The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, law enforcement officers were reluctant to make arrests in cases of violence against women within the family, reportedly believing such violence was justified" (18).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"While the law imposes stronger sanctions for violent offenses committed against family members than for similar offenses committed against others, the courts prosecuted very few cases of domestic abuse. Many cases were resolved before or during trial when alleged victims dropped their charges or reconciled with the alleged abuser" (24).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence was reportedly commonplace, but such cases rarely were reported or brought to trial...Traditional authorities, families, or clergy more commonly addressed incidents of domestic violence" (para 105)
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"They point to the fact that a guilty verdict last week against a mother who trafficked her daughter to be married in Pakistan was the first of its kind in the country despite the large number of reported offences.Legal experts and campaigners say modern slavery legislation could lead to an increase in convictions for a crime that is notoriously hard to prosecute because victims are reluctant to testify against family members" (para. 5 - 6).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs complained of a delay of justice caused by judicial inaction and widespread impunity, especially regarding family and domestic violence and sexual abuse" (8). "The government failed to enforce the law effectively, however, leading to widespread impunity and increased violence" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, including domestic abuse, and the government enforced the law" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"However, while noting the explanation of the delegation that the condition of “habitual ill-treatment” applies only to psychological violence, the Committee is concerned that the application of this additional requirement for those acts to amount to a criminal offence constitutes a procedural barrier which prevents their prosecution. It is also concerned that the legislation does not contain a specific definition of domestic violence as a criminal offence which covers both psychological and physical violence" (4).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The government generally enforced the law, although the Oslo Crisis Center continued to criticize the conviction rate (approximately 10 percent in 2014) as too low" (10). This is inregards to laws surrounding domestic violence specifically (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"A local women’s support group noted that in smaller localities, perpetrators of abuse sometimes used personal relationships with local authorities to avoid prosecution. On other occasions, police told women who sought to file complaints to pay special fees before they would register the complaints" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities were reportedly ineffective at protecting refugees from sexual and gender-based violence. UNHCR worked with local authorities as well as camp residents in Nyarugusu to strengthen coordination and their ability to address problems of violence--including sexual violence--against minorities. UNHCR reported the most frequent crimes were domestic violence and abuse, physical aggression, sexual abuse, and intimidation within both family units and the broader refugee community. The government investigated, prosecuted, and punished perpetrators of abuses in the camp; local authorities handled most cases of refugees involved in crime and abuse outside the camp" (15). "Domestic violence against women remained widespread, and police rarely investigated such cases" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities prosecuted some domestic violence crimes, particularly cases where the perpetrator seriously injured the victim, under provisions for assault or violence against a person, where they could seek harsher penalties. Domestic violence frequently went unreported, however, and police often were reluctant to pursue reports of domestic violence" (36).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The NGO Coalition against Domestic Violence charged that police often hesitated to enforce domestic violence laws and asserted that rape and sexual abuse against women and children remained a serious and pervasive problem" (13).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In general the government did not enforce domestic abuse laws effectively, and domestic abuse against women, including spousal abuse, remained a problem" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Police generally were reluctant to intervene to prevent domestic violence or were not properly trained to handle such cases. Reportedly, police systematically sent battered women to the Public Ministry without receiving victims’ complaints in cases where extreme physical violence was not visible" (30).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the efforts made by the State party to build the capacity of the judiciary on gender equality, but is concerned: (a) That the frequent use of reconciliation and mediation for dispute resolution, including in cases of domestic violence and property disputes, favours men over women and hinders women’s access to justice and remedies; (b) That women’s access to legal aid remains low and, under the Legal Aid Law (2006), legal aid is not free of charge for women whose household income is above the poverty line, even if they lack access to household income and/or are survivors of domestic violence." (3-4). "[The Committee] is concerned about: ...the...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs and survivor advocates considered many of the legal provisions against domestic violence weak, and the government did not release arrest, prosecution, conviction, or punishment statistics. Officials acknowledged domestic violence as a significant social concern, and the media discussed it openly. While police and legal systems generally remained unequipped to deal with cases of domestic violence, the government, with the help of international and domestic NGOs, continued to train police, lawyers, and legal system officials in the law" (39).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Although domestic violence is punishable by a fine and a maximum prison sentence of 10 years, authorities generally considered it a private matter, so prosecution was rare...There were newspaper reports of wife killings and a few other media reports of prosecutions and convictions for such crimes...the form required to report domestic violence was difficult to complete, and victims were often required to make their own photocopies due to police budgetary constraints. The law requires victims of any form of violence to produce a police report to receive treatment without cost at government health facilities. This requirement prevented many rape victims from receiving necessary medical treatment, including postexposure prophylaxis to prevent...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities apprehended and prosecuted abusers in most cases of domestic violence" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The government prosecuted domestic violence cases under laws governing rape, indecent assault, damage to property, and violating a protection order" (31).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Police made efforts to charge offenders for domestic violence and assault against women. In cases of reported domestic abuse, victims often dropped charges before a court appearance, or cases were settled out of court. In cases in which charges were filed, the time between the charging of an individual and the subsequent court hearing could be as long as two years. The magistrates’ courts dealt with physical abuse of women as with any other assault, but prosecutions were rare due to low judicial and police capacity and to cultural bias against women" (10). "The government did not provide sufficient resources to enforce laws designed to protect children from sexual abuse,...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In the past police treated domestic violence as a private family matter rather than a criminal matter. There was police and judicial reluctance to act" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Many domestic abuse cases went unreported, and NGOs stated that the majority of reported cases did not result in formal charges due to fear of retaliation. The protections offered were limited because of legal delays and ambiguities in the law" (17). "Nonetheless, NGOs and the Ombudsman’s Office asserted that police officers often reacted indifferently to charges of domestic violence, despite legal requirements to investigate such complaints" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Village and district courts often hesitated to interfere directly in domestic matters. Village courts regularly ordered payment of compensation to an abused spouse’s family in cases of domestic abuse rather than issuing an order to detain and potentially charge the alleged offender" (6). "The law criminalizes intimate-partner violence, but it nonetheless persisted throughout the country and was generally committed with impunity...Implementation of the law remained incomplete" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Reports from women’s rights defenders suggested that the majority of incidents of domestic violence against women were unreported. According to the NGO INSEC, although police conducted training on enforcement of the Domestic Violence Act, most reported incidents were resolved through mediation and repeat violations after reconciliation by the same perpetrators were not uncommon. Nonetheless, the Women’s Rehabilitation Center (WOREC) stated that domestic violence cases were increasingly handled by women and children service centers (commonly known as women’s cells of the Nepal Police and that in these instances the police were more responsive and treated the victims well" (27).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Police were slow to act in domestic violence cases, and the government generally did not enforce the law...Police selectively investigated cases; among the minority brought to trial, successful prosecutions were rare" (26). "According to NGOs the courts rarely prosecuted perpetrators of low-level misdemeanors. Police generally treated domestic violence as a social rather than a criminal matter" (27).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Police regularly investigated cases of rape and sexual assault but did not normally intervene in domestic disputes" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law grants exemption from penal liabilities in cases of physical violence without serious injury or physical damage" (19). This is very concerning, since it allows for judges to interprete the severity of the crime as they see fit, potentially lessening or downplaying the actual harm experienced by the victim, particularly if abuse was more mental/emotional than physical (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Security forces largely did not respond to violence between family members or against domestic workers, especially if the victims were nonnationals" (5). "Police officials rarely arrested perpetrators of domestic violence even when presented with documented evidence of the abuse, such as eyewitness accounts, hospital reports, and social worker testimony, and treated such reports as social instead of criminal matters. Individuals also reportedly bribed some police officials to ignore assault charges in cases of domestic abuse. Husbands convicted of spousal abuse in previous years rarely faced severe penalties. Noncitizen women married to citizens reported domestic abuse and inaction or discrimination by police during past years, but no data were available for...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The nongovernmental organization (NGO) Woman Inc. reported that women frequently complained that police failed to treat domestic violence as a crime and take the necessary reports...NGOs reported the criminal justice system failed to hold perpetrators of violence against women and children accountable with the necessary urgency and seriousness" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported police often treated domestic violence as a social rather than criminal matter" (37).