The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-1

Oct. 12, 2018, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"On 27th of February, the Lower House’s Labour Committee submitted several amendments on the draft Labour Law to the Parliament to make it more gender sensitive. They included the introduction of new laws that criminalize gender-based wage discrimination" (para 10).
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The persistently wide and increasing gender pay gap in all sectors, the continued occupational segregation in the labour market and women’s concentration in low-paid jobs in the formal and informal sectors" (Pg 13).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law requires employers to pay women equal wages for equivalent work, but employers often classified women’s jobs as less demanding than those of men to justify women’s lower salaries (see section 7.d)" (para 109). "Employers discriminated against women. According to a 2013 study by the National Institute for Women, employers paid women 16 percent less on average than men for comparable work" (para 162)
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:11 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Based on data for November 2015: 1) The average weekly ordinary time earnings of women working full-time were $1,325.10 per week, compared to men who earned an average weekly wage of $1,602.80 per week, making women’s average earnings $277.70 per week less than men. 2) There has been a slight decrease (-1.2 pp) in the gender pay gap since November 2014 (18.5%). Since November 1994, the gender pay gap has increased by over one percentage point (+1.1 pp). 3) Over this 20 year period the gender pay gap was lowest in November 2004, at 14.9% (Figure 1). While a number of factors contribute to changes in the gender pay gap,...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women experienced economic discrimination in access to similar work as men and generally did not receive equal pay for equal work (see section 7.d.)" (para 253)
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women occupied few influential positions in the private sector, and there were differences between the salaries of women and men in most sectors of the economy. According to Eurostat the salary gap between men and women was 9.7 percent in 2012" (40).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to the 2013 Gender Gap Report, women earned 43 percent less than men for equal work" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"...the Committee remains concerned at the low female participation in the labour market – especially with regard to migrant and indigenous women, the persistent wage gap between women and men and the failure of the State party to incorporate the principle of equal pay for work of equal value into Act No. 20.348 (2009) on the right to equal remuneration, in conformity with ILO standards" (8). "While noting with satisfaction the positive impact of the 2008 pension reform on women, the Committee is concerned about the discriminatory calculation system of the pension fund, which, by using life expectancy tables disaggregated by sex, results in a different monthly pension at the...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"These figures show that nearly half of insured women do not have access to direct insurance, which reflects a sexual division of labour that limits their participation in paid occupations, and gives them greater responsibility in the reproductive domain. This exposes women to a lack of protection if the link with the directly insured person is broken, and puts her economic future at risk by being unable to contribute to a pension fund" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women continued to express concern regarding unequal treatment in the workforce. Women’s average monthly wage was approximately 70 percent of that of men" (25-26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women continued to express concern regarding unequal treatment in the workforce. Women’s average monthly wage was approximately 70 percent of that of men" (25-26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides that women and men engaged in the same activity shall receive equal wages for work of equal value. In 2014 women earned on average 13.6 percent less than men on a monthly basis, according to the Statistics Bureau. The government attributed this to differences in the professions chosen by women and men and the predominance of women in part-time or public sector work. The ombudsman for equality and antidiscrimination expressed concern that many women were in part-time positions involuntarily because of a tendency in certain industries, such as health and services, to divide work into a large number of parttime positions with no meaningful opportunity for full-time...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women experienced discrimination in employment and pay" (23). "Genderbased discrimination in terms of wages and legal protections in employment occurred frequently" (34).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-1

"Government regulations require employers to pay equal wages and benefits for equal work, regardless of gender. Nonetheless, women received lower pay for equal work in many sectors of the economy. Employers did not allow women to work in all industries available to men, and women tended to be concentrated in lower-paying jobs" (54).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"While equal pay for men and women in public service was the rule rather than the exception, both the government and NGOs noted considerable disparities in pay between men and women in the private and informal sectors, particularly in agriculture" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women who worked in the private sector regularly did not receive equal benefits and reportedly faced discrimination in promotions and equality of wages" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women received lower salaries than men" (40). "Industries dominated by women workers had the lowest relative wages. Women received lower salaries than men did due to limited opportunities for advancement and the types of industries that employed them. According to the Ombudsman’s Office, men earned on average of 29.5 percent more than women earned" (54).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"A study by the Chartered Management Institute (CMI) found that Britain’s gender pay gap is widest at the top of the corporate ladder, where female directors earn one-tenth less on average than their male counterparts. Further down the pay scale, the gaps were smaller. Among 'professional level' employees, the gender pay gap was between 2 and 3.5 percent. This finding was similar to the Office for National Statistics’ annual estimate of the average gender pay gap, which was a record low of 19.1 percent in 2014, down from 27.5 percent in 1997. Both the ONS and the CMI data suggested the pay gap was far smaller among younger workers. Women...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women experienced discrimination in access to employment, credit, and pay equity for substantially similar work" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to the Ministry of Labor and the Confederation of Workers, regulations protecting women’s labor rights were enforced in the formal sector, although according to the World Economic Forum, women earned 36 percent less on average than men doing comparable jobs" (31).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"[The Committee] is concerned about: ...The persistent gender wage gap" (8).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Other human rights problems included...disparities in pay and unemployment rates for women…" (1). "A significant difference existed between men and women in pay and professional promotions, and women were heavily underrepresented in top-level management positions, particularly in private industry...The law entitles women and men to equal pay for equal work, but this was not effectively enforced. In 2012 the median monthly income for women in the private sector was 5,317 Swiss francs ($5,300), while men earned 6,553 Swiss francs ($6,600). The difference in pay between men and women was 15.2 percent for nonexecutive positions, while the difference for executive positions was 26.5 percent. Women received salaries that were on average...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women’s salaries averaged approximately 88 percent of those of men" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women experienced economic discrimination in wages (see section 7.d.), extension of credit, and ownership of land" (33).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although the law requires equal pay for equal work for men and women, the government did not implement those provisions, in particular in many state industries" (44).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Relative gender gaps in education and income remained high" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The National Statistics Office reported in August that the average monthly salary for women was roughly 88 percent of that of men" (28).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"While there was little discrimination in access to employment and credit, women often did not receive equal pay for substantially similar work" (28).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to a 2014 report by the European Commission, employers paid women 8.6 percent less on average than men for comparable work" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law requires equal pay for equal work, but women often earned less than their male counterparts (see section 7.d.)" (14). "According to the Department of Statistics, the pay gap between men and women in 2014 was 13.7 percent, compared with 12.5 percent in 2012" (21).