The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-3

May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Divorced, separated, or widowed women (81%) are more likely to be employed than women who are currently married (71%) and those who have never been married (47%). Among men, those who are currently married or living together with a partner (99%) and those who are divorced, separated, or widowed (93%) are more likely to be employed than those who have never been married (69%)" (47). "Seventy-four percent of currently married women age 15-49 were employed in the 12 months before the survey, as compared with 99% of currently married men... The percentage of currently married women employed in the 12 months before the survey has increased slightly over time, from...more
May 12, 2020, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"The majority of ever-married women (86%) and 44% of men have never been employed. Fourteen percent of ever-married women and 55% of men are currently employed" (pg 33). "Thirteen percent of currently married women are employed, as compared with 27% of divorced, separated, and widowed women" (pg 37). "13% of currently married women age 15-49 and 85% of men age 15-49 were employed in the 7 days before the survey" (pg 233).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"Reflecting these laws and social norms, according to a 2010 study of gender in the labor market in Lebanon by the Lebanese Central Administration of Statistics and the World Bank, the employment rate for married women is 34 percent compared to 59 percent for unmarried women. Women only constitute 25 percent of the labor force in Lebanon" (97).
April 14, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"…most of currently married men age 15-54 (98%) were employed in the 12 months preceding the survey" (25). "Divorced, separated or widowed women are more likely to be employed than those who are currently married and those who have never been married. The percentage is 78% compared with 56% and 51%" (29). "Among women married or living together, clerical work is least popular. Only 6% of women married or living together are engaged in clerical work" (31). "Among women, the likelihood of working in agriculture increases with the number of living children. But employment in professional, technical, managerial, clerical, industrial and service jobs declines with an increase in the number...more
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Less than half (47%) of currently married women age 15-49 were employed in the 12 months before the survey, compared with 99% of currently married men age 15-49" (197). "Among married women, the percentage currently employed dips slightly at ages 30-39, but then rises again. Among married men, there is virtually no variation in the employment rate with age" (198).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"The female activity rate is strongly linked to family workload. For people, aged 25-54, the activity rate of women living alone is close to men’s (86.2 per cent versus 88.6 per cent), while the indicator decreases for women living in couples and even further, for mothers (60.2 per cent versus 93.3 per cent of fathers living in couples — Table 4.18). Consequently, the unemployment rate for women with family responsibility is higher (11.1 per cent), in couple with (+3.8 per cent from 2011) or without children (+3.4 per cent from 2011) than those who live alone (10.1 per cent =+4.4 per cent from 2011). Conversely, unemployment rate for men who...more
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women and men who are in a union (married or living together with a partner as though married) or divorced/separated/widowed women and men are more likely to be employed than those who have never been married or lived with a partner as though married" (38). "A higher proportion of in-union men (79%)were employed than in-union women (47%). In-union women and men who were employed predominantly received cash earnings (97% of women and more than 99% of men). Less than 1% of employed men and 2% of employed women were not paid. Among both in-union women and men, the percentage employed generally rises with age" (330).
Feb. 5, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"43% of currently married women age 15-49, and 91% of currently married men age 15-49 have been employed within the previous 12 months" (pg 269). "The proportion of currently married men employed in the past 12 months has declined from 97% in 2009-10 to 91% in 2016, while the proportion of currently married women employed in the past 12 months has remained unchanged in the same period (44% in 2009-10, 43% in 2016)" (pg 270). (Older women are more likely than younger women to be employed and to be paid for their work (MM - CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 8, 2019, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"What makes the story all the more powerful is that Major T. is also married and the mother of two young daughters. This proves that a woman can be a successful pilot without giving up a chance to fulfill herself by having a family and becoming a mother" (para 8).
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"More than half of currently married women age 15-49 (55 percent) are employed compared with 9 in 10 (90 percent) of currently married men" (295).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women are more likely to work if they are divorced, separated, or widowed than if they are married (21% versus 11%). There is no relation between men’s marital status and employment (Table 3.5.1 and Table 3.5.2)" (34). "Only 13% of currently married women are employed as compared with 97% of currently married men" (251).
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Most currently married women (84%) and almost all currently married men (99%) age 15-49 were employed in the 12 months beforee the survey" (275).
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Currently married or divorced, separated, or widowed women and men are more likely to be employed compared with those who have never married" (34). "Almost all married men reported being employed in the12 months before the survey (98%), which is significantly more than married women (72%)" (251).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Forty-two percent of currently married women are employed, up from 36 percent at the time of the 2010 ADHS. Currently married men are more than twice as likely as currently married women to be employed (89 percent)" (229).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"58% of currently married women age 15-49 were employed in the 12 months before the survey" (201). "Employment among currently married women generally increases with age; 29% of those age 15-19 were employed in the 12 months preceding the survey, as compared with 70% of those age 40-44 and 67% of those age 45-49 (Figure 14.1)" (202).
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Among women age 15-49, the proportion currently employed is higher among those formerly married (divorced, separated, or widowed) than among those currently married or in consensual union (53% versus 42%). Among men the pattern is reversed: 73% of married men are employed compared with 54% of those formerly married" (33). "Nearly half (45%) of currently married women age 15-59 and almost three-quarters (73%) of currently married men in the same age range were employed at any time during the past 12 months" (253).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women continued to experience a pay gap, and a higher percentage of women filled lower-paying, low-skilled, contract jobs. Women often faced difficulties returning to the workforce after childbirth" (27).
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women who are currently married or who were previously married are more likely to be employed than those who have never been married. Half of women who are divorced, separated, or widowed (51%) are currently working, as compared with one-quarter of married women (24%) and 19% of never married women" (32). "Only a minority (25%) of currently married women age 15-49 in Tajikistan are employed. Among those employed, 74% are paid in cash only and 10% are paid both in cash and in-kind. Thirteen percent of currently married women who are employed are not paid at all (Table 15.1)" (232).
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Despite representing a majority of total workers, women were generally underrepresented in supervisory and management positions and generally earned less than their male counterparts, even when performing similar functions" (38).
Nov. 9, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"A report published this week by the General Authority for Statistics said that the number of divorces among women who held jobs was 72,895 while the figure among women who did not work was 14,856, indicating that working women were more likely to be divorced than non-working wives" (para 2).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"By matrimonial status, results indicate that women who are divorced/separated (47%) and those in a union (49%) are proportionally more likely to have worked in the twelve months preceding the survey than single women (28%). The number of children equally influences the activity of women: as the number of children increases, the proportion of working women also increases, from 33% when women have no children to 52% when they have 5 or more . . . . Marital status also influences the level of economic activity of men. The proportion of economically active men during the 12 previous months varied from 91% among those in union, to 84% among those...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3, MULV-DATA-1

“The large majority of mothers are in the workforce, including 62 percent of mothers who gave birth within the last 12 months” (95)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

“During the past four decades, the labor force participation rate for mothers of children under six has more than doubled, from just under a third (32.1 percent) in 1970 to just over two thirds (67.1 percent) in 2013. During the same period, the labor force participation rate of fathers hardly changed at all, falling from 97.9 percent in 1970 to 94.4 percent in 2013. Trends in the allocation of time between paid work, child care, and housework between 1975 and 2011 show that both mothers and fathers of young children now spend more time on these three activities combined than they did forty years ago (Figure 3.7). Yet, while mothers...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

“Seventy-nine percent of black mothers of children under the age of six are in the workforce, more than ten percentage points higher than the rate for all women (67.1 percent; Figure 3.8). Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander women have the lowest rates (at 59.2 and 60.0 percent respectively). Fathers are more likely to be in the workforce than mothers among all of the major racial and ethnic groups, and there is less variation among groups. Asian/ Pacific Islanders and white men have the highest rates (95.1 and 95.0 percent respectively), and Native American fathers have the lowest rate (84 percent). The gap in parents’ labor force participation rates is smallest for...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

“[There is] discrimination against women in the labour market on the basis of marital status and maternity” (10)
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"More than 8 in 10 currently married women age 15-49 and virtually all currently married men age 15-49 reported being employed in the 12 months before the survey (Table 15.1) . . . The percentage of employed married women was 89% in the 2010 TDHS and declined slightly to 84% in the 2015-16 TDHS-MIS." (page 326).
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women are more likely to work if they are divorced, separated or widowed (89%) than if they are married (78%)" See Table 3.6.1 (page 55, 69-72).
March 7, 2018, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"In Germany, 75 percent of women with two children work" (para 9).
March 7, 2018, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"One in four Italian women do not return to work after giving birth" (para 8). "In Germany, 75 percent of women with two children work. In Italy, the figure is 54 percent" (para 9).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"In 2000-2012 the proportion of children whose mother works full time increased by 7 percentage points, even though it is still more common for the children’s father to work full time. Between 2000 and 2012 the proportion of children with a mother in paid work increased by 3 percentage points, from 79 to 82 per cent. For fathers the corresponding increase was from 90 to 92 per cent" (page 52).