The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"On the human development index, Malawi is considered as one of the world's poorest places, ranking 160th out of 182 nations. Early marriage is more common in rural areas, where parents are eager to get girls out of the house to ease their financial burden" (para 11). "Last year, this included sending Malawi's female MPs to rural schools. The girls in the community suddenly became eager to learn English - the language spoken in parliament. She has also been taking as many girls as she can from the village farms on trips to see the bright city lights. Kachindamoto is now asking parliament to increase the minimum age of marriage...more
Dec. 14, 2018, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1, MABFC-DATA-1

"Malawi has one of the highest incidents of child marriage in the world with 1 in 2 girls getting married before the age of 18. The practice is closely linked to poverty where, in the rural areas, girls are married off to improve their families’ financial situations" (para 4).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, at the lack of information on the overall situation of rural women and their participation in the development of policies and strategies in all matters having an impact on their life, in particular with regard to disaster risk reduction and climate change considering that the State party lies in the hurricane belt" (page 12).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"While all women in Burma face the same struggle to enjoy their rights under CEDAW, rural and ethnic women face additional hurdles and specific harms such as trafficking, unequal access to education and healthcare, land insecurity and the devastating impact of drug production and trade. Moreover, rural and ethnic women are directly implicated by armed conflict and the quest for peace. This gap between the experiences of women in cities and urban settings versus those of ethic women in rural areas must be understood and taken account when analyzing the status of women’s rights in Burma" (page 1). "Outside of the formal legal system, the application of customary laws which...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It is also concerned about the disparities in illiteracy rates between women living in urban areas (5.3%) and women living in rural areas (18.2%)" (8). "However, it remains concerned at the high levels of poverty, illiteracy and multiple forms of discrimination against indigenous rural women, in particular in Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca" (10).
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the measures taken by the State party to encourage the education of women in rural areas, which is reflected in the increase in the number of those women in local government positions and agricultural-related institutions and enterprises. The Committee is concerned, however, about the persistently low number of women from rural communities attending university and their limited professional options, limited access to health services and safe drinking water and sanitation, limited knowledge and awareness about their rights and exposure to discriminatory traditional culture and norms" (12).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"According to observers, women in rural areas faced greater discrimination than women in urban areas and suffered from a greater incidence of domestic violence, only limited education and employment opportunities, limited access to information, and discrimination in their land and other property rights" (page 29).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In rural areas and in some urban areas, . . . lack of funds led to closing of maternity wards and operating rooms" (page 15-16). "The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. Nevertheless, women faced pervasive discrimination, especially in rural areas where traditional customs, including polygyny and discriminatory rules of inheritance, were strongest" (page 16). "Traditional practices also made it difficult for women to purchase property in rural areas" (page 16). "According to officials from the Ministry of Women, Family, and Childhood and women’s rights groups, child marriage was a significant problem, particularly...more
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya minority in Rakhine State occurred during the year" (1). "One report indicated that all male Rohingya villagers who had not fled ahead of the military’s arrival, as well as some women and children, were unlawfully executed" (3). "There were widespread reports of torture of Rohingya villagers, including children, in northern Rakhine State, including beatings, rape, and killings in front of family members" (4). "The UN special representative on sexual violence assessed sexual violence was used as a calculated tool of terror aimed at the extermination and removal of the Rohingya as a group. One woman from Chut Pyin Village (also known as Shoppara) reported five...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Outside of the formal legal system, the application of customary laws which are prevalent in rural and ethnic areas can also impede women’s access to justice" (page 2). Table 2.9.1 (Level of education of household members: women) indicates that the proportion of women who have never attended school is much higher in rural areas versus urban areas (40.4% vs. 25.9%). The percentage of women who finished primary school only is 5.8% in rural areas versus 5.1% in urban areas. The percentage of women who finished through secondary school is 2.8% in rural areas versus 5.1% in urban areas. The percentage of women who achieved higher education is 3.2% in rural...more
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women themselves, especially those in rural areas and those belonging to disadvantaged groups, in particular Roma women, are unaware of their rights under the Convention and thus lack the information necessary to claim them" (Pg 8). "While recognizing the adoption of the new decentralization strategies in rural areas, the Committee expresses concern at the disadvantaged status of women in rural areas and regrets the limited data on their situation and the insufficient measures taken by the State party to address poverty among rural women and to fully ensure their access to justice, education, health-care services, housing, formal employment, skills development and training opportunities, income-generating opportunities and microcredit. The Committee is...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination expressed concern about persistent societal prejudices. It noted that particularly women of Afro-Honduran and indigenous communities faced multiple forms of discrimination in all aspects of social, political, and economic life" (para 130). "Forced labor occurred in agriculture, street vending, domestic service, the transit of drugs and other illicit items, and other criminal activity. Victims were primarily impoverished men, women, and children in both rural and urban areas (also see section 7.c.)" (para 154)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Rural women benefit from social security programmes on a par with men and women in urban areas. Every male or female citizens residing in a city or rural area is entitled to benefit from all services provided by the Ministry of Social Development, Government agencies or the private sector without discrimination due to sex or place of residence if the citizen meets the conditions for assistance pursuant to the law. The Sultanate has been keenly concerned with the conditions of rural women. It has supported various roles of rural women, including their work in the non-monetized sectors of the economy. The work of rural women is factored into the gross...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"NGO observers noted that Romani women faced both gender and ethnic discrimination and often lacked the training, marketable skills, or work experience needed to participate in the formal economy" (32).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Indigenous women faced multiple levels of discrimination based on their ethnicity, gender, and lower economic status" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Indigenous persons in isolated communities had more difficulty accessing such services than the population in general. Cultural factors and language barriers also inhibited use of sexual health and family planning services by indigenous persons, and rates of sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancy among the indigenous population were higher than among the general population" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Although not subjected to governmental discrimination, Buraku (the descendants of feudal-era outcasts) were frequently victims of entrenched societal discrimination. Buraku advocacy groups continued to report that despite socioeconomic improvements achieved by many Buraku, widespread discrimination persisted in employment, marriage, housing, and property assessment. While the Buraku label was no longer officially used to identify individuals, the family registry system could be used to identify them and facilitate discriminatory practices" (19). The Buraku are associated with lower socio-economic status and while this statement does not indicate they are concentrated in rural areas, that is the natural assumption. More research should be done particularly into the status of Buraku women (AA-CODER COMMENT).more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Although not subjected to governmental discrimination, Buraku (the descendants of feudal-era outcasts) were frequently victims of entrenched societal discrimination. Buraku advocacy groups continued to report that despite socioeconomic improvements achieved by many Buraku, widespread discrimination persisted in employment, marriage, housing, and property assessment. While the Buraku label was no longer officially used to identify individuals, the family registry system could be used to identify them and facilitate discriminatory practices" (19). The Buraku are associated with lower socio-economic status and while this statement does not indicate they are concentrated in rural areas, that is the natural assumption. More research should be done particularly into the status of Buraku women (AA-CODER COMMENT).more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2

"Unscrupulous employers subjected women from rural communities and impoverished urban centers to domestic servitude, forced begging, and forced labor in small factories" (37-38).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Two groups--former Chinese civil war belligerents and their descendants living in the country since the end of the civil war and children of Vietnamese immigrants residing in 13 northeastern provinces--lived under laws and regulations restrictive of their movement, residence, education, and access to employment...Noncitizen members of hill tribes faced restrictions on their movement, could not own land, had difficulty accessing bank credit, and faced discrimination in employment" (43). These minority groups include women, who most likely are facing additional discrimination due to their gender and ethnicity (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee remains concerned that rural women, including indigenous women and women from ethnic and religious minority groups, continue to be disproportionately affected by poverty and limited economic opportunities, which increase their vulnerability to trafficking and exploitation. It also expresses concern that rural women: (a) Continue to lack access to basic social services, such as education and health care, including sexual and reproductive health care, as well as access to justice; (b) Are not represented in decision-making bodies and structures at the national and local levels and are excluded from policymaking processes on issues that affect them; (c) Face restrictions to their right to land and natural resources, owing to...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Roma continued to face governmental and societal discrimination, although authorities had become more responsive to Romani community concerns...Roma experienced significant barriers accessing education, health care, social services, and employment due in part to discriminatory attitudes against them" (47). Roma women may be subject to additional discrimination by virture of their ethnicity and gender (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is also concerned at the recent increase in expropriation and relocation programmes in the context of development projects, disaster risk reduction and responses to climate change, which have negatively affected the livelihood of rural women" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Indigenous communities continued to be politically, economically, and socially marginalized...Indigenous women, especially from poor and rural areas, were particularly marginalized" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Women and girls from rural areas, as well as migrant workers from bordering countries, were lured to cities with promises of employment or education and continued to be exploited in domestic servitude and sex trafficking" (23). "NGOs reported some girls from rural areas migrated to urban centers to work as domestic help for extended family or acquaintances to settle debts where they were vulnerable to commercial sexual exploitation" (24).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"A prominent disability advocacy group noted that unlawful discrimination against women and children with disabilities was more prevalent in rural areas and that it received several reports of children with disabilities dropping out of school because of inadequate accommodations" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There was little societal discrimination against women in urban areas, where many women owned or managed businesses and held management positions in private businesses or state-owned companies. In rural areas, however, where most of the population engaged in subsistence farming, traditional social structures tended to favor entrenched gender roles" (28).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The small Romani community (approximately 3,000 persons) continued to experience discrimination in access to education, housing, health care, employment, and relations with police, although there were no official charges of police abuse. Extreme poverty, illiteracy, and perceived high criminality helped form the negative attitudes of mainstream society that resulted in the social exclusion of Roma. In addition, 40 percent of Roma did not know the Lithuanian language. Most adult Roma have obtained identification papers, but a few, although born in the country, were effectively stateless" (18). Romani women are especially vulnerable under these circumstances (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Poverty continued to affect women disproportionately, especially in rural and ethnic minority communities. While rural women were responsible for more than half of total agricultural production, the additional burdens of housework and child rearing also fell primarily on women" (20-21). "Of the 49 official ethnic groups in the country, the Hmong are one of the largest and most prominent...Some Hmong believed their ethnic group could not coexist with ethnic Lao, a belief that fanned their separatist or irredentist political beliefs. Moreover, government leadership remained suspicious of the political objectives of some Hmong. The government continued to focus limited assistance projects in Hmong areas to address regional and ethnic disparities in...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1

“the Committee is concerned at the lack of information on specific measures being taken to address the barriers that rural women face in agriculture and land ownership” (14)