The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-2

April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Seventy-two percent of women and 88% of men are currently employed" (page 51).
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Seventy-two percent of women are currently employed, compared with 88% of men. An additional 5% of women and 1% of men reported working in the past 12 months even though they were not currently employed. The percentage currently employed increases with age, though tends to reach a plateau at about age 30 (Tables 3.6.1 and 3.6.2). Trends: There have been slight changes in employment since 2010.The percentage of women who are currently employed decreased from 79% in 2004-05 to 72% in 2015-16, while the percentage of men employed increased from 82% in 2004-05 to 88% in 2015-16 . . . Seventy-eight percent of women and 95% of men who have ...more
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee notes with appreciation the increase in the participation of women in the State party’s labour force from 58.8 per cent in 2001 to 62.9 per cent in 2011. It is concerned, however, at the persistent gender wage gap and the lack of a provision on equal pay for women and men for work of equal value in the Employment Order of 2009, as well as at continued horizontal and vertical segregation in the labour market. The Committee is also concerned at the absence of a specific legal framework prohibiting discrimination and sexual harassment in the workplace. It is further concerned that the State party has not ratified the ...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

Table 1: Development of the key indicators of women's economic empowerment (2010-2014) shows that the percentage of female public sector employees has stayed relatively the same over the time period. In 2014, it was 45.7%. The percentage of female private sector employees has also remained stagnant, and in 2014 it was 50.7%. The percentage of women in subministerial leadership positions has risen substantially since 2010, and in 2014 it was 23% (8). "Tangible, qualitative progress in levels of involvement in economic activity and the job market, with 47 per cent of Kuwaiti women participating in the job market in 2014" (8-9). "Growing participation of Kuwaiti women in the job market, ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2

"While noting that the Women’s Act prohibits discrimination against women in employment, the Committee is concerned about: (a) The low participation of women in the formal sector, vertical and horizontal segregation in the labour market and the lack of temporary special measures in this regard; (b) The gender wage gap and the fact that the Labour Act (2007) does not explicitly incorporate the principle of equal pay for work of equal value; (c) The absence of legislation explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace; (d) The lack of information on the activities of the labour inspectorate and on complaints by women about employment discrimination, as well as on any mechanism ...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"For women, the labour participation rate, which measures the degree of involvement of a population in the labour market, has been rising from 2008 to 2012, reaching 47.3 per cent in 2008 and 47.9 per cent in 2012" (26).
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Women make up less than a third of the workforce" (para 26).
March 16, 2018, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-4

"They are also limited by a glass ceiling that sees men in Spanish companies occupy the majority of management positions, while women are over represented in part-time jobs and temporary contracts" (para 6).
March 16, 2018, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-4

"They are also limited by a glass ceiling that sees men in Spanish companies occupy the majority of management positions, while women are over represented in part-time jobs and temporary contracts" (para 6).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the 2009-2015 plan for the implementation of the National Gender Equality and Equity Strategy, which includes measures for economic empowerment and autonomy of women. It remains concerned, however, about: (a) The persistent gender wage gap and occupational segregation of women and men; (b) The high unemployment rate among women and the concentration of women in the informal sector; (c) The absence of legal provisions explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace; (d) The existence of discriminatory legal provisions allocating child benefits only to the father (art. 21 of the Code of Social Security), excluding the children of a deceased employed woman from her pension ...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, about...The limited representation of women (10 per cent) in the economically active population of the formal sector" (12).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Among private limited companies, which make up the majority of Norwegian companies, 18 per cent of board members are women" (7). "We refer to Norway’s Eighth Periodic Report, paragraphs 110 and 111. In 2014, 81 per cent of women aged 25-54 were in employment, according to figures from Statistics Norway’s Labour Force Survey" (41).
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Prince Mohammed is widely seen as the chief architect behind Saudi Arabia's 'Vision 2030' reform programme, which seeks to elevate the percentage of women in the work force from 22 percent to nearly one-third" (para 8).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The revised economic participation rate for Saudi women rose from 11.5 per cent in 2008 to 17.40 per cent in the second half of 2015" (41). "The unemployment rate is 5.60 per cent among Saudi males and 33.80 per cent among Saudi females" (41). Annex No. 5 on page 56 shows the number of women registered in the Commercial Register by sector from 2008-2014. The total number of women in the register increased from 3,293 in 2008 to 94,137 in 2014. The order of economic sectors from highest female involvement to lowest female involvement is as follows: (1) miscellaneous services, (2) building and construction contracts, (3) wholesale and retail commerce, ...more
March 7, 2018, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"In Germany, 75 percent of women with two children work" (para 9).
March 7, 2018, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Italy has the second-lowest female employment rate in the European Union, according to Eurostat, ahead of only Greece" (para 8).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The economically active population of Sri Lanka was estimated to be 8.8 million in 2014 of which 34.7 per cent were women and 65.3 per cent were men. Women comprised 75.1 per cent and men comprised 24.9 per cent of the economically inactive population during this period. Women’s participation in the labour force over the last two decades has remained below 40, compared to that of men which has been over 70" (20). Table 4 shows that in 1996 and 1997, 27.3% of the labor force was female. In 2003, 24.0% of the labor force was female. In 2006, 39.5% of the labor force was female. In 2010, 34.4% of ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In 2014 the agriculture sector continued to be the second largest job creator (INEC, 2014), generating employment for 228,606 people, of whom 10.9 per cent were women" (30).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Only 29 per cent of those earning a formal wage throughout the country are women" (28).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The staff complement of the public service in 2012 was 40,819, made up of: 1. Women: 14,303 (i.e. 35.04 per cent) 2. Men: 26,516 (i.e. 64.95 per cent)" (pg 22). "In 2008, the number of employment applications by women registered with the National Agency for the Promotion of Employment (ANPE) was 5,024, compared to 19,805 by men, and so accounted for 20 per cent of the total" (pg 23). "Men’s employment applications met with success more often than women’s. In 2008, the total number of successful job applications was 3,120, as against 6,314 in 2007. Of these, 509 had been submitted by women, 2,611 by men. The corresponding figures for ...more
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Government research shows the proportion of women as paid workers in agriculture has increased from 15% to 32% over the past 15 years and they now make up 40% of agricultural business partners" (para 14).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to the available information, men and women in similar conditions receive equal pay for fulfillment of the same tasks. However, according to statistics, there is the gender wage gap, women's wages being the national average of 68% (2006) to 76% (2010) of salary men (Table 7). Despite their reduction, the difference remains significant. This discrepancy occurs because men traditionally occupy higher and better paid positions and prevail in the economic sectors where wages are higher, while women constitute the majority in the social sector, where wages are low (see CCD, p.89-92). At present the Government is revising the methodology for calculating wages" (Pg 29). According to Table 7: Ratio ...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"It also notes with appreciation that female labour force participation has increased from 17 per cent in 1990 to 30 per cent in 2016 and to 47 per cent in the civil service" (12). "The Committee is concerned, however, about...The low participation of women compared with men with regard to employment in the private sector" (12).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to statistics from the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, that percentage was 19.1 per cent, as against 71.9 for men. That is an improvement and signals a decline in the gender gap in women’s participation in the labour force compared to 2000, when those percentages were 10.3 per cent for women compared to 66.8 per cent for men" (46). "There is a notable scarcity of women in upper management" (47). "A survey of the labour force in Palestine conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics showed that the overall unemployment rate for 2015 was about 25.9 per cent. That broke down to 39.2 per cent for women versus 22.5 ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The Swedish government holds one of the largest portfolios of companies in Sweden. These companies employ about 175 000 people. There are about 375 people on their boards. To be considered for a board place an individual must have general expertise in either business management, business development, industry knowledge or financial issues or in other relevant areas. The composition must also achieve a balance in terms of expertise, background, age and gender. In 2012, 49 per cent of board members in wholly state-owned companies were women. The results concerning the state-owned companies have been achieved through conscious and active corporate governance. MD posts and management teams are still dominated by ...more
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"As of July the ABS reported approximately 3.64 million persons (31 percent of the workforce) were employed as part-time workers, of whom 69 percent were women" (28).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned about...Women’s limited access to decision-making positions in private companies" (11).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"the employment rate among women was 24% in 2015, while 24.2% of women participated in the labor force in 2016" (para 8).
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:57 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"...the ratio of female to male board members at the 102 companies that are either listed on the Frankfurt stock exchange or that have employee participation in decision-making still stands at 23.1 percent. For all the talk of inclusion in the last year, that number has risen by only 1.8 percent" (para 6). "Corporate law in Germany stipulates that all public companies must have a management and a supervisory board. Half of the supervisory board members are chosen by employees. The other half are selected by shareholders. At 12.8 percent, the share of women on the employee-elected side of supervisory boards is slightly higher than on the shareholder-elected side, where ...more
Jan. 9, 2018, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In 2013, 82 percent of the female working-age population was part of the country’s labor force, compared to 94 percent of the male working-age population. Today, women represent only around 45 percent of the total labor force, and their income is lower than men’s" (para 3).