The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-DATA-1

"Couples and individuals generally had the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of children, but information on reproductive health and access to quality reproductive health services and emergency obstetric care was not widely available. The 2013 NDHS reported the maternal mortality rate was 576 deaths per 100,000 live births, due to such factors as lack of access to antenatal care, skilled birth attendants, emergency obstetric care, and other medical services. According to 2013 estimates by the UN, World Health Organization, and World Bank, there were approximately 40,000 maternal deaths in 2013, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 31. Skilled health-care personnel attended a...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Although the constitution provides for equal legal status and rights regardless of gender, women do not have the same rights as men under family law, which customary courts usually adjudicate. In customary law legal rights as head of household typically apply only to men. Customary law does not consider a divorced or widowed woman, even with children, to be a head of household. Traditional and religious beliefs resulted in discrimination in education, employment (see section 7.d.), owning or managing a business, credit, and property rights. Discrimination was worse in rural areas, where women helped with subsistence farming and did most of the childrearing, cooking, water- and wood-gathering, and other work....more
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women’s rights advocates indicated that in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings. Rural contract law and laws protecting women’s rights stipulate that women enjoy equal rights in cases of land management, but experts asserted this was rarely the case due to the complexity of the law and difficulties in its implementation" (57). "The gap in education quality for rural and urban youth remained extensive, with many children of migrant workers attending unlicensed and poorly equipped schools" (57).
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, DACH-DATA-2, CWC-DATA-2, MMR-DATA-1

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; manage their reproductive health; and have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. There are no government restrictions on the provision of contraceptives except to children under age 14, the legal age of consent for medical treatment, and 50 percent of women used a modern contraceptive method. Women who lived in urban areas had better access to skilled attendance during childbirth and postpartum care than those in rural areas. The country’s 2014 Demographic and Health Survey reported the 2013 maternal mortality ratio was 385 per 100,000...more
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Traditional patriarchal ideas of gender, according to which women should be subservient to male members of their families, resulted in continued discrimination against women in the home. Less educated women or those living in rural areas often encountered attitudes and stereotypes that perpetuated their subordinate position in the family and society" (Pg 26).
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Among both women and men, the median number of years of schooling is higher in urban areas than in rural areas with 6.7 years versus 2.7 years among women and 7.6 versus 3.4 years among men" (15). "Urban women are more educated than their rural counterparts. Fourteen percent of rural women have never attended school compared with 3% of urban women. In rural areas, only 1% of women have attended more than secondary school compared with 12% in urban areas" (32). "Women and men living in urban areas are more likely to be literate than those living in rural areas. Ninety percent of urban women and 96% of urban men...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In addition, poverty analysis based on consumption, dated back in 2008/9 show a poverty stagnation between 2002/3 and 2008/9 in the range of 54.7%, with higher concentration in rural areas (57%) that in urban areas (50%), according to the MPD, in its Third Poverty Assessment, 2013" (8). "Concerning polygamy, data from the same inquiry points to a reduction of women living in polygamist relationships. In the urban areas, the percentage of women in monogamist unions increased from 67% to 74%. In the rural areas, the increase is relatively lower (71.1% to 74.6%) and a contrasting increase is observed in women whose partners have another wife. The message given by the...more
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In 2014 the Ministry of Agriculture implemented a project for the revision, from a gender and climate change perspective, of sector planning documents, including the National Food and Nutritional Security Strategy, updated to 2020 (Resolution No. 69/2015, 27 July). It highlights women’s role in family agriculture, the possibility of targeted policies for family producers, their capacity building to influence policy making, including women’s participation in policy forums. The Action Plan for Food and Nutritional Security (Resolution 68/2015, 27 July) aims to ensure the right to adequate food: it considers the possibility of a social pension for vulnerable groups to ensure access to food, and poor persons with special needs; income...more
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"On the other hand, households in urban areas are more likely than those in rural areas to be headed by a woman (37 percent compared with 28 percent)" (20). "The median birth interval in urban areas is 45.7 months compared with 37.4 months in rural areas, and only a little more than one-third of urban births were spaced less than 36 months after a prior birth compared with almost half of rural births" (59). "The TAR [total abortion rate] among rural women (0.8) is twice the rate among urban women (0.4)" (91).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Austrian programme for rural development earmarked for the first time about 235 million euros for social matters and service institutions for the period between 2014 and 2020. Childcare facilities, mobile services and care facilities are applicable for funding, amongst others. A rural development project with the name LEADER 2014-2020 promotes stronger participation of women in regional decision-making processes. A mandatory quota for women — one third of all members in the project selection committee who have a right to vote — was defined for the selection procedure for local action groups. In many decisions on selected projects, women exceed the quota. The LEADER 2014-2020 programme contains a number of...more
June 3, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"According to The State of the World's Children 2006, a United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) publication, nearly twice as many women living in rural areas were married before the age of 18, compared with those living in urban areas" (Pg 30).
May 30, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the activities undertaken by the State party’s Rural Development Commission. Nevertheless, it is concerned at the disadvantaged status of women in rural areas and regrets the limited data on their situation and on the measures taken by the State party to address poverty among rural women and to fully ensure their access to justice, education, formal employment, skills development and training opportunities, health, housing, income-generating opportunities and microcredit" (11).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It is also concerned that women themselves, especially those in rural areas, are unaware of their rights under the Convention and thus lack the information necessary to claim those rights" (2). "a) The limited access of women and girls to health care in rural and remote areas, the lack of trained personnel and obstetric health services for women and women’s limited access to adequate sexual and reproductive health services; (...) (c) Limited access to modern contraceptives for women and girls, in particular in rural and remote areas, and the lack of accurate, evidence-based information on the types and effects of contraceptives available to the publica) The limited access of women...more
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Population Decline Action Plan 2015-2019, which sets out a strategy to address the impact of regional population decline in less-urbanized areas. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned by the lack of integration of a gender perspective therein and the fact that the population decline is accompanied by a reduction of transport and social services, which affects women disproportionately. The Committee also notes with concern that women in Curaçao, in particular those who earn low wages, face difficulties in terms of access to public transport and other services" (13).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The IKR’s Family Violence Law bans FGM/C, but NGOs reported the practice persisted, particularly in rural areas" (41). "Primary education is compulsory for citizen children for the first six years of schooling and until age 15 in the IKR; it is provided without cost to citizens. Equal access to education for girls remained a challenge, particularly in rural and unsecure areas" (43). "The legal minimum age of marriage is 15 with parental permission and 18 without. The government reportedly made few efforts to enforce the law. Traditional forced marriages of girls occurred throughout the country. According to UNICEF in 2016, approximately 975,000 women and girls had been married before age...more
May 16, 2019, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The [unregistered marriage] ceremonies are carried out mainly in rural areas. The marriages have no legal standing in the country. Under Kyrgyzstan family code, women and men have equal property rights in marriage, with couples signing a contract stating the division of property between them. But in unregistered marriages, there is no such contract and women lose out on these benefits" (para 2).
May 14, 2019, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

" In rural areas, women discuss marriage troubles on call-in radio shows. In major cities, women vent their relationship frustrations on social media" (para 22). "In rural areas, the government and Unicef have assigned representatives to mediate between families and girls who rebel against marriage" (para 63).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee appreciates the written information provided by the State party following the dialogue on rural women. It notes as positive the support provided to the Association of Women in Agriculture since 2010 through conferences and awareness-raising programmes on the gender pay gap, and the various initiatives to promote diversification in agriculture. Nevertheless, it is concerned that: (a) The gender pay gap in rural areas remains higher than in urban areas; (b) Inadequate infrastructure, especially in relation to care and welfare, and demographic change and rural migration, may lead to poverty and social exclusion for women, in particular single mothers and older persons" (15).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Female-headed households are more common in urban than rural areas (24% and 18%, respectively)" (10).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The WAB, aware that gender empowerment programs should move beyond the urban centres, amplified its outreach in collaboration with the RWACs to other Regions in 2014. One hundred and forty-four (144) women benefitted from empowerment and gender awareness sessions. Women participants were drawn from Region 2 (13 women), Region 3 (44 women) and Region 6 (87 women). The latter intervention resulted in the acquisition of farming tools for a group business venture that has since created employment for young girls and mothers within Belfield and Notenzuel communities" (17). "Rural women play an important role in agriculture which is integral to the development of the economy. Special programmes have been instituted...more
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There is an important gap in educational attainment between urban and rural female populations, with median years completed of 14.4 and 7.5, respectively" (13). "More than 36% of urban women age 15-49 have more than secondary education, compared with 13% of rural women; among men, these proportions are respectively 27% and 10%" (28). "Area of residence is a determining factor in employment for women. In urban areas, 43% of them are employed compared with only 28% in rural areas. For men, however, there is no substantial difference by type of residence: 55% are employed in urban areas compared with 58% in rural areas" (33). "One-third (34%) of women age 15...more
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Despite the large body of law and regulation devoted to the protection of women’s rights in marriage and the workplace, as well as provisions that call for preferential treatment, women did not always receive equal treatment in employment, education, or housing, particularly in rural areas" (31).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the information provided by the State party in relation to rural women, but remains concerned that female farmers are often left in a vulnerable situation following divorce and unable to recover any personal assets or have access to unemployment insurance benefits" (15).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Most rural citizens were unfamiliar with laws against domestic violence and sexual offenses" (33). "Women and children were adversely affected by the government’s forced evictions, demolition of homes and businesses, and takeover of commercial farms. Widows, when forced to relocate to rural areas, were sometimes 'inherited' into marriages with an in-law after the deaths of their spouses" (36).
April 22, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

Graph no. 6 shows Overall violence rates for women from urban and rural communities based on a study on distribution of violence against women, 2013. 49,2% rural women experienced violence, while 44,3% experienced violence (8).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"By 2015 the RS implemented the Action Plan for the Advancement of Women’s Position in Rural Areas, as a temporary special measure within the 2009-2015 Strategic Rural Development Plan" (16). "Many unemployed women in rural areas do not use the right to health insurance because of not being registered with employment bureau, while many married rural women depend on husbands to register them as employees on farming household to access health insurance" (34). "Women’s work in the rural area is not sufficiently valued and includes work in the household, family responsibilities, farm work at family land and sometimes the work outside the home. Laws, policies and priorities related to agriculture...more
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts towards poverty eradication in rural areas, including the implementation of the rural economy advancement programme. It is concerned, however, at reports that rural women have limited access to safe water, transport and markets for their products. The Committee is also concerned that the modernization process that the State party is undergoing may increase social burdens on women in rural areas" (10).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The project to mobilise sparsely populated communities and women in support of girls’ education that began in 2009 is still under way. Twenty communities have developed plans for the promotion of girls’ education. School Girl Mothers’ Clubs (CMEF) have been established in more than 15 regional directorates" (28). "The State has developed a number of policies and programmes specifically for women, as listed below. 1) The National Agricultural Investment Plan (2012–2015), which benefits women in rural areas" (30). "In addition, the Government has also: ... 4) Provided rural women with on-site training on how to produce and market food crops" (31).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is, nevertheless, concerned about: (d) The closure of 12 of the 16 Status of Women Canada regional offices, which has limited women’s access to the services provided by Status of Women Canada, in particular in remote and rural areas" (6). "Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about: (a) The continued high prevalence of gender-based violence against women in the State party, in particular against indigenous women and girls" (7). "The Committee is concerned that indigenous women continue to suffer from multiple forms of discrimination, in particular with regard to their access to employment, housing, education and health care, and continue to live in poverty in the State party, as...more
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"An August report by the CHRI referenced a study presented at the nongovernmental Imam Ali Foundation’s May conference in Tehran on violence against women in the country, according to which 32 percent of women in urban areas and 63 percent in rural areas had been victims of domestic violence" (33). "There were no official reports of killings motivated by 'honor' or other harmful traditional practices during the year, although human rights activists reported that such killings continued to occur, particularly among rural and tribal populations" (34).