The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-4

April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The limited access by migrant, refugee and asylum-seeking women, as well as women with disabilities, to the formal labour market" (Pg 13). "The Committee welcomes the measures adopted by the State party to address disparities in terms of access to health services between cantons and, in particular, between Swiss nationals and migrants. The language barriers and lack of awareness often preventing migrant women from accessing health-care facilities, including sexual and reproductive health services" (Pg 14). "Women, in particular single mothers, older women, divorced rural women, migrant women, unemployed women and women involved in unpaid care work, are disproportionately affected by poverty" (Pg 16). "The Committee notes the efforts of the ...more
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned that the measures taken by the State party to address domestic violence are likely to remain ineffective as long as the chastisement of wives and children continues to be authorized under article 53 of the Penal Code. The Committee notes with serious concern that, in 2010, the Federal Supreme Court issued a ruling upholding that right and that, in 2013, the State party did not accept the recommendation made in the context of the second cycle of the universal periodic review to repeal article 53 (see A/HRC/23/13, para. 128.92). The Committee is also concerned about the slow progress achieved in enacting comprehensive legislation on violence against ...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned that the 1962 law regulating the entry into, stay in and exit from Lebanon does not distinguish between asylum seekers/refugees and migrants. The Committee is also concerned about the high number of reported cases of child and/or forced marriage among Syrian refugee women and girls and the lack of official data on that phenomenon and on the number of stateless persons in Lebanon" (pg 3)."The Committee welcomes the various measures adopted by the State party to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers, including issuing unified contracts, requiring employers to sign up to an insurance policy, regulating employment agencies, adopting a law criminalizing trafficking in ...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

The Committee is concerned at the precarious working conditions of women domestic workers, including women migrant workers abroad, and their heightened risk of being exposed to abuse and trafficking for sexual and labour exploitation. The Committee is also concerned that women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers and face barriers in filing complaints and gaining access to justice. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ratify the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization; (b) Ensure that women domestic workers, including women migrant workers, have access to social protection and other employment -related benefits; (c) Effectively regulate and ...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Child Care and Protection Act of 2015, which contains a chapter on combating trafficking in children; the inclusion of human trafficking among the 12 areas of focus in the revised National Gender Policy; and the use of the Prevention of Organized Crime Act of 2004 to combat trafficking in human beings as well as in the first criminal conviction in 2015 involving a case of human trafficking. The Committee is concerned, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for trafficking in human beings, in particular women and girls, mainly for purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation. The Committee ...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned, however, about persisting barriers to women's access to justice, in particular: (b) language barriers faced by women wishing to claim their rights, in particular migrant women" (4).
Feb. 7, 2018, noon
Countries: Chile
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned that the exception to the jus soli principle relating to foreigners in transit is systematically applied to migrant women in an irregular situation, irrespective of the length of their stay in the State party, and that, as a result, their children cannot receive Chilean nationality at birth and can only opt for Chilean nationality within a period of one year immediately following their twenty-first birthday" (6). "The Committee is concerned about the social exclusion and vulnerability of migrant women, as well as obstacles preventing them from enjoying basic rights, such as access to social benefits and health-care services, in particular for pregnant women" (9).more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"As regards the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, no other Member State in the EU or any traditional recipient country outside the EU has ratified this Convention. In the main the protection provided by the Convention already follows from the other 6 central UN conventions on human rights and from the ILO Convention (143) on migrant workers. Sweden has ratified all of the above-mentioned conventions that create sufficient protection for migrant workers. The effective application of these instruments is an important Swedish priority" (page 64).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee notes the situation of increased insecurity in the State party […] and the significant influx of refugees from Mali since 2012, some 32,000 of whom still remain in the State party. The Committee is concerned […] That refugee women and girls in the State party are at a heightened risk of sexual and gender-based violence, as well as early and forced marriage, human trafficking and forced prostitution" (4).
Jan. 30, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"But the Central Asian country is also a major source of cheap migrant labor in nearby states like Russia and Kazakhstan, and farther abroad. Official Russian figures indicate that at least 1.2 million Tajik migrants are working in Russia, out of Tajikistan's population of 8.5 million" (Para 12).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Language barriers, lack of legal status, lack of education, lack of an understanding of local law, and ineffective complaint mechanisms for non-Thai speakers increased vulnerability to exploitation for the large numbers of migrants from Burma, Cambodia, and Laos concentrated in those sectors" (50). There is major concern that many of these migrants are actually victims of human trafficking, including the women among the groups. The women would face additional challenges in regards to language barriers not allowing them to communicate any potential sexual assaults/rapes as well as forced labor (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned at…The lack of information on the accessibility of shelters for older women, women belonging to ethnic minorities, migrant and refugee women and women with disabilities" (7). "The Committee notes the existence of the Migration Act (No. 25.871 of 2003) and the Refugee Act (No. 26.165 of 2006), but is concerned about the absence of programmes aimed at the social and economic integration of migrant, refugee and asylum-seeking women in the State party. It is also concerned about the exclusion in practice of refugee, asylum-seeking and undocumented migrant women from social protection, such as the universal child allowance and disability-related entitlements, and from education and health-care ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:12 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

Sara's mother was from Egypt and her father was from Morocco. She was born and raised in Kuwait. She moved to Cairo for a year and now lives in New York (ENB-Coder Comment)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:11 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

Sara's mom is from Egypt, her dad is from Morocco, and she was raised in Kuwait. She lived and worked in Egypt for a year and now lives in New York (ENB-Coder Comment)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

Sara's mom is from Egypt, her dad is from Morocco, and she was raised in Kuwait. She lived and worked in Egypt for a year to teach at a university and now lives in New York (ENB-Coder Comment)."Since the 1970s, women's veils started to become familiar in Egypt, 'primarily due to strong religious rhetoric, and mass migration to Gulf countries that resulted in some of their traditions being brought back home'"(5). This statement was made by Samia Kadri, a sociology professor (ENB-Coder Comment)."'EIPR observed cases where veiled Syrian women were physically attacked, insulted and kicked out of public microbuses because people recognised their nationality through their distinct hijab'"(5). This statement ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"'EIPR observed cases where veiled Syrian women were physically attacked, insulted and kicked out of public microbuses because people recognised their nationality through their distinct hijab'"(5). This statement was made by Dali Abd El-Hameed (ENB-Coder Comment). "Many people who oppose ousted president Morsi believe Syrians in Egypt, who are in the many thousands thanks to the civil war in Syria, were supporting him and opposed his toppling"(5)
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights, except for some instances of internal movement in Darien province"(10)."Many indigenous laborers migrated seasonally from the country to Costa Rica, and both governments were concerned about public health risks associated with these movements. The Ministry of Health established centers for primary health care near the border crossings for vaccinations and regular health exams for this migrant population"(24). "The law prohibits all forms of forced labor of adults or children. The law establishes penalties of 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment for forced labor involving movement (either cross-border or within the country) ...more
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

At 2:03 Brishti explains that when the river took away her family's house her father came to Dhaka and sent her to work when she was 3 or 4 years old (ENB-Coder Comment).At 2:31 of the video text on the screen says "The population of 20 million is growing at a rate of 5% a year. As climate change intensifies flooding, more and more Bangladeshis are migrating from villages into Dhaka in search or work. 10 million new migrants are expected by 2040 due to climate change"(ENB-Coder Comment).At 14:31 text on the screen says "Riverbank erosion is thought to displace between 50,000 and 200,000 people in Bangladesh each year. Increased ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:58 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"A survey of 10,000 households in this northern state found more than 9,000 married women had come from other states" (para 9).
Dec. 2, 2017, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"The proposed [burqa] ban comes as German Chancellor Angela Merkel's government attempts to address public fears surrounding last year's record influx of nearly 1.1 million migrants and refugees, most from predominantly Muslim countries" (para 6).
Dec. 2, 2017, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"There has been increased concern over polygamous marriages in the wake of a rise in the number of migrants arriving in Germany, many from Muslim countries" (para 3). "While polygamy is already banned in Germany, many officials 'turn a blind eye' to migrants who arrive in the country with more than one wife, the newspaper reports. This is also true of forced and underage marriages" (para 4-5).
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In the PRC, women account for between 60% and 70% of all farm labor, in large part due to migratory patterns in which men, more frequently than women, seek employment outside agriculture (de Brauw et al. 2012)"(25)
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In spite of these measures [emergency food assistance], cross-border migration had increased"(56)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:29 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In countries such as Malaysia and Sri Lanka, young women in particular out-migrate to urban centers to work at transnational production sites or free trade zones. Well-documented tensions are often created between the traditional values of the peasant society from which the women originate and the values at industrial sites where they work (Ong 1987)"(22)."Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia)"(22)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:29 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia)"(22)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:29 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Women who are left behind sometimes must shoulder debts incurred to support the migration of men, in addition to coping with and managing household production activities. This may cause women to abandon household production and take up waged labor in their vicinity, as has been seen in Nepal (personal communication, 2013)"(22)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:29 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In countries such as Malaysia and Sri Lanka, young women in particular out-migrate to urban centers to work at transnational production sites or free trade zones. Well-documented tensions are often created between the traditional values of the peasant society from which the women originate and the values at industrial sites where they work (Ong 1987)"(22)."Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999). ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:29 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999). Female migrants formed threequarters of those migrating from Sri Lanka, and over half of those migrating from the Philippines in recent years (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development [UNRISD] 2005). They often become part of heavily segmented employment markets (Salazar Parrenas 2001)"(22-23)