The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-3

Jan. 18, 2021, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Their accounts tell of girls and young women separated from their families, divvied up or traded among the Islamic State’s men, ordered to convert to Islam, subjected to forced marriages and repeatedly raped… Five girls and women who recently escaped agreed to be interviewed at the end of October. Four of them were in Khanke, a predominantly Yazidi town in the far north of Iraq, and a fifth in the nearby city of Dohuk. Tens of thousands of Yazidi refugees have sought refuge in this region, in vast tent camps and in relatives’ homes, after fleeing their villages around the Sinjar mountains" (para 5, 7).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Myanmar's president has signed off on a law requiring some mothers to space their children three years apart despite objections by a visiting senior U.S. diplomat and rights activists, who worry it could be used not only to repress women, but also religious and ethnic minorities...As predominantly Buddhist Myanmar started moving from dictatorship to democracy four years ago, newfound freedoms of expression lifted the lid on deep-seeded hatred for minority Muslims — including Rohingya Muslims now arriving on Southeast Asian shores in crowded, rickety boats. Many are fleeing persecution and violence that has left up to 280 people dead and forced another 140,000 from their homes in western Rakhine state....more
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Khaleghzadeh has a 25-year-old undocumented pregnant daughter, also married to an undocumented Afghan refugee, who does not have a work permit in Iran. "If she can get my Iranian nationality, then she can pass it to her baby, too," she said. "At least they can get the cash subsidies from the government for the times her husband does not work," she added" (para 16). "Over a million Afghan refugees are officially registered in Iran. The number of undocumented Afghans is about 2.5 million, the government spokesperson said. Many of such marriages are a result of the poverty of families of these women in border provinces. Around 80% of women married...more
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"About 1,100 Muslim refugees and asylum seekers, includingmembers of the persecuted Ahmadiyya religious community from Pakistan, were subjected to harassment and threats, forcing them to take shelter in crowded and unsanitary temporary refuges" (para 13).
Aug. 13, 2020, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique

"In March, tropical cyclone Idai hit near the coastal city of Beira, bringing heavy rains that left entire villages in Manica, Sofala, and Zambezia provinces submerged as floodwaters rose. Tens of thousands of people were displaced and, according to the United Nations, over 1.85 million people, most of them women and children, needed urgent assistance. Victims, residents, and aid workers told Human Rights Watch that local community leaders coerced women into engaging in sex in exchange for aid" (para. 10).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Among the millions of Venezuelans who have chosen to flee are thousands of pregnant women. In Colombia, over 26,000 Venezuelan women have given birth since August 2015. That surge is straining Colombia's already fragile health care system and testing the nation's mostly welcoming approach toward Venezuelan migrants" (para 25).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"It's an ordeal with increasingly international ramifications, as a growing number of pregnant women flee to countries like Colombia seeking care they cannot get in Venezuela" (para 6). "Among the millions of Venezuelans who have chosen to flee are thousands of pregnant women. In Colombia, over 26,000 Venezuelan women have given birth since August 2015. That surge is straining Colombia's already fragile health care system and testing the nation's mostly welcoming approach toward Venezuelan migrants" (para 25).
Aug. 8, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Massive Venezuelan immigration is posing urgent challenges" (para 4). "Ecuador has been receiving a huge influx of Venezuelan exiles, many passing through to other countries. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees reported that, as of November, 385,042 Venezuelan migrants and refugees were living in Ecuador" (para 27).
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Jordan hosted over 657,000 Syrian refugees and over 90,000 refugees of other nationalities in 2019, but authorities have not allowed Syrians to enter Jordan to seek asylum since mid-2016 and took steps to prevent others from seeking asylum in 2019. In 2019, Jordanian authorities did not allow aid deliveries from Jordan to tens of thousands of Syrians at a remote camp along the border" (para 3). "By late 2018, over 657,000 people from Syria had sought refuge in Jordan, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Over 85 percent of Syrians lived outside refugee camps" (para 11). "According to UNHCR, Jordan also hosted asylum seekers and refugees from...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government has yet to approve a draft of Morocco's first law on the right to asylum. As of June 2019, the ministry of foreign affairs had granted, or started the administrative process for granting refugee cards, along with special residency permits and work authorizations to 803 persons, most of them sub-Saharan Africans, whom the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) had recognized. All of the 6,244 refugees recognized by the UNHCR since 2007 have access to public education and health services and most of them have regular residency permits and work authorizations, according to the UNHCR representation in Morocco" (para 19).
July 28, 2020, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Despite gaps in research about the prevalence of family violence for women from migrant and refugee backgrounds, it is well established that CALD women are less likely to seek assistance in situations of family violence due to compounding barriers such as isolation of living in a new country, community pressures and expectations, higher levels of financial dependence on perpetrators or community, lack of knowledge of rights and available services; and fear of deportation and removal of children or perpetrator. Women on temporary visas including those seeking asylum are ineligible for many government services, leaving many victims/survivors financially dependent on a perpetrator (partner or other family member), and less able to...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"In August 2014, amendments and additions were made to the Refugees Act. Work is underway on a draft of a new provision on the Commission, as well as regulations on the procedure for review and award of refugee status, which enshrine the basic standards of protection for refugees and also take into account the experience of other countries. With direct assistance and involvement of the UNHCR Office in Tajikistan, a unified framework for the registration of refugees and asylum-seekers has been established which has significantly simplified the work of staff involved with issues of asylum-seekers and refugees. To date, the number of refugees and asylum-seekers is 2,266 persons, of whom...more
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The growing number of single female asylum seekers at heightened risk of sexual and gender-based violence" (12).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to the Law on Refugees, the Law on Migration Management and the Law on Asylum, the Commissariat for Refugees and Migration (CRRS) keeps databases on refugees and internally displaced persons and records of asylum seekers/migrants staying in permanent and temporary asylum reception centres. All databases are updated on a daily basis. Records available to CRRS contain personal data (name, surname, gender, date of birth) and the socioeconomic status of persons (except for asylum seekers/migrants). The socioeconomic status includes the economic status, the employment status, income, the health status etc. Women belonging to vulnerable categories can be specifically identified on the basis of data on the employment status, the source...more
May 30, 2020, 12:20 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"An untold number of civilians cross the frontline every month to get money and supplies from the west. They can't afford to stay there and rent apartments, especially with no means of employment, so they return east with whatever they can carry. Vasilivna lives in the small village of Nikolaevka, seven kilometers from the bridge. When fighting intensified in February, she slept on the floor in the corridor, hoping the extra walls would provide greater protection if a shell hit. Once a month, she makes her way like hundreds of others across the bridge to the town of Stanytsia Luhanska to pick up her mother's medication for high blood pressure...more
May 19, 2020, 12:18 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Prema Bai, 58, bends her head and pushes hard her wheelchair on the village road. In the early afternoon, the village of Mamna appears almost deserted although it is home to 742 families and is located in Uttar Pradesh – India’s largest and most populated state. Thanks to a severe drought, every man and woman under 50 has fled Mamna in recent weeks, leaving behind the elderly and women with very young children. 'They thought we were like cattle, a burden in this hard time because we only eat but yield no returns,' says Bai whose two sons and their wives also migrated to Agra — a city 255 km...more
May 15, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee is, however, concerned that the State party may have difficulty dealing with an influx of refugees and providing them with decent housing, as demonstrated by the precarious sanitary and housing conditions, lack of guaranteed access to food, clean water, sanitation, medical care, psychological support and legal counselling, and high levels of exposure to violence and exploitation, especially for women and girls, in Calais" (3).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee commends the State party on its acceptance of a high number of refugees. It is nevertheless concerned about: (a) The high incidence of gender-based violence against women and girls, including sexual violence such as rape and so-called “survival sex”, in and around refugee camps, which is furthermore a significant cause of the relatively high rate of teenage pregnancy; (b) The low rate of reporting of gender-based violence, including sexual violence, by refugee women and girls, inter alia for fear of reprisals; (c) The high risk of trafficking for refugee women and girls; (d) The inadequate security situation for women and girls in refugee camps; (e) Limited access to...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Many refugees worked as day laborers or in informal markets, and local employers often exploited refugees in the informal labor market with low or unpaid wages. Women and children were particularly vulnerable, accepting underpaid and undesirable work" (31).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon

"Refugee birth registrations require families to register birth certificates with Lebanese ministries, which remained inaccessible because the ministries require proof of legal residence and legal marriage" (11). "The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights for citizens but placed extensive limitations on the rights of Palestinian refugees and Syrian, Iraqi, and other refugee populations" (17). "As of June 30, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) registered more than one million Syrian refugees, 18,708 Iraqis, more than 2,200 Sudanese refugees, and refugees of other nationalities in the country. The UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA)...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Congo has also passed (i) Decree No. 2014-473 ratifying the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa; and (ii) the Act authorizing the ratification of an agreement between the Government of the Republic of the Congo and the Government of the French Republic on the concerted management of migration flows and co-development" (15-16). "There is a national legislative framework that improves the efficiency and accuracy of the process of determining refugee status (Act of 6 October 2014 authorizing the ratification of the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa) (...) The Congo has a policy...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The turmoil has forced millions to flee the region and seek refuge in the United States, where they confront a system strained by record demand and a bitter fight over whether to accept them" (para 15). "And Central America, the region where most of those seeking asylum in the United States are fleeing, is at the heart of the crisis" (para 17). "'Despite the risk associated with migration, it is still lower than the risk of being killed at home,' said Angela Me, the chief of research and trend analysis at the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime" (para 20).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to government statistics, the country approved 206 asylum claims by Ukrainians in the first 10 months of the year... On April 6, border guard officers used force and pepper spray against three Chechen men at a guarded detention center in Biala Podlaska. They reportedly took this action after the men physically assaulted border guard officers in an effort to stop them from deporting a Chechen woman and two children" (14).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Media, NGOs, and UNHCR staff reported multiple cases of attacks against refugees, particularly women and children. According to UNHCR, refugees sometimes reported harassment, sexual harassment, and discrimination. Refugee women and girls, particularly sub- Saharan Africans, faced the greatest risk of societal, sexual, and gender-based violence." (32).
Oct. 15, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Syria

"Syrians that remain in the country and those living as refugees in neighboring countries are extremely vulnerable to traffickers. Syrian children are reportedly vulnerable to forced early marriages—which can lead to commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor—and children displaced within the country continue to be subjected to forced labor, particularly by organized begging rings" (451).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Most IDPs were women and children. In Mindanao, UNHCR reported that as of May, approximately 110,000 persons displaced since 2012 remained in need of durable solutions. Of those individuals, an estimated 100,200 were displaced by armed conflict (including violence between local communities) and 8,700 by natural disasters. The crisis in Marawi displaced hundreds of thousands of additional persons. In early August, UNHCR reported that the government estimated more than 78,000 families (approximately 360,000 persons) were displaced as a result of the crisis" (19). "The most recent UNICEF data, from 2012, estimated there were approximately 250,000 street children" (28).
Sept. 20, 2019, 7:38 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"As in past years, reports continue to indicate government officials and security forces commit widespread sexual exploitation—including sex trafficking—and such exploitation is a major concern across the Northeast, including in informal IDP camps and all of the 13 formal, state-run IDP camps in and around Maiduguri, the Borno State capital, which hosts IDPs affected by the ongoing conflict with Boko Haram and ISISWA. 'Gatekeepers' in control of some IDP camps, at times in collusion with Nigerian policemen and soldiers, reportedly force women and girls to provide sex acts in exchange for food and services in the camps. In July 2016, a Nigerian research organization surveyed 400 IDPs in Adamawa, Borno,...more
Sept. 19, 2019, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Yoon Hee-soon, the author of the paper, wrote: 'Pushed from their homeland by a patriarchal regime that survives through the imposition of tyranny, poverty, and oppression, North Korean women and girls are passed through the hands of traffickers, brokers, and criminal organisations before being pulled into China’s sex trade, where they are exploited and used by men until their bodies are depleted." (para 7).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"UNHCR reported 20 cases of rape from January through October at a refugee camp in Betou, 16 of which involved rape of a minor. Rape and sexual abuse commonly occurred during the initial flight; many women and girls engaged in survival sex in exchange for protection, material goods, or money. Women often remained with abusive partners who offered protection during the flight and subsequently reported domestic abuse and marital rape. The vast majority of gender-based violence incidents went unreported because complaints could take three or more years before courts examined them" (16). "UNHCR’s protection officers and medical partners provided medical, psychosocial, and legal assistance to victims of gender-based violence, including...more
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government allowed roughly 37,500 people of diverse nationalities to enter freely and take refuge since the start of the Yemeni war in 2015; some of them had endured various types of exploitation, possibly including trafficking, before their arrival in Djibouti. Given the protracted political instability in Ethiopia’s Oromia and Somali regions, Ethiopians, including unaccompanied minors, continued to journey on foot from Ethiopia to Djibouti either to claim asylum with their families or to continue onward to destination countries in the Arabian Gulf, thereby causing an uptick in refugee camp populations by approximately 2,000; austere and overcrowded conditions in these camps perpetuated trafficking vulnerabilities" (183).