The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-5

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"The press and think tanks reported that while women were less likely than men to be assigned full-time jobs, they had more opportunity to work outside the socialist economy"(13)."A 2014 UN COI report noted that, despite the economic advancement of women, the state continued to discriminate against them and imposed many restrictions on the woman-dominated market"(18)
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"She [Iman Assaf] added, 'The service and agricultural sectors are considered the main fields employing women, and they constitute 62.9% and 13% [according to the abovementioned 2013 statistics], respectively, out of the total female workforce'"(para 6)."PGFTU [Palestinian General Federation of Trade Unions] Secretary Hussein al-Faqhaa told Al-Monitor that the official figures and the field visits of the federation to companies indicate that employed women in Palestine face many violations related to their salary and working hours. Therefore, the guideline was essential to raise awareness of their rights, especially for women working in the agricultural sector, which often lacks professional safety and health standards"(para 14)
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Campaigners brand maternity bill elitist over failure to include women working in India’s informal sector, who represent 95% of female workforce"(para 1)."According to women’s groups, the new rules – which raise maternity leave from 12 to 26 weeks, putting India ahead of France and the US – will apply only to a small fraction of the female workforce.'It’s as if, for the government, 95% of India’s women don’t even exist,' said Juin Dutta, from Paatshala, a group helping impoverished female handicraft workers. She pointed out that the extension will only apply to women in the formal sector, which amounts to just 5% of India’s working women"(para 2-3)."'In the informal sector, ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Rani Maya Shrestha was working on a neighbor’s potato farm when the first of Nepal’s two massive earthquakes struck last year"(para 1)."The frail looking 45-year-old woman [widow] has no documents to prove her rights to her husband’s property in the ancient town of Sankhu. She survives on around 75 cents a day from knitting mufflers and woolen caps"(para 3)
Oct. 17, 2017, 6:57 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Among street vendors in the five cities, men have significantly higher levels of education than women. While nearly one quarter of all women in the sample have no schooling at all, less than 1 per cent of men have no school at all; and more than half (56 per cent) of women have primary education or less, while one quarter of men have primary or less" (11). The survey was conducted in Accra Ghana, Ahmedabad, India, Durban, South Africa, Lima, Peru and Nakuru, Kenya (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "Overall, women are nearly twice as likely as men to sell produce, and men are nearly twice as likely as women to ...more
Oct. 17, 2017, 6:57 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Among street vendors in the five cities, men have significantly higher levels of education than women. While nearly one quarter of all women in the sample have no schooling at all, less than 1 per cent of men have no school at all; and more than half (56 per cent) of women have primary education or less, while one quarter of men have primary or less" (11). The survey was conducted in Accra Ghana, Ahmedabad, India, Durban, South Africa, Lima, Peru and Nakuru, Kenya (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "Overall, women are nearly twice as likely as men to sell produce, and men are nearly twice as likely as women to ...more
Oct. 17, 2017, 6:57 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Among street vendors in the five cities, men have significantly higher levels of education than women. While nearly one quarter of all women in the sample have no schooling at all, less than 1 per cent of men have no school at all; and more than half (56 per cent) of women have primary education or less, while one quarter of men have primary or less" (11). The survey was conducted in Accra Ghana, Ahmedabad, India, Durban, South Africa, Lima, Peru and Nakuru, Kenya (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "Overall, women are nearly twice as likely as men to sell produce, and men are nearly twice as likely as women to ...more
Oct. 17, 2017, 6:57 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Among street vendors in the five cities, men have significantly higher levels of education than women. While nearly one quarter of all women in the sample have no schooling at all, less than 1 per cent of men have no school at all; and more than half (56 per cent) of women have primary education or less, while one quarter of men have primary or less" (11). The survey was conducted in Accra Ghana, Ahmedabad, India, Durban, South Africa, Lima, Peru and Nakuru, Kenya (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "Overall, women are nearly twice as likely as men to sell produce, and men are nearly twice as likely as women to ...more
Oct. 17, 2017, 6:57 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Among street vendors in the five cities, men have significantly higher levels of education than women. While nearly one quarter of all women in the sample have no schooling at all, less than 1 per cent of men have no school at all; and more than half (56 per cent) of women have primary education or less, while one quarter of men have primary or less. Education levels are especially low in Ahmedabad, where 60 per cent of the all-female sample has never been to school" (11). The survey was conducted in Accra Ghana, Ahmedabad, India, Durban, South Africa, Lima, Peru and Nakuru, Kenya (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "Overall, women ...more
Sept. 21, 2017, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Women are playing an important part in driving the growth of e-commerce in China, according to a report released by AliResearch, an affiliate of Alibaba Group Holding Ltd"(para 1)."The report showed that the number of women who shopped on Taobao, one of the largest online platforms in China, was more than 200 million. It also found that nearly 6 million women have established their own Taobao shops and 49.4 percent of these women are the owners of their online business"(para 3)."During the first half of 2016, the percentage of women and men who established businesses online was equal. At the same time, the transaction scale for men was nearly seven ...more
Sept. 16, 2017, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Lidia Romero, 43, is an indigenous Bolivian woman who has been working in the construction sector for three years. At the beginning, she was employed through informal contractors. This experience marked her in a negative way. 'They made me work for free, without pay. At that time, I decided to consider my job as a practice. But if I had known my rights at work then, I would have been able to complain, but this was not the case. That's why I decided to work on my own account,' she said" (para 1-2).
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The goal of the new program is to raise the number of women in the formal economy in the Solomon Islands, advancing women’s economic empowerment and growing GDP"(para 3)."According to the IFC’s Operations Officer for Gender, Sarah Twigg, 'only 9 percent of women hold a formal wage paying job in the Solomon Islands. There is significant evidence that closing the gender gap in employment could increase productivity in the region by 13 – 25 percent'"(para 4)."According to the World Health Organization, 64 percent of women aged fifteen to forty-nine experienced violence from a partner, and 37 percent of women were subject to sexual abuse before age fifteen. Violence against women ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-4, ERBG-DATA-5

"Perhaps not surprisingly then, 68 percent of mothers in Japan quit their jobs upon marriage or childbirth. Among the women that do remain economically active, the majority seek part-time or irregular employment"(para 5)
June 6, 2017, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"These women often prepare food like this prawn pickle paste which they sell at the market. It’s a small scale business but their efforts are generating a reliable wage for more than 100 widows with few options" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 6:38 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Women also obtained employment more frequently in the informal sector, where pay was generally lower and benefits nonexistent" (17).
March 9, 2017, 1:16 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-5

"Most aid distribution has stopped and very few jobs are available. Women and girls report that their only option is to sell their bodies to survive. Even for women who have been able to find work in the informal sector, such as cleaning houses, the income generated is frequently not enough to provide for themselves and their families" (13).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-5

"While the dry spell has been hard on everyone, it has placed a particularly heavy burden on women, for both economic and cultural reasons. This is in part because of the way work is divided in small agricultural communities in much of the region. When crops fail, men often leave home to search for work, leaving women alone with their children for weeks or even months at a time. That can have a ripple effect on women's and their children's lives" (para 2-3).
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The concentration of women in the informal labour market (84 per cent in rural areas and 63 per cent in urban areas) without social and legal protection and the absence of measures to facilitate their integration into the formal labour market;" (9)
Dec. 16, 2016, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The SADC study found women owned and operated the majority of informal sector businesses, but the proportion of women in salaried formal employment was lower than that of men" (15-16).
Dec. 5, 2016, 12:16 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Most women in urban areas worked in the informal economy and the services and trade sectors, including domestic service and microbusinesses, whereas in rural areas the majority of economically active women worked in agriculture" (24).
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"An increasing trend in the share of self-employed women and men has been recorded in recent years. In 2007, the share of self-employed among the active working population was 11.5 per cent, while in 2012, it was 12.2 per cent. In 2012, the share of women in self-employed was 29.8 per cent, which was slightly more than in 2007 when it was 28.1 per cent" (38)
Oct. 12, 2016, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"ALVF, a UNFPA partner, teaches girls like Faouzia income-generating skills, which helps them secure their independence… Today, Faouzia is learning tailoring. 'Now, I can sew dresses and earn my own money,' she said" (para 18-20).
July 14, 2016, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The law regulating labour in Rwanda defines the worker as ‘any person who commits him/herself to put his/her professional activity in return for payment under the direction and authority of another physical or moral public or private person’. This definition includes the labourers in the informal sector and most women are employed in the informal sector; in this way they are provided for by the labour law" (19)
July 14, 2016, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"In order to pay particular attention to the conditions of women workers in the informal sector, in particular in agriculture, the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources adopted the Agriculture Gender Strategy in November 2010...A gender Analysis in the Agriculture Sector was conducted to identify the gaps, challenges and opportunities in all agricultural programmes. It was found that while agriculture development efforts by MINAGRI and its partners are contributing to food security and wider livelihoods needs, the benefits are limited by some conditions still existing in the sector and practices, one of which relates to gender disparities" (18)
June 27, 2016, 9:53 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The number of male and female workers in the non-formal sector is relatively equal. The ratio was 1 female workers to 1.2 male workers (Table 21). However, the majority of workers in the non-formal sector were home workers, which females formed 76.6%, while 23.3% were male. At present, non-formal workers have access to health-care benefits provided by the State through the universal health coverage scheme, including home-based and sub-contract workers. Registration of sub-contract workers has been carried out to ensure protection and provision of assistance such as skill development and low interest loan In addition, the Home Workers Protection Act B.E. 2553 (2010) has been implemented. Key provisions of the ...more
June 20, 2016, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Another measure to support entrepreneurship is the program of DOLE called Kabuhayan (livelihood) Program, a capacity building facility and entrepreneurial ventures for workers in the informal economy and vulnerable groups of workers such as women, youth, parents of child labourers, indigenous people, persons with disabilities. From 2009-2013, 413,513 workers in the informal economy have benefited from the program, 27% (112,026) of them women" (24).
May 31, 2016, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"In particular, backyard poultry farming is increasingly becoming popular especially among poor rural women as an easy and convenient means to increasing household income" (37).
May 25, 2016, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The proportion of women’s non-agricultural employment that is informal in the seven countries ranges from a low of 18 per cent in the Republic of Moldova to a high of 89 per cent in Mali...Further, in all of them except the Republic of Moldova informal employment is a greater source of employment for women than for men...The relatively low rates of informal employment in the Republic of Moldova reflect the legacy of a centrally planned economy where informal activities were considered illegal and even forbidden...For example, if agriculture were included, the proportion of women’s employment that is informal in the Republic of Moldova would rise to 38 per cent...Generally, women’s ...more
May 25, 2016, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Generally, women’s informal jobs are more likely to be in the informal sector than outside of it. The exception again is the Republic of Moldova and, in addition, South Africa...The low rates in South Africa in part reflect the history of apartheid with its prohibition of black-owned businesses" (89).
May 25, 2016, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"It is noteworthy that in India and Mali nearly 90 per cent of women employed in non-agriculture are in informal employment with over 70 per cent in the informal sector. In India, these women are in jobs such as street vendors, garment makers in informal enterprises in the home and construction workers" (89).