The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-1

Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
March 10, 2017, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Taiwan passed the Gender Equality in Employment Act in 2002" (para 9).
March 1, 2017, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits women working underground in mines, but places no other legal limitations on the employment of women" (27).
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Pensions Act, in 2013, which equalizes the retirement age of men and women" (2)
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the progress that the State party has made in increasing wages in sectors of employment where women are concentrated, and through the adoption of the Pensions Act in June 2013, which equalizes the retirement age of women and men" (8)
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"When word spread that he had agreed to send [his daughters] Prabhati and Shashi [to receive training and work in a factory], the village elders convened emergency meetings to determine whether this violated “purdah,” or separation between the sexes, and whether this would damage the marriage prospects of their own daughters" (para 24)
Jan. 30, 2017, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon, Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"In countries such as Cameroon and Guinea, husbands have control over the jobs that their wives are allowed to do, since a man can ban his wife from having a different trade or profession from him" (para 16).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Not long ago, Attar’s story would have seemed impossible in Saudi Arabia. This is a country, after all, where until recently women had access to only a few professions, such as nursing and teaching. A series of reforms begun under former King Abdullah has changed all that, allowing females to take up a range of jobs, from sales to services to administration. As more and more professions have opened to women, female entrepreneurs and businesswomen like Attar have seized every opportunity, no matter how small. Today, women can be found running shops and businesses, tech firms and start-ups" (para 4).
Jan. 18, 2017, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1

"For example, the law allows a husband to deny his wife the ability to work outside the home, and a husband may also forbid his wife to engage in commercial activity by notifying the clerk of the commerce tribunal" (32).
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2

“Pregnant women or women who have recently given birth may not be required to work overtime without their consent” (52).
Jan. 3, 2017, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, sex, gender, disability, and sexual orientation or gender identity. Discrimination against individuals who are HIV-positive or suffer from other communicable diseases is also prohibited. The government generally enforced these laws and regulations, although discrimination in employment continued to occur with respect to Afro-Brazilians, women, persons with disabilities, indigenous persons, and transgender individuals” (26).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, or HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases (see section 6). The government effectively enforced these laws” (15, 16).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“Labor laws and regulations prohibit employment discrimination regarding race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, and language. The government effectively enforced these laws and regulations. The law does not explicitly prohibit employment discrimination based on social status, HIV-positive status, or other communicable diseases” (14).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“The law prohibits employment of children under the age of 16. There are specific restrictions on employment in hazardous or unhealthy occupations for boys under the age of 18 and girls and women under the age of 21” (20). “The law prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases. The law requires equal pay for equal work. The government effectively enforced the law by imposing fines sufficient to deter violations” (21).
Dec. 29, 2016, 8:05 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Article 328 [of Guinea’s Civil Code]: A wife can have a separate profession from that of her husband unless he objects. If the husband's opposition is not justified by the interests of the family, the woman may be authorized by way of law to override it, in which case commitments made by her since the objection are valid. The commitments made by a wife in the exercise of this profession are, with regards to the husband, void if the third parties with whom she is contracted have personal knowledge of the objection at the time they deal with the wife" (para 2)
Dec. 23, 2016, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Section 59 [of China's 1994 Labour Act]. It is prohibited to arrange female workers to engage in work down the pit of mines, or work with grade IV physical labour intensity as stipulated by the State, or other work that female workers should avoid" (para 2)
Dec. 23, 2016, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Article 74 [of Cameroon's The Civil Status Registration]. (1) A married woman may exercise a trade different from her husband. (2) The husband may object to the exercise of such a trade in the interest of the marriage or their children. (3) The President of the Court with jurisdiction shall decide by order on such an objection by the husband within ten days of being seized of the matter. His decision shall be rendered free of charge and shall be taken only after the parties have been heard" (para 2-4)
Dec. 21, 2016, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Ministries of Labor and Health maintain an official list of jobs prohibited to women"(72)
Dec. 5, 2016, 12:16 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-1

"The laws also set a 40-hour workweek for women, prohibit women from working at night, mandate rest periods, and require premium pay for work above a standard workweek" (34).
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The new conditions will be introduced gradually (by the end of 2019); during the transitional period, different age requirements for women and men will apply, subject to an insurance period of at least 15 or 20 years. Notwithstanding this provision, both men and women are entitled to an old-age pension at the age of 60 after a qualifying period without a purchased period of 40 years. This right will also be introduced gradually by the end of 2018...The lower retirement age entitlement pertains to a woman, unless parenthood-related benefits were received by a man. On these grounds, the retirement age of 65 for men and women who have completed 38 ...more
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The laws of the Republic of Mali do not contain any provision that discriminates between men and women in regard to their inalienable right to work. Article 19 of Mali’s 1992 constitution provides that everyone has an equal right to work and to rest. Law 92-020 of 23 September 1992, establishing the Labour Code, defines a worker and in so doing makes no distinction between men and women" (20).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Article 6 of the Labour Code reads as follows: 'All citizens have equal opportunities in terms of the possession and exercise of labour rights. The imposition of any restrictions or the granting of privileges in labour relations on grounds of sex, age, race, nationality, language, social origin, property or official status, attitude to religion, beliefs, membership of public associations or other circumstances unrelated to a worker’s professional qualities or the results of his or her work is not permitted and constitutes discrimination" (8). "Article 6 of the Labour Code reads as follows . . . Distinctions based on job requirements specific to a given post or on special concern for ...more
Sept. 18, 2016, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

According to Table 1.4, “women may not carry loads greater than 25 kilograms or transport loads of greater than 45 kilograms with a wheelbarrow” (14).
Sept. 18, 2016, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

According to Table 1.4, women cannot be a “truck driver in agriculture; freight train conductor; deckhand (boatswain, skipper, assistant skipper and sailors of all denominations) on ships of all types of fleets as well as floating docks and cranes for loading grain, cement, coal and other dusty cargo; worker in integrated teams and longshoreman engaged in loading and unloading in ports and harbors; woodworker; installer of antennas at high places; mining rig operator; operator of chemical treatment of wells; lift machinist in oil and gas industry; bulldozer machinist; plumber involving the repair of sewer networks; metal and alloy smelter; driver of loading machine; pipe, furnace and flue cleaner; controller of ...more
Sept. 18, 2016, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

According to Table 1.4, women are prohibited from “working in the same room as a cotton-opener in a factory; working inside any factory to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of machinery while that part is in motion, or working between moving parts or between fixed and moving parts of any machinery” (14).
Sept. 18, 2016, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

According to Table 1.4, women are prohibited from “manufacturing lead monoxide or a number of other lead derivatives and compounds; working in the asphalt industry, tanneries, or in bars; working with fertilizer derived from animal droppings or blood; welding by oxygen, ethylene, or electricity; making mercury mirrors; extracting silver from lead ashes; cleaning the workshops used for the three previous jobs; managing and monitoring mechanical machines; repairing or cleaning mechanical machines; flaying, chopping, and depilating animals and melting their fats; manufacturing charcoal from the bones of animals except the operation of isolating the bones before burning them” (14).
Sept. 18, 2016, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

According to Table 1.4, women are prohibited from “preparing, handling and selling printed literature, posters, drawings, engravings, paintings, emblems, images and other objects whose sale, offer, exposure, display or distribution is punishable under criminal laws or, that without falling afoul of the law, are contrary to morality” (14).
Sept. 18, 2016, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

According to Table 1.4, women are prohibited from “producing or manipulating explosives, flammable or corrosive materials, or working in or around such areas; working as a machinist or fire-stoker; selling distilled or fermented alcoholic beverages in any location or space in which they are dispensed; distilling alcohol and producing or mixing liquors; sizing or polishing glass, working in any location or site that regularly contains dust or irritating or toxic vapors; greasing or cleaning machinery in movement; loading or unloading ships, cranes or derricks; transporting incandescent materials” (14).
Sept. 16, 2016, 12:23 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-1

"Resolution No. 162 lists 456 types of work women may not engage in, including driving trains; operating bulldozers, tractors and trucks; carpenting; plumbing in sewage systems; cutting and cleaning leather materials in leather production; steelmaking; building and repairing ships; inspecting watercrafts in the fishing industry; frontline firefighting; and working as a professional sailor and aircraft and ship mechanic" (para 3)
Sept. 16, 2016, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"List of heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions in which the employment of women is prohibited...Labor of females on hard, dangerous and/or unhealthy trades as well as underground working excluding non-physical work or sanitary and domestic services is forbidden. Labor of females on the work related to manual lifting of weights exceeding maximum permissible standards [is forbidden]. The lists of industries, professions, and jobs with unhealthy and/or dangerous work conditions with restricted female labor as well as maximum permissible weights for manual lifting and handling by females are approved in the procedure fixed by the Government of Russian Federation taking into account opinion of the Russian Trilateral ...more