The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"National health-care protocols require that women be offered postpartum care and counseling on methods and services related to family planning. The government offered special programs to meet the needs of vulnerable target groups, such as adolescents, internally displaced persons, urban migrants, persons in prostitution, and the very poor. In many remote villages, however, reproductive health-care services were nonexistent. Where remote services were available, the rugged terrain, inadequate roads, or lack of transport made them nearly inaccessible" (Pg 25). "Average wages for women were substantially less than for men. Women made up the majority of pensioners, a group particularly vulnerable to deteriorating economic conditions. In rural areas, traditional attitudes toward women...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The social stigma of rape, especially in rural areas, contributed to the pervasiveness of out-of-court settlements and discouraged formal prosecution of cases. An overtaxed justice system also prevented timely prosecution, although local NGOs pushed for judicial action and sometimes provided lawyers to indigent victims. The government raised awareness of rape through billboards, radio broadcasts, and other outreach campaigns" (Pg 15). "Women and men enjoy the same legal status. By law women can inherit land and property, are entitled to receive equal pay for equal work, have the right of equal access to education, and can own and manage businesses. Women experienced discrimination, however, in such areas as employment (see section...more
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In 2014, UK Government allocated £1.6 million of funding to projects dedicated to supporting women to overcome the specific problems they face when starting a business in rural areas" (32). "The National Rural Mental Health Forum has been established to help people in rural areas maintain good mental health and wellbeing... Scottish Government has made available £1.85m over three years to Rape Crisis Scotland to... establish a rape crisis service on Orkney and Shetland in partnership with Women’s Aid and the Highland Centre" (33).
Feb. 4, 2019, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The lack of registration certificates for a number of children, especially in rural areas and in Romani families, remained a problem. Observers estimated that more than 1,000 children lacked identification documents" (Pg 32).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is also concerned about the limited coverage of social programmes, including social protection schemes, for women living in poverty, migrant and refugee women, indigenous women, women of African descent and women with disabilities" (11). "The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to promote the participation of rural women in rural development councils and steering committees, in addition to the sectoral plan for agricultural and rural development covering the period 2015-2018. Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (b) The lack of participation by rural women in the benefits of rural development projects conducted at the territorial level by territorial councils for rural development; (c) The limited impact...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Reproductive health services were concentrated in cities, and rural areas faced significant gaps in coverage" (page 22).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"More than half of rural households (53%) travel 30 minutes or longer round trip to fetch drinking water. In both rural and urban households, adult women are most likely to be responsible for fetching drinking water (17% in urban households and 68% in rural households). In rural areas, female children under age 15 are three times more likely than male children in the same age group to fetch drinking water (13% versus 4%)" (10). "Urban residents are much more likely than rural residents to be educated. Twenty-four percent of females age 6 and older in urban areas have no education, as compared with 54% of females in rural areas. The...more
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It is equally concerned that illiteracy rates and secondary school dropout rates for girls in rural and remote areas and in indigenous communities and communities of African descent remain disproportionately high compared with the rest of the population, often owing to poverty, early pregnancy, early marriage and child labour" (11). "It is also concerned about: (...) e) The lack of adequate access for women to information on their sexual and reproductive health and rights, including responsible sexual behaviour, and the lack of reasonable and affordable access to family planning and services and contraceptive methods, especially in rural areas, where an estimated 71 per cent of women do not use contraception"...more
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women and girls, in particular those belonging to Arab and Bedouin communities, asylum seekers and migrants, experience differential access to justice owing to the physical and economic barriers that they face in bringing complaints of discrimination" (pg. 5) Bedouin communities are primarily rural (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "Israeli-Arab and Bedouin women and girls continue to register poor health outcomes, in particular in terms of infant and maternal mortality, and have the highest incidence within the Israeli population of obesity and lung cancer" (pg. 14) Bedouin communities are primarily rural (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "The Committee notes that the State party operates a “safe space” project for adolescent Bedouin girls in distress with a view...more
Jan. 17, 2019, 9:50 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women’s Month is also a time for reflection. We know that the mainstreaming of gender is imperative because it is women who are still the poorest in our country, and black rural women in particular. It is women who face triple oppression on the basis of race, class and gender" (Para 18).
Jan. 16, 2019, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Transparent Election Foundation of Afghanistan (TEFA) head, Mohammad Naim Ayubzada, also said women hesitated from performing duty as election observers in remote areas. 'Insecurity, cultural restrictions and social problems as well as death threats to female observers are issues that make it impossible to employ women as observers in many areas, he said. 'The IEC has not yet announced how many and in which areas only women polling stations will be set up, if the commission employs female workers in polling stations, then we would be able to have female observers,' he said. 'This problem is not confined only to the election observers, the IEC is also unable to open...more
Jan. 8, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Vásquez is one of 11 children from a family of subsistence farmers in a rural village in western El Salvador. Their dire economic situation forced her to leave school at the age of 10, and move to the capital, San Salvador, at 17. She found work as a domestic servant" (para 9).
Jan. 8, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It means so much to many girls who have been using tissue paper or old clothes during their menstruation. Many girls in the marginalised areas used to miss class. Now girls will never miss school again because of their periods" (para 5). "Plan International is urging for robust implementation of the plan to ensure all girls, including those in marginalised and remote communities, can access free sanitary pads" (para 11).
Jan. 8, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The western parts of Nepal are characterized by high illiteracy and poverty, low development and significant gender inequality. A 2010 government study found that one-fifth of Nepali women practiced chhaupadi but in the mid- and far-west the figure was significantly higher" (para 8). "The Rural Village Water Resources Management Project, which works on improving access to sanitation, found that in the last eight months five women have died due to chhaupadi" (para 14).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Lao population is composed of 49 ethnic groups which have different cultural traditions and practices especially the ethnic groups that reside in remote areas with difficult access to education still practice their ancient local beliefs or customs that may put women’s and children’s rights at risks of violation. In this regard, the Government of the Lao PDR attaches importance to combating violence against women and discouraging the negative attitudes and beliefs as an excuse for committing violence against women and children, eradicating the still somehow existing stereotypes and negative cultural practices that lead to violence against women and children. The Lao Government has employed all possible measures to encourage...more
Jan. 3, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Former chairman of the Communist Party in China, Mao Zedong, famously promoted the slogan that 'women hold up half the sky.' With 90% of China’s working age women in cities in employment by the 1970s, that seemed to be the case" (para 3). "One critic of the [market] reforms, social commentator and author Zhang Lijia, says that China’s shift from a planned economy to a market economy model has brought changes and opportunities for both men and women – particularly urban and educated women. But it has also brought setbacks, including job losses" (para 5). "Recent figures show that women in China’s cities now earn 67.3% of what men make....more
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, ISTD-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The government provided essential health care for women, including skilled attendants during childbirth and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, although some rural women did not have access to these services" (page 17).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In 2015 the Ministry of Social Affairs, the UGTT, and the Tunisian Union of Agriculture and Fishing reached an agreement to improve labor conditions and salaries in agricultural work to match those in the industrial sector. The agreement allows for the protection of rural women against dangerous employment conditions, sets safety standards for handling of hazardous materials, and gives tax incentives for agricultural employers to provide training for workers" (page 29-30).
Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"On the human development index, Malawi is considered as one of the world's poorest places, ranking 160th out of 182 nations. Early marriage is more common in rural areas, where parents are eager to get girls out of the house to ease their financial burden" (para 11). "Last year, this included sending Malawi's female MPs to rural schools. The girls in the community suddenly became eager to learn English - the language spoken in parliament. She has also been taking as many girls as she can from the village farms on trips to see the bright city lights. Kachindamoto is now asking parliament to increase the minimum age of marriage...more
Dec. 14, 2018, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1, MABFC-DATA-1

"Malawi has one of the highest incidents of child marriage in the world with 1 in 2 girls getting married before the age of 18. The practice is closely linked to poverty where, in the rural areas, girls are married off to improve their families’ financial situations" (para 4).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, at the lack of information on the overall situation of rural women and their participation in the development of policies and strategies in all matters having an impact on their life, in particular with regard to disaster risk reduction and climate change considering that the State party lies in the hurricane belt" (page 12).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"While all women in Burma face the same struggle to enjoy their rights under CEDAW, rural and ethnic women face additional hurdles and specific harms such as trafficking, unequal access to education and healthcare, land insecurity and the devastating impact of drug production and trade. Moreover, rural and ethnic women are directly implicated by armed conflict and the quest for peace. This gap between the experiences of women in cities and urban settings versus those of ethic women in rural areas must be understood and taken account when analyzing the status of women’s rights in Burma" (page 1). "Outside of the formal legal system, the application of customary laws which...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It is also concerned about the disparities in illiteracy rates between women living in urban areas (5.3%) and women living in rural areas (18.2%)" (8). "However, it remains concerned at the high levels of poverty, illiteracy and multiple forms of discrimination against indigenous rural women, in particular in Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca" (10).
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the measures taken by the State party to encourage the education of women in rural areas, which is reflected in the increase in the number of those women in local government positions and agricultural-related institutions and enterprises. The Committee is concerned, however, about the persistently low number of women from rural communities attending university and their limited professional options, limited access to health services and safe drinking water and sanitation, limited knowledge and awareness about their rights and exposure to discriminatory traditional culture and norms" (12).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"According to observers, women in rural areas faced greater discrimination than women in urban areas and suffered from a greater incidence of domestic violence, only limited education and employment opportunities, limited access to information, and discrimination in their land and other property rights" (page 29).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In rural areas and in some urban areas, . . . lack of funds led to closing of maternity wards and operating rooms" (page 15-16). "The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. Nevertheless, women faced pervasive discrimination, especially in rural areas where traditional customs, including polygyny and discriminatory rules of inheritance, were strongest" (page 16). "Traditional practices also made it difficult for women to purchase property in rural areas" (page 16). "According to officials from the Ministry of Women, Family, and Childhood and women’s rights groups, child marriage was a significant problem, particularly...more
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya minority in Rakhine State occurred during the year" (1). "One report indicated that all male Rohingya villagers who had not fled ahead of the military’s arrival, as well as some women and children, were unlawfully executed" (3). "There were widespread reports of torture of Rohingya villagers, including children, in northern Rakhine State, including beatings, rape, and killings in front of family members" (4). "The UN special representative on sexual violence assessed sexual violence was used as a calculated tool of terror aimed at the extermination and removal of the Rohingya as a group. One woman from Chut Pyin Village (also known as Shoppara) reported five...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Outside of the formal legal system, the application of customary laws which are prevalent in rural and ethnic areas can also impede women’s access to justice" (page 2). Table 2.9.1 (Level of education of household members: women) indicates that the proportion of women who have never attended school is much higher in rural areas versus urban areas (40.4% vs. 25.9%). The percentage of women who finished primary school only is 5.8% in rural areas versus 5.1% in urban areas. The percentage of women who finished through secondary school is 2.8% in rural areas versus 5.1% in urban areas. The percentage of women who achieved higher education is 3.2% in rural...more
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women themselves, especially those in rural areas and those belonging to disadvantaged groups, in particular Roma women, are unaware of their rights under the Convention and thus lack the information necessary to claim them" (Pg 8). "While recognizing the adoption of the new decentralization strategies in rural areas, the Committee expresses concern at the disadvantaged status of women in rural areas and regrets the limited data on their situation and the insufficient measures taken by the State party to address poverty among rural women and to fully ensure their access to justice, education, health-care services, housing, formal employment, skills development and training opportunities, income-generating opportunities and microcredit. The Committee is...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination expressed concern about persistent societal prejudices. It noted that particularly women of Afro-Honduran and indigenous communities faced multiple forms of discrimination in all aspects of social, political, and economic life" (para 130). "Forced labor occurred in agriculture, street vending, domestic service, the transit of drugs and other illicit items, and other criminal activity. Victims were primarily impoverished men, women, and children in both rural and urban areas (also see section 7.c.)" (para 154)