The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The chief rabbinate court in Tel Aviv, pictured, has banned a US businessman from leaving Israel because his son is refusing to grant a divorce to his partially disabled wife"(para 3)."In Israel, where all marriages are subject to religious law, this norm has left thousands of women in legal limbo due to husbands who refuse to grant divorces. In recent decades, the rabbinical courts have gained the authority to impose various sanctions against recalcitrant husbands"(para 4-5)."Israel's state-sanctioned rabbinate oversees many aspects of daily life for the Jewish majority, including marriage and divorce. There are no civil marriages, meaning that couples must marry or divorce according to religious law — or ...more
Sept. 1, 2017, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

“The 16-year-old was kidnapped from her home near Abbottabad, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and put inside a vehicle that was set alight, police said. … Police say the victim's mother and the leader of the local council, or jirga, are among several people arrested. The killing has been linked to orders given last week by the jirga, a traditional assembly of elders, in Makol village, Pakistan's Dawn newspaper reported. According to police, the 15-member jirga had ordered the girl, named as Amber, to be killed and set alight as punishment for helping her friend to marry of her own free will” (para 1-5).
Aug. 10, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

"There is no regulatory framework to deal with overall marriages and mainly the issue of child marriages amongst the non-Muslim minorities in Pakistan. All religious minority groups perform and register marriages according to their religious practices, and no consideration is given to the age of children. In 2011 and 2012, the previous federal government was pushing coalition partners for the enactment of the Hindu Marriage Bill 2011 which provided for the prohibition marriage of non-Muslim girls and boys below 18 years of age, it is dire need to formulate the policies of non-Muslims forced marriages registration act, to protect non-Muslims forced religion and forced marriages keeping in mind early/child marriages" ...more
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Sharia (Islamic law) governs family matters, including inheritance, divorce, and the right to own property" (25).
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Traditional law discriminates against women and sometimes took precedence over formal law, particularly in rural areas" (23). "Legal testimony given by women carries less weight than testimony by men, in accordance with Islamic precepts and customary law" (23).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Customary law covers marriage and divorce for non-Muslims, inheritance, land tenure, tribal and clan leadership, and other traditional and social relations...Customary law recognizes the rights of all citizens regardless of age, gender, and religion; however, it requires women to show respect for their husbands and children for their parents. Sharia applies in domestic matters, including Muslim marriage, divorce, and inheritance" (9). "Sharia applies in marriage, divorce, and inheritance cases for Muslims, who make up more than 90 percent of the population" (21). "The respective churches and the Office of the Attorney General settled civil marriage and divorce issues affecting Christians" (21).
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Lack of legislation regulating traditional marriages and other aspects of family law also permitted discrimination against women, particularly with respect to polygyny, inheritance, and child custody" (23).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Traditional law stipulates that a price be paid to the victim’s family for crimes such as murder and rape. Most parties preferred traditional court rulings for sensitive issues such as rape, where a peaceful consensus among those involved was valued over the rights of victims" (7). "In accordance with sharia, men inherit a larger proportion of estates than do women" (20).
Jan. 31, 2017, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"There were reports that families or village elders settled many allegations of sexual violence informally through traditional means and without recourse to the formal court system" (9-10).
Jan. 30, 2017, 6 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Nine Sudanese women have been sentenced to 40 lashes - each - all because they wore trousers. They're aged between 17 and 23 and are being tried under Sharia (or Islamic) law - even though they're Christians. And while wearing trousers is normal for Christian women in the country, it falls under 'indecent dress' for the Muslim population" (para 2).
Jan. 30, 2017, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In Israel, marriages and divorces sit under rabbinical law, which states that divorces can only take place if requested by the husband" (para 17).
Jan. 26, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The case has highlighted both Mexico’s poor record at investigating sexual crimes, and a unique form of government in Oaxaca state, where many indigenous communities are ruled by an idiosyncratic system popularly known as usos y costumbres (“traditions and customs”)" (para 4). "The system is supposed to enshrine the traditions of local populations in a state with diverse indigenous populations, but it has been criticised for allowing local leaders to settle disputes according to their own beliefs rather than the written law. 'The argument in these municipalities is that they are governed by their own traditions and customs, but they ultimately end up committing human rights abuses,' Palacios said" (para ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, AOM-DATA-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Under Malaysia's civil laws, the legal minimum age for marriage is 18 but Muslim girls who are under 16 can obtain permission to marry from Islamic courts" (para 7).
Jan. 25, 2017, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Most of those killings have gone without punishment because of a tenet of Islamic law that allows killers to go free if they are forgiven by the woman’s family — something that usually happens because the killers are usually family members" (para 3).
Jan. 25, 2017, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"'Although some legal and constitutional texts stress women’s equality, this is not reflected in their rights in reality. This is in addition to the fact that many laws need to be amended such as the personal status law and the Jordanian Penal Code of 1960, which are still in force' in the West Bank" (para 14). "The legal dilemma lies in the Jordanian Penal Code of 1960. Even when it is enforced, the code does not refer to the Palestinian Basic Law, which stipulates, 'Personal freedom is a natural right, shall be guaranteed and may not be violated.' Experts say the penal code reinforces the subordination of women, treats them ...more
Jan. 24, 2017, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Islamic family law provides protections against spousal abuse and for the granting of protection orders, and it has been interpreted to cover sexual assault" (14). "In accordance with the government’s interpretation of the Koran’s precepts, Muslim women and men are accorded different rights. Islamic family law considers women the 'most entitled person' to custody of children in the case of divorce, and requires that men receive twice the inheritance of women" (15). "The legal minimum age of marriage for both boys and girls is 14 with parental and participant consent, unless otherwise stipulated by religion or custom under the law, which generally set a higher minimum age. The Islamic Family ...more
Jan. 18, 2017, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"First Nations may choose to follow federal law or enact their own rules related to matrimonial real property rights and interests that respect their customs" (15).
Jan. 18, 2017, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Customary law ostensibly provides for equal rights and status, although men may limit women’s rights regarding inheritance and employment...Some traditional legal systems regard wives as the legal property of their husbands" (13).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

“Civil, criminal, and commercial courts accord equal weight to the testimony of men and women. On the other hand, in sharia courts, which have jurisdiction over Muslim marriage, divorce, and inheritance cases, the testimony of a woman has half the weight of a man’s” (10). “The law does not provide for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. Women experienced discrimination in a number of areas, including inheritance, divorce, child custody, citizenship, pension and social security benefits, the workplace, and, in certain circumstances, the value of their testimony in a sharia court” (32).
Dec. 30, 2016, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Dr Elham Manea, a Swiss academic of Yemeni, Muslim heritage has conducted an investigation into 85 Sharia courts in the UK. Dr Manea contextualises the debate surrounding sharia courts in the lived experiences of women and children. She presents evidence of the systematic discrimination experienced by women and children as a result of religious arbitration" (para 15)
Dec. 1, 2016, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In the survey it was found that more than 90 percent of Muslim women in India want the 'triple talaq' divorce ritual and polygamy banned from family civil law in the country. The BMMA said its survey also showed that three quarters of interviewees wanted a ban on child marriage, indicating a need for reforms in the Muslim personal law which governs family-related issues in India. Activists say the current law discriminates against women and are calling for a well-defined Muslim law that criminalises polygamy, unilateral divorce, child custody and child marriage" (Para 2-4).
Dec. 1, 2016, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"A powerful Pakistani religious body that advises the government on the compatibility of laws with Islam on Thursday declared a new law that criminalizes violence against women to be 'un-Islamic.' The Women's Protection Act, passed by Pakistan's largest province of Punjab last week, gives unprecedented legal protection to women from domestic, psychological and sexual violence. It also calls for the creation of a toll-free abuse reporting hot line and the establishment of women's shelters. But since its passage in the Punjab assembly, many conservative clerics and religious leaders have denounced the new law as being in conflict with the Muslim holy book, the Koran, as well as Pakistan's constitution" (Para ...more
Nov. 18, 2016, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Boko Haram, a radical Islamist sect that has taken over large stretches of territory in the country’s northeast, has long targeted women, rounding them up as it captures towns and villages. Women and girls have been given to Boko Haram fighters for 'marriage,' a euphemism for the sexual violence that occurs even when unions are cloaked in religion"(para 5)
Nov. 17, 2016, 11:34 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Judiciary is predominated by male judges and Pakistan does not even have one percent female judges. This is also a major factor of violence against women. Virtually no perpetrator of violence against women or those holding illegal judicial system of Jirga have been punished by the Judiciary, on charges of honour killing, or violence against women. Mostly, the Judiciary takes shelter behind Islamic laws or traditions for the protection of perpetrators. The existence of Sharia courts seems to be for only this purpose" (para 3). "The ALRC, through its sister concern, the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC), has been documenting several cases of violence against women by Jirgas, the ...more
Nov. 14, 2016, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Young girls are routinely used as barter to settle disputes or arrange marriages between families in Afghanistan. Despite attempts from the international community to strengthen the country’s formal justice system, where the legal age of marriage for women is 16 (18 for men), Afghans still largely favour traditional forms of mediation over the country’s legal courts. Particularly outside cities, most Afghans continue to view the formal legal system as corrupt, unprofessional, inefficient and slow. Instead, village councils and tribal elders mete out justice based on religious tradition and mutual agreements. Suraya Pakzad, founder of the Voice of Women Organisation, which runs the shelter in Herat, said a formal court case ...more
Nov. 10, 2016, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Laws regarding divorce, custody, and rape differed according to an individual’s religion and were often discriminatory toward women and girls" (22-23). "Incidents of vigilantism against women occurred, sometimes led by religious leaders enforcing fatwas. The incidents included whipping, beating, and other forms of physical violence. In October village arbitrator Mohammad Jalal Uddin of Gazipur and his accomplices beat a woman with sticks until she was unconscious for disobeying his summons to a meeting. The woman was hospitalized for her injuries" (25).
Nov. 7, 2016, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

"Women have the right to initiate divorce proceedings, but both Shia and Sunni religious courts may refuse the request, although the refusal rate was significantly higher in Shia courts than in Sunni courts, with Shia courts often refusing to grant the divorce due to differences in legal codes" (30).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

Though personal law courts are not recognized, customary law courts are (246).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

Though personal law courts are not recognized, customary law courts are (244).
Aug. 29, 2016, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

Though customary law courts are not recognized, personal law courts are (244).