The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"It also passed a new criminal code, which had provisions that would violate the rights of women, religious minorities, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people" (para 4).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Women still face discrimination under 15 separate religion-based personal status laws and both child marriage and marital rape remain legal" (para 3).
Sept. 4, 2020, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

“The Punjab Child Rights Commission (PCRC) says it can do little in absence of complaints. ‘The problem of drug and liquor abuse is on the rise in Punjab. There are bound to be social implications. But there is a social stigma attached to sexual abuse. When the father is an abuser, it becomes a bigger taboo. They also fear further victimisation by the police. Our commission can refer the matter to the police only when we get a complaint. We cannot intrude into the private space of families unwilling to do so,’ says PCRC chairman Swaran Salaria” (para 23-24).
Aug. 26, 2020, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

“Britain's top family judge, Master of the Rolls Sir Terence Etherton, said the English courts did not recognise [the] Sharia marriage [of Mr. Khan and Mrs. Akhter]…The couple, both of Pakistani heritage, chose to marry at a restaurant in Southall, west London, in a religious ceremony carried out by an imam with 150 family and friends as guests … Master of the Rolls Sir Terence Etherton, who considered the case with two other judges, said[,]…'The parties were not marrying 'under the provisions' of English law. The ceremony was not performed in a registered building. Moreover, no notice had been given to the superintendent registrar, no certificates had been issued, and...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

“Tunisia has abolished a decades-old ban on Muslim women marrying non-Muslims…The announcement came a month after President Beji Caid Essebsi called for the government to lift the ban…Mainstream Muslim clerics almost universally see the inheritance rules as enshrined in the Quran, Islam’s holy book, and consider the rules on marriage to be equally unquestionable in Islamic law. The country’s leading imams and theologians have issued a statement denouncing the president’s proposals as “flagrant violation of the precepts” of Islam. Some worry that such changes could stir up anger” (para 1, 3, 9-11) Before this time, the law on marriage was dictated by religious beliefs and preferences (MLB-CODER COMMENT). “Tunisia is...more
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The government agreed to revise the 1951 Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act" (para 20).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Mauritania's laws on divorce, child custody, and inheritance discriminate against women" (para 24).
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Saudi Arabia applies Sharia (Islamic law) as its national law. There is no formal penal code, but the government has passed some laws and regulations that subject certain broadly defined offenses to criminal penalties" (para 14).
July 10, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Murder in Iran is subject to the death penalty under the Shariah mandate of “an eye for an eye.” But the penal code, based on Islamic law, exempts a guardian from capital punishment for killing his child. A child’s father and paternal grandfather are considered legal guardians. However, a mother who kills her child would face execution" (para 28-29).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Women were also systematically denied adequate spousal support during and after marriage—with religious courts often unfairly denying or reducing payments, including if a judge found a woman to be 'recalcitrant' by leaving the marital home and refusing to cohabit with her husband or filing for severance" (10). "Discrimination against women results not only from laws, but also courts procedures. All of the women whom Human Rights Watch interviewed said numerous procedural obstacles, including high fees, protracted lawsuits, and lack of legal and material assistance during legal proceedings kept them from accessing religious courts and enforcing even their limited rights. Further, while the courts and religious laws should comply with the...more
March 4, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Despite a 2016 pledge from President Ashraf Ghani to end the imprisonment of women accused of running away from their families, in 2018 Afghan police and prosecutors continued to jail women and girls for “moral crimes” that include “running away” from home, and committing or attempting to commit zina (sex outside of marriage)." (3).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Personal status for civil matters was legally handled by religious courts, which applied religious laws of the various confessions and occasionally interfered in family matters such as child custody in the case of divorce" (11). "The law criminalizes rape and the use of threats or violence to claim a 'marital right to intercourse.' While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces" (27).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"On all these occasions, special emphasis is placed on the concepts of protection of rights, dignity, justice and the rule of law, which applies to everyone without exception. The first step in this direction is the elimination of traditional courts. Secondly, associations supported by ministries and international specialized agencies are carrying out extensive outreach to show people the importance of using the judicial system and not the traditional justice mechanisms in cases of violations of women’s rights" (9).
Feb. 1, 2020, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In addition to this Constitution, the laws of The Gambia consist of – ...the Shari’a as regards matters of marriage, divorce and inheritance among members of the communities to which it applies" (3-4)
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Tribal mediators commonly settled rural cases without reference to the formal court system" (8).
Jan. 28, 2020, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Lebanon has attempted to codify inheritance in a secular law for non-Muslims. The succession law brings important legal reforms to previous Islamic law, such as the lack of differential treatment based on sex and granting larger portions of the estate to the surviving spouse. It does not, however, apply to Muslims, thereby leaving Muslim women subject to succession rules of Shari’a, which makes several distinctions based on sex" (para 7)
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Khalida Khorsand, a 35-year-old rights activist from the western Afghan city of Herat, is skeptical about Taliban claims that it has dispensed with its strict rules against girls' education and women working. The militant Islamic group made the declaration in the midst of recent peace talks with U.S. envoy Zalmay Khalilzad aimed at bringing an end to the long U.S. military presence in Afghanistan" (para. 1-2). "In rural areas of Herat Province, where Khorsand worked for years to help women who are victims of domestic violence, Khorsand says she has seen disturbing signs of support for the punishments doled out by the Taliban under its strict enforcement of Islamic Shari'a...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 5:21 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"There have been cases in which Muslim men in India have divorced their wives by issuing the so-called triple talaq by letter, telephone and, increasingly, by text message, WhatsApp and Skype. A number of these cases made their way to the courts as women contested the custom. Triple talaq divorce has no mention in Sharia Islamic law or the Koran, even though the practice has existed for decades. Islamic scholars say the Koran clearly spells out how to issue a divorce - it has to be spread over three months, allowing a couple time for reflection and reconciliation. Most Islamic countries, including Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan and Bangladesh,...more
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In rural areas traditional courts continued to handle many local disputes, particularly property, inheritance, and witchcraft cases, and domestic conflicts that could not be resolved within the family" (9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Authorities prosecuted perpetrators if victims filed charges. There were reports that families or village elders settled many allegations of sexual violence informally through traditional means and without recourse to the formal court system" (page 9).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Basic Law sets out the system of governance, rights of citizens, powers and duties of the government, and provides that the Quran and Sunna (the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad) serve as the country’s constitution" (1). "While sharia as interpreted by the government applies to all citizens and noncitizens, the law and practice discriminate against women, noncitizens, nonpracticing Sunni, Shia, and persons of other religions. For example, in most cases a woman’s testimony before a court counts as only half that of a man’s" (18).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In the meantime, we visited the home thoroughly. There are 31 girls in this home. All the girls are school-going except 11 new inmates from Assam. It was found that there were no sleep beds in the home and mattresses were kept on the floor in a big hall" (para 151).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Although the constitution provides for equality between men and women and the 'right of every citizen to earn his wage according to the nature and yield of the work,' the law does not explicitly stipulate equal pay for equal work. Moreover, a number of sections of family and criminal law do not treat men and women equally" (Pg 46). "For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case" (Pg 46).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"That Act No. 62-11 of 16 March 1962 and Act No. 2004-50 of 22 July 2004 give precedence to the application of customary law over civil law in most personal status matters, including marriage, divorce, direct descent, inheritance, settlement of assets and wills and in relation to property ownership, adversely affecting women and girls" (4).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The National Commission on Violence against Women reported 421 policies that discriminate against women were issued by provincial, district and municipal administrations between 2009 and 2014. These include “morality laws” and antiprostitution regulations, such as those in Bantul and Tanggerang, that have been used to detain women walking alone at night. More than 70 local regulations require women to dress conservatively or wear a headscarf. The Ministry of Home Affairs is responsible for “harmonizing” local regulations that are not in line with national legislation, but as of August the ministry had not invoked this authority to overturn any gender discriminatory local regulations" (Pg 28).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The issue of the rights of the women in Bangladesh, in large measure, falls in the domain of family laws. The key areas are divorce, maintenance, inheritance, adoption of children, etc. The criminal law concerns the cases of felony or serious crimes (murder, attempt to murder and as well cases of sexual abuse and violence). While the criminal law is identical in application and enforced uniformly to all the citizens of Bangladesh, the family law is not. It is based on religious traditions, and thus, separate codes of family laws are applied according to the religious denominations of the concerned groups; Islamic personal laws for the Muslims, Hindu personal laws...more
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The NGOCC and several of its member organizations observed that the country’s dual system of customary and statutory law made it difficult to end injustices against women. For instance polygyny is legally permitted under customary law. Women’s organizations stated that the bride price had entrenched societal patriarchal dominance. The practice of “sexual cleansing,” in which a widow is compelled to have sexual relations with her late husband’s relatives as part of a cleansing ritual, declined significantly; some local leaders banned the practice. The penal code prohibits “sexual cleansing” of girls under age 16" (Pg 21). "Local customary law generally discriminates against women. It subordinates women with respect to property ownership,...more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Although women and men are equal under the law, women continued to experience discrimination in education, pay (see section 7.d.), pension benefits, and inheritance. In urban areas women and girls dominated market activities and commerce. Harsh economic conditions in rural areas, where most of the population lived, left women with little time for activities other than domestic tasks and agricultural fieldwork. While formal law supersedes traditional law, it is slow, distant, and expensive to access; rural women were effectively subject to traditional law" (Pg 12).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Family status law varied according to Shia or Sunni interpretations of Islamic law, especially for women. On July 19, King Hamad ratified a new Unified Family Law, which for the first time included a civil code for Shia family law. According to supporters of the law, the new civil code provides for the protection of Shia, in particular Shia women, from the imposition of arbitrary decisions by unregulated clerics" (p. 13).
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Women faced widespread legal and societal discrimination, particularly in matters of marriage, divorce, property, and inheritance, which are guided by customary law in all areas except the capital. Formal laws apply in customary as well as formal courts, but customary judges had limited or no legal training and often were unaware of formal laws or chose to ignore them. Chiefs sometimes colluded with men to evict women and children forcibly from their homes or subject them to arbitrary detention. In some cases chiefs imposed arbitrary and exorbitant fines, imprisoned women unlawfully in their homes or 'chiefdom jails,' and expelled them from the community. Women’s rights and status under customary law...more