The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"In 2010 the FSC declared several clauses of the Women’s Protection Act un-Islamic and unconstitutional. The verdict sought to reinstate certain provisions of the 1979 Hudood Ordinance and expand the FSC’s jurisdiction in cases of adultery and false accusations of adultery. Reinstatement of these provisions could permit reintroduction of adultery charges against female rape victims. In 2011 the federal government appealed the FSC’s decision to the Supreme Court, which had not set a hearing date by year’s end. In 2013 the nongovernmental Council of Islamic Ideology, which advises Parliament and the prime minister, rejected the Women’s Protection Act, saying it was contrary to the spirit of the Koran and sharia"...more
April 29, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"His third statement was more horribleness as he asked the Minister of Higher Education to conduct virginity tests female students applying to Egyptian universities as a precondition for her acceptance, alleging that this would limit Urfi marriage. This demand violates the privacy of women's bodies and increases the parental authority exercised by the MP on female students and women, additionally it incites violence against women" (7).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Virginity testing, although reportedly decreasing, continued to occur in some parts the country during the year" (34). "An NGO study published in 2014 found that because of the cultural emphasis placed on virginity, any loss of virginity--real or perceived, consensual or forced--could result in marriage" (38).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Commonly reported methods of torture and abuse in prisons included threats of execution or rape, forced virginity and sodomy tests, sleep deprivation, electroshock, burnings, the use of pressure positions, and severe and repeated beatings. UNSR Jahangir highlighted reports of prisoners being subjected to blackmail, beating, and other physical abuse" (5).
March 8, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Virginity testing was banned in 2016, but Javid said police have continued to pick up girls and women suspected of having sex, and take them to hospitals or clinics where they are forced to undergo a virginity test" (para. 10)
March 8, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"In a prison in the Balkh province of Afghanistan, more than 200 girls and young women are crammed into dirty prison cells… Their crime is that they all failed a virginity test performed by a health professional at a clinic or hospital" (para. 1 - 2). "According to a 2016 Human Rights Watch report, almost half of all women incarcerated in Afghanistan – and 95% of girls in juvenile detention – are there for “moral crimes” such as sex before marriage" (para. 13).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Forced virginity testing remained legal, and police, prosecutors, and judges continued to order virginity tests in cases of “moral crimes” such as zina. Women who sought assistance in cases of rape were often subject to virginity tests. The new penal code, signed into law by presidential decree on March 4 and scheduled to take effect in February 2018, contains language criminalizing virginity tests performed without the consent of the woman and a court order" (26).
Feb. 26, 2019, 5:44 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Despite a public health policy outlawing the test, women continue to be subjected to this degrading ordeal, which can lead to arrest and imprisonment" (para. 1). "Many women have been imprisoned here for what are considered 'moral crimes', which include running away from home and having sex before marriage. Most will have had to undergo virginity tests and many women will spend months in jail because they failed them. Women imprisoned for running away have usually fled dire circumstances, from domestic violence to forced sex work, and women categorised as 'moral criminals' are jailed alongside convicted murderers" (para. 7 -8). "Although Hosnia was a virgin, she was terrified that she...more
Jan. 7, 2019, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"'The Islamists dug two holes where they put the man and the woman who lived maritally without being married,' said a local official. “They were stoned to death.”The execution happened in Taghlit, close to Aguelhok in the Kidal region, on Tuesday. The same source told AFP that members of the public were invited to take part.'Four people threw stones at them until they died,' they said. Another local official said the ringleaders had accused the unmarried couple of violating 'Islamic law', which requires punishment by stoning" (para 3-5).
Jan. 4, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"'Some women are actually forced by their family to marry their rapist for a question of honor,' Mardam-Bey explained" (para 3).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Violence against women, including so-called honor killings, remained a significant problem, and child marriage persisted. The government did not effectively protect women, children, members of ethnic and religious minorities, and LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex) persons from abuse, discrimination, and violence" (page 3).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"In Karen, Kachin and Chin states, women victims of rape or sexual harassment are expelled from their village on the assumption that the village must be “cleansed” of the victims. . . . In Kayah/Karenni and Shan villages women impregnated outside of wedlock are expelled from the village because they are deemed impure" (page 7).
Nov. 15, 2018, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"A 24-year-old Pakistani man was mutilated in a so-called honor killing, police said. Allah Ditta was stabbed multiple times by five men Tuesday in Pakistan's Dera Ghazi Khan district, authorities said. The men attacked Ditta as he went to meet a woman with whom he was having an affair, police Officer Ali Muhammad said. The victim and the woman were married to other people...So-called honor killings in Pakistan have gained notoriety worldwide, but cases of men killed in such attacks are rare. Many of these killings involve relatives slaying young women accused of dishonoring the family" (para 1, 2, 3...6, 7). "Many of these killings involve relatives slaying young women...more
Nov. 7, 2018, 2:15 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"A man in Tajikistan has been charged with driving his wife to commit suicide amid allegations he pressured her into taking virginity tests and then demanded a second bride after disbelieving the results" (para. 1). Despite a woman passed a "government-required prenuptial exam - including a virginity test - Pirov [her couple] admits he took his bride for a further two tests, both of which she passed and both of which he did not believe, before casting her out" (para. 3). "As of 2015, it is compulsory for both men and women to undergo medical check-ups before a wedding, but for women this often includes a test of 'purity'" (para....more
Oct. 31, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"According to HRW, a 6 and 7 year old girl were subjected to the distressing virginity test after reports emerged regarding an incident involving sexual assault on the two girls" (para. 1).
Oct. 18, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Seven months ago, 18-year-old Bahara* was imprisoned for failing a test that she should never have had to undergo. Bahara had run away from home to meet a man she had been in a relationship with. They had never met, but were in contact through calls and messages. That night, when they met for the first time, he raped her. But when she reported the rape to the police, instead of support, she was taken to hospital to undergo a virginity test – a practice that was banned in Afghanistan in 2016" (para 1-2). "Bahara is now an inmate at Mazar-i-Sharif high security prison in Balkh province. Many women have...more
Oct. 4, 2018, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"A new policy in Afghanistan promises to bar government health workers from engaging in the abusive practice of forcing women and girls to undergo invasive and medically meaningless vaginal and anal exams to determine whether they are 'virgins'" (para 1). Virginity examinations” are a routine part of criminal proceedings in Afghanistan. When women or girls are accused of “moral crimes” such as sex outside of marriage, police, prosecutors, and judges regularly send them to government doctors. After examining them, the doctors submit reports reaching conclusions about whether they are “virgins,” also often drawing more detailed – and often damning – conclusions about their sexual histories. These reports are used in...more
Oct. 4, 2018, 9:54 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Bachara is a tribal matriarchal community in the western part of Madhya Pradesh... Here, girls are forced into prostitution by their own fathers and brothers" (para 11-12). "In the Devadasis belt, in Bellary and Koppal districts of Karnataka, the virginity of girls is auctioned off among the upper caste people. After this, girls spend rest of their lives as prostitutes, while earning for their families" (para 16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Virginity testing, although reportedly decreasing, continued to occur in some parts the country during the year" (34). "An NGO study published in March 2014 found that because of the cultural emphasis placed on virginity, any loss of virginity--real or perceived, consensual or forced--could result in marriage, including early or forced marriage" (37).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Reports continued of many women expelled from their homes and abandoned by their husbands and relatives because they were HIV positive" (21).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Women face stigmatization by family and community members when reporting certain crimes, in particular conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence and harmful practices, including forced and early marriage, sexual slavery, rape and torture" (page 4).
Aug. 25, 2018, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"While stoning is a method of punishment to be applied to both women and men, the victims in reported cases of stoning are overwhelmingly women. This stems from the fact that stoning is primarily used for crimes of adultery or other crimes related to moral or sexual conduct. Patriarchal and misogynist interpretations of religious laws – aimed at controlling women’s basic freedoms of movement and expression and control over their bodies – underlie judicial codes governing sexual relationships and the family" (Para 3).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Article 287 of the Penal Code on 'genital examinations', according to which virginity testing authorized by a judge or prosecutor remains legal even if the woman or girl does not consent to the intrusive practice, which constitutes a violation of both her privacy and her physical and mental integrity . . . The Committee recommends that the State party make all efforts necessary to ensure that all laws that are discriminatory towards women are repealed, and: (a) Amend the Penal Code and abolish the provision allowing for genital examinations, including virginity testing, to be performed on a woman or girl without her consent. It also recommends that the State party...more
May 13, 2018, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Women in need of protection who could not find it often ended up in prison, either due to a lack of a protection center in their province or district, or based on local interpretation of “running away” as a moral crime. Adultery, fornication, and kidnapping are crimes under the law. Women often were convicted of those crimes in situations of abuse, rape, or forced marriage, or on the basis of invalid evidence, including virginity tests. Running away is not a crime under the law, and both the Supreme Court and AGO issued directives to this effect, but women and girls continued to be detained for running away from home or...more
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"This is a very important law reform in the sense that in our iTaukei Fijian culture as well as the Fijian Indian culture, there is always a stigma over losing virginity before marriage especially for young women. This leads to a rigid control of women’s and girls’ rights to protect their chastity and family honour, ensuring that girls have no option to explore their sexuality except within marriage" (40).
March 27, 2018, 8:23 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"New York based rights group Human Rights Watch (HRW) has urged President Joko 'Jokowi' Widodo to order the chiefs of the National Police and Indonesian Military (TNI) to immediately ban virginity testing for female applicants, saying the practice is a form of gender based violence" (para 1).
Jan. 8, 2018, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Doctors have begun implementing an order from the Russian Investigative Committee - seen as the equivalent of the FBI - demanding that all medical evidence of sex involving girls under the age of 16 should be reported to the police" (para 2). "Doctors must 'inform police about all cases when virginity was lost as well as about cases of pregnancies and abortions involving girls under 16 years old', he demanded. Specifically, the order instructs doctors to check girls 'and report all cases when the integrity of the hymen is damaged'" (para 6-7). "The Russian Health Ministry put itself at loggerheads with the Investigative Committee in attacking the move [to perform...more
Dec. 28, 2017, 4 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Chantal, the mother of the 2-month-old baby, was forced to leave her family when her older brother discovered she was 7 months’ pregnant, so 'he threw me out of the house because he was afraid to die because of me,' she said. 'I had nowhere else to go. So I lived in the streets for two weeks. A woman saw me and proposed me to stay and sleep with her at home.' Chantal ended up at the shelter, too. When she gave birth, her mother and older sister came once to visit her and the baby during his baptism. It is forbidden for Mossi to have babies at home if...more
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

At 5:48 of the video Razia's dad said "You all know about the condition of Dhaka city. Keeping a grown up girl here, no one knows what would happen. Better to get married, it’s not a bad idea"(ENB-Coder Comment). At 8:33 of the video Razia's dad says "Listen, if my daughter is walking down the road talking to a boy, and someone sees, they will tell everyone that my daughter is seeing him. Then your honour is immediately lost. As soon as people start thinking that this has happened, everything is finished, you will lose face .It’s like thieves, they always scream that thieves have stolen something from you. And...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DMW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights (ECWR) strongly condemns the statements of the two MPs addressing women. The first MP released a statement calling for female university students to undergo mandatory virginity tests and to submit what proves their virginity. He added that this virginity test should be conducted every year as a condition for the female university students to get their university ID. He claims that this procedure will reduce ‘urfi marriage. After few days another MP announces that he is currently working on a draft law calling for female students at the vocational schools to undergo mandatory virginity tests as well, using words that are abusive for all...more