The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-4

June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In localities with large populations of migrant workers, officials specifically targeted migrant women to ensure that they did not exceed birth limitations. Minorities in some provinces, however, were entitled to higher limits on their family size" (55). "The gap in education quality for rural and urban youth remained extensive, with many children of migrant workers attending unlicensed and poorly equipped schools" (57).
June 11, 2019, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Migrants credibly accused police and immigration officers of excessive force and warrantless searches, as well as frequent solicitations of bribes by immigration officials. Widespread bias against migrants, particularly those of Haitian descent, continued" (9). "The announced intent of the agreement was to reduce the amount of time Cuban migrants spent in detention; however, concerns persisted that it also allowed for information sharing that heightened the risk of persecution of detainees and their families" (9). "Members of the Haitian community complained of discrimination in the job market, specifically that identity and work-permit documents were controlled by employers seeking advantage by threat of deportation" (14). "Undocumented migrants were vulnerable to forced labor,...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"NGOs reported refugees from Syria and foreign migrant workers, including garment workers and domestic workers, were especially vulnerable to gender-based violence, including sexual harassment and sexual assault, in the workplace" (31).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Women immigrants expressed concerns in relation to difficulties in regularization of immigrants in Cabo Verde and obstacles for health services (costs, language and taboos linked to maternity, family planning, STI), recognizing the importance of using to SRH services, especially for giving birth. Out of the 23 integration projects supported by the General Directorate for Immigration under the PISI project, from 2013 to 2017, 46 per cent of beneficiaries were women and 4 civil society project from 2015/2016 specifically targeted the economic empowerment of immigrant women: the NGO African Renaissance — Association of West African Women implemented an Intercultural Facilitation Project targeting 30 immigrant women, including their training as kitchen assistants...more
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"An initiative to approach Austrian female nationals with a migrant background and encourage them to take up a job in law enforcement was launched ten years ago. A project that aims to enhance and extend the dialogue between police and civil society representatives was started in 2008. Moreover, the platform Civil Society Dialogue allows representatives from the Ministry of the Interior to discuss relevant topics with representatives from victim protection centres, intervention centres, the culture association of Austrian Romani, the organisation Schwarze Frauen Community (Black Women Community), the Austrian UNHCR office and the Islamic religious community" (18). "The initiative on adult education provides the opportunity to complete basic education and...more
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned about the situation of undocumented migrant women, especially pregnant women and women with small children, in detention centres" (12).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"(d) The risk of non-reporting of domestic violence against migrant women owing to their dependence on their partners for residence permits;" (8). ""It further regrets that 75 per cent of parental leave is still taken by women and that migrant women, women belonging to minority groups, refugee women and women with disabilities have limited access to the labour market" (10). "In addition, the Committee expresses concern that the health needs of women with disabilities are not being sufficiently identified and addressed and that minority and migrant women sometimes encounter difficulties in gaining access to sexual and reproductive health services and information" (11).
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Committee notes with concern that migrant women from countries outside the European Union are excluded from public health insurance" (9). "The Committee notes the establishment of a grant programme to provide support to civil society actors working on discrimination against women, including disadvantaged women. The Committee nevertheless reiterates its concern about the marginalized situation of some disadvantaged groups of women, in particular Roma women, migrant women and women with disabilities, who face intersecting forms of discrimination in all areas of political, economic and social life, including participation in decision-making, education, employment and health" (10). "The Committee notes with concern that the right of migrant women, in particular those from...more
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Intensify efforts to combat stereotypes against Muslim women, migrant women and women asylum seekers, who are targets of hate speech and racially motivated violence in the State party" (6). "It is further concerned by the remaining obstacles that women of migrant origin face in various fields, including intersecting forms of discrimination, notwithstanding the efforts made by the State party to integrate them" (12).
May 24, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"There were a number of undocumented migrants in the country, particularly from Vietnam and China" (p. 24).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The limited information and education projects on harmful practices available to ethnic minority and migrant women in particular, along with the inadequate training of health and social services professionals and the lack of adequately provisioned counselling services throughout the State party" (7). "The limited access of migrant, refugee and asylum-seeking women and women with disabilities to the formal labour market" (13). "The difficulty that undocumented migrants have in gaining access to non-emergency health care, while attempts to obtain the documentation necessary for non-emergency health services often lead to the claimant being reported to the authorities and subsequently deported" (14). "The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to facilitate...more
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"According to the Bureau of Statistics, the migration within the country is dominated by women and ‘the preponderance of females in the migration process may be explained by the avocation of gender equality in the country, where women’s traditional role mainly in home duties has been decreasing, and women are now competing with men in job places'" (9).
April 24, 2019, 8:54 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"According to the government, Serbia was a transit country through which a very large, mixed flow of migrants and asylum seekers traveled to Western Europe . . . According to the Ministry of Interior and UNHCR, as of October, on average, 5,000 (and up to 10,000) migrants and asylum seekers were entering and exiting the country daily. In response the government opened two reception centers in southern Serbia, with the capacity to register and process 6,000 migrants per day and provide accommodations for up to 40 women and children. The government also opened a reception center in Kanjiza, near the border with Hungary, which could accommodate 1,000 persons" (page 14-15).more
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In June the government announced it would issue A/5 humanitarian visas to 200 Sudanese migrants from Darfur. While this represented an improvement over the 2A5 'conditional release' status, NGOs cautioned that even these 200 migrants would continue to lack the full protections of refugee status. In February the Population and Immigration Authority issued new guidelines to RSD adjudicators to increase their sensitivity to gender problems" (27).
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Oman has a large number of female migrant workers from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and the Philippines, many of whom are employed as domestic workers. NGOs based outside of Oman, such as Human Rights Watch, and embassies of labor-sending countries allege that domestic workers face discrimination, to include physical, sexual, and psychological abuse" (10). "Some men and women from South and Southeast Asia, employed as domestic workers or low-skilled workers in the construction, agriculture, and service sectors, faced working conditions indicative of forced labor, including withholding of passports, restrictions on movement, usurious recruitment fees, nonpayment of wages, long working hours without food or rest, threats, and...more
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Migrant female workers were particularly vulnerable to sexual violence" (page 51). "Although public schools were not allowed to charge tuition, many schools continued to charge miscellaneous fees because they received insufficient local and central government funding. Such fees and other school-related expenses made it difficult for poorer families and some migrant workers to send their children to school . . . The government reported that nearly 20 million children of migrant laborers followed their parents to urban areas. Denied access to state-run schools, most children of migrant workers who attended school did so at unlicensed and poorly equipped schools" (page 59).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, CLCW-LAW-1

"In December 2016 the government launched the second phase of its migrant regularization program to provide legal status to migrants in exceptional circumstances. The program, similar to the 2014 campaign, grants legal status to foreign spouses and children of citizens and other legal residents of the country, as well as individuals with at least five years of residence in the country, a valid work contract, or chronic illness. As of October, 22,986 individuals had received status under the program, of the more than 25,000 requests submitted. Migrants and refugees may obtain Moroccan nationality if they meet the legal requirements of the Nationality Law and submit a request to the Ministry...more
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In accordance with agreements with the Economic Community of West African States on freedom of movement, the government allows West Africans to remain in the country for up to three months, after which they must apply for residency or work permits. Migrants determined to be illegally seeking to reach Spain’s nearby Canary Islands were deported. According to the Ministry of Interior and Decentralization, immigration officials returned 4,600 migrants to their countries of origin between January 1 and September 4" (page 13).
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Trade unionists reported cases of forced labor during the year among migrant workers involving passport confiscation, underpayment of wages, substandard living conditions, lack of clearly defined work titles, denial of meal allowances, and deportation. There were nearly 35,000 migrant workers in the country, mainly from Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, China, and Madagascar. Additionally, Malagasy women reportedly transited the country while traveling to other countries, where employers subjected them to forced labor conditions" (para 85).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: CWC-DATA-4, CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about the persisting barriers to birth registration, especially in rural areas and among indigenous communities and communities of African descent. It is also concerned about the lack of information provided on the steps taken to ensure that children in border areas and children in a migratory situation, including unaccompanied children participating in return programmes, have access to birth registration and personal document" (10).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In 2013 the Lao Government submitted the Additional Report to answer the question in the Concluding Observation paragraph 43. In addition to clarifying in the Additional Report, the Lao Government has continued to attach importance to protecting the rights and benefits of migrant workers who have migrated to work in other countries with details as follows: In 2013, the Lao Government adopted the Amended Law on Labour which has 2 new articles on protection of migrant women workers: Article 66 provides that the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare has the duty to administer Lao labour working abroad in cooperation with the relevant agencies. In cases where it is deemed...more
Jan. 4, 2019, 12:17 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"German authorities are debating the contours of a new law that would crack down on child marriages after it emerged that some 1,500 underage brides are now living in the country. The married minors are among the more than one million migrants from Africa, Asia and the Middle East who entered Germany in 2015" (para 1-2). "Most of the married children are from Syria (664), Afghanistan (157) and Iraq (100). Nearly 80% (1,152) are girls. The true number of child marriages in Germany is believed to be much higher than the official statistics suggest because many are being concealed" (para 4). "The case came about after the couple arrived at...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 9:02 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"As of 2017, Denmark's housing ministry said non-Western immigrants made up 66.5 percent of ghetto populace. . . Around half a million are from Muslim backgrounds, a group that swelled with Afghan, Iraqi and Syrian refugees crossing Europe, according to New York Times. . . Last week, Denmark voted to ban the niqab and burqa, becoming the fifth European country to pass such a law" (para 10-18).
Dec. 21, 2018, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

Graph 24 shows the 10 largest migrant communities in Chile in 2014. The largest influx comes from Peru, that represent 31.7% of the migrant population, followed by Argentina with 16.3%, Bolivia with 8.8%, Colombia with 6.1%, Ecuador with 4.7%, Spain with 3.5%, United States with 3.1%, Brazil with 3%, Venezuela and China both with 1.9%. Migrants from other countries represent 19.1% of the migrant population (23).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Between 17,000 and 22,000 immigrants, mostly from ECOWAS countries, were working in the country. Most were men, but the number of immigrant women increased during the year… It was common for companies not to honor migrant workers’ rights regarding contracts, especially concerning deductions for social security" (19).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Migrant... Indian women and girls who worked in domestic service or as caregivers were vulnerable to forced labor... approximately 54,000 migrants worked in the country, mostly from India... girls who worked as domestic servants and entertainers in 'drayungs' (karaoke bars) were subjected to labor trafficking through debt and threats of physical abuse. The NAHRC conducted an investigation into drayungs and found no evidence of trafficking or forced labor" (17).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The individual and combined impact of these factors causes economic hardship for families who have to pay for education, health, and basic services. This leads families, and especially women and girls, to seek economic opportunities abroad. Women and girls travelling to Thailand, China, Singapore, and Malaysia are often exploited when they arrive and sold to the sex industry or domestic work" (page 8).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls. Reported cases were primarily filed by recent immigrants or asylum seekers. Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C" (9).
Nov. 9, 2018, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"An alarming rise in child marriages has been seen among the most vulnerable Syrian refugee populations in Lebanon, according to a newly completed survey conducted by UNFPA, the American University of Beirut and Sawa for Development and Aid" (para 1). "Among refugee girls currently between ages 15 and 17, some 24 per cent are married" (para 3). "Before the Syrian conflict, child marriage would not have been a reality for Iman and her family, as it was a significantly less common practice. Some estimates show that child marriage rates are four times higher among Syrian refugees today [in Lebanon] than among Syrians before the crisis. This skyrocketing rate can be...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"An alarming rise in child marriages has been seen among the most vulnerable Syrian refugee populations in Lebanon, according to a newly completed survey conducted by UNFPA, the American University of Beirut and Sawa for Development and Aid" (para 1). "Among refugee girls currently between ages 15 and 17, some 24 per cent are married" (para 3). "Before the Syrian conflict, child marriage would not have been a reality for Iman and her family, as it was a significantly less common practice. Some estimates show that child marriage rates are four times higher among Syrian refugees today [in Lebanon] than among Syrians before the crisis. This skyrocketing rate can be...more