The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CUST-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The increase in foreign investment and large scale development/infrastructure projects has led to an influx of foreigners with no ties to the community and little accountability to the local people. This has led to an increase in gender-related violence and an erosion of women’s security in these areas." Reports indicate that employees of several foreign companies including Asia World Company have raped young women in local townships, leaving at the end of their projects and therefore escaping prosecution. "It is also not uncommon for men working on these projects to “trick” a woman into living with them outside of wedlock, promising marriage and support- only to leave at the end...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned that the General Act on Responsible Paternity as well as the proposal to create a National Public Registry of Defaulting Alimony Debtors are still pending" (11).
Oct. 28, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"In early 2018, after the divorce and eviction from her home, the woman asked the local Guardianship Department of her District Administration for help to get child support from her husband. She also filed a court case to try to regain her rights to the flat. 'Both the Guardianship Department and the Court unofficially told her lawyer that they can help her if she stops wearing the hijab,' Vokhidova stated" (para 16).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"Since the crown prince took power last year, judges who once would have automatically given fathers custody of children in divorce cases have started allowing some mothers custody instead" (para 17).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“Domestic violence can be minimized or discounted in decisions about custody and visitation in multiple ways. One study found that some courts allow ‘friendly parent principles’—which give preference to the parent who is more likely to support an ongoing relationship between the child and the other parent—to take precedence over allegations of abuse (Morrill et al. 2005). In addition, research indicates that some custody evaluators lack expertise in domestic violence and fail to report or to adequately assess the nature and effects of this abuse when making their recommendations (Davis et al. 2011; Pence et al. 2012; Saunders, Faller, and Tolman 2011), which play an important role in informing court...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“Domestic violence researchers and practitioners have become increasingly concerned with the outcomes of custody and visitation cases where mothers or their children allege that a father has been abusive. Scholars and practitioners report that courts often do not take this abuse into account (or fail to believe the allegations, seeing them instead as evidence that the mother seeks to “alienate” the child from his or her father) and award access or custody to the abusive parent (Goldfarb 2008; Meier 2010). While the exact number of children who face this outcome is unknown, one study that used data on divorce, family violence, and the outcomes of custody and visitation litigation in...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Services and rights are inconsistently applied among districts in cases of failure by the father to pay child maintenance" (17).
Jan. 22, 2018, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The mothers of Haiti’s 'peacekeeper babies' have filed the first legal action against both the UN and individual peacekeeping soldiers in paternity and child support claims. The lawsuit is the latest development in a protracted legal battle to make the soldiers contribute to the upkeep of children they allegedly fathered" (para 1-2). "The women [who were raped by UN peacekeeprs] claim they were neither sent the results of tests, nor provided with any form of ongoing child support. Shortly after she gave birth, one mother was sent $350 (£260) by the Uruguayan soldier who fathered her child. She has since received nothing from him" (para 10).
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"In Chechnya and Ingushetia many are deprived of their children after divorce – with reference to purported 'tradition' which allegedly prescribes children to be raised in their father’s family – and are often denied visiting rights. Some have been struggling to see their children for years"(para 4)."Even when Russian courts pass decisions in favour of women, the local authorities, especially in Chechnya, openly sabotage their implementation. They have, for example, ignored court orders in favour of women in custody disputes, citing 'tradition'. In one case taken to the European Court for Human Rights, the Russian state itself cited 'tradition' as an obstacle to enforcing custody decisions. Some mothers have been...more
Sept. 21, 2017, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"That's how an 18-year-old Noemi felt when she learned that she had no choice but to hand over her baby daughter to the man convicted of assaulting her.Noemi's child was conceived in the assault, and Nebraska's laws on parental rights forced her to agree to court-sanctioned visits between her daughter and her attacker"(para 2-3)."Noemi's story isn't unusual. Across America, there are state laws that don't protect women who became pregnant through rape from being forced to share their children with their rapists"(para 6)."Exact stats aren't tracked, but there are an estimated 17,000 to 32,000 rape-related pregnancies in the United States each year, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures....more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel

"Among the most contentious of Jewish rites is the one that grants men disproportionate power in divorce. Women who are not granted divorces are often forced to relinquish their child custody rights or alimony payments to convince husbands to accede"(para 11)
June 21, 2017, 11:27 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“In terms of child support, in particular, women feel they have no choice but to negotiate with former spouses informally since they are not protected by the law. Of course, women are in a double bind because by not filing for support, women then have no recourse to the court, and the support of their children depends entirely on the goodwill of fathers—reinforcing women’s feelings of uncertainty and instability vis-à-vis men and the state. Zoya, for example, explained that she had no choice but to accept an informal arrangement for child support with her former husband. He pays what he can, when he can, and only if and when he...more
June 21, 2017, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“Women carefully weigh the costs and benefits of filing for official child support. Many worry that although their husbands provide only sporadic support, like $30 at the start of the new school year for books or New Year’s gifts, they might lose even this tangible support if they turn to the courts, which they do not trust anyway. A willingness to seek official support signifies a total lack of trust in a former partner. Women choose between settling for informal, often minimal and sporadic, support from their child’s father or getting what they call ‘crumbs’ from the state. Women hope to at least leave open the possibility of a personal...more
May 4, 2017, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan

“There were no reports of discrimination in areas such as marriage, divorce, and child custody” (22).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia

"There was limited legal recognition of common-law marriage. A common-law husband had no obligation to provide financial assistance to his family, and consequently women and children sometimes faced abandonment" (29).
Feb. 23, 2017, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Botswana

“Batswana are a patriarchal society, and therefore, upon divorce, decisions about property and custody of minor children tend to be resolved in favor of the male party” (150).
Jan. 23, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"On the other hand, the head of Al-Azhar University’s Fatwa Committee, Abdul Hamid al-Atrash, told Al-Monitor that he supports the idea that the law entitles any person who proves his parentage in any way to obtain an inheritance. He noted that Muhammad’s saying that 'paternity of the child goes to the [marital] bed' confirms that when a woman is married and gets pregnant from a man other than her husband, the child must be affiliated to the husband. Atrash added, 'The Quranic verses indicated the shares of inheritance that parents and kinsmen can leave to the heirs. The bad habits of society prevent women from their entitled inheritance'" (para 20-22).more
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia

"In 77 per cent of cases, the care and upbringing of children was entrusted to mothers, and in 7 per cent of cases to fathers; in 14 per cent of cases, children were under joint care" (51)
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia

"Children’s leisure activities are an exception, being paid for slightly more often by fathers. In most cases, child benefits, maintenance, reduced payments for nursery school and child care allowances are claimed by women; child benefits were received by almost two fifths of all households included in the study and maintenance by almost one twentieth of respondents; reduced payments for nursery fees were claimed by more than one tenth of households, and child care allowances by slightly more than one per cent of all persons with children" (16)
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:02 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“‘There are cases where women don't even know that they've been divorced,’ Niaz said. ‘The children are without any support. So, it has become very convenient for Muslim men to just say talaq thrice and it is just so easy for him to get the woman out of his life’” (para 11).
Aug. 21, 2016, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“'Here, when a woman is widowed, she has to marry her husband’s brother and I refused,' she said. It was a moment of independence, but it quickly turned tragic. Her mother-in-law, concluding that Ms. Aziza must be morally lacking when she turned down a chance to be respectable, took the child from her. While Afghan law allows a widow to have custody of her children, as a practical matter the lack of money often results in the children staying with relatives. Ms. Aziza sees her daughter now only once a year, on her birthday. 'She took my daughter by force,' said Ms. Aziza, staring into the photo as if the...more
Aug. 6, 2016, 5:57 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua

"As a general rule, when married couple with children divorces and starts to live separately, children stay with one of the parents. However, both parents have to share the expenses spent on the maintenance of their children. For this purpose, parents have to agree on their participation in child care and the amount of child support each of them has to pay. When determining the amount, income of parents and number of children is taken into account" (para 4)
July 28, 2016, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: Angola

“There were no effective mechanisms to enforce child support laws, and women generally bore the major responsibility for raising children” (25).
May 25, 2016, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The Child Support Enforcement Act (enacted on 24 March 2014) envisions the creation of the Child Support Agency, the role of which is to provide consultation and mediation for disadvantaged single-parent families in regards to ensuring that the responsible parent pay the required child support, and a support system to offer legal assistance related to the enforcement and collection of child support. This law also introduced a temporary emergency child support system to allow minimum livelihood security for underage children" (8). "The Ministry of Gender Equality and Family has provided legal aid service for the delivery of child support since 2007 with an aim to protect the rights to care...more
May 23, 2016, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about: d) The absence of measures within social security schemes to ensure child support payments in cases in which former spouses fail to pay" (14)
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

" Family law prescribes that the court shall be competent to protect rights and interests of the child and other family members and to resolve disputes between family members (Article 14). Under the Law on Minority Rights and Freedoms the court shall, among others, ensure protection of minority rights (Article 37). " (19)
May 5, 2016, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Fathers who were no longer living with their children did not contribute anything towards their maintenance, whether or not the women were living with a new partner, and despite what the laws mandated. Normally the women did not claim child support either" (175). "The unlikeliness of men paying child support may become more comprehnsible once we understand that even while living in union with the children's mother, husbands do not necessarily contribute much to the household" (176). "The legal grounds which permitted the social authorities to carry out this practice, however, disappeared in 1997 with a new Labor Code, in which no mention was made of provisions to collect child...more
March 3, 2016, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"To meet the needs of poor women, family courts have been established, headed by male and female judges, to deal with their cases, with improved free filing for food allowances by women, covering more than 90 per cent of cases, so as to force fathers to care for their children in the event of separation or even when the spouses still live in the same house" (8)
Jan. 23, 2016, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Aboriginal children are 10 times more likely to be in state care than non- Aboriginal children which is a higher proportion than during the time of residential schools," (25). "The experts were informed in British Colombia that Aboriginal women are at greater risk than non-Aboriginal women of having their children removed by authorities under child protection legislation because of the interpretation made by the authorities, in practice, of the definition of neglect, despite the existence of guiding principles on the interpretation of sections 2 and 3 of the British Columbia Child, Family and Community Service Act indicating that the Act must be interpreted and administered so that the safety and...more
Jan. 19, 2016, 3:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia

"The Committee remains concerned, however: … (c) That the State child allowance ceases at the fourth child and that collection of child support orders from fathers is inefficient" (11-12)