The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Personal status for civil matters was legally handled by religious courts, which applied religious laws of the various confessions and occasionally interfered in family matters such as child custody in the case of divorce" (11). "The law criminalizes rape and the use of threats or violence to claim a 'marital right to intercourse.' While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces" (27).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"On all these occasions, special emphasis is placed on the concepts of protection of rights, dignity, justice and the rule of law, which applies to everyone without exception. The first step in this direction is the elimination of traditional courts. Secondly, associations supported by ministries and international specialized agencies are carrying out extensive outreach to show people the importance of using the judicial system and not the traditional justice mechanisms in cases of violations of women’s rights" (9).
Feb. 1, 2020, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In addition to this Constitution, the laws of The Gambia consist of – ...the Shari’a as regards matters of marriage, divorce and inheritance among members of the communities to which it applies" (3-4)
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Tribal mediators commonly settled rural cases without reference to the formal court system" (8).
Jan. 28, 2020, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Lebanon has attempted to codify inheritance in a secular law for non-Muslims. The succession law brings important legal reforms to previous Islamic law, such as the lack of differential treatment based on sex and granting larger portions of the estate to the surviving spouse. It does not, however, apply to Muslims, thereby leaving Muslim women subject to succession rules of Shari’a, which makes several distinctions based on sex" (para 7)
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Khalida Khorsand, a 35-year-old rights activist from the western Afghan city of Herat, is skeptical about Taliban claims that it has dispensed with its strict rules against girls' education and women working. The militant Islamic group made the declaration in the midst of recent peace talks with U.S. envoy Zalmay Khalilzad aimed at bringing an end to the long U.S. military presence in Afghanistan" (para. 1-2). "In rural areas of Herat Province, where Khorsand worked for years to help women who are victims of domestic violence, Khorsand says she has seen disturbing signs of support for the punishments doled out by the Taliban under its strict enforcement of Islamic Shari'a...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 5:21 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"There have been cases in which Muslim men in India have divorced their wives by issuing the so-called triple talaq by letter, telephone and, increasingly, by text message, WhatsApp and Skype. A number of these cases made their way to the courts as women contested the custom. Triple talaq divorce has no mention in Sharia Islamic law or the Koran, even though the practice has existed for decades. Islamic scholars say the Koran clearly spells out how to issue a divorce - it has to be spread over three months, allowing a couple time for reflection and reconciliation. Most Islamic countries, including Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan and Bangladesh,...more
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In rural areas traditional courts continued to handle many local disputes, particularly property, inheritance, and witchcraft cases, and domestic conflicts that could not be resolved within the family" (9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Authorities prosecuted perpetrators if victims filed charges. There were reports that families or village elders settled many allegations of sexual violence informally through traditional means and without recourse to the formal court system" (page 9).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Basic Law sets out the system of governance, rights of citizens, powers and duties of the government, and provides that the Quran and Sunna (the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad) serve as the country’s constitution" (1). "While sharia as interpreted by the government applies to all citizens and noncitizens, the law and practice discriminate against women, noncitizens, nonpracticing Sunni, Shia, and persons of other religions. For example, in most cases a woman’s testimony before a court counts as only half that of a man’s" (18).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In the meantime, we visited the home thoroughly. There are 31 girls in this home. All the girls are school-going except 11 new inmates from Assam. It was found that there were no sleep beds in the home and mattresses were kept on the floor in a big hall" (para 151).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Although the constitution provides for equality between men and women and the 'right of every citizen to earn his wage according to the nature and yield of the work,' the law does not explicitly stipulate equal pay for equal work. Moreover, a number of sections of family and criminal law do not treat men and women equally" (Pg 46). "For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case" (Pg 46).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"That Act No. 62-11 of 16 March 1962 and Act No. 2004-50 of 22 July 2004 give precedence to the application of customary law over civil law in most personal status matters, including marriage, divorce, direct descent, inheritance, settlement of assets and wills and in relation to property ownership, adversely affecting women and girls" (4).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The National Commission on Violence against Women reported 421 policies that discriminate against women were issued by provincial, district and municipal administrations between 2009 and 2014. These include “morality laws” and antiprostitution regulations, such as those in Bantul and Tanggerang, that have been used to detain women walking alone at night. More than 70 local regulations require women to dress conservatively or wear a headscarf. The Ministry of Home Affairs is responsible for “harmonizing” local regulations that are not in line with national legislation, but as of August the ministry had not invoked this authority to overturn any gender discriminatory local regulations" (Pg 28).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The issue of the rights of the women in Bangladesh, in large measure, falls in the domain of family laws. The key areas are divorce, maintenance, inheritance, adoption of children, etc. The criminal law concerns the cases of felony or serious crimes (murder, attempt to murder and as well cases of sexual abuse and violence). While the criminal law is identical in application and enforced uniformly to all the citizens of Bangladesh, the family law is not. It is based on religious traditions, and thus, separate codes of family laws are applied according to the religious denominations of the concerned groups; Islamic personal laws for the Muslims, Hindu personal laws...more
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The NGOCC and several of its member organizations observed that the country’s dual system of customary and statutory law made it difficult to end injustices against women. For instance polygyny is legally permitted under customary law. Women’s organizations stated that the bride price had entrenched societal patriarchal dominance. The practice of “sexual cleansing,” in which a widow is compelled to have sexual relations with her late husband’s relatives as part of a cleansing ritual, declined significantly; some local leaders banned the practice. The penal code prohibits “sexual cleansing” of girls under age 16" (Pg 21). "Local customary law generally discriminates against women. It subordinates women with respect to property ownership,...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Although women and men are equal under the law, women continued to experience discrimination in education, pay (see section 7.d.), pension benefits, and inheritance. In urban areas women and girls dominated market activities and commerce. Harsh economic conditions in rural areas, where most of the population lived, left women with little time for activities other than domestic tasks and agricultural fieldwork. While formal law supersedes traditional law, it is slow, distant, and expensive to access; rural women were effectively subject to traditional law" (Pg 12).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Family status law varied according to Shia or Sunni interpretations of Islamic law, especially for women. On July 19, King Hamad ratified a new Unified Family Law, which for the first time included a civil code for Shia family law. According to supporters of the law, the new civil code provides for the protection of Shia, in particular Shia women, from the imposition of arbitrary decisions by unregulated clerics" (p. 13).
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Women faced widespread legal and societal discrimination, particularly in matters of marriage, divorce, property, and inheritance, which are guided by customary law in all areas except the capital. Formal laws apply in customary as well as formal courts, but customary judges had limited or no legal training and often were unaware of formal laws or chose to ignore them. Chiefs sometimes colluded with men to evict women and children forcibly from their homes or subject them to arbitrary detention. In some cases chiefs imposed arbitrary and exorbitant fines, imprisoned women unlawfully in their homes or 'chiefdom jails,' and expelled them from the community. Women’s rights and status under customary law...more
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Despite this commitment, and in spite of Afghanistan’s ratification of CEDAW, discrimination against women is often explicitly written into some of Afghanistan’s laws. A particularly glaring example is the Shia Personal Status Law, signed by President Karzai in 2009, which includes provisions that strip Shia Afghan women of the women's rights enshrined in Afghanistan's constitution. The law gives a husband the right to withdraw basic maintenance from his wife, including food, if she refuses to obey his sexual demands. It grants guardianship of children exclusively to their fathers and grandfathers. It requires women to get permission from their husbands to work. It also effectively allows a rapist to avoid prosecution...more
June 20, 2019, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The housing law, which governs the government housing system, discriminates against women married to noncitizen men and against divorced women" (p. 15).
June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The courts granted only half as large an indemnity to the family of a female victim as that accorded to the family of a male victim. The personal status code provides a framework for the consistent application of secular law and sharia-based family law, but judicial officials did not always respect it"(p. 18).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Women may be charged with moral crimes, like khilwa (which means mixing with unrelated members of the opposite sex) or with fleeing from their homes" (25).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In sharia courts, which have jurisdiction over Muslim marriage, divorce, and inheritance cases, the testimony of one man equals that of two women" (10). "Conditions in the women’s prisons were generally better than conditions in most of the men’s prisons, but overcrowding at Jweideh was a problem" (4). "Governors used this provision widely, including to place women in “protective detention” when family members threatened to kill them to protect family honor. Although incarcerated indefinitely, these women faced no legal charges and posed no threat to public safety. Human rights advocates estimated authorities held 40 to 50 women under protective detention throughout the year" (8).Special courts for each Christian denomination adjudicate...more
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Although the constitution provides for equality for women in political, economic, and social spheres, women experienced extensive discrimination in obtaining employment, credit, equal pay, and in owning or managing businesses. The law on persons and the family bans all discrimination against women in marriage and provides for the right to equal inheritance" (p. 15).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In addition to established courts, there is a tribal justice system for noncriminal issues. Tribal judges, usually respected neutral sheikhs, often also adjudicated criminal cases under tribal law. Authorities usually did not formally charge persons tried under the tribal system usually but rather publicly accused them. Tribal mediation often emphasized social cohesion more than punishment. The results carried the same weight as court judgments, if not more, because the public often respected the tribal process more than a formal court system seen by many as corrupt and lacking independence" (12). "In the past the government enacted regulations to reduce a form of sex tourism in which significant numbers of foreigners,...more
May 21, 2019, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law grants men and women the same legal status and rights, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (p. 13).
May 21, 2019, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Facilities for prisoners serving their sentences were at almost 103 percent of capacity in the first seven months of the year in prisons for men. There was no overcrowding in prisons for women" (p. 2).
May 16, 2019, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Religious arbitration varies in formality and openness; what is consistent is the power and control arbitrators hold and how they are perceived in eyes of the women and the community. Impacts of arbitration behind closed doors must be investigated." (para. 2). "In my experience, this vulnerability is often used by religious arbitrators to coerce them into doing things that benefit the reputation of the community and family, rather than the safety of the children or the woman." (para 6). "The ‘Sharia court’ told her that her husband’s physical and verbal abuse resulted from her not fulfilling her wifely duties sexually. She expressed to me that she blamed herself. The ‘Sharia...more
May 13, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"A pop group has been banned by Iran's religious police after a female guitarist sang a 12 second solo at their concert in Tehran. Negin Parsa was playing guitar in singer Hamid Askari's well known band on January 30 at the Milad Tower concert venue. But Iranian law - which is dictated by Islamic Sharia law - only permits that women sing in front of other women and can only sing in front of men as part of a duet or chorus" (para 1-3).