The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-DATA-5

Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"It aims to promote women’s entrepreneurship by facilitating access to credit for women-owned businesses. The initial 10-million-Euro budget of the Section, financed by DEO, was increased by further 20 million euros, by Law-Decree 145/2013, converted with amendments into Act 9/2014 (the so-called “Destination-Italy Plan”). Therefore, it currently amounts to 30 million euros, 50 per cent of which is destined to female business start-up. The endowment of the Section allows benefits granting as: direct guarantee, co guarantee; and countersecurity. It covers financial transactions for businesses with a majority female ownership. In December 2014, DEO, the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Economy signed the additional Act to extend this...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Among those who are employed, 32% of women are in agriculture" (pg 33). "Seventy-four percent of women who work in agriculture are unpaid and 51% work on a seasonal basis" (pg 33). "The percentage of women employed in agriculture has fallen from 61% to 32%, while the percentage employed in domestic service has increased from 4% to 18% since 2009-10" (pg 33).
Dec. 14, 2019, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Ever since Japan's speculative stock and property bubble burst in the early 1990s, wages have flatlined. The long-held social compact between employers and workers-- in which few people were ever laid off and employees were guaranteed lifelong employment-- has diminished. About one-fifth of men are now consigned to irregular contract jobs that offer little stability or potential for advancement" (para 31).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The number of female entrepreneurs keeps growing, now accounting for one quarter of the total number of entrepreneurs in China. The government has initiated an action plan to promote entrepreneurship and innovation among women, encouraging women to seek employment in emerging industries. About 55 percent of new Internet businesses are being founded by women" (para. 14). "The state protects the rights and interests of rural women in relation to land. China is a large agricultural country, and women living in rural areas account for about 70 percent of the total agricultural labor force. While forging ahead with deeper all-round reform and promoting village-level self-government in rural areas, the state has...more
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Women mostly worked in the informal sector and did not have access to benefits or social security" (26).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"A 2010 survey, the most recent data available, reported that 1.9 million people were employed as domestic workers, with nearly 85 percent being women and girls as young as 15" (39).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"33 percent of entrepreneurs were female" (p. 15).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Very few women (3 per cent in 2012) are employed in the formal sector and covered by social protection and that women are concentrated in low-paid domestic work, where they are often exploited, exposed to precarious working conditions and subject to abuse by their employers" (10).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"A large income gap remained between formal and informal employment, with workers in nonagricultural sectors earning an average of three times more than those in the agricultural sector. According to government statistics, 55 percent of the labor force worked in the informal economy, with limited protection under labor laws and the social security system" (page 41).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The percentage of women who are self-employed or work for themselves without wages was 54 per cent in 2014, a slight increase from 52 per cent in 2009, and higher than men (45 per cent)" (42).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"...low participation rate of women in the formal economy" (9). "Women domestic workers in the State party are subjected to violence, abuse, food deprivation and murder... such crimes go unreported and that the victims have limited access to justice and redress" (10).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"According to labor force survey data, informal employment represented 22.1 percent of total employment in the second quarter of the year. Independent estimates suggested the informal sector may represent up to 30 percent of the economy" (page 33-34).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"Women represent 52 percent of the population, but they perform 90 percent of domestic work and 85 percent of agricultural work" (page 24).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The Committee is also concerned that the majority of women employed in the informal sector do not have access to the national social security system, social protection or compensation programmes" (13).
June 17, 2019, 1:34 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Using an employment-based definition of informal work, the number of persons in non-agricultural informal employment in South Africa was estimated at 3.96 million in 2005 but fell to 3.65 million in 2007. As a share of total non-agricultural employment, informal employment declined from 34 per cent in 2005 to 30 per cent in 2007" (6). "There is an approximately equal number of men and women in the informal economy, but informal employment contributes a larger share to total employment among women than among men. In metro areas, women in informal employment are more likely than their male counterparts to be wage employees, but the converse applies in non-metro areas" (6)....more
May 21, 2019, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"In 2016 women made up 44 percent of the nonagricultural workforce" (p. 22).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"According to the Asian Development Bank, approximately 30 percent of the economically active female population engaged in the formal economy, and a large number of these women worked in semisubsistence farming or were self- employed" (23).
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine

"Women working as domestic workers were vulnerable to forced labor conditions in both the West Bank and Gaza, since the PA and de facto Hamas authorities do not regulate domestic labor within households or in the large informal sector" (115).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Share of the grey economy in the gross domestic product reaches a level of around 30 per cent. Labour market surveys regularly point to the lack of official statistics on unemployment, and the reason indicated is a significant employment rate in the informal economy in which women are also represented (...) One of the measures that contributes to the implementation of Recommendation 34 (d) UN CEDAW/C/BIH/CO/4-5 is the Proposal for a decision on the cancellation of the Convention on Underground Work for Women, No. 45 from 1935 of the ILO, in order to harmonize this area with the European Social Charter. CoM BiH established this proposal for the decision in...more
April 5, 2019, 6:49 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Sixty percent of women worked in the informal sector and thus were not protected by formal-sector labor laws, which afford maternity benefits, breast-feeding hours, permission to work fewer hours, and more holidays than their male counterparts" (p. 30 - 31).
April 5, 2019, 6:49 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"During the year UN Women reported that six of every 10 women were engaged in informal economic activity and on average earned 19 percent less than their male counterparts. Those working part-time and hourly jobs did not have these protections" (p. 31).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Nevertheless, women had significantly lower levels of literacy, education, and formal and nontraditional employment opportunities, as well as lower rates of access to resources for farming" (para 92). "Many boys worked as vendors, and young girls in urban areas often worked outside of their families as domestic servants, receiving low or no wages" (para 131). "Despite the law against discrimination based on gender or marital status, discrimination against women was pervasive, and women did not have opportunities equal to those available to men. Women had significantly lower levels of literacy, education, and formal and nontraditional employment opportunities. Few women participated in the limited formal labor market, and those that did...more
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Many vulnerable workers were employed in the informal economy. In 2012 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences researchers estimated the prevalence of informal employment ranged from 20 percent to 37 percent overall, based on the definition used, with between 45 percent and 65 percent of migrants employed in the informal sector. UN experts reported that women were particularly active in the informal economy, often as domestic workers or petty entrepreneurs. Workers in the informal sector often lacked coverage under labor contracts, and even with contracts, migrant workers in particular had less access to benefits, especially social insurance. Workers in the informal sector worked longer hours and earned one-half to two-thirds as...more
March 28, 2019, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"According to government statistics, 567,982 workers (33 percent of whom were female) were self-employed at the end of June, a 5 percent increase from 2016" (p. 28).
March 18, 2019, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"In 2016 the NGO Committee against Modern Slavery assisted 167 victims of forced labor, including 125 women" (p. 26).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The majority of the working population labored in the informal sector, primarily in subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry. According to the General Confederation of Workers of Mauritania, only 25 percent of workers filled positions with regular pay" (page 31).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar, Qatar
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5, LR-DATA-1

"The report shows a rise in the adult literacy rate for both sexes, from 96.7 per cent in the 2015 report to 97.8 per cent in the 2016 report" (8).
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"One in three employed women work in agriculture" (29).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"It nevertheless remains concerned about: (b) The high unemployment and self-employment rates among women, the overrepresentation of women in the informal sector and the limited social protection schemes for women working in that sector" (9) Data is not included (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The UN Development Program’s 2013 Human Development and Social Security study concluded that 81.3 percent of the labor force (2,371,000) worked in informal jobs and did not enjoy retirement or health benefits. According to a 2013 survey conducted by the DGEEC, there were 107,245 domestic workers, most of them women" (page 37).