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Latest items for CWC-DATA-3

June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"In August 2014, amendments and additions were made to the Refugees Act. Work is underway on a draft of a new provision on the Commission, as well as regulations on the procedure for review and award of refugee status, which enshrine the basic standards of protection for refugees and also take into account the experience of other countries. With direct assistance and involvement of the UNHCR Office in Tajikistan, a unified framework for the registration of refugees and asylum-seekers has been established which has significantly simplified the work of staff involved with issues of asylum-seekers and refugees. To date, the number of refugees and asylum-seekers is 2,266 persons, of whom...more
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The growing number of single female asylum seekers at heightened risk of sexual and gender-based violence" (12).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to the Law on Refugees, the Law on Migration Management and the Law on Asylum, the Commissariat for Refugees and Migration (CRRS) keeps databases on refugees and internally displaced persons and records of asylum seekers/migrants staying in permanent and temporary asylum reception centres. All databases are updated on a daily basis. Records available to CRRS contain personal data (name, surname, gender, date of birth) and the socioeconomic status of persons (except for asylum seekers/migrants). The socioeconomic status includes the economic status, the employment status, income, the health status etc. Women belonging to vulnerable categories can be specifically identified on the basis of data on the employment status, the source...more
May 30, 2020, 12:20 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"An untold number of civilians cross the frontline every month to get money and supplies from the west. They can't afford to stay there and rent apartments, especially with no means of employment, so they return east with whatever they can carry. Vasilivna lives in the small village of Nikolaevka, seven kilometers from the bridge. When fighting intensified in February, she slept on the floor in the corridor, hoping the extra walls would provide greater protection if a shell hit. Once a month, she makes her way like hundreds of others across the bridge to the town of Stanytsia Luhanska to pick up her mother's medication for high blood pressure...more
May 19, 2020, 12:18 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Prema Bai, 58, bends her head and pushes hard her wheelchair on the village road. In the early afternoon, the village of Mamna appears almost deserted although it is home to 742 families and is located in Uttar Pradesh – India’s largest and most populated state. Thanks to a severe drought, every man and woman under 50 has fled Mamna in recent weeks, leaving behind the elderly and women with very young children. 'They thought we were like cattle, a burden in this hard time because we only eat but yield no returns,' says Bai whose two sons and their wives also migrated to Agra — a city 255 km...more
May 15, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee is, however, concerned that the State party may have difficulty dealing with an influx of refugees and providing them with decent housing, as demonstrated by the precarious sanitary and housing conditions, lack of guaranteed access to food, clean water, sanitation, medical care, psychological support and legal counselling, and high levels of exposure to violence and exploitation, especially for women and girls, in Calais" (3).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Committee commends the State party on its acceptance of a high number of refugees. It is nevertheless concerned about: (a) The high incidence of gender-based violence against women and girls, including sexual violence such as rape and so-called “survival sex”, in and around refugee camps, which is furthermore a significant cause of the relatively high rate of teenage pregnancy; (b) The low rate of reporting of gender-based violence, including sexual violence, by refugee women and girls, inter alia for fear of reprisals; (c) The high risk of trafficking for refugee women and girls; (d) The inadequate security situation for women and girls in refugee camps; (e) Limited access to...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Many refugees worked as day laborers or in informal markets, and local employers often exploited refugees in the informal labor market with low or unpaid wages. Women and children were particularly vulnerable, accepting underpaid and undesirable work" (31).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Refugee birth registrations require families to register birth certificates with Lebanese ministries, which remained inaccessible because the ministries require proof of legal residence and legal marriage" (11). "The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights for citizens but placed extensive limitations on the rights of Palestinian refugees and Syrian, Iraqi, and other refugee populations" (17). "As of June 30, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) registered more than one million Syrian refugees, 18,708 Iraqis, more than 2,200 Sudanese refugees, and refugees of other nationalities in the country. The UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA)...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The Congo has also passed (i) Decree No. 2014-473 ratifying the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa; and (ii) the Act authorizing the ratification of an agreement between the Government of the Republic of the Congo and the Government of the French Republic on the concerted management of migration flows and co-development" (15-16). "There is a national legislative framework that improves the efficiency and accuracy of the process of determining refugee status (Act of 6 October 2014 authorizing the ratification of the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa) (...) The Congo has a policy...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The turmoil has forced millions to flee the region and seek refuge in the United States, where they confront a system strained by record demand and a bitter fight over whether to accept them" (para 15). "And Central America, the region where most of those seeking asylum in the United States are fleeing, is at the heart of the crisis" (para 17). "'Despite the risk associated with migration, it is still lower than the risk of being killed at home,' said Angela Me, the chief of research and trend analysis at the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime" (para 20).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to government statistics, the country approved 206 asylum claims by Ukrainians in the first 10 months of the year... On April 6, border guard officers used force and pepper spray against three Chechen men at a guarded detention center in Biala Podlaska. They reportedly took this action after the men physically assaulted border guard officers in an effort to stop them from deporting a Chechen woman and two children" (14).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Media, NGOs, and UNHCR staff reported multiple cases of attacks against refugees, particularly women and children. According to UNHCR, refugees sometimes reported harassment, sexual harassment, and discrimination. Refugee women and girls, particularly sub- Saharan Africans, faced the greatest risk of societal, sexual, and gender-based violence." (32).
Oct. 15, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, MARR-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Syrians that remain in the country and those living as refugees in neighboring countries are extremely vulnerable to traffickers. Syrian children are reportedly vulnerable to forced early marriages—which can lead to commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor—and children displaced within the country continue to be subjected to forced labor, particularly by organized begging rings" (451).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Most IDPs were women and children. In Mindanao, UNHCR reported that as of May, approximately 110,000 persons displaced since 2012 remained in need of durable solutions. Of those individuals, an estimated 100,200 were displaced by armed conflict (including violence between local communities) and 8,700 by natural disasters. The crisis in Marawi displaced hundreds of thousands of additional persons. In early August, UNHCR reported that the government estimated more than 78,000 families (approximately 360,000 persons) were displaced as a result of the crisis" (19). "The most recent UNICEF data, from 2012, estimated there were approximately 250,000 street children" (28).
Sept. 20, 2019, 7:38 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"As in past years, reports continue to indicate government officials and security forces commit widespread sexual exploitation—including sex trafficking—and such exploitation is a major concern across the Northeast, including in informal IDP camps and all of the 13 formal, state-run IDP camps in and around Maiduguri, the Borno State capital, which hosts IDPs affected by the ongoing conflict with Boko Haram and ISISWA. 'Gatekeepers' in control of some IDP camps, at times in collusion with Nigerian policemen and soldiers, reportedly force women and girls to provide sex acts in exchange for food and services in the camps. In July 2016, a Nigerian research organization surveyed 400 IDPs in Adamawa, Borno,...more
Sept. 19, 2019, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Yoon Hee-soon, the author of the paper, wrote: 'Pushed from their homeland by a patriarchal regime that survives through the imposition of tyranny, poverty, and oppression, North Korean women and girls are passed through the hands of traffickers, brokers, and criminal organisations before being pulled into China’s sex trade, where they are exploited and used by men until their bodies are depleted." (para 7).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"UNHCR reported 20 cases of rape from January through October at a refugee camp in Betou, 16 of which involved rape of a minor. Rape and sexual abuse commonly occurred during the initial flight; many women and girls engaged in survival sex in exchange for protection, material goods, or money. Women often remained with abusive partners who offered protection during the flight and subsequently reported domestic abuse and marital rape. The vast majority of gender-based violence incidents went unreported because complaints could take three or more years before courts examined them" (16). "UNHCR’s protection officers and medical partners provided medical, psychosocial, and legal assistance to victims of gender-based violence, including...more
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government allowed roughly 37,500 people of diverse nationalities to enter freely and take refuge since the start of the Yemeni war in 2015; some of them had endured various types of exploitation, possibly including trafficking, before their arrival in Djibouti. Given the protracted political instability in Ethiopia’s Oromia and Somali regions, Ethiopians, including unaccompanied minors, continued to journey on foot from Ethiopia to Djibouti either to claim asylum with their families or to continue onward to destination countries in the Arabian Gulf, thereby causing an uptick in refugee camp populations by approximately 2,000; austere and overcrowded conditions in these camps perpetuated trafficking vulnerabilities" (183).
Aug. 18, 2019, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"While the government denied allegations of police abuse against migrants, international organizations criticized the government for violent pushbacks of illegal migrants, and civil society reported border police assaulted and harassed migrants, including vulnerable persons such as asylum seekers, children, persons with disabilities, and pregnant women, which strongly discouraged victims from self-identifying or cooperating with authorities" (169).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Surges in violent conflict in recent years have resulted in chronic instability and the displacement of more than one million people, increasing the vulnerability of men, women, and children to forced labor and sex trafficking" (145).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Due to the conflict in the East and heightened conflict in areas of the Kasai region and former Katanga province, by November there were an estimated 4.1 million IDPs throughout the country. According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, there were by November approximately 1.1 million IDPs in North Kivu, 763,000 in the Kasai region, 654,000 in Tanganyika, 598,000 in South Kivu, 343,000 in Ituri, and 276,000 in Maniema. The government was unable to protect or assist IDPs adequately but generally allowed domestic and international humanitarian organizations to do so. UNHCR and other international humanitarian organizations worked to close IDP sites where the security situation was...more
Aug. 8, 2019, 9:35 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"An international organization reported in December 2018 Cameroon accommodated over 437,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) resulting from the Anglophone crisis. In addition to the IDPs, Cameroon has more than 1.1 million individuals of concern—including refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria—as of December 2018. Both the IDPs and the individuals of concern are vulnerable to trafficking due to their economic instability and lack of access to formal justice" (140).
Aug. 7, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CLCW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately one quarter of Burma’s residents continued to lack access to citizenship or identity documents, significantly increasing their vulnerability to traffickers in Burma and in other countries. Authorities continued to offer a citizenship verification process pursuant to a 1982 law, but participation was low among Rohingya in Rakhine State amid concerns that the authorities might require these individuals to inaccurately list themselves as 'Bengali,' a term that could potentially further limit their access to certain rights. Authorities did issue citizenship to a small number of Rohingya, but most of these were naturalized—a distinction that afforded them fewer rights than full citizens. Government policies limiting freedom of movement in some jurisdictions...more
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, there were no registered refugees, returning refugees, asylum seekers, or other persons of concern in the country" (page 7).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Refugees and asylum seekers were generally unable to work legally, although Syrian and Yemeni nationals who possessed a temporary visa could obtain a visitor card (“za’ir”) from the Ministry of Interior, which reportedly allows these nationals to work. The renewable permits were valid for up to six months and tied to the validity period of their temporary visas; men between the ages of 18 and 60 were eligible to apply" (33) Female refugees could not apply for a work visa (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "The government reserves access to education, health care, public housing, courts and judicial procedures, legal services, and other social services to citizens only" (33) No access to healthcare...more
July 25, 2019, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Traffickers exploit Rohingya men, women, and children from refugee camps for both sex and labor trafficking, including domestic servitude, although the scale is unknown, including in comparison to the local host community" (98).
July 25, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Bangladesh hosts more than one million undocumented Rohingya in refugee camps and host communities in Cox’s Bazar near the Burmese border and other parts of the country, approximately 700,000 of whom arrived after August 2017" (97)
July 25, 2019, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-3, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"However, the government continued to deny Rohingya access to formal schooling, prevent them from working legally, restrict their movement, and suspend birth registration for nearly one year, all of which increased vulnerability to trafficking" (97).
July 25, 2019, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Two organizations reported identifying 969 additional potential trafficking victims. Among the 969, one organization identified 99 Rohingya that traffickers removed from refugee camps and exploited in sex trafficking (nine females) and labor trafficking (90 males and females) within Bangladesh between October 2017 and October 2018" (95).