The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“The penal code also allows rapists to escape prosecution if they marry their victims, leading to horrifying cases of abuse, particularly in conservative country areas where families pressure girls to marry their attackers to avoid the social opprobrium and reduced marriage prospects for those known to no longer be virgins” (para 20).
Aug. 31, 2017, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“The victim had support from the police early on as well as from her father, a white-bearded scrap dealer named Sabruddin, who was outraged at what his daughter had gone through. In this, she was lucky: Many families don’t report rapes for fear it will bring dishonor upon them” (para 19-20). “The doctor also performed what is known as the ‘two-finger test,’ a once-routine practice in rape exams where two fingers are used to determine the pliability of the hymen. The exam has long been used by defense attorneys as evidence that a victim had an alleged prior sexual history, although courts have said that should have no bearing. … ...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Girls here [Cairo] sometimes reported their inability to confide in family members when facing problems, in particular sexual harassment. Their reasons were fear of people blaming them, fear of being prevented from leaving home, fear of fights, and fear of damaging their family’s reputation. Sometimes, though, they were often afraid not of their families, but for their families – they were afraid their fathers and brothers would try to fight the harasser and end up getting hurt” (28).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"And earlier during the first transitional period, peaceful female demonstrators were submitted to forced virginity tests by the military police forces, which violate privacy rights and promote the conservative culture values against Women’s participation in demonstrations and political action" (2).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“The Ministry of Justice indicated that seven so-called “honor crimes” were referred to the judicial system through October, with one case still under investigation, while NGOs reported 14 potential honor crimes through September. Activists reported that many such crimes went unreported” (30). “In “honor crime” cases, the family of the victim and the family of the alleged perpetrator were often the same, since the perpetrator and victim usually were related. There were no reported instances of forced marriage as an alternative to a potential honor killing during the year, although NGOs note that many cases of forced marriage occur shortly after an accusation of rape due to family and societal ...more
Dec. 24, 2016, 1:06 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Pakistani men who kill their female relatives in the name of honour will no longer be able to evade punishment after the country’s parliament finally passed long-promised legislation" (para 1).
Dec. 1, 2016, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery is frowned on, but not uncommon, and to some degree may be expected for both men and women. Traditional punishments involve a fine imposed on the male adulterer by the aggrieved husband, and no particular formal punishment for the woman"(para 2)
Nov. 23, 2016, 7:55 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Fear of sexual violence leads many parents to restrict their daughters’ mobility. Parents also fear that their daughters might intentionally seek out sexual liaisons when away from home, which leads them to place strict controls on when and where they may travel: 'Definitely going to town, my girls need permission from me. You know how naughty children can be. They will say they are going to town whereas they are going to see their boyfriends and the end result is pregnancy.' (Thokozane, 35-year-old father, EC, urban, adult interviewer) Boys’ travel is also controlled to some extent, since boys are seen to be at risk of violent attack, but girls typically ...more
Nov. 8, 2016, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Syrian women and girls face sexual violence, forced and early marriages, and "honor" crimes, amongst other forms of gender- based violence; and they lack adequate protections, access to justice, and victim services" (1). "Upon release from detention or checkpoints, and after house raids, women are often alienated from their families and viewed as “unfit” for marriage, and in some instances divorced or killed, because family members believe they were raped. The fear of sexual violence and its consequences is also a trigger in the displacement of many families" (2). "Many in Syria are raised to believe that defending the chastity of their sisters, daughters and other female family members is ...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“The median age at first sexual intercourse is 1.8 years earlier than the median age at first marriage for women and 6.4 years earlier for men, indicating that both women and men engage in sex before marriage” (57). “Postponing marriage but not sex: Women and men in Lesotho are waiting longer to get married, but not to initiate sex. Since 2004, the median age at first sexual intercourse has changed little among women (18.7 years in 2004 versus 18.5 years in 2014), while for men, it has dropped from 19.0 years to 18.1. During the same period, the median age at first marriage for women has increased from 19.1 years ...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Table 4.5 shows that the median age at first sexual intercourse among women age 20-49 (16.2 years) is almost equal to the median age at first marriage (16.1 years). The median age at first sexual intercourse is higher among women age 20-24 than among older women” (43).
Oct. 7, 2016, 11 a.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Young, unmarried [Indo-Fijian] women are seldom permitted to go out during the day on their own or with female friends and never at night unless accompanied by the family. In some cases, females are not even permitted to hang around their own front or back yards unnecessarily, especially if there are young males in the neighbourhood. Failure to comply is likely to result in physical punishment meted out by the father or brother. Female friendships are conducted only at school or in the workplace and are seldom extended beyond this realm, while women’s participation in the public world is, virtually nil. ... In part, restrictions on women’s physical space are ...more
Oct. 1, 2016, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Earlier this year, the nongovernmental organization Civil and Liberal Initiative for Peace (CLIP) sought to map the practice of baad and its social impact in Afghanistan. Focusing on nine districts in Kabul, Parwan, and Panjshir provinces, the survey showed a significant decline in baad cases... Amiri confirmed that the victims of baad are mostly under-aged girls who are sacrificed to settle an inter-family dispute. Girls who run away from home with a boy or are accused of having premarital sex are also targeted, according to CLIP's findings" (para 5-7).
Sept. 30, 2016, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“‘Broadly speaking, non-excision of girls is considered dishonourable in Guinean society,’ the report says. “Social pressure is such that girls may request excision for fear of being excluded or forced to remain unmarried if they do not suffer the practice’” (para 7).
Sept. 27, 2016, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“‘Letting go of female children is dishonorable, in itself,’ explained Pramanand Das, who presides over an informal family council. Minati Das, the mother of a 19-year-old, got to the point quicker. ‘Not everyone wants a daughter-in-law who is a working woman,’ she said. ‘They think she has lost her chastity’” (para 19-20).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Women and men in Nigeria tend to initiate sexual activity before marriage. The median age at first sexual intercourse is 17.6 years for women and 21.1 years for men age 25-49” (53). “Table 13.18 shows that 17 percent of young women and 3 percent of young men age 15-24 initiated sexual activity before age 15, and 52 percent of young women and 19 percent of young men age 18-24 had their first sexual intercourse before age 18. As expected, the proportion of youth who initiated sexual activity early is higher among ever-married youth than among those who have not yet married. The likelihood of early sexual debut generally decreases with ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Findings in Figure 14.2 indicate that 73-80 percent of women and men age 15-49 believe that young women and men should wait until they are married to have sexual intercourse” (204). “Women on average have two partners in their lifetime. While there are variations by age, marital status, urban-rural residence, education and wealth quintile, the most notable differences are found by region—less than two partners among women in Kavango, Ohangwena, and Omusati, and four partners among women in Kunene and Omaheke… The mean number of lifetime sexual partners reported by men is seven. This figure varies significantly across subgroups. As expected, the number is larger for older men (three for ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Overall, 44 percent of never-married men have never had sexual intercourse, as compared with 38 percent of never-married women” (49). “The data show that among women age 25-49, 11 percent had their first sexual intercourse by age 15, 44 percent by age 18, and 68 percent by age 20. The median age at first intercourse among women age 25-49 is 18.4 years, more than two years lower than the median age at first marriage (20.7 years), suggesting that Ghanaian women in general initiate sexual intercourse before their first marriage” (54). “Overall, 47 percent of women and 56 percent of men age 15-24 have never had sexual intercourse. Young women and ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:55 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Women and men in Nigeria tend to initiate sexual activity before marriage. The median age at first sexual intercourse is 17.6 years for women and 21.1 years for men age 25-49” (53). “Table 13.18 shows that 17 percent of young women and 3 percent of young men age 15-24 initiated sexual activity before age 15, and 52 percent of young women and 19 percent of young men age 18-24 had their first sexual intercourse before age 18. As expected, the proportion of youth who initiated sexual activity early is higher among ever-married youth than among those who have not yet married. The likelihood of early sexual debut generally decreases with ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:47 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Women and men in Nigeria tend to initiate sexual activity before marriage. The median age at first sexual intercourse is 17.6 years for women and 21.1 years for men age 25-49” (53). “Table 13.18 shows that 17 percent of young women and 3 percent of young men age 15-24 initiated sexual activity before age 15, and 52 percent of young women and 19 percent of young men age 18-24 had their first sexual intercourse before age 18. As expected, the proportion of youth who initiated sexual activity early is higher among ever-married youth than among those who have not yet married. The likelihood of early sexual debut generally decreases with ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Initiating sexual activity before marriage is common in Swaziland. Half of women age 20-49 had first sexual intercourse by age 18, and more than 70 percent were sexually active by age 20. While men generally initiate sexual activity at a later age than women, 31 percent of men age 20-49 had first sexual intercourse before age 18, and 57 percent were sexually active by age 20” (xxiii). “Although age at marriage is often used as a proxy measure for the beginning of exposure to the risk of pregnancy, some women and men engage in sexual activity before marriage” (88). “Table 13.21 focuses on nevermarried young people and shows the percentage ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:45 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Table 4.5 shows that the median age at first sexual intercourse of women ages 25-49 is 21.5 years. Compared with the median age at first marriage shown earlier (22.3 years), these two figures indicate that first sexual intercourse (on average) occurs before first marriage” (36). “Almost nine in ten (89 percent) never-married young women have never had sexual intercourse” (153).
Aug. 13, 2016, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Some families subjected women to virginity tests before marriage” (31).
July 27, 2016, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“In fact, the BDHS results show that virtually no ever-married women reported initiating sexual activity before they first married. However, the information for men show some Bangladeshi males are engaging in premarital sexual activity and are willing to report the activity” (53).
July 27, 2016, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Women and men in Sierra Leone tend to initiate sexual activity before marriage. The median age at first sexual intercourse is 16.4 years for women and 18.0 years for men age 25-49” (53). “In Sierra Leone two in ten women age 20-49 first had sexual intercourse by age 15, nearly seven in ten by age 18, and more than eight in ten by age 20. The median age at first sex among women age 20-49 is 16.5 years—nearly two years younger than women’s median age at first marriage (18.2 years). There is no major variation in median age at first sexual intercourse by age group among women” (58). “Both women ...more
April 30, 2016, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Ten percent of women age 25-49 had first sex by age 15, while 52 percent had first sex by age 20. Older women are more likely than younger women to have had their first sexual encounter at an earlier age” (108). “Eight percent of young women and less than 1 percent of young men had sexual intercourse by age 15, while 38 percent of young women and 12 percent of young men had sexual intercourse by age 18” (208).
April 27, 2016, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Zambian women generally initiate sexual intercourse a year before their first marriage, while men initiate sexual intercourse 5 years before their first marriage” (55). “The median age at first sexual intercourse among women age 25-49 (17.3 years) is lower than the median age at first marriage (18.4 years), suggesting that Zambian women in general initiate sexual intercourse a year before their first marriage” (60). “The median age at first sexual intercourse among men age 25-49 is one year higher (18.3 years) than among women in the same group, mostly because men tend to marry later than women. Eleven percent of men age 25-49 had first sexual intercourse by age 15, ...more
April 27, 2016, 9:05 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Women and men generally do not wait until marriage to initiate sexual activity. The median age at first intercourse is 16.1 years among women and 18.7 years among men age 25-49” (xxiii). “The median age at first sexual intercourse among women age 20-49 is 16.1 years, which is more than one year below the median age at first marriage (17.2 years), suggesting that Sierra Leonean women generally have first sexual intercourse before their first marriage” (88). “The median age at first sexual intercourse among men age 25-49 (18.7 years) is almost six years below the median age at first marriage (24.5 years), indicating that many Sierra Leonean men initiate sexual ...more
April 26, 2016, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Among Cambodian women, the median age at first sex is about the same as the median age at first marriage. In contrast, men typically initiate sexual intercourse one full year before their first marriage” (97). “A comparison of the percentage of men who had first sexual intercourse by specific ages (Table 9.5) with the percentage of men first married by those ages (Table 9.3) shows some variation, indicating that men are more likely to engage in sexual activity prior to marriage than women” (103). “Among never-married youth age 15-24, only 1 percent of young women and 7 percent of young men reported that they had sexual intercourse in the past ...more
March 4, 2016, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1, LRW-LAW-4, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"The majority of marriages are still forced, honor killings are not unusual, and any involvement of the justice system in a rape case usually means that only the victim goes to jail, charged with adultery or with having had premarital sex — unless she, as a commonly imposed solution, is forced to marry her rapist"(2)