The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DSFMF-LAW-1

Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery is illegal for both women and men, although the penalty differs. Under civil law the husband can receive only a fine for adultery, while the wife can receive a prison sentence" (23, 24).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (page 41).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Ashraf Fayadh, a Saudi resident of Palestinian origin, continued to serve an eight- year prison term and suffered 800 lashes in February 2016 after a Saudi appellate court upheld the Abha General Court’s verdict finding him guilty of apostasy, spreading atheism, threatening the morals of Saudi society, and having illicit relations with women" (6) He is a male, law applies to men and women (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"By law if a man and a woman separately commit the same criminal act of adultery, the woman’s punishment is double that of the man’s" (Pg 46).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The law treats any sexual contact outside a legally recognized marriage as a crime. The penalty for violating this law is 100 lashes if the offender is not married (fornication) and stoning to death if the offender is married (adultery). Both men and women can be prosecuted, but women constituted the vast majority of the accused offenders and of those found guilty. On February 22, the president signed a bill amending section 149 of the criminal code to differentiate between rape, sodomy, and adultery as crimes. The amended article also expanded the definition of rape to include any form of penetration of the body. Human rights observers welcomed the amendment,...more
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"There were several cases throughout the year of al-Shabaab abusing and imposing harsh punishment on persons in areas under its control. For example, on September 28, al-Shabaab stoned to death a woman accused of adultery in Barawe (see section 6, Women)" (Pg 5).
June 25, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"The law states that a man who sees his wife, daughter, mother, or sister in the “act of adultery” and immediately kills her or the man with whom she is committing adultery faces a maximum punishment of three years’ imprisonment and a fine of 225 dinars ($743)" (p. 20).
June 20, 2019, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"HRW reported that extramarital sex is punishable by up to seven years in prison, flogging (for unmarried persons) or the death penalty (for married persons)" (p. 15).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"In 2010 the FSC declared several clauses of the Women’s Protection Act un-Islamic and unconstitutional. The verdict sought to reinstate certain provisions of the 1979 Hudood Ordinance and expand the FSC’s jurisdiction in cases of adultery and false accusations of adultery. Reinstatement of these provisions could permit reintroduction of adultery charges against female rape victims. In 2011 the federal government appealed the FSC’s decision to the Supreme Court, which had not set a hearing date by year’s end. In 2013 the nongovernmental Council of Islamic Ideology, which advises Parliament and the prime minister, rejected the Women’s Protection Act, saying it was contrary to the spirit of the Koran and sharia"...more
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Women in the country find themselves in prison for having sex outside of marriage, she added. 'If you are pregnant you could end up in prison regardless of whether it was rape,' she said. 'You can be sentenced while pregnant and detained in prison during your pregnancy but you will only be subject to lashes after you have your baby'" (22-23).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Sharia courts usually accorded the testimony of women and non-Muslims less weight than that of men. Under common law, women and members of other groups could testify in civil or criminal proceedings and give testimony that carried the same weight as testimony of other witnesses. Some sharia court judges allowed different evidentiary requirements to prove adultery or fornication for male and female defendants. Pregnancy, for example, was admissible evidence of a woman’s adultery or fornication in some sharia courts. In contrast sharia courts could convict men only if they confessed or there was eyewitness testimony regarding their crime. Sharia courts, however, provided women with certain benefits, including increased access to...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"The law states that authorities should execute a man if convicted of killing a woman. The penal code, however, allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an 'honor' killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived 'immodest' or 'defiant' behavior" (35). "While the law stipulates the death penalty for a man convicted of murdering a woman, the penal code allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an 'honor' killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived 'immodest' or 'defiant' behavior. The law also allows for a substantially reduced sentence when a husband kills his wife and a man he believes to be involved in an extramarital...more
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual relations outside marriage, including sexual harassment that is considered sexual solicitation. Penalties if convicted include fines and imprisonment. The law provides relief from penalties if unmarried participants marry." (42).
April 22, 2019, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Sharia courts, which adjudicate criminal and family law cases, may impose flogging as punishment for adultery... consensual premarital sex... although reports of flogging were rare and tended to be confined to only a few jurisdictions" (p. 3).
March 8, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Virginity testing was banned in 2016, but Javid said police have continued to pick up girls and women suspected of having sex, and take them to hospitals or clinics where they are forced to undergo a virginity test" (para. 10)
March 8, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Ashraf Ghani, the Afghan president, promised that forensic virginity tests – invasive examinations to check whether the hymen is intact – would be banned as an official procedure" (para. 3).
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Sharia forbids sex outside of wedlock regardless of age or consent" (25).
Feb. 26, 2019, 5:44 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Virginity test … was banned in Afghanistan in 2016" (para. 3).
Feb. 23, 2019, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"With regard to the definition of the offence of adultery, article 467 of the 1987 Family Code was amended in 2016 to read as follows: ‘Adultery shall be punishable by a term of imprisonment of six months to one year and a fine of 60,000 to 250,000 Congolese francs, and shall be deemed to have been committed by: (1) Any person who knowingly has sexual relations with a married person; (2) A married person who has sexual relations with a person other than his or her spouse. The penalty shall be doubled if the adultery was committed in aggravating circumstances, in particular if it took place in the conjugal home’"...more
Jan. 7, 2019, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Another local official said the ringleaders had accused the unmarried couple of violating 'Islamic law', which requires punishment by stoning" (para 5).
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery and sexual intercourse outside marriage are criminalized in the State party, which does not legally recognize de facto unions" (13).
Oct. 29, 2018, 7:55 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"India's top court has ruled that adultery is no longer a crime, declaring a colonial-era law that punished the offence with jail time unconstitutional and discriminatory against women. The more than century-old law stated that any man who slept with a married woman without her husband's permission had committed adultery, a crime carrying a five-year prison term" (para 1-2).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery remained punishable by death by stoning" (para 14)
Oct. 17, 2018, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Aceh is one of the most conservative provinces of Muslim-majority Indonesia, and the only part of the country that enforces sharia law for crimes like adultery, consumption of alcohol and homosexuality" (para 3).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Article 146 of Sudan's Criminal Act of 1991 provides that death by stoning is the punishment for adultery by a married person whereas sexual intercourse between a man and woman who are not married carries the lesser sentence of 100 lashes" (para 5).
Aug. 25, 2018, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Women’s rights organisations are particularly concerned that the new penal code includes stoning as a punishment for the crime of adultery. There are 15 countries in which stoning is either practised, legalised, or both, and if this law comes into effect, Brunei will be the sixteenth. Stoning is not prescribed in the Qur’an or in any other religious texts. We view the introduction of this penal code as part of a larger retrogressive step for women’s rights and gender equality in the country where spousal rape, for instance, is still tolerated under the Shari’a law" (Para 2-3). "While stoning is a method of punishment to be applied to both women...more
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"In May and August 2015, the State party adopted the Buddhist Women Special Law, the Population Control and Health-Care Law, the Religious Conversion Law and the Monogamy Law, which discriminate against women and have a negative impact on the enjoyment of their rights under the Convention" (page 4) (Coder comment: the Monogamy Law prohibits polygyny as well as extramarital affairs - ARR).
May 13, 2018, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Women in need of protection who could not find it often ended up in prison, either due to a lack of a protection center in their province or district, or based on local interpretation of “running away” as a moral crime. Adultery, fornication, and kidnapping are crimes under the law. Women often were convicted of those crimes in situations of abuse, rape, or forced marriage, or on the basis of invalid evidence, including virginity tests. Running away is not a crime under the law, and both the Supreme Court and AGO issued directives to this effect, but women and girls continued to be detained for running away from home or...more
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"The penal code also discriminates against women in specific crimes concerning adultery and honor. Under the law, a man is only accused of adultery if his alleged act is committed within the marital home, while a woman can be accused of adultery regardless of the place" (para 11).
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Parliament now wants to criminalize adultery and prepared a report on how to make divorce more difficult to obtain" (para 31).