The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Children were sometimes imprisoned (occasionally with their mothers) despite laws and court decisions prohibiting the imprisonment of minors… Authorities routinely held female prisoners separately from men. Although the law prohibits women in 'safe custody' (usually victims of rape, trafficking, and domestic violence) from being housed with criminals, officials did not always provide separate facilities. Authorities must issue permission for these women to leave this 'safe custody'" (5). "There were at least three incidents in which the children of those convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal were arrested for alleged offenses committed by relatives" (11).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Conditions were markedly better for female prisoners, who generally had significantly more space and better sanitary conditions than male prisoners… At the CCP and the central prison on Sao Vicente, inmates were separated by categories of trial status, sex, and age, but in regional prisons a lack of facilities prevented authorities from separating inmates" (3).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The CNDH continued to report conditions for female prisoners were inferior to those for men, particularly for women who lived with their children in prison, due to a lack of appropriate living facilities and specialized medical care. There were reports women who lived with their children in prison did not receive extra food or assistance. Reports of physical and sexual abuse of female detainees continued" (p. 4).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The CNDH continued to report conditions for female prisoners were inferior to those for men, particularly for women who lived with their children in prison, due to a lack of appropriate living facilities and specialized medical care. There were reports women who lived with their children in prison did not receive extra food or assistance. Reports of physical and sexual abuse of female detainees continued" (p. 4).
Nov. 17, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"'Here, the woman is always the accused; for some reason the sympathy always lies with the aggressor,' said Yelena Solovyova, the defense lawyer for Ms. Katorova in Nakhodka, near Vladivostok in the country’s far east. 'This was such an ideological victory for me, because for the first time the court heard that you cannot blame the victim, you cannot transfer all the blame to the woman.'" (para 4)."For instance, at her trial, Ms. Gurcheva said that she had called the police on numerous occasions but that they never responded. Ms. Katorova said that she had filed police reports twice, but that local officers persuaded her to withdraw the complaints rather...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"According to police, there were no separate prisons designated for women and children" (2).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Moreover, even legal and other rights that are available on paper are often not enforced due to corruption in the legal system, the police force and other governmental authorities. These failures are compounded by a judiciary that is unreliable, susceptible to military influence and corruption, and often unwilling to enforce the rule of law. Outside of the formal legal system, the application of customary laws which are prevalent in rural and ethnic areas can also impede women’s access to justice. These factors present serious obstacles to women’s ability to know or enforce their rights" (page 2). "In Burma, generally accepted cultural norms and patriarchy put women seeking to obtain justice...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the situation of women in detention, who are particularly vulnerable to sexual violence, including rape, by State officials, and about the absence of adequate, independent and confidential complaint mechanisms. The Committee is particularly concerned about reports that repatriated women are detained on the criminal charge of 'illegal border crossing' and, in addition to suffering sexual violence, are at risk of death in detention, subjected to forced abortions and deprived of their right to a fair trial" (12).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"According to Penal Reform International (PRI), although men and women were held separately and pretrial detainees were held separately from convicted prisoners, during transitions between temporary detention centers, pretrial detention, and prisons, youth often were held with same-sex adults. Conditions did not vary by inmate gender but by the age of the detention facility. Abuse occurred in police cells, pretrial detention facilities, and prisons. Observers cited the primary cause of mistreatment as the lack of professional training programs for administrators" (page 3).
Nov. 1, 2018, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Meanwhile men are seldom punished as attackers [of rape], with police, guards and soliders allowed to act with impunity" (para 4). "On the days they felt like it, market guards or police officials could ask me to follow them to an empty room outside the market, or some other place they'd pick,' where they forced sexual encounters, she said" (para 7). "They found that police and other officials prey on women [sexually] with near-total impunity, in a deeply hierarchical and patriarchal society where traditional values of deference to authority still hold sway" (para 11). "'Every night some woman would be forced to leave with a guard and be raped,' said...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Prison and detention center conditions were harsh and sometimes life threatening due to food shortages, overcrowding, poor sanitation, and inadequate medical care. Physical Conditions: Overcrowding was a problem. For example, Dakar’s main prison facility, Rebeuss, held more than twice the number of inmates for which it was designed. Female detainees generally had better conditions than did men. Pretrial detainees were not always separated from convicted prisoners. Authorities held boys separately from men, while girls were held together with women. According to government statistics, 50 prisoners died in custody in 2014. In addition to overcrowding, the National Organization for Human Rights, a nongovernmental organization (NGO), identified lack of adequate sanitation as...more
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In his October 27 report to the UN General Assembly, Ahmed Shaheed, the UN special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, reported that the penal code retained the death penalty for consensual same-sex sexual activity although authorities reportedly had not carried out any executions during the year" (para 10). "Commonly reported methods of torture and abuse in prisons included prolonged solitary confinement, threats of rape, forced virginity tests, sexual humiliation" (para 21). "In October imprisoned cartoonist and activist Atena Farghadani stated to AI that authorities forced her to undergo a virginity test after being charged with 'non-adultery illegitimate relations' for shaking hands with...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities generally held female prisoners at separate facilities. In prisons that housed both male and female prisoners, female prisoners were held in separate cellblocks. According to NGO observers, the conditions in prisons for females tended to be significantly better than those in prisons for men. Women’s cellblocks within prisons that held prisoners of both genders, however, did not always grant female prisoners access to the same amenities, such as exercise facilities, as their male counterparts" (para 26). "On the same day, a Bandung court sentenced a woman to five months in prison for disseminating salacious material online after her husband turned over to police her private online messages to another...more
Oct. 18, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Bahara is now an inmate at Mazar-i-Sharif high security prison in Balkh province. Many women have been imprisoned here for what are considered 'moral crimes', which include running away from home and having sex before marriage. Most will have had to undergo virginity tests and many women will spend months in jail because they failed them" (para 6). "Before he took up his post, he said, women who were seen by police in public places with other men were immediately suspected of having sexual intercourse, and sent for testing" (para 18).
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Dareen Salhieh, chief prosecutor of the Family Protection Unit in the Public Prosecution, said that they conducted gender-sensitive training for the police and prosecutors in the West Bank, who then investigated and referred cases of killings of women by their husbands or families to courts" (para 9). "Since 2006, when Human Rights Watch reported on the inadequate response to domestic violence in Palestine, the Palestinian Authority has taken some positive steps in the West Bank by creating specialized Family Protection Units in police stations and family protection prosecutorial units" (para 15). "Palestinian authorities are considering a draft Family Protection Law that would remedy this if amended in line with international...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Last month, Saudi officials arrested a group of well-known feminists, among them some veterans of a 1990 protest, in what was seen as a warning to them not to take credit for the end of the driving ban. Eight leading women’s rights activists remain behind bars, according to Amnesty International. They are facing serious charges, including spying and sedition" (para 13-14).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities generally held female prisoners in a separate facility under conditions similar to those of male prisoners. Some women were housed in separate areas of men’s prisons. Children up to the age of three could stay with their mothers in prison" (para 30)
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"When it comes to justice in Afghanistan, our research at Samuel Hall shows that women are at a disadvantage in accessing and navigating the legal system, and are thereby particularly vulnerable to abuse and exploitation" (para 3). "Women face significant challenges in simply accessing the legal system. As a result, laws that have been passed to support them have limited impact. Lack of access to civil documentation such as tazkera (national IDs) and marriage certificates is a major, but hidden, reason for difficulties in gaining access to justice. Without tazkera and a marriage certificate, women cannot legally claim inheritance or assert their rights in divorce cases" (para 6). "The government...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"HRW contended that widespread torture and systematic abuses continued in detention facilities and reported several instances of torture and rape of detainees" (para 30). "Women’s prisons often lacked adequate child-care facilities for inmates’ children, whom the law permits to remain with their mothers until the age of four" (para 41)
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"One pregnant woman reported she was denied medical treatment while in detention and, after nine days of bleeding while detained, suffered a miscarriage" (2). "Women have been historically disadvantaged, particularly in the application of Islamic law in matters such as divorce, education, inheritance, and providing legal testimony, including on rape" (17). "Under Islamic practice, husbands may divorce their wives more easily than wives may divorce their husbands. Islamic law also governs estate inheritance, which grants male heirs twice the share of female heirs. According to the PGO, property is divided equally among siblings unless the men in the family demand a larger share" (19).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Piatra Neamt chief of police resigned in March after surveillance camera footage showed him slapping and kicking a 14-year-old girl at police headquarters. The Directorate for the Investigation of Organized Crimes and Terrorism initiated an investigation" (3).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The COI also reported 'the violations in the areas of extrajudicial executions, torture (including sexual torture), national service, and forced labor may constitute crimes against humanity'" (para 2). "The COI found that during its reporting period officials used mistreatment such as extreme forms of restraint, rape, or beatings to cause severe physical and psychological pain during interrogations and to punish detainees and conscripts and that this mistreatment constituted torture" (para 12). "The CEDAW report also noted reports that guards subjected female detainees to violence, including sexual violence" (para 16). "When police arrested mothers, their young children sometimes were held with them" (para 18)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"On March 25, a young woman reported to human rights organizations that a high-ranking police officer raped her while she was detained in a preventive holding cell. The NNP stated it investigated the case and found that no such incident occurred. The mother of the victim claimed that both she and her daughter were under police surveillance after the victim was released. The victim did not file charges against the officer" (3). "Conditions for female inmates were generally better than those for men but were nevertheless overcrowded and unhygienic" (4).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"'The police know who we are, they know where we meet the customer, they wait there all the time and when they see us they threaten us. If we don't pay them money then they arrest us,' she says. Ma Ei Pyi says that sometimes the police don't just demand money. She says she was among a group of sex workers forced to accompany a police officer to a local guest house and have sex with him in order to avoid being arrested" (para 28-29).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Furthermore, the Committee is particularly concerned at the reported disproportionate use of violence by the police, including sexual abuse, against female students during social protests and against women during Mapuche protests. It regrets the absence of prosecution of perpetrators and the failure of the State party to provide access to justice to women victims of such violence" (4).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Approval of Law No. 8204, amending the Psychotropic Substances Act to reduce the penalty for women based on gender criteria, enabled 159 women to be released from the prison system in 2013...This legislation made it possible to incorporate proportionality and gender specificity..." (7-8). "The addendum to article 486 bis of Law No. 7594, the Code of Criminal Process, would allow some people to serve sentences in their homes, using electronic bracelets. This measure would benefit women who are at an advanced stage of pregnancy when entering prison, whether mothers who are heads of household with a child of up to 12 years of age, or if a child or family...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"There is no separate facility for juvenile females because there were generally fewer than five throughout the country at any one time" (2). "The law extends these rights to all defendants" (3). It appears that the laws and punishments are the same, regardless of gender (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"A video has recently surfaced in Pakistan, where a contingent of police officers can be seen baton charging a group of unarmed women mill workers protesting in Muzaffargarh, Punjab. The scuffle occurred inside the district court of Muzaffargarh in broad daylight, yet the judicial officer never took any action against the erring police officers, nor was any police officer suspended for transcending his authority" (para 1). "In particular, religious minorities, women and children suffer the wrath of the police the most. It is tragic that those to be protected by the police become its victims. This is largely because policing in a security state is not about protecting the weak,...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Prison authorities did not uniformly enforce BJMP and BuCor regulations that require holding male and female inmates in separate facilities and, in national prisons, overseeing them with guards of the same sex" (5). "There continued to be reports of rape and sexual abuse of women in police or protective custody. Women from marginalized groups, such as suspected prostitutes, drug users, and indigent individuals arrested for minor crimes, were more likely to be raped" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"There were numerous incidents of police charged with abduction, sexual harassment, theft, and malfeasance..." (32). The majority of sexual harassment charges are assumed to be against women (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Leaders of a lawyer’s association as well as academics reported the practice of innocent women throughout the country and particularly in the north pleading guilty to criminal offenses, usually involving illegal drugs, in order for a male relative, in most cases their husbands, to avoid prosecution or trial. Family members and others often pressured these women to provide false confessions, ostensibly to enable the male offender to continue to provide financially for the family. Criminal defense attorneys insisted police, prosecutors, and...more