per cent (estate sector women)" (6). "Successive governments in Sri Lanka continue to allocate resources in relation to the measures taken for the advancement of women; e.g. the interim budget for year 2015 passed in January 2015 after the election of the new President on 8th January, introduced a system of paying of Rs. 20,000.00 worth of nutrition foods recommended by doctors to all expectant mothers in the country during the last 6 months of the pregnancy period and first four months after the confinement. This is with the aim of...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya

"On 1 June 2013, introduced free maternity services in all public facilities and in July 2013, committed Sh3.8 billion to fund the free maternal health-care programme, with an additional Sh700 million for free access to health centres and dispensaries, Sh3.1 billion for recruitment of 30 community nurses per constituency, Sh522 million for recruitment of 10 community health workers per constituency, and Sh1.2 billion for provision of housing units to health-care workers, within its overall allotment of Sh10.6 billion for health care in the 2013/14 national budget" (13). "Statistics indicate that 43.8 per cent of births in Kenya were attended by skilled personnel in 2011" (30). "The Kenya Demographic and Health...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger

"Health coverage is provided by infrastructure consisting of 3 national hospitals, 6 regional hospitals, 33 first-referral district hospitals, 28 of which have an operating theatre, 853 Integrated Health Centres (CSI), and finally 2,510 local dispensaries (cases de santé). An upgrade to this infrastructure is expected very soon, with the commissioning of seven regional Mother and Child Centres" (pg 18). "In the context of the reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality, many innovative strategies have been implemented, in particular through the provision of essential neonatal obstetrical care (SONE), emergency neonatal obstetrical care (SONU), prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI), and maternal, newborn and child...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova

"The right to health care is provided in several countries’ legislative acts, deriving from the Constitution (1994), Healthcare Law no. 411-XIII of 28 March 1995 etc. During the reporting period was adopted the National Health Policy of the Republic of Moldova (2007- 2021) (GD no. 886 of August 6, 2007), a document that aligns Moldova to the European Community values. National Health Policy should be a priority in the efforts made by the Government and civil society continues strengthening public health and socio-economic recovery of the country situation. The document stipulates for all pregnant women regardless of ethnic origin, marital status and social, political and religious affiliation and babies for...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine

"The Ministry, together with the Ministry of Education, organizes regular talks in schools on reproductive health and has devised protocols (guidelines) such as a consolidated national guide to reproductive health services, a consolidated national guide on safe births in hospital and a system for referrals between primary health care facilities, hospitals and ancillary services departments" (51). "The Ministry of Health offers prenatal care, care for women whose pregnancies are at risk, and postnatal care. It provides education and information about breastfeeding, child nutrition, hygiene and vaccinations. Its centres deliver free services to expectant mothers, even if they have no health insurance, for general tests, laboratory tests and sonograms. However, admission...more
Feb. 2, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand

"Skilled health care for women was widely available, including skilled attendance at childbirth, prenatal care, and essential obstetric and postnatal care" (8).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Decree No. 2016-311 of 2 March 2016, introducing free health care for children under five years and for pregnant women in the State party. However, it is gravely concerned about […] The extremely high rate of maternal mortality and draws the link to the rising incidence of unsafe abortion which accounts for almost one third of all maternal deaths [...] Additional factors causing maternal mortality and morbidity, including female genital mutilation, early marriage, early pregnancies, inadequate health care infrastructure and medical personnel, unequal distribution of health and family planning services and impeded access to contraception," (10).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia

"Women had access to contraception and skilled medical care, including essential prenatal, obstetric, and postpartum care. Indigenous persons in isolated communities had more difficulty accessing such services than the population in general" (15).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand

"Skilled health-care personnel attended approximately 99 percent of births. Officials estimated that more than 90 percent of mothers and babies could access prenatal and postnatal care" (37).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain

"The Committee commends the State party for reversing the practice that requires a husband’s consent before a caesarean is performed on his wife" (Pg 10).
Jan. 8, 2018, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia

"The edict has led to an angry backlash with claims that girls will avoid going to clinics even when they have sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancies" (para 3).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar

"Eighty-one percent of women age 15-49 who had a live birth in the 5 years preceding the survey received antenatal care from a skilled provider for their most recent birth. Three-fifths of women (59%) had four or more antenatal care visits" (121). "The 2015-16 MDHS reveals that four in five women age 15-49 (81%) received at least one ANC visit with skilled providers during the pregnancy for their most recent birth" (122). "Women are less likely to get ANC from a skilled provider for higher order births. Only 60% of women with a sixth or higher order birth received ANC from a skilled provider, compared with 89% of women giving...more