The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti

"The criminal code excuses a husband who kills his wife or her partner found engaging in an act of adultery in his home, but a wife who kills her husband under similar circumstances is subject to prosecution" (18).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo

"Adultery is illegal for both women and men, although the penalty differs. Under civil law the husband can receive only a fine for adultery, while the wife can receive a prison sentence" (23, 24).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (page 41).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan

"The law treats any sexual contact outside a legally recognized marriage as a crime. The penalty for violating this law is 100 lashes if the offender is not married (fornication) and stoning to death if the offender is married (adultery). Both men and women can be prosecuted, but women constituted the vast majority of the accused offenders and of those found guilty. On February 22, the president signed a bill amending section 149 of the criminal code to differentiate between rape, sodomy, and adultery as crimes. The amended article also expanded the definition of rape to include any form of penetration of the body. Human rights observers welcomed the amendment,...more
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia

"There were several cases throughout the year of al-Shabaab abusing and imposing harsh punishment on persons in areas under its control. For example, on September 28, al-Shabaab stoned to death a woman accused of adultery in Barawe (see section 6, Women)" (Pg 5).
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"Afghan law makes zina a crime punishable by up to 15 in years in prison, and women who are believed by police and prosecutors to have participated extramarital sexual relations are often prosecuted under this law, worse yet often without regard to whether sexual relations were consensual (...) Rather than dropping these cases, however, police and prosecutors appear to be going forward and charging women with 'attempted zina' instead. In May 2013, Human Rights Watch documented a 50 percent increase in the number of women imprisoned in Afghanistan for “moral crimes” over the previous 18-month period" (3-4). Zina is 'inmorality' and means sex outside marriage (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan

"In 2010 the FSC declared several clauses of the Women’s Protection Act un-Islamic and unconstitutional. The verdict sought to reinstate certain provisions of the 1979 Hudood Ordinance and expand the FSC’s jurisdiction in cases of adultery and false accusations of adultery. Reinstatement of these provisions could permit reintroduction of adultery charges against female rape victims. In 2011 the federal government appealed the FSC’s decision to the Supreme Court, which had not set a hearing date by year’s end. In 2013 the nongovernmental Council of Islamic Ideology, which advises Parliament and the prime minister, rejected the Women’s Protection Act, saying it was contrary to the spirit of the Koran and sharia"...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen

"While the law stipulates the death penalty for a man convicted of murdering a woman, the penal code allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an 'honor' killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived 'immodest' or 'defiant' behavior. The law also allows for a substantially reduced sentence when a husband kills his wife and a man he believes to be involved in an extramarital affair with her" (36).
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives

"Authorities more readily accused women of adultery, in part because visible pregnancies made the allegedly adulterous act more obvious, while men could deny the charges and escape punishment because of the difficulty of proving fornication or adultery under Islamic law" (24).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria

"According to the media and eyewitnesses, these abuses [perpetrated by the Da'esh] included mass executions; stonings of women and men accused of adultery; crucifixions of civilians; public executions of foreign journalists, aid workers, and those suspected of being gay'"(para 9). "Under criminal law, if a man and a woman separately commit the same criminal act of adultery, the woman’s punishment is double that of the man’s" (para 197).
March 8, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"According to a 2016 Human Rights Watch report, almost half of all women incarcerated in Afghanistan – and 95% of girls in juvenile detention – are there for “moral crimes” such as sex before marriage" (para. 13).
March 1, 2019, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"Many of these Afghan women are locked up for so-called social crimes — often offenses that would not be crimes in most countries, like running away from their husbands, committing adultery (or often merely being accused of it) or refusing to submit to abusive practices like forced marriage" (para 10).
Jan. 7, 2019, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Mali

"'The Islamists dug two holes where they put the man and the woman who lived maritally without being married,' said a local official. “They were stoned to death.”The execution happened in Taghlit, close to Aguelhok in the Kidal region, on Tuesday. The same source told AFP that members of the public were invited to take part.'Four people threw stones at them until they died,' they said. Another local official said the ringleaders had accused the unmarried couple of violating 'Islamic law', which requires punishment by stoning" (para 3-5).
Oct. 29, 2018, 7:55 a.m.
Countries: India

"India's top court has ruled that adultery is no longer a crime, declaring a colonial-era law that punished the offence with jail time unconstitutional and discriminatory against women. The more than century-old law stated that any man who slept with a married woman without her husband's permission had committed adultery, a crime carrying a five-year prison term" (para 1-2). "The five-judge bench of the Supreme Court said: 'Thinking of adultery from a point of view of criminality is a retrograde step. Women could not file a complaint under the archaic law nor be held liable for adultery themselves, making it solely the realm of men. The court said the law...more
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran

"Women sometimes received disproportionate punishment for crimes such as adultery, including death sentences (see sections 1.a. and 1.e.)" (para 159)
Oct. 17, 2018, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia

"Aceh is one of the most conservative provinces of Muslim-majority Indonesia, and the only part of the country that enforces sharia law for crimes like adultery, consumption of alcohol and homosexuality" (para 3). "A Muslim couple accused of adultery received 100 lashes along with the Christian woman on Tuesday" (para 4).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"For instance, zina laws, which deal with sexual relations outside of marriage, are frequently used to punish victims of domestic violence who leave home, and are often applied with insufficient evidence" (para 5).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Sudan

"Some experts on Islamic jurisprudence state that the absence of a husband for at least one year is tantamount to divorce and is, therefore, grounds for cancellation of a stoning sentence" (para 3). "Article 146 of Sudan's Criminal Act of 1991 provides that death by stoning is the punishment for adultery by a married person whereas sexual intercourse between a man and woman who are not married carries the lesser sentence of 100 lashes" (para 5). "according to Sharia law, stoning and flogging cannot be carried out if there is any doubt that the serious offence (or "Hudood") was committed. Saadia testified that she never engaged in a sexual intercourse...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives

"In September the president ratified the third amendment to the Penal Code which stated only Maldivian Islamic law penalties may be imposed for Hadd (robbery, fornication, homosexual acts, alcohol consumption, apostasy) and Qisas offenses (retaliation in kind). Penalties could include hand amputation for theft and stoning to death for adultery. Prior to the amendment, the Penal Code only allowed for the implementation of milder penalties in limited cases, including flogging for fornication..." (18). "Discrimination against women remained a problem. Authorities more readily accused women of adultery, in part because visible pregnancies made the allegedly adulterous act more obvious, while men could deny the charges and escape punishment because of the...more
Aug. 25, 2018, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Brunei

"While stoning is a method of punishment to be applied to both women and men, the victims in reported cases of stoning are overwhelmingly women. This stems from the fact that stoning is primarily used for crimes of adultery or other crimes related to moral or sexual conduct. Patriarchal and misogynist interpretations of religious laws – aimed at controlling women’s basic freedoms of movement and expression and control over their bodies – underlie judicial codes governing sexual relationships and the family" (Para 3).
Aug. 10, 2018, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia

"The Committee...notes with concern...(a) The ineffective identification of victims of trafficking in persons and the lenient sentencing of perpetrators, including many suspended sentences; (b) The lack of comprehensive disaggregated data on sexual exploitation, including forced prostitution; (c) The greater vulnerability of Roma women and girls to trafficking, including internal trafficking, for the purposes of sexual exploitation" (6).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine

"women are punished for an adulterous act by a prison term of between six months and two years, regardless of marital status. However, her adulterous male partner is punished by the same penalty if he is married, but only half as long if he is not married. The proposed draft Palestinian penal code does not discriminate between men and women with regard to the crime of adultery. It includes identical provisions for both with respect to both the elements of the crime and the sentence" (11).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel

"The husband's refusal to divorce his wife results not only in the wife's inability to remarry but also in strict restrictions on her freedom to set up new family life. Should she have a sexual relationship with another man, she is considered a rebellious wife and may lose her rights to child custody and spousal maintenance although she remains married; she will also be prohibited from marrying her lover if at any future time her husband dies or releases her from the marriage. Should she, while still married, have a child from another man, that child will be considered a 'mamzer'. As explained, 'mamzer' is a form of bastardy applicable...more
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco

"Some proposed amendments to the penal code would make matters worse for women, including a change to the penal code which would extend the possibility for reduced sentences for murder and assault to any family member who catches a family member engaged in illicit sexual intercourse (such as adultery). The government should repeal such provisions"(3-4)
Nov. 3, 2017, 8:07 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"Although President Ashraf Ghani has promised to ban [virginity] tests as part of official procedure, they are routine for women accused of anything that falls under the vague category of so-called moral crimes" (para 8). "'Those accused experience extreme mental trauma,' Subhrang said. 'We have traveled to different provinces and seen victims who were imprisoned after such examinations for their ‘crime’ of not being a virgin'" (para 12). “In addition, according to articles 444 and 449, police are permitted to seek the help of experts to solve cases [of 'moral crimes'] in which there is a need for a medical examination; therefore, the police force of Afghanistan sends the ‘criminals’...more
Feb. 2, 2017, 12:33 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (28).
Dec. 29, 2016, 8:22 a.m.
Countries: Iran

"Article 199 [of Iran’s Islamic Penal Code of 2013]. The standard [of proof] for testimony in all offenses shall be two male witnesses; unless in zina, livat, tafkhiz, and musaheqeh which shall be proved by four male witnesses. In order to prove a zina punishable by the hadd punishment of flogging, shaving [of head] and/or banishment, testimony of two just men and four just women shall be sufficient. If the punishment provided is other than the above, testimony of at least three men and two women shall be required. In such cases, if two just men and four just women testify for the offense, only the hadd punishment of flogging...more
Dec. 1, 2016, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Guinea

"Adultery is frowned on, but not uncommon, and to some degree may be expected for both men and women. Traditional punishments involve a fine imposed on the male adulterer by the aggrieved husband, and no particular formal punishment for the woman"(para 2)
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali

"Mali regards the following 16 practices as harmful to the health of women and children...The killing of babies that are orphans or are born outside marriage" (35).
Aug. 24, 2016, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq

"The Isis militant group has reportedly carried out a seemingly unprecedented string of public executions – including throwing men accused of being gay off towers, stoning a woman accused of adultery, and crucifying at least 17 young men in a 48-hour period. Disturbing images appeared across Isis-affiliated social media accounts at the end of last week at an unusually high rate.Images showing the executions began to emerge on Thursday, and were attributed to the 'Information Office of the mandate of Nineveh', a city in Iraq. They claim to show Isis militants carrying out 'hudud', the system of fixed punishments for what the group’s courts regard as serious crimes"(para 2-3)more