The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 27, 2020, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"…domestic violence persisted" (para 1). "They brought charges in 209 cases and sent 45 cases to courts" (para 6). "But in most cases, authorities do not protect women and child survivors of domestic violence, jeopardizing their lives and well-being" (para 7).
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-DATA-1

“Kontrovà v. Slovakia (31 May 2007): On 2 November 2002 the applicant filed a criminal complaint against her husband for assaulting her and beating her with an electric cable. The police later assisted her in withdrawing her complaint when she returned to the police station accompanied by her husband. On 31 December 2002 her husband shot dead their daughter and son, born in 1997 and 2001. The applicant received no compensation. The European Court of Human Rights found a violation of Article 2 (right to life) of the European Convention on Human Rights, concerning the authorities’ failure to protect the children’s lives, and a violation of Article 13 (right to...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-2, DV-DATA-1

“Valiulienė v. Lithuania (26 March 2013): The case concerned the complaint by a woman who was a victim of domestic violence about the authorities’ failure to investigate her allegations of ill-treatment and to bring her partner to account. The Court found a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of torture and of inhuman or degrading treatment). The authorities’ application of the code of criminal procedure in the applicant’s case had not provided her with adequate protection against acts of domestic violence. In particular, there had been delays in the criminal investigation and the public prosecutor had decided to discontinue the investigation” (3).
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-DATA-1

“Kalucza v. Hungary (24 April 2012): The case concerns Hungary’s failure to protect the applicant from her abusive former partner with whom she unwillingly shares her flat pending numerous civil disputes concerning its ownership. The Court found a violation of Article 8 (right to respect for private life) because the Hungarian authorities had not taken sufficient measures for the applicant’s effective protection from her former partner’s violent behaviour, despite criminal complaints lodged against him for assault, repeated requests for a restraining order against him and civil proceedings to order his eviction from their flat” (3).
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

“Eremia and Others v. the Republic of Moldova (28 May 2013): Ms Eremia and her two daughters complained about the Moldovan authorities’ failure to protect them from the violent and abusive behaviour of their husband and father, a police officer. The Court found a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman and degrading treatment) in respect of Ms Eremia, a violation of Article 8 (right to respect for private and family life) in respect of her two daughters and a violation of Article 14 (prohibition of discrimination) read in conjunction with Article 3 in respect of Ms Eremia. It held that, despite their knowledge of the abuse, the authorities had...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, DSFMF-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

“N. v. Sweden (no. 23505/09) (20 July 2010): The applicant, an Afghan national having an extra-marital affair with a man in Sweden, maintained that she risked social exclusion, long imprisonment or even death if returned to Afghanistan. Her applications for asylum were unsuccessful. The Court found that the applicant’s deportation from Sweden to Afghanistan would constitute a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) of the Convention. It noted that women were at particular risk of ill-treatment in Afghanistan if perceived as not conforming to the gender roles ascribed to them by society, tradition and even the legal system. The mere fact that the applicant...more
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Although the Kingdom of Bahrain had made progress in addressing violence against women, namely the promulgation the Law on the Protection from Domestic Violence and the development of the National Strategy for the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence, yet the legislation does not respond fully to the committees’ concluding observations No. 21 and 22. There are no effective punishments for perpetrators of violence, nor criminalizing marital rape and lack of measures to address traditional cultural attitudes that prevented women from reporting cases of violence, including by providing education and awareness programs to the general public on the criminal nature of all forms of violence against women. Furthermore, there is...more
Sept. 4, 2020, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-1

“Though the cases coming to government hospitals are mostly from lower income strata, Dr Harshindar says incest is rampant in all sections of society. ‘The mother is part of the conspiracy of silence. Such is the social stigma attached to the abuse that mothers bury it till the physical or emotional symptoms become telling. Even doctors do not probe this angle if a small girl comes with obvious symptoms of sexual abuse’” (para 19-20).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"'Gender inequality and violence against women are serious human rights concerns in Armenia. More vigorous efforts are needed to address them,' said Nils Muiznieks, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights. The Commissioner drew attention to the social attitudes accepting and justifying violence against women in some cases, thereby helping to hide perpetrators from accountability" (para 6). "There is a view that domestic violence should be resolved within the family and talking about it in public is considered inappropriate and shameful. Many women experiencing domestic violence do not report it, either because they believe that domestic violence is a private matter, or because they do not believe the police will...more
Aug. 30, 2020, 12:33 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In January 1984, she filed a case of attempted murder against her former husband. That was when her battle for justice began. It took seven years before he was sentenced by a jury to 15 years in prison. The conviction was turned over on appeal. In a new trial, Vivero was sentenced to 10 years but remained at large" (para 7). "In October 2002, Vivero was arrested and sentenced to just over six years on two counts of attempted murder, but he has only served two" (para 9). "That reality has changed, but more resources are needed, she said, particularly for women living in small towns, where patriarchy still has...more
Aug. 16, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the criminalization of domestic violence in January, measures to protect women remained inadequate and inconsistent" (para 3). "However, authorities are not consistently enforcing protective measures for women and girls, including both the Family Violence Law and a 2016 law to curb child and forced marriage" (para 15). "Crucially, the government has not yet appointed a body overseeing implementation of domestic violence prevention measures, as required by law" (para 16).
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

“The first law passed in the United States outlawing domestic violence was in Maryland in 1882 and, until relatively recently, law enforcement resist interfering in ‘family spats.’ It wasn’t until women came together in the 1960s and ‘70s, to coin the term ‘domestic violence’ and build shelters, that resources began to be available and norms began shifting. We do have an interesting holdover reality, however: In the United States, women who kill abusive husbands serve disproportionately long sentences if found guilty of a crime in court. According to the Michigan Women’s Justice and Clemency Project, ‘The average prison sentence for men who kill their intimate partners is 2 to 6...more
Aug. 8, 2020, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence remained pervasive but under-reported, and services for survivors inadequate" (para 49).
Aug. 8, 2020, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"While Algeria's 2015 law on domestic violence criminalized some forms of domestic violence, it contained loopholes that allow convictions to be dropped or sentences reduced if victims pardoned their perpetrators" (para 16).
Aug. 7, 2020, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Despite some positive developments, domestic violence remained a problem in Kosovo with inadequate police response, few prosecutions and continued failure by judges to issue restraining orders against abusive partners" (para 43).
July 31, 2020, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"Brazil made important progress in fighting domestic violence with the adoption of the 2006 'Maria da Penha' law, but implementation is lagging" (para 28).
July 28, 2020, noon
Countries: Argentina
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"It is estimated that 80% of the vicrtims of family violence are women. While at national and most the provintial level have legislation regarding this issue, there are nopublic pólicies that manage to articulate every indispensable sector and level of action for its erradication. The tendency, in most provinces, is the judicialization of the cases. In spit of this, there is no systematic capacitation policy for judges regarding this problem" (1-2). "It is worrisome, as well, the creation of DV programs without a human resources structure and materials that can respond to the demand. None of them has a technical team with the amount of professionals and experts needed to...more
July 28, 2020, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Despite improved data collection, there are still some data gaps. At present there is limited information on: a) emotional, verbal, psychological and financial abuse; b) violence committed by children and adolescents against parents; c) emerging forms of sexual violence, cyber stalking and online sexual harassment; d) certain cultural practices that may constitute family, domestic and sexual violence, such as forced marriage and female genital mutilation; e) the sociodemographic characteristics of victims and perpetrators; f) types of family violence perpetrated against LGBTI people outside of the IPV context" (4). "The National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and Their Children 2010-2022 (National Plan) is a major policy framework that has the...more
July 22, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The existing law is far from ideal. Human rights lawyers say it lacks a definition of honor crimes and offers little clarity on how the police or prosecutors should treat a woman who runs away from home to escape violence. Often a woman who flees is imprisoned on charges that she intended to commit adultery; numerous women interviewed in jails by the United Nations for its 2012 report on the law’s enforcement said they left home to avoid a forced marriage or domestic violence. And women come under enormous family pressure to drop any charge of domestic violence" (para 22). "Enforcement remains woefully insufficient: in the first full year that...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"More than one fourth (29%) of women agree that wife beating is justified under specific circumstances. It is, however, interesting that fewer men (23%) agreed. Among the five circumstances presented to respondents, the wife neglecting the children was reported as the most common circumstance justifying wife beating (24% of women, 19% of men), followed by the wife going out without telling her husband (12% of women, 9% of men). The wife bringing less dowry or no dowry was the least-justified reason among both women and men, at 1% nationally and less than 1% in all provinces except Province 2 (2%). Trends: The proportion of women who consider wife beating justifiable...more
July 15, 2020, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Ashrafi was just 14 years old when she ran away from home in Iran’s Gilan province with her much older adult boyfriend. When police found the couple, Ashrafi pleaded not to be sent home, telling the police she feared for her life. The police did not listen, and after forcibly returning her to her parents’ house, Ashrafi's father decapitated her with a sickle" (para 2).
July 14, 2020, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Her husband cut her hair off while she was asleep, as punishment for using too much shampoo" (para 20).
July 10, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Romina pleaded not to be sent home with her father, telling the investigator of his threats on her life. But Mr. Ashrafi assured him of her safety and she was released to her father’s care. By the next night she was dead" (para 47-48).
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"A greater percentage of women (46%) than men (26%) age 15-49 agree that a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife for at least one of the specified reasons. Approximately one in three women agree that a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife if she argues with him (32%), neglects the children (31%), or refuses to have sexual intercourse with him (30%). Twenty-eight percent of women believe that wife beating is justified if a wife makes major household purchases without telling her husband, 26% agree that wife beating is justified if she goes out without telling her husband, and 21% believe that wife beating is...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In conjunction with the project on the prevention of domestic violence, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), UN-Women, the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief (OXFAM), Helvetas, and the Taekwondo Association, feature films on social issues were designed and broadcast on questions of the equal rights of men and women in society, respect for women in the family, observance of the rights of women and children in the family, prevention of domestic violence through public discussion of family values, gender equality, the priorities of education for boys and girls, zero tolerance of domestic violence, opposition to early marriages and compulsory State registration of marriages. Booklets, brochures and other material on these...more
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) Strategy for Preventing Violence for 2015-2020, which covers gender-based violence; (b) Development Plan for Reducing Violence for Years 2010-2014;" (2). "(e) The perpetrators of domestic violence are rarely sentenced to imprisonment, and that preference is given to conciliation or pecuniary fines; (f) Incidents of domestic violence and women’s and children’s safety needs are frequently not taken into consideration by the courts when deciding on child custody, and child protection specialists lack training on and understanding...more
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The preventative procedure begins with the notice to the competent police officer. A police officer with specialist training in domestic violence must assess the risk of immediate threat of domestic violence immediately after receipt of notification. Assessment of risk of an immediate threat of violence includes in particular an assessment whether violence is likely to be repeated immediately, which takes into account the following facts: whether the alleged perpetrator had committed domestic violence earlier or immediately before the risk assessment and how likely he is to repeat it, whether he has threatened to commit homicide or suicide, whether he owns weapons, whether he suffers from mental disorders or abuses psychoactive...more
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence was pervasive and included physical, sexual, emotional, and verbal abuse, as well as harassment and stalking. The government prosecuted domestic violence cases under laws governing rape, indecent assault, damage to property, and violating a protection order. The law requires police to protect victims from domestic violence, but police commanders did not always hold officers accountable." (24).
June 14, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"But experts regard it as a form of abuse that could lead to psychological damage as well as physical injuries including infections, the inability to breastfeed, deformities and even breast cancer. Unlike FGM, there is no specific law against breast-ironing in the UK but if cases were reported to the police, they would be treated as child abuse" (para 18-19).
May 31, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"This year, 1.217 cases of child abuse were covered in the news but we are aware that the actual number is significantly higher. Children were abused in all areas they were present: in their dormitories, in schools by their teachers and by the school staff; and in their homes by their close relatives. In December, we saw in the media that 9 children were abused. Two sisters having been abused by their father attempted to suicide when they learned about the possibility of their father’s release from prison. Two sisters indicated that the state did not protect them and their statements of the prosecution and hospital reports were altered. In...more