The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It notes with concern that Roma women are disproportionately affected by poverty and a low standard of living and that they have limited access to health services, education and employment, especially in rural areas" (9).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Department for Women has invested considerable resources to benefit rural women through its Income Generating Projects, Women’s Centre and zero-tolerance for violence against women and children. These programmes are designed to eliminate violence, poverty alleviation and economic empowerment of rural women. The consultation meetings with rural women highlighted the need to protect the rights and freedoms and the advancement of those 412,425 rural women, address gender equality issues prevalent in rural areas, equality issues between rural women and urban women as well as issues pertaining to ethnicity and equality between cultural groups. Majority of rural women who attended the consultation meetings are high school dropouts and needs more awareness ...more
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"About 2 in 10 women and 1 in 10 men in rural areas have never attended school, significantly higher levels than among urban dwellers" (page 52). "Currently married women in rural areas are almost twice as likely (21%) to be in polygynous unions as those in urban areas (11%) . . . Both women and men in rural areas are more likely to marry earlier than their urban counterparts. For women age 25-49, the median age at first marriage is 1.7 years earlier among rural than among urban women (18.7 years versus 20.4 years). The rural-urban gap for men age 30-49 is larger; men in rural areas marry 2.6 years ...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women, in particular single mothers, older women, divorced rural women, migrant women, unemployed women and women involved in unpaid care work, are disproportionately affected by poverty" (Pg 16). "The Committee notes the information provided by the State party in relation to rural women, but remains concerned that female farmers are often left in a vulnerable situation following divorce and unable to recover any personal assets or have access to unemployment insurance benefits. The Committee is also concerned that laws governing the inheritance of property often prevent widows from inheriting farms in the event of their husband’s death. The Committee is further concerned at the underrepresentation of women in farmers’ unions ...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices by launching awareness-raising campaigns, but remains concerned that such stereotypes and practices remain prevalent. The Committee is particularly concerned about the persistence of such harmful practices as child marriage, families choosing husbands and the payment of a bride price or dowry, which remain prevalent in rural and remote areas and among minority communities. It also notes with concern the re-emergence of concepts of justice (kanun) and codes of conduct that condone killings of women and girls in the name of so-called 'honour'" (Pg 5). "The low rate of reporting of cases of gender-based violence against ...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Persisting social and cultural constraints, especially in rural areas, prevent women from owning and inheriting land" (15). "The prevalence of early marriage, 70 per cent overall, attains 77.3 per cent among rural girls" (16). "According to the Demographic and Health Survey (EDS) 2010, excision is still more widespread in rural than in urban areas" (18). "At the national level, the gender breakdown of secondary education students was 53 per cent boys and 46,15 per cent girls in the 2008-2009 school year and 51.75 per cent boys and 48.25 per cent girls in the 2012-2013 school year. That reduction in the gap from approximately 7 to 3 points has been due ...more
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"That women themselves, especially those in rural areas and those belonging to disadvantaged groups, are unaware of their rights under the Convention and thus lack the information necessary to claim them" (Pg 3). "The Committee notes the adoption of a substrategy on promoting women’s economic opportunities and leadership in 2014, but it remains concerned at the persistence of poverty among women, in particular in rural areas and among female-headed households, as well as at women’s limited access to property, financial credit and mortgages. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of targeted measures to ensure that older women and women with disabilities can participate in decision-making in and benefit ...more
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There needs to be cooperation between NGOs, local governments, and the Ministry of Education to provide greater access to education to the rural areas of Afghanistan. Because security is still a problem in Afghanistan, families are unwilling to send their children far outside their villages to receive education. Even families fortunate enough to have automobile transportation still fear sending their children, particularly their daughters, away from the village to go to school. When educational and higher educational opportunity is concentrated in larger cities, the graduating professionals are generally unwilling to take their degrees and move to rural villages to teach. Afghanistan already has a shortage of female teachers, and getting ...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the creation, in 2008, of the National Observatory for Women in Agriculture and Rural Areas by the Ministry of Agriculture. The Committee notes with concern, however, the lack of updated and disaggregated data on the participation of women in the agricultural sector. It remains concerned about the exclusion of women agricultural seasonal workers from the protection of the Labour Code and the limited initiatives to increase women’s access to rural entrepreneurship through technical assistance, microcredit facilities and bank accounts" (pg 11).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the information provided by the State party about the growing number of rural women involved in commercial farming and the large investments made by the State party for such initiatives. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned that many rural women continue to face significant problems in gaining access to employment and education, and are dependent on low social benefits. The Committee recommends that the State party continue its efforts to encourage women’s entrepreneurship, including in commercial farming, and take the measures necessary to provide women living in rural areas with enhanced educational and employment opportunities" (page 10). "The Committee notes the national Roma inclusion strategy (2013-2020) and is ...more
April 4, 2018, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is also concerned at the recent increase in expropriation and relocation programmes in the context of development projects, disaster risk reduction and responses to climate change, which have negatively affected the livelihood of rural women" (11).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"That women and girls, especially in remote and rural areas, face significant challenges in gaining access to sexual and reproductive health services, in particular skilled care at birth, antenatal and postnatal care and family planning, and that emergency health care remains extremely limited in rural areas" (11). "That rural women have limited access to land and other resources owing to legal and sociocultural barriers as regards their right to inheritance, and limited access to decision-making processes concerning the use of land" (13). "That large-scale rural infrastructure projects that involve forced eviction, acquisition and relocation violate the rights of rural women to fair compensation and reallocation of land" (13). "That women ...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To improve the provision of basic education for girls, especially in rural and remote areas, with special attention to the provision of adequate sanitary facilities and clean water, especially in schools catering to adolescent females" (page 9). "The Committee is concerned at the precarious working conditions of women domestic workers, including women migrant workers abroad, and their heightened risk of being exposed to abuse and trafficking for sexual and labour exploitation. The Committee is also concerned that women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers and face barriers in filing complaints and gaining access to justice. ...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The persisting structural barriers in the 'rural indigenous jurisdiction' and in the formal justice system that prevent women from gaining access to justice and obtaining redress, such as an insufficient number of courts across the territory, limited information regarding rights and judicial procedures available in the main indigenous languages and the limited coverage of legal aid schemes, given that only 45 per cent of municipalities have established comprehensive municipal legal services" (4). "The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to improve the living conditions of rural women, but remains concerned about: (a) Rural women’s limited access to land titles and ownership owing to the lack of identification ...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee commends the State party’s efforts to improve the livelihoods of rural women, such as the adoption of a national rural women programme, which is aimed at, among other things, ensuring that rural women are included in decision-making processes in their communities. The Committee also notes that the State party has undertaken several programmes to improve entrepreneurship, such as a social cash transfer programme and the provision of microfinance loans. The Committee is, however, concerned that women continue to face obstacles that prevent their full participation in decision-making processes, especially in local governance. The Committee is also concerned about women’s limited access to infrastructure and social services such as ...more
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes with concern that there is insufficient knowledge among the branches of government of the rights of women under the Convention, the concept of the substantive equality of women and men and the Committee ’s general recommendations. It is further concerned that women themselves, especially those in rural areas, are unaware of their rights under the Convention and thus lack the information necessary to claim those rights" (2). "The Committee notes with concern the disadvantaged status of women in rural areas, in particular that only 9 per cent of all farms are headed by women and that rural women occupy only 4.2 per cent of managerial positions in ...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee has asked Burundi “[to] adopt a gender-sensitive employment policy with respect to women in the informal sectors of the economy” (Paragraph 34).Accordingly, Burundi has established a Rural Micro-credit Fund (FMCR) to enable rural populations to benefit from micro loans to provide for their needs. It has encourages the establishment and strengthening of microfinance, including women’s microfinance to support rural women as they go about their informal sector activities" (20). This suggests that women living in rural areas are more likely to be employed in the informal sector, and this raises a variety of concerns, including poverty (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "104. The Committee had requested that the Burundian State “take ...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of harmful practices, as well as discriminatory stereotypes and deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. The Committee is particularly concerned at the lack of data on the extent of harmful practices such as widow inheritance, sexual initiation practices and polygamy. The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/NAM/CO/3, paras. 16 and 17) and notes that the State party has not yet conducted a study on the extent of and prevalence of traditional harmful practices and on the impact of the implementation of the Traditional Authorities Act (No. 25 of 2000) and ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

The Committee is concerned about reports that a high number of children are not immediately registered at birth and that cumbersome procedures are in place for the registration of children above 5 years of age. It notes with concern reports of obstacles to the registration of the birth of children born out of wedlock, often resulting from the stigmatization faced by single mothers. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that all children born in the State party, including those born out of wedlock or in rural areas, are immediately registered at birth to enable them to gain access to citizenship, education and health, and that it take steps ...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned about the persistent discrimination experienced by rural women, indigenous women and Afro-Colombian women. It is deeply concerned that the disproportionate impact of the armed conflict in conjunction with the negative impact of agricultural and mining mega-projects on these groups of women are deepening the prevailing discrimination, inequalities and poverty which they have long been experiencing, despite the efforts of the State party to improve their situation. It is particularly concerned at: The multiple barriers that women face to access to land restitution in the framework of Law No. 1448 (2011), inter alia, institutional, procedural and social barriers, as well as the lack of sustainable solutions for ...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . (c) Strengthen information and awareness-raising campaigns for local, traditional and religious leaders and the general public, especially in rural areas, on the negative effects of discriminatory legal provisions" (page 3). "The Committee welcomes the establishment, in the framework of the justice sector programme, of justice houses, information offices and counselling centres, but remains concerned about: (a) Persisting barriers faced by women in effectively gaining access to justice, including legal illiteracy, stigmatization of victims, stigmatization of women fighting for their rights, fear of reprisals, difficulties in gaining access to justice infrastructure, difficulties in producing evidence and the limited number of female ...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, about...Women’s limited access to basic health-care services, in particular in rural areas" (13-14). "The Committee is concerned about shortcomings of programmes such as the Country Strategic Opportunities Programme for 2009-2014 and the national agricultural support programme, the extreme poverty and illiteracy among women in rural areas, and the limited access of rural women to land ownership, safe drinking water, health care and legal aid" (14).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"While noting the efforts of the State party to protect equal access to land under section 211 of the Constitution, the Committee is concerned that women, especially those in rural areas, continue to face barriers to acquiring land owing to prevailing discriminatory customary laws and structures. The Committee is also concerned at reports that women are largely excluded from participating in decision-making on matters of rural development and policy owing to persisting negative social and cultural norms regarding their participation. The Committee is further concerned at the lack of income-generating opportunities for rural women. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To eliminate all cultural barriers that restrict women’s ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Obstacles facing rural women in accessing health services have been surmounted" (44).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Educational Reform (2013) anticipates increasing attention to youth and adults without completed basic education, through the National Campaign of Literacy and Reduction of Educational Backwardness, operated by the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) in collaboration with state governments; in this way, there was a four times increase in the coverage of women being attended to at the beginning level (illiterate) in rural and urban zones, from 2012 to 2015, growing from 56,673 to 225,163 women in rural zones and 82,352 to 315,688 in urban zones" (page 20). "In 2015, the federal legislative branch added dispositions to the General Health and Social Security Laws, and the Institute of Security ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There was hardly any difference in the poverty rates for males and females in the urban and rural sector but women in the estate sector were poorer than males" (24).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) 2008/2009 indicates that 27.1 per cent of women surveyed are circumcised, a decline from 32 per cent in 2003. The KDHS also indicates that a higher proportion of rural women (30.6 per cent) than urban women (16.5 per cent) have been circumcised and further indicates a marked decline in prevalence between generations" (15). "The Government has developed a Community Health Workers Training package. These health workers play a key role in conducting awareness on health issues in rural areas where a number of rural women can hardly access a professional health-care provider" (31). "More rural women have had access to mobile telephone and ...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There are proportionally more schools (86.8 per cent of the total) in the countryside, where 80 per cent of the population resides, than in urban areas. In addition, the number of classrooms in use rose from 15,065 in 2000–2001 to 28,879 in 2006–2009, then to 44,225 in 2010–2011. There are four students to a desk, and the situation is worse in rural areas, where five students must share a desk" (pg 11). "In 2009–2010, rural enrolment of 95,999 students accounted for 37.86 per cent of the total, as against 35.2 per cent in 2008–2009" (pg 14). "Given the very notable increase in new admissions to 6th form and the poorer ...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Gender stereotypes have a rather general nature and are more pronounced in rural areas. Women involved in work continue to carry the burden of a double load, with the obligation to provide financial support to the family and household work and child care and education. Statistics show that 98 per cent of people on parental leave are women, despite a favorable legal framework for both genders" (Pg 11). "We have noted that in some families in rural areas work is divided between boys and girls, in a way that boys are responsible for activities which requires a greater physical effort, while girls perform more household activities" (Pg 12). "At the ...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"[The Committee] remains concerned, however, about: (a) The disadvantaged position of women in rural and remote areas who face poverty, difficulties in gaining access to health care, education and income-generating activities and a lack of participation in decision-making processes at the community level; (b) The prevalence of discriminatory practices that prevent rural women from inheriting or acquiring ownership of agricultural land and other property" (15).