The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The courts granted only half as large an indemnity to the family of a female victim as that accorded to the family of a male victim. The personal status code provides a framework for the consistent application of secular law and sharia-based family law, but judicial officials did not always respect it"(p. 18).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Women may be charged with moral crimes, like khilwa (which means mixing with unrelated members of the opposite sex) or with fleeing from their homes" (25).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In sharia courts, which have jurisdiction over Muslim marriage, divorce, and inheritance cases, the testimony of one man equals that of two women" (10). "Conditions in the women’s prisons were generally better than conditions in most of the men’s prisons, but overcrowding at Jweideh was a problem" (4). "Governors used this provision widely, including to place women in “protective detention” when family members threatened to kill them to protect family honor. Although incarcerated indefinitely, these women faced no legal charges and posed no threat to public safety. Human rights advocates estimated authorities held 40 to 50 women under protective detention throughout the year" (8).Special courts for each Christian denomination adjudicate...more
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Although the constitution provides for equality for women in political, economic, and social spheres, women experienced extensive discrimination in obtaining employment, credit, equal pay, and in owning or managing businesses. The law on persons and the family bans all discrimination against women in marriage and provides for the right to equal inheritance" (p. 15).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In addition to established courts, there is a tribal justice system for noncriminal issues. Tribal judges, usually respected neutral sheikhs, often also adjudicated criminal cases under tribal law. Authorities usually did not formally charge persons tried under the tribal system usually but rather publicly accused them. Tribal mediation often emphasized social cohesion more than punishment. The results carried the same weight as court judgments, if not more, because the public often respected the tribal process more than a formal court system seen by many as corrupt and lacking independence" (12). "In the past the government enacted regulations to reduce a form of sex tourism in which significant numbers of foreigners,...more
May 21, 2019, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law grants men and women the same legal status and rights, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (p. 13).
May 21, 2019, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Facilities for prisoners serving their sentences were at almost 103 percent of capacity in the first seven months of the year in prisons for men. There was no overcrowding in prisons for women" (p. 2).
May 16, 2019, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Religious arbitration varies in formality and openness; what is consistent is the power and control arbitrators hold and how they are perceived in eyes of the women and the community. Impacts of arbitration behind closed doors must be investigated." (para. 2). "In my experience, this vulnerability is often used by religious arbitrators to coerce them into doing things that benefit the reputation of the community and family, rather than the safety of the children or the woman." (para 6). "The ‘Sharia court’ told her that her husband’s physical and verbal abuse resulted from her not fulfilling her wifely duties sexually. She expressed to me that she blamed herself. The ‘Sharia...more
May 13, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"A pop group has been banned by Iran's religious police after a female guitarist sang a 12 second solo at their concert in Tehran. Negin Parsa was playing guitar in singer Hamid Askari's well known band on January 30 at the Milad Tower concert venue. But Iranian law - which is dictated by Islamic Sharia law - only permits that women sing in front of other women and can only sing in front of men as part of a duet or chorus" (para 1-3).
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Employment Equality Act 2015 eliminated certain exemptions for state- affiliated institutions. Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex community, divorcees, single parents working in state-owned or state- funded schools, and hospitals operated under religious patronage have the same legal protections against discrimination as workers in the private sector" (18).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Courts dismissed some cases of domestic abuse and incest or gave perpetrators light sentences. Traditional and religious practices of reconciliation between aggrieved parties in both indigenous and Indo-Fijian communities were sometimes considered to mitigate sentences in domestic violence cases" (16). "Women have the same rights and status as men under family law and in the judicial system" (16).
April 24, 2019, 11:38 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Both men and women have the right to initiate divorce proceedings" (p. 20).
April 22, 2019, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

"For a woman to obtain a divorce with a financial settlement, she must prove her husband inflicted physical or moral harm upon her, abandoned her for at least three months, or had not provided for her or their children’s upkeep. Physical abuse claims require medical reports and two male witnesses. It is up to the judge’s discretion to consider women as full witnesses or half witnesses. Alternatively, women may divorce by paying compensation or surrendering their dowry to their husbands" (p. 25).
April 17, 2019, 9:19 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law establishes sentences of one to three years in prison for public officials who deny a person’s civil rights based on gender" (p. 23 - 24).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Separate religious court systems adjudicate matters such as marriage and divorce for the Jewish, Muslim, Christian, and Druze communities. The country lacks a civil marriage law. In order to be considered legal, civil marriages, marriages of some non-Orthodox Jews, marriages in non-Orthodox ceremonies, same-sex marriages, marriages of a Jew to a non-Jew, or marriages of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim must take place outside the country to be considered legal, because religious courts refuse to conduct these marriages" (17). "The majority of Jewish citizens objected to exclusive Orthodox control over aspects of their personal lives, including marriage and 'kashrut' (Jewish dietary laws), according to a survey of 800 Jewish...more
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Islamic Republic of Iran is a theocratic republic with a Shia Islamic political system based on 'velayat-e faqih' ('guardianship of the jurist' or 'rule by the jurisprudent'). Shia clergy, most notably the 'Rahbar' ('supreme jurisprudent' or 'supreme leader'), and political leaders vetted by the clergy dominate key power structures" (1). "Prosecutors frequently used moharebeh as a criminal charge against political dissidents and journalists, accusing them of 'struggling against the precepts of Islam' and against the state that upholds those precepts. Authorities have expanded the scope of this to include 'working to undermine the Islamic establishment' and 'cooperating with foreign agents or entities.' The judiciary is required to review and...more
April 5, 2019, 8:26 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In Northern Ireland women did not have a separate facility from juveniles" (p. 3).
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Local interpretations of Islamic law and practice of cultural traditions, in social and legal institutions discriminated against women" (14).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law generally permits women to initiate divorce proceedings against their spouses, although some Christian sects strongly discouraged both women and men from doing so. For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case. The law does not entitle a divorced woman to alimony in some cases, such as if she gave up her right to alimony to persuade her husband to agree to the divorce. In addition, under the law a divorced mother loses the right to guardianship and physical custody of her sons when they reach the age of 13...more
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"At the same time, the Criminal Code establishes conditions for mitigating criminal penalties against women; in particular, women are not sentenced to the death penalty or life imprisonment; pregnant women, women with children under three years of age, and women aged 58 years and over, are not sentenced to community service; pregnant women, women with children under three years of age, and women aged 58 years and over who have been sentenced to imprisonment are not required to do forced labour; in the case of pregnant women who have been convicted, the court may defer the serving of the sentence for up to one year; for convicted women with young...more
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Sharia is, in part, the basis for law and court procedures. Courts did not treat women equally with men in all cases" (page 8). "Human rights activists and lawyers reported that rape victims were stigmatized, persecuted, and even imprisoned. Since rape is often associated with the concept of adultery, judges could, in theory, accuse the victim of fornication under sharia, hold the victim responsible for the rape, and imprison her. There were no reports that this provision or interpretation of the law was enforced" (page 16-17). "Traditional sharia judges handled many domestic violence cases" (page 17). "The law considers women to be minors, and women faced other legal discrimination. According...more
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Most courts administered justice unevenly, employing a mixture of codified law, sharia, and local custom. Traditional justice mechanisms remained the main recourse for many, especially in rural areas. Corruption was common within the judiciary, and often criminals paid bribes to obtain their release or a reduction in sentence" (9). "Some municipal and provincial authorities, including judges, had minimal training and often based their judgments on their personal understanding of sharia without appropriate reference to statutory law, tribal codes of honor, or local custom. The number of judges who graduated from law school continued to increase. Access to legal codes and statutes increased, but their limited availability continued to hinder some...more
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Many NGOs complained that women did not receive fair treatment from sharia courts, especially in cases of divorce and child custody" (8). "Islamic authorities may enter private premises without a warrant if they deem swift action necessary to catch Muslims suspected of engaging in offenses such as gambling, consumption of alcohol, and sexual relations outside marriage" (9). This shows that religious authorities influence a lot of aspects of private life (CCS-CODER COMMENTS). "Non-Muslim women are subject to civil and criminal law but not sharia (...) Civil law gives non-Muslim mothers and fathers equal parental rights, while sharia favors fathers" (24).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Family Act draws its provisions from Islamic law, and helps judges made consistent rulings in various family law cases" (54).
Feb. 15, 2019, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Religious arbitration varies in formality and openness; what is consistent is the power and control arbitrators hold and how they are perceived in eyes of the women and the community. Impacts of arbitration behind closed doors must be investigated." (para. 2). "In my experience, this vulnerability is often used by religious arbitrators to coerce them into doing things that benefit the reputation of the community and family, rather than the safety of the children or the woman." (para 6). "The ‘Sharia court’ told her that her husband’s physical and verbal abuse resulted from her not fulfilling her wifely duties sexually. She expressed to me that she blamed herself. The ‘Sharia...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27). "In matters of child custody, inheritance,...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Sezim Center reported approximately 50 percent of its clients were in unregistered marriages, which do not have legal force. Observers reported there was a greater frequency of early marriage, polygamy, and bride kidnapping in connection with unregistered religious marriages. This also affected data availability on such marriages" (Pg 25).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The social stigma of rape, especially in rural areas, contributed to the pervasiveness of out-of-court settlements and discouraged formal prosecution of cases. An overtaxed justice system also prevented timely prosecution, although local NGOs pushed for judicial action and sometimes provided lawyers to indigent victims. The government raised awareness of rape through billboards, radio broadcasts, and other outreach campaigns" (Pg 15).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that mechanisms such as amparo allow women to claim protection of their rights and welcomes the establishment of alternative dispute resolution centres offering services free of charge. Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern: (a) Economic barriers to women’s access to justice and the limited coverage of legal aid clinics and the Bar Association’s advocacy services; (b) The lack of accessible information and limited awareness among women about their rights and legal remedies to claim them; (c) Discriminatory stereotypes about women seeking justice and the limited knowledge of women’s rights among law enforcement officers, including the police, throughout the State party; (d) Barriers to access to justice by...more
Jan. 11, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Government had filed an appeal before the Riyad Court in Saudi Arabia, on behalf of the Sri Lankan female domestic worker, who was recently sentenced to be stoned to death after being found guilty of having a clandestine affair, Foreign Employment Ministry said" (para 1) Riyad Court, an appellate court, reviews decisions for compliance with Sharia (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "The Ministry sources said the woman was married and having children in Sri Lanka, when she had convicted for adultery with a Sri Lankan youth employed in Saudi Arabia. After she was produced before the Riyad Court, the woman had pleaded guilty and she was sentenced to be stoned to death according...more