The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes that the State party has established specialized family courts with competence to hear cases of domestic violence, in addition to multidisciplinary advisory teams and ombudspersons’ offices, which provide advice and recommendations on issues relating to domestic violence. The Committee remains concerned, however, about the persistence of structural barriers in the justice system that prevent women from gaining access to justice and obtaining redress, namely: . . . (b) The limited availability and accessibility of specialized family courts in rural and border areas" (page 4). "The high rate at which girls are dropping out from formal education, mainly owing to early pregnancy, especially in rural areas and deprived...more
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"As regards rural women, Uruguay has made progress but also faces challenges: In the area of inclusion policies and infrastructural aspects, the progress in rural electrification should be noted, as 98.7 per cent of the national territory is now electrified; that has allowed an improved quality of life in rural areas. In terms of access to potable water in towns with a population of less than 5,000 and in rural areas without clean water, the problem areas dropped from 25 per cent in 2006 to 13.8 per cent in 2011; at the same time, water supply systems were installed or refitted at 172 schools and small surrounding towns (Figure 8...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is, however, concerned about: (a) The continued prevalence of female genital mutilation in some regions, especially in rural and traditional communities" (page 6). "The Committee is, however, concerned at: (a) The persistence of structural and other barriers to girls’ access to high-quality education, in particular at the secondary and tertiary levels, owing to, among other things, inadequate budget allocations to the sector, which result in a lack of school infrastructure, including adequate sanitary facilities, teacher shortages and a poor learning environment and teaching materials, especially in rural areas" (page 10). " . . . (d) The limited access to modern contraceptives, especially in rural areas" (page 12). "The...more
June 26, 2018, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The small Romani community (approximately 3,000 persons) continued to experience discrimination in access to education, housing, health care, employment, and relations with police, although there were no official charges of police abuse. Extreme poverty, illiteracy, and perceived high criminality helped form the negative attitudes of mainstream society that resulted in the social exclusion of Roma. In addition, 40 percent of Roma did not know the Lithuanian language. Most adult Roma have obtained identification papers, but a few, although born in the country, were effectively stateless" (18). Romani women are especially vulnerable under these circumstances (AA-CODER COMMENT).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Rural women aged 15 years and over had a higher before-tax mean income ($31,200) than urban women ($30,500) in the year to March 2013. Other statistics drawn from the New Zealand Census show that in 2013: 13 per cent of women in New Zealand lived in rural areas. The percentage of young rural women in full-time study is greater than the percentage of young urban women in full-time study, and 59 per cent of rural women owned or partly owned their usual residence, compared with 49 per cent of urban women" (page 31). "The Ministry for Primary Industries has funded Rural Women NZ during recent adverse climatic events, most recently...more
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee remains concerned that rural women, including indigenous women and women from ethnic and religious minority groups, continue to be disproportionately affected by poverty and limited economic opportunities, which increase their vulnerability to trafficking and exploitation. It also expresses concern that rural women: (a) Continue to lack access to basic social services, such as education and health care, including sexual and reproductive health care, as well as access to justice; (b) Are not represented in decision-making bodies and structures at the national and local levels and are excluded from policymaking processes on issues that affect them; (c) Face restrictions to their right to land and natural resources, owing to...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned about the persistent disadvantaged situation of Kurdish women that is exacerbated by prejudice against their ethnic and linguistic identity, leading to their further marginalization with respect to their civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. The Committee calls upon the State party to address the inequalities faced by Kurdish women, which are compounded by the intersecting forms of discrimination to which they are subjected. It recommends that the State party take all measures necessary to bridge the gap between Kurdish women and other women in the State party, and ensure the fulfilment of the State party’s obligations under the Convention towards all women under its jurisdiction,...more
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In areas of high malaria transmission, by the time an individual reaches adulthood, she or he has acquired partial immunity that can protect him/her against severe disease. However, pregnant women---especially those pregnant for the first time---lose some immunity and are once again susceptible to the disease. . . . In 2010, the WHO issued new IPTp guidelines in which pregnant women should receive one dose of SP/Fansidar at each ANC visit after the first trimester with at least one month between doses. . . . Urban women are more likely (11%) than rural women (6%) to have received IPTp3+ during their most recent pregnancy in the past two years. Similarly,...more
May 30, 2018, 7:55 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-2, GP-DATA-3

"According to the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, Gender and Community Development (MWAGCD), in Zimbabwe, women make up 70 percent of the rural population and 86 percent of women are involved in farming. Of the smallholder farmers who benefited from the government’s land reform program, only 18 percent are female; for commercial land, women constitute just 12 percent" (Para 6).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Poverty continued to affect women disproportionately, especially in rural and ethnic minority communities. While rural women were responsible for more than half of total agricultural production, the additional burdens of housework and child rearing also fell primarily on women" (20-21). "Of the 49 official ethnic groups in the country, the Hmong are one of the largest and most prominent...Some Hmong believed their ethnic group could not coexist with ethnic Lao, a belief that fanned their separatist or irredentist political beliefs. Moreover, government leadership remained suspicious of the political objectives of some Hmong. The government continued to focus limited assistance projects in Hmong areas to address regional and ethnic disparities in...more
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to improve the livelihoods of rural women through the implementation of various programmes to promote entrepreneurship, such as the Rural Finance Institution-building Programme and Agriculture Credit Guarantee Scheme Fund, and training programmes. The Committee is concerned, however, that...rural women continue to face obstacles that prevent their full participation in decision-making processes and in the development of rural development policies, women own less than 7.2 per cent of the total land mass in the State party and their land rights in rural areas are not guaranteed, rural women continue to face physical, economic and other barriers in gaining access to health care,...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It also notes with concern that access to preschool education is very limited in rural areas, which has a negative effect on women in particular. The Committee is further concerned about a lack of information on the access of rural women to property, including land, and means of production, credit, employment, health, including sexual and reproductive health and rights, and social services" (pg 11).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned that rural women are exposed to high levels of poverty, illiteracy and unemployment, have little access to basic services, and participate only marginally in decision-making relating to issues that are of concern to them. The Committee is further concerned at the devastating impact of the recent drought that has affected the harvest and the income of rural women. The Committee particularly regrets that given the importance of women in the production of food they have not been consulted on or included in the development of agrarian policies" (13-14).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Australian Government partners with the Australian Institute of Company Directors (AICD) to deliver scholarships to women aspiring to leadership and board roles. These target key groups of women, including those in rural and remote locations and male-dominated industries. The Australian Government partners with the Australian Institute of Company Directors (AICD) to deliver scholarships to women aspiring to leadership and board roles. These target key groups of women, including those in rural and remote locations and male-dominated industries. In May 2014, the Australian Government funded the Australian Mines and Metals Association to deliver the Australian Women in Resources E-Mentoring Programme. This champions talented women in the sector, supporting them to...more
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Although not subjected to governmental discrimination, Buraku (the descendants of feudal-era outcasts) were frequently victims of entrenched societal discrimination. Buraku advocacy groups continued to report that despite socioeconomic improvements achieved by many Buraku, widespread discrimination persisted in employment, marriage, housing, and property assessment. While the Buraku label was no longer officially used to identify individuals, the family registry system could be used to identify them and facilitate discriminatory practices" (19). The Buraku are associated with lower socio-economic status and while this statement does not indicate they are concentrated in rural areas, that is the natural assumption. More research should be done particularly into the status of Buraku women (AA-CODER COMMENT).more
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It notes with concern that Roma women are disproportionately affected by poverty and a low standard of living and that they have limited access to health services, education and employment, especially in rural areas" (9).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Department for Women has invested considerable resources to benefit rural women through its Income Generating Projects, Women’s Centre and zero-tolerance for violence against women and children. These programmes are designed to eliminate violence, poverty alleviation and economic empowerment of rural women. The consultation meetings with rural women highlighted the need to protect the rights and freedoms and the advancement of those 412,425 rural women, address gender equality issues prevalent in rural areas, equality issues between rural women and urban women as well as issues pertaining to ethnicity and equality between cultural groups. Majority of rural women who attended the consultation meetings are high school dropouts and needs more awareness...more
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"About 2 in 10 women and 1 in 10 men in rural areas have never attended school, significantly higher levels than among urban dwellers" (page 52). "Currently married women in rural areas are almost twice as likely (21%) to be in polygynous unions as those in urban areas (11%) . . . Both women and men in rural areas are more likely to marry earlier than their urban counterparts. For women age 25-49, the median age at first marriage is 1.7 years earlier among rural than among urban women (18.7 years versus 20.4 years). The rural-urban gap for men age 30-49 is larger; men in rural areas marry 2.6 years...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women, in particular single mothers, older women, divorced rural women, migrant women, unemployed women and women involved in unpaid care work, are disproportionately affected by poverty" (Pg 16). "The Committee notes the information provided by the State party in relation to rural women, but remains concerned that female farmers are often left in a vulnerable situation following divorce and unable to recover any personal assets or have access to unemployment insurance benefits. The Committee is also concerned that laws governing the inheritance of property often prevent widows from inheriting farms in the event of their husband’s death. The Committee is further concerned at the underrepresentation of women in farmers’ unions...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices by launching awareness-raising campaigns, but remains concerned that such stereotypes and practices remain prevalent. The Committee is particularly concerned about the persistence of such harmful practices as child marriage, families choosing husbands and the payment of a bride price or dowry, which remain prevalent in rural and remote areas and among minority communities. It also notes with concern the re-emergence of concepts of justice (kanun) and codes of conduct that condone killings of women and girls in the name of so-called 'honour'" (Pg 5). "The low rate of reporting of cases of gender-based violence against...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Persisting social and cultural constraints, especially in rural areas, prevent women from owning and inheriting land" (15). "The prevalence of early marriage, 70 per cent overall, attains 77.3 per cent among rural girls" (16). "According to the Demographic and Health Survey (EDS) 2010, excision is still more widespread in rural than in urban areas" (18). "At the national level, the gender breakdown of secondary education students was 53 per cent boys and 46,15 per cent girls in the 2008-2009 school year and 51.75 per cent boys and 48.25 per cent girls in the 2012-2013 school year. That reduction in the gap from approximately 7 to 3 points has been due...more
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"That women themselves, especially those in rural areas and those belonging to disadvantaged groups, are unaware of their rights under the Convention and thus lack the information necessary to claim them" (Pg 3). "The Committee notes the adoption of a substrategy on promoting women’s economic opportunities and leadership in 2014, but it remains concerned at the persistence of poverty among women, in particular in rural areas and among female-headed households, as well as at women’s limited access to property, financial credit and mortgages. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of targeted measures to ensure that older women and women with disabilities can participate in decision-making in and benefit...more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There needs to be cooperation between NGOs, local governments, and the Ministry of Education to provide greater access to education to the rural areas of Afghanistan. Because security is still a problem in Afghanistan, families are unwilling to send their children far outside their villages to receive education. Even families fortunate enough to have automobile transportation still fear sending their children, particularly their daughters, away from the village to go to school. When educational and higher educational opportunity is concentrated in larger cities, the graduating professionals are generally unwilling to take their degrees and move to rural villages to teach. Afghanistan already has a shortage of female teachers, and getting...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the creation, in 2008, of the National Observatory for Women in Agriculture and Rural Areas by the Ministry of Agriculture. The Committee notes with concern, however, the lack of updated and disaggregated data on the participation of women in the agricultural sector. It remains concerned about the exclusion of women agricultural seasonal workers from the protection of the Labour Code and the limited initiatives to increase women’s access to rural entrepreneurship through technical assistance, microcredit facilities and bank accounts" (pg 11).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the information provided by the State party about the growing number of rural women involved in commercial farming and the large investments made by the State party for such initiatives. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned that many rural women continue to face significant problems in gaining access to employment and education, and are dependent on low social benefits. The Committee recommends that the State party continue its efforts to encourage women’s entrepreneurship, including in commercial farming, and take the measures necessary to provide women living in rural areas with enhanced educational and employment opportunities" (page 10). "The Committee notes the national Roma inclusion strategy (2013-2020) and is...more
April 4, 2018, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is also concerned at the recent increase in expropriation and relocation programmes in the context of development projects, disaster risk reduction and responses to climate change, which have negatively affected the livelihood of rural women" (11).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"That women and girls, especially in remote and rural areas, face significant challenges in gaining access to sexual and reproductive health services, in particular skilled care at birth, antenatal and postnatal care and family planning, and that emergency health care remains extremely limited in rural areas" (11). "That rural women have limited access to land and other resources owing to legal and sociocultural barriers as regards their right to inheritance, and limited access to decision-making processes concerning the use of land" (13). "That large-scale rural infrastructure projects that involve forced eviction, acquisition and relocation violate the rights of rural women to fair compensation and reallocation of land" (13). "That women...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To improve the provision of basic education for girls, especially in rural and remote areas, with special attention to the provision of adequate sanitary facilities and clean water, especially in schools catering to adolescent females" (page 9). "The Committee is concerned at the precarious working conditions of women domestic workers, including women migrant workers abroad, and their heightened risk of being exposed to abuse and trafficking for sexual and labour exploitation. The Committee is also concerned that women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers and face barriers in filing complaints and gaining access to justice....more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The persisting structural barriers in the 'rural indigenous jurisdiction' and in the formal justice system that prevent women from gaining access to justice and obtaining redress, such as an insufficient number of courts across the territory, limited information regarding rights and judicial procedures available in the main indigenous languages and the limited coverage of legal aid schemes, given that only 45 per cent of municipalities have established comprehensive municipal legal services" (4). "The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to improve the living conditions of rural women, but remains concerned about: (a) Rural women’s limited access to land titles and ownership owing to the lack of identification...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee commends the State party’s efforts to improve the livelihoods of rural women, such as the adoption of a national rural women programme, which is aimed at, among other things, ensuring that rural women are included in decision-making processes in their communities. The Committee also notes that the State party has undertaken several programmes to improve entrepreneurship, such as a social cash transfer programme and the provision of microfinance loans. The Committee is, however, concerned that women continue to face obstacles that prevent their full participation in decision-making processes, especially in local governance. The Committee is also concerned about women’s limited access to infrastructure and social services such as...more