The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Muslims, Christians and Jews were all recognized as self-governing utnit (or 'millets'), and allowed to impose restrictive religious laws on their own members" (9). "As part of this agreement, the Israeli government decided to grant the rabbinical courts jurisdiction over issues pertaining to personal status...Consequently, such matters are determined in accordance with religious laws by the religious courts of different communities. The religious courts are granted exclusive jurisdiction over matters of marriage and divorce and concurrent jurisdiction with the civil courts regarding issues of maintenance and succession" (10). "The exclusion of marriage and divorce from women's constitutional right to equality has prompted many couples to prefer civil marriage over religious ...more
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Earlier this month, Iraq’s parliament received amendments to its constitution that — if approved — will fundamentally change Iraqi women’s legal rights. The amendments include sectarian religious laws — breaking with the current law based on Sunni and Shiite jurisprudence" (para 1). "Proposing to adopt a sectarian system breaks with the political legacy that the Iraqi personal status code is meant to represent. Originally championed by prominent feminists and the anti-imperialist, secular left, they fought for its establishment in 1959 to protect women’s rights outside of sectarian divides" (para 10). "Changing the personal status code in this way would bring Iraq’s legal environment back to the period when the country ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Afghan officials could not provide exact numbers on divorces initiated by women, as is the case with most stastics in the country. Most marriages are traditional and not registered in courts" (para 8).
Dec. 13, 2017, 10 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

" While the Elimination of Violence against Women Act (EVAW), signed into law by President Hamid Karzai in 2009, exists to give women legal protection against violence, in most of these cases, it is largely ignored. This is the case with many laws in Afghanistan as the infrastructure recovers from years of conflict and war. 87 percent of Afghan women say that they face some kind of violence at home, but, partly due to the poor implementation of EVAW, the vast majority of gender-based violence cases never make it to court. Only a few thousand cases of violence are even reported every year. Only 7 percent of all those cases ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Taliban insurgents have stoned a woman to death but left the man after whipping him over adultery in northeastern Badakhshan province of Afghanistan" (para 1). "The district administrative chief Dawlat Mohammad Khawar confirmed the incident and said the woman was stoned to death after she faced a trial openly along with the man from the Taliban insurgents" (para 3).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"As predicted, family advisers from Diyanet (Religious Affairs Directorate) are to be appointed to reconcile couples, as well as helping them through divorce. For example, the report advocates that if the divorce court observes there is still hope for the couple and their marriage; they will be referred to work with family advisers. Given the Islamic approach of Diyanet to gender issues, one cannot help but wonder how their advice will balance out with the secular civic code. Understandably, opponents of the draft report voice concerns about the rising influence of Islamic laws on Turkish civil code to prevent divorce, as the data is controversial. . . . Second, issues ...more
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In its recommendations, the committee urged to ensure that those responsible for the approval of forced and child marriage, including judges, parents, guardians, religious or traditional leaders are held accountable" (para 6). "[The committee] also called for increasing the age of criminal responsibility, especially for girls which is set at full 9 lunar years for certain crimes, and is 'extremely low'" (para 7).
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"Women have been denied equal inheritance rights to property in several countries. A study of inheritance laws in six countries in South Asia found that women’s inheritance rights are severely restricted by laws and customs that govern family and social relations. Formal laws sometimes discriminate indirectly, by deferring to customary or religious laws. Discrimination is particularly notable in Pakistan and northwestern India, but these are by no means the only regions of concern"(25)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Women have been denied equal inheritance rights to property in several countries. A study of inheritance laws in six countries in South Asia found that women’s inheritance rights are severely restricted by laws and customs that govern family and social relations. Formal laws sometimes discriminate indirectly, by deferring to customary or religious laws. Discrimination is particularly notable in Pakistan and northwestern India, but these are by no means the only regions of concern"(25)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Bangladesh, for instance, follows Muslim religious laws for inheritance, which stipulate that a daughter inherits one-half the share of her brother, a wife can claim one-eighth of the property, while a mother gets one-sixth (Ramachandran 2006)"(25)
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"In Iran where there is a religious government in place, the authorities easily justify this type of [political] violence. Examples demonstrating this assertion include the ‘promotion of virtue and prevention of vice’, an Islamic concept to promote a religious way of life, personal preferences in implementation of laws, an emphasis on the domestic role of women and gender–based segregation" (para 11).
Nov. 8, 2017, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The new measure [banning the production and sale of burqas] comes in addition to tightened controls on religious activities in all Moroccan mosques, with preventative checks on the sermons"(para 7). If religious activities are being regulated, then religious or customary law may not have force in this society (ENB-Coder Comment)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Most of these crimes are punishable under Russian law. Yet, Russia is not able or is reluctant to enforce some aspects of its laws when it comes to gender-based violations, in some of its North Caucasus republics where women’s problems continue to be under-researched, under-reported, and insufficiently addressed by both central and local authorities"(para 7)."However, for a woman in Chechnya, Ingushetia or Dagestan the situation is further complicated by the fact that Russian law is just one of the three co-existing legal systems that regulate her position: customary law, Islamic sharia law and/or Russian law. All these systems are open to arbitrary interpretations, which can lead to serious infringement of ...more
Oct. 11, 2017, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"While Malaysian civil law sets the minimum age of marriage at 18, the law is riddled with exceptions. Girls 16 and older can marry with permission of their state’s chief minister. For Muslims, Islamic law sets a 16-year minimum age for girls and permits even earlier marriages, with no apparent minimum, with the permission of a syariah court" (para 8-10).
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"As part of Women's Voices Program funded by UN Women- Fund for Gender Equality; the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights (ECWR) cooperated with Radio Sawt El Arab to launch the radio program titled 'She& Her Sisters'. This program aims to support the Egyptian women and discuss the issues that affect the society in general and women in particular such as...women’s rights in Islam"(para 1)."Some episodes will address the women’s rights in Islam at the level of family and the finical independence of women and the right to work and to the political participation. The program as well uses Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad to support women's rights"(para 5)more
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The chief rabbinate court in Tel Aviv, pictured, has banned a US businessman from leaving Israel because his son is refusing to grant a divorce to his partially disabled wife"(para 3)."In Israel, where all marriages are subject to religious law, this norm has left thousands of women in legal limbo due to husbands who refuse to grant divorces. In recent decades, the rabbinical courts have gained the authority to impose various sanctions against recalcitrant husbands"(para 4-5)."Israel's state-sanctioned rabbinate oversees many aspects of daily life for the Jewish majority, including marriage and divorce. There are no civil marriages, meaning that couples must marry or divorce according to religious law — or ...more
Sept. 1, 2017, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

“The 16-year-old was kidnapped from her home near Abbottabad, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and put inside a vehicle that was set alight, police said. … Police say the victim's mother and the leader of the local council, or jirga, are among several people arrested. The killing has been linked to orders given last week by the jirga, a traditional assembly of elders, in Makol village, Pakistan's Dawn newspaper reported. According to police, the 15-member jirga had ordered the girl, named as Amber, to be killed and set alight as punishment for helping her friend to marry of her own free will” (para 1-5).
Aug. 10, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

"There is no regulatory framework to deal with overall marriages and mainly the issue of child marriages amongst the non-Muslim minorities in Pakistan. All religious minority groups perform and register marriages according to their religious practices, and no consideration is given to the age of children. In 2011 and 2012, the previous federal government was pushing coalition partners for the enactment of the Hindu Marriage Bill 2011 which provided for the prohibition marriage of non-Muslim girls and boys below 18 years of age, it is dire need to formulate the policies of non-Muslims forced marriages registration act, to protect non-Muslims forced religion and forced marriages keeping in mind early/child marriages" ...more
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Sharia (Islamic law) governs family matters, including inheritance, divorce, and the right to own property" (25).
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Traditional law discriminates against women and sometimes took precedence over formal law, particularly in rural areas" (23). "Legal testimony given by women carries less weight than testimony by men, in accordance with Islamic precepts and customary law" (23).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Customary law covers marriage and divorce for non-Muslims, inheritance, land tenure, tribal and clan leadership, and other traditional and social relations...Customary law recognizes the rights of all citizens regardless of age, gender, and religion; however, it requires women to show respect for their husbands and children for their parents. Sharia applies in domestic matters, including Muslim marriage, divorce, and inheritance" (9). "Sharia applies in marriage, divorce, and inheritance cases for Muslims, who make up more than 90 percent of the population" (21). "The respective churches and the Office of the Attorney General settled civil marriage and divorce issues affecting Christians" (21).
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Lack of legislation regulating traditional marriages and other aspects of family law also permitted discrimination against women, particularly with respect to polygyny, inheritance, and child custody" (23).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Traditional law stipulates that a price be paid to the victim’s family for crimes such as murder and rape. Most parties preferred traditional court rulings for sensitive issues such as rape, where a peaceful consensus among those involved was valued over the rights of victims" (7). "In accordance with sharia, men inherit a larger proportion of estates than do women" (20).
Jan. 31, 2017, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"There were reports that families or village elders settled many allegations of sexual violence informally through traditional means and without recourse to the formal court system" (9-10).
Jan. 30, 2017, 6 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Nine Sudanese women have been sentenced to 40 lashes - each - all because they wore trousers. They're aged between 17 and 23 and are being tried under Sharia (or Islamic) law - even though they're Christians. And while wearing trousers is normal for Christian women in the country, it falls under 'indecent dress' for the Muslim population" (para 2).
Jan. 30, 2017, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In Israel, marriages and divorces sit under rabbinical law, which states that divorces can only take place if requested by the husband" (para 17).
Jan. 26, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The case has highlighted both Mexico’s poor record at investigating sexual crimes, and a unique form of government in Oaxaca state, where many indigenous communities are ruled by an idiosyncratic system popularly known as usos y costumbres (“traditions and customs”)" (para 4). "The system is supposed to enshrine the traditions of local populations in a state with diverse indigenous populations, but it has been criticised for allowing local leaders to settle disputes according to their own beliefs rather than the written law. 'The argument in these municipalities is that they are governed by their own traditions and customs, but they ultimately end up committing human rights abuses,' Palacios said" (para ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, AOM-DATA-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Under Malaysia's civil laws, the legal minimum age for marriage is 18 but Muslim girls who are under 16 can obtain permission to marry from Islamic courts" (para 7).
Jan. 25, 2017, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Most of those killings have gone without punishment because of a tenet of Islamic law that allows killers to go free if they are forgiven by the woman’s family — something that usually happens because the killers are usually family members" (para 3).
Jan. 25, 2017, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"'Although some legal and constitutional texts stress women’s equality, this is not reflected in their rights in reality. This is in addition to the fact that many laws need to be amended such as the personal status law and the Jordanian Penal Code of 1960, which are still in force' in the West Bank" (para 14). "The legal dilemma lies in the Jordanian Penal Code of 1960. Even when it is enforced, the code does not refer to the Palestinian Basic Law, which stipulates, 'Personal freedom is a natural right, shall be guaranteed and may not be violated.' Experts say the penal code reinforces the subordination of women, treats them ...more