The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-3

Oct. 15, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, MARR-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Syrians that remain in the country and those living as refugees in neighboring countries are extremely vulnerable to traffickers. Syrian children are reportedly vulnerable to forced early marriages—which can lead to commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor—and children displaced within the country continue to be subjected to forced labor, particularly by organized begging rings" (451).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Most IDPs were women and children. In Mindanao, UNHCR reported that as of May, approximately 110,000 persons displaced since 2012 remained in need of durable solutions. Of those individuals, an estimated 100,200 were displaced by armed conflict (including violence between local communities) and 8,700 by natural disasters. The crisis in Marawi displaced hundreds of thousands of additional persons. In early August, UNHCR reported that the government estimated more than 78,000 families (approximately 360,000 persons) were displaced as a result of the crisis" (19). "The most recent UNICEF data, from 2012, estimated there were approximately 250,000 street children" (28).
Sept. 20, 2019, 7:38 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"As in past years, reports continue to indicate government officials and security forces commit widespread sexual exploitation—including sex trafficking—and such exploitation is a major concern across the Northeast, including in informal IDP camps and all of the 13 formal, state-run IDP camps in and around Maiduguri, the Borno State capital, which hosts IDPs affected by the ongoing conflict with Boko Haram and ISISWA. 'Gatekeepers' in control of some IDP camps, at times in collusion with Nigerian policemen and soldiers, reportedly force women and girls to provide sex acts in exchange for food and services in the camps. In July 2016, a Nigerian research organization surveyed 400 IDPs in Adamawa, Borno,...more
Sept. 19, 2019, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Yoon Hee-soon, the author of the paper, wrote: 'Pushed from their homeland by a patriarchal regime that survives through the imposition of tyranny, poverty, and oppression, North Korean women and girls are passed through the hands of traffickers, brokers, and criminal organisations before being pulled into China’s sex trade, where they are exploited and used by men until their bodies are depleted." (para 7).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"UNHCR reported 20 cases of rape from January through October at a refugee camp in Betou, 16 of which involved rape of a minor. Rape and sexual abuse commonly occurred during the initial flight; many women and girls engaged in survival sex in exchange for protection, material goods, or money. Women often remained with abusive partners who offered protection during the flight and subsequently reported domestic abuse and marital rape. The vast majority of gender-based violence incidents went unreported because complaints could take three or more years before courts examined them" (16). "UNHCR’s protection officers and medical partners provided medical, psychosocial, and legal assistance to victims of gender-based violence, including...more
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government allowed roughly 37,500 people of diverse nationalities to enter freely and take refuge since the start of the Yemeni war in 2015; some of them had endured various types of exploitation, possibly including trafficking, before their arrival in Djibouti. Given the protracted political instability in Ethiopia’s Oromia and Somali regions, Ethiopians, including unaccompanied minors, continued to journey on foot from Ethiopia to Djibouti either to claim asylum with their families or to continue onward to destination countries in the Arabian Gulf, thereby causing an uptick in refugee camp populations by approximately 2,000; austere and overcrowded conditions in these camps perpetuated trafficking vulnerabilities" (183).
Aug. 18, 2019, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"While the government denied allegations of police abuse against migrants, international organizations criticized the government for violent pushbacks of illegal migrants, and civil society reported border police assaulted and harassed migrants, including vulnerable persons such as asylum seekers, children, persons with disabilities, and pregnant women, which strongly discouraged victims from self-identifying or cooperating with authorities" (169).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Surges in violent conflict in recent years have resulted in chronic instability and the displacement of more than one million people, increasing the vulnerability of men, women, and children to forced labor and sex trafficking" (145).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Due to the conflict in the East and heightened conflict in areas of the Kasai region and former Katanga province, by November there were an estimated 4.1 million IDPs throughout the country. According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, there were by November approximately 1.1 million IDPs in North Kivu, 763,000 in the Kasai region, 654,000 in Tanganyika, 598,000 in South Kivu, 343,000 in Ituri, and 276,000 in Maniema. The government was unable to protect or assist IDPs adequately but generally allowed domestic and international humanitarian organizations to do so. UNHCR and other international humanitarian organizations worked to close IDP sites where the security situation was...more
Aug. 8, 2019, 9:35 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"An international organization reported in December 2018 Cameroon accommodated over 437,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) resulting from the Anglophone crisis. In addition to the IDPs, Cameroon has more than 1.1 million individuals of concern—including refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria—as of December 2018. Both the IDPs and the individuals of concern are vulnerable to trafficking due to their economic instability and lack of access to formal justice" (140).
Aug. 7, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CLCW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately one quarter of Burma’s residents continued to lack access to citizenship or identity documents, significantly increasing their vulnerability to traffickers in Burma and in other countries. Authorities continued to offer a citizenship verification process pursuant to a 1982 law, but participation was low among Rohingya in Rakhine State amid concerns that the authorities might require these individuals to inaccurately list themselves as 'Bengali,' a term that could potentially further limit their access to certain rights. Authorities did issue citizenship to a small number of Rohingya, but most of these were naturalized—a distinction that afforded them fewer rights than full citizens. Government policies limiting freedom of movement in some jurisdictions...more
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, there were no registered refugees, returning refugees, asylum seekers, or other persons of concern in the country" (page 7).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Refugees and asylum seekers were generally unable to work legally, although Syrian and Yemeni nationals who possessed a temporary visa could obtain a visitor card (“za’ir”) from the Ministry of Interior, which reportedly allows these nationals to work. The renewable permits were valid for up to six months and tied to the validity period of their temporary visas; men between the ages of 18 and 60 were eligible to apply" (33) Female refugees could not apply for a work visa (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "The government reserves access to education, health care, public housing, courts and judicial procedures, legal services, and other social services to citizens only" (33) No access to healthcare...more
July 25, 2019, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Traffickers exploit Rohingya men, women, and children from refugee camps for both sex and labor trafficking, including domestic servitude, although the scale is unknown, including in comparison to the local host community" (98).
July 25, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Bangladesh hosts more than one million undocumented Rohingya in refugee camps and host communities in Cox’s Bazar near the Burmese border and other parts of the country, approximately 700,000 of whom arrived after August 2017" (97)
July 25, 2019, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-3, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"However, the government continued to deny Rohingya access to formal schooling, prevent them from working legally, restrict their movement, and suspend birth registration for nearly one year, all of which increased vulnerability to trafficking" (97).
July 25, 2019, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Two organizations reported identifying 969 additional potential trafficking victims. Among the 969, one organization identified 99 Rohingya that traffickers removed from refugee camps and exploited in sex trafficking (nine females) and labor trafficking (90 males and females) within Bangladesh between October 2017 and October 2018" (95).
July 25, 2019, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government deployed the Rapid Action Battalion and the Bangladesh Army to bolster security around Rohingya refugee camps, including to stem human trafficking and migrant smuggling. The Bangladeshi High Court did not entertain antitrafficking cases filed by Rohingya, despite the law allowing Rohingya to file trafficking cases in Bangladeshi courts. The government did not establish clear legal reporting mechanisms within the camps, which impeded Rohingya trafficking victims' access to justice and increased impunity for offenders. In an effort to remedy these deficiencies, police and international donors established one help desk in one refugee camp to provide legal assistance to Rohingya female and child victims of crime, and an international organization...more
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"There were reports of rape, attempted rape, and sexual and gender-based violence in refugee camps. The perpetrators were either fellow refugees or unknown individuals living near the camps. Authorities only occasionally prosecuted perpetrators of sexual violence. The judicial system did not provide consistent and predictable recourse or legal protection, and traditional legal systems were subject to ethnic variations. To fill the void, UNHCR enlisted the support of a local NGO to support the cases of refugees through the judicial process. The DPHR was unable to provide humanitarian escorts consistently due to lack of resources but was generally effective in providing protection inside refugee camps" (page 12). "During the year the...more
July 21, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The June 2016 World Bank report stated that 52% of the internally displaced persons in Yemen — more than 3 million people — consist of women, many of whom are now heading their displaced households. In a Yemeni context, this absence of adult men can be interpreted as the death of the male heads of those households, their joining one of the warring groups or leaving for nearby cities to look for jobs. Crucially, the absence of adult men from households makes displaced women's accessibility to humanitarian aid extremely difficult" (para 7).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee notes the large number of women and girls affected by the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and is concerned by their situation, especially that of internally displaced women and girls, who remain in a vulnerable situation, in particular with regard to access to education, employment, health and housing and protection from all forms of violence" (12). "In addition, the Committee notes reports about inadequate accommodation, non-respect for legal procedures and gender-based violence against asylum-seeking women in the State party" (13).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"UNHCR reported a rise in sexual- and gender-based violence and child protection concerns among refugees, including child labor, school dropouts, and early marriages" (Pg 40). "Observers of the refugee crisis reported women, men, and community leaders consistently identified sexual violence as a primary reason their families fled the country. The COI reported rape was widespread, and government and progovernment forces used rape to terrorize and punish women, men, and children perceived as associated with the opposition (see section 1.g. for additional information, including on abuses committed by extremist groups). The COI concluded that underreporting and delayed reporting of sexual violence was endemic, rendering an assessment of its magnitude difficult. Reports...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee notes that recent terrorist attacks have resulted in major population displacement, with an estimated 242,000 persons, comprising asylum seekers, refugees, returnees and internally displaced persons, in the Diffa region alone. The Committee commends the State party for the adoption of Act No. 2015-36 of 26 May 2015, on prohibiting trafficking in migrants, and its open border and reception policy for refugees" (3).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Between January and November, authorities apprehended 361,000 individuals for crossing into the country from Syria, according to Turkish General Staff and Ministry of Interior data . . . Early marriage and child labor also remained significant problems among refugees . . . UNHCR reported more than 1,000 LGBTI asylum seekers and conditional refugees lived in the country, most from Iran. According to human rights groups, these refugees faced discrimination and hostility from both authorities and the local population due to their status as members of the LGBTI community. Commercial sexual exploitation also remained a significant problem in the LGBTI refugee community . . . Non-Syrian conditional refugees accepted by a...more
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"It is not known what proportion of this population is unable or unwilling to return to their homes. Many remained in camps or informal settlements because they did not hold a title to land and were occupying it illegally when the earthquake occurred. Others stayed because their homes remained vulnerable to or were destroyed by subsequent landslides. In May the government approved a policy to provide approximately NRs 200,000 ($2,000) for the purchase of new land for landless households and those that required relocation due to natural hazards. As a medium-term solution, the government began building community shelters to house multiple families of earthquake-displaced populations. As of August the Ministry...more
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to the Association of Women Lawyers of Central Africa (AFJC), sexual and gender-based violence in IDP camps was widespread" (Pg 14).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, AW-LAW-1

"While noting the position of the State party that, as a small, densely populated city State with limited land, it is not in a position to accept refugees, the Committee remains concerned about the lack of national asylum and refugee legislation and procedures, including for ensuring respect for the principle of non refoulement, and that refugees and asylum seekers remain in detention until a durable solution is identified" (11).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Press reporting from November 2016 indicated police and gendarmes in Buea, Southwest region, removed students, some of whom had recently been involved in protests at the local university, from their hostels, forced them to roll over in mud, and beat them with batons. According to reports, students were crammed onto military trucks and taken to undisclosed locations, where some were held for months. Some female students were allegedly raped. Rape and sexual abuse were reported in several instances. The International Crisis Group reported that security forces were responsible for sexual abuse during their response to unrest in the Anglophone regions in September and October. International humanitarian organizations reported that members...more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"In 2015 authorities confined in IDCs and shelters approximately 870 Rohingya and Bangladeshi persons who arrived in the country irregularly by boat during the mass movement in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea in May 2015. As of September approximately 140 persons (mostly Rohingya) remained in detention. Authorities continued to treat refugees and asylum seekers from Burma who lived outside of designated border camps, including Rohingya boat arrivals, as illegal migrants. Persons categorized as illegal migrants are legally subject to arrest and detention. Although reinstated in 2013, authorities had not permitted bail for detained refugees and asylum seekers since mid-2016. International humanitarian organizations noted concerns about congested conditions, lack...more
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"As of August 31, the country hosted 852,721 refugees. Major origin countries include South Sudan (388,086), Somalia (252,036), Eritrea (161,941), and Sudan (42,967). Among the South Sudanese population, an estimated 17 percent of the refugees were unaccompanied or separated minors" (p. 22).