The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CUST-PRACTICE-1

May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Under family law and inheritance law, courts awarded custody of children over a specified age (seven years for boys and nine years for girls) to the divorced husband or the deceased husband’s family" (38).
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to tackle gender -based violence against women, such as the adoption of the Social Support Act (2015), which broadened the concept of social support to include safety in the domestic setting, and the ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence in 2015. Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned by: (...) (d) The lack of data on the impact of the broadening of the Social Support Act of 2015 to include safety in the domestic setting and of the merger of child abuse and domestic violence services;" (7). "The lack of information about...more
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"A significant number of parents, predominantly fathers, fail to pay child maintenance, and the often limited and onerous access to maintenance advances are one reason that single-female-headed households are at considerable risk of falling into poverty" (15). "The default rule of joint parental authority, which may lead to a reduction in child maintenance orders with no mechanism to ensure that shared custody is indeed practised and that the orders reflect the reality of the time and cost allocation between parents" (17).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"It is also concerned that the default rule of joint parental authority and preference for shared custody may lead to a reduction in the number of child maintenance orders, with no mechanism to ensure that shared custody is indeed practised, and reflects the reality of time and cost allocation between parents" (17).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about the lack of harmonization of legislation at the federal and provincial or territorial levels with regard to child-custody determination, given that the federal Divorce Act (1985) still includes the highly problematic 'maximum contact' provision and makes no mention of domestic violence. The Committee is also concerned about evidence of reduced or even cessation of child support orders that can result from shared custody orders or agreements, which in practice are not always followed and do not necessarily reflect the reality of time and cost allocation between parents" (18).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IW-LAW-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-3, GIC-LAW-1

"The law provides for a minimum level of child support, widows’ rights, and maternity leave; however, only women employed in the formal sector knew their rights, had access to the legal system, and thus benefited from these legal protections" (para 93).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned that situations of domestic violence may not be adequately addressed in cases of child custody decisions, particularly when alternate residence is contemplated" (15).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Practice shows that the majority of claims are filed by women against the fathers of their children, since, when a marriage is dissolved, minor children usually remain with the mother" (43).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-2

"Women have legal rights to property and child custody, and the more educated and urbanized members of the population recognized these rights. Nevertheless, women had fewer legal rights than men. Divorced women, for example, could lose child custody if they remarried" (page 19).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The fact that the existing legislative mechanisms do not adequately take into account gender-based violence in the domestic sphere in determining child custody; (b) The negative effect of fathers’ rights groups’ advocacy of and public discourse about the so-called 'parental alienation syndrome'" (13).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned about the absence of implementing regulations for the Responsible Parenthood Act" (16).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The increase in foreign investment and large scale development/infrastructure projects has led to an influx of foreigners with no ties to the community and little accountability to the local people. This has led to an increase in gender-related violence and an erosion of women’s security in these areas." Reports indicate that employees of several foreign companies including Asia World Company have raped young women in local townships, leaving at the end of their projects and therefore escaping prosecution. "It is also not uncommon for men working on these projects to “trick” a woman into living with them outside of wedlock, promising marriage and support- only to leave at the end...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned that the General Act on Responsible Paternity as well as the proposal to create a National Public Registry of Defaulting Alimony Debtors are still pending" (11).
Oct. 28, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"In early 2018, after the divorce and eviction from her home, the woman asked the local Guardianship Department of her District Administration for help to get child support from her husband. She also filed a court case to try to regain her rights to the flat. 'Both the Guardianship Department and the Court unofficially told her lawyer that they can help her if she stops wearing the hijab,' Vokhidova stated" (para 16).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"Since the crown prince took power last year, judges who once would have automatically given fathers custody of children in divorce cases have started allowing some mothers custody instead" (para 17).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“Domestic violence can be minimized or discounted in decisions about custody and visitation in multiple ways. One study found that some courts allow ‘friendly parent principles’—which give preference to the parent who is more likely to support an ongoing relationship between the child and the other parent—to take precedence over allegations of abuse (Morrill et al. 2005). In addition, research indicates that some custody evaluators lack expertise in domestic violence and fail to report or to adequately assess the nature and effects of this abuse when making their recommendations (Davis et al. 2011; Pence et al. 2012; Saunders, Faller, and Tolman 2011), which play an important role in informing court...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“Domestic violence researchers and practitioners have become increasingly concerned with the outcomes of custody and visitation cases where mothers or their children allege that a father has been abusive. Scholars and practitioners report that courts often do not take this abuse into account (or fail to believe the allegations, seeing them instead as evidence that the mother seeks to “alienate” the child from his or her father) and award access or custody to the abusive parent (Goldfarb 2008; Meier 2010). While the exact number of children who face this outcome is unknown, one study that used data on divorce, family violence, and the outcomes of custody and visitation litigation in...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Services and rights are inconsistently applied among districts in cases of failure by the father to pay child maintenance" (17).
Jan. 22, 2018, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The mothers of Haiti’s 'peacekeeper babies' have filed the first legal action against both the UN and individual peacekeeping soldiers in paternity and child support claims. The lawsuit is the latest development in a protracted legal battle to make the soldiers contribute to the upkeep of children they allegedly fathered" (para 1-2). "The women [who were raped by UN peacekeeprs] claim they were neither sent the results of tests, nor provided with any form of ongoing child support. Shortly after she gave birth, one mother was sent $350 (£260) by the Uruguayan soldier who fathered her child. She has since received nothing from him" (para 10).
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"In Chechnya and Ingushetia many are deprived of their children after divorce – with reference to purported 'tradition' which allegedly prescribes children to be raised in their father’s family – and are often denied visiting rights. Some have been struggling to see their children for years"(para 4)."Even when Russian courts pass decisions in favour of women, the local authorities, especially in Chechnya, openly sabotage their implementation. They have, for example, ignored court orders in favour of women in custody disputes, citing 'tradition'. In one case taken to the European Court for Human Rights, the Russian state itself cited 'tradition' as an obstacle to enforcing custody decisions. Some mothers have been...more
Sept. 21, 2017, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"That's how an 18-year-old Noemi felt when she learned that she had no choice but to hand over her baby daughter to the man convicted of assaulting her.Noemi's child was conceived in the assault, and Nebraska's laws on parental rights forced her to agree to court-sanctioned visits between her daughter and her attacker"(para 2-3)."Noemi's story isn't unusual. Across America, there are state laws that don't protect women who became pregnant through rape from being forced to share their children with their rapists"(para 6)."Exact stats aren't tracked, but there are an estimated 17,000 to 32,000 rape-related pregnancies in the United States each year, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures....more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"Among the most contentious of Jewish rites is the one that grants men disproportionate power in divorce. Women who are not granted divorces are often forced to relinquish their child custody rights or alimony payments to convince husbands to accede"(para 11)
June 21, 2017, 11:27 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“In terms of child support, in particular, women feel they have no choice but to negotiate with former spouses informally since they are not protected by the law. Of course, women are in a double bind because by not filing for support, women then have no recourse to the court, and the support of their children depends entirely on the goodwill of fathers—reinforcing women’s feelings of uncertainty and instability vis-à-vis men and the state. Zoya, for example, explained that she had no choice but to accept an informal arrangement for child support with her former husband. He pays what he can, when he can, and only if and when he...more
June 21, 2017, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

“Women carefully weigh the costs and benefits of filing for official child support. Many worry that although their husbands provide only sporadic support, like $30 at the start of the new school year for books or New Year’s gifts, they might lose even this tangible support if they turn to the courts, which they do not trust anyway. A willingness to seek official support signifies a total lack of trust in a former partner. Women choose between settling for informal, often minimal and sporadic, support from their child’s father or getting what they call ‘crumbs’ from the state. Women hope to at least leave open the possibility of a personal...more
May 4, 2017, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1

“There were no reports of discrimination in areas such as marriage, divorce, and child custody” (22).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-3

"There was limited legal recognition of common-law marriage. A common-law husband had no obligation to provide financial assistance to his family, and consequently women and children sometimes faced abandonment" (29).
Feb. 23, 2017, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1

“Batswana are a patriarchal society, and therefore, upon divorce, decisions about property and custody of minor children tend to be resolved in favor of the male party” (150).
Jan. 23, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"On the other hand, the head of Al-Azhar University’s Fatwa Committee, Abdul Hamid al-Atrash, told Al-Monitor that he supports the idea that the law entitles any person who proves his parentage in any way to obtain an inheritance. He noted that Muhammad’s saying that 'paternity of the child goes to the [marital] bed' confirms that when a woman is married and gets pregnant from a man other than her husband, the child must be affiliated to the husband. Atrash added, 'The Quranic verses indicated the shares of inheritance that parents and kinsmen can leave to the heirs. The bad habits of society prevent women from their entitled inheritance'" (para 20-22).more
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1

"In 77 per cent of cases, the care and upbringing of children was entrusted to mothers, and in 7 per cent of cases to fathers; in 14 per cent of cases, children were under joint care" (51)
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Children’s leisure activities are an exception, being paid for slightly more often by fathers. In most cases, child benefits, maintenance, reduced payments for nursery school and child care allowances are claimed by women; child benefits were received by almost two fifths of all households included in the study and maintenance by almost one twentieth of respondents; reduced payments for nursery fees were claimed by more than one tenth of households, and child care allowances by slightly more than one per cent of all persons with children" (16)