The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"(b) Awareness about women’s rights is generally low among rural women, who face discriminatory customs, patriarchal attitudes, stereotypes and a resulting fear of stigmatization that hinders them from claiming their rights; (c) A high number of rural women continue to be employed in unpaid or low-paid, informal or hazardous sectors; (d) Rural women, including female heads of households, are particularly affected by poverty and illiteracy." (12).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Some other isolated tribes and communities in rural Sindh and Balochistan also practiced FGM/C. Some Dawoodi Bohras spoke publicly and signed online petitions against the practice" (40). "In rural areas, poor parents sometimes sold their daughters into marriage, in some cases to settle debts or disputes. Although forced marriage is a criminal offense and many cases were filed, prosecution remained limited" (43).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Some police, especially in rural areas, treated domestic violence as a social, rather than criminal, matter" (28).
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The median number of years of schooling is higher in urban areas than in non-urban areas among both females (9.6 years versus 7.0 years) and males (9.4 years versus 6.7 years). The percentage of females and males with no education is higher in non-urban areas than urban areas (14% versus 7% for females and 10% versus 6% for males)" (17). "At the primary school level, there is little difference in the [net attendance ratio] between non-urban and urban areas (89% and 88%, respectively). However, at the secondary school level, the NAR is modestly higher in non-urban areas than in urban areas (79% versus 75%)" (18). "Non-urban women are twice as...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Measures necessary to significantly reduce poverty, especially in rural areas, are being taken annually in the Congo. They are initiated by the Government, international organizations and national associations. Among the actions undertaken by the authorities to reduce the poverty of women, especially in rural areas, including those for women investing in agriculture, are the following: (i) the launch of programmes of agricultural mechanization and training on farming techniques, (ii) the launch of PRODER and installation of its branches in all regions that provide technical support and inputs to farmers; (iii) the opening of women’s savings and credit funds (since 1990) in most regions. There are no specific measures for women...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Cases of 'honor' killing--the murder of a daughter or sister who 'shamed' the family--occurred, particularly in rural areas. Authorities investigated very few instances" (29). "There was no universal birth registration, and many parents, especially in rural areas, never registered children or registered them several years after birth" (31). "Muhamasheen women were particularly vulnerable to rape and other abuse because of the general impunity for attackers due to the women’s low- caste status" (33) Muhamasheen are Yemenis born to foreign parents, concentrated in rural areas (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"China has implemented a program for poverty alleviation through development in rural areas, making women a key focus of attention and giving priority to poverty alleviation projects for women when all other conditions are equal, striving to improve the development capacity of women and bringing more benefits to them as a group" (para. 11). "It has implemented the Sunshine Project, improving the quality and skills of the rural female workforce and creating conditions to promote the transfer of rural female workforce to non-agricultural sectors and urban areas. There are now more than 200,000 training schools for women nationwide, providing training sessions to a total of nearly 200 million women in...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Figures from Iran suggest child-marriage is rampant in the country, with girls younger than 14 forced to take husbands. The practice is most prevalent in rural areas" (para. 6).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-2

"Nearly three-quarters of rural women in India depend on land for a livelihood, yet only about 13 percent own land" (para. 14).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-2

"Nearly three-quarters of rural women in India depend on land for a livelihood, yet only about 13 percent own land" (para. 14).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Custom confined women in rural areas largely to traditional roles. Women in urban areas experienced less overt discrimination but did not enjoy pay or access to employment and credit on an equal basis with men" (21).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Unscrupulous employers subjected women from rural communities and impoverished urban centers to domestic servitude, forced begging, and forced labor in small factories" (36).
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The GPI (gender parity index) for the GAR shows that the fewer girls than boys attend secondary school in urban areas (GPI=0.84), while more girls than boys attend secondary school (GPI=1.08) in rural areas" (17). "Internet usage is more common in urban areas than rural areas. In urban areas, 48 percent and 71 percent women and men, respectively, have used the internet in the past 12 months compared to 9 percent and 19 percent women and men respectively in the rural areas" (38). "Teenagers in rural areas are almost three times as likely their urban peers to begin childbearing: 27 percent of rural teenagers have begun childbearing, compared with 10...more
Aug. 8, 2019, 6:37 a.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Traffickers fraudulently recruit children from rural areas for domestic work or an education and later exploit them in forced labor and child sex trafficking via prostitution" (131).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: DLB-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Societal discrimination against women was most apparent in rural areas, where women were mostly limited to farming and child-rearing duties, with fewer opportunities for education and wage employment" (page 9-10).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"According to UNHCR, as of June 30, there were 22 incidents of sexual or gender-based violence reported from refugee camps, including three sexual assaults of children"(p. 10).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women, but the practice remained widespread, particularly in rural areas" (page 16). "Although primary education is tuition-free, universal, and compulsory between ages six and 16, parents were required to pay for textbooks, except in some rural areas" (page 17). "Children and adults in rural areas were involved in forced agricultural labor and, in urban areas, forced domestic servitude" (page 21).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women in urban areas are more than three times as likely to be literate as those in rural areas (32% versus 10%). Similarly, urban men are more likely to be literate than rural men (65% versus 45%) (Table 3.3.1 and Table 3.3.2)" (32). "Women in urban areas are more likely to receive ANC than women in rural areas (72% versus 55%). Also, urban women are more likely than rural women to receive ANC from a doctor (46% versus 26%)" (136). "Urban deliveries are more likely to be assisted by a skilled provider. Seventy-nine percent of urban and 42% of rural deliveries are assisted by skilled providers" (139). "Women in rural...more
July 23, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The absence of a strong judiciary disproportionately affected female trafficking victims’ access to justice; in rural areas outside of the formal legal system, male community leaders often settled both criminal and civil disputes, which often penalized female sex trafficking victims for 'moral crimes.' In urban areas, if judges or prosecutors assessed that no clearly defined legal statute applied or they were unaware of the statutory law, then they enforced customary law, which often resulted in outcomes that discriminated against women. While the EVAW law expressly prohibited the use of mediation and other Afghan laws neither permit nor prescribe mediation in criminal cases, police and judges often referred trafficking victims to...more
July 23, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In Ethiopia, traffickers often deceive parents of children living in rural areas into sending their children to major cities to work as domestic workers. The traffickers promise families that the children will go to school and receive wages for their work, thereby enabling them to send money home" (11-12).
July 23, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In Cambodia, a lack of jobs leads some women and girls to leave their homes in rural areas to try to find work in tourist destination cities. In many cases, traffickers exploit them in sex trafficking, including in massage parlors, karaoke bars, and beer gardens" (11).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes that the State party has taken economic empowerment measures for rural women, supporting cooperatives and making credit and grant programmes available in rural environments. The Committee is concerned, however, by the lack of social, health and economic infrastructure in rural environments, as well as by the concentration of rural women in the informal sector. The Committee is moreover concerned that rural women are particularly affected by labour migration of partners, which exposes them to higher risks of economic distress and high HIV-infection rates" (11-12). "The Committee is concerned by the situation of women in areas affected by earthquakes and their limited access to services, and is especially...more
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"Women participated in public life and in most professions, including the armed forces, although violence in many regions reduced women’s access to the public sphere. Women and men have equal legal rights in owning or managing land or other property, although cultural and religious norms impeded women’s rights, especially in rural areas. Various sources observed that women constituted a minority of lawyers, university professors, and other professions" (Pg 46).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The inadequate funding of the health-care sector, resulting in limited access to basic health-care services, in particular among poor, rural and nomadic women" (11). "The Committee welcomes the ‘Nigeriens feeding Nigeriens’ initiative, which supports rural women. Nevertheless, it notes with concern the extremely high rates of poverty (82 per cent) and food insecurity affecting women in rural areas of the State party, which are linked to the lower socioeconomic status of women and the disproportionate impact of climate change, desertification and extractive industries (uranium) on women. It notes that the precarious situation of rural women is exacerbated by customary law provisions on community management, which exclude women from the traditional...more
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"NGOs reported children as young as 12 were at times married in unofficial religious ceremonies, particularly in poor and rural regions and among the Syrian population living in the country" (page 52).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Traditional beliefs about witchcraft negatively affected rural women, especially widows, the elderly, persons of low economic status, or members of the Dalit caste. Shamans or family members publicly beat and otherwise physically abused alleged witches as part of exorcism ceremonies. Media and NGOs reported numerous cases of such violence, and civil society organizations raised public awareness of the problem. Women, and in some instances men, accused of witchcraft were severely traumatized and suffered physical and mental abuse. In recent years those accused of witchcraft have faced various punishments, including being fed human excreta, being hit with hot spoons in different parts of the body, being forced to touch hot irons...more
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The government ran integrated service centers for women and children (P2TPA) in all 34 provinces and approximately 242 districts, which provided counseling and support services to victims of violence. The larger provincial service centers provided more comprehensive psychosocial services, while the quality of support at the district-level centers varied. Women living in rural areas or districts where no such center was established had difficulty receiving support services and some centers were only open for six hours a day and not the required 24 hours. Nationwide, police operated 'special crisis rooms' or 'women’s desks' where female officers received reports from female and child victims of sexual assault and trafficking and where...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The persisting segregation of Roma in separate settlements, including by constructing walls and other physical separations, the limited access of Roma women to land tenure, the reports of frequent violent raids by the police on Roma settlements, resulting in casualties and the displacement of residents, including women and children, and the lack of investigation into the excessive use of force and misconduct by the police" (11).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There are serious loopholes in some policies too; the Agriculture Policy recognizes only the post-harvest role of the women which effectively means that women are not recognized as farmers and the door for them to access government agriculture support services and credit facilities remain shut" (12). "Both the National Rural Development Policy and the National Agriculture Extension Policy, respectively adopted in 2001 and 2012, talk conspicuously about issues of the women and the need for specific intervention to improve their conditions and rights as part of overall social and economic progress of the country. The recently adopted 7th Five-Year Plan, possibly the most important document for the socio-economic development of...more
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2

"Discrimination against women in employment and occupation occurred in all sectors of the economy and in rural areas, where traditional practices that favor men remained widespread" (Pg 26).