The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

Feb. 15, 2019, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Religious arbitration varies in formality and openness; what is consistent is the power and control arbitrators hold and how they are perceived in eyes of the women and the community. Impacts of arbitration behind closed doors must be investigated." (para. 2). "In my experience, this vulnerability is often used by religious arbitrators to coerce them into doing things that benefit the reputation of the community and family, rather than the safety of the children or the woman." (para 6). "The ‘Sharia court’ told her that her husband’s physical and verbal abuse resulted from her not fulfilling her wifely duties sexually. She expressed to me that she blamed herself. The ‘Sharia...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27). "In matters of child custody, inheritance,...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Sezim Center reported approximately 50 percent of its clients were in unregistered marriages, which do not have legal force. Observers reported there was a greater frequency of early marriage, polygamy, and bride kidnapping in connection with unregistered religious marriages. This also affected data availability on such marriages" (Pg 25).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The social stigma of rape, especially in rural areas, contributed to the pervasiveness of out-of-court settlements and discouraged formal prosecution of cases. An overtaxed justice system also prevented timely prosecution, although local NGOs pushed for judicial action and sometimes provided lawyers to indigent victims. The government raised awareness of rape through billboards, radio broadcasts, and other outreach campaigns" (Pg 15).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that mechanisms such as amparo allow women to claim protection of their rights and welcomes the establishment of alternative dispute resolution centres offering services free of charge. Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern: (a) Economic barriers to women’s access to justice and the limited coverage of legal aid clinics and the Bar Association’s advocacy services; (b) The lack of accessible information and limited awareness among women about their rights and legal remedies to claim them; (c) Discriminatory stereotypes about women seeking justice and the limited knowledge of women’s rights among law enforcement officers, including the police, throughout the State party; (d) Barriers to access to justice by...more
Jan. 11, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Government had filed an appeal before the Riyad Court in Saudi Arabia, on behalf of the Sri Lankan female domestic worker, who was recently sentenced to be stoned to death after being found guilty of having a clandestine affair, Foreign Employment Ministry said" (para 1) Riyad Court, an appellate court, reviews decisions for compliance with Sharia (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "The Ministry sources said the woman was married and having children in Sri Lanka, when she had convicted for adultery with a Sri Lankan youth employed in Saudi Arabia. After she was produced before the Riyad Court, the woman had pleaded guilty and she was sentenced to be stoned to death according...more
Jan. 10, 2019, 6:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"'We don’t want any parallel societies,' she said. 'Our law takes precedence before tribal rules, codes of honor and sharia'" (para 12).
Jan. 8, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Vásquez, now 32, is one of at least 19 women in El Salvador serving long prison sentences after suffering obstetric complications during pregnancy. Abortion has been banned in all circumstances since 1998. El Salvador is one of five countries where there are no exceptions, even if the woman is raped, her health or life is at risk, or if the foetus is seriously deformed" (para 3) Arbortion laws heavily influenced by religious conservatives in government (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 8, 2019, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Justice Onyeabo said, 'That custom says that only the eldest son inherits all the real properties. The man was very wealthy; no letter of administration was obtained; the other children are saying that the man had migrated from his state to the South-West a long time ago. The children can only remember that they went to the East when they were very young. But only their eldest brother has taken over the estate because the father’s property was shared according to the ethnic custom which says only the first male can inherit all the real properties. The other children are insisting that their father lived all his life in Yorubaland...more
Jan. 7, 2019, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The UN Special Rapporteur on the sale and sexual exploitation of children, Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, called on the Government to enter into a dialogue with religious communities and judges who continue to grant exceptions under “certain circumstances” that allow the marriage of children of any age under Sharia law" (para 2).
Jan. 7, 2019, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Mali

"During their brief control of key towns in the north, jihadist groups imposed a version of Sharia law which forced women to wear veils and set whipping and stoning as punishment for transgressions" (para 6).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The National Assembly has adopted a number of laws to ensure the rights of the Lao citizens without discrimination, particularly Article 13 of the Law on Criminal Procedure 2012 stipulates that the criminal proceedings must be conducted on the basis of equal rights of all citizens before the laws and the people’s courts without discrimination on the basis of gender, race, ethnicity, socio-economic status, language, education, occupation, belief, place of residence, and etc" (Pg 36).
Jan. 2, 2019, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The state added that consent of both parties, as well as parents’ consent, is necessary for minors to enter a marriage. And in the case of Muslim marriage, permission from a Syariah judge is also needed" (para 9).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Codified civil law is based on the Napoleonic code, although on occasion judges drew upon interpretations of sharia (Islamic law) as a basis for customary law in family and inheritance disputes" (page 17).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Codified civil law is based on the Napoleonic code, although on occasion, judges drew upon interpretations of sharia (Islamic law) as a basis for customary law in family and inheritance disputes" (page 23).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Many laws, regulations, and policies (including customary law) are disadvantageous and discriminatory towards women . . . Outside of the formal legal system, the application of customary laws which are prevalent in rural and ethnic areas can also impede women’s access to justice" (page 2). "Contrary to Government assertions, customary laws are discriminatory against women in many regions, in particular with respect to inheritance, matrimony, property, and health. Often, traditional norms and practices that discriminate against women continue to be followed, even if they contradict rights in laws or regulations because these protections are not enforced, especially at the local level" (page 6). "Additional barriers to women’s access to justice...more
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In the secular criminal and civil courts, women and men enjoy the same rights, but in some matters religious courts--responsible for adjudication of family law, including divorce--limit the rights of Jewish, Christian, Muslim, and Druze women. Women and men who do not belong to a recognized religious group face additional discrimination" (para 153)
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Shia clergy, most notably the 'supreme jurisprudent' (or supreme leader), and political leaders vetted by the clergy dominated key power structures. While mechanisms for popular election existed within the structure of the state, the supreme leader held significant influence over the legislative and executive branches of government (through various unelected councils under his authority) and held constitutional authority over the judiciary, the government-run media, and the armed forces" (para 1). "The court system was subject to political influence, and judges were appointed 'in accordance with religious criteria.' The supreme leader appoints the head of the judiciary. The head of the judiciary, members of the Supreme Court, and the prosecutor general...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In Aceh the Sharia Police, an independent provincial body, is responsible for enforcing sharia law" (para 39). "Under the sharia court system in Aceh, 19 district religious courts and one court of appeals, heard cases. In the past the courts heard only cases involving Muslims and used decrees formulated by the local government rather than the penal code. A new sharia criminal code (Qanun) that passed in 2014 took effect in October and appears to extend sharia law to non-Muslims in certain cases. Under the new criminal code, offenses including homosexuality, gambling, consumption of alcohol, and proximity to the opposite sex outside of marriage are punishable with caning, fines, and...more
Oct. 17, 2018, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In an unprecedented use of Shari‘a on a non-Muslim in Indonesia, a Christian woman in the conservative Aceh province has reportedly been caned for selling alcohol. The 60-year-old woman was caned 30 times in the presence of hundreds of onlookers on Tuesday, an official told Agence France-Presse" (para 1-2). "Aceh is one of the most conservative provinces of Muslim-majority Indonesia, and the only part of the country that enforces sharia law for crimes like adultery, consumption of alcohol and homosexuality" (para 3). "Although the religious law was previously only applicable to Muslims, an amendment that took effect last year extended its reach to practitioners of other religions in particular cases,...more
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In practice, authorities may allow abortions in the first four months of pregnancy in situations of rape or incest, or if the mother has a disability or her life is at risk. However, Sufan, the shelter director in Nablus, said, 'it is difficult, the mufti [religious jurist], hospital, and court all have to agree to allow the abortion'" (para 29). The mention to the mufti shows that religious tribunals are allowed by the government to adjudicate certain matters (CCS-CODER COMMENT). "Ikhlas Sufan, a director of a shelter in Nablus, told Human Rights Watch that 'divorce cases can go on for two to three years because the husband can claim he...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Egypt

"Rights lawyer Azza Soliman told Al-Monitor: 'Under khul, a woman is required to give up her legal financial rights and return the dowry she received from her spouse. So while khul appears in theory to offer women a solution to their marital woes, in practice, the procedure is time-consuming and at times humiliating for the woman, who has to represent herself in court and is often prodded by the judge to reveal the reasons for seeking the divorce'" (para. 13).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"After Ennahda won power in 2011, a debate emerged in Tunisia on the inclusion of Sharia as a main source of the constitution. This debate raised concerns that such a move would threaten Tunisian society, which is governed by the Code of Personal Status and other legislation and texts stipulating the prohibition of polygamy, the right to education and employment and a recognition of gender equality" (para. 14).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan

"Some of its legislative actions, especially the Sindh Child Marriage Restraints Act of 2013, which penalises marriage of both males and females below the age of 18 years, have gone to the extent of challenging the ideological framework of the Council of Islamic Ideology — a constitutional body mandated to provide legal advice to the government on conformity level of the country’s laws with the spirit of the Holy Quran and Sunnah" (para 1).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"For instance, zina laws, which deal with sexual relations outside of marriage, are frequently used to punish victims of domestic violence who leave home, and are often applied with insufficient evidence" (para 5).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Religious marriage by Muslims is now governed by the NCCE, not by Sharia law. Under the TCCE the conditions common to all forms of marriage were declared inapplicable tomarriages concluded according to Islamic religion" (3). "Based on this exception bigamy (polygamy) was permitted for the followers of Islam. This approach has been abandoned and the NCCE does not contain such an exception" (7) The exception is referring to the Proclamation No. 2/1991 after Eritrea's independence, which stated that the section of the Civil Code of Ethipia that deals with necessary conditions for marriage are not applicable to Islamic marriages (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Sultanate guarantees legal protection for the rights of women on a par with men through a number of judicial measures. Personal status actions are considered summary actions and are accorded special attention by the courts in the Sultanate" (Pg 8).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The testimony of women is equal to that of men in court, except on rape and other issues specifically stipulated by country’s legal code" (7). "Women have been historically disadvantaged, particularly in the application of Islamic law in matters such as divorce, education, inheritance, and providing legal testimony, including on rape" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In Zanzibar qadi courts handle inheritance, marital, and custody issues" (24).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Sharia (Islamic law) courts, which adjudicate criminal and family law, have the option of imposing flogging as punishment for adultery, prostitution, consensual premarital sex, pregnancy outside marriage, defamation of character, and drug or alcohol abuse" (3). "Women normally inherit less than men under the government’s interpretation of sharia" (22).