The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The testimony of women is equal to that of men in court, except on rape and other issues specifically stipulated by country’s legal code" (7). "Women have been historically disadvantaged, particularly in the application of Islamic law in matters such as divorce, education, inheritance, and providing legal testimony, including on rape" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In Zanzibar qadi courts handle inheritance, marital, and custody issues" (24).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Sharia (Islamic law) courts, which adjudicate criminal and family law, have the option of imposing flogging as punishment for adultery, prostitution, consensual premarital sex, pregnancy outside marriage, defamation of character, and drug or alcohol abuse" (3). "Women normally inherit less than men under the government’s interpretation of sharia" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"It is legal for parents and schools to inflict corporal punishment on boys, but not girls" (36).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The government interprets sharia as allowing corporal punishment for certain criminal offenses, including court-ordered flogging in cases of alcohol consumption and extramarital sex by Muslims" (2). "In matters involving family law, Shia and Sunni judges may apply their interpretations of sharia for their religious groups. In family law matters, a woman’s testimony or worth is not weighed equally with that of a man. In some cases a woman’s testimony is deemed half of a man’s, and in some cases a female witness is not accepted at all" (6).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Village courts tended to impose jail terms on women found guilty of adultery while penalizing men lightly or not at all. The law requires district courts to endorse orders for imprisonment before the imposing sentences, and National Court justices frequently annulled such village court sentences" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Sharia (Islamic law) courts have jurisdiction over personal status and family law cases for Sunni and Shia Muslims. Sharia, as implemented in the country, discriminates against women in judicial proceedings, freedom of movement, marriage, child custody, and inheritance...Secular courts allow any person to testify and consider male and female testimony equally, but in sharia courts the testimony of one man equals that of two women." (25).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned that discrimination against women continues to be perpetuated by the current coexistence and application of statutory, customary and religious laws (sharia) and that there is no envisaged time frame for the revision and repeal of discriminatory laws and provisions (see CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/5, para. 11)" (page 4). "The Committee . . . notes with concern the disproportionately adverse impact on rural women of the Land Code (2000), under which the application of customary law to land acquisition through succession, as well as to the administration of property, is recognized, thereby limiting women’s access to economic resources and financial credit" (page 11-12).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, that inequality in marriage and family relations continues to exist under the law and notes with particular concern: . . . The contradictions between the provisions of the Magna Carta of Women and those of the Code of Muslim Personal Laws and customary laws applicable to Muslim and indigenous communities, which provide for unequal relations between husband and wife, including harmful practices such as polygamy and child and forced marriage, as well as unequal practices with respect to inheritance" (page 14-15).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

". . . some statutory and customary laws, such as the Law of Marriage Act (1971), the Local Customary Law (Declaration) Order (1963), the Penal Code, the Tanzania Citizenship Act (1995) and inheritance laws, continue to contain discriminatory provisions that are incompatible with the Convention; . . . customary and religious law have not been fully harmonized with statutory law and aligned with the provisions of the Convention" (page 3). "[The Committee] is concerned, however, that women continue to face multiple barriers in obtaining access to justice, including the unavailability of courts, legal fees and a lack of legal literacy, especially in rural areas. It is particularly concerned that customary...more
June 8, 2018, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Previously, the criminal code in Ecuador only included protection measures that would go into effect if a woman filed a complaint directly with the judicial system. The new comprehensive law established special procedures and speeds up response times. For example, public servants (police officers, justice operators and other authorities) are now required to take immediate, timely and effective measures to any threat or act of violence against women" (para 8).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, PW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the efforts to review discriminatory laws by the Nigerian Law Reform Commission and through the ongoing constitutional review process. It also notes the pluralistic legal system in the State party, whereby statutory, customary and Islamic personal laws are applicable side by side. It is concerned that certain aspects of those laws are incompatible with one another and with the Convention" (4).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes Law No. 77/2014 amending Law No. 10039 on legal aid to provide access to legal assistance for women who are victims of gender-based violence. The Committee is concerned, however, that, despite that improvement, women, especially those belonging to disadvantaged and marginalized groups, remain unaware of their right to legal aid and continue to face significant legal and practical barriers in gaining access to justice, which is reflected in the low number of complaints filed. It is also concerned about the widespread problem of non-execution of court orders, including orders concerning the payment of alimony. The Committee is further concerned that the State party has still not reversed...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Wildland is in fact subject to both customary and modern law, with customs unfavourable to women carrying more weight" (33).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is gravely concerned at the State party’s restrictive interpretation of sharia law and at the adverse impact on women’s human rights of the recently adopted Sharia Penal Code Order 2013, which, under its third phase of implementation, will impose the death penalty by stoning for several 'crimes', in particular adultery and extramarital relations ( zina). While noting that the same penalties apply to women and men, the Committee is seriously concerned that women are disproportionately affected by punishment for 'crimes' involving sex, and are at a higher risk of being convicted of adultery and extramarital relations, owing to discriminatory investigative policies and provisions on the weighing of evidence....more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s third periodic report (CEDAW/C/LBN/3) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: Law No. 162 of 2011, repealing article 562 of the Penal Code, which had allowed reduced sentences for crimes committed in the name of so-called honour" (pg 1-2). "The Committee welcomes the initial review by the State party of legislation containing discriminatory provisions against women, but is concerned about the delays in adopting relevant amendments. The Committee welcomes the amendment of the Criminal Code and the repeal of its article 562. It is concerned, however, about the remaining discriminatory...more
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The fact that women largely continue to use the traditional rather than the formal justice system, which limits the enjoyment of their rights by perpetuating and reinforcing discriminatory social norms" (3). "That traditional or church marriages are rarely registered with the Civil Registry office, which means that women’s right to inheritance or property upon separation or as a result of bereavement are negatively affected by the lack of civil registration" (14).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party intends to strengthen and increase the number of legal clinics. It notes with concern, however, the persistence of many barriers to women’s access to justice, especially in cases of divorce and gender - based violence, such as women’s legal illiteracy, the lack of awareness in the State party and in its relevant national legislation of women ’s rights, gender stereotyping, including among law enforcement personnel and traditional chiefs, the subjection of women to customary and traditional legal systems, corruption within the judiciary, the unavailability of courts in rural areas, legal fees and the cost of medical certificates, which are borne by the victims...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee also notes the pluralistic legal system in the State party, where customary and statutory law are applicable side by side, and is concerned that certain elements of customary law are in conflict with statutory law and do not comply with the Convention" (4). "The Committee is also concerned that the legal age of marriage for girls under customary law is 16 years, while it is 18 years under statutory law" (14). This indicates that customary law can adjudicate marriage (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The inheritance laws for women in India run along the differently designed contours of religious and customary practices, each determining succession in its own peculiar way” (109).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"However, Burundian legislation still contains some outmoded laws and some matters have not been legislated. Nevertheless, reforms are under way. They have to do, in particular, with: 1) Inheritance, matrimonial regimes and gifts, which are still governed by customary law" (9). "However, given the lack of a law on inheritance, marital property and gifts (SRML), women are restricted in their entitlement to legal remedy because the tendency is to resort to custom" (30). "The Government has already made it a priority to conduct awareness campaigns for the population at all levels, including rural chiefs (communal and hillside community councils, as well as community leaders, including members of civil society organizations)....more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has a pluralistic legal system in which customary and statutory law are both applicable and that section 66 (1) of the Constitution provides that customary law is valid only to the extent to which it does not conflict with the Constitution or any other statutory law. The Committee is concerned, however, that some elements of customary law are not in compliance with the Convention. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that the Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare, in conjunction with the Law Reform and Development Commission, conduct a thorough gender analysis of all laws in the State party in...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The opposition says laws the AKP has ushered through, including one in November allowing Muslim clerics to conduct civil marriages, weaken women’s standing and encourage child brides" (para 31).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The very long delay in revising discriminatory provisions of the Family Code; (b) The existence in the Family Code of numerous discriminatory provisions, including provisions relating to the different minimum age of marriage for girls and boys; the husband being the head of the household; the choice of the family’s place of residence being made by the husband; the father’s name being granted to the child; polygamy; discrimination in the consequences of breach of marriage; and discrimination against Muslim women with regard to their right to inheritance; (c) The persistent practices of polygamy, child and early marriages and levirate marriages, and the lack of...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"While noting the State party’s efforts to register all marriages, including marriages conducted by religious or customary authorities, the Committee continues to be concerned that women married under customary law or religious law do not enjoy full access to the rights identified in the Convention" (15).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has a pluralistic legal system in which customary and statutory law are applicable side by side with Roman-Dutch law. The Committee is, however, concerned that some elements of customary and statutory law are not in compliance with the Convention. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has yet to establish a law review commission with a mandate to review and harmonize all laws with the Convention. The Committee regrets that section 28 (2) of the Constitution states that the provision of the facilities and opportunities necessary to enhance the welfare of women to enable them to realize their full potential and...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The 1978 Gender Equality Act contained a special exception to the prohibition against discrimination, covering religious communities. In the Gender Equality Act of 2013, the special rule for religious communities was rescinded. Differential treatment of men and women in religious communities must now be assessed in accordance with the general provision relating to legal differential treatment. Under that provision, differential treatment does not violate the prohibition against discrimination when the treatment in question has a fair objective and is necessary to achieve the purpose, and when the negative impact of the differential treatment on the person or persons whose position will worsen is reasonably proportionate in view of the intended...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"the Islamic Sharia, which optimally regulates relations within the family, is the primary authority in personal status matters" (49).