The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

Jan. 12, 2018, 10:31 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Yet many conservative, rural communities have resisted publicly discussing topics that would improve the health and rights of young people – including adolescent pregnancy, gender-based violence and sexually transmitted infections like HIV" (para 2).
Dec. 28, 2017, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"An increasing number of underage girls in India's towns and cities are being married off, a study has revealed, challenging long-held assumptions that child marriage in the country is largely a rural phenomenon" (para 1). "Yet while the number of underage brides has declined by 0.3 percent in rural areas since 2001, they have increased by 0.7 percent in urban parts, said a report by the National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights and the charity Young Lives. Experts said these percentage figures appear insignificant, but considering India has a population of 1.3 billion, this means tens of thousands more underage girls were married in towns and cities in ...more
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Couples and individuals generally have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; manage their reproductive health; and have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. Access to information on contraception and skilled attendance at delivery and in postpartum care were widely available except in provincial-level indigenous regions, where it was limited, according to the American Red Cross and the Ombudsman’s Office"(17)."Sexual abuse of children was reported in urban and rural areas, as well as within indigenous communities"(18)
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The villages along the Vietnamese-Chinese border are a hunting ground for human traffickers" (para 6). "Villages around the border are hunting grounds for human traffickers looking for young Vietnamese women, who are approached online or in public spaces like the local markets" (para 9). "Ha from the U.N. agrees that the top priority is to spread awareness, especially in the poor, rural regions along the border" (para 25).
Dec. 20, 2017, 8:15 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Mongolia was struck by harsh conditions this winter, raising risks for pastoral and nomadic communities. An estimated 165,000 people were affected, according to the UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Mongolia. The situation has caused particular concern for women and girls, who are experiencing limited access to sexual and reproductive health supplies and care and increased vulnerability to gender-based violence" (para 1). "With roads blocked by snow, women in remote areas have limited access to sexual and reproductive health care, including family planning supplies. Contraceptive stocks were depleted at all levels" (para 13). "Herder women are additionally vulnerable when they leave their homes – even in extreme temperatures – to use the ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"As women in afghanistan, particularly in urban centers, have increasingly asserted their rights over the past 15 years, many husbands have not caught up or ever got on board with the changes. The slow pace of shedding entrenched misogyny has led to a clash of values at home. And women often realize there is no option but to part ways" (para 7).
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

At 0:53 of the video Brishti who is 14, says that her father got her married in a hurry and didn't ask a lot of questions (ENB-Coder Comment). At 5:25 of the video Razia, age 14 said "One day a girl has to get married, sooner or later. One day all the girls have to go to another house. In the village sometimes they marry a little later but here in Dhaka they always talk about early marriage"(ENB-Coder Comment).At 16:29 of the video a woman interviewed says "Boys in Dhaka, they harass girls more, if they see a nice girl, they whistle or make signs. They are worse. But after ...more
Dec. 14, 2017, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Driving deep into Taliban country, where traditions such as baad are more prevalent" (para 14). The "taliban country" is in a very rural part of Afghanistan, therefore making baad practice more prevalent in rural areas (MB-Coder Comment). "Afghan and international human rights groups alike say the justice system needs to become more accessible to women, and that it must extend its reach to rural areas" (para 14).
Dec. 14, 2017, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"One of the guidelines from the Standards and Quality Assurance in Sterilisation Services of 2014 is that the camp timing should be between 9 am to 5 pm. This is particularly important in areas such as this where lack of public transport, early sunsets in winter, and remote locations of the villages around forests make it particularly hard for women and their families to reach home in the evening" (para 8). "The state’s claims of a target-free approach to family planning rings hollow when one speaks to ASHAs, who are often called the backbone of government’s rural health schemes. The ASHAs confirmed that they were expected to get at least ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:35 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LR-DATA-1

"While literacy remains an insurmountable challenge, with few improvements recorded since devolution to the provinces, female illiteracy in rural areas has a further impact on the low status of women — making them even more vulnerable to exploitation and violence" (para 6).
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

" Many of the victims are factory workers and fit a particular profile: young (usually between 12 and 30 years old), from poor families or neighborhoods and abducted en route to and from public transportation buses known as la ruta. These systemic murders have been termed femicides, or a mass killing of women" (para 2). "Because of this displacement, hundreds of maquila workers are positioned in a place of increased vulnerability as many are forced to commute to and from work at some of the darkest hours of the day and night" (para 3).
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Pakistani courts have declared jirga system as illegal and their decisions as non-binding but such jirgas are held in remote areas" (para 9).
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Female farmers, fishers and herbalists of riverine villages relied on fresh water not only for their businesses and livelihoods, but also to perform daily tasks. Take something as simple as doing laundry. Women who previously [before the militant groups caused an oil spil] washed clothes by the river now have to collect rainwater in buckets to do their washing, stretching this task several hours. In other words, instead of spending time doing work that could earn them money or going to school, or participating in a job training program, women now spend the greater part of their day sourcing food, water and tending to sick children and relatives. Water contamination ...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Some evidence suggests that unless greater attention is paid to gender relationships in the allocation and reimbursement of loans, even microcredit schemes targeting women may end up favoring men. In Bangladesh in the 1980s, after access to microfinance was increased to benefit rural women, it appeared that in many cases the loans were in fact used by male relatives, even while the female borrowers were liable for repayment. In the early 1990s, 10 years after existing microfinance programs had shifted their focus to benefit women, a qualitative study was conducted of 275 loans across four organizations: BRAC’s rural development program (106 loans to women; 22 to men), Grameen Bank (53 ...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"More recently, 16 researchers from the World Bank and IFPRI identified large gender inequalities in access to extension services in surveys made in Ghana, Ethiopia, and the Indian state of Karnataka (World Bank and IFPRI 2010)"(29)."In Karnataka, 27% of male-headed rural households reported having received visits of an agricultural advisor during the previous year. Only 20% of female-headed households reported such visits. The gap was smaller, however, for livestock-related extension services (advice to 78% of male-headed households versus 71% to female-headed households). Researchers attributed the difference to the importance of dairy cooperatives in the Indian context, as cooperatives tend to be more gender-neutral"(29)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia, Ghana
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"More recently, 16 researchers from the World Bank and IFPRI identified large gender inequalities in access to extension services in surveys made in Ghana, Ethiopia, and the Indian state of Karnataka (World Bank and IFPRI 2010)"(29)
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Food Security and Sustainable Livelihood Programme for the Pacific (FSSLP), the successor to the Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) Regional Programme for Food Security in the Pacific, was launched in 2010 for the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. It is supported by technical cooperation from FAO and is conducted in cooperation with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and relevant members of the Council of Regional Organizations in the Pacific (CROP). The FSSLP aims to:...strengthen the links of remote vulnerable households and women to sustainable agricultural inputs, services, and ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:22 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, SEGI-PRACTICE-1, LR-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-DATA-1

"Where discriminatory social norms exist, they can be displaced only by the requirements of equal treatment imposed under legislation providing women be fully informed about their rights and of the advantages of asserting them. Yet, the illiteracy of many poor rural women, their almost complete lack of legal literacy, and language barriers make achievement of these goals difficult"(25-26)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Thus, public works programs are an opportunity to teach women new skills, allowing them in time to graduate out of the program and enter other income-raising activities outside the home. This is one of the interesting features of another ADB [Asian Development Bank]-funded rural road maintenance project, part of the Yunnan Integrated Road Network Development Project (YIRNDP) in Yunnan Province in the southwest of the PRC (Box 8)"(58)."The southwestern province of Yunnan in the People’s Republic of China is poor relative to the national average. Poor women members of ethnic minorities suffer most, with almost no income opportunities outside of agriculture"(58)."In 2009, a pilot project for community-based rural road maintenance ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In Cambodia, since October 2008, ADB [Asian Development Bank] has supported the Emergency Food Assistance Program. It relies principally on cash-for-work and food-for-work components to improve incomes and support access to food for women from poor rural households, and to construct infrastructure that can benefit them (Box 7)"(56). "The food-for-work and cash-for-work programs, for example, were designed to benefit women and to support the creation of infrastructure that would allow small-scale farmers— among which are many women—to increase their productivity and incomes. Infrastructure includes small irrigation canals, covering over 7,750 hectares, and over 540 kilometers of village roads"(56)
Nov. 29, 2017, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, NGOFW-DATA-2, NGOFW-DATA-3

"In the Rural Works component of the Sri Lanka Poverty Alleviation Programme financed in 1991–1998 by the World Bank, it appeared that twice as many women as men participated in unpaid labor (World Bank 1998, p. 89)"(57)
Nov. 29, 2017, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Some evidence suggests that unless greater attention is paid to gender relationships in the allocation and reimbursement of loans, even microcredit schemes targeting women may end up favoring men. In Bangladesh in the 1980s, after access to microfinance was increased to benefit rural women, it appeared that in many cases the loans were in fact used by male relatives, even while the female borrowers were liable for repayment. In the early 1990s, 10 years after existing microfinance programs had shifted their focus to benefit women, a qualitative study was conducted of 275 loans across four organizations: BRAC’s rural development program (106 loans to women; 22 to men), Grameen Bank (53 ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"More recently, 16 researchers from the World Bank and IFPRI identified large gender inequalities in access to extension services in surveys made in Ghana, Ethiopia, and the Indian state of Karnataka (World Bank and IFPRI 2010)"(29)."In Karnataka, 27% of male-headed rural households reported having received visits of an agricultural advisor during the previous year. Only 20% of female-headed households reported such visits. The gap was smaller, however, for livestock-related extension services (advice to 78% of male-headed households versus 71% to female-headed households). Researchers attributed the difference to the importance of dairy cooperatives in the Indian context, as cooperatives tend to be more gender-neutral"(29)
Nov. 29, 2017, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia, Ghana
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"More recently, 16 researchers from the World Bank and IFPRI identified large gender inequalities in access to extension services in surveys made in Ghana, Ethiopia, and the Indian state of Karnataka (World Bank and IFPRI 2010)"(29)
Nov. 29, 2017, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Food Security and Sustainable Livelihood Programme for the Pacific (FSSLP), the successor to the Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) Regional Programme for Food Security in the Pacific, was launched in 2010 for the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. It is supported by technical cooperation from FAO and is conducted in cooperation with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and relevant members of the Council of Regional Organizations in the Pacific (CROP). The FSSLP aims to:...strengthen the links of remote vulnerable households and women to sustainable agricultural inputs, services, and ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:44 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CIWM-PRACTICE-1, CIWM-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-DATA-1

"In the Lao People’s Democratic Republic—where girls’ enrollment can be very low, particularly in rural areas and within some ethnic groups—pupils receive a take-home family ration of canned fish, rice, and iodized salt as an incentive for parents to send them to school. Though both girls and boys benefit, the effect on girls’ attendance has been most significant because of girls’ lower enrollment rate. From 2002 to 2008, enrollment rates in primary schools benefiting from the program increased from 60% to 88% for boys and from 53% to 84% for girls (WFP 2012, p. 49)"(62)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In the Indian southern state of Karnataka, a survey collected asset ownership information for all physical and financial assets at the individual level. It found that only 9% of women in rural areas own any land, as compared to 39% of men (Swaminathan, Suchitra, and Lahoti 2011, p. 21)"(25)."As in other similar public works schemes, a quota has been set aside for women because rural unemployment is higher for women than for men (on average, 141 days per year for women versus 76 days for men). The act [India's National Rural Employment Guarantee Act] thus provides that one-third of the employment must be allocated to women. The participation rate of ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Crop Diversification project achieved the following results: 150,000 women farmers were provided extension services, new technologies, skills training, and microcredit; 40% of demonstration plots were allocated to women; 25,000 women farmers were trained on value addition options, market opportunities, and pricing; 6,300 women Small Farmer Groups were formed; 10,000 women were trained in post-harvest techniques, marketing, and bargaining and negotiation skills; women farmers were supported for supply contracts with large farmers, traders, seed merchants, and processors; roads were built to improve the connectivity of rural areas, and new markets were constructed with facilities and selling spaces for women vendors; and 167,811 women received loans"(39)." In Bangladesh, the Female Secondary ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Most rural households and communities in the region manage their agricultural production systems based on social norms and practices that determine the gender division of labor. These vary from the notably constrained roles and opportunities of women in South Asia (with the exception of Sri Lanka) to the more complementary gender roles found in parts of Southeast Asia and some of the Pacific island nations"(8)
Nov. 10, 2017, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia, Guatemala, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"This is one reason why enhancing leadership and participation of women in rural institutions is one of the four pillars of the initiative launched in September 2012 jointly by the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), FAO, IFAD, and WFP. The program, Accelerating Progress toward the Economic Empowerment of Rural Women, will be implemented during its initial 5-year phase in Ethiopia, Guatemala, Kyrgyz Republic, Liberia, Nepal, Niger, and Rwanda. It is premised on the idea that economic and political empowerment are mutually supportive and should go hand in hand"(5)