The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DMW-PRACTICE-2

Aug. 23, 2017, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

“Girls from ethnic groups where initiation rites, female genital mutilation and traditional dances are widespread are more at risk of child marriage. By initiating girls into ‘womanhood’, these rituals are used to prepare girls for marriage. Once performed, marriage often quickly follows” (para 7). “The survey also sheds light on rituals specific to certain tribes. Among the Sukuma, for instance, when girls turn 12, they are taken to a traditional healer for medicine that will enhance their chances of attracting male partners” (para 8).
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"In a remote, deeply traditional corner of southern Kenya, thousands of young Maasai girls wearing black and white robes and with blood sprinkled on their foreheads dance in the light of dawn. Loudly, enthusiastically, they sing traditional songs with the support of a choir and gifted drummers. In the town of Entasopia, the girls are undergoing a rite of passage that resembles the tribe’s customary coming-of-age ceremony—but without the usual horror of genital mutilation. 'I am very happy because I will not be married off at this age,' says 12-year-old Joan Siyuama as she drinks raw blood from a slaughtered bull to signify her ascendance to adulthood after participating in ...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"And most shockingly, here in Nsanje, teenage girls, after their first menstruation, are made to have sex over a three-day period, to mark their passage from childhood to womanhood" (para 4). "An hour's drive down the road, I'm introduced to Fagisi, Chrissie and Phelia, women in their 50s and custodians of the initiation traditions in their village. It's their job to organise the adolescent girls into camps each year, teaching them about their duties as wives and how to please a man sexually. The 'sexual cleansing' with the hyena is the final stage of this process, arranged voluntarily by the girl's parents. It's necessary, Fagisi, Chrissie and Phelia explain, 'to ...more
Nov. 11, 2016, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"An edge of bitter pain cuts through [Peninnah] Tombo's placid voice as she recounts the night nearly 50 years ago that she and other youngsters, both girls and boys, were sent off to be cut. There was much beer drinking, feasting and laughter.Her head was shaved in preparation for the ritual, which is considered necessary to curb promiscuity among girls and makes them eligible to marry. Terrified, she didn't sleep that night, kept awake by loud singing. Around 3 a.m., the boys and girls were stripped naked and forced to walk three miles through the scrub to a cold stream, where they were told to bathe.They began cutting the older ...more
Aug. 24, 2016, 3:16 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, PHBP-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-2

"The ensuing samba ritual involves cutting cruciform nicks into the girl's chest and hands with a razor to not only help cleanse her of her bad luck, but to make her more attractive to older men" (para 10).
April 6, 2016, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"Society in Guinea-Bissau is deeply patriarchal and authority is perceived to reside with the father as head of the family. Polygamy remains a common practice. Concerning inheritance, customary law applied by certain ethnic groups is particularly discriminatory against women, allowing inheritance only from father to son" (2)
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

""There are no such practices here in Ukraine." Lada Usova" (16)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"As a result, under Islamic law, marriage is defined as a contract that establishes a set of default rights and obligations for each party, some supported by legal force, others by moral sanction; those with legal force concern sexual access and compensation and are embodied in two legal concepts: tamkin (obedience or submission) and nafaqah (maintenance). The wife loses her claim to maintenance if she is in a state of nushuz (disobedience). She is obliged not to do anything that denies, or interferes with, her husband’s rights. Therefore, for example, she is not allowed to leave home without her husband’s permission, for it may conflict with her duty to meet ...more
Feb. 25, 2016, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"The pain is from the razor blade without any medication. Those women who have shared their stories and from experience say that the pain from FGM is worse than that of giving birth because of the veins that are cut (in the clitoris). The girls are not prepared for the cut/ceremony. It’s not like the boys who are prepared by the whole community"(para 6)."Most of the girls go through the cut as a cultural practice and a rite of passage. They just know that they have to go through it. Many girls would like to say NO but only a few, so far, have succeeded to stay without being cut ...more
July 30, 2015, 12:28 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"...‘cutting’ [female genital mutilation] has been a brutal rite of passage for young girls since the time of the pharaohs" (p 7)
May 28, 2015, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"The formal rites of passage occur during the first fast after puberty. For girls to become women, traditional caftan clothes and kohl powder eyeliner. For boys to become men, they wear the traditional Djellaba" (12)
April 15, 2015, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"Hina Matsuri, or Doll Festival, is celebrated on March 3 in Japan. Parents celebrate their daughters' happiness, growth, and good health on this day…. There is a superstition about hina dolls. If a girl does not put away the dolls quickly after the Hina Festival, then she will not get married for a long time" (para 1,3)
April 4, 2015, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"There is no real 'rite of passage' for Bahamian males or females. A number of events in the Bahamian society usually qualifies a Bahamian male and female as an adult, these include: graduating from high school, getting a drivers’ license, voting, going to college, and holding a job. Men are still considered the 'head of the home'. Generally, women are submissive to their husbands, and men are expected to be dominant" (1)
Nov. 19, 2014, 1:34 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

“…at the time they [Maasai girls] reach puberty they are prepared actually for marriage. The undergo through the female genital cutting, which is a horrible practice that happens to them. And after that, she is married.” This excerpt occurs at 0:57 and is stated by activist Kakenya Ntaiya (Coder Comment-SPS)
Sept. 2, 2014, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DMW-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-2

“Ms. Safiatu Singhateh observed that FGM/C in southern Africa presents itself in different ways. These practices are described by WHO as Type IV. Stretching of the clitoris and/or the labia using various means is one of the practices. The elongation of the clitoris and the labia minora is common in central and southern African regions. The manner in which this is done varies from country to country, some of which are equally hazardous to health. Another practice is the introduction of corrosive substances or herbs into the vagina with the aim of tightening or narrowing. This may or may not be a rite of passage, but it is common throughout ...more
Aug. 19, 2014, 12:12 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"'Battered immigrant women often feel isolated from their communities, both domestically and internationally. Moreover, foreign-born women are frequently uniformed, unfamiliar with or simply confused about, their legal rights and the social services available to them in the United States,' says the American University Washington School of Law. 'This is due, in part, to the lack of interactions between immigrant victims and governmnet agencies. Unfortunately, too often both, governmental and non-governmental agencies that help to redress domestic violence are not prepared to meet te diverse needs of battered immigrant women,' adds the School of Law" (para. 9-10)
June 11, 2014, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

“It emerged that most of the respondents believed that FGM changes the status of girls in their communities from being young girls to young women who are eligible to be married. The majority believed that uncircumcised girls are unable to cook, clean, and are unsure of how to act as women” (8).
March 26, 2013, 8:24 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

KURDISTAN: "While internationally recognized as a form of violence against women and girls, the tragedy is that FGM is perpetuated by mothers, aunts and other women who love and want the best for their children, who see the practice as ensuring that girls are marriageable, are conforming to the tenets of Islam, and are growing up to be respectable and respected members of Kurdish society" (4)
March 18, 2013, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

“Circumcision among males is practiced in many communities in Lesotho and often serves as a rite of passage to adulthood. This is confirmed by the 2009 LDHS, which shows that 52 percent of men age 15-59 in Lesotho are circumcised and only 4 percent were circumcised when younger than age 13” (xxiii). “Table 12.11 shows that 52 percent of men age 15-49 in Lesotho are circumcised. Men age 15-19 are the least likely to have been circumcised (27 percent) compared with older men (about six in ten men). This could indicate a decline in the practice, although it is also possible that some young men may not yet have gone ...more
Feb. 18, 2013, 3 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"A key moment in a boy’s life is the time when he learns the 'rules of manhood'. This traditionally happens during the male circumcision ceremony, when boys are exposed to highly gendered messages about what it means to be a man. Working with spiritual leaders has proven paramount in opening a new space for dialogue, in teaching boys different lessons about manhood: boys become men by seeing and supporting women as human beings" (para 11)
March 14, 2012, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

""In 1997, research was undertaken by the Chadian Association for Family Welfare (ASTBEF) on female initiation practices in the middle Chari region. Harmful traditional practices on which the consensus-building workshop of reproductive health focused in 1999 included female genital mutilation, dietary taboos and violence against women. To these must be added early and forced marriages" (38)
Sept. 16, 2011, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"No, there aren’t any rites, except for those practiced by the indigenous communities, such as enclosing the girls for some days or making special dances when they first menstruate. For example in the “Motilón Community” when a boy is able to subsist by his own, his father invites only the men of the family to a special meeting and in their presence he gives him a “guayuco” (loincloth) as they sing of becoming an adult. For the girls it isn’t a special meeting, but the mother gives the girl the “faldilla” (skirt) to start using it, and from then on it is understood that the girl can be asked in ...more
Feb. 10, 2011, 1:06 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"But the Sabiny are unfazed by this law. The vice-chairman of Bukwo district, John Chelangat, says over 200 girls are being prepared for the practice beginning on December 1 and neither he nor other political leaders are able to stop it. The men like it because circumcised women are less interested in sex and are, therefore, less likely to have extramarital affairs. The girls do not want to be considered outcasts, so they go for the knife. "This is a very sensitive period and no politician will talk about abolishing FGM because we shall lose votes. Myself, I will not talk about FGM because I know this will land me ...more
Nov. 29, 2010, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"When a woman is stolen here, families rarely contact the police - instead, they go to their village imam." (para 19)
Nov. 3, 2010, 7:57 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"Gender roles are perpetuated through initiation rites, which, according to tradition, represent the passage from adolescence to adulthood. Indeed, initiation rites for girls are regarded as the most valid form of education because they prepare young girls for their role as wives and mothers. As a result, young girls are forced into leaving school and early marriages. Early marriages remain frequent, especially in rural areas" (Section: Customary Law)
Nov. 5, 2009, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

“Some countries like Kenya have introduced alternative rites of passage for the girls and some offer housing for the girls to keep them from getting circumcised. For the Intervention programmes to work well male involvement is vital” (46).
Oct. 24, 2009, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"The Han people held the guan and ji ceremonies to signify coming-of-age. . . The female equivalent ritual, also held in the ancestral temple, was called the ji ceremony, which took place when a young woman reached the age of 15. On that day her hair would be gathered up and fastened with the ji, or hairpin and she would also be given a grown-up name. China's ethnic minorities have spectacular coming of age ceremonies" (Para. 3, 4, 5). JF-Also includes rites of passage for ethnic minorities in China (CODERS COMMENT).