The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

Oct. 29, 2018, 7:55 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"India's top court has ruled that adultery is no longer a crime, declaring a colonial-era law that punished the offence with jail time unconstitutional and discriminatory against women. The more than century-old law stated that any man who slept with a married woman without her husband's permission had committed adultery, a crime carrying a five-year prison term" (para 1-2). "The five-judge bench of the Supreme Court said: 'Thinking of adultery from a point of view of criminality is a retrograde step. Women could not file a complaint under the archaic law nor be held liable for adultery themselves, making it solely the realm of men. The court said the law...more
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Women sometimes received disproportionate punishment for crimes such as adultery, including death sentences (see sections 1.a. and 1.e.)" (para 159)
Oct. 17, 2018, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Aceh is one of the most conservative provinces of Muslim-majority Indonesia, and the only part of the country that enforces sharia law for crimes like adultery, consumption of alcohol and homosexuality" (para 3). "A Muslim couple accused of adultery received 100 lashes along with the Christian woman on Tuesday" (para 4).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"For instance, zina laws, which deal with sexual relations outside of marriage, are frequently used to punish victims of domestic violence who leave home, and are often applied with insufficient evidence" (para 5).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Some experts on Islamic jurisprudence state that the absence of a husband for at least one year is tantamount to divorce and is, therefore, grounds for cancellation of a stoning sentence" (para 3). "Article 146 of Sudan's Criminal Act of 1991 provides that death by stoning is the punishment for adultery by a married person whereas sexual intercourse between a man and woman who are not married carries the lesser sentence of 100 lashes" (para 5). "according to Sharia law, stoning and flogging cannot be carried out if there is any doubt that the serious offence (or "Hudood") was committed. Saadia testified that she never engaged in a sexual intercourse...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"In September the president ratified the third amendment to the Penal Code which stated only Maldivian Islamic law penalties may be imposed for Hadd (robbery, fornication, homosexual acts, alcohol consumption, apostasy) and Qisas offenses (retaliation in kind). Penalties could include hand amputation for theft and stoning to death for adultery. Prior to the amendment, the Penal Code only allowed for the implementation of milder penalties in limited cases, including flogging for fornication..." (18). "Discrimination against women remained a problem. Authorities more readily accused women of adultery, in part because visible pregnancies made the allegedly adulterous act more obvious, while men could deny the charges and escape punishment because of the...more
Aug. 25, 2018, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"While stoning is a method of punishment to be applied to both women and men, the victims in reported cases of stoning are overwhelmingly women. This stems from the fact that stoning is primarily used for crimes of adultery or other crimes related to moral or sexual conduct. Patriarchal and misogynist interpretations of religious laws – aimed at controlling women’s basic freedoms of movement and expression and control over their bodies – underlie judicial codes governing sexual relationships and the family" (Para 3).
Aug. 10, 2018, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee...notes with concern...(a) The ineffective identification of victims of trafficking in persons and the lenient sentencing of perpetrators, including many suspended sentences; (b) The lack of comprehensive disaggregated data on sexual exploitation, including forced prostitution; (c) The greater vulnerability of Roma women and girls to trafficking, including internal trafficking, for the purposes of sexual exploitation" (6).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"women are punished for an adulterous act by a prison term of between six months and two years, regardless of marital status. However, her adulterous male partner is punished by the same penalty if he is married, but only half as long if he is not married. The proposed draft Palestinian penal code does not discriminate between men and women with regard to the crime of adultery. It includes identical provisions for both with respect to both the elements of the crime and the sentence" (11).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"The husband's refusal to divorce his wife results not only in the wife's inability to remarry but also in strict restrictions on her freedom to set up new family life. Should she have a sexual relationship with another man, she is considered a rebellious wife and may lose her rights to child custody and spousal maintenance although she remains married; she will also be prohibited from marrying her lover if at any future time her husband dies or releases her from the marriage. Should she, while still married, have a child from another man, that child will be considered a 'mamzer'. As explained, 'mamzer' is a form of bastardy applicable...more
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-LAW-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Some proposed amendments to the penal code would make matters worse for women, including a change to the penal code which would extend the possibility for reduced sentences for murder and assault to any family member who catches a family member engaged in illicit sexual intercourse (such as adultery). The government should repeal such provisions"(3-4)
Nov. 3, 2017, 8:07 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Although President Ashraf Ghani has promised to ban [virginity] tests as part of official procedure, they are routine for women accused of anything that falls under the vague category of so-called moral crimes" (para 8). "'Those accused experience extreme mental trauma,' Subhrang said. 'We have traveled to different provinces and seen victims who were imprisoned after such examinations for their ‘crime’ of not being a virgin'" (para 12). “In addition, according to articles 444 and 449, police are permitted to seek the help of experts to solve cases [of 'moral crimes'] in which there is a need for a medical examination; therefore, the police force of Afghanistan sends the ‘criminals’...more
Feb. 2, 2017, 12:33 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (28).
Dec. 29, 2016, 8:22 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Article 199 [of Iran’s Islamic Penal Code of 2013]. The standard [of proof] for testimony in all offenses shall be two male witnesses; unless in zina, livat, tafkhiz, and musaheqeh which shall be proved by four male witnesses. In order to prove a zina punishable by the hadd punishment of flogging, shaving [of head] and/or banishment, testimony of two just men and four just women shall be sufficient. If the punishment provided is other than the above, testimony of at least three men and two women shall be required. In such cases, if two just men and four just women testify for the offense, only the hadd punishment of flogging...more
Dec. 1, 2016, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery is frowned on, but not uncommon, and to some degree may be expected for both men and women. Traditional punishments involve a fine imposed on the male adulterer by the aggrieved husband, and no particular formal punishment for the woman"(para 2)
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Mali regards the following 16 practices as harmful to the health of women and children...The killing of babies that are orphans or are born outside marriage" (35).
Aug. 24, 2016, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, GEW-DATA-1

"The Isis militant group has reportedly carried out a seemingly unprecedented string of public executions – including throwing men accused of being gay off towers, stoning a woman accused of adultery, and crucifying at least 17 young men in a 48-hour period. Disturbing images appeared across Isis-affiliated social media accounts at the end of last week at an unusually high rate.Images showing the executions began to emerge on Thursday, and were attributed to the 'Information Office of the mandate of Nineveh', a city in Iraq. They claim to show Isis militants carrying out 'hudud', the system of fixed punishments for what the group’s courts regard as serious crimes"(para 2-3)more
July 27, 2016, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

“In 2012 the Attorney General’s Office ordered a halt to the prosecution of women for “running away,” which is not a crime under the law. Reports indicated that prosecutors instead charged women who had left home with “attempted zina” (extramarital sexual relations) for being outside the home in the presence of nonrelated men, which is also not a crime under the law. In some cases authorities wrongfully imprisoned women because they deemed it unsafe for the women to return home and there were no women’s shelters available” (8). “Police and legal officials often charged women with intent to commit zina (extramarital sexual relations) to justify their arrest and incarceration for...more
May 9, 2016, 2:24 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"In the Emirates, sex outside of marriage is banned and commercial sex is illegal. However, women and children, some reportedly as young as 11, who are recruited to the Emirates to be employed as domestic workers, hotel receptionists and waitresses, may find themselves upon arrival forced to provide sexual services to pay back inflated travel and visa debts. For those who attempt to flee, they risk being imprisoned for illicit sexual relations" (88).
April 14, 2016, 10:46 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Similarly, the offence of adultery now attracts the same punishment for both, whereas in the past adultery by the woman was punished more severely" (31)
March 4, 2016, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"The majority of marriages are still forced, honor killings are not unusual, and any involvement of the justice system in a rape case usually means that only the victim goes to jail, charged with adultery or with having had premarital sex — unless she, as a commonly imposed solution, is forced to marry her rapist"(2). From this statement it appears that the law prosecutes the women [who are usually the victims] (ENB-Coder Comment)
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

""There are no laws against adultery or fornication in Ukraine. There is a lot of adultery here." Anna Saienko" (14)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"In fact, women are more readily accused and convicted of adultery, while men are rarely punished for adultery because they can easily claim that they engaged in those relations in the bounds of a temporary married" (11). "Article 630 of the previous Penal Code expressly allowed a husband to kill his wife and her lover, if he caught them in flagrante, ('in blazing offense' in Latin; legal term that indicates a criminal has been caught in the act of committing an offense). However if he knows that his wife acted under coercion, he may only kill her rapist (Article 630). While in the new Penal Code Article 630 is unchanged,...more
Jan. 21, 2016, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

“The Islamic State group has become infamous for gruesome executions and is reported to have stoned women to death on allegations of adultery” (para 6, 7). At this time the current ruling body in this area of Syria is the Islamic State. Women in this area are subject to sharia law as implemented by Da’esh rather than Syrian national law (SL – CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 20, 2016, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The life of a Sri Lankan maid due to be stoned to death in Saudi Arabia for adultery has been spared, Sri Lanka's foreign ministry says. She will instead be imprisoned, Sri Lankan Deputy Foreign Minister Dr Harsha de Silva announced. An appeal by Sri Lanka was considered by Saudi Arabia and the execution order was withdrawn, he said. The woman was convicted in August, along with an unmarried Sri Lankan man. She was sentenced to death by stoning, while the man was sentenced to 100 lashes" (para 1-5). "Saudi Arabia's initial decision to stone the woman was condemned in Sri Lanka. Government official Ranjan Ramanayake said the Sri Lankan...more
Jan. 20, 2016, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Before the introduction of the Protection of Women Act-2006, thousands of women languished in jails on unproven charges of adultery. 'There was no distinction between zina and rape before,’ says Anis Haroon, former head of the National Commission of the Status of Women (NCSW), 'That’s why the law was being misused. The victim had to prove she had been raped and if she couldn’t, she would be charged with fornication.’ … 'I think in 2011, when I was still a chair of the commission, we published a report on the effectiveness of introducing this act,' says Haroon. 'According to that, there were no women prisoners to be found in the...more
Jan. 14, 2016, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-LAW-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Honor killings are punishable under Bahraini law, but Article 334 of the penal code permits a reduced penalty for one who suddenly finds his or her spouse in the act of adultery and immediately assaults or kills the spouse or the spouse’s accomplice" (9).
Jan. 6, 2016, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Article 137 of the customary law states categorically that 'adultery on the part of husbands is never punishable'. Article 135, on the other hand, expressly prohibits adultery by women. In cases of adultery, Bariba women are whipped in public and given a divorce (art. 145 of the customary law). In the provinces of Atlantique and Ouémé husbands make do with compensation, which serves as 'purification' for the women. Purification rites are often humiliating and degrading for women and generally result in a kind of 'social death' for adulterous women. The Constitutional Court rendered a decision in 2009 ending such injustice by finding punishment of adulterous women to be discriminatory. Women...more
Jan. 4, 2016, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"ISIS militants stoned a couple to death in an Iraqi town as a crowd watched powerless to stop the brutal attack...The pair — who were aged in their 30s — had been convicted of adultery in an ISIS court. They were then led out in front of a crowd of some 200 residents in Ar Rutbah in western Anbar province, who stood by as eight fighters carried out the execution. 'They brought the man and the woman, they tied their hands and covered their faces, and started to stone them'" (para 1). "The executioners chose stones 'smaller than a baseball' in order to prolong the couple's death, the witness said....more
Dec. 31, 2015, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Finally Roqia asked her husband for a divorce. He had started stealing to pay for drugs. He refused. He said, 'Who will take care of the children if you go? Besides, I won’t be able to find another wife since I am an addict. So you will have to stay.' Unable to obtain a divorce, abandoned, and almost helpless to support her children, Roqia eventually married another man who was willing to take care of her and her children. But when her first husband discovered this he reported her to police. Both Roqia and her second husband were arrested and convicted of zina. Roqia was sentenced to five years in...more