The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-1

Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"the Court annulled a Jewish Agency provision in the Pension Rules differentiating between employees in accordance with their gender: the retirement age for men was 65 and for women 60" (14). "the Court endorsed the need for equal opportunity and affirmative action. In this case, the Israel Women's Network successfully brought a petition to implement the provisions of a legislative measure introducing a requirement of fair representation of both sexes in appointments to the boards of directors of government companies. Similarly, in H.C.J. 2671/98 IWN v. Minister of Labor, the petition was for fair representation of women in promotion to the level of deputy director general in the National Insurance ...more
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:09 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"During this time period, ultraconservative interpretations of Islamic law meant women faced heavy restrictions on their freedoms, including being banned from working" (para 6). The time period referred to is when the Taliban controlled Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings and established the necessity of a minimum age and mutual consent in marriage, as well as codifying women’s rights to work" (para 3).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and women enjoyed the same legal status and rights as men under family, labor, property, and inheritance law. The law recognizes joint property in marriages. The law mandates equal pay for men and women in equivalent jobs. The Ministry of Social Development and the National Institute of Women promoted equality of women in the workplace and equal pay for equal work, attempted to reduce sexual harassment, and advocated legal reforms"(17-18)."Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination regarding race, gender, religion, political opinion, citizenship, disability, language, and social status but do not do so on the basis of sexual orientation and/or gender identity, HIV-positive status ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress (NPC) should put the draft of the Anti-Employment Discrimination Law on its legislative agenda as soon as possible, single out discrimination against women in employment in the process of making the Anti-Employment Discrimination Law and the Specifications in the Implementation of Law on Promotion of Employment or amending the Law on Promotion of Employment and the Regulation on Labor Security Supervision, and give specific provisions over the definition of gender discrimination in employment, relevant penalties and the channel of legal remedy. For their part, the departments of human resources and social security should list discrimination against women in employment into their regulatory ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, IIP-LAW-1

"Within five years of Ethiopia removing the stipulation that husbands could stop their wives from working, women’s labor force participation increased and women were more likely to work in higher-skilled jobs" (para 10).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:34 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"in Jordan, the Ministry of Labor determines from which industries and jobs women are prohibited. And then there’s enforcement" (para 9).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:33 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Libyan women cannot undertake work that is not 'familiar with woman’s nature'" (para 9).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Egypt, Jordan, Libya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"In Egypt, Jordan, and Libya, for example, women need the permission of their husbands or fathers to work" (para 7).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"until Saudi women can work, travel, file legal claims, and otherwise engage in public life without permission from their male guardians — their father or husband, sometimes even their son —the country won’t realize the economic potential of half its population" (para 3).
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"A study was conducted of 81 schools in the Indian states of Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, and Karnataka, where mid-day meal schemes were introduced in 2002 following an order by the Indian Supreme Court. In addition to boosting female school attendance more than male attendance, mid-day meals were found to contribute to gender equity by creating employment opportunities for poor women. More than two-thirds of the cooks were women, often from underprivileged backgrounds, in keeping with guidelines that priority should be given to disadvantaged persons in the appointments"(62)
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Despite an extensive legal framework providing for equality for women, such as equal employment opportunities and equal pay, societal and legal discrimination continued. A 2013 report on the Status of Women’s Rights in the Context of Socio-Economic Changes in the DPRK, by the ROK-based NGO Citizens’ Alliance for North Korea Human Rights, stated that it could not detect any major changes as a result of the 2010 Women’s Rights Protection Act. The report noted the act was vague, lacked the designation of an administering agency, did not include punishments for noncompliance, and had no accompanying implementing legislation"(12)."Although the law provides that all citizens 'may enjoy equal rights in all spheres ...more
Nov. 9, 2017, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"First, age discrimination laws don't protect women as a specific category. Two separate laws protect women and older workers" (para 6).
Oct. 5, 2017, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, GP-DATA-1

"in 2005 the bylaws said that women could become the village head. Men protested against this, but a woman surpanch was elected. This is good for the forests, and we women benefit from it. Now even men have started supporting us" (1). This is a quote from a female farmer at 11:14 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
March 10, 2017, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Taiwan passed the Gender Equality in Employment Act in 2002" (para 9).
March 1, 2017, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits women working underground in mines, but places no other legal limitations on the employment of women" (27).
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Pensions Act, in 2013, which equalizes the retirement age of men and women" (2)
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the progress that the State party has made in increasing wages in sectors of employment where women are concentrated, and through the adoption of the Pensions Act in June 2013, which equalizes the retirement age of women and men" (8)
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"When word spread that he had agreed to send [his daughters] Prabhati and Shashi [to receive training and work in a factory], the village elders convened emergency meetings to determine whether this violated “purdah,” or separation between the sexes, and whether this would damage the marriage prospects of their own daughters" (para 24)
Jan. 30, 2017, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon, Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"In countries such as Cameroon and Guinea, husbands have control over the jobs that their wives are allowed to do, since a man can ban his wife from having a different trade or profession from him" (para 16).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Not long ago, Attar’s story would have seemed impossible in Saudi Arabia. This is a country, after all, where until recently women had access to only a few professions, such as nursing and teaching. A series of reforms begun under former King Abdullah has changed all that, allowing females to take up a range of jobs, from sales to services to administration. As more and more professions have opened to women, female entrepreneurs and businesswomen like Attar have seized every opportunity, no matter how small. Today, women can be found running shops and businesses, tech firms and start-ups" (para 4).
Jan. 18, 2017, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1

"For example, the law allows a husband to deny his wife the ability to work outside the home, and a husband may also forbid his wife to engage in commercial activity by notifying the clerk of the commerce tribunal" (32).
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2

“Pregnant women or women who have recently given birth may not be required to work overtime without their consent” (52).
Jan. 3, 2017, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, sex, gender, disability, and sexual orientation or gender identity. Discrimination against individuals who are HIV-positive or suffer from other communicable diseases is also prohibited. The government generally enforced these laws and regulations, although discrimination in employment continued to occur with respect to Afro-Brazilians, women, persons with disabilities, indigenous persons, and transgender individuals” (26).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, or HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases (see section 6). The government effectively enforced these laws” (15, 16).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“Labor laws and regulations prohibit employment discrimination regarding race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, and language. The government effectively enforced these laws and regulations. The law does not explicitly prohibit employment discrimination based on social status, HIV-positive status, or other communicable diseases” (14).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“The law prohibits employment of children under the age of 16. There are specific restrictions on employment in hazardous or unhealthy occupations for boys under the age of 18 and girls and women under the age of 21” (20). “The law prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases. The law requires equal pay for equal work. The government effectively enforced the law by imposing fines sufficient to deter violations” (21).
Dec. 29, 2016, 8:05 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Article 328 [of Guinea’s Civil Code]: A wife can have a separate profession from that of her husband unless he objects. If the husband's opposition is not justified by the interests of the family, the woman may be authorized by way of law to override it, in which case commitments made by her since the objection are valid. The commitments made by a wife in the exercise of this profession are, with regards to the husband, void if the third parties with whom she is contracted have personal knowledge of the objection at the time they deal with the wife" (para 2)
Dec. 23, 2016, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Section 59 [of China's 1994 Labour Act]. It is prohibited to arrange female workers to engage in work down the pit of mines, or work with grade IV physical labour intensity as stipulated by the State, or other work that female workers should avoid" (para 2)