The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-1

Aug. 10, 2018, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has introduced minimum pension benefits and extended the period of maternity leave for single mothers. It is concerned, however, that single-parent households headed by women, older women and Roma women, in particular those living in segregated settlements, are at high risk of poverty and that social benefits, allowances and pensions are not providing adequate protection against poverty" (11).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

“[There is a] significant gender pay gap of 16 per cent, despite the adoption of the law on equal pay for work of equal value, resulting in lower pension benefits and a higher risk of poverty for women as compared with men” (10)
Aug. 3, 2018, 9:20 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"While equal pay for men and women in public service was the rule rather than the exception, both the government and NGOs noted considerable disparities in pay between men and women in the private and informal sectors, particularly in agriculture" (14).
Aug. 3, 2018, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to the Ministry of Labor and the Confederation of Workers, regulations protecting women’s labor rights were enforced in the formal sector, although according to the World Economic Forum, women earned 36 percent less on average than men doing comparable jobs" (31).
Aug. 1, 2018, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Labor laws provide for equal rates of pay for equal work for men and women in the public but not the private sector. In 2014 the World Economic Forum found that the country’s women received 78 percent of the income of their male counterparts--not of men in general" (41).
July 26, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"While there was little discrimination in access to employment and credit, women often did not receive equal pay for substantially similar work" (28).
July 24, 2018, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"A study by the Chartered Management Institute (CMI) found that Britain’s gender pay gap is widest at the top of the corporate ladder, where female directors earn one-tenth less on average than their male counterparts. Further down the pay scale, the gaps were smaller. Among 'professional level' employees, the gender pay gap was between 2 and 3.5 percent. This finding was similar to the Office for National Statistics’ annual estimate of the average gender pay gap, which was a record low of 19.1 percent in 2014, down from 27.5 percent in 1997. Both the ONS and the CMI data suggested the pay gap was far smaller among younger workers. Women...more
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women experienced discrimination in employment and pay" (23). "Genderbased discrimination in terms of wages and legal protections in employment occurred frequently" (34).
July 23, 2018, 11:52 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women experienced discrimination in access to employment, credit, and pay equity for substantially similar work" (12).
July 23, 2018, 11:04 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women who worked in the private sector regularly did not receive equal benefits and reportedly faced discrimination in promotions and equality of wages" (23).
July 19, 2018, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women received lower salaries than men" (40). "Industries dominated by women workers had the lowest relative wages. Women received lower salaries than men did due to limited opportunities for advancement and the types of industries that employed them. According to the Ombudsman’s Office, men earned on average of 29.5 percent more than women earned" (54).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The National Statistics Office reported in August that the average monthly salary for women was roughly 88 percent of that of men" (28).
July 17, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Relative gender gaps in education and income remained high" (16).
July 17, 2018, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although the law requires equal pay for equal work for men and women, the government did not implement those provisions, in particular in many state industries" (44).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

". . . de facto, intersecting discrimination against Uruguayan women of African descent persists and can be seen in the disproportionate level of educational exclusion, early pregnancies, lower salaries, more disadvantageous incorporation into the workforce and lower levels of public and political participation" (page 3). "The gender wage gap, which affects women with higher levels of education, especially in the private sector . . . The lesser accumulation of social security contributions by women employed in the domestic and care sector" (page 11).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"As regards compliance with the principle of 'equal pay for work of equal value', that is a general principle that is enshrined in national legislation. Uruguay has ratified ILO Convention 100, by virtue of Act No. 16063 of 1989. Collective bargaining has been useful in reducing the wage gap between men and women. Inmujeres and civil society are currently making periodic evaluations of the changing gender wage gap. Between 2007 and 2013 the wage gap trended downward. For 2008—when the gap was greatest—women’s income was 87.3 per cent of men’s. It reached 91.2 per cent (the highest proportion for the period) in 2012 (Figure 1). On women’s income relative to...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee remains concerned at persistent discrimination against women in the labour market, in particular: . . . (c) The lack of implementation of the principle of equal pay for work of equal value and the persistent gender wage gap" (page 11).
June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although the law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including equal pay for equal work, women suffered from discrimination in the workplace and often earned less than men (see section 7.d.)" (13).
June 26, 2018, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law requires equal pay for equal work, but women often earned less than their male counterparts (see section 7.d.)" (14). "According to the Department of Statistics, the pay gap between men and women in 2014 was 13.7 percent, compared with 12.5 percent in 2012" (21).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"In most cases (for example, the gender pay gap) comprehensive legislation has been in place for many years and this has achieved a significant reduction in gender discrepancies. The remaining gap is driven not by a conscious disregard for the law, but by a complex mix of factors, such as occupational and vertical segregation, patterns of employment and unconscious bias" (page 9). "The gender pay gap is New Zealand’s official measure of the difference between men and women’s earnings. It uses median hourly earnings of men and women and is updated annually using data from the New Zealand Income Survey. In the June 2015 quarter women’s median hourly earnings were...more
June 25, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to a 2014 report by the European Commission, employers paid women 8.6 percent less on average than men for comparable work" (11).
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Other human rights problems included...disparities in pay and unemployment rates for women…" (1). "A significant difference existed between men and women in pay and professional promotions, and women were heavily underrepresented in top-level management positions, particularly in private industry...The law entitles women and men to equal pay for equal work, but this was not effectively enforced. In 2012 the median monthly income for women in the private sector was 5,317 Swiss francs ($5,300), while men earned 6,553 Swiss francs ($6,600). The difference in pay between men and women was 15.2 percent for nonexecutive positions, while the difference for executive positions was 26.5 percent. Women received salaries that were on average...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women experienced economic discrimination in wages (see section 7.d.), extension of credit, and ownership of land" (33).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Certain minor differences in pay between men and women can be explained primarily as the result of required professional qualifications that have been set, based on the ability of only one specific sex to perform the functions concerned, as well as by the existence of differences, exceptions and preferences relating to a particular job that are derived from the characteristic of that type of work. Under the legislation of Turkmenistan, such considerations do not generate discrimination" (29). In 2015, the average salary for women was 1,053.5 manats and the average salary for men was 1,215.3 manats, according to Table 3 (35). Table 4 indicates the women's wages as a percentage...more
June 14, 2018, 5:52 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women’s salaries averaged approximately 88 percent of those of men" (11).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"[The Committee] is furthermore concerned about: . . . The persistent gender wage gap in the public sector and elsewhere" (page 14). "The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . Develop job evaluation systems based on gender-sensitive criteria, with the aim of closing the existing gender wage gap in line with the Committee’s general recommendation No. 13 (1989) on equal remuneration for work of equal value; (d) Introduce statutory minimum wages applicable to all sectors of the labour market in order to raise salaries in female-dominated sectors, and take all other measures to guarantee a living wage" (page 14-15).
June 5, 2018, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to European Commission data released in November, the overall gender earnings gap in the country was 45.2 percent" (21).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The World Economic Forum’s 2015 Global Gender Gap Report, based on ‘the country’s Annual Statistics Report, documented a widespread gender pay gap and noted that women predominated in low-paying jobs in education and the medical industry and in low-level sales positions. On average women earned 38 percent less than men, notwithstanding that 85 percent of women had completed some form of higher education, compared with 68 percent of men," (71).
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law requires that women receive equal pay for equal work. In a study released in 2013, the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) reported that in 2010, the most recent year for which data were available, the average annual private sector salary was 21,700 euros ($23,900) for men, while women on average earned 15,603 euros ($17,200) or 72 percent of the average salary for men. In 2013 the Ministry of Labor announced that, when working full- time, men earned 16 percent more than women. In the public sector, an INSEE study released in August reported that women’s salaries were 85 percent those of men. Although they constituted...more
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women are much less likely than men to receive cash earnings for the work they do (56% and 89%, respectively). Among couples in which women earn cash, two-thirds of women say they earn less than their husbands" (page 325). "Men are much more likely than women to be paid in cash for their work (89% and 56%, respectively). However, not all married women and men receive earnings for the work they do; about 4 in 10 women but only 1 in 10 men are not paid for their work . . . The percentage of married women receiving cash earnings increased from 27% in 2004-05 to 45% in 2010 and...more