The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-4

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"ROK government and media reports noted that the DPRK also kidnapped other foreign nationals from locations abroad in the 1970s and 1980s. The DPRK continued to deny its involvement in the kidnappings. The ROK Ministry of Unification reported that an estimated 517 of its civilians, abducted or detained by DPRK authorities since the end of the Korean War, remained in the DPRK. South Korean NGOs estimated that during the Korean War the DPRK abducted 20,000 civilians who remained in the North or who have died"(2)
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"After bilateral talks between the DPRK and Japan in May 2014, the DPRK agreed to reopen the investigation into the whereabouts of 12 Japanese citizens believed to have been abducted by the DPRK. The DPRK suspended bilateral negotiations on the abductions issue in April, citing Japan’s move to raise the issue in a UN Human Rights Council resolution. In September the DPRK announced it had completed its reinvestigation and had no new information to report"(2)
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Angola, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, United Arab Emirates
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"There were an estimated 50,000 to 60,000 North Korean citizens working as overseas laborers, primarily in Russia and China. The UN Special Rapporteur on the DPRK noted that, while most were sent to Russia and China to work, they were also reportedly found in Algeria, Angola, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Numerous NGOs noted that these citizens were in conditions of forced labor. NGO reports indicated the laborers were managed by the government as a matter of state policy and were under constant and close surveillance by DPRK security agents. Laborers worked between 12 and 16 hours ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: China, Russia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"There were an estimated 50,000 to 60,000 North Korean citizens working as overseas laborers, primarily in Russia and China. The UN Special Rapporteur on the DPRK noted that, while most were sent to Russia and China to work, they were also reportedly found in Algeria, Angola, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Numerous NGOs noted that these citizens were in conditions of forced labor. NGO reports indicated the laborers were managed by the government as a matter of state policy and were under constant and close surveillance by DPRK security agents. Laborers worked between 12 and 16 hours ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"There were reports of female victims of trafficking among refugees and workers crossing the border [from North Korea] into China"(1)."According to the Hidden Gulag IV report, since late 2008, Jongo-ri (Camp 12) in North Hamkyung Province was expanded to include a women’s annex. Camp 12’s women’s annex holds approximately 1,000 women, most of whom were imprisoned after being repatriated from China. The existence of this women’s annex was corroborated by satellite imagery and defector testimony. Defector testimony cited food rations below subsistence levels, forced labor, and high rates of death due to starvation at Camp 12"(3)."The government [of North Korea] did not allow emigration, and reports stated that it continued ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"There were reports of female victims of trafficking among refugees and workers crossing the border into China"(1)."Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and press reports indicated that border guards had orders to shoot to kill individuals leaving the country without permission"(1)."After bilateral talks between the DPRK and Japan in May 2014, the DPRK agreed to reopen the investigation into the whereabouts of 12 Japanese citizens believed to have been abducted by the DPRK"(2)."ROK government and media reports noted that the DPRK also kidnapped other foreign nationals from locations abroad in the 1970s and 1980s. The DPRK continued to deny its involvement in the kidnappings. The ROK Ministry of Unification reported that an estimated ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Conservative traditions once meant it was not acceptable for Tajik women to work to earn a living, but the situation has changed. Huge numbers of Tajik men travel to Russia as labour migrants each year, leaving many jobs to be filled by women [in Tajikistan]"(para 4)
Nov. 7, 2017, 11 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Conservative traditions once meant it was not acceptable for Tajik women to work to earn a living, but the situation has changed. Huge numbers of Tajik men travel to Russia as labour migrants each year, leaving many jobs to be filled by women"(para 4)
Nov. 7, 2017, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Climate change is making an already tough life even harder for many of the estimated 20 million people now crammed into heaving greater Dhaka. Its population continues to grow at nearly 5 percent a year as migrants - many of whom have lost their farms to worsening erosion, storms and sea-level rise - flood in seeking new work.'If we told them to go back, where would they go?' asked Sirajul Islam, chief urban planner for the Dhaka South City Corporation, which manages the southern half of Dhaka"(para 5-6)
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Some Nubian women have left their region's villages to make their own way, either by completing their studies or seeking out new job opportunities, and have succeeded in integrating into the world outside their societies. Others remain constrained by Nubia's traditional mores and customs. Still others have gradually moved away from those traditions"(para 1)."Regarding the change taking place in the acceptance of women leaving Nubia, she [Asma Mahmoud] said, 'Few Nubians accept the idea of a woman studying or working outside of her environment, though it's commonplace to live abroad with one's husband or first-degree relative'"(para 5)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Nepal has around half a million widows. Many lost their husbands during the war or to HIV. Others were widowed when their husbands died in accidents while working overseas as migrant laborers"(para 13)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"Since 2000, Russia has been hit by 82 suicide bombing attacks involving 125 suicide bombers, at least 52 of whom were women. I know of several families in Dagestan whose young women adopted radical strands of Islam and then converted their siblings and even their fathers. One by one their family members joined the insurgency in Russia and were killed, or are now members of the so-called Islamic State (IS). In the last two years many radical women from the North Caucasus have resettled in areas of Syria and Iraq under IS control"(para 19)
Oct. 2, 2017, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"So far, over 3,000 defendants have passed through their doors. The concept behind the HTIC is to help women caught up in the sex trade, to recover from their experiences, and to exit prostitution. A defendant can be referred to drug treatment or immigrant legal services, as well as being offered general support and counselling. The HTIC is partnered with a large network of counsellors and court advocates, including two that work with the Asian women that make up the majority of the defendants in the Queens courtroom"(para 2)."The majority of the defendants in court [Human Trafficking Intervention Court], the day I observed, were either Latin American, and older, undocumented ...more
Sept. 15, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Robina Jalali was on the first women’s team to compete in 2004 in the Olympics for Afghanistan after the Taliban were toppled. A runner, she was one of two at the 2004 Games. Now the head of women’s sports at the National Olympic Committee, she says that even the foreign embassies are no longer paying much attention.'The main problem is the growing insecurity we have; secondly, violence against women, which is growing. Women are not feeling safe to train,' she said. 'Now we see the youth are just running away from the country, which has changed the mentality of the embassies,' she continued. 'They feel they can’t give a girl ...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:31 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“The focus areas for the BIAAG Urban Programme in Lima are the districts of Carabayllo, Ancon, Puente Piedra, and Ventanilla, all located in North Lima. … There are large numbers of migrant populations in these districts” (22).
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“The focus areas for Hanoi are the Kim Chung commune in Dong Anh district, Phuc Xa ward in the Ba Dinh district, Phuc Tan ward in the Hoan Kiem district, and Nhanh Chinh ward in the Thanh Xuan district. Each area has large migrant populations and populations with a low socioeconomic status” (21).
Aug. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Once they [domestic workers] arrive in Oman, new employers often seize their passports so that they cannot depart when they want, ultimately, denying them their freedom of movement. They are made subject to excessive working hours, sleep deprivation and starvation. Many suffer from verbal or sexual abuse. All too often, the money they work so hard for is denied to them. According to a report by Human Rights Watch, a great number of female migrant domestic workers fall prey to such abusive employment, and become Oman’s modern-day slaves” (para 2-4). “The country’s visa sponsorship system, known as kafala, … make migrant workers highly vulnerable to exploitation. The kafala creates an ...more
Aug. 25, 2017, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

“German authorities say that at least 361 migrants aged under 14 are registered as married" (para 1). “A government response to Green Party lawmakers, stated that a total of 1,475 foreigners under 18 in Germany are officially registered as married — mostly girls. They include 664 Syrians, 157 Afghans and 100 Iraqis. Some 120 were aged 14 or 15, while 994 were 16 or older” (para 5-7).
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Rights groups estimate 30,000 migrants, mostly from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala, are working in bars in shopping streets and red light districts in the bustling city near the Guatemala border [in Mexico] that has become a trafficking hotspot.This includes increasing numbers of women and children fleeing Central America due to the deteriorating situation, said Francesca Fontanini, spokeswoman for U.N. refugee agency UNHCR.UNHCR figures show the number of Central American migrants seeking asylum abroad surged five-fold in the four years to 2015 to around 110,000"(para 2-4)
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"From morning to night, Mexican banda music blares out from the dingy bars in Mexico's southern border city of Tapachula where thousands of Central American women sell sex to fund their dream of reaching the United States.Rights groups estimate 30,000 migrants, mostly from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala, are working in bars in shopping streets and red light districts in the bustling city near the Guatemala border that has become a trafficking hotspot.This includes increasing numbers of women and children fleeing Central America due to the deteriorating situation, said Francesca Fontanini, spokeswoman for U.N. refugee agency UNHCR.UNHCR figures show the number of Central American migrants seeking asylum abroad surged five-fold ...more
June 13, 2017, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: China, Indonesia, Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"[There are] approximately 330,000 domestic helpers from the Philippines and Indonesia who left their homes to find work in Hong Kong…Two-thirds of Hong Kong's helpers are mothers themselves, who feel forced to leave their young children at home so they can work abroad and send money back, to give their families a better future" (p 3, 5)
March 16, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Iraq
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"In 2016, the largest number of migrants arriving in Italy has been Eritreans; the second-largest, Nigerians. Most Africans are economic migrants whose desperate financial conditions generally do not qualify them for refugee status or other forms of protection. Fleeing from conflict, Syrians, Iraqis and Afghanis have a well-founded and legally recognized fear of persecution in their own countries" (para 17).
March 16, 2017, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"The sea routes tacitly reinforce a racist picture of the refugee crisis. A recent New York Times article was headlined, “For Europe, Arab Lives Matter More Than Africans’.” Africans take the Libyan sea route, paying $1,000 to $2,000 to smugglers who pile them into cheap rubber dinghies vulnerable to capsizing. Another major sea route, from Egypt to Italy, is called “the business class” route. It is used by Syrian refugees who pay $3,000 to $5,000 for passage on relatively more seaworthy wooden boats" (para 16). "Fleeing from conflict, Syrians, Iraqis and Afghanis have a well-founded and legally recognized fear of persecution in their own countries" (para 17)more
March 16, 2017, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Gambia, Ghana, Morocco
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"Well known for its earthquakes, Catania is facing a different kind of upheaval, receiving two-thirds of all migrants arriving in Italy. The city has established the largest refugee camp in Europe in the nearby town of Mineo. Depending on the month, Mineo houses 3,000 to 4,000 refugees in residential structures formerly used by the U.S. Army and designed to shelter only 2,000. At the time we visited Mineo, residents included a mix of Eritreans, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Gambians, Moroccans and Bangladeshis. Twenty percent of the residents were female" (para 3).
March 16, 2017, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"Well known for its earthquakes, Catania is facing a different kind of upheaval, receiving two-thirds of all migrants arriving in Italy. The city has established the largest refugee camp in Europe in the nearby town of Mineo. Depending on the month, Mineo houses 3,000 to 4,000 refugees in residential structures formerly used by the U.S. Army and designed to shelter only 2,000. At the time we visited Mineo, residents included a mix of Eritreans, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Gambians, Moroccans and Bangladeshis. Twenty percent of the residents were female" (para 3). "In Catania, I spoke with Efosa (a pseudonym), a male migrant from Nigeria, and asked if he had knowledge of Nigerian ...more
March 16, 2017, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"In Mineo, we spoke with six Nigerian women refugees who had traveled to Libya to board the perilous boats to Italy. Initially, they were hesitant to talk, but then all began to speak at once in a cacophony of conviction about their experiences. All six of these women had been raped during her passage" (para 12). "Since 2012, she has seen an increase in sexual violence, particularly in women arriving on the sea route from Libya. Many of the women she takes care of had made the crossing unaccompanied, having no other choice. Some arrive HIV-positive or with other sexually transmitted infections. Others arrive pregnant, the result of rape during ...more
March 16, 2017, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"In summer, the city draws crowds of tourists, most of whom are unaware that in this season, 2,000 refugees are landing daily on nearby shores. Sixty percent of those arriving in Europe during the first five months of 2016 were women and children, many fleeing physical and sexual violence in their countries—only to encounter worse on their journeys" (para 1). "Well known for its earthquakes, Catania is facing a different kind of upheaval, receiving two-thirds of all migrants arriving in Italy. The city has established the largest refugee camp in Europe in the nearby town of Mineo. Depending on the month, Mineo houses 3,000 to 4,000 refugees in residential structures ...more
March 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Media reported a number of incidents of rape involving the many recent migrants and refugees. Some observers cited the disproportionate number of men in some of the refugee shelters, cramped living conditions, and lack of privacy, as contributing to the problem" (17).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Legal and societal discrimination against persons of Palestinian origin remained widespread. The government restricted labor rights and local and international human rights organizations reported frequent abuse of foreign domestic workers” (1). “The governors may prolong detentions; some migrants were administratively detained for several months without charges. Governors used this provision widely, including to incarcerate women allegedly to protect them from becoming potential victims of honor crimes, although the detainees posed no threat to public safety” (8). “As of the end of the year, the government, in cooperation with UNHCR, reported more than 633,000 registered Syrian refugees, and hundreds of thousands of additional nonrefugee Syrians in the country. In addition UNHCR ...more
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4

“While the government did not keep specific statistics of migrant laborers in Georgia, during the year the Public Services Development Agency issued 7,391 work residence permits and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued 3,408 work visas. According to the International Organization for Migration, most migrant workers in the country were either employed at large, foreign-financed projects where they lived at the worksite, or arrived in the country without previously secured employment” (52).