The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-PRACTICE-1

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the inadequate conditions for women detained with their children and the process of relocation of detained mothers to “Unit 5” of the National Rehabilitation Institute in the city of Montevideo, resulting in that group of women facing vulnerable conditions. It is also concerned about reports of women being incarcerated in facilities designed for men where the majority of penitentiary officials are also men. The Committee, recalling the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules), recommends that the State party make appropriate arrangements for the children of women detainees, including the application of alternatives to...more
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2006, a working group on women deprived of liberty has sought to improve the conditions of detention of women deprived of their liberty, as well as to make proposals aimed at expanding the possibilities for social inclusion of women after their provisional or final release. It began its work in April 2006 at the request of MInterior, and since June 2013 has been coordinated by Inmujeres. In 2014, Inmujeres published materials for women deprived of their liberty, and especially a social resources guide, a copy of which they arranged to provide to every female detainee in cooperation with the local services of MIDES, the National Rehabilitation Institute and MInterior"...more
June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Female prisoners generally were provided better conditions than male inmates" (3).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Corrections (Mothers with Babies) Amendment Act 2008 allows eligible mothers in prison to keep their children with them until the age of two (the age limit was previously nine months). In Mothers with Babies units within women’s prisons, a baby can live with their mother until they are two years old. This initiative aims to reduce the likelihood of re-offending for mothers serving prison sentences and significantly improve their children’s life chances. These units are available at Auckland Region Women’s Corrections Facility, Arohata Prison (Wellington) and Christchurch Women’s Prison. An independent formative evaluation of the Mothers with Babies units conducted in 2013 confirmed they operated according to best practice...more
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"While conditions for female prisoners generally were comparable to those for men, there were exceptions. The National Commission for the Prevention of Torture (NCPT) found female foreigners awaiting deportation in administrative detention in the Sennhof prison in Graubunden who were incarcerated up to 21 hours a day, while the Dielsdorf prison in Zurich was deemed inappropriate for female minors due to a lack of physical exercise opportunities and social programs" (3). "In a 2014 report, Terre des Femmes noted female asylum seekers housed in overcrowded co-ed facilities risked becoming victims of sexual harassment and violence, due to the nonseparation of men and women" (6). "There was one report of authorities...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In the 2014 alleged police assault during questioning of Aphiwe Zweni, who subsequently died of her injuries, IPID charged four of the six police officers implicated in her death with murder. The accused appeared once in court for a bail hearing and were awaiting trial at year’s end" (2). "Qualitative studies by monitoring organizations found victims in many communities did not report police abuse due to a “normalization” or public acceptance of police torture and brutality" (4). "In 2014-15, IPID received 124 complaints of rape by police officers. Of the 124 cases, 42 were against on-duty SAPS members, and the remaining 82 were against off-duty SAPS members. IPID received 34...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In addition to the main buildings of the facility, a separate complex has been set up for the care of pregnant women and their children. There, pregnant women and women in childbirth and in the postpartum period receive specialized care. The correctional facility has a children’s home in a dedicated building, where mothers with children up to three years old live together" (43).
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Lack of gender sensitivity in the justice system, including negative attitudes of law enforcement officials towards women denouncing violations of their rights, leading to frequent failures to register and investigate complaints" (3). " It also notes with concern that women working in the entertainment sector are presumed to be guilty of prostitution under the Act, arrested and subjected to humiliating treatment following violent police raids and targeted in entrapment operations by police officers. The Committee is further concerned at reports of official complicity in the exploitation of women in prostitution, including largescale extortion by corrupt police officers" (8). "The Committee expresses concern that the State party has one of the...more
June 13, 2018, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"'The police know who we are, they know where we meet the customer, they wait there all the time and when they see us they threaten us. If we don't pay them money then they arrest us,' she says. Ma Ei Pyi says that sometimes the police don't just demand money. She says she was among a group of sex workers forced to accompany a police officer to a local guest house and have sex with him in order to avoid being arrested" (para 28-29).
June 12, 2018, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"A video has recently surfaced in Pakistan, where a contingent of police officers can be seen baton charging a group of unarmed women mill workers protesting in Muzaffargarh, Punjab. The scuffle occurred inside the district court of Muzaffargarh in broad daylight, yet the judicial officer never took any action against the erring police officers, nor was any police officer suspended for transcending his authority" (para 1). "In particular, religious minorities, women and children suffer the wrath of the police the most. It is tragic that those to be protected by the police become its victims. This is largely because policing in a security state is not about protecting the weak,...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya

"The Committee is concerned about reports of election-related gender-based violence, including of a sexual nature, such as gang rapes, against women during the elections in 2017. It is equally concerned about reports that the majority of perpetrators were police officers or members of other security forces and by the lack of reparation provided to victims. It notes with concern the delays in prosecuting perpetrators and providing redress to the victims of such violence and the State party’s apparent lack of commitment in that regard, notwithstanding the recommendations of the Commission of Inquiry into Post-Election Violence of 2007/2008" (7)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about persisting barriers to women’s access to justice, including: (a) Lack of knowledge by women of their rights; (b) Language barriers faced by women wishing to claim their rights, in particular Kurdish women, women belonging to other minorities and refugee women; (c) Limited knowledge of gender equality on the part of law enforcement officials and legal practitioners; (d) The limited scope of legal aid, both economically and substantively, resulting in non-eligibility for legal aid for women who earn the minimum wage, as well as the non-availability of legal aid in criminal proceedings, and the cumbersome procedure to prove eligibility when it exists; (e) The lack of...more
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In some cases women were raped in police detention" (2). "Authorities usually held male and female inmates separately, but some rural prisons lacked separate facilities, and there were reports of assaults on female prisoners in the past" (2-3). "Widespread sexual violence was also committed by police and the unresponsiveness of authorities to complaints of sexual or intimate-partner violence deterred reporting of such crimes" (15). "Village courts tended to impose jail terms on women found guilty of adultery while penalizing men lightly or not at all" (16).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Penal Reform International reported conditions were generally better in women’s colonies than in men’s but remained substandard. Thirteen women’s facilities also contained facilities for underage children of inmates who had no options for housing them with friends or relatives," (8). "Human rights groups noted authorities [in the North Caucasus] often did not act to address widespread reports of physical abuse of women," (22).
May 31, 2018, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Baghdad Central Criminal Court tried and convicted more than a dozen foreign women for providing support to the Islamic State. The women were sentenced to life in prison, but prior convictions have included death sentences, including for one German woman recruit. After the fall of Mosul, Kurdish forces transferred nearly 1,400 foreign women and children to the custody of Iraqi authorities. The majority of the women are from Turkey and Eastern Europe, though some hail from Western Europe, Asia, and the United States. Iraqi authorities, and governments around the world, are wrestling with the question of whether foreign wives bear responsibility for the atrocities of ISIS. International human rights...more
May 29, 2018, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"As of October 16, there were fewer prisoners than the official capacity of the system as a whole, although some individual facilities, especially those for women, exceeded capacity" (2).
May 13, 2018, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"Women in need of protection who could not find it often ended up in prison, either due to a lack of a protection center in their province or district, or based on local interpretation of “running away” as a moral crime. Adultery, fornication, and kidnapping are crimes under the law. Women often were convicted of those crimes in situations of abuse, rape, or forced marriage, or on the basis of invalid evidence, including virginity tests. Running away is not a crime under the law, and both the Supreme Court and AGO issued directives to this effect, but women and girls continued to be detained for running away from home or...more
May 13, 2018, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"The Ministry of Women’s Affairs, as well as nongovernmental entities, sometimes arranged marriages for women who could not return to their families. Police units charged with addressing violence against women, children, and families, included female officers. Although trained to help victims of domestic violence, the officers were hindered by instructions to wait for victims to take the initiative and reach out to them" (para 36).
May 13, 2018, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"Police and legal officials often charged women with intent to commit zina to justify their arrest and incarceration for social offenses, such as running away from home, rejecting a spouse chosen by her family, fleeing domestic violence or rape, or eloping. Article 130 of the constitution provides that in cases not explicitly covered by the provisions of the constitution or other laws, courts may, in accordance with Hanafi jurisprudence (a school of sharia, or Islamic law) and within the limits set by the constitution, rule in a manner that best attains justice in the case. Although observers stated this provision was widely understood to apply only to civil cases, many...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that many women in the State party are unaware of complaints procedures to claim their rights and that the abovementioned mechanisms may not even be effective. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned that many women and the public at large, including relevant professionals, are unaware of their rights under the Convention and the Optional Protocol thereto, the Committee’s general recommendations and its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/BLR/CO/7). The Committee is also concerned about the absence of any court decisions referring to provisions of the Convention" (pg 2-3). "The Committee notes with concern the increase in the prevalence of genderbased violence against women, including sexual and psychological violence,...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Awareness-raising and training initiatives are run for prison staff. For example, in 2011 two training courses were organized within the Federal Prison Service in association with the National Programme for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer. A total of 100 staff working in the Federal prison system attended. The Protocol for the Comprehensive Care of Victims of Rape12 was introduced in 2011 to support implementation of the principles established in Act No. 26485. The guidelines contained in the Protocol were drawn up by the Expert Committee of the National Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation Programme, which is composed of the objectives of representatives of the Argentine Medical Association on Contraception, the...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the numerious obstacles women and girls face in gaining access to justice, particularly in cases of gender-based violence and abuse, including linguistic barriers, economic factors, a dysfunctional judiciary, lack of awareness of rights and reticence to file complaints because of fear of social stigma and prejudices, relationship with the offender, reservations of parents or guardians, and financial dependence of the victim. The Committee is also concerned about the lack of measures taken by the State party to eliminate those obstacles and to ensure the independence, professionalism and gender sensitivity of law enforcement professionals, including judges, prosecutors and the police. The Committee is further concerned that...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In addition to general measures to protect Indigenous women, the Australian Government specifically addresses the disadvantage and discrimination faced by Indigenous women who come into contact with the justice system, either as victims or offenders" (Pg 17). "State and territory governments have primary responsibility for the criminal justice system, including sentence administration and the operation and management of prisons. The Australian Government works with states and territories to address issues including discrimination against women in prison and issues of women from Indigenous and culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. A 2011 Australian Institute of Criminology publication, Good practice in women’s prisons: a literature review, considered recent initiatives and developments in Australian...more
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the information that the Convention forms an integral part of the domestic law of the State party and that specific training addressing issues such as domestic violence and trafficking in human beings was provided to judges and prosecutors. The Committee is concerned, however, about the absence of information on court cases where the Convention has been directly applied or invoked and the fact that training for judges on the Convention is not part of mandatory training neither it is systematic nor comprehensive for all members of the judiciary" (3).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Certain prisons and detention facilities include separate quarters for women" (35).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that access to justice by women and girls, including effective legal remedies, is severely hampered by the reluctance to register complaints and the negative attitudes of law enforcement officials towards women denouncing acts of violence committed against them. The Committee is also concerned about the discriminatory treatment of women in courts, especially foreign women, the lack of interpretation services and legal aid provided to them and the disproportionately severe sentences imposed on foreign women in criminal court proceedings" (pg 3). "The Committee is concerned about violence against women resulting from the criminalization of consensual sexual relations between adults outside marriage, under article 356 of the Penal...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also aware of the simultaneous political deadlock and institutional crisis that are preventing the enactment of laws and adoption of measures to promote and protect women’s rights" (pg 2). "The Committee notes with concern, however, the absence in the law of explicit reference to gender-based violence against women and of provisions specifically criminalizing marital rape, crimes committed in the name of so-called honour and other harmful practices. It is also concerned about the continued existence of discriminatory provisions in the law with regard to the criminalization of adultery and that the law does not take precedence over customary and personal status laws. The Committee further regrets the...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar

"The Committee notes that the State party intends to strengthen and increase the number of legal clinics. It notes with concern, however, the persistence of many barriers to women’s access to justice, especially in cases of divorce and gender - based violence, such as women’s legal illiteracy, the lack of awareness in the State party and in its relevant national legislation of women ’s rights, gender stereotyping, including among law enforcement personnel and traditional chiefs, the subjection of women to customary and traditional legal systems, corruption within the judiciary, the unavailability of courts in rural areas, legal fees and the cost of medical certificates, which are borne by the victims...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee had urged Burundi “to take the necessary measures to ensure that women in detention are systematically separated from men and supervised by gender-sensitive prison staff” (Paragraph 26). The Government is conscious that unless such separation is brought about, acts of violence, especially sexual violence, will continue. Through the General Directorate of Penitentiary Affairs, the Government has begun separating men and women in prisons by placing them in different quarters and in police detention centres women’s rooms are being separated from men’s. In most cases, the women’s quarters are supervised by policewomen. Burundi still lacks sufficient female police to provide that service. It does, however, have a specialized prison...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"The Committee notes that the Legal Aid Act (No. 29 of 1990), as amended by Act No. 17 of 2000, provides for a legal aid scheme in the State party. The Committee is concerned, however, that, notwithstanding the existence of a legal aid scheme, which is based on a means and merit test, women’s access to justice, in particular in civil cases, including divorce, and in cases of gender-based violence, continues to be limited owing in part to reported cuts to the legal aid fund. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that adequate funding is provided to the legal aid fund and that women, in particular women pursuing...more