The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-1

Nov. 14, 2019, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"It even rankled that [Ms Shahindokht Molaverdi] had managed to become the first woman in Iran to secure a license to run a notary office, the privilege of clerics since the early 20th century" (para 6). "The connect-the-dots of intrigue eventually lead to the Rouhani government itself. Hard-liners angrily cite his administration’s attempts to suspend Ahmadinejad-era gender policies, such as a ban on women’s studying certain subjects in universities, a reduction in their permissible work hours, and a stricter dress code" (para 14).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The revised law also introduces different retirement ages for female (60) and male (65) judges, although they may request extensions from the justice minister to serve longer" (6).
Nov. 4, 2019, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-1

"Over the past few months, the chief of staff has conducted many long and heated meetings with people on either extreme of this intense debate. He met with a large delegation composed of the rabbinic leadership of the religious Zionist movement, which included Deputy Minister of Defense Rabbi Eli Ben Dahan, a member of the religious Zionist HaBayit HaYehudi party. He also sat down with a group of five women serving in the Knesset who are on the front lines in the fight for equality for women. These included Meirav Michaeli and Ayelet Nahmias-Verbin (Zionist Camp), Rachel Azaria (Kulanu) and others. After deliberating and examining the issue at length, he...more
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sex" (27).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"A 2015 women’s parity law provides women a number of protections. It permits women to participate in economic domains without approval of male relatives, provides for maternity care, disallows inequities linked to dowries, and specifies fines and other sanctions for those who discriminate or engage in gender-based abuse. Women, however, experienced economic discrimination" (page 41).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Labor laws and regulations do not prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, or HIV-positive status" (50). "Regulations ban women from 24 professions, mostly in heavy industry, but create guidelines for women to telework. Nevertheless, some factories and manufacturing facilities, particularly in the Eastern Province, employed men and women, who worked separate shifts during different hours of the day" (51).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women generally were not permitted to work at night, more than 12 hours a day, or in jobs that could present moral or physical danger" (page 22).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Law on Provision of Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Women and Men, in 2013" (2).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of gender but does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment" (Pg 45). "Although the constitution provides for equality between men and women and the 'right of every citizen to earn his wage according to the nature and yield of the work,' the law does not explicitly stipulate equal pay for equal work. Moreover, a number of sections of family and criminal law do not treat men and women equally" (Pg 46). "Women participated in public life and in most professions, including the armed forces, although violence in many regions reduced women’s access to the public sphere. Women and men have equal legal...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Act No. 2012-45 of 25 September 2012, amending the Labour Code by, inter alia, extending the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination, increasing the penalties for discrimination and prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace" (2). "The Committee notes the constitutional guarantee of non-discrimination in employment (art. 33), as reinforced in the Labour Code (2012)" (10).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination on the basis of religion, race, sex, caste, tribe, geographical or social origin, language, marital status, physical or health condition, disability, or ideological conviction. It also stipulates that the government may make special provisions for the protection, empowerment or advancement of women, Dalits, indigenous peoples, gender and sexual minorities, persons with disabilities, and those who belong to a class that is economically, socially or culturally 'backward.' On employment the constitution gives women the right to special opportunities and gives ethnic minorities, persons with disabilities, Muslims, and gender and sexual minorities the right to serve in state bodies though the principle of inclusion. It also states that...more
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment based on sex, race, ethnicity, social origin, disability, religion, and political opinion. The law states that persons are entitled to 'employment befitting for human beings according to their disabilities, their education, and their abilities.' According to NGOs, these protections were not always guaranteed by employers or the government. No laws prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity, national origin or citizenship, age, language, HIV-positive status, or having other communicable diseases" (Pg 39).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Committee welcomes the amendment of the Anti-Discrimination Act to explicitly define sexual harassment as a form of discrimination and introduce affirmative action on the grounds of sex and gender. The Committee remains concerned, however, that the amendment did not introduce a substantive change to the basic provisions of the Act. The definition of discrimination as ‘any action or omission where one person is treated less favourably than another person’ and the principle of equal treatment provided under the Act are not consistent with the principle of substantive equality on the grounds of sex, as defined in articles 1 and 2 of the Convention" (2).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The constitution and laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and gender identity, infection with HIV or other communicable diseases, or social status. The labor code provides for the principles of equal treatment. The government failed to enforce these regulations effectively. Penalties took the form of fines but were generally inadequate to deter violations" (Pg 39).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"It is illegal to discriminate in hiring or place of employment based on race, national or social origin, gender, opinions, or beliefs" (Pg 26).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Union leaders stated the wage differences for men and women were generally minimal and were mostly due to different skills, duration of employment, types of jobs, as well as legal requirements, which prohibit the employment of women in hazardous work" (page 40).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, ethnicity, national origin nationality, gender, marital status, religion, political affiliation, political outlook, pregnancy, socioeconomic status, disability, or “any other conditions.” The law specifically recognizes the additional burden on pregnant women and persons with disabilities. The penalty for conviction of discrimination on any of the above grounds is a fine of 1,200 birr ($53). The government took limited measures to enforce the law. Sexual orientation, gen" (p. 38).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women are subject to an earlier mandatory retirement age than men (55 versus 60 years)" (p. 13).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"In October a government decree prohibited women from participating in traditional drumming groups" (p. 41).
July 13, 2019, 12:03 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Public order laws and personal laws imposed since 1991 have prevented women from… working" (1).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-LAW-1

"The International Labor Organization reported on allegations that the Law on Maximum of Employees in the Public Sector, adopted in July 2015, is discriminatory because it obliges women workers in the public sector to retire at age 62, whereas male workers can work up to the age of 65. The retirement age for women will continue to increase incrementally until the retirement age is 65 years old for both men and women" (page 33).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The labor law prohibits discrimination in employment or occupation based on race, sex, disability, political opinion, social origin, and language but did not prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity" (Pg 33).
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Legal status and rights under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws are the same for men and women. The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and the National Women’s Committee promoted the legal rights of women. Women historically have held leadership positions across all sectors of society, although they were not as prevalent as men, and cultural and religious practices limited their effectiveness. The government provided little data that could be used to determine whether women experienced discrimination in access to employment or credit or were paid less for substantially similar work. The labor code prohibits women from working in many industries open to men" (Pg 29). "The law...more
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The constitution and employment laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, age, language, and HIV/communicable disease status; the law does not address sexual orientation or gender identity" (Pg 43).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits women from engaging in “underground working,” referring to occupations literally underground, such as in sewers, and restricts employers from requiring female employees to work in industrial or agricultural work between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. or to commence work for the day without having 11 consecutive hours of rest since the end of the last work period" (p. 33).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment and occupation based on race, gender, disability, citizenship, national origin, political opinion, and language but does not specifically prohibit such discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases. Evidence of hiring discrimination ranged from job advertisements that specified gender and age to requiring an applicant’s photograph. Migrant workers enjoy the same legal protections, wages, and working conditions as citizens. Penalties for violations include a fine of up to one million CFA francs ($1,733) and a sentence of up to six months in prison" (Pg 19). "Under traditional law, which applies to the vast majority of women, a husband...more
July 4, 2019, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Under the reign of King Abdullah, who died in 2015, women were first allowed to work as sales clerks and in supermarket checkout lines" (para 14).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The labor code prohibits discrimination based on color, race, civil status, gender, nationality, ethnic ancestry or origin, social position or economic status, political or ideological convictions, religion, physical or mental condition, age, or health status. The code also mandates equal pay. Implementation of the code’s provisions was generally ineffective" (Pg 25).
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation on the basis of race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation, gender identity, HIV-positive status, other communicable diseases, or social status" (Pg 29).
July 2, 2019, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The labor law prohibits discrimination in employment and occupation based on race, gender, language, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status, but the law is silent on discrimination in employment and occupation based on disability, age, and sexual orientation or gender identity, and the government, in general, did not effectively enforce the law. One officer allegedly reported that she was not promoted because she had albinism" (Pg 30).