The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for DV-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the establishment of a central registry on domestic violence, which was launched in April 2016, but is concerned at: . . . (c) The delay in adopting regulations for the Sexual Offences Act (1986), in order to introduce a sex offender registry, which would help to deal with repeat offenders; (d) Information about the low number of arrests for breaches of protection orders; (e) Information that training for law enforcement officers is gender neutral and that, although the Cabinet adopted a procedural manual for police officers, law enforcement officers frequently treat domestic violence as a private matter" (page 7).
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Many forms of child abuse, including sexual abuse, physical and humiliating punishment, child abandonment, kidnapping, and trafficking, continued to be serious and widespread problems. Children were vulnerable to abuse in all settings: home, community, school, residential institutions, and the workplace" (27).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The National Police accompanied victims of sexualand gender based violence to the hospital and escorted them to their homes to collect their belongings. Police officers helped victims go to a location where they believed they would be safe (often a family member; there was no official shelter on Fogo). Very often, however, victims returned to their abusers due to economic and social pressures. The government enforced the law against rape and domestic violence somewhat effectively. Nongovernmental sources lamented the lack of social and psychological care for perpetrators and survivors alike" (10-11).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"State and municipal laws addressing domestic violence largely failed to meet the required federal standards and often were unenforced, although states and municipalities, especially in the north, were beginning to prioritize training on domestic violence" (para 19). "There were numerous reports of child abuse. The government sought to increase comprehensive protection of children through passage of the General Law on the Rights of Children and Adolescents, adopted in December 2014. The law grants special attention to vulnerable children and adolescents, including migrant children, children with disabilities, and children living in poverty... In December the government created a National Program for the Integral Protection of Children and Adolescents, mandated by law,...more
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"State and municipal laws addressing domestic violence largely failed to meet the required federal standards and often were unenforced, although states and municipalities, especially in the north, were beginning to prioritize training on domestic violence" (para 19). "There were numerous reports of child abuse. The government sought to increase comprehensive protection of children through passage of the General Law on the Rights of Children and Adolescents, adopted in December 2014. The law grants special attention to vulnerable children and adolescents, including migrant children, children with disabilities, and children living in poverty... In December the government created a National Program for the Integral Protection of Children and Adolescents, mandated by law,...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against women, including so-called honor killings, remained a significant problem, and child marriage persisted. The government did not effectively protect women, children, members of ethnic and religious minorities, and LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex) persons from abuse, discrimination, and violence" (page 3). "The law prohibits violence against women, but human rights organizations claimed the government did not effectively enforce it . . . The government did not effectively or fully enforce these laws or protect victims, who often waited days or weeks to report incidents due to embarrassment or fear of reprisals, hindering effective prosecution of assailants" (page 54).
Nov. 17, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"“It is very difficult to explain in Russia that domestic violence is not a family conflict, it is violence,” said Marina Pisklakova-Parker, the founder of the National Center for the Prevention of Violence, also known by its Russian acronym, ANNA. “Our main problem is the lack of a system of response.” Some liberal church figures have helped open shelters, but the numbers are limited. There are no legal instruments like restraining orders for women to seek protection from law enforcement agencies, and little immediate chance of creating them. Opponents say that such legalities would undermine the husband’s role and hence “traditional families.” Any such law, they argue, is an attempt...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against women is a widespread and institutionalized problem in Burma. Women face violence at home and in public and there is an inadequate legal framework to provide justice to victims, contrary to claims in the State Report" (page 20). "Dowry System: Dawei: In four townships of Tanintharyi Region (Tavoy/Dawei, Laung Lon, Thayetchaung and Yebyu townships). Dowry system in place for marriage with most dowries ranging from 5 to 15 million Kyat. A higher dowry is fetched for women from wealthy families, property owners, university graduates, government civil servants or teachers. Perception of wedded women as “property” that is “bought” for a dowry. As a result women have little say...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that women and girls have been subjected to increasing levels and different types of gender-based violence, such as domestic violence, forced disappearances, torture and murders, especially feminicide, by state actors, including law enforcement officials and the security forces, as well as by non-state actors such as organized crime groups" (3). "The Committee notes with concern that key provisions of the General Act on Women’s Access to a Life Free of Violence (LGAMVLV-2007) have not yet been implemented. It notes that the State party has put in place a national machinery to address violence against women, however it is concerned that the capacity and resources allocated to...more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law treats domestic violence as a civil matter unless the victim suffers bodily harm. Failure to comply with a civil court’s judgment relating to a domestic violence case is a criminal and prosecutable offense, although prosecutions for this offense were rare" (para 110). "The rate of prosecution was low, due to societal factors as well as a backlog of cases in both civil and criminal courts...Sentences ranged from judicial reprimands to imprisonment" (para 111). "The law permits individuals who feel threatened to petition for restraining orders, but violation of restraining orders seldom led to criminal charges. Courts rarely gave recidivists enhanced sentences as required by law" (para 112). "On...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned about the limited information available regarding cases of domestic violence filed with the courts, which is indicative of overall indifference and unresponsiveness, on the part of the police and the judiciary, to this crime" (7).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The government reported that it opened 17,939 domestic violence cases in 2014, of which women brought 80 percent" (para 138)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs maintained the domestic violence law does not have an effective mechanism for implementation. According to NGOs, domestic violence remained a serious problem . . . Police intervened in family disputes only when they believed the abuse was life threatening. Every regional administrative police unit has a specialist on gender issues, and these specialists are primarily women. Local community police, however, are generally men, and they are the first responders to calls and the first to work with victims. Police often encouraged the two parties to reconcile. Even when a charge was filed, the victim often withdrew the charge later. NGOs reported women often withdrew their complaints because of economic...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the government did not enforce the law, particularly when violence occurred within the family. Police usually did not intervene in domestic disputes, and most victims were reluctant to go outside the family for redress. Several women’s groups and the Committee to Combat Violence against Women and Children (CLVF) reported a rise in violence against women. NGOs, including the CLVF, criticized the failure of some judges to apply domestic violence laws, citing cases in which judges claimed lack of adequate evidence as a reason to issue lenient sentences. NGOs also criticized the government’s failure to permit associations to bring suits on behalf of victims and the lack of shield laws...more
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence against women, including spousal abuse, remained a serious problem. Abuse within families was prevalent and considered socially acceptable. Spousal abuse or domestic violence was difficult to measure because the government did not maintain statistics and victims typically did not report it" (38).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:31 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law establishes a framework for the investigation of domestic violence complaints, defines a process to issue restraining orders, and calls for the establishment of a shelter and rehabilitation center for survivors. Some critics of the domestic violence law asserted that a lack of clear implementing guidelines reduced its effectiveness. Female members of the Milli Mejlis and the head of the State Committee for Family, Women, and Children Affairs (SCFWCA) continued their activities against domestic violence. The committee conducted public awareness campaigns and worked to improve the socioeconomic situation of domestic violence survivors. Women had limited recourse against assaults by their husbands or others, particularly in rural areas"more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:29 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Special Rapporteur regrets that no information was shared by State authorities as regards prosecution and punishment of perpetrators of violence against women. However, according to the vast majority of interviewees, the conviction rate is very low and this contributes to the lack of trust in the judicial system"
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:29 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Other obstacles regarding the criminal justice system, as highlighted in interviews, include prosecutors and judges using inappropriate language, displaying discriminatory attitudes, perpetuating gender based stereotypes towards victims, and using reconciliation remedies, even when it is inappropriate. The latter was also used as grounds for termination of court proceedings. Various interviewees stated that courts tend to systematically use the reconciliation provisions of the Criminal Code and the Domestic Violence Law when defendants are first time offenders, without thorough consideration of the victim’s opinion regarding reconciliation, safety, and other conditions required under the law"
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In Azerbaijan, the main challenges relating to the investigation, prosecution and punishment of perpetrators for acts of violence against women are largely due to the minimal implementation and enforcement of the legal framework but also the lack of a gender perspective by law enforcement and judicial operators. The common resort to mediation as a means of dispute resolution is also a factor. Deeply rooted patriarchal attitudes regarding cases of violence against women, by police, judicial officers, other relevant civil servants as well as community leaders and families, contribute significantly to the underreporting of cases. The Rapporteur also noted the low number of women working in the criminal justice sector as...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Regarding protection orders, the Law provides for short-term 30 day and long-term 180-day protection orders for victims of domestic violence, whether the case is of a civil or criminal nature. However, considering that long-term protection orders can only be issued if and when perpetrators violate a short-term order, and that local executive bodies rarely issue short-term orders, courts rarely issue long-term protection orders. According to the information provided by the Ministry of Justice, courts issued three long-term protection orders in 2013. The process and mechanism through which local executive bodies are competent to issue short-term protection orders is not in operation as yet. throughout her visit, the Special Rapporteur was...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Law on Prevention of Domestic Violence also refers to the collection of statistical information in several articles, and specifically refers to the establishment of a domestic violence databank with information on occurrence of cases, complaints made to State bodies, examinations of cases and their results, inter alia, as a main preventive action. Despite these provisions, at the time of the Special Rapporteur’s visit, the extent of the phenomenon was difficult to assess, due to a significant lack of disaggregated data, the limited reliability of the information, the significant underreporting of cases, and the lack of a centralised information system to monitor the various manifestations of violence against women"more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:27 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Special Rapporteur is of the view that the activities carried out in order to prevent violence against women cannot be considered as effective and coordinated. The efforts towards societal transformation, which would address traditional gender roles, and stereotypes that continue to limit the personal, social, economic, and political freedom of women in Azerbaijan are limited. Although, some sporadic awareness-raising activities were undertaken, sustained prevention strategies, including with all concerned stakeholders, in particular women, children, men, community and religious leaders is crucial"
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:27 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Despite significant positive developments, interviewees consistently raised the lack of or limited implementation of laws and policies. The Special Rapporteur noted that this was the norm despite the existence of implementation mechanisms and strategies that provide a framework for action. Accountability is a crucial aspect in the effective prevention and elimination of violence against women, but the Rapporteur observed that impunity seemed to be the norm for crimes committed against women"
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:26 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Special Rapporteur noted with concern that the law does not fully criminalize domestic violence, but rather establishes that only those complaints, which “contain elements of composition of crime”, will be reviewed under the criminal procedure legislation. 'Relevant executive authorities' will review complaints that are deemed not to contain such elements; and such complaints will only be investigated with the consent of the victim or his (her) legal representative. The law perse does not distinguish which acts of domestic violence will be subject to criminal prosecution and which will not"
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:25 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Article 5.1 of the Domestic Violence Law stipulates that if complaints of domestic violence contain information about committed or premeditated crimes, then these should be reviewed 'in the manner defined in the criminal procedure legislation'. However, the Criminal Procedural Code itself has no provisions that specifically deal with the needs, rights, or special situation of victims of domestic violence. The Domestic Violence Law itself does impose different obligations on the actors in charge of criminal procedure however it does not specify which of these actors are responsible for which of the listed duties. The relevant article is titled as 'Measures to be taken along with criminal prosecution where the crimes...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"As the UN Special Rapporteur noted about the Azerbaijan context in particular: 'The systems of redress that currently exists favours family unity instead of considering the rights of the individual, and thus ignore the notions of protection of victims and accountability of perpetrators'"
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"During its monitoring of criminal proceedings involving domestic violence, the trial monitors have recorded cases such as: A prosecutor mentioning a proverb extolling the benefits of domestic violence to a victim; A judge telling a victim that her words and behaviour in the courtroom showed that she was 'as guilty as her husband'; and A judge trying to convince a victim to proceed with a hearing in closed session, using the reasoning that since she was a woman, some of the facts to be investigated in the trial would be “shameful” for her"
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:17 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Since the start of our operation in 2009, our NGO managed only once to enlist law’s support and get protection order issued by the court. And indeed we were pioneers in receiving the protection order stipulated in the law. But unfortunately, we faced inefficiency of the protection order. Simply put, nobody knew how to implement the law and even the judge who issued the order had confessed that this protection order was ineffective and groundless. And despite the availability of the protection order woman was again brutally beaten by her husband in a public space. The batterer wasn’t prosecuted and it’s with regret that the existence of the protection order...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"With a view to reducing the levels of stress and risks that facing the legal system may cause a victim of crime, free psycho-social and legal court assistance during criminal investigations and proceedings for particularly serious types of crime is available in Austria. Should civil proceedings result from the criminal act (for example, claims for damages but also divorce and custody proceedings in domestic violence cases), the psycho-social assistance continues while legal representation has to be sought elsewhere and paid for by the victim or through legal aid"
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:13 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The reasons cited by the Austrian authorities for the low numbers of convictions centre on the difficulties in securing evidence robust enough to obtain a conviction. Most forms of violence against women are committed by a family member or intimate partner, meaning victims have the right not to testify. If victims, in particular in domestic violence cases, refuse to testify in court, there is often no additional evidence on which to base a conviction. Prosecution services can instruct the law enforcement agencies to investigate further but rarely do so in domestic violence or stalking cases. As a result, they gauge the likelihood of a successful prosecution based on limited evidence...more