The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-1

Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Article 10 of the Labor Code establishes the basic obligation of the employer to ensure equal pay for work of equal value. Article 128 of the Labor Code provides that at the establishment of the size and payment of wages are not admitted any discrimination on the basis of gender, age, disability, social origin, marital status, ethnic origin, race or nationality, political views or religious beliefs, trade-union membership or participation in trade-union activity" (Pg 29).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, about...The persistent gender wage gap in both the public and the private sectors" (12).
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The persistent gender wage gap in both the public and private sectors, which adversely affects the career development of and pension benefits for women" (13).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Female Palestinian workers in the settlements suffer from an additional layer of discrimination based on gender. They get paid only half the daily wages that men get, which are well below the minimum wage in Israel to begin with. The work longer hours than the male workers in the services and agricultural sectors, without the additional hours being taken into account" (49).
Feb. 7, 2018, noon
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"...the Committee remains concerned at the low female participation in the labour market – especially with regard to migrant and indigenous women, the persistent wage gap between women and men and the failure of the State party to incorporate the principle of equal pay for work of equal value into Act No. 20.348 (2009) on the right to equal remuneration, in conformity with ILO standards" (8). "While noting with satisfaction the positive impact of the 2008 pension reform on women, the Committee is concerned about the discriminatory calculation system of the pension fund, which, by using life expectancy tables disaggregated by sex, results in a different monthly pension at the ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The courses that focus particularly on gender discrimination are those that deal with pay surveys. The purpose of the courses is for participants to learn what the law says about gender equal pay and how they can go about doing a pay survey. In practice discrimination against women is one of the aspects given most space . . . Discussions with the social partners include gender equal pay" (page 10). "The proportion of women among professors has increased by about 1 percentage point per year since 2006, from 17 to 24 per cent in 2012. Among senior lecturers the share of women has increased from 37 per cent in 2006 ...more
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The persistent gender wage gap, especially in the private sector" (Pg 13).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-1

"Government regulations require employers to pay equal wages and benefits for equal work, regardless of gender. Nonetheless, women received lower pay for equal work in many sectors of the economy. Employers did not allow women to work in all industries available to men, and women tended to be concentrated in lower-paying jobs" (54).
Jan. 24, 2018, 6:22 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-1

“Parliament also agreed to raise the age of sexual consent to 16, from 13. The new legislation also enacted fines and jail time for people who employ minors as housemaids; last year, Tunisia ratified a law on human trade. And workplace discrimination is now punishable by a fine of up to $800” (p 13-14)
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The persistent gender wage gap, especially in the private sector, which affects women with high levels of education in particular" (11).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"That a persistent wage gap between women and men exists in practice" (Pg 9)
Jan. 9, 2018, 8:33 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"'We have had legislation saying that pay should be equal for men and women for decades now but we still have a pay gap'" (para 7). "Since 2006, Iceland has closed close to 10 percent of its total gender gap. This makes it one of the fastest-improving countries in the world" (para 9).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and women enjoyed the same legal status and rights as men under family, labor, property, and inheritance law. The law recognizes joint property in marriages. The law mandates equal pay for men and women in equivalent jobs. The Ministry of Social Development and the National Institute of Women promoted equality of women in the workplace and equal pay for equal work, attempted to reduce sexual harassment, and advocated legal reforms"(17-18)."During the year FENASEP focused on the following problems: the lack of job stability, the lack of a policy for salary beyond the minimum wage, salary gap and equal pay for men and women, ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Japan’s gender wage gap — about 27 percent at median earnings — discourages women from building careers after marriage" (para 5).
Nov. 30, 2017, 5:12 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The average pay gap between men and women stands at 29.4 per cent in Ontario" (para 1). "Women’s lowest income decile shows average earnings of $190 are higher than men’s but that is the only time they are in a virtual tie; In women’s second lowest decile, average pay falls 15 per cent below that of men’s second decile, with women earning $1,000 less in annual average earnings; By the middle-income rung, women’s average income in the fifth decile falls 27 per cent below that decile for men, with women earning $9,000 less in annual average earnings; In the very top decile, Ontario’s highest paid women earn an average of ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women may typically acquire assets through the market, but low earnings and little collateral most commonly limit this opportunity. Women are not remunerated for the work they do in their traditional roles, and their earnings are typically low when they do have some source of income"(27)."Factors motivating women’s work participation include local work availability, reduction in risks associated with migration, flexibility in work choice and participation, notified wage rates and wage parity with men"(55)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women’s wages in the [fisheries/aquaculture] sector are typically lower than those of the men performing the same job. A 2006 study of the shrimp industry in Bangladesh found that women’s wages for catching and sorting fry (postlarval stage shrimp) were 64% of those of men; 82% for repairing ponds and casual labor; 72% for processing and packaging; and 60% for cooking and breading activities (Development & Training Services 2006)"(42)."The FSSAP enabled Bangladesh to achieve MDG 3 (gender parity in education) ahead of schedule, one of 83 countries to achieve this—out the 106 which committed to this goal (World Bank 2007c). Among the indirect benefits of this impressive achievement are delays ...more
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"[women face l]ess pay for equal work" (para 10).
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Despite an extensive legal framework providing for equality for women, such as equal employment opportunities and equal pay, societal and legal discrimination continued"(12)."KINU [Korean Institute for National Unification] reported that discrimination against women emerged in the form of differentiated pay scales, promotions, and types of work assigned to women"(13)."Although there is no direct reference to employment discrimination in the law, classification based on the songbun system has a bearing on equal employment opportunities and equal pay"(18)
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Many of the women are not well-informed of the Palestinian Labor Law and the issued laws related to their rights and duties. Consequently, they keep mum about their employers’ violations, such as depriving them of leaves and increasing their work hours without paying them overtime"(para 4)."[Iman] Assaf noted that the laws in the guideline comply with the 2000 Palestinian Labor Law No. 7, the 2012 Minimum Wage Law ($370/month) and the 2016 Social Security Law No. 6, which guaranteed working women in the private and public sectors the right to a social security paid maternity leave"(para 10)."PGFTU [Palestinian General Federation of Trade Unions] Secretary Hussein al-Faqhaa told Al-Monitor that the ...more
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The argument [in India] that employers will be reluctant to hire women over maternity leave is unproven. 'In the UK, when they introduced the Equal Pay Act, the same argument was made,' said [Nidhi] Gupta. 'But actually studies have shown that it has not made employers less willing to hire women'"(para 22)
Oct. 23, 2017, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The gender pay gap is unfortunately a fact in the Icelandic labour market and it’s time take radical measures" (para 7).
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"But women in Germany are still paid 21 percent less than men — the European average is 16 percent" (para 35).
Sept. 22, 2017, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Criminalizing harassment on the streets is just one of Schiappa's goals. She's also tackling France's gender pay gap" (para 13). "Macron has tasked Schiappa with tackling the gender pay gap in France, where women are paid about 25 percent less than men, according to France's National Institute of Statistics adn Economical Studies" (para 20). "Anne-Cecile Mailfert of the Women's Foundation says paying women less than men is illegal in France, but the law is rarely enforced" (para 23).
Sept. 21, 2017, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"During the first half of 2016, the percentage of women and men who established businesses online was equal. At the same time, the transaction scale for men was nearly seven percent higher than women.However, compared with 2014, the transaction scale for women has increased by 0.7 percent, which indicates that women's ability to make money has improved"(para 10-11)
Aug. 4, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women in the United States are paid less for equal work than men in all industries and a new report released on Thursday showed the widest discrepancy in wages is between married men and women with children. Fathers earned the highest overall median salaries at about $67,900, compared to $46,800 for married mothers, and single women with children had the lowest median salary at $38,200" (para 1-2). "While men's salaries kept increasing until the age of 50 to 55, reaching a median salary of $75,000, the report showed women's wages hit a plateau between 35 to 40 years old at about $49,000. The gender pay gap widened further as the ...more
July 26, 2017, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to the Department of Statistics, the average monthly wage for public sector employees amounts to 412 Jordanian dinars [$580], compared to 338 Jordanian dinars [$476] for private sector employees, with a gap in favor of males amounting to 63 Jordanian dinars [$88] and 69 Jordanian dinars [$97], respectively" (para 16).
July 7, 2017, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-1

¨Last week, a Polish member of the European Union Parliament, Janusz Korwin-Mikke, said during a debate,´Of course women must earn less than men because they are weaker, they are smaller, they are less intelligent´¨(para 14)
July 5, 2017, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

¨Al-Monitor: You are also responsible for senior citizens. Do you think that elderly women are worse off than elderly men? Gamliel: Indeed. For a large part of their lives, women cut back on their activities so that they can raise their children, and they lose a decade from their pension. They retire somewhat earlier than men, and their pension savings, if they have any, are very limited. As a result, they retire with much less money and are dependent on their partners¨(para 18-19)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned at reports of poverty among women, in particular women heads of households, widows, women with disabilities and older women. The Committee is especially concerned at their living conditions owing to a wide gender gap in pension benefits. The Committee is also concerned that the Act on the Provision of Disaster Condolence Grants widens the income disparity between men and women since: a) the condolence grant is doubled for persons who are the 'primary source of income'; and b) it gives priority to heads of households, who are often men, to access disaster relief loans" (13)