The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The national development strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to 2030 includes a special section on reducing social inequality, which addresses existing problems of inequality and discrimination against women, particularly women from rural areas, and ways of resolving them. In this regard, by a Government decision of 28 November 2015, a plan was adopted for the admission of students to higher vocational education institutions of the Republic of Tajikistan under the Presidential quota for 2016–2020, which provides annually more 625 places for specialized training of girls from remote mountain regions in higher vocational education institutions. In total, the admission of 1,227 students, of whom 629 under...more
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"(d) The limited accessibility for rural, older and marginalized women of the recently introduced electronic administration of health appointments" (10). "The Committee notes that the social protection of women working in their spouses’ family businesses has been strengthened as they now have the possibility of being registered as workers in the health and pension system. However, it is concerned at reports that women’s organizations were excluded from meaningful consultation during the planning phase of the Rural Development Plan 2014-2020 and that recent administrative reforms have limited women’s access to basic services for rural women" (11).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Agriculture and Rural Development Strategy of the R Serbia for the period 2014–2024 shows the status of gender equality in rural areas, in particular in the domain of economic participation in rural population. Women have a lower share of active persons, less employed persons and less persons engaged in activities outside agriculture than men. As regards regional differences, it is observed that the AP of Vojvodina has a slightly lower share of employed persons among women than among men, which does not mean that their financial status is better because less women are employed in the non-agricultural sector than men, women are less engaged in agriculture and a significantly...more
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The government financed shelters and rape-support centers for abused women, but more were needed, particularly in rural areas" (24). "he law prohibits FGM/C, but girls in isolated zones in ethnic Venda communities in Limpopo province were subjected to the practice" (25). "Traditional patrilineal authorities, such as a chief or a council of elders, administered many rural areas. Some traditional authorities refused to grant land tenure to women, a precondition for access to housing subsidies. Women could challenge traditional land tenure decisions in national courts, but access to legal counsel was costly" (26). "Nevertheless, registration of births was inconsistent, especially in remote rural areas or among parents who were unregistered foreign...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Among both females and males, the median number of years of schooling is higher in urban areas than in rural areas (7.0 years versus 3.1 years among females and 8.5 versus 5.8 years among males)" (20). "The percentage of the household population with no schooling is higher in rural areas than urban areas (37% versus 19% for females and 18% versus 9% for males)" (20). "Urban women are more educated than their rural counterparts. One-third of rural women (34%) have never attended school, compared with 16 percent of urban women. In rural areas, 15 percent of women have completed 12 or moreyears of schooling, compared with 34 percent in urban...more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Protection and promotion of the right of rural people including women are the responsibilities of the county people’s committees. The adoption in 2010 of the Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women enhanced these committees’ concern about and roles in that regard. They integrated in their yearly action plans the work for women, children, persons with disabilities and elderly people and ensured that they were fully implemented. Women make up 27 per cent of the deputies to local people’s assemblies" (34). "Women account for 18 per cent of all the farm managers in the country. They play important roles in ensuring that women’s wishes and demands,...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Ministry of Agriculture (MAGA) is implementing the Institutional Policy for Gender Equality and 2013-2018 Strategic Framework and has formed a strategic partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture/Rural Women Bilateral Institutional Committee" (15). "Within the gender equality framework for modifying traditional patterns of behaviour in Guatemalan society, the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MINECO) implemented: (a) the ‘Rural Women Entrepreneurs’ project to facilitate the inclusion of women in Guatemala’s economic development. This programme seeks to create business management capabilities that enable women to overcome the divides traditionally excluding them from opportunities to access new markets, financial services, technical assistance and training and thereby enhance their economic and social development; (b) training...more
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"16% of urban women have no education, as opposed to 51% of rural women" (44). "Urban women have completed a median of 11 years of education, while the median among rural women is zero. The corresponding figures among men are 11 and 7 years" (44). "The percentage of women who read a newspaper at least once a week is very low. However, urban women are over two times more likely to read a newspaper than rural women (7% and 3%, respectively). The urban-rural gap is more evident in television viewing, with 51% of urban women and only 17% of rural women watching television at least once a week" (46). "Urban...more
May 15, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The unequal application of anti-discrimination law across the territory of the State party, in particular in non-metropolitan areas" (4)."the lack of measures to address rural women’s vulnerability, including for older women in the overseas territories owing to land acquisition by multinational mining companies, often resulting in forced evictions, displacement of women and lack of adequate compensation" (16).
April 20, 2020, 4:09 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Growing up in a village in north-eastern Tunisia, Ahlam Ben Ahmad had to walk up to 4km to reach a hospital, buy food or attend school. She often got sick from the long journey, and dropped out of school two years before graduation because of her long commute. 'I woke up at 5am every day, carried my sick brother on my back and walked to school to reach it by seven,' she says. 'But I still carried my brother there every day because at least one of us nine had to finish school.' Fifteen years after Ben Ahmad, now 30, dropped out of school, the government has not improved the...more
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Rural women (59%) and men (41%) are more likely than urban women (33%) and men (23%) to have no education" (15). "Urban women and men (43% and 52%, respectively) are more likely to have completed secondary or higher education than their rural counterparts (15% and 30%, respectively)" (34). "Women and men residing in urban areas are more exposed to mass media, particularly television (71% and 68%, respectively). Rural women are more likely than their urban counterparts (58% and 27%, respectively) to have no access to the three media (newspaper, television, and radio). The pattern is similar among men (45%versus 24%)" (35). " Urban women are more likely to be involved...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"(b) Awareness about women’s rights is generally low among rural women, who face discriminatory customs, patriarchal attitudes, stereotypes and a resulting fear of stigmatization that hinders them from claiming their rights; (c) A high number of rural women continue to be employed in unpaid or low-paid, informal or hazardous sectors; (d) Rural women, including female heads of households, are particularly affected by poverty and illiteracy." (12).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Some other isolated tribes and communities in rural Sindh and Balochistan also practiced FGM/C. Some Dawoodi Bohras spoke publicly and signed online petitions against the practice" (40). "In rural areas, poor parents sometimes sold their daughters into marriage, in some cases to settle debts or disputes. Although forced marriage is a criminal offense and many cases were filed, prosecution remained limited" (43).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Some police, especially in rural areas, treated domestic violence as a social, rather than criminal, matter" (28).
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The median number of years of schooling is higher in urban areas than in non-urban areas among both females (9.6 years versus 7.0 years) and males (9.4 years versus 6.7 years). The percentage of females and males with no education is higher in non-urban areas than urban areas (14% versus 7% for females and 10% versus 6% for males)" (17). "At the primary school level, there is little difference in the [net attendance ratio] between non-urban and urban areas (89% and 88%, respectively). However, at the secondary school level, the NAR is modestly higher in non-urban areas than in urban areas (79% versus 75%)" (18). "Non-urban women are twice as...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Measures necessary to significantly reduce poverty, especially in rural areas, are being taken annually in the Congo. They are initiated by the Government, international organizations and national associations. Among the actions undertaken by the authorities to reduce the poverty of women, especially in rural areas, including those for women investing in agriculture, are the following: (i) the launch of programmes of agricultural mechanization and training on farming techniques, (ii) the launch of PRODER and installation of its branches in all regions that provide technical support and inputs to farmers; (iii) the opening of women’s savings and credit funds (since 1990) in most regions. There are no specific measures for women...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Cases of 'honor' killing--the murder of a daughter or sister who 'shamed' the family--occurred, particularly in rural areas. Authorities investigated very few instances" (29). "There was no universal birth registration, and many parents, especially in rural areas, never registered children or registered them several years after birth" (31). "Muhamasheen women were particularly vulnerable to rape and other abuse because of the general impunity for attackers due to the women’s low- caste status" (33) Muhamasheen are Yemenis born to foreign parents, concentrated in rural areas (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"China has implemented a program for poverty alleviation through development in rural areas, making women a key focus of attention and giving priority to poverty alleviation projects for women when all other conditions are equal, striving to improve the development capacity of women and bringing more benefits to them as a group" (para. 11). "It has implemented the Sunshine Project, improving the quality and skills of the rural female workforce and creating conditions to promote the transfer of rural female workforce to non-agricultural sectors and urban areas. There are now more than 200,000 training schools for women nationwide, providing training sessions to a total of nearly 200 million women in...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Figures from Iran suggest child-marriage is rampant in the country, with girls younger than 14 forced to take husbands. The practice is most prevalent in rural areas" (para. 6).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-2

"Nearly three-quarters of rural women in India depend on land for a livelihood, yet only about 13 percent own land" (para. 14).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-2

"Nearly three-quarters of rural women in India depend on land for a livelihood, yet only about 13 percent own land" (para. 14).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Custom confined women in rural areas largely to traditional roles. Women in urban areas experienced less overt discrimination but did not enjoy pay or access to employment and credit on an equal basis with men" (21).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Unscrupulous employers subjected women from rural communities and impoverished urban centers to domestic servitude, forced begging, and forced labor in small factories" (36).
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The GPI (gender parity index) for the GAR shows that the fewer girls than boys attend secondary school in urban areas (GPI=0.84), while more girls than boys attend secondary school (GPI=1.08) in rural areas" (17). "Internet usage is more common in urban areas than rural areas. In urban areas, 48 percent and 71 percent women and men, respectively, have used the internet in the past 12 months compared to 9 percent and 19 percent women and men respectively in the rural areas" (38). "Teenagers in rural areas are almost three times as likely their urban peers to begin childbearing: 27 percent of rural teenagers have begun childbearing, compared with 10...more
Aug. 8, 2019, 6:37 a.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Traffickers fraudulently recruit children from rural areas for domestic work or an education and later exploit them in forced labor and child sex trafficking via prostitution" (131).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: DLB-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Societal discrimination against women was most apparent in rural areas, where women were mostly limited to farming and child-rearing duties, with fewer opportunities for education and wage employment" (page 9-10).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"According to UNHCR, as of June 30, there were 22 incidents of sexual or gender-based violence reported from refugee camps, including three sexual assaults of children"(p. 10).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women, but the practice remained widespread, particularly in rural areas" (page 16). "Although primary education is tuition-free, universal, and compulsory between ages six and 16, parents were required to pay for textbooks, except in some rural areas" (page 17). "Children and adults in rural areas were involved in forced agricultural labor and, in urban areas, forced domestic servitude" (page 21).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women in urban areas are more than three times as likely to be literate as those in rural areas (32% versus 10%). Similarly, urban men are more likely to be literate than rural men (65% versus 45%) (Table 3.3.1 and Table 3.3.2)" (32). "Women in urban areas are more likely to receive ANC than women in rural areas (72% versus 55%). Also, urban women are more likely than rural women to receive ANC from a doctor (46% versus 26%)" (136). "Urban deliveries are more likely to be assisted by a skilled provider. Seventy-nine percent of urban and 42% of rural deliveries are assisted by skilled providers" (139). "Women in rural...more
July 23, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The absence of a strong judiciary disproportionately affected female trafficking victims’ access to justice; in rural areas outside of the formal legal system, male community leaders often settled both criminal and civil disputes, which often penalized female sex trafficking victims for 'moral crimes.' In urban areas, if judges or prosecutors assessed that no clearly defined legal statute applied or they were unaware of the statutory law, then they enforced customary law, which often resulted in outcomes that discriminated against women. While the EVAW law expressly prohibited the use of mediation and other Afghan laws neither permit nor prescribe mediation in criminal cases, police and judges often referred trafficking victims to...more