The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

". . . some statutory and customary laws, such as the Law of Marriage Act (1971), the Local Customary Law (Declaration) Order (1963), the Penal Code, the Tanzania Citizenship Act (1995) and inheritance laws, continue to contain discriminatory provisions that are incompatible with the Convention; . . . customary and religious law have not been fully harmonized with statutory law and aligned with the provisions of the Convention" (page 3). "[The Committee] is concerned, however, that women continue to face multiple barriers in obtaining access to justice, including the unavailability of courts, legal fees and a lack of legal literacy, especially in rural areas. It is particularly concerned that customary...more
June 8, 2018, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Previously, the criminal code in Ecuador only included protection measures that would go into effect if a woman filed a complaint directly with the judicial system. The new comprehensive law established special procedures and speeds up response times. For example, public servants (police officers, justice operators and other authorities) are now required to take immediate, timely and effective measures to any threat or act of violence against women" (para 8).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, PW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the recent Constitutional Court judgment which, in effect, decriminalizes a religious marriage that was not preceded by a civil marriage, may provoke an increase in the number of polygamous and child marriages and may constitute a significant risk for women, given that unregistered religious marriages leave them with no economic protection guaranteed by civil law" (page 16).
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Village courts tended to impose jail terms on women found guilty of adultery while penalizing men lightly or not at all. The law requires district courts to endorse orders for imprisonment before the imposing sentences, and National Court justices frequently annulled such village court sentences" (16).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the efforts to review discriminatory laws by the Nigerian Law Reform Commission and through the ongoing constitutional review process. It also notes the pluralistic legal system in the State party, whereby statutory, customary and Islamic personal laws are applicable side by side. It is concerned that certain aspects of those laws are incompatible with one another and with the Convention" (4).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes Law No. 77/2014 amending Law No. 10039 on legal aid to provide access to legal assistance for women who are victims of gender-based violence. The Committee is concerned, however, that, despite that improvement, women, especially those belonging to disadvantaged and marginalized groups, remain unaware of their right to legal aid and continue to face significant legal and practical barriers in gaining access to justice, which is reflected in the low number of complaints filed. It is also concerned about the widespread problem of non-execution of court orders, including orders concerning the payment of alimony. The Committee is further concerned that the State party has still not reversed...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Wildland is in fact subject to both customary and modern law, with customs unfavourable to women carrying more weight" (33).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei

"The Committee is gravely concerned at the State party’s restrictive interpretation of sharia law and at the adverse impact on women’s human rights of the recently adopted Sharia Penal Code Order 2013, which, under its third phase of implementation, will impose the death penalty by stoning for several 'crimes', in particular adultery and extramarital relations ( zina). While noting that the same penalties apply to women and men, the Committee is seriously concerned that women are disproportionately affected by punishment for 'crimes' involving sex, and are at a higher risk of being convicted of adultery and extramarital relations, owing to discriminatory investigative policies and provisions on the weighing of evidence....more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s third periodic report (CEDAW/C/LBN/3) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: Law No. 162 of 2011, repealing article 562 of the Penal Code, which had allowed reduced sentences for crimes committed in the name of so-called honour" (pg 1-2). "The Committee welcomes the initial review by the State party of legislation containing discriminatory provisions against women, but is concerned about the delays in adopting relevant amendments. The Committee welcomes the amendment of the Criminal Code and the repeal of its article 562. It is concerned, however, about the remaining discriminatory...more
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The fact that women largely continue to use the traditional rather than the formal justice system, which limits the enjoyment of their rights by perpetuating and reinforcing discriminatory social norms" (3). "That traditional or church marriages are rarely registered with the Civil Registry office, which means that women’s right to inheritance or property upon separation or as a result of bereavement are negatively affected by the lack of civil registration" (14).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party intends to strengthen and increase the number of legal clinics. It notes with concern, however, the persistence of many barriers to women’s access to justice, especially in cases of divorce and gender - based violence, such as women’s legal illiteracy, the lack of awareness in the State party and in its relevant national legislation of women ’s rights, gender stereotyping, including among law enforcement personnel and traditional chiefs, the subjection of women to customary and traditional legal systems, corruption within the judiciary, the unavailability of courts in rural areas, legal fees and the cost of medical certificates, which are borne by the victims...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee also notes the pluralistic legal system in the State party, where customary and statutory law are applicable side by side, and is concerned that certain elements of customary law are in conflict with statutory law and do not comply with the Convention" (4). "The Committee is also concerned that the legal age of marriage for girls under customary law is 16 years, while it is 18 years under statutory law" (14). This indicates that customary law can adjudicate marriage (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The inheritance laws for women in India run along the differently designed contours of religious and customary practices, each determining succession in its own peculiar way” (109).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"However, Burundian legislation still contains some outmoded laws and some matters have not been legislated. Nevertheless, reforms are under way. They have to do, in particular, with: 1) Inheritance, matrimonial regimes and gifts, which are still governed by customary law" (9). "However, given the lack of a law on inheritance, marital property and gifts (SRML), women are restricted in their entitlement to legal remedy because the tendency is to resort to custom" (30). "The Government has already made it a priority to conduct awareness campaigns for the population at all levels, including rural chiefs (communal and hillside community councils, as well as community leaders, including members of civil society organizations)....more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has a pluralistic legal system in which customary and statutory law are both applicable and that section 66 (1) of the Constitution provides that customary law is valid only to the extent to which it does not conflict with the Constitution or any other statutory law. The Committee is concerned, however, that some elements of customary law are not in compliance with the Convention. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that the Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare, in conjunction with the Law Reform and Development Commission, conduct a thorough gender analysis of all laws in the State party in...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey

"The opposition says laws the AKP has ushered through, including one in November allowing Muslim clerics to conduct civil marriages, weaken women’s standing and encourage child brides" (para 31).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The very long delay in revising discriminatory provisions of the Family Code; (b) The existence in the Family Code of numerous discriminatory provisions, including provisions relating to the different minimum age of marriage for girls and boys; the husband being the head of the household; the choice of the family’s place of residence being made by the husband; the father’s name being granted to the child; polygamy; discrimination in the consequences of breach of marriage; and discrimination against Muslim women with regard to their right to inheritance; (c) The persistent practices of polygamy, child and early marriages and levirate marriages, and the lack of...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"While noting the State party’s efforts to register all marriages, including marriages conducted by religious or customary authorities, the Committee continues to be concerned that women married under customary law or religious law do not enjoy full access to the rights identified in the Convention" (15).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has a pluralistic legal system in which customary and statutory law are applicable side by side with Roman-Dutch law. The Committee is, however, concerned that some elements of customary and statutory law are not in compliance with the Convention. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has yet to establish a law review commission with a mandate to review and harmonize all laws with the Convention. The Committee regrets that section 28 (2) of the Constitution states that the provision of the facilities and opportunities necessary to enhance the welfare of women to enable them to realize their full potential and...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The 1978 Gender Equality Act contained a special exception to the prohibition against discrimination, covering religious communities. In the Gender Equality Act of 2013, the special rule for religious communities was rescinded. Differential treatment of men and women in religious communities must now be assessed in accordance with the general provision relating to legal differential treatment. Under that provision, differential treatment does not violate the prohibition against discrimination when the treatment in question has a fair objective and is necessary to achieve the purpose, and when the negative impact of the differential treatment on the person or persons whose position will worsen is reasonably proportionate in view of the intended...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"the Islamic Sharia, which optimally regulates relations within the family, is the primary authority in personal status matters" (49).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Government of Kenya through the leadership and coordination of the National Gender Machinery in partnership with other actors is undertaking various programmes to address GBV in the work place and in the public sector: … Engaging various informal justice systems in Kenya including Council of Elders, in different regions. These programmes are important as informal justice systems to the women at the grass-roots level" (15). "The issue of women married under customary law without any certificates as proof of such marriages when applying for passports has been resolved under the Marriage Act (2014) requiring that customary marriages be officially registered after three months" (24). "The Law of Succession Act...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The holistic support that is at the heart of the pilot project ( Reproductive Health Act -Oxfam, UN Women, MUJERES and Dimol)seeks to guarantee that GBV victims receive benefits ranging from medical expenses to legal aid to social reintegration" (pg 25).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned about…(c) The tendency of sharia court chambers to rule in favour of the husband in divorce, alimony and child custody proceedings; (d) The absence of legislation offering a civil alternative to the Personal Status Law" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The sharia courts and ecclesiastical courts have the authority to rule on cases involving personal status and marital disputes that relate to marriage contracts, including divorce, separation, alimony, child support and custody. Unfortunately, rulings are often made on the basis of personal status codes that are still discriminatory against women. Each sharia court has a family counselling unit that tries to strengthen family bonds and resolve disputes between spouses. Such units help to minimize marital disputes and divorce. Periodic workshops are held to discuss and develop standard operating procedures for those units, with sharia judges in attendance. During the 2014-2016 period, several training sessions were held for Government and sharia...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee, however, remains concerned about women’s limited access to justice mainly due to […] The fact that for the majority of women, personal and family law matters are regulated by religious and customary law, principles of which have been found to be in violation of the Convention" (3).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Muslims, Christians and Jews were all recognized as self-governing utnit (or 'millets'), and allowed to impose restrictive religious laws on their own members" (9). "As part of this agreement, the Israeli government decided to grant the rabbinical courts jurisdiction over issues pertaining to personal status...Consequently, such matters are determined in accordance with religious laws by the religious courts of different communities. The religious courts are granted exclusive jurisdiction over matters of marriage and divorce and concurrent jurisdiction with the civil courts regarding issues of maintenance and succession" (10). "The exclusion of marriage and divorce from women's constitutional right to equality has prompted many couples to prefer civil marriage over religious...more
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Earlier this month, Iraq’s parliament received amendments to its constitution that — if approved — will fundamentally change Iraqi women’s legal rights. The amendments include sectarian religious laws — breaking with the current law based on Sunni and Shiite jurisprudence" (para 1). "Proposing to adopt a sectarian system breaks with the political legacy that the Iraqi personal status code is meant to represent. Originally championed by prominent feminists and the anti-imperialist, secular left, they fought for its establishment in 1959 to protect women’s rights outside of sectarian divides" (para 10). "Changing the personal status code in this way would bring Iraq’s legal environment back to the period when the country...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Afghan officials could not provide exact numbers on divorces initiated by women, as is the case with most stastics in the country. Most marriages are traditional and not registered in courts" (para 8).