The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-PRACTICE-1

Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Statistics were unavailable on prosecutions, convictions, and punishments for cases filed by the PNP… NGOs noted that, in smaller localities, perpetrators of abuse sometimes used personal relationships with local authorities to avoid prosecution... The PNP and the Department of Social Welfare both maintained help desks to assist survivors of violence against women and encourage reporting. With the assistance of NGOs, the CHR, and the Philippine Commission on Women, law enforcement officers continued to receive gender sensitivity training to deal with victims of sexual crimes and domestic violence. The PNP maintained a women and children’s unit with 1,918 desks throughout the country to deal with abuse cases... 4,576 officers were assigned...more
Sept. 13, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"When it comes to protecting mothers and children from a violent father, the current Danish legislation is lacking, according to a new report from the Council of Europe. The report, compiled by Grevio (Group of Experts on Action against Violence against Women and Domestic Violence) - under the umbrella of the Council of Europe - contends that Denmark is at odds with the 2011 Istanbul Convention regarding the protection of victims of domestic violence. 'Grevio says that, in cases of domestic violence, it does not carry out proper risk assessments before deciding on shared custody of children. Although the courts make the final decisions, GREVIO points out that lengthy proceedings...more
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"A lack of specificity in the child protection code was an obstacle to successful prosecution" (25).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law does not provide any specific penalty for domestic violence despite its prevalence. Although the law considers assault a crime, police rarely intervened in perceived domestic disputes. There were no reports of judicial authorities taking action in cases of domestic or spousal abuse" (page 40).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros

"Courts rarely sentenced or fined convicted perpetrators. No reliable data were available on the extent of the problem. Women rarely filed official complaints. Although officials took action (usually the arrest of the spouse) when reported, domestic violence cases rarely entered the court system" (page 9).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Complainants claiming human rights violations generally sought assistance from the HRC or the NSHR, which either advocated on their behalf or provided courts with opinions on their cases. The HRC generally responded to complaints and could refer cases to the PPO; domestic violence cases were the most common" (20). Domestic violence typically implies a female victim (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "Officials stated that the government did not clearly define domestic violence and procedures concerning cases, including thresholds for investigation or prosecution, and thus enforcement varied from one government body to another. Some women’s rights advocates were critical of investigations of domestic violence, claiming investigators were hesitant to enter a home without permission...more
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Unless specifically called upon by the DOVVSU, police seldom intervened in cases of domestic violence, in part due to a lack of counseling skills, shelter facilities, and other resources to assist victims. In cases where police identified and arrested suspects for rape or domestic abuse, few of the cases reached court or resulted in conviction due to witness unavailability, inadequate resources and training on investigatory techniques and police prosecutor case management, and, according to DOVVSU, lack of resources on the part of victims and their families to pursue cases" (p. 15).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2, DV-DATA-1

"Although the law prohibits violence against women, domestic violence was widespread. Police rarely intervened, and women had limited legal recourse" (page 16).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"d) Strategic programme for legal and judicial reforms for the period 2012-2016, in 2012, which encompasses reforms that introduce in legislation various forms of domestic violence and practical mechanisms for responding to and preventing such violence" (2). "The Committee notes the elaboration of a draft law in 2012 on domestic violence, as well as the establishment of an interministerial working group in 2016 to develop a new draft on various forms of gender-based violence against women in the domestic sphere. (...) Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned about: (a) The delay in the adoption of a comprehensive law on the prevention and prohibition of gender-based violence against women and the prosecution...more
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit domestic violence, and violence against women was extensive and generally went unpunished. Victims did not report the vast majority of domestic violence and sexual assault cases. Security forces consistently treated violence against women as a social rather than a criminal matter. Observers reported that when some abused women tried to file a police report, police did not investigate their reports thoroughly, if at all, and that in other cases police officers responded by abusing the women, including by sexual harassment, verbal abuse, hair pulling, and slapping" (Pg 44-45).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"It remains concerned, however, that gender-based violence against women and girls, including sexual and domestic violence, appears to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity and that victims have limited means of assistance, protection or redress" (7).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Courts regularly issued restraining orders to protect victims, but human rights organizations reported that police rarely enforced them effectively. A women’s rights NGO alleged that capacity constraints as a result of the government’s response to the failed coup in 2016 kept some authorities “too busy” to address complaints of violence against women. Women’s associations also charged that government counselors sometimes encouraged women to remain in abusive marriages at their own personal risk rather than break up families" (page 50).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal

"Domestic violence against women and girls remained a serious problem. Violence against women and girls, including early and forced marriage, was believed to be one of the major factors responsible for women’s relative poor health, livelihood insecurity, and inadequate social mobilization. Additionally, the practice of early and forced marriage, which remained prevalent, limited girls’ access to education and increased their susceptibility to domestic violence and sexual abuse. The 2009 Domestic Violence (Crime and Punishment) Act allows for settling complaints of domestic violence through mediation with an emphasis on reconciliation. Authorities usually pursued prosecution under the act only when mediation failed. The Nepal Police had women’s cells staffed by female officers...more
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia

"The law prohibits rape, domestic abuse, and other forms of violence against women. A 2016 government survey found that one-third of women between the ages of 15 and 64 had experienced violence. Violence against women previously had been poorly documented and significantly underreported by the government. Domestic violence was the most common form of violence against women" (Pg 26).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary

"The criminal code includes 'violence within partnership' (domestic violence) as a separate category of offense. Regulations extend prison sentences for assault (light bodily harm) to three years, while grievous bodily harm, violation of personal freedom, or coercion may be punishable by one to five years in prison, if committed against domestic persons. By law police called to a scene of domestic violence may issue an emergency restraining order valid for three days in lieu of immediately filing charges, while courts may issue up to 60-day 'preventive restraining orders' in civil cases, without the option to extend. Women’s rights NGOs continued to criticize the law for not placing sufficient emphasis on...more
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"Although the law does not specifically mention spousal abuse, it prohibits violence against any person and provides for penalties of up to 10 years in prison. Domestic violence against women was common, although there are laws and instrument prohibiting violence against women. The government took no known action to punish perpetrators" (Pg 18).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs expressed concern the law’s family unity approach puts undue pressure on a victim to compromise without addressing safety issues and led to a low conviction rate. Authorities prosecuted some domestic violence crimes under provisions for assault or violence against a person, where they could seek harsher penalties. Women’s rights groups reported domestic violence frequently went unreported, however, and police often were reluctant to pursue reports of domestic violence" (page 28-29). "The law provides for the protection of children from abuse, and laws on rape and abandonment carry harsher penalties if the victim is a child. The law provides for protection of witnesses, victims, and offenders younger than 18 in...more
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities generally enforced the law when cases of child abuse or mistreatment came to their attention and imposed criminal penalties in serious cases" (p. 14).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Only the most egregious forms of sexual and physical abuse of children were reported to police, as family violence is viewed as a domestic matter" (p. 19).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The government, with financial support from international NGOs and the United Nations, continued civic awareness training throughout the country on domestic and gender-based violence and on the role of police assistance. Those trained included police, local administrators, and grassroots community organizers" (p. 349.
July 12, 2019, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Somali Government has a legal obligation to protect, enforce, and promote women’s rights and gender equality. However, the Somali Government perpetuates gender inequality by failing to develop, implement, and enforce policies that prevent violence against women, forced marriages, and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)" (8).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Primary prevention is one of the main pillars of NAPVAW II and targets the promotion of gender equality and non-violent relationships, and addresses harmful norms against women and girls. NAPVAW II includes specific interventions to 1) enhance knowledge and skills of children, youth and adolescents to promote and build gender-equitable, non-violent relationships, and to improve their attitudes, behaviors, and practices on human rights (including sexual rights, gender equality and sexuality), 2) enhance positive parenting knowledge, understanding and skills among parents and couples to build safe, gender equitable and non-violent families and environments, 3) change social environments and norms by strengthening gender equality in the community and workplace to promote cooperation...more
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Gender-based violence against women and girls, including domestic violence… continues to take place in the State party" (5).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence is punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment. While the law provides women the right to obtain a restraining order against abusers, the government did not enforce the law effectively. The Council against Family Violence reported that 19 women were killed in family violence through July" (page 22). "The Ministry of Justice reported that from June 1 until October 31, there were 17,000 cases of domestic violence reported, and courts issued 6,000 rulings to extend emergency measures, including removing the perpetrators of violence from family homes. Women’s groups said there were clear flaws in how institutions interpreted and implemented the law. Since the entry into force of the...more
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Anti-Gender-based Violence Act of 2010 criminalizes spousal rape, and the penal code criminalizes domestic violence between spouses and among family members living in one home. The law provides for prosecution of most GBV crimes, and penalties for conviction of assault range from a fine to 25 years in prison, depending on the severity of injury and whether a weapon was used during the assault. The law requires medical reports prepared by certified practitioners for the prosecution of cases of violence against women (and also against men), but there were few certified practitioners in rural areas. The law provides for protection orders for victims of domestic and gender violence, and...more
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Amendments to Act No. 217/2003 on preventing and combating family violence, in 2013, 2015 and 2016" (1). "Establishment of the Interministerial Committee for Preventing and Combating Domestic Violence, in 2016" (2). "The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the following: (f) Development of a national strategy to prevent and combat domestic violence and the related national action plans for the period 2013-2017, in 2012" (2). "The limited scope of existing legislation on gender-based violence against women and on protection orders, as well as of the strategy to address...more
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit domestic violence, which remained common. While the law punishes physical assault, police often discouraged women from making complaints against abusive partners, and officials rarely removed abusers from their homes or took them into custody. Society considered the physical abuse of women to be a personal rather than criminal matter. Human rights contacts, however, reported greater willingness by local police and officials to address reports of domestic violence, including in Jizzakh Province and in the traditionally conservative Fergana Valley. Family members or elders usually handled such cases, and they rarely came to court. Local authorities emphasized reconciling husband and wife, rather than addressing the abuse"...more
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"According to the 2011 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), the most recent government report on maternal mortality, at least 27 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 experienced some form of domestic violence during the year prior to the survey. The same survey showed at least 56 percent of married women reported having experienced some form of domestic violence during their marital life. According to a representative from the UPF’s child and family protection unit, victims often did not report domestic violence because society generally did not consider it a crime and police officers often did not consider it a serious offense" (Pg 26).more
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Act No. 1/13 of 22 September 2016, on the protection of victims and the prevention and punishment of sexual and gender-based violence" (2). "The Committee is also concerned about reports of the lack of judicial independence resulting in impunity for perpetrators of acts of discrimination against women, including sexual and gender-based violence. It notes that, in practice, the justice system remains inaccessible to most women, owing to barriers such as a lack of knowledge about their rights and the limited availability of legal aid" (4). "Gender-based violence against women remains highly prevalent in the State party and that domestic violence is tolerated, owing to deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes (CEDAW/C/BDI/CO/4, para. 23)"...more
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence that causes lasting injuries is punishable with a prison sentence of 10 to 20 years. If an act of domestic violence causes death, the law prescribes life imprisonment. Nevertheless, the government did not enforce the law, particularly when violence occurred within the family. Police usually did not intervene in domestic disputes. Several women’s groups and the Committee to Combat Violence against Women and Children (CLVF) reported a rise in violence against women. NGOs, including the CLVF, criticized the failure of some judges to apply domestic violence laws, citing cases in which judges claimed lack of adequate evidence as a reason to issue lenient sentences . . . The...more