The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-LAW-1

Sept. 28, 2020, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1

"The UN Torture Committee in August called on Polish authorities to provide adequate protection for victims of domestic violence" (para 14).
Sept. 27, 2020, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The 2017 family violence law requires police to urgently intervene when there is a reasonable assumption of an immediate threat of repetition or the continuation of violence in the family. But in practice, law enforcement bodies lack awareness and training on protection mechanisms envisaged by the law, such as protection orders, and do not adequately use them" (para 7). "Domestic violence is neither a stand-alone felony nor an aggravating criminal circumstance in the criminal code. In October, authorities introduced amendments to domestic violence legislation, removing references to restoring harmony in family and reconciliation as the law's principle concepts, widening its applicability to former and current partners, and including controlling behavior...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Qatar has no law on domestic violence and only has an article in the family law forbidding husbands from hurting their wives physically or morally, and general provisions on assault" (para 14).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Kuwait has no laws on domestic violence and does not explicitly criminalize marital rape. A 2015 law creating family courts in each governorate set up a national center to “combat domestic violence,” but requires the center to prioritize reconciliation over protection for domestic violence survivors. A draft domestic violence bill remained pending in parliament." (para 18).
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

“Eremia and Others v. the Republic of Moldova (28 May 2013): Ms Eremia and her two daughters complained about the Moldovan authorities’ failure to protect them from the violent and abusive behaviour of their husband and father, a police officer. The Court found a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman and degrading treatment) in respect of Ms Eremia, a violation of Article 8 (right to respect for private and family life) in respect of her two daughters and a violation of Article 14 (prohibition of discrimination) read in conjunction with Article 3 in respect of Ms Eremia. It held that, despite their knowledge of the abuse, the authorities had...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Palestine has no comprehensive domestic violence law to prevent abuse and protect survivors" (para 35).
Sept. 26, 2020, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Palestine has no comprehensive domestic violence law to prevent abuse and protect survivors" (para 35).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"In 2009, then-President Hamid Karzai signed legislation that dramatically expanded the list of abuses against women that constitute criminal offenses, and set tough new punishments" (2).
Sept. 17, 2020, 10:40 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Malawi’s Constitution states that laws shall be enacted to eradicate customs and practices that discriminate against women. Article 24(2) states: Any law that discriminates against women on the basis of gender or marital status shall be invalid and legislation shall be passed to eliminate customs and practices that discriminate against women, particularly practices such as-- (a) sexual abuse, harassment and violence; (b) discrimination in work, business and public affairs; and (c) deprivation of property, including property obtained by inheritance."
Sept. 17, 2020, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Evidence: In any proceedings under this Act (other than criminal proceedings) including proceedings by way of appeal, the court may receive such evidence as it thinks fit whether it is, or is not otherwise admissible in a court of law or not" (22).
Sept. 17, 2020, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"In Malawi, there has never been an explicit legislative marital rape exemption; it is the operation of customary law, and the interpretation of consent and 'unlawful' that results in the legal impunity for marital rape" (24).
Sept. 16, 2020, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

This provision also criminalises rape in marriage, between partners or between former spouses or partners. (CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 16, 2020, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Parties shall take the necessary measures to promote changes in the social and cultural patterns of behaviour of women and men with a view to eradicating prejudices, customs, traditions and all other practices which are based on the idea of the inferiority of women or on stereotyped roles for women and men" (Article 12).
Sept. 16, 2020, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Parties shall ensure that culture, custom, religion, tradition or so-called 'honour' shall not be considered as justification for any acts of violence covered by the scope of this Convention" (Article 12).
Sept. 16, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

Migrant and refugee women are particularly vulnerable to violence. Thus, the convention prohibits discrimination on the grounds of migrant or refugee status, when it comes to implementing its provisions. It also requires that measures are taken to prevent such violence and support victims while taking into account the needs of vulnerable persons. The Convention established the possibility of independent residency status for migrant women who are victims of violence and enables migrant victims forced into marriage in another country to regain their residence status (Article 4). (CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 16, 2020, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

“'Domestic violence' shall mean all acts of physical, sexual, psychological or economic violence that occur within the family or domestic unit or between former or current spouses or partners, whether or not the perpetrator shares or has shared the same residence with the victim" (Article 3).
Sept. 16, 2020, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

“'Violence against women' is understood as a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women and shall mean all acts of gender-based violence that result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life" (Article 3).
Sept. 16, 2020, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: DV-LAW-1

Customary law is not considered a valid source of law under the Constitution, in relation to land rights or any other area (6).
Sept. 16, 2020, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

At present, there is no law in Liberia that explicitly forbids domestic violence or that prescribes any punishment for perpetrators.
Sept. 15, 2020, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law falls short, however, of ensuring protections for non-cohabiting current or former partners, spouses, or relatives, leaving a critical gap in protection for women and girls who have never lived or are no longer living with boyfriends, partners, spouses, or in-laws who abused them" (16).
Sept. 15, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

No mention of customary law within the Act on the Prevention of Spousal Violence and the Protection of Victims. (CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Article 1 of Law No. 17/ 2015 on Protection from Domestic Violence defines domestic violence as ‘any violent that happens within the family by one of its members, the ‘aggressor’ against another member the ‘victim’. This definition, is not based on international conventions and documents, most notably the 1993 Universal Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. Thus the definition has many short comings, for example, it does not include the threats of violence, nor does it cover domestic workers who work in the family" (5).
Sept. 14, 2020, 3:15 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: DV-LAW-1

No mention of marital rape or customary law in domestic violence act. (CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 14, 2020, 12:33 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

Urgent security dispositions to fight against gender-based violence, including terms of civil protection. Introduces stronger measures against domestic violence. (CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 14, 2020, 12:19 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence in Italy is indirectly covered in the Criminal Code under different articles not specific to domestic violence. the articles include: Article 572 (maltreatment within the family), Article 575 (Homicide), Article 582 (Injuries with healing time above 20 days), Article 605 (Kidnapping), Article 609 (Sexual Acts with Minor), Article 610 (Private Violence), Article 612 (Severe threatening). Stalking is a separate offense that was introduced into the Criminal Code in 2009 "
Sept. 14, 2020, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DV-LAW-1

In 1991, Israel passed the Prevention of Family Violence Act. There is no definition of domestic violence anywhere in the law. (CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 11, 2020, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Libyan law does not specifically criminalize domestic violence" (para 31).
Sept. 10, 2020, 7:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DV-LAW-1

Iraq does not have a domestic violence law, except for in the Kurdish region. No information about what the sufficient evidence is (CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 9, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-LAW-1

Evidence: "Upon the sole testimony of the aggrieved person, the court may conclude that an offence under sub-section (1) of section 31 has been committed by the accused"
Sept. 9, 2020, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-LAW-1

The Jammu and Kashmir Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act applies to Jammu and Kashmir, which aren't submitted to previous law. (CODER COMMENT)