The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-1

Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The 2009 reform, mentioned above, created a special charter for female domestic workers defined in the Act on Sexual Harassment at Work and in Teaching (Law 7476). This guarantees employment stability by prohibiting the dismissal of domestic worker who has lodged a complaint for sexual harassment. In addition, the worker may apply for suspension of the duration of the employment relation before the MTSS Labour Inspection Department, thereby gaining exemption from having to appear in the workplace while the investigation is being conducted. In June 2010, reforms were made to the Act on sexual harassment in employment and teaching to expand guarantees already established for the complainant and for witnesses....more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law forbids termination of employment because of pregnancy or marriage" (19).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women have the same status as men under labor law on the mainland. In Zanzibar the law states the normal retirement age for women is 55 and for men is 60" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"...the law prohibits women from working in certain sectors of the economy at night" (16).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"[The Committee] is concerned about: ...The lower retirement age for women and the extensive list of occupations prohibited for women" (9).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"In fact the law explicitly precludes women from employment in certain occupations, allows the government to recruit only men or women for certain civil service positions, and discriminates by sex in eligibility for certain job-related allowances" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits women from working in occupations that require heavy labor or exposure to chemicals that could affect infant and maternal health, and the government effectively enforced these provisions" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"{The law} prohibits women from working in 'dangerous industries' and in trades 'harmful' to health" (34).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The government repealed legislation that had restricted night work for women" (13).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Under the Labour Code, women are prohibited from engaging in certain types of work" (page 10).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the removal of the prohibition on night work for women and the adoption of the Domestic Workers Act" (page 10).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Based on the provisions of that article of the Act and on article 242 of the Labour Code, an order issued by the Minister of Labour and Social Welfare of Turkmenistan in August 2016, in coordination with the State Standards Service (Turkmenstandartlary), and the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, approved the norms for the maximum permissible loads for women involved in lifting and moving heavy loads by hand. In the development of those standards, various factors were taken into account, including: high physical stress; awkward postures imposed by the work, which could lead to pathological changes in the body of a young worker; vibration from equipment...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The labor code restricts women’s employment in jobs with “harmful or dangerous conditions or work underground, except in nonphysical jobs or sanitary and consumer services,” and forbids women’s employment in “manual handling of bulk weights that exceed the set limits for their handling.” According to the NGO St. Petersburg Aegis, the law resulted in authorities compiling a list of 456 occupations from which it is legal to exclude women, including those of diver, paratrooper, and firefighter," (71).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee takes note of the high rate of female participation in the labour force. It is concerned, however, about persistent discrimination against women in employment, including the significant gender wage gap in many fields of employment, and about horizontal and vertical segregation in employment. Furthermore, it is concerned about: The Labour Code, which includes a list of a significant number of professions prohibited to women, allegedly to protect their health, in particular their reproductive health" (pg 9). "The introduction, in 2015, of a national tax under Presidential Decree No. 3 on Preventing Social Dependency, which is payable by persons who are unemployed in order to refund government expenditure and...more
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"Egyptian women face a patriarchal culture and are barred from certain public positions, such as judicial posts" (para 8).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“The Committee is concerned...(b) The low representation of women in managerial and decision-making positions and on boards of directors (18.2 per cent) and that neither Organic Law No. 3/2007 on effective equality for men and women nor Law No. 31/2014 amending the Corporations Act provides sanctions for the non-enforcement of the required gender balance on the boards of directors of large companies; (c) That the State party has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization” (8-9).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The obligatory age of retirement depends on category, regardless of gender, as follows: 1) Category A: age 60-65; 2) Category 1 (State contract workers): age 60; 3) Category B: age 58; 4) Categories C, D and E: age 55; 5) Category 2 (State contract workers): age 58; 6) Categories 3, 4 and 5 (State contract workers): age 55. As they are more numerous in the lower categories, women tend to go into retirement earlier" (21). "The implementation of article 11 is characterized by the establishment of a legal framework prohibiting any discrimination against women in the area of employment and by equal access to labour law, social security and remuneration"...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"On the contrary, the Labour Act discriminates positively in favour of women in the private sector, granting them additional rights consistent with their nature, including reduced working hours and exclusion from arduous labour" (7). Despite the positive framing of this law, it could in actuality discriminate against women. For example, women who are required to work less hours could be passed over for a man who could work more hours (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "The measures taken by the State to protect motherhood do not represent gender discrimination but are consistent with the nature of women. For example, the Employment Act forbids the employment of women late at night and in hazardous...more
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, at: ...The list of occupations that are prohibited for women, which appears to be overly protective, overemphasizes women’s role as mothers and places excessive restrictions on working time, overtime work and night work for women, thereby limiting their economic opportunities in several areas" (7).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee also notes with concern that a number of draft laws and policies with an important bearing on women’s rights, such as the bills on marriage, administration of estates, transnational crime, employment, legal aid, sexual offences and domestic violence and the land policy, are pending, with no specific time frame for their adoption" (page 2).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Law of Municipal Councils promulgated by Royal Decree No. M/61 of 4/10/1435 A.H. (1/8/2014), which entitles women to vote and to be elected to municipal councils on a par with men" (21). "Regarding the provision of special protection to working women during pregnancy, the Labour Law, article 149, prohibits the employment of women in dangerous jobs, harmful industries and activities harmful to health or liable to expose women to specific hazards. Article 151 of the same law prohibits women from working for six weeks after they give birth" (40). "The Labour Law, article 122...prohibits the employment of women in hazardous jobs or hamful industries" (40). "Minister of Labour Decision No....more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Kenya law clearly states that there shall be no form of discrimination in employment. Both the Employment Act, section 5(3) and the Constitution of Kenya, Articles 26-51, bar any form of discrimination on the grounds of gender, (among others) in accessing employment and in employment security. In addition, Section 5 gives responsibility to the Minister, labour officers and the Industrial Court to ensure that employers promote equality of opportunity in employment in order to eliminate discrimination in employment" (28).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Article 33 of the Constitution states that “The State recognizes that all citizens have the right to work, and is taking steps to create conditions in which this right can be effectively enjoyed and which guarantee to the worker a fair remuneration for his or her services or his or her output. No one shall be subject to discrimination in his or her work.” The principles set out in article 33 of the Constitution are also found in Act No. 2012-45 of 25 September 2012 (the Labour Code), which in articles 2 and 5 prescribes non-discrimination and equal access to employment for women" (pg 22). "Looking more closely at article...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The legal-normative framework stipulates the equal access of women and men to social assistance, healthcare, education, employment, participation in the public and political life (see CCD, p.190-191)" (pg 7). "Article 8 of the LC provides expressly that any direct or indirect form of discrimination of the employee on the basis of gender, age, race, skin color, ethnic origin, political convictions, social origin, place of residence, physical, intellectual or mental disability, HOV status, memberships of trade unions or participation in trade-union's activity, and also on other criteria which have not been connected to professional qualities of the worker shall be prohibited. Article 47 of the Code prohibits the unreasonable refusal of...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, about...The restrictions imposed on women’s employment under the Labour Law, which prohibits the employment of women between 9 p.m. and 6 a.m. (except in exceptional circumstances), as well as in harmful and particularly difficult jobs" (12).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Labour Act does differentiate between women and men with respect to the nature of work and working hours. That has an impact on the right of women choose their work. Women may not be employed in dangerous or strenuous work involving machines, chemicals or manual labour. They may also not be employed on night shifts, with the exception of work in the fields of medicine, social work, tourism or media, or in case of necessity, on condition that their safety and safe travel is guaranteed" (42-43). "Legislation prohibits pregnant or nursing women from working extra hours in any job whatsoever during pregnancy and for six months after giving birth....more
Feb. 13, 2018, 11:38 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Under further new measures passed by Samaraweera, bars and pubs can remain open longer, and a ban on women working in bars, distilleries and breweries was lifted…It was not clear from Sirisena's statement yesterday if the decision to allow women to work in the alcohol industry had also been reversed" (para 9-11).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the Constitutional and legislative guarantees, including in the Personal and Family Code and Labour Code, prohibiting sex-based discrimination and harassment and protection of equal opportunities of women and men in employment. [...] The Committee is concerned that That article 142 of the Labour Code prohibits women from exercising certain types of work based on discriminatory stereotypes," (9).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"the Court annulled a Jewish Agency provision in the Pension Rules differentiating between employees in accordance with their gender: the retirement age for men was 65 and for women 60" (14). "the Court endorsed the need for equal opportunity and affirmative action. In this case, the Israel Women's Network successfully brought a petition to implement the provisions of a legislative measure introducing a requirement of fair representation of both sexes in appointments to the boards of directors of government companies. Similarly, in H.C.J. 2671/98 IWN v. Minister of Labor, the petition was for fair representation of women in promotion to the level of deputy director general in the National Insurance...more
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:09 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"During this time period, ultraconservative interpretations of Islamic law meant women faced heavy restrictions on their freedoms, including being banned from working" (para 6). The time period referred to is when the Taliban controlled Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (CODER COMMENT-BCT).