The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-4

April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In June the government announced it would issue A/5 humanitarian visas to 200 Sudanese migrants from Darfur. While this represented an improvement over the 2A5 'conditional release' status, NGOs cautioned that even these 200 migrants would continue to lack the full protections of refugee status. In February the Population and Immigration Authority issued new guidelines to RSD adjudicators to increase their sensitivity to gender problems" (27).
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Oman has a large number of female migrant workers from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and the Philippines, many of whom are employed as domestic workers. NGOs based outside of Oman, such as Human Rights Watch, and embassies of labor-sending countries allege that domestic workers face discrimination, to include physical, sexual, and psychological abuse" (10). "Some men and women from South and Southeast Asia, employed as domestic workers or low-skilled workers in the construction, agriculture, and service sectors, faced working conditions indicative of forced labor, including withholding of passports, restrictions on movement, usurious recruitment fees, nonpayment of wages, long working hours without food or rest, threats, and...more
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Migrant female workers were particularly vulnerable to sexual violence" (page 51). "Although public schools were not allowed to charge tuition, many schools continued to charge miscellaneous fees because they received insufficient local and central government funding. Such fees and other school-related expenses made it difficult for poorer families and some migrant workers to send their children to school . . . The government reported that nearly 20 million children of migrant laborers followed their parents to urban areas. Denied access to state-run schools, most children of migrant workers who attended school did so at unlicensed and poorly equipped schools" (page 59).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, CLCW-LAW-1

"In December 2016 the government launched the second phase of its migrant regularization program to provide legal status to migrants in exceptional circumstances. The program, similar to the 2014 campaign, grants legal status to foreign spouses and children of citizens and other legal residents of the country, as well as individuals with at least five years of residence in the country, a valid work contract, or chronic illness. As of October, 22,986 individuals had received status under the program, of the more than 25,000 requests submitted. Migrants and refugees may obtain Moroccan nationality if they meet the legal requirements of the Nationality Law and submit a request to the Ministry...more
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In accordance with agreements with the Economic Community of West African States on freedom of movement, the government allows West Africans to remain in the country for up to three months, after which they must apply for residency or work permits. Migrants determined to be illegally seeking to reach Spain’s nearby Canary Islands were deported. According to the Ministry of Interior and Decentralization, immigration officials returned 4,600 migrants to their countries of origin between January 1 and September 4" (page 13).
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Trade unionists reported cases of forced labor during the year among migrant workers involving passport confiscation, underpayment of wages, substandard living conditions, lack of clearly defined work titles, denial of meal allowances, and deportation. There were nearly 35,000 migrant workers in the country, mainly from Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, China, and Madagascar. Additionally, Malagasy women reportedly transited the country while traveling to other countries, where employers subjected them to forced labor conditions" (para 85).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about the persisting barriers to birth registration, especially in rural areas and among indigenous communities and communities of African descent. It is also concerned about the lack of information provided on the steps taken to ensure that children in border areas and children in a migratory situation, including unaccompanied children participating in return programmes, have access to birth registration and personal document" (10).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In 2013 the Lao Government submitted the Additional Report to answer the question in the Concluding Observation paragraph 43. In addition to clarifying in the Additional Report, the Lao Government has continued to attach importance to protecting the rights and benefits of migrant workers who have migrated to work in other countries with details as follows: In 2013, the Lao Government adopted the Amended Law on Labour which has 2 new articles on protection of migrant women workers: Article 66 provides that the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare has the duty to administer Lao labour working abroad in cooperation with the relevant agencies. In cases where it is deemed...more
Jan. 4, 2019, 12:17 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"German authorities are debating the contours of a new law that would crack down on child marriages after it emerged that some 1,500 underage brides are now living in the country. The married minors are among the more than one million migrants from Africa, Asia and the Middle East who entered Germany in 2015" (para 1-2). "Most of the married children are from Syria (664), Afghanistan (157) and Iraq (100). Nearly 80% (1,152) are girls. The true number of child marriages in Germany is believed to be much higher than the official statistics suggest because many are being concealed" (para 4). "The case came about after the couple arrived at...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 9:02 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"As of 2017, Denmark's housing ministry said non-Western immigrants made up 66.5 percent of ghetto populace. . . Around half a million are from Muslim backgrounds, a group that swelled with Afghan, Iraqi and Syrian refugees crossing Europe, according to New York Times. . . Last week, Denmark voted to ban the niqab and burqa, becoming the fifth European country to pass such a law" (para 10-18).
Dec. 21, 2018, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

Graph 24 shows the 10 largest migrant communities in Chile in 2014. The largest influx comes from Peru, that represent 31.7% of the migrant population, followed by Argentina with 16.3%, Bolivia with 8.8%, Colombia with 6.1%, Ecuador with 4.7%, Spain with 3.5%, United States with 3.1%, Brazil with 3%, Venezuela and China both with 1.9%. Migrants from other countries represent 19.1% of the migrant population (23).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Between 17,000 and 22,000 immigrants, mostly from ECOWAS countries, were working in the country. Most were men, but the number of immigrant women increased during the year… It was common for companies not to honor migrant workers’ rights regarding contracts, especially concerning deductions for social security" (19).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Migrant... Indian women and girls who worked in domestic service or as caregivers were vulnerable to forced labor... approximately 54,000 migrants worked in the country, mostly from India... girls who worked as domestic servants and entertainers in 'drayungs' (karaoke bars) were subjected to labor trafficking through debt and threats of physical abuse. The NAHRC conducted an investigation into drayungs and found no evidence of trafficking or forced labor" (17).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The individual and combined impact of these factors causes economic hardship for families who have to pay for education, health, and basic services. This leads families, and especially women and girls, to seek economic opportunities abroad. Women and girls travelling to Thailand, China, Singapore, and Malaysia are often exploited when they arrive and sold to the sex industry or domestic work" (page 8).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls. Reported cases were primarily filed by recent immigrants or asylum seekers. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C" (9).
Nov. 9, 2018, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"An alarming rise in child marriages has been seen among the most vulnerable Syrian refugee populations in Lebanon, according to a newly completed survey conducted by UNFPA, the American University of Beirut and Sawa for Development and Aid" (para 1). "Among refugee girls currently between ages 15 and 17, some 24 per cent are married" (para 3). "Before the Syrian conflict, child marriage would not have been a reality for Iman and her family, as it was a significantly less common practice. Some estimates show that child marriage rates are four times higher among Syrian refugees today [in Lebanon] than among Syrians before the crisis. This skyrocketing rate can be...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"An alarming rise in child marriages has been seen among the most vulnerable Syrian refugee populations in Lebanon, according to a newly completed survey conducted by UNFPA, the American University of Beirut and Sawa for Development and Aid" (para 1). "Among refugee girls currently between ages 15 and 17, some 24 per cent are married" (para 3). "Before the Syrian conflict, child marriage would not have been a reality for Iman and her family, as it was a significantly less common practice. Some estimates show that child marriage rates are four times higher among Syrian refugees today [in Lebanon] than among Syrians before the crisis. This skyrocketing rate can be...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"It is also concerned about the economic situation of women who seek to work abroad and fall prey to trafficking networks, given the restrictions on leaving the territory of the State party, which increases the risk they will be subjected to forced marriage, that their children will be stateless and that they will be exploited in forced labour and prostitution. The Committee is further concerned that, upon repatriation, women who are victims of trafficking are reportedly sent to labour training camps or prisons, on the charge of “illegal border crossing”, and may be exposed to further violations of their human rights, including sexual violence by security officials and forced abortions"...more
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"NGOs reported lack of access to legal and social services in detention centers for irregular migrants. Social workers provided individual social and supportive treatment, with emphasis on identifying and providing services for trafficking victims, victims of abuse, and victims of sexual violations" (para 29). "With regard to irregular migrants, the most recent amendment to the Prevention of Infiltration Law, passed in December 2014, allows the government to detain migrants and asylum seekers who arrived after December 2014 for three months in the Saharonim Prison facility 'for the purpose of identification and to explore options for relocation of the individual.' The government may then hold them for 12 months in Holot,...more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The government cooperated with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other humanitarian organizations to provide protection and assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, returning refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and other persons of concern" (page 18).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Table 2.7 presents the population distribution by age and sex of the interviewed households, by area of residence . . . There is a significant deficit of men in relation to women from ages 20-45, certainly a consequence of migration" (page 17) (see Table 2.7) (translated from original French by ARR).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Polling indicated that lack of economic and educational opportunity, fear of violence, and the desire for family reunification motivated children to seek to migrate. Casa Alianza reported that 4,141 youth were deported back to the country from Mexico and the United States through June" (para 119)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Foreign migrant workers, particularly construction workers, security guards, cleaners, handymen, and domestic workers, were subjected to forced labor, confiscation of travel and identity documents, restrictions on movement and communications, physical abuse, sexual harassment and rape, withholding of wages, and forced overtime. There were cases of employers withholding travel documents, stopping payment on contracts, and preventing foreign employees from leaving the work site" (para 295). "Women were subjected to involuntary domestic service through forced marriages and the threat of divorce, and women who fled such marriages or whose husbands divorced them were vulnerable to further forced labor. Due to the deterioration in the security situation, female IDPs were increasingly vulnerable to...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"It is unknown how many women involved are British citizens and how many are brought into the UK from abroad specifically to marry, although Karma Nirvana say the majority of its calls concern British nationals... ‘We know there are thousands of women and girls in Britain – but men, too – living behind closed doors in forced marriages, yet the crime is woefully under-reported. 'Treated as slaves and subjected to threats and violence, victims endure the added burden of their own families pressurising them to stay in these marriages to avoid bringing them shame'" (para 5, 10-11).
Sept. 6, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In Mexico, one in four undocumented migrants apprehended by border control agents last year were female, compared to only one in seven detainees in 2011" (para 10)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned that the exception to the jus soli principle relating to foreigners in transit is systematically applied to migrant women in an irregular situation, irrespective of the length of their stay in the State party, and that, as a result, their children cannot receive Chilean nationality at birth and can only opt for Chilean nationality within a period of one year immediately following their twenty-first birthday" (6). "The Committee is concerned about the social exclusion and vulnerability of migrant women, as well as obstacles preventing them from enjoying basic rights, such as access to social benefits and health-care services, in particular for pregnant women" (9).more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"During the year many countries in the EU and Southeast Europe experienced an unprecedented wave of migration from the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, consisting of a mix of asylum seekers/potential refugees, economic migrants, and trafficking victims, among others" (6).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Language barriers, lack of legal status, lack of education, lack of an understanding of local law, and ineffective complaint mechanisms for non-Thai speakers increased vulnerability to exploitation for the large numbers of migrants from Burma, Cambodia, and Laos concentrated in those sectors" (50). There is major concern that many of these migrants are actually victims of human trafficking, including the women among the groups. The women would face additional challenges in regards to language barriers not allowing them to communicate any potential sexual assaults/rapes as well as forced labor (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"[The committee] remains concerned about: … The situation of women migrant workers who are vulnerable to abuse and exploitation, in particular those who are undocumented" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"During the year many countries in the EU and Southeast Europe experienced an unprecedented wave of migration from the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, consisting of a mix of asylum seekers/potential refugees, economic migrants, and trafficking victims, among others" (7).