The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"By 2015 the RS implemented the Action Plan for the Advancement of Women’s Position in Rural Areas, as a temporary special measure within the 2009-2015 Strategic Rural Development Plan" (16). "Many unemployed women in rural areas do not use the right to health insurance because of not being registered with employment bureau, while many married rural women depend on husbands to register them as employees on farming household to access health insurance" (34). "Women’s work in the rural area is not sufficiently valued and includes work in the household, family responsibilities, farm work at family land and sometimes the work outside the home. Laws, policies and priorities related to agriculture...more
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts towards poverty eradication in rural areas, including the implementation of the rural economy advancement programme. It is concerned, however, at reports that rural women have limited access to safe water, transport and markets for their products. The Committee is also concerned that the modernization process that the State party is undergoing may increase social burdens on women in rural areas" (10).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The project to mobilise sparsely populated communities and women in support of girls’ education that began in 2009 is still under way. Twenty communities have developed plans for the promotion of girls’ education. School Girl Mothers’ Clubs (CMEF) have been established in more than 15 regional directorates" (28). "The State has developed a number of policies and programmes specifically for women, as listed below. 1) The National Agricultural Investment Plan (2012–2015), which benefits women in rural areas" (30). "In addition, the Government has also: ... 4) Provided rural women with on-site training on how to produce and market food crops" (31).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is, nevertheless, concerned about: (d) The closure of 12 of the 16 Status of Women Canada regional offices, which has limited women’s access to the services provided by Status of Women Canada, in particular in remote and rural areas" (6). "Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about: (a) The continued high prevalence of gender-based violence against women in the State party, in particular against indigenous women and girls" (7). "The Committee is concerned that indigenous women continue to suffer from multiple forms of discrimination, in particular with regard to their access to employment, housing, education and health care, and continue to live in poverty in the State party, as...more
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"An August report by the CHRI referenced a study presented at the nongovernmental Imam Ali Foundation’s May conference in Tehran on violence against women in the country, according to which 32 percent of women in urban areas and 63 percent in rural areas had been victims of domestic violence" (33). "There were no official reports of killings motivated by 'honor' or other harmful traditional practices during the year, although human rights activists reported that such killings continued to occur, particularly among rural and tribal populations" (34).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"While domestic violence tended to be more prevalent in rural areas, it also occurred among the highly educated urban population" (page 51). "Women’s rights advocates indicated that in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings. Rural contract law and laws protecting women’s rights stipulate that women enjoy equal rights in cases of land management, but experts assserted that this was rarely the case due to the complexity of the law and difficulties in its implementation" (page 57). "Female suicide rates in rural areas dropped signficantly. According to the Chinese Center for Disease and Control and Prevention, female suicide rates from 1990 to...more
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Students with disabilities and those in rural counties were most likely to encounter significant barriers to education" (25). "Families living in the interior sometimes sent young women and children to stay with relatives in Monrovia or other cities with the promise that the relatives would assist the women and children to pursue educational or other opportunities. In some instances these women and children were forced to work as street vendors, domestic servants, or beggars. While there are no official records regarding labor, young women and children also were subject to forced labor on rubber plantations and in gold mines, rock-crushing quarries, and alluvial diamond mines. Forced labor continued despite efforts...more
March 15, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Most cases, including rape, were not reported to authorities because women, particularly in rural areas, were ignorant of their rights or feared further abuse" (8).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, CLCC-LAW-2

"The law permits both parents to pass nationality to their children. There were, nonetheless, cases in which authorities denied identification papers to children because they were born to unmarried parents, particularly in rural areas or in the cases of poorly educated mothers unaware of their legal rights" (page 29).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee commends the State party for its international cooperation programmes. It is, however, concerned that the continuing and expanding extraction of oil and gas in the Arctic by the State party and its inevitable greenhouse gas emissions undermine its obligations to ensure the substantive equality of women with men, as climate change disproportionately affects women, especially in situations of poverty, since they are more reliant on natural resources for their livelihoods than men and have lesser capacity to deal with natural hazards" (4).
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Considering the changing living conditions of women living in the countryside, it became necessary to strengthen the mandates of Act No. 731/2002, through two actions given priority in the 2014–2018 National Development Plan and related to the establishment in the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR) of the Directorate for Rural Women, which has been in operation since March 2017, and the participatory design of a Comprehensive Public Policy on Rural Women, which will include an ethnic, age and territorial approach geared to overcoming urban-rural gaps as well as making progress in guaranteeing rights" (35). "Circular 002/2016, which gives priority to female heads of household and rural women who...more
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Rural women participate actively in the elaboration and implementation of development planning for their auls and villages and work in all branches of the economy. Women account for 11.4 per cent (269 out of 2,360) of the akims of villages and rural districts. Measures are being taken to train the specialists needed for the effective socioeconomic development of rural areas" (37). "A number of measures are being implemented to ensure access to medical care for the rural population living in remote and inaccessible areas. Telemedicine has been introduced on a broad scale, and qualified specialists offer remote consultations for patients in remote communities. Since 2011, about 204 telemedical centres have...more
March 7, 2019, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women had easier access to emergency services in the coastal area than in the interior, where regional clinics were remote and transportation to Paramaribo for medical services could be expensive and long… The law provides for protection of women’s rights to equal access to education, employment, and property. Societal pressures and customs, especially in rural areas, inhibited the full exercise of these rights, particularly withrespect to marriage and inheritance. Where local customs remain a strong influence on the family unit, inheritance rights pass to husbands" (12).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Most courts administered justice unevenly, employing a mixture of codified law, sharia, and local custom. Traditional justice mechanisms remained the main recourse for many, especially in rural areas" (9). "Because the formal legal system often was not present in rural areas, local elders and shuras (consultative gatherings, usually of men selected by the community) were the primary means of settling both criminal matters and civil disputes. They also imposed punishments without regard to the formal legal system" (10).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Education Above All Foundation was founded in 2012 with a view to providing education to children in areas mired in poverty or affected by armed conflict" (12).
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Urban women (52%) and men (61%) are more likely than rural women (45%) and men (53%) to have a secondary or higher education" (12). "Urban women are notably more likely than rural women to have attended or completed schooling at the higher education level (19% versus 6%) (Table 3.2)" (30). "Knowledge of where to obtain HIV test services is much higher among urban women (40%) than among rural women (26%). . . Rural women are less likely than urban women to have been counseled on and tested for HIV during ANC and to have received the test results (10% versus 14%)" (193). "Rural women (66%) are more likely than urban...more
Feb. 23, 2019, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In response to the recommendations made by the Committee in 2013, in paragraph 34 of its concluding observations, the Democratic Republic of the Congo considers gender-specific needs in all development programmes, including rural development, such as: (a) The Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2; (b) The governance programme for agriculture, gender and human and institutional capacity-building; (c) The 2013 agricultural investment programme; (d) The strategy on gender and the empowerment of rural women; (e) The national action plan for climate change adaptation — agricultural sector adaptation project: capacity-building in the agricultural sector in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2010–2014); (f) The national action plan for climate change adaptation...more
Feb. 22, 2019, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There were reports that, in some rural communities, parents removed girls from school as young as age nine to work at home" (19).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"National health-care protocols require that women be offered postpartum care and counseling on methods and services related to family planning. The government offered special programs to meet the needs of vulnerable target groups, such as adolescents, internally displaced persons, urban migrants, persons in prostitution, and the very poor. In many remote villages, however, reproductive health-care services were nonexistent. Where remote services were available, the rugged terrain, inadequate roads, or lack of transport made them nearly inaccessible" (Pg 25). "Average wages for women were substantially less than for men. Women made up the majority of pensioners, a group particularly vulnerable to deteriorating economic conditions. In rural areas, traditional attitudes toward women...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The social stigma of rape, especially in rural areas, contributed to the pervasiveness of out-of-court settlements and discouraged formal prosecution of cases. An overtaxed justice system also prevented timely prosecution, although local NGOs pushed for judicial action and sometimes provided lawyers to indigent victims. The government raised awareness of rape through billboards, radio broadcasts, and other outreach campaigns" (Pg 15). "Women and men enjoy the same legal status. By law women can inherit land and property, are entitled to receive equal pay for equal work, have the right of equal access to education, and can own and manage businesses. Women experienced discrimination, however, in such areas as employment (see section...more
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In 2014, UK Government allocated £1.6 million of funding to projects dedicated to supporting women to overcome the specific problems they face when starting a business in rural areas" (32). "The National Rural Mental Health Forum has been established to help people in rural areas maintain good mental health and wellbeing... Scottish Government has made available £1.85m over three years to Rape Crisis Scotland to... establish a rape crisis service on Orkney and Shetland in partnership with Women’s Aid and the Highland Centre" (33).
Feb. 4, 2019, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The lack of registration certificates for a number of children, especially in rural areas and in Romani families, remained a problem. Observers estimated that more than 1,000 children lacked identification documents" (Pg 32).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is also concerned about the limited coverage of social programmes, including social protection schemes, for women living in poverty, migrant and refugee women, indigenous women, women of African descent and women with disabilities" (11). "The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to promote the participation of rural women in rural development councils and steering committees, in addition to the sectoral plan for agricultural and rural development covering the period 2015-2018. Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (b) The lack of participation by rural women in the benefits of rural development projects conducted at the territorial level by territorial councils for rural development; (c) The limited impact...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Reproductive health services were concentrated in cities, and rural areas faced significant gaps in coverage" (page 22).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"More than half of rural households (53%) travel 30 minutes or longer round trip to fetch drinking water. In both rural and urban households, adult women are most likely to be responsible for fetching drinking water (17% in urban households and 68% in rural households). In rural areas, female children under age 15 are three times more likely than male children in the same age group to fetch drinking water (13% versus 4%)" (10). "Urban residents are much more likely than rural residents to be educated. Twenty-four percent of females age 6 and older in urban areas have no education, as compared with 54% of females in rural areas. The...more
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It is equally concerned that illiteracy rates and secondary school dropout rates for girls in rural and remote areas and in indigenous communities and communities of African descent remain disproportionately high compared with the rest of the population, often owing to poverty, early pregnancy, early marriage and child labour" (11). "It is also concerned about: (...) e) The lack of adequate access for women to information on their sexual and reproductive health and rights, including responsible sexual behaviour, and the lack of reasonable and affordable access to family planning and services and contraceptive methods, especially in rural areas, where an estimated 71 per cent of women do not use contraception"...more
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women and girls, in particular those belonging to Arab and Bedouin communities, asylum seekers and migrants, experience differential access to justice owing to the physical and economic barriers that they face in bringing complaints of discrimination" (pg. 5) Bedouin communities are primarily rural (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "Israeli-Arab and Bedouin women and girls continue to register poor health outcomes, in particular in terms of infant and maternal mortality, and have the highest incidence within the Israeli population of obesity and lung cancer" (pg. 14) Bedouin communities are primarily rural (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "The Committee notes that the State party operates a “safe space” project for adolescent Bedouin girls in distress with a view...more
Jan. 17, 2019, 9:50 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women’s Month is also a time for reflection. We know that the mainstreaming of gender is imperative because it is women who are still the poorest in our country, and black rural women in particular. It is women who face triple oppression on the basis of race, class and gender" (Para 18).
Jan. 16, 2019, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Transparent Election Foundation of Afghanistan (TEFA) head, Mohammad Naim Ayubzada, also said women hesitated from performing duty as election observers in remote areas. 'Insecurity, cultural restrictions and social problems as well as death threats to female observers are issues that make it impossible to employ women as observers in many areas, he said. 'The IEC has not yet announced how many and in which areas only women polling stations will be set up, if the commission employs female workers in polling stations, then we would be able to have female observers,' he said. 'This problem is not confined only to the election observers, the IEC is also unable to open...more
Jan. 8, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Vásquez is one of 11 children from a family of subsistence farmers in a rural village in western El Salvador. Their dire economic situation forced her to leave school at the age of 10, and move to the capital, San Salvador, at 17. She found work as a domestic servant" (para 9).