The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-2

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) The higher unemployment and self-employment rates among women, with women’s employment rates being lower than those of men by around 20 per cent, and the fact that unemployment especially affects women of African descent" (page 11). "The low employment rate among rural women (only 37 per cent of the rural workforce)" (page 12).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"As regards integration of women into the labour market, between 2007 and 2013 there was an increase in the 'private employee' category—which accounted for 57.7 per cent of all employment in 2013—such that the increase was greater among men (53.9 per cent to 57.2 per cent) than among women (from 58.4 per cent to 57.2 per cent). In the 'public employee' category, the gap still favours women (12.7 per cent men, 17.1 per cent women). Again, in the 'self-employed without business premises' category, the number of women fell by almost half (5.2 per cent to 3.3 per cent); but there were still almost twice as many women as men (Table...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The number of women chief executives has increased in this reporting period. As at 30 June 2015, 41 per cent (12 of 29) of chief executives were women compared with 24.1 per cent in 2012. Women occupied 44.2 per cent of senior leadership positions in the public service (the top three tiers of management) as at 30 June 2015" (page 12). "Women made up 17 per cent of directors and 19 per cent of officers (chief executives and senior managers) of all listed companies in 2015" (page 13). "While young women on average do better in school than young men, young women aged 15-24 years are also more likely not...more
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"A significant difference existed between men and women in pay and professional promotions, and women were heavily underrepresented in top-level management positions, particularly in private industry" (26).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to the 2014-15 Employment Equity Report produced by the labor department’s Commission for Employment Equity, women held 20.9 percent of top management and 32.1 percent of senior management positions--rates significantly lower than the government target of 44.4 percent of management positions filled by women" (34). "Black women remained by far the most disadvantaged group in number and quality of management jobs" (41).
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"More than 8 in 10 (84%) currently married women and virtually all currently married men report being employed. Women are much less likely than men to receive cash earnings for the work they do (56% and 89%, respectively)" (page 325). "More than 8 in 10 currently married women age 15-49 and virtually all currently married men age 15-49 reported being employed in the 12 months before the survey (Table 15.1) . . . The percentage of employed married women was 89% in the 2010 TDHS and declined slightly to 84% in the 2015-16 TDHS-MIS. . . . Among currently married women, the percentage of employed women increases with age, from...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Women face high unemployment rates" (11).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee is, however, concerned about: (a) The disproportionately high unemployment rate among women, in particular young and highly educated women" (10).
May 4, 2018, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-2

"Women made up 2.3 percent of corporate executives at 348 of the largest 500 companies in South Korea in 2015" (pp 11)
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In Australia, approximately 65 per cent of working-age women participate in the labour force, compared with just over 78 per cent of working-age men. Australia’s female participation rate is above the OECD average, but below other similar economies, like Canada and New Zealand. Increased women’s workforce participation is addressed by all levels of government through a range of initiatives and opportunities. For relevant legislation see Appendix – Article 11" (Pg 29). "From 1 July 2013 to 31 July 2014 there were 57,344 job seekers who were on RJCP for at least one day. Of these, there were 24,746 females representing 43.2 per cent of the caseload. There were 19,211 Indigenous...more
May 3, 2018, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6, ASR-DATA-1

"Only 25 percent of English and Welsh judges, 29 percent of British members of Parliament, and about 25 percent of Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 board directors are women" (pp 13)
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"This has resulted in an unemployment rate among women of 24% compared to only about 8% among men" (para 8). "The Women's Empowerment Strategy 2030 drafted by the NCW and issued in March 2017 noted that in 2016, women made up 24.2% of the workforce. In 2015, the unemployment rate among women was 24%, and in 2016, the percentage of women in administrative positions was just 6%" (para 16).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The number of women in paid employment has declined from 39 per cent in 2002 to 33 per cent in 2011. This means that women are mostly in domestic duties and there has been a 6 per cent increase indicating that unemployment for Fijian women is high" (9).
April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Seventy-two percent of women and 88% of men are currently employed" (page 51).
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Seventy-two percent of women are currently employed, compared with 88% of men. An additional 5% of women and 1% of men reported working in the past 12 months even though they were not currently employed. The percentage currently employed increases with age, though tends to reach a plateau at about age 30 (Tables 3.6.1 and 3.6.2). Trends: There have been slight changes in employment since 2010.The percentage of women who are currently employed decreased from 79% in 2004-05 to 72% in 2015-16, while the percentage of men employed increased from 82% in 2004-05 to 88% in 2015-16 . . . Seventy-eight percent of women and 95% of men who have...more
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee notes with appreciation the increase in the participation of women in the State party’s labour force from 58.8 per cent in 2001 to 62.9 per cent in 2011. It is concerned, however, at the persistent gender wage gap and the lack of a provision on equal pay for women and men for work of equal value in the Employment Order of 2009, as well as at continued horizontal and vertical segregation in the labour market. The Committee is also concerned at the absence of a specific legal framework prohibiting discrimination and sexual harassment in the workplace. It is further concerned that the State party has not ratified the...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

Table 1: Development of the key indicators of women's economic empowerment (2010-2014) shows that the percentage of female public sector employees has stayed relatively the same over the time period. In 2014, it was 45.7%. The percentage of female private sector employees has also remained stagnant, and in 2014 it was 50.7%. The percentage of women in subministerial leadership positions has risen substantially since 2010, and in 2014 it was 23% (8). "Tangible, qualitative progress in levels of involvement in economic activity and the job market, with 47 per cent of Kuwaiti women participating in the job market in 2014" (8-9). "Growing participation of Kuwaiti women in the job market,...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2

"While noting that the Women’s Act prohibits discrimination against women in employment, the Committee is concerned about: (a) The low participation of women in the formal sector, vertical and horizontal segregation in the labour market and the lack of temporary special measures in this regard; (b) The gender wage gap and the fact that the Labour Act (2007) does not explicitly incorporate the principle of equal pay for work of equal value; (c) The absence of legislation explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace; (d) The lack of information on the activities of the labour inspectorate and on complaints by women about employment discrimination, as well as on any mechanism...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"For women, the labour participation rate, which measures the degree of involvement of a population in the labour market, has been rising from 2008 to 2012, reaching 47.3 per cent in 2008 and 47.9 per cent in 2012" (26).
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Women make up less than a third of the workforce" (para 26).
March 16, 2018, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-4

"They are also limited by a glass ceiling that sees men in Spanish companies occupy the majority of management positions, while women are over represented in part-time jobs and temporary contracts" (para 6).
March 16, 2018, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-4

"They are also limited by a glass ceiling that sees men in Spanish companies occupy the majority of management positions, while women are over represented in part-time jobs and temporary contracts" (para 6).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the 2009-2015 plan for the implementation of the National Gender Equality and Equity Strategy, which includes measures for economic empowerment and autonomy of women. It remains concerned, however, about: (a) The persistent gender wage gap and occupational segregation of women and men; (b) The high unemployment rate among women and the concentration of women in the informal sector; (c) The absence of legal provisions explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace; (d) The existence of discriminatory legal provisions allocating child benefits only to the father (art. 21 of the Code of Social Security), excluding the children of a deceased employed woman from her pension...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, about...The limited representation of women (10 per cent) in the economically active population of the formal sector" (12).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Among private limited companies, which make up the majority of Norwegian companies, 18 per cent of board members are women" (7). "We refer to Norway’s Eighth Periodic Report, paragraphs 110 and 111. In 2014, 81 per cent of women aged 25-54 were in employment, according to figures from Statistics Norway’s Labour Force Survey" (41).
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Prince Mohammed is widely seen as the chief architect behind Saudi Arabia's 'Vision 2030' reform programme, which seeks to elevate the percentage of women in the work force from 22 percent to nearly one-third" (para 8).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The revised economic participation rate for Saudi women rose from 11.5 per cent in 2008 to 17.40 per cent in the second half of 2015" (41). "The unemployment rate is 5.60 per cent among Saudi males and 33.80 per cent among Saudi females" (41). Annex No. 5 on page 56 shows the number of women registered in the Commercial Register by sector from 2008-2014. The total number of women in the register increased from 3,293 in 2008 to 94,137 in 2014. The order of economic sectors from highest female involvement to lowest female involvement is as follows: (1) miscellaneous services, (2) building and construction contracts, (3) wholesale and retail commerce,...more
March 7, 2018, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"In Germany, 75 percent of women with two children work" (para 9).
March 7, 2018, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Italy has the second-lowest female employment rate in the European Union, according to Eurostat, ahead of only Greece" (para 8).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The economically active population of Sri Lanka was estimated to be 8.8 million in 2014 of which 34.7 per cent were women and 65.3 per cent were men. Women comprised 75.1 per cent and men comprised 24.9 per cent of the economically inactive population during this period. Women’s participation in the labour force over the last two decades has remained below 40, compared to that of men which has been over 70" (20). Table 4 shows that in 1996 and 1997, 27.3% of the labor force was female. In 2003, 24.0% of the labor force was female. In 2006, 39.5% of the labor force was female. In 2010, 34.4% of...more