The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-1

June 28, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"One especially stark gender gap involves income: Employed women are five times more likely than employed men (25% vs. 5%) to say they have earned less for doing the same job as someone of the other gender" (para 4).
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Horizontal and vertical occupational segregation, the persistent gender pay gap of almost 30 per cent and a lack of transparency on wages at the enterprise level" (9).
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The majority of women earn less than their husbands (84%); only 5% earn more than their husbands" (381).
May 15, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"[There is a] lack of implementation of the principle of equal pay for work of equal value and the persistent gender wage gap, in both the public and private sectors, which adversely affects women’s career development and pension benefits" (13).
May 12, 2020, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The majority of women who were employed in the past 7 days were paid employees (93%), and 4% were employers (Figure 3.7)" (pg 38).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Further, the study found that women earn on average 75 percent of their male counterparts for the same work, further economically disadvantaging them" (97).
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"While most women earn less than their husbands (66%), 17% are paid about the same as their husbands, while 15% earn more than their husbands" (199).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"However, while provisions for equal work are in place, there is no mention of equal pay for equal work." (6).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"As for female employment by professional status and occupation, women are more present among employees than among self-employed persons. Women are overrepresented in the group of white collars (44.3 per cent of women versus 23.4 per cent of men) but they are strongly underrepresented among executives (1.2 per cent versus 2.2 per cent among men). Among the self-employed, women are underrepresented among the entrepreneurs, while they are above average among free-lancers (with fixed-term contract); and work in the “service-economic sector” much more than men. Women remain in the typically “female” activity sectors: 71.9 per cent in the “Education, health and social work” sector; and 69.3 per cent in the “Other...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law does not distinguish between women and men in employment and provides for equal pay for men and women. On wage equality for similar work, the report indicated a considerable difference between wages for women and men in the workplace" (29). "According to the 2016 World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report, women made up 25 percent of the labor force, compared to 75 percent of men. On wage equality for similar work, the report also indicates a considerable difference between wages for women and men in the workplace" (38).
Feb. 5, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"44% of employed women 41% of men are not paid for the work they do" (pg 269).
Dec. 31, 2019, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The European Commission has recently released data on that gender pay gap showing it has barely moved in recent years and still stands at around 16%. As part of the same research, however, the Commission indicated the best examples among the countries that have started tackling the issue. The Austrian Law on Equal Treatment obliges private companies and public sector bodies with more than 150 employees to publish the average employees’ wages by occupational groups and gender every two years" (para. 6-7).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The constitution requires equal pay for equal work, but discrimination against women in employment existed" (18).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Custom confined women in rural areas largely to traditional roles. Women in urban areas experienced less overt discrimination but did not enjoy pay or access to employment and credit on an equal basis with men" (21). "Women were paid less than men for the same work, and the terms of their contracts often were not honored. Women rarely complained due to fear of reprisals. The government did not effectively enforce labor law, making women vulnerable in terms of benefits and salaries" (26).
Sept. 17, 2019, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Thirty years ago, when the country first began implementing market reforms, Chinese women earned just under 80 percent of what men made. By 2010, according to the latest official data, the average income of women in Chinese cities had fallen to 67 percent that of men, and in the countryside 56 percent." (para 12).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-1

"Gender-based discrimination in employment and occupation occurred (see section 6). Although the labor code stipulates men and women must receive equal pay for equivalent work, the government did not enforce this provision effectively. According to the International Labor Organization, women often received less pay in the private sector than did men doing the same job and rarely occupied positions of authority or high responsibility" (page 52).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"There is no regulation requiring equal pay for equal work. In the private sector, the average monthly wage of Saudi women workers was 58 percent of the average monthly wage of Saudi men" (51).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"A 2015 Eurobarometer survey estimated the gender pay gap in the country at 20 percent" (p. 15).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although the law requires equal pay for equal work for men and women, the government did not implement those provisions, particularly in many state industries" (Pg 39).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"There is still major gap in income earnings between women and men in Bangladesh. The same survey report that women, on average, are paid 20% less than men in salaried job. In the agriculture sector, this is even more pronounced. In FGDs in Dinajpur, carried out as part of consultations for this report, women reported to have been paid average 250-300 taka/day in comparison to the men who earn 350-400/taka. This is a gap of 25% or more" (15). It is referring to the Banglaesh Household Income & Expenditure Survey of 2010 published in 2012 (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. A Eurostat study from March (based on data from 2014) showed that male executives earned 33.7 percent more than female executives in the same level of job. Women held 41 percent of senior executive positions. In higher education the ratio of women among students was 6.3 percent higher than that of men. According to The Economist, the percentage of women on boards of directors was 11 percent" (Pg 29).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Union leaders stated the wage differences for men and women were generally minimal and were mostly due to different skills, duration of employment, types of jobs, as well as legal requirements, which prohibit the employment of women in hazardous work. Nonetheless, a 2016 International Labor Organization (ILO) report on migrant women in the country’s construction sector found female migrant workers consistently received less than their male counterparts, and more than one-half were paid less than the official minimum wage, especially for overtime work" (page 40).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to March 2017 Eurostat statistics, women’s average earnings were 26.9 percent lower than those of men for the same work" (p. 15).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"…persistent wage gap between women and men in most sectors" (9).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides for equal pay, but employers frequently did not observe these provisions. Women earned on average 20 percent less per month than their male counterparts, their career advancement was slower, and they were underrepresented in most professions" (page 33).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The persistent gender pay gap, despite the existence of legislation on equal pay for work of equal value" (10).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides that “every employer shall pay males and females equal remuneration for work of equal value.” In 2013 the National Organization of Trade Unions (NOTU) reported, however, that women received much lower wages than men for the same work" (Pg 30).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Significant salary gaps between men and women (67 percent) remained a serious problem" (p. 32).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Although women and men are equal under the law, women continued to experience discrimination in education, pay (see section 7.d.), pension benefits, and inheritance. In urban areas women and girls dominated market activities and commerce. Harsh economic conditions in rural areas, where most of the population lived, left women with little time for activities other than domestic tasks and agricultural fieldwork. While formal law supersedes traditional law, it is slow, distant, and expensive to access; rural women were effectively subject to traditional law" (Pg 12). "The government, in general, did not effectively enforce the law. Gender-based discrimination in employment and occupation occurred (see section 6, Women.). Although the law requires...more
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law provides that women receive equal pay as men for equal work, but cultural barriers continued to restrict the professional opportunities available to women. Employers forced women to work overtime without additional pay" (Pg 29).