The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence activists stated police did not effectively enforce the law. According to women’s rights NGOs, police were not always effective in protecting domestic violence victims to whom authorities had granted court protection orders" (para 55).
Feb. 14, 2019, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Although the government increased prosecution of child abusers, its efforts to address the causes of child abuse were inadequate" (36). "Domestic violence was a significant problem, and the government took measures to prevent it during the year" (36).
Feb. 12, 2019, 8:23 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Special Prosecutor’s office for crimes of violence against women and trafficking in persons has a pilot strategy for the prevention of trafficking in persons and gender violence among indigenous women, aimed at the prevention of human trafficking, the deconstruction of violence and the construction of a culture of non-violence in indigenous communities. The Strategy comprises four phases: (a) a workshop for the prevention of human trafficking; (b) a technical workshop for the prevention of human trafficking and violence against women; (c) systematization of the results of the prevention techniques workshop; and the production and distribution of publicity materials. To date, the first three phases have been implemented in the...more
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence against women, including spousal abuse, was prevalent. Most cases went unreported. Spousal abuse is a crime, but the law does not specifically prohibit domestic violence. Assault is punishable by prison terms of one to five years and fines of up to 500,000 CFA francs ($866) or, if premeditated, up to 10 years’ imprisonment. Police were reluctant to intervene in cases of domestic violence" (page 20). "Police and the social services department in the Ministry of Solidarity, Humanitarian Action, and the Reconstruction of the North investigated and intervened in some reported cases of child abuse or neglect, but the government provided few services for such children" (page 23).more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"A 2010 UN Population Fund assessment estimated there were high rates of domestic violence in the country. Despite a law that sets a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison for battery, some religious courts may legally require a battered wife to return to her home despite physical abuse. Foreign domestic workers, usually women, often were mistreated, abused, and in some cases raped or placed in slavery-like conditions (see section 7.c.). Some police, especially in rural areas, treated domestic violence as a social, rather than criminal, matter. The government provided legal assistance to domestic violence victims who could not afford it, and police response to complaints submitted by battered or...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence against women was widespread. The CGPU did not compile data on domestic violence. The LMPS included reports of domestic violence with assault data but did not break down the data by type of violence. Assault, domestic violence, and spousal abuse are criminal offenses, but authorities brought few cases to trial. The law does not mandate specific penalties, and judges have wide discretion in sentencing. Judges may authorize release of an offender with a warning, give a suspended sentence, or, depending on the severity of the assault, fine or imprison an offender" (Pg 17).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"Although outlawed, domestic violence remained a widespread problem. The maximum penalty for domestic violence is six months’ imprisonment, but the government did not enforce the law effectively and generally treated cases, if reported, as either simple or aggravated assault. During the year the Ministry of Gender, Children, and Social Protection (MOGCSP) organized workshops and seminars to combat domestic violence. Media made some efforts to publicize the problem, and several NGOs continued programs to treat abused women and girls and to increase public awareness of their rights. LNP officers received training on sexual offenses as part of their initial training" (Pg 15-16).
Feb. 4, 2019, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In the first seven months of the year, police registered 926 cases of domestic violence, 200 cases fewer than in the same period of 2014. According to police the decrease was due to better prevention and deterrence measures taken by law enforcement against the perpetrators. Of these cases authorities sent 560 to trial and dismissed 34. According to Promo-Lex, one in seven women in rural areas experienced at least one act of physical violence in her lifetime. Domestic violence investigations remained problematic when police officers themselves were the offenders. In such cases law enforcement officers tended to side with the offender, and the victim would need to appeal to the...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, it notes with concern: (a) The persistence of various forms of gender-based violence against women in public and private spaces and the low conviction rates compared with the high number of complaints received; (…) The absence of information on gender-based violence against women with disabilities and the means of redress and remedies available to victims; (f) The prevalence of gender-based violence against lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons in the State party." (5-6).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Judges typically fined those convicted but began sentencing offenders to jail to provide for the safety of the victim. Despite increased reports of domestic violence, individuals often withdrew complaints soon after filing due to spousal reconciliation or family pressure. In some cases the courts mediated domestic violence cases. Domestic violence was common, and thousands of women received treatment for injuries sustained in domestic altercations. On August 5, the Attorney General’s Office charged a woman for domestic violence against her spouse, which the media claimed was the first time the Attorney General’s Office had prosecuted such a case. The case was pending at year’s end" (page 21-22).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The elevated burden of proof on victims of domestic violence to establish an offence and seek a remedy; the limited legal capacity and weight attributed to women’s testimony in judicial proceedings; the mandatory application of mediation procedures that aim at reconciliation rather than prosecution of perpetrators in domestic violence cases; and the provision of legal representation only to the person accused but not to the victim of gender-based violence" (pg. 7). "The lack of confidentiality in reporting domestic violence, the lack of victim and witness protection and the lenient sentencing policy in cases of gender-based violence" (pg. 7).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned, however, at: 1)Reports of intimate partner violence, including femicide and crimes committed in the name of so-called honour; 2)The prevalence of sexual and domestic violence, as also noted by the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences (A/HRC/35/30/Add.1, paras. 29–32); 3) Psychological violence and abuse by husbands against their wives during divorce proceedings through the withholding of consent to divorce (also known as get abuse)" (pg. 8).
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Interior reported that all police officers undergo specialized training that focuses on the law on domestic violence, assistance to the victims, and other related issues"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In the first six months of the year, the Ministry of Interior received 321 reported cases of domestic violence, and police investigated 211 cases. During the same period, courts convicted 116 individuals of domestic violence, sentencing 39 of them to prison terms. The courts issued suspended sentences to 76 persons convicted and put one under house arrest"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The NGO White Circle of Safety reported that, in the first six months of the year, police removed 672 offenders (some of them women) from their homes"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides a penalty of two to 15 years in prison for violations. The government effectively enforced these provisions. Although experts still considered rape underreported, they noted an upward trend in the number of rape convictions. They attributed this trend to improved police training, public awareness campaigns, and greater interaction between police and NGOs. In the first six months of the year, authorities recorded 325 rapes and adjudicated 195 of them. Courts convicted 134 offenders, 75 of whom received prison sentences; the remainder received suspended sentences"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"According to the U.S. Department of State 2010 Country Reports, in the Czech Republic, domestic violence offenders may face up to three years in prison, with increased sentences for aggravated assaults"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Police conducted detailed educational programs for officers on the proper handling of domestic violence, including training focused on child abuse"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs noted, however, that police dismissed claims of domestic abuse by foreign women and children"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Between January and September, police responded to 424 domestic violence cases--285 against women, 99 against men, and 78 against children. Of those, 172 were investigated and 86 referred to court"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The court can issue a same-day restraining order against suspected or convicted domestic-violence offenders. Doctors, hospital workers, and education professionals are required to report all suspected cases of domestic violence to police. Many victims refused to testify in court, however, and by law, one spouse cannot be compelled to testify against the other. Courts were obliged to drop cases of domestic violence if the spousal victim was the only witness and refused to testify"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of violence against women, including domestic violence, in the State party, which remains underreported owing to the prevalence of discriminatory social and cultural norms and the denial by the State party of the existence of different types of violence. The Committee is also concerned at the absence of specific legislation on violence against women criminalizing all its forms, as well as of an effective complaint mechanism. It is also concerned that the existing legislation does not contain a specific definition of domestic violence as a criminal offence which covers both psychological and physical violence. The Committee is further concerned at the lack of...more
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned about the lack of effective access to justice for women and about the multiple factors that prevent them from effectively accessing justice, such as a general lack of awareness of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendations on the part of the judiciary and enforcement officers, the absence of free legal aid provided by the State and the stigmatization of women who bring their cases to court"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Police and prosecutors were generally responsive to crimes and accusations associated with domestic violence and rape. There were 21 indictments for rape during the year. Of 13 tried, nine resulted in convictions"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned by the following issues: Practice of dual arrests, whereby women who are victims of domestic violence are being arrested and occasionally sanctioned, along with alleged aggressors, for being verbally insulting or defending themselves"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence is now in the sphere of misdemeanour sanctions, for which a maximum penalty of 90 days imprisonment could be ordered, and there are also some issues with the protection orders"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:36 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"As for pre-trial detention, the prosecutor can request investigative detention if there is a reasonable suspicion that the suspect committed an offence and may impede criminal proceedings by influencing the witness, or if there is a danger he will repeat the offence, or if the detention is deemed necessary for the conduct of proceedings, due to the especially grave circumstances of an offence that carries a long-term prison sentence. Yet prosecutors still allow the release of dangerous aggressors, even where there are high risk indicators"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:36 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Although domestic violence cases can be prosecuted under criminal or misdemeanour laws, in practice prosecutors do not prosecute cases that fall under the LPDV, i.e. that view such cases as misdemeanours. Thus prosecutors will concentrate on cases where the perpetrator’s behaviour is a “high intensity, quality, and quantity violent form of behavior”, leaving the other violence cases under the misdemeanour offence to be handled by the police"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The complex nature of prosecution, which needs to differentiate clearly between misdemeanour and criminal charges, has resulted in the vast majority of cases of criminal domestic violence being pursued as misdemeanours to speed up the process. Additionally, the Special Rapporteur was made aware of inaction, insensitive attitudes and a failure to prioritize victims’ safety on the part of the prosecution. It is a common perception that prosecutors view the main purpose of custodial detention as preventing the perpetrator from influencing the victim’s testimony, rather than focusing on the safety concerns of victims"
Jan. 14, 2019, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Furthermore, the impact of the Maresti case has resulted in prohibiting prosecution and sentencing under both misdemeanour and criminal charges concurrently, as was often done before. This has led to a preference for the misdemeanour system for ease of speedy trials as well as to seek protective measures for the victim. The Special Rapporteur was informed that under the LPDV, the police may propose and seek any of the six protective measures, including three urgent protective measures: a restraining order; eviction; and a stalking and harassment order. The police also have the option of imposing and applying for precautionary measures for eight days under the Misdemeanour Law. However, although they...more