The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-4

Aug. 21, 2019, 11:52 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In 2017, observers reported an increase in West African migrant trafficking victims, although it was unclear if this was the result of increased victim identification or an actual increase in numbers" (190-191).
Aug. 21, 2019, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The government provided in-kind support to an international organization to train migration officials and first responders on trafficking indicators, mostly as a response to a mass influx of Venezuelan refugees and migrants" (187).
Aug. 18, 2019, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"While the government denied allegations of police abuse against migrants, international organizations criticized the government for violent pushbacks of illegal migrants, and civil society reported border police assaulted and harassed migrants, including vulnerable persons such as asylum seekers, children, persons with disabilities, and pregnant women, which strongly discouraged victims from self-identifying or cooperating with authorities" (169).
Aug. 8, 2019, 9:35 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"An international organization reported in December 2018 Cameroon accommodated over 437,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) resulting from the Anglophone crisis. In addition to the IDPs, Cameroon has more than 1.1 million individuals of concern—including refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria—as of December 2018. Both the IDPs and the individuals of concern are vulnerable to trafficking due to their economic instability and lack of access to formal justice" (140).
Aug. 7, 2019, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The same international organization also reported that hundreds of Burundian adult and child recruits, including girls, were allegedly trained in weaponry at a training camp in southwestern Rwanda—some of whom may have been trafficking victims" (131).
Aug. 7, 2019, 8:14 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Returned refugees frequently lacked access to basic services or land and remained a highly vulnerable population. Burundi’s challenging security environment and endemic poverty created an opportunity for criminals, including traffickers, to take advantage of Burundians in precarious or desperate situations" (131).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Media reports quoted judges as saying the majority of child marriage cases in the country involved Syrian girls, followed by smaller numbers of Egyptians and Yemenis" (44).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Human rights organizations cited the problem of the “mouhadjirin,” migrant children who attended certain Islamic schools and whose teachers forced them to beg for food and money. There was no reliable estimate of the number of mouhadjirin" (page 17).
July 23, 2019, 9:07 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Undocumented Congolese migrants, including children, enter Angola for work in diamond-mining districts, where traffickers exploit some in forced labor or sex trafficking in mining camps. Trafficking networks recruit and transport Congolese girls as young as 12 years old from Kasai Occidental in the DRC to Angola for labor and sex trafficking" (76).
July 23, 2019, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Nigerien female migrants begging in Algeria, who often carry children—sometimes rented from their mothers in Niger—may be forced labor victims. Nigerien children, ranging from four- to eight-years-old, are brought to Algeria by trafficking networks with the consent of their parents and forced to beg for several months in Algeria before being returned to their families in Niger" (74).
July 23, 2019, 7:12 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"While many of these relationships are purportedly consensual, these women are at risk of trafficking, and migrants in Tamanrasset reported instances of women prevented from leaving the home and raped by their 'partner.' Foreign women and children, primarily sub-Saharan African migrants, are exploited in sex trafficking in bars and informal brothels, typically by members of their own communities nationwide, including in cities such as Tamanrasset and Algiers" (74).
July 23, 2019, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Algeria. Undocumented sub-Saharan migrants, primarily from Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Guinea, Liberia, and Nigeria, are most vulnerable to labor and sex trafficking in Algeria, mainly due to their irregular migration status, poverty, and language barriers. Unaccompanied women and women traveling with children are also particularly vulnerable to commercial sexual exploitation and forced domestic work" (73-74).
July 23, 2019, 6:56 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The government did not report screening migrants for trafficking indicators before arresting, detaining, and deporting them" (73).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The disproportionately high HIV-infection rate among Armenian migrant workers and their partners in the State party" (10). "The Committee acknowledges the existence of a special agency appointed to help with the reintegration of migrants, but is concerned by reports of a lack of support for the reintegration of returnee Armenian migrant women. In addition, the Committee notes reports about inadequate accommodation, non-respect for legal procedures and gender-based violence against asylum-seeking women in the State party" (13).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee notes that recent terrorist attacks have resulted in major population displacement, with an estimated 242,000 persons, comprising asylum seekers, refugees, returnees and internally displaced persons, in the Diffa region alone. The Committee commends the State party for the adoption of Act No. 2015-36 of 26 May 2015, on prohibiting trafficking in migrants, and its open border and reception policy for refugees. Nevertheless, it is concerned that: (a) No strategic policy or legislative response exists to address the extremely precarious conditions of displaced women and girls in the State party, not least in the Lake Chad region; (b) Displaced women and girls are at risk of sexual and gender-based...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The heightened risk of violence, labour exploitation and racially motivated acts faced by migrant women" (11).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Authorities continued to treat refugees and asylum seekers from Burma who lived outside of designated border camps, including Rohingya boat arrivals, as illegal migrants. Persons categorized as illegal migrants are legally subject to arrest and detention. Although reinstated in 2013, authorities had not permitted bail for detained refugees and asylum seekers since mid-2016" (page 20-21). "The government allowed undocumented migrant workers from neighboring Burma, Cambodia, and Laos to work legally in certain economic sectors if they registered with authorities and followed a prescribed process to document their status" (page 23).
July 12, 2019, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Many Somali refugee families report that one of the primary reasons they left Somalia is due to fear of forced marriage of their daughters" (9).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In July 2016 the government formed joint army/police teams to patrol the border with Bulgaria and Macedonia. Various press and humanitarian reports also indicated the authorities pushed back irregular migrants without screening them to see if they were seeking asylum. The government’s Mixed Migration Group reported that 3,395 illegal entrances were prevented since January 1, while 1,729 people were prevented from illegally entering Hungary and Croatia from the territory of Serbia" (page 14).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned at reports of abuse, contemporary forms of slavery and sexual exploitation of Romanian women who are seasonal agricultural workers in Italy, as well as of the labour exploitation of Chinese women in the textile industry in the State party (see A/HRC/18/30/Add.1) and of Filipino women domestic workers in the State party suffering labour exploitation, physical abuse and fearing reprisals by their employers if they file complaints. The Committee is also concerned that the State party has not yet ratified the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families and the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the...more
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"It also notes that more than 50,000 refugees from neighbouring countries reside in the State party. It has received consistent reports indicating that women and girls in contexts of internal and external displacement are at a heightened risk of being subjected or have been subjected to sexual violence and exploitation. The Committee is concerned that no preventive measures are being taken by the State party to ensure protection against forced displacement and access to basic services by displaced women and girls" (13).
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The extensive number of male migrant workers to Russia and other parts of Central Asia, many of whom failed to send remittances or return home, exacerbated economic pressures on women, who had to provide for themselves and their children, and resulted in a significant gender imbalance in the population" (Pg 21).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Authorities often detained irregular migrants who entered the country. As of November authorities had detained approximately 744 migrants, mostly at the country’s southern border with Greece; those who did not request asylum were generally deported to Greece within 24 hours. Migrants detained further inland could spend several weeks at the Karrec closed migrant detention facility awaiting deportation. As of November the government reported four persons detained in the Karrec facility. UNHCR reported that approximately 30 percent of migrants requested asylum. Some NGOs and UNHCR maintained that some migrants who requested asylum were deported as well. UNHCR made formal complaints to the government, but authorities were generally slow to address them....more
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"There were reports that some female refugees and migrants working as domestic workers or tea sellers were not compensated for their work, required to pay “kettle taxes” to the police, sexually exploited, or trafficked. Due to their uncertain legal status, many refugees and migrants did not report cases of discrimination or abuse due to fear of imprisonment or repatriation" (Pg 75).
June 25, 2019, 7:34 a.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"There were few formal complaints of discrimination, although there were some reports of employment discrimination on the basis of gender, age, and with respect to migrant workers. Some discrimination occurred against Roma, and there were cases of employers not meeting the standards set by the labor laws regarding benefits and procedures for termination of employment" (Pg 18).
June 24, 2019, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In April 2014 the ombudsman and the commissioner for the protection of children’s rights called on the government to terminate the practice of detaining migrant mothers of young children for deportation and instead to implement alternative measures as provided by EU law and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Council of Europe commissioner for human rights also declared that arresting migrant women because of their irregular entry or stay in the country, especially women accompanied by dependent children, without examining alternatives to detention did not conform to international human rights standards. The NGO Cyprus STOP Trafficking staged a hunger strike to protest the detention of migrant...more
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Foreign workers could contact the labor offices of their embassies for assistance. During the year hundreds of domestic workers, the majority of whom were female, sought shelter at their embassies, some fleeing sexual abuse or other violence by their employers. Some embassies maintained safe houses for citizens fleeing situations that amounted to bondage. The workers usually sought legal help from embassies and government agencies to obtain end of service benefits and exit visas" (Pg 51).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee welcomes the approval of the Migration Code (Decree No. 44-2016), which incorporates a human rights-based approach and reflects the specific situation of women on the move. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about the following: (a) Lack of regulations to implement the Migration Code; (b) Absence of a policy to protect the rights of women migrant workers" (14).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The local business community reported that the Ministry of Manpower increasingly rejected work permits for foreign women regardless of profession or country of origin, while it granted work permits to foreign men applying for comparable positions. Ministry officials said the purpose of the ban on female foreign visas was to 'regularize' the labor market, without further explanation" (Pg 16).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In localities with large populations of migrant workers, officials specifically targeted migrant women to ensure that they did not exceed birth limitations. Minorities in some provinces, however, were entitled to higher limits on their family size" (55). "The gap in education quality for rural and urban youth remained extensive, with many children of migrant workers attending unlicensed and poorly equipped schools" (57).