The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-4

Sept. 15, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Robina Jalali was on the first women’s team to compete in 2004 in the Olympics for Afghanistan after the Taliban were toppled. A runner, she was one of two at the 2004 Games. Now the head of women’s sports at the National Olympic Committee, she says that even the foreign embassies are no longer paying much attention.'The main problem is the growing insecurity we have; secondly, violence against women, which is growing. Women are not feeling safe to train,' she said. 'Now we see the youth are just running away from the country, which has changed the mentality of the embassies,' she continued. 'They feel they can’t give a girl ...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:31 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“The focus areas for the BIAAG Urban Programme in Lima are the districts of Carabayllo, Ancon, Puente Piedra, and Ventanilla, all located in North Lima. … There are large numbers of migrant populations in these districts” (22).
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“The focus areas for Hanoi are the Kim Chung commune in Dong Anh district, Phuc Xa ward in the Ba Dinh district, Phuc Tan ward in the Hoan Kiem district, and Nhanh Chinh ward in the Thanh Xuan district. Each area has large migrant populations and populations with a low socioeconomic status” (21).
Aug. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Once they [domestic workers] arrive in Oman, new employers often seize their passports so that they cannot depart when they want, ultimately, denying them their freedom of movement. They are made subject to excessive working hours, sleep deprivation and starvation. Many suffer from verbal or sexual abuse. All too often, the money they work so hard for is denied to them. According to a report by Human Rights Watch, a great number of female migrant domestic workers fall prey to such abusive employment, and become Oman’s modern-day slaves” (para 2-4). “The country’s visa sponsorship system, known as kafala, … make migrant workers highly vulnerable to exploitation. The kafala creates an ...more
Aug. 25, 2017, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

“German authorities say that at least 361 migrants aged under 14 are registered as married" (para 1). “A government response to Green Party lawmakers, stated that a total of 1,475 foreigners under 18 in Germany are officially registered as married — mostly girls. They include 664 Syrians, 157 Afghans and 100 Iraqis. Some 120 were aged 14 or 15, while 994 were 16 or older” (para 5-7).
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Rights groups estimate 30,000 migrants, mostly from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala, are working in bars in shopping streets and red light districts in the bustling city near the Guatemala border [in Mexico] that has become a trafficking hotspot.This includes increasing numbers of women and children fleeing Central America due to the deteriorating situation, said Francesca Fontanini, spokeswoman for U.N. refugee agency UNHCR.UNHCR figures show the number of Central American migrants seeking asylum abroad surged five-fold in the four years to 2015 to around 110,000"(para 2-4)
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"From morning to night, Mexican banda music blares out from the dingy bars in Mexico's southern border city of Tapachula where thousands of Central American women sell sex to fund their dream of reaching the United States.Rights groups estimate 30,000 migrants, mostly from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala, are working in bars in shopping streets and red light districts in the bustling city near the Guatemala border that has become a trafficking hotspot.This includes increasing numbers of women and children fleeing Central America due to the deteriorating situation, said Francesca Fontanini, spokeswoman for U.N. refugee agency UNHCR.UNHCR figures show the number of Central American migrants seeking asylum abroad surged five-fold ...more
June 13, 2017, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: China, Indonesia, Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"[There are] approximately 330,000 domestic helpers from the Philippines and Indonesia who left their homes to find work in Hong Kong…Two-thirds of Hong Kong's helpers are mothers themselves, who feel forced to leave their young children at home so they can work abroad and send money back, to give their families a better future" (p 3, 5)
March 16, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Iraq
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"In 2016, the largest number of migrants arriving in Italy has been Eritreans; the second-largest, Nigerians. Most Africans are economic migrants whose desperate financial conditions generally do not qualify them for refugee status or other forms of protection. Fleeing from conflict, Syrians, Iraqis and Afghanis have a well-founded and legally recognized fear of persecution in their own countries" (para 17).
March 16, 2017, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"The sea routes tacitly reinforce a racist picture of the refugee crisis. A recent New York Times article was headlined, “For Europe, Arab Lives Matter More Than Africans’.” Africans take the Libyan sea route, paying $1,000 to $2,000 to smugglers who pile them into cheap rubber dinghies vulnerable to capsizing. Another major sea route, from Egypt to Italy, is called “the business class” route. It is used by Syrian refugees who pay $3,000 to $5,000 for passage on relatively more seaworthy wooden boats" (para 16). "Fleeing from conflict, Syrians, Iraqis and Afghanis have a well-founded and legally recognized fear of persecution in their own countries" (para 17)more
March 16, 2017, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Gambia, Ghana, Morocco
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"Well known for its earthquakes, Catania is facing a different kind of upheaval, receiving two-thirds of all migrants arriving in Italy. The city has established the largest refugee camp in Europe in the nearby town of Mineo. Depending on the month, Mineo houses 3,000 to 4,000 refugees in residential structures formerly used by the U.S. Army and designed to shelter only 2,000. At the time we visited Mineo, residents included a mix of Eritreans, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Gambians, Moroccans and Bangladeshis. Twenty percent of the residents were female" (para 3).
March 16, 2017, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"Well known for its earthquakes, Catania is facing a different kind of upheaval, receiving two-thirds of all migrants arriving in Italy. The city has established the largest refugee camp in Europe in the nearby town of Mineo. Depending on the month, Mineo houses 3,000 to 4,000 refugees in residential structures formerly used by the U.S. Army and designed to shelter only 2,000. At the time we visited Mineo, residents included a mix of Eritreans, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Gambians, Moroccans and Bangladeshis. Twenty percent of the residents were female" (para 3). "In Catania, I spoke with Efosa (a pseudonym), a male migrant from Nigeria, and asked if he had knowledge of Nigerian ...more
March 16, 2017, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"In Mineo, we spoke with six Nigerian women refugees who had traveled to Libya to board the perilous boats to Italy. Initially, they were hesitant to talk, but then all began to speak at once in a cacophony of conviction about their experiences. All six of these women had been raped during her passage" (para 12). "Since 2012, she has seen an increase in sexual violence, particularly in women arriving on the sea route from Libya. Many of the women she takes care of had made the crossing unaccompanied, having no other choice. Some arrive HIV-positive or with other sexually transmitted infections. Others arrive pregnant, the result of rape during ...more
March 16, 2017, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CWC-DATA-4

"In summer, the city draws crowds of tourists, most of whom are unaware that in this season, 2,000 refugees are landing daily on nearby shores. Sixty percent of those arriving in Europe during the first five months of 2016 were women and children, many fleeing physical and sexual violence in their countries—only to encounter worse on their journeys" (para 1). "Well known for its earthquakes, Catania is facing a different kind of upheaval, receiving two-thirds of all migrants arriving in Italy. The city has established the largest refugee camp in Europe in the nearby town of Mineo. Depending on the month, Mineo houses 3,000 to 4,000 refugees in residential structures ...more
March 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Media reported a number of incidents of rape involving the many recent migrants and refugees. Some observers cited the disproportionate number of men in some of the refugee shelters, cramped living conditions, and lack of privacy, as contributing to the problem" (17).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Legal and societal discrimination against persons of Palestinian origin remained widespread. The government restricted labor rights and local and international human rights organizations reported frequent abuse of foreign domestic workers” (1). “The governors may prolong detentions; some migrants were administratively detained for several months without charges. Governors used this provision widely, including to incarcerate women allegedly to protect them from becoming potential victims of honor crimes, although the detainees posed no threat to public safety” (8). “As of the end of the year, the government, in cooperation with UNHCR, reported more than 633,000 registered Syrian refugees, and hundreds of thousands of additional nonrefugee Syrians in the country. In addition UNHCR ...more
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4

“While the government did not keep specific statistics of migrant laborers in Georgia, during the year the Public Services Development Agency issued 7,391 work residence permits and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued 3,408 work visas. According to the International Organization for Migration, most migrant workers in the country were either employed at large, foreign-financed projects where they lived at the worksite, or arrived in the country without previously secured employment” (52).
Jan. 3, 2017, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“The government provided assistance to Haitian migrants who entered the country in hope of securing employment and relief from economic conditions in Haiti. The government continued to issue humanitarian visas to Haitians entering the country in search of employment. The visas entitle them to receive health and social assistance, the right to work, and the right to remain for up to five years” (10). “Cases of forced labor were also reported in the garment industry in the city of Sao Paulo; the victims were often from neighboring countries, particularly Bolivia, Peru, and Paraguay, while others came from Haiti and China” (24). “Sub-standard working conditions of Bolivian immigrants in the garment ...more
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

“Lengthy delays in the judicial system and inadequate government programs for integrating migrants were the most significant human rights problem. Other problems included violence against women, child abuse, trafficking in persons, societal racial discrimination, forced labor, and substandard work conditions for irregular migrants. The government took steps to investigate, prosecute, and punish officials who committed abuses, whether in security services or elsewhere in the government” (1). “Authorities reported that undocumented migrants and asylum-seekers spent an average of two months in detention. As of September, two persons were in closed centers. Usually within less than two weeks after their detention, authorities moved “vulnerable individuals,” such as children, pregnant women, elderly persons, ...more
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“During the year a flood of migrants and refugees into the country overwhelmed the government’s capability to adjudicate their claims for asylum in a timely manner” (1). “Migrants and refugees lived in often inadequate or substandard shelters for extended periods and were vulnerable to forced labor and other abuses; unaccompanied minors were particularly at risk” (1). “During the year high numbers of migrants and refugees arrived in the country, overwhelming the system for granting asylum. Between January 1 and November 27, the government received 62,917 requests for asylum and granted asylum or some form of legal protection to 26,767 persons. The flows of migrants and refugees arriving by boat from ...more
Dec. 30, 2016, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"FGM/C has gained attention in the United States in part because of the rising number of immigrants from countries where FGM/C is prevalent, especially sub-Saharan Africa. Between 2000 and 2013, the foreign-born population from Africa more than doubled, from 881,000 to 1.8 million" (para 5). "In fiscal year 2014, one-fourth of the 70,000 refugees arriving in the United States were from Africa" (10)
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:32 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"He [a source in the Central Department of Statistics and Information] also said the number of non-Saudi men is much higher than the number of non-Saudi women in the Kingdom. 'There are more than 10 million non-Saudis in the Kingdom. Only 3.2 million of them are women,' said the source" (Para 3-4).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In no way does domicile registration in the Republic of Uzbekistan encroach on a citizen’s right to freedom of movement or choice of residence in the territory of the Republic, with the exception of locales closed to visiting (such as the frontier zone), to which entry is permitted on the basis of certain documents (passes). Domicile registration is useful in recording population migration, and its data are employed in the national economy and the social sphere; it is used to prevent and fight crime and to find individuals who are hiding from the courts or investigation or who have not paid support or are debtors in suits filed by legal ...more
Nov. 3, 2016, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Cultural defense is riding a new wave of popularity because of the huge influx of Asians from diverse cultural backgrounds into the United States in the last 15 years. The immigration has introduced to American courts such foreign customs as the Hmong zij poj niam and the Japanese oyako-shinju , or 'parent-child suicide' (1).
Nov. 3, 2016, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Cultural defense is riding a new wave of popularity because of the huge influx of Asians from diverse cultural backgrounds into the United States in the last 15 years. The immigration has introduced to American courts such foreign customs as the Hmong zij poj niam and the Japanese oyako-shinju , or 'parent-child suicide' (1).
Sept. 17, 2016, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, CLCW-LAW-2

"The Constitution of Barbados guarantees men and women the same rights to freedom of movement and during the period under review women in the teaching and nursing professions in Barbados have migrated to North America and the Caribbean in large numbers as they seek to improve their living standards. In many instances they were often times accompanied by their spouses and children. This active recruitment has allowed women to take up appointments in various areas of endeavour as there are no legal restrictions to their movement" (43)
Sept. 7, 2016, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Problems that touch upon the personality and dignity of the female immigrants are also recorded in the responses, such as adverse discrimination (27%) and sexual harassment (12%)" (7)
July 28, 2016, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“In diamond-rich Lunda Norte Province, NGOs and the media reported several acts of violence and degrading treatment, including rape and sexual abuse of Congolese migrants. In response to the allegations of sexual violence, President dos Santos created a commission that included UN representatives to improve the situation around the borders. The commission performed regular verification missions to assess progress at the border crossing points” (17).
July 27, 2016, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Across the country, some 400,000 women, mostly immigrants, work in agriculture, toiling in fields, nurseries and packing plants. Such work is backbreaking and low-paying. But for many of these women, it is also a nightmare of sexual violence. In a 2010 study from the University of California, Santa Cruz, more than 60 percent of the 150 female farmworkers interviewed said they had experienced some form of sexual harassment. In a 2012 report, Human Rights Watch surveyed 52 female farmworkers; nearly all of them had experienced sexual violence, or knew others who had. One woman told investigators that her workplace was called the 'field de calzón,' or 'field of panties.' As ...more
July 27, 2016, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"Feedback from the Town Hall meetings indicates a concern about the vulnerability of undocumented women as possible victims of trafficking, and manipulation and control. There is great concern that the violence these actions imply needs to be addressed in respect of the women involved, and also in respect of the fall-out in terms of violence against women in the society as a whole. Members of the public held that the Barbados Government also has a burden of care for undocumented women despite their legal migration status (see response to Committee Comment 236)" (23)