The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-3

Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"The female activity rate is strongly linked to family workload. For people, aged 25-54, the activity rate of women living alone is close to men’s (86.2 per cent versus 88.6 per cent), while the indicator decreases for women living in couples and even further, for mothers (60.2 per cent versus 93.3 per cent of fathers living in couples — Table 4.18). Consequently, the unemployment rate for women with family responsibility is higher (11.1 per cent), in couple with (+3.8 per cent from 2011) or without children (+3.4 per cent from 2011) than those who live alone (10.1 per cent =+4.4 per cent from 2011). Conversely, unemployment rate for men who...more
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women and men who are in a union (married or living together with a partner as though married) or divorced/separated/widowed women and men are more likely to be employed than those who have never been married or lived with a partner as though married" (38). "A higher proportion of in-union men (79%)were employed than in-union women (47%). In-union women and men who were employed predominantly received cash earnings (97% of women and more than 99% of men). Less than 1% of employed men and 2% of employed women were not paid. Among both in-union women and men, the percentage employed generally rises with age" (330).
Feb. 5, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"43% of currently married women age 15-49, and 91% of currently married men age 15-49 have been employed within the previous 12 months" (pg 269). "The proportion of currently married men employed in the past 12 months has declined from 97% in 2009-10 to 91% in 2016, while the proportion of currently married women employed in the past 12 months has remained unchanged in the same period (44% in 2009-10, 43% in 2016)" (pg 270). (Older women are more likely than younger women to be employed and to be paid for their work (MM - CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 8, 2019, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"What makes the story all the more powerful is that Major T. is also married and the mother of two young daughters. This proves that a woman can be a successful pilot without giving up a chance to fulfill herself by having a family and becoming a mother" (para 8).
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"More than half of currently married women age 15-49 (55 percent) are employed compared with 9 in 10 (90 percent) of currently married men" (295).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women are more likely to work if they are divorced, separated, or widowed than if they are married (21% versus 11%). There is no relation between men’s marital status and employment (Table 3.5.1 and Table 3.5.2)" (34). "Only 13% of currently married women are employed as compared with 97% of currently married men" (251).
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Most currently married women (84%) and almost all currently married men (99%) age 15-49 were employed in the 12 months beforee the survey" (275).
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Currently married or divorced, separated, or widowed women and men are more likely to be employed compared with those who have never married" (34). "Almost all married men reported being employed in the12 months before the survey (98%), which is significantly more than married women (72%)" (251).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Forty-two percent of currently married women are employed, up from 36 percent at the time of the 2010 ADHS. Currently married men are more than twice as likely as currently married women to be employed (89 percent)" (229).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"58% of currently married women age 15-49 were employed in the 12 months before the survey" (201). "Employment among currently married women generally increases with age; 29% of those age 15-19 were employed in the 12 months preceding the survey, as compared with 70% of those age 40-44 and 67% of those age 45-49 (Figure 14.1)" (202).
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Among women age 15-49, the proportion currently employed is higher among those formerly married (divorced, separated, or widowed) than among those currently married or in consensual union (53% versus 42%). Among men the pattern is reversed: 73% of married men are employed compared with 54% of those formerly married" (33). "Nearly half (45%) of currently married women age 15-59 and almost three-quarters (73%) of currently married men in the same age range were employed at any time during the past 12 months" (253).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women continued to experience a pay gap, and a higher percentage of women filled lower-paying, low-skilled, contract jobs. Women often faced difficulties returning to the workforce after childbirth" (27).
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women who are currently married or who were previously married are more likely to be employed than those who have never been married. Half of women who are divorced, separated, or widowed (51%) are currently working, as compared with one-quarter of married women (24%) and 19% of never married women" (32). "Only a minority (25%) of currently married women age 15-49 in Tajikistan are employed. Among those employed, 74% are paid in cash only and 10% are paid both in cash and in-kind. Thirteen percent of currently married women who are employed are not paid at all (Table 15.1)" (232).
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Despite representing a majority of total workers, women were generally underrepresented in supervisory and management positions and generally earned less than their male counterparts, even when performing similar functions" (38).
Nov. 9, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"A report published this week by the General Authority for Statistics said that the number of divorces among women who held jobs was 72,895 while the figure among women who did not work was 14,856, indicating that working women were more likely to be divorced than non-working wives" (para 2).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"By matrimonial status, results indicate that women who are divorced/separated (47%) and those in a union (49%) are proportionally more likely to have worked in the twelve months preceding the survey than single women (28%). The number of children equally influences the activity of women: as the number of children increases, the proportion of working women also increases, from 33% when women have no children to 52% when they have 5 or more . . . . Marital status also influences the level of economic activity of men. The proportion of economically active men during the 12 previous months varied from 91% among those in union, to 84% among those...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3, MULV-DATA-1

“The large majority of mothers are in the workforce, including 62 percent of mothers who gave birth within the last 12 months” (95)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

“During the past four decades, the labor force participation rate for mothers of children under six has more than doubled, from just under a third (32.1 percent) in 1970 to just over two thirds (67.1 percent) in 2013. During the same period, the labor force participation rate of fathers hardly changed at all, falling from 97.9 percent in 1970 to 94.4 percent in 2013. Trends in the allocation of time between paid work, child care, and housework between 1975 and 2011 show that both mothers and fathers of young children now spend more time on these three activities combined than they did forty years ago (Figure 3.7). Yet, while mothers...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

“Seventy-nine percent of black mothers of children under the age of six are in the workforce, more than ten percentage points higher than the rate for all women (67.1 percent; Figure 3.8). Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander women have the lowest rates (at 59.2 and 60.0 percent respectively). Fathers are more likely to be in the workforce than mothers among all of the major racial and ethnic groups, and there is less variation among groups. Asian/ Pacific Islanders and white men have the highest rates (95.1 and 95.0 percent respectively), and Native American fathers have the lowest rate (84 percent). The gap in parents’ labor force participation rates is smallest for...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

“[There is] discrimination against women in the labour market on the basis of marital status and maternity” (10)
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"More than 8 in 10 currently married women age 15-49 and virtually all currently married men age 15-49 reported being employed in the 12 months before the survey (Table 15.1) . . . The percentage of employed married women was 89% in the 2010 TDHS and declined slightly to 84% in the 2015-16 TDHS-MIS." (page 326).
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women are more likely to work if they are divorced, separated or widowed (89%) than if they are married (78%)" See Table 3.6.1 (page 55, 69-72).
March 7, 2018, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"In Germany, 75 percent of women with two children work" (para 9).
March 7, 2018, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"One in four Italian women do not return to work after giving birth" (para 8). "In Germany, 75 percent of women with two children work. In Italy, the figure is 54 percent" (para 9).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"In 2000-2012 the proportion of children whose mother works full time increased by 7 percentage points, even though it is still more common for the children’s father to work full time. Between 2000 and 2012 the proportion of children with a mother in paid work increased by 3 percentage points, from 79 to 82 per cent. For fathers the corresponding increase was from 90 to 92 per cent" (page 52).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Women are more likely to work if they are divorced, separated, or widowed than if they are married (78% versus 64%), but the reverse is true for men (87% versus 97%). Never-married men are less likely to be employed than ever-married men" (30).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-2

"Despite a lack of statistics, the Ombudsman’s Office shared anecdotal information of a perceived increase in recently hired women who were fired once their pregnancies were known. Although an illegal practice, many potential employers requested pregnancy tests"(18)
Dec. 5, 2017, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3, CL-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Of the MGNREGA [National Rural Employment Guarantee Act], it has been reported that despite incorporation of a provision which 'in the event that there are at least five children under the age of 6 at the worksite, one of the female workers should be deputed to look after them and she should be paid the same wage as other NREGA workers,' most women joining the program are discouraged from bringing children to work. A social audit on the implementation of the MGNREGA revealed that 70% of the women interviewed had no access to child-care services at the worksite, and 65% of them were unaware of this guaranteed right (Nayaranan 2008,...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3, CL-DATA-1

"Women commonly face difficulties in reconciling responsibilities in the care economy—particularly the minding and educating of children of pre-school age—and employment on farms. In addition to modes of remuneration, the unavailability of public child-care services combined with poor transportation services may lead women to bring children with them to work on plantations. This has been documented in the horticultural sector in Punjab (Gill 2001), and in informal settlements established near plantations during the working season in South Africa (Barrientos, Dolan, and Tallontire 2003)"(47)
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-3, MULV-DATA-1

"Only 38 percent of women remain in their jobs after having a baby, according to the OECD, due to heavy social expectations placed on mothers and a dearth of child-care centers" (para 8).