The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-LAW-2

Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes domestic abuse and family violence with prison terms of two to four years and makes domestic violence an aggravating circumstance in homicide cases"(16)
Dec. 20, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"[an Afghani woman] was being abused by her husband, and she had the physical wounds to show it. At first, the government lawyer assigned to her, a man in his 60s, asked for a bribe. She decided to pay for his phone credit and gas for his car. Then, even after she got her divorce and her husband was sentenced to three years in prison, the lawyer would not stop calling" (para 18).
Dec. 20, 2017, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The draft law was approved in July 2016, though it has yet to go into effect. Its provisions include prohibiting all forms of violence against women (physical, psychological, sexual or economic), and issuing prison sentences or financial penalties should the law be broken. The law criminalizes marital rape, ends impunity for rapists who marry their victims and also criminalizes sexual harassment, with either imprisonment or financial penalty as the consequence. The penalty for these transgressions largely appears to be imprisonment for differing degrees of time (with increased severity if the victim is a family member), rather than a protective measure, such as a restraining order" (para 4).more
Dec. 20, 2017, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"While the bill includes protective measures, such as removing abusers from the home and forbidding contact with the victim, it does not address other aspects of spousal abuse, such as marital rape" (para 10).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The report . . . focuses on a system of mediation for women who have suffered domestic abuse. Nebiye Mertturk, a representative of nongovernmental organization Halkevci Women, told Al-Monitor, 'The commission’s recommendations make initiation of legal complaints about violence all the more difficult.' Diren Cevahir Sen, an attorney fighting for women's rights, told Al-Monitor that the recommendations would require women not to seek help from nearby police but to travel long distances to issue a complaint. Sen said that this change in procedure 'is almost equivalent to handing a death sentence to women trying to escape violence'" (para 8-9).
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"According to the KINU [Korean Institute for National Unification] 2015 white paper, the 2012 revision of the country’s criminal code indicated a sentence reduction for rape and domestic violence"(12)."The law states that a man who has sexual intercourse with a girl under age 15 shall be 'punished gravely.' There was no reporting on whether the government upheld this law"(14)
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Morocco has taken steps toward legal reform on domestic violence, and three bills are pending...The other bills would make adjustments related to violence against women in the penal and criminal procedure codes"(3)."The revisions would clarify domestic violence crimes and rules of evidence pertaining to them"(3)."Positive provisions in the main violence against women bill include protective measures, such as removing abusers from the home or barring contact with the victim"(3)."Human Rights Watch urged the Moroccan government to improve these pending bills, by including, for example, emergency and longer-term orders for protection – also known as restraining orders. The bills should...spell out the duties of police, prosecutors, judges, and other authorities in ...more
July 28, 2017, 7:07 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Critics say the bill is a clear backslide on women’s rights; it would remove most legal and disciplinary distinctions between violence in the family household and street assaults, which were decriminalized in Russia in 2016. The offense carries a penalty of about $500 if prosecuted" (para 3). "One of the bill’s authors, Olga Batalina, reportedly told her fellow lawmakers that the amendment would only concern assaults causing 'bruises or grazes.' RFE/RL also cited ruling party official Andrei Isayev as saying that domestic assault would only be considered a misdemeanor on the first offense, but a criminal offense on the second" (para 7).
May 31, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The Anti-Gender-based Violence Act of 2010 criminalizes spousal rape, and the penal code criminalizes domestic violence between spouses and among family members living in one home. The law provides for prosecution of most GBV crimes, and penalties for conviction of assault range from a fine to 25 years in prison, depending on the severity of injury and whether a weapon was used during the assault. The law requires medical reports prepared by certified practitioners for the prosecution of cases of violence against women (and also against men), but there were few certified practitioners in rural areas. The law provides for protection orders for victims of domestic and gender violence, and ...more
May 31, 2017, 8:24 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DV-LAW-2

Punishments for domestic violence vary depending on the nature of the violence: emotional abuse in Article 39 (6-18 months); article 41 on various forms of threats to physical, psychological, sexual or property abuse (10-22 months but increases 1/3 to 1/2 for domestic violence); sexual abuse in article 42 (10-15 years, with 1/4 to 1/3 increase for spouse, ex-spouse, ex-partner, partner); economic violence in article 50 (1-3 years).
May 31, 2017, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"If found guilty of domestic violence, the type and severity of the sentence will depend on the offence committed as well as on the aggravating or mitigating circumstances accompanying such offence. Thus, administrative liability for domestic violence actions may result in minor fines, an obligation to conduct certain public works (community service) or arrest for a short period. However, the sanctions for criminal acts are much more severe and may constitute substantial fines, imprisonment for various periods or even life imprisonment"
May 31, 2017, 8:15 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-LAW-2

Felonious injury ARTICLE 86- (1) Person intentionally giving harm or pain to another person or executes an act which may lead to deterioration of health or mental power of others, is sentenced to imprisonment from one year to three years. (2) In case of commission of offense of felonious injury; a) Against antecedents or descendents, or spouse or brother/sister, b) Against a person who cannot protect himself due to corporal or spiritual disability, c) By virtue of public office, d) By undue influence based on public office, e) By use of a weapon, the offender is sentenced to imprisonment from two years to five years. "Torment ARTICLE 96-(1) Any person ...more
May 31, 2017, 8:07 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The Family Violence Law does not criminalize domestic violence, nor does the Tajik Criminal Code or any other Tajik law. Focusing primarily on prevention, the Family Violence Law provides only administrative punishments, such as fines and administrative custody of the perpetrator. Instead of criminal penalties, the Law proscribes “disciplinary conversations” with the offenders and victims of violence to identify the causes and circumstances of the violence and explain social and legal consequences of future violence. Because the Family Violence Law does not explicitly recognize it as a crime punishable under the law, impunity for domestic violence remains the norm."
May 31, 2017, 7:29 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Criminal Code: Sexual Violence Article 171 (1) Whoever uses force or threatens a person of the same or opposite sex with imminent attack on life or limb thereby compelling that person to submit to any lewd act not covered by the preceding Article or to perform such an act shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than ten years. (2) If the offence under the preceding paragraph has been committed in a cruel or extremely humiliating manner or successively by several perpetrators or against offenders serving sentence or other persons whose personal freedom was taken away, the perpetrator(s) shall be sentenced to imprisonment ...more
May 31, 2017, 7:23 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: DV-LAW-2

The Law on Prevention and Punishment of gender based violence gives various punishments for domestic and other gender based violence: (for example): Article 20: Penalty for harassing one’s spouse Any person guilty of harassing his/her spouse shall be liable to imprisonment of six (6) to two (2) years.; Article 26: Penalty for distorting tranquility of one’s spouse on sexual grounds Any person guilty of the offence referred to in paragraph 2 and 3 of Article 4 of this Law shall be liable to imprisonment of six (6) months to two (2) years and a fine between fifty thousand (50,000 Rwf) Rwandan francs and two hundred thousand (200,000 Rwf) Rwandan francs. ...more
May 31, 2017, 7:18 a.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"Criminal Code: - Who, whether or not repeatedly, inflict physical or psychological maltreatment, including corporal punishment, deprivation of liberty and sexual offenses: A) To the spouse or former spouse; B) The person of another or the same sex with whom the agent maintains or has maintained a relationship of relationship or a relationship similar to that of the spouses, even without cohabitation; C) The parent of common descendant in 1st degree; or (D) a person who is particularly defenseless, in particular on account of age, disability, illness, pregnancy or economic dependency; Shall be punished with imprisonment from one to five years, if a more severe penalty does not fit him ...more
May 31, 2017, 7:02 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Article 229.- Family violence: He who, in the family, habitually exercised physical violence over another with whom he lives, will be punished with a fine."
May 28, 2017, 6:28 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

Section 219. Anyone who threatens, force, restrict the freedom of movement, exercise violence against or otherwise violate, gross or repeated maltreatment A) his former or present spouse or cohabitant, B) the relative of the former or present spouse or cohabitant in the straight-line line, C) his relative in the ascending line, D) someone in his household, or E) someone in his care Punishable with imprisonment for up to 4 years. If the abuse is gross or insulted as a result of the act dies or causes significant damage to the body or health, the sentence is imprisonment for up to 6 years. In determining whether the abuse is gross, particular ...more
May 28, 2017, 6:11 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DV-LAW-2

Translated from French - "Whoever volontarily beats or hurts one of his ancestors, kafil or spouse, is punished: 1) In the cases and by the distinctions described by articles 400 and 401, of twice the punishment enated by these articles; 2) in the case described by article 402-1, of imprisonment for twenty to thirty years; 3) In the case described by article 403-1, of imprisonment for tweny to thirty years, and in the case described by article 403-2, of perpetuel imprisonment."
May 28, 2017, 5:56 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

For the first time, with this change in the Law, domestic violence can incur criminal punishment. The Law provides that while the first instance of domestic violence will not be deemed a criminal act, the second instance will be. ... Under the Criminal Code, “administrative measures (fines or warnings) will be taken for first instances of domestic violence. If actions considered as domestic violence are continuously committed, it will be viewed a criminal offence and appropriate measures (confinement) will be taken.” (Id.) The new Law covers, among other subjects: the principle of domestic violence and definitions; forms of domestic violence (ie., physical violence, emotional abuse,. economic abuse, and sexual abuse); ...more
May 28, 2017, 5:45 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The Iraqi parliament should set penalties for the crime of domestic violence, remove provisions that prioritize reconciliation over justice, and improve victim protections in a domestic violence bill, Human Rights Watch said today in a letter and memorandum to the speaker of parliament. Parliament is completing its review of the draft Anti-Domestic Violence Law, which was introduced in 2015. Parliament should make key amendments and then urgently approve the bill."
May 28, 2017, 5:31 a.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"World Bank, Women, Business and the Law Data: states that Guinea-Bissau's Law No. 6 of 2014 provides for criminal penalties for domestic violence, which covers physical, sexual, economic and emotional violence against family members and former spouses, and provides protection orders for victims"
May 28, 2017, 5:08 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

5. Also the Estonian legislation favours the perpetrator’s being left unpunished. According to the current Estonian criminal law the police begin the criminal procedure when a woman has practically been beaten to the state of becoming crippled (having a long-term health problem or having lost 1/3 of the capacity to work). All the smaller scale cases are only a problem of the victim, meaning that she would have to file a private accusation (in accordance with article 113 of the Criminal Code), take the case before a court, pay the security money (in the sum of 30 days’ average salary), prove the guilt herself or hire a lawyer etc. All ...more
May 28, 2017, 4:48 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

The Comprehensive Criminal Organic Code (COIP), criminalizes violence against women and other members of the family group, according to the level of severity. In addition, femicide is typified as the ultimate expression of violence against women and other forms of violence, including physical, psychological and sexual violence. Ecuador's criminal law, in general, allows the judge or judges to impose one or several precautionary measures to ensure the presence of the person prosecuted (Article 522); In addition, that protective measures be ordered in favor of the alleged victim (Article 558). It should be mentioned that this new legislation does not focus solely on violence in the family context, since in accordance ...more
May 28, 2017, 4:37 a.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"Penal Code as amended by Law No 24-97: Article 309-1 Abuse of women is defined as any action or behaviour, public or private, on the basis of their gender, that causes them physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering through the use of physical force or psychological or verbal abuse, intimidation, or persecution. Article 309-2 Domestic or intra-family violence is defined as any pattern of through the use of physical force or psychological abuse, verbal or persecution against one or more members of the family or against person in a relationship of cohabitation, against the spouse, former spouse, law spouse or former common law spouse, or consensual partner, or against ...more
May 25, 2017, 4:07 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: DV-LAW-2

""adopted laws on Protection from Family Violence. These laws introduced protective measures for victims of domestic violence, such as restraining orders, removal of perpetrators from the family home, the prohibition of harassment and stalking, mandatory psychosocial treatment and mandatory rehabilitation. ...According to article 222 of the Criminal Code of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, offenders shall be subject to a fine or imprisonment for a maximum of three years. Aggravating factors such as the use of a weapon, causing serious bodily harm or death, and causing death of a family member carry sentences of between three months and 15 years, or “long-term imprisonment” of between 21 and 45 years."more
May 25, 2017, 3:55 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Domestic abuse resulting in injury is punishable by three to six years’ imprisonment, and the penalty for serious physical or psychological harm is a five- to 12-year prison sentence."
May 25, 2017, 3:42 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law prohibits domestic violence and provides for fines and incarceration. The sanctions for domestic violence are based on the sanctions for physical violence against a third person; the latter range from eight days to 20 years in prison, depending on the means and consequences of the violence. In case of domestic violence, these sanctions are doubled. The law lists several aggravating circumstances, such as violence against the partner and the weakness of the partner (age, pregnancy, illness, and handicap.) A number of government-supported shelters and telephone helplines were available across the country for victims of domestic abuse. In addition to providing lodging, many shelters assisted in legal matters, job ...more
May 25, 2017, 3:14 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"According to human rights monitors, many victims did not report rapes due to lack of access to legal services, social stigma, or fear of further harassment and the legal requirement to furnish witnesses."
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law prescribes mandatory caning and a minimum imprisonment of two years for conviction on any charge of 'outraging modesty' that caused the victim to fear death or injury" (20).