The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-1

March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee continues to be concerned, however, about the persistence of occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the continuing pay gap, one of the highest in Europe, where current figures show that the average hourly earnings of full-time women employees amount to approximately 83 per cent of men’s earnings" (11). "The Committee notes that ethnic and minority women are underrepresented in all areas of the labour market, in particular in senior or decision-making positions, have higher rates of unemployment and face a greater pay gap in their hourly earnings compared to men" (12).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

""From the listed forms of discrimination the respondents more often have faced gender discrimination in the process of employment.... 10 per cent of the responses referred to such manifestations of discrimination as underpayment and insufficient representation of women in the big and medium businesses in comparison with men" (23). "The most obvious manifestation and result of gender inequality in the labour sphere is significant gender gap in the level of employment revenue" (35). "In spite of the positive dynamics during last decade the average salary of men in Ukraine is 23 per cent higher than average women’s salary" (35).
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

“In urban India, the self-employed constitute 45 per cent of men and 48 per cent of women workers; of these, more than half of men and nearly two-thirds of women have very low earnings, in most states below the official minimum wages. In other words, while women are not the only informal-sector workers, they are more likely than men to be employed informally, and to earn less” (pp. 17).
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

“Four million women born in the 1950s have been left 'disenfranchised' by 'catastrophic' changes to the state pension age, the Court of Appeal heard today. Campaigners are arguing that the increase of women's state pension age from 60 to 66 by the Government is discriminatory, unlawful and unfair. They are also claiming that women born from April 6, 1953 have not been given enough time to make adjustments to cope with years without a pension” (para. 1-3). “Mr Mansfield described the six-year wait that women have from 60 to 66 as a 'considerable' period of time which translates to a 'considerable' sum of money - around the £8,000 mark if...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"It is concerned at the gender wage gap indicating that women earn only 50 to 75 per cent of the wages earned by men" (10).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Australia's gendered wage gaps continue to pose significant barriers to gender equality. Australia has a national gender pay gap of 15.3% with women earning $253.70 less per week than men" (9). "On average, women currently retire with $90,000 less than men. By 2030 the retirement income gap is still expected to be 39%. Women, particularly single women, are thus at greater risk of experiencing poverty in retirement" (9).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

“In Angola, there is no legal provision that distinguishes or differentiates wages on the basis of gender, in either the public or the private sector” (pp. 34).
Jan. 1, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The country has a 16% gender pay gap" (para 25).
Jan. 1, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

“Compared with workers who have a high school education, women who receive an associate degree see a 22 percent average increase in earnings, whereas men who receive an associate degree see an average 13 percent increase in earnings (Belfield & Bailey, 2011). The higher returns for women are due in part to their concentration in health fields like nursing, which other relatively high salaries for two-year degree holders” (15). “Although women earn the majority of associate degrees and certificates awarded by community colleges, they are concentrated in lower-wage, lower-skill fields” (15). “Men were more likely than women to earn certificates as welders, electricians, and heating/AC/ventilation (HVAC) and automotive technicians—jobs that...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women earn less than men doing the same work, and mothers earn much less. Mothers face so much wage and hiring discrimination that many hide their children’s photos, while proud new dads often get raises" (para 3).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although Spain is one of the top 10 countries for gender equality, women in the country still earn 22% less than their male colleagues" (para 10).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"It is important to note however, that upward mobility for women remains restricted. Bahrain's employment market is goverened by systems of patronage. Both Shia and Sunni women are less likely to be in high-level positions than their male counterparts" (8).
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Despite the considerable reduction of wage inequality since 2000, in 2013, in general, women still earned about 34% less than men. Wage inequality was the highest in the mining and quarrying sector (– 50%), and lowest in the arts, entertainment, recreation, food and beverage, hospitality, and agriculture sectors. Wage differences in manufacturing, financial and insurance activities were 40%, while in public administration, defense and health sectors this figure stood at – 30%.114 The young male employee earned, on average, more than one-and-a-half times that of the female employee. The gender wage gap is even larger among self-employed youth. The male own-account worker earned approximately three times the earnings of the...more
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Report 2015, estimated earned income is double higher for male workers. On average, in Armenia, for every $1 woman earns, a man earns $2.04. In Armenia, the average annual salary for a woman is $5,276.95 and average annual salary for aman is $10,854.23" (para 4).
Aug. 13, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"[T]here is a 35 percent wage gap between men and women" (para. 3).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, CLCW-PRACTICE-1

“She said, ‘We have been fighting this battle since 2005 when ENSS was formed, we have managed through rallies and Jansunvais to get pension for single women and get ration cards, the manifestos are not talking anything new. Single women also form a vital segment as voters in elections and we have nearly 2,000 registered single women in Kangra district itself. We will now cast our votes to candidates who assure us in writing to take up our demands’” (para 4).
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"It…acknowledges gaps in wages" (para 6). "When Icelanders found out it would be another 122 years before they closed the gender pay gap at the current rate, that was unacceptable. Lawmakers took action, announcing on International Women's Day that Iceland would require companies to prove they pay employees equal rates for equal work, or pay the fine. Parliament is expected to pass the bill becoming the first country to make gender wage discrimination illegal. After passing, the government expects the law to roll into effect by 2020 in an effort to close the gender wage gap" (para 8-9). "Currently women make between 14-18% less than men. But the country is...more
July 28, 2020, noon
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The consistent wage gap is worrisome: women receive inferior salaries than men. Estimating that they receive around 70% of a man's salary" (3).
June 28, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"One especially stark gender gap involves income: Employed women are five times more likely than employed men (25% vs. 5%) to say they have earned less for doing the same job as someone of the other gender" (para 4).
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Horizontal and vertical occupational segregation, the persistent gender pay gap of almost 30 per cent and a lack of transparency on wages at the enterprise level" (9).
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The majority of women earn less than their husbands (84%); only 5% earn more than their husbands" (381).
May 15, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"[There is a] lack of implementation of the principle of equal pay for work of equal value and the persistent gender wage gap, in both the public and private sectors, which adversely affects women’s career development and pension benefits" (13).
May 12, 2020, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The majority of women who were employed in the past 7 days were paid employees (93%), and 4% were employers (Figure 3.7)" (pg 38).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Further, the study found that women earn on average 75 percent of their male counterparts for the same work, further economically disadvantaging them" (97).
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"While most women earn less than their husbands (66%), 17% are paid about the same as their husbands, while 15% earn more than their husbands" (199).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"However, while provisions for equal work are in place, there is no mention of equal pay for equal work." (6).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"As for female employment by professional status and occupation, women are more present among employees than among self-employed persons. Women are overrepresented in the group of white collars (44.3 per cent of women versus 23.4 per cent of men) but they are strongly underrepresented among executives (1.2 per cent versus 2.2 per cent among men). Among the self-employed, women are underrepresented among the entrepreneurs, while they are above average among free-lancers (with fixed-term contract); and work in the “service-economic sector” much more than men. Women remain in the typically “female” activity sectors: 71.9 per cent in the “Education, health and social work” sector; and 69.3 per cent in the “Other...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law does not distinguish between women and men in employment and provides for equal pay for men and women. On wage equality for similar work, the report indicated a considerable difference between wages for women and men in the workplace" (29). "According to the 2016 World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report, women made up 25 percent of the labor force, compared to 75 percent of men. On wage equality for similar work, the report also indicates a considerable difference between wages for women and men in the workplace" (38).
Feb. 5, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"44% of employed women 41% of men are not paid for the work they do" (pg 269).
Dec. 31, 2019, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The European Commission has recently released data on that gender pay gap showing it has barely moved in recent years and still stands at around 16%. As part of the same research, however, the Commission indicated the best examples among the countries that have started tackling the issue. The Austrian Law on Equal Treatment obliges private companies and public sector bodies with more than 150 employees to publish the average employees’ wages by occupational groups and gender every two years" (para. 6-7).