The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-PRACTICE-2

Jan. 8, 2021, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

“I went to the Taliban,” Zarghona said. “I asked them: ‘Is this the Islam we are following? My daughter’s nose chopped off? But you are doing nothing about it. I want justice. They got really angry, and now they are searching for the boy,” she said. “I hope they find him before the police do’” (para. 10-11)
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"In the aftermath of Irma and Maria, storms fueled by the climate crisis, many victims of intimate partner violence were left without support during a period of extreme stress. Emergency help lines were down, three of the island’s eight domestic violence shelters closed, and people were stranded without cellphone service or vehicles. Even when women were able to reach the police, in some cases officers refused to take reports; abuse survivors were reportedly told that they were busy attending to the emergency at hand" (para 21).
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"In the aftermath of Irma and Maria, storms fueled by the climate crisis, many victims of intimate partner violence were left without support during a period of extreme stress. Emergency help lines were down, three of the island’s eight domestic violence shelters closed, and people were stranded without cellphone service or vehicles. Even when women were able to reach the police, in some cases officers refused to take reports; abuse survivors were reportedly told that they were busy attending to the emergency at hand" (para 21).
Dec. 31, 2020, 1:39 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"'They said there was going to be domestic violence, and there wasn’t,' he said at a recent news conference, contradicting his own government’s statistics. 'He is the first president to outright deny that the violence is happening,' said Wendy Figueroa, the head of the National Network of Shelters, a group that oversees domestic violence shelters across the country. This week, his administration was widely ridiculed after previewing a publicity campaign that urged would-be abusers to 'not lose patience' and 'breathe and count to 10'— messages that critics said had no chance of persuading men not to attack their wives or children. One of the government videos depicted angry family members...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Even though it’s so common — more than half of all adults in my generation of Indians have experienced some form of child sexual abuse — few survivors discuss their experiences, because of the Indian family’s insistence on silence. That silence transferred the shame of the abuser’s act onto the child and onto the family; it is powerful and crippling, and it actively enables abuse. The silence around marital rape is strengthened when the Indian social and legal system refuses even to acknowledge that it exists; for an abuser, and for a rapist, these silences are enabling" (para 28).
Dec. 21, 2020, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1

"In Rwanda, a key sociocultural factor that plays a role in inhibiting women’s reporting of IPV or likelihood to leave a violent relationship is that women have a wide-reaching acceptance of violence against women (Rani, Bonu, & Diop-Sidibe,2004 ). In a recent national survey, relatively high proportions of women in Rwanda agreed that wife beatingis acceptable in particular situations, for example, if she burns the food (19%), neglects the children (44%), goes out without telling him (36%), or refuses to have sexual intercourse with him (37%; National Institute of Statistics Rwanda, 2012). Rwanda can therefore be understood as a constrained social context where IPV is a socially accepted part of...more
Dec. 21, 2020, 9:47 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence is widespread in Nicaragua. According to police figures, 34.5 percent of all crimes reported last year involved domestic violence. Women can endure physical and psychological abuse for years behind closed doors before filing a case against their aggressors, which women often only do as a last resort when they believe their lives are in danger. 'Women do not turn to the state because they want to do more talking. They turn to the state when they want protection. They don’t do that unless they are really desperate,' Major said. Last month, lawmakers in Nicaragua voted by a huge majority to allow mediation in some cases involving violence against...more
Dec. 21, 2020, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"Patriarchy in Thailand has a long history. The Three Sealed Laws allowed men to absolutely control and own their wives and daughters, even to sell them. Women were regarded as property. The old saying, 'Woman is a buffalo while Man is a human' reflects this attitude which still persists today. Thai Tradition believes that a woman should stay and work at home, while a man should work outside. Domestic violence is an affair that falls into the private sphere. If an abused wife tells the public or reports to the police station, the community will mark her as a bad and unfaithful wife."
Dec. 17, 2020, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence and sexual violence are highly prevalent in Tanzania. Customs and traditional practices condone the harassment and abuse of women and a culture of impunity prevails. Cases of violence are underreported and those that are reported are often settled out of court. Existing laws do not adequately protect women from violence. The Penal Code does not contain a specific provision on domestic violence and does not criminalise marital rape. In 2001, the Tanzanian government adopted a National Plan of Action to Combat Violence Against Women and Children (2001 – 2015), but the effective implementation of this plan has been hindered by inadequate funding and the lack of a comprehensive...more
Dec. 17, 2020, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1

"In a country like Tajikistan, where customs and traditions are extremely important, battered women do not speak out and prefer to conceal the truth fearing criticism from neighbors and family. In the meantime, human rights experts say that for around 90% of Tajik families domestic violence is an issue" (1).
Dec. 17, 2020, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1

"With the passing of the Domestic Violence Prevention Act, the government and the people began to promote the notion that 'domestic violence is not only a family matter but a criminal behavior.' Domestic violence has moved from the private sphere to the public sphere where it has always belonged. The new notion not only breaks from traditional societal values but also clashes with the patriarchal attitudes of some law enforcement officials, allowing abused women and children to hold the hope of escaping from violence. Moreover, local women’s groups not only dedicate themselves to direct services and indirect promotional work, they also collaborate to speak for abused women and children, while...more
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

“While the passing of the Bill in the Commons (it will now go to a reading in the House of Lords) has been broadly welcomed, campaigners have criticised the Bill for omissions, including protection for migrant women. They say it will lead to the continuation of a situation which discourages migrant women from leaving or reporting abusers” (para 7). “Gisela Valle, director of the Latin American Women's Rights Service, told the BBC that the Bill had no provision for ‘safe reporting mechanisms’, meaning migrant women who reported abuse to police could be questioned about their immigration status and even detained” (para 8). “And it makes it a statutory requirement for...more
Dec. 3, 2020, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

“Family Protection Act, in 2008, criminaliz[es]…domestic violence and provid[es]…for protection orders specific to family violence” (2).
Dec. 1, 2020, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"One old proverb, particularly popular with politicians of the Rajapakse Regime (2005- 2015), is gedara sandu batha idenka vitharai, which translates as ‘violence in the home is only until the rice is cooked’, and which constructs domestic violence as a momentary disruption in an otherwise calm and peaceful household" (para 7).
Dec. 1, 2020, 11:18 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"A Sinhala [proverb] suggests that ‘there are three things you can beat: the dog, the drum and the woman’" (para 12).
Dec. 1, 2020, 10:51 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"44 percent of female victims believe that the abuse they suffer at the hands of their partner is not sufficiently serious enough to warrant a police complaint, according to Isabel Lozano, the councilor for equality at in Valencia, a city where 1,294 women are living under protection orders. Meanwhile some 21 percent of victims don’t make a police complaint because they 'feel ashamed'" (para 5-6).
Dec. 1, 2020, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Social violence has become a growing issue as well as domestic violence between married couples. The slow reaction to this issue is due to the cultural norms of Korea but the government has felt the pressure to fix violence in the home thanks to international support" (para 26).
Dec. 1, 2020, 9:42 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1

"The traditional values prevailing in all sections of South African society reinforce the attitude that 'wife-beating' is a private affair, and to complain to the police is therefore to exhibit disloyalty and invite ostracism. One woman who spoke at a focus group organized by the Women's National Coalition had internalized societal views to such an extent that she saw herself as a child, who should therefore be subject to physical punishment: 'a man should beat you up if you deserve it'. Battered women often want only the abuse to end, not the relationship, and are therefore reluctant to have recourse to official channels of redress, which often increase the likelihood...more
Nov. 30, 2020, 11:28 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"There is a culturally-rooted reluctance to acknowledge gender-based violence. Fear of reprisals from perpetrators and their families, shame, trauma and cultural taboos all prevent women from discussing their experience of violence, particularly sexual assault... Some cultural traditions require a married victim to pay 'compensation' to her husband’s family because of the shame brought on the family" (17).
Nov. 30, 2020, 11:21 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"In the Solomon Islands, women are generally regarded as having a lower social status than men and there are gender inequalities in many areas of life. Women are expected to be obedient, faithful, perform household chores, defer to their husband on decision making and bear children. Physical punishment is often used to discipline women who are seen as stepping outside their prescribed gender role... Men gave the following reasons for intimate partner violence: alcohol, gender inequality, justified as discipline, bride price. Male perpetrators most often become angry with their wives for not conforming to traditional gender roles e.g. not preparing food on time or completing housework, refusing sex, being disobedient...more
Nov. 24, 2020, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

“Olabisi Claudius Cole, head of the Rainbo Initiative that provides free medical and psycho-social services for survivors of gender-based violence, called the president's declaration a landmark in tackling such violence in Sierra Leone” (para 11).
Nov. 16, 2020, 4:33 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1

WAO has produced a 45 page Report on 'Battered Women in Malaysia: Prevalence, Problems and Public Attitudes', 1995 (available from the WAO office). This report is based on a national research study of Malaysia conducted by WAO between 1990 and 1992. Until then, no national studies on battered women existed in Malaysia. From this national survey, it was estimated that in 1989, 1.8 million or 36% of women over the age 15 were beaten by their husbands or boyfriends. Only 909 women actually reported violence to the police. Many battered women have told WAO their stories of seeking assistance and how they were not listened to, were advised to be...more
Nov. 16, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1

"Recent studies from the Domestic Violence Act states 39% of Malaysian women estimated to have been abused by their partners, domestic violence is a significant, but often a hidden social problem. The ‘invisibility’ of the problem is largely attributed to the sensitivity of the issues surrounding the problem, especially the traditional belief in the sanctity and privacy of the family and the intimacy of marital relationships" (para 8).
Nov. 13, 2020, 4:28 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"According to Freedom House, domestic violence is a 'taboo issue' in Libya and speaking about incidents of domestic violence is considered 'shameful' and brings dishonour on the victim and her family (Freedom House 2010, 13). The same source notes that many victims do not make complaints of domestic violence due to 'social stigma' and fear that they will be rejected by their husband and extended family (ibid.)" (1).
Nov. 13, 2020, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Sources indicate that domestic violence is regarded as a "private" issue (OSF 6 May 2011; The Daily Star 7 Dec. 2009) and that social custom forbids speaking about it (ibid.; BBC 3 Dec. 2009). LECORVAW also says that domestic violence is considered an "internal family affair" and is "dealt with on an individual basis" (n.d.b). Because it is deemed a 'family matter,' victims 'rarely' seek adequate legal or other protection (UN 2 Sept. 2010). The United States (US) Department of State also points out that women 'sometimes' stayed in abusive marriages because of social, economic, and family pressures (8 Apr. 2011, 25). The Jordan Times explains that divorce is thought...more
Nov. 13, 2020, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"If the parents-in-law ignore the violence of their son against his wife, the victim's option of escaping from or taking action against the violence are very limited" (55).
Nov. 13, 2020, 2:49 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-DATA-1

"The 2003 Law on Social-Legal Protection from Domestic Violence is designed to prevent, rather than penalise, such violence. Spousal rape, however, is punishable under Kyrgyz legislation. Recent statistics show an increase in violent acts against women: the network of crisis centres providing emergency assistance to the victims of domestic violence dealt with twice as many cases in 2005 as in 2004. Yet psychological pressure, cultural traditions and the behaviour of authorities responsible for applying the legislation discourage women from filing complaints" (75).
Nov. 12, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

" In the case of domestic and sexual violence, women are socialized to feel excruciating personal shame for the criminal acts that men commit, for the sake of protecting male relative’s family honor. Without access to economic independence, these norms become almost impossible to eradicate and continue to define the lives of many Kosovar women... A survey conducted in 2015 by the Kosovo Statistic Agency (ASK) and UNICEF indicates that almost half of the women in Kosovo justify male violence against them, with 42 percent accepting the violence only under certain conditions, such as failing to consult the husband on family decisions and not properly caring for the husband and...more
Nov. 12, 2020, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The government has in the past provided funding for additional shelters, but budgetary constraints and unclear lines of bureaucratic authority undercut their ability to function reliably. While social attitudes may be changing, especially in the cities, many Kazakhs retain traditional attitudes that both downplay the impact of domestic violence and stigmatize its victims. In such a situation, many abused Kazakh women feel they have no alternative but to respond to domestic abuse with violent acts of their own. As a result, the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women reports that perhaps 68% of female inmates in Kazakh prisons are imprisoned on charges stemming from domestic violence."
Nov. 10, 2020, 9:07 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-DATA-1

"There are no available statistics on the prevalence of domestic violence in Jamaica but by all accounts it is a serious and widespread problem. Several reports note high rates of domestic and sexual violence and suggest that incidents of domestic violence are underreported due to the prevalence of social and cultural norms, including stigma, and fear of retribution or further violence. It has been reported that many women fail to seek help due to fear, ignorance of the law and embarrassment, and that many women only seek help after their circumstances have become particularly severe. Other reports have suggested that the length of time taken to investigate and prosecute cases...more