The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In rural areas traditional courts continued to handle many local disputes, particularly property, inheritance, and witchcraft cases, and domestic conflicts that could not be resolved within the family" (9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros

"Authorities prosecuted perpetrators if victims filed charges. There were reports that families or village elders settled many allegations of sexual violence informally through traditional means and without recourse to the formal court system" (page 9).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Basic Law sets out the system of governance, rights of citizens, powers and duties of the government, and provides that the Quran and Sunna (the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad) serve as the country’s constitution" (1). "While sharia as interpreted by the government applies to all citizens and noncitizens, the law and practice discriminate against women, noncitizens, nonpracticing Sunni, Shia, and persons of other religions. For example, in most cases a woman’s testimony before a court counts as only half that of a man’s" (18).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In the meantime, we visited the home thoroughly. There are 31 girls in this home. All the girls are school-going except 11 new inmates from Assam. It was found that there were no sleep beds in the home and mattresses were kept on the floor in a big hall" (para 151).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Although the constitution provides for equality between men and women and the 'right of every citizen to earn his wage according to the nature and yield of the work,' the law does not explicitly stipulate equal pay for equal work. Moreover, a number of sections of family and criminal law do not treat men and women equally" (Pg 46). "For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case" (Pg 46).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"That Act No. 62-11 of 16 March 1962 and Act No. 2004-50 of 22 July 2004 give precedence to the application of customary law over civil law in most personal status matters, including marriage, divorce, direct descent, inheritance, settlement of assets and wills and in relation to property ownership, adversely affecting women and girls" (4).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The National Commission on Violence against Women reported 421 policies that discriminate against women were issued by provincial, district and municipal administrations between 2009 and 2014. These include “morality laws” and antiprostitution regulations, such as those in Bantul and Tanggerang, that have been used to detain women walking alone at night. More than 70 local regulations require women to dress conservatively or wear a headscarf. The Ministry of Home Affairs is responsible for “harmonizing” local regulations that are not in line with national legislation, but as of August the ministry had not invoked this authority to overturn any gender discriminatory local regulations" (Pg 28).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh

"The issue of the rights of the women in Bangladesh, in large measure, falls in the domain of family laws. The key areas are divorce, maintenance, inheritance, adoption of children, etc. The criminal law concerns the cases of felony or serious crimes (murder, attempt to murder and as well cases of sexual abuse and violence). While the criminal law is identical in application and enforced uniformly to all the citizens of Bangladesh, the family law is not. It is based on religious traditions, and thus, separate codes of family laws are applied according to the religious denominations of the concerned groups; Islamic personal laws for the Muslims, Hindu personal laws...more
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The NGOCC and several of its member organizations observed that the country’s dual system of customary and statutory law made it difficult to end injustices against women. For instance polygyny is legally permitted under customary law. Women’s organizations stated that the bride price had entrenched societal patriarchal dominance. The practice of “sexual cleansing,” in which a widow is compelled to have sexual relations with her late husband’s relatives as part of a cleansing ritual, declined significantly; some local leaders banned the practice. The penal code prohibits “sexual cleansing” of girls under age 16" (Pg 21). "Local customary law generally discriminates against women. It subordinates women with respect to property ownership,...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo

"Although women and men are equal under the law, women continued to experience discrimination in education, pay (see section 7.d.), pension benefits, and inheritance. In urban areas women and girls dominated market activities and commerce. Harsh economic conditions in rural areas, where most of the population lived, left women with little time for activities other than domestic tasks and agricultural fieldwork. While formal law supersedes traditional law, it is slow, distant, and expensive to access; rural women were effectively subject to traditional law" (Pg 12).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Family status law varied according to Shia or Sunni interpretations of Islamic law, especially for women. On July 19, King Hamad ratified a new Unified Family Law, which for the first time included a civil code for Shia family law. According to supporters of the law, the new civil code provides for the protection of Shia, in particular Shia women, from the imposition of arbitrary decisions by unregulated clerics" (p. 13).
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Women faced widespread legal and societal discrimination, particularly in matters of marriage, divorce, property, and inheritance, which are guided by customary law in all areas except the capital. Formal laws apply in customary as well as formal courts, but customary judges had limited or no legal training and often were unaware of formal laws or chose to ignore them. Chiefs sometimes colluded with men to evict women and children forcibly from their homes or subject them to arbitrary detention. In some cases chiefs imposed arbitrary and exorbitant fines, imprisoned women unlawfully in their homes or 'chiefdom jails,' and expelled them from the community. Women’s rights and status under customary law...more
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Despite this commitment, and in spite of Afghanistan’s ratification of CEDAW, discrimination against women is often explicitly written into some of Afghanistan’s laws. A particularly glaring example is the Shia Personal Status Law, signed by President Karzai in 2009, which includes provisions that strip Shia Afghan women of the women's rights enshrined in Afghanistan's constitution. The law gives a husband the right to withdraw basic maintenance from his wife, including food, if she refuses to obey his sexual demands. It grants guardianship of children exclusively to their fathers and grandfathers. It requires women to get permission from their husbands to work. It also effectively allows a rapist to avoid prosecution...more
June 20, 2019, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Qatar

"The housing law, which governs the government housing system, discriminates against women married to noncitizen men and against divorced women" (p. 15).
June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The courts granted only half as large an indemnity to the family of a female victim as that accorded to the family of a male victim. The personal status code provides a framework for the consistent application of secular law and sharia-based family law, but judicial officials did not always respect it"(p. 18).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Women may be charged with moral crimes, like khilwa (which means mixing with unrelated members of the opposite sex) or with fleeing from their homes" (25).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In sharia courts, which have jurisdiction over Muslim marriage, divorce, and inheritance cases, the testimony of one man equals that of two women" (10). "Conditions in the women’s prisons were generally better than conditions in most of the men’s prisons, but overcrowding at Jweideh was a problem" (4). "Governors used this provision widely, including to place women in “protective detention” when family members threatened to kill them to protect family honor. Although incarcerated indefinitely, these women faced no legal charges and posed no threat to public safety. Human rights advocates estimated authorities held 40 to 50 women under protective detention throughout the year" (8).Special courts for each Christian denomination adjudicate...more
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Although the constitution provides for equality for women in political, economic, and social spheres, women experienced extensive discrimination in obtaining employment, credit, equal pay, and in owning or managing businesses. The law on persons and the family bans all discrimination against women in marriage and provides for the right to equal inheritance" (p. 15).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In addition to established courts, there is a tribal justice system for noncriminal issues. Tribal judges, usually respected neutral sheikhs, often also adjudicated criminal cases under tribal law. Authorities usually did not formally charge persons tried under the tribal system usually but rather publicly accused them. Tribal mediation often emphasized social cohesion more than punishment. The results carried the same weight as court judgments, if not more, because the public often respected the tribal process more than a formal court system seen by many as corrupt and lacking independence" (12). "In the past the government enacted regulations to reduce a form of sex tourism in which significant numbers of foreigners,...more
May 21, 2019, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law grants men and women the same legal status and rights, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (p. 13).
May 21, 2019, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Facilities for prisoners serving their sentences were at almost 103 percent of capacity in the first seven months of the year in prisons for men. There was no overcrowding in prisons for women" (p. 2).
May 16, 2019, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Religious arbitration varies in formality and openness; what is consistent is the power and control arbitrators hold and how they are perceived in eyes of the women and the community. Impacts of arbitration behind closed doors must be investigated." (para. 2). "In my experience, this vulnerability is often used by religious arbitrators to coerce them into doing things that benefit the reputation of the community and family, rather than the safety of the children or the woman." (para 6). "The ‘Sharia court’ told her that her husband’s physical and verbal abuse resulted from her not fulfilling her wifely duties sexually. She expressed to me that she blamed herself. The ‘Sharia...more
May 13, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Iran

"A pop group has been banned by Iran's religious police after a female guitarist sang a 12 second solo at their concert in Tehran. Negin Parsa was playing guitar in singer Hamid Askari's well known band on January 30 at the Milad Tower concert venue. But Iranian law - which is dictated by Islamic Sharia law - only permits that women sing in front of other women and can only sing in front of men as part of a duet or chorus" (para 1-3).
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Employment Equality Act 2015 eliminated certain exemptions for state- affiliated institutions. Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex community, divorcees, single parents working in state-owned or state- funded schools, and hospitals operated under religious patronage have the same legal protections against discrimination as workers in the private sector" (18).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Courts dismissed some cases of domestic abuse and incest or gave perpetrators light sentences. Traditional and religious practices of reconciliation between aggrieved parties in both indigenous and Indo-Fijian communities were sometimes considered to mitigate sentences in domestic violence cases" (16). "Women have the same rights and status as men under family law and in the judicial system" (16).
April 24, 2019, 11:38 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Both men and women have the right to initiate divorce proceedings" (p. 20).
April 22, 2019, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

"For a woman to obtain a divorce with a financial settlement, she must prove her husband inflicted physical or moral harm upon her, abandoned her for at least three months, or had not provided for her or their children’s upkeep. Physical abuse claims require medical reports and two male witnesses. It is up to the judge’s discretion to consider women as full witnesses or half witnesses. Alternatively, women may divorce by paying compensation or surrendering their dowry to their husbands" (p. 25).
April 17, 2019, 9:19 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law establishes sentences of one to three years in prison for public officials who deny a person’s civil rights based on gender" (p. 23 - 24).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Separate religious court systems adjudicate matters such as marriage and divorce for the Jewish, Muslim, Christian, and Druze communities. The country lacks a civil marriage law. In order to be considered legal, civil marriages, marriages of some non-Orthodox Jews, marriages in non-Orthodox ceremonies, same-sex marriages, marriages of a Jew to a non-Jew, or marriages of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim must take place outside the country to be considered legal, because religious courts refuse to conduct these marriages" (17). "The majority of Jewish citizens objected to exclusive Orthodox control over aspects of their personal lives, including marriage and 'kashrut' (Jewish dietary laws), according to a survey of 800 Jewish...more
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Islamic Republic of Iran is a theocratic republic with a Shia Islamic political system based on 'velayat-e faqih' ('guardianship of the jurist' or 'rule by the jurisprudent'). Shia clergy, most notably the 'Rahbar' ('supreme jurisprudent' or 'supreme leader'), and political leaders vetted by the clergy dominate key power structures" (1). "Prosecutors frequently used moharebeh as a criminal charge against political dissidents and journalists, accusing them of 'struggling against the precepts of Islam' and against the state that upholds those precepts. Authorities have expanded the scope of this to include 'working to undermine the Islamic establishment' and 'cooperating with foreign agents or entities.' The judiciary is required to review and...more