The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-2

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"The press and think tanks reported that while women were less likely than men to be assigned full-time jobs, they had more opportunity to work outside the socialist economy"(13)."A 2014 UN COI report noted that, despite the economic advancement of women, the state continued to discriminate against them and imposed many restrictions on the woman-dominated market"(18)
Nov. 9, 2017, 9:04 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Rep, Chad, Comoros, D R Congo, Djibouti, East Timor, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Women in LDCs are also more vulnerable to unemployment than men – 84.1% to 71.4%" (para 9). The 48 least developed countries (LCDs) according to the UN are: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Fast, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kirbati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).more
Nov. 7, 2017, 11 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Conservative traditions once meant it was not acceptable for Tajik women to work to earn a living, but the situation has changed. Huge numbers of Tajik men travel to Russia as labour migrants each year, leaving many jobs to be filled by women. Street cleaners are now mostly female, although there are a few men who join their ranks, either very young or elderly. The salary is small, but it makes a difference to the family budget"(para 4-5)
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The ministry [of Labor] is also seeking to increase women’s employment in the Palestinian labor market. Assaf said, 'According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, women’s participation in the labor market reached 19.1% in 2014 and increased to 19.4% in 2015. Unemployment among literate women reached 84% [in 2013], a figure that does not reflect Palestinian women’s ambition and their desire to join the job market.' She added, 'The service and agricultural sectors are considered the main fields employing women, and they constitute 62.9% and 13% [according to the abovementioned 2013 statistics], respectively, out of the total female workforce'"(para 5-6)."[Iman] Assaf blamed the spread of unemployment among women on ...more
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Internationally, the bill [raising maternity leave from 12 to 26 weeks for women in the formal sector] has been touted as a success for India, which has one of the world’s lowest female employment rates – 25% – and where mothers often feel under pressure to leave their jobs after having children"(para 6)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"Women carried a special burden on their shoulders during the republic’s two wars. Men fought on both sides, and for those who didn’t, it was dangerous to move through the republic’s numerous checkpoints. They could be arrested, abducted, tortured or killed. Women became the main breadwinners"(para 12)."Many Chechen women remain family breadwinners and still have to do all the housework, but since the war their social status has dramatically changed for the worse"(para 14)
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"'I used to see my husband as superior to me, but now I know we are equals,’ Jing Xiufang, the leader of a local grassroots women’s organization, said, 'and women have the right to pursue their own goals and work'"(para 1)
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"When the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, female employment in the East was near 90 percent; in the West it was 55 percent. Today, over 70 percent of German women work. But only 12 percent of those with children under 3 work full time" (para 28).
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-DATA-1

"As part of Women's Voices Program funded by UN Women- Fund for Gender Equality; the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights (ECWR) cooperated with Radio Sawt El Arab to launch the radio program titled 'She& Her Sisters'. This program aims to support the Egyptian women and discuss the issues that affect the society in general and women in particular such as the political empowerment for women and their participation in the local councils and the parliament, economic empowerment, the importance of the work for women and the extent of their participation in the labor force, women’s rights in Islam, in addition to the importance of acquiring the different soft skills such ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"'Girls who get married at a really young age are more at risk of sexual or domestic violence as well as miscarriages because their bodies are not really ready for giving birth yet. Also, girls who get married at an early age are not mentally ready to raise children and are less able to complete their education and find a job,' Omaima explained. Although it's illegal to get married under 18 in Jordan, the practice is increasingly common among Syrian refugees. In 2015, 35% of all Jordan marriages involved a minor, up from 18% in 2012, according to the Jordanian Higher Population Council, citing statistics from the Chief Islamic Justice ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3, DV-DATA-1

"'Girls who get married at a really young age are more at risk of sexual or domestic violence as well as miscarriages because their bodies are not really ready for giving birth yet. Also, girls who get married at an early age are not mentally ready to raise children and are less able to complete their education and find a job,' Omaima explained. Although it's illegal to get married under 18 in Jordan, the practice is increasingly common among Syrian refugees. In 2015, 35% of all Jordan marriages involved a minor, up from 18% in 2012, according to the Jordanian Higher Population Council, citing statistics from the Chief Islamic Justice ...more
Sept. 21, 2017, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-2

"[Attorney Shauna] Prewitt said it's important to keep in mind the impact that co-parenting would have on the mother, who always would be confronted with the trauma of her rape. 'It has a really negative affect on women. They're more likely to abuse alcohol; they may not be able to hold a job. ... All these kinds of issues might arise,' Prewitt said. 'It's more like suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. And when you have two parents who cannot co-parent ... you have a certain situation where one parent's rights have to fall away. In this circumstance, it should be the one who committed the bad act'"(para 40).The article estimates ...more
Sept. 15, 2017, 11:02 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to The Sentencing Project, nearly half of women in state prisons have not completed high school. Sixty percent were not employed full-time when they were arrested, and nearly 1/3 had been receiving some kind of welfare benefits prior to arrest"(para 7)
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The goal of the new program is to raise the number of women in the formal economy in the Solomon Islands, advancing women’s economic empowerment and growing GDP. Currently, approximately 60 percent of women who live in the Solomon Islands are employed, compared with 72 percent of men. Of those women in the workforce, 76 percent are in subsistence work. The ratio of men and women in the labor force in the Solomon Islands has remained relatively stagnant over the past decade, largely a product of gender inequalities in education, training, household responsibilities, and cultural attitudes about the role of women"(para 3)."According to the IFC’s Operations Officer for Gender, Sarah ...more
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

“Unemployment among women stands at 27 percent, compared with 20 percent for men” (para 11).
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

The Economically Active Population in 2005 was 51.4%. Women’s participation rate in economic activity was 37.2 percent, compared to men at 65.8 percent. (EAP: P1) During the nineties agriculture was decentralized upon being parceled out to large state farms. About 52 percent of land was given for free and indefinite use to corporate structures of the Ministries of Agriculture and Sugar, forming 1,480 Basic Units of Cooperative Production...The production is intended in part for self-support, another part is sold to the state, and the surplus is sold in the markets. UBPCs have represented a significant source of employment for women. 13.6 percent of people have joined the agricultural sphere of ...more
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Of the 6,000 imams who have been trained by NECDO, one is Mohammed Ehsan Saikal, the imam in Kabul who has kept his mosque open to women for 12 years. He has been working with Afghani during this time and often preaches about the importance of education for girls. 'I have three daughters, and all of them are highly educated and go to work,' he says. 'The best thing I have received from this organization is enlightenment and awareness'"(para 17)."Nargis Hamdard, age 20, is a female student at Mr. Saikal’s madrasa, which operates alongside his mosque. Her family used to be against education for women, but since she started coming ...more
Aug. 8, 2017, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The 30 grooms in the recent ceremony work in low-wage jobs, some as drivers, others as security guards or agricultural labourers.The brides are mainly unemployed and after their marriages most of the couples will live with families as they cannot afford their own homes"(para 12-13)
Aug. 7, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Since 2013, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has made increasing women’s labor force participation a core component of his economic growth plan. Known as 'womenomics,' research has suggested that this strategy could boost Japan’s GDP by 15 percent and help expand the country’s shrinking labor force.However, skeptics of Abe’s womenomics agenda have argued that women’s economic potential cannot be realized by policy changes alone. They contend that a transformation in cultural attitudes toward women must occur as well"(para 3-4)."According to one critic, for example, Japan’s 'gendered status quo' continues to 'allocate productive roles to men and reproductive roles to women.' Consequently, despite having one of the most liberal paid parental leave ...more
Aug. 4, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Half or more of our workforce is made of women but we are still not progressing at the same level as men" (para 4).
July 26, 2017, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees report 'Jordanian and Syrian Refugee Women’s Labour Force, 2016,' 81% of women in Jordan are unemployed. Among those employed, the rate stands at 20% for Jordanians and 6% for Syrian refugees" (para 6). "The Population and Housing Census conducted by the Department of Statistics in 2016 showed that the rate of Jordanian women in the labor market declined over the past 10 years. In 2016, they accounted for 13.4% of laborers, or a total of around 243,545, compared to 14.7% in 2007. The census also revealed that Jordanian women on average begin withdrawing from the labor market at the age of ...more
July 6, 2017, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The data appears to support the critics. The labor force participation rate among women ages fifteen to sixty-four has increased by just two percentage points – from 65 percent in 2013 to 67 percent in 2015 – since womenomics was introduced in Japan" (para 7).
July 5, 2017, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

¨The disparities that I am talking about are measurable, which means that they are very obvious. As of 2015, only 32% of Arab women were part of the labor force, as opposed to 72% of Jewish women. There can be no doubt that this is a dramatic difference. While it is true that there has been a steady increase in the number of Arab women employed since 1995, when it stood at only 19%, it is still not enough. When we remove ultra-Orthodox women from the equation, we find that the difference is enormous. Some 81% of non-ultra-Orthodox Jewish women are employed¨(para 7).¨Al-Monitor: Are gender differences also impacted by the ...more
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

Table 4.1 shows that the percent of businesses that are woman-owned in 2013 is 28.8% (125)
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-2

Table 2.5 shows the distribution of women and men across industries and gender earnings ratio in 2013. In the Health Care, Education, Leisure, and Other Services industry, women’s share of all workers is 61% and the gender earnings ratio is 74%. In the Wholesale and Retail Trade industry, women’s share of all workers is 47.6% and gender earnings ratio 77.1%. In the Government, women’s share of all workers is 54.1% and gender earnings ratio 83.3%. In the Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate industries, women’s share of all workers is 55.8% and gender earnings ratio 61.8%. In the Manufacturing industry, women’s share of all workers is 29.2% and gender earnings ratio ...more
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

In Table 2.1, it shows that as of 2015, the percent of all employed women in managerial or professional occupations is 39.9% (39)
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

In Table 2.1, it shows that as of 2015, the percent of women in the labor force is 58.6% (39)
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

Figure 3.8 shows the labor force participation rate of parents of children under six by gender and race/ethnicity in 2013. In general, 67.1% of mothers of children under six are in the labor force and 94.4% of fathers are in the labor force. 78.6% of Black mothers are in the labor force, and 90.3% of Black fathers. 68.4% of white mothers are in the labor force and 95% of white fathers are in the labor force. 64.2% of Native American mothers and 84% of Native American fathers are in the labor force. 60% of Asian/Pacific Islander mothers and 95.1% of Asian/Pacific Islander fathers are in the labor force. 59.2% of ...more
June 20, 2017, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Women made up 29.8 percent of the new directors [selected for the top company boards] named last year, up slightly from 29.2 percent in 2014, according to the board monitor, which tracks proxy filings, news releases and other corporate disclosures about board membership. Even as the percentage of new women directors has been rising each year, from 18 percent in 2009, the board monitor said it had revised downward a projection that women would reach parity with men in the number of new directors by 2024. It now predicts that women will make up 50 percent of new directors by 2026." (p 5-6)