The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-1

Aug. 11, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“In Air India v. Nargis Mirza (AIR 1981 SC 1829), the Supreme Court struck down the discriminatory Rules of Indian Airlines. An Air Hostess in Indian Airline challenged certain provisions of their service rile wherein an Air Hostess could have the job up to 35 years of age, but can be terminated if she gets married within 4 years of her recruitment or her first pregnancy as unreasonable and invalid. The Supreme Court held that this provision compelled the Air Hostess not to have children which is against the human nature. The Supreme Court also upheld the right of the Air Hostess to work up to age of 45 years...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 6:56 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The labour has been amended in 2019 to repeal all the restrictions on women working night hours, in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate and industries".
Aug. 10, 2020, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The UAE has amended the hatred and discrimination law in 2019 to criminalize any discrimination based on gender".
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Labour Code establishes additional guarantees for women in respect of hiring pregnant women and women with children, requiring women to work only during working hours and limiting the assignment of women and persons with family responsibilities to night work, overtime work, work on weekends or holidays, and official travel (chapter 12)" (6).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Under the Labour Law, employees are guaranteed equal pay for equal work or work of equal value and any decision of the employer or agreement with the employee that breach this provision are null and void. Employees are entitled to compensation of damage in case of violation of this right" (31). "The Draft Law on Gender Equality outlaws unequal pay for equal work or work of equal value. It also outlaws harassment, sexual harassment and sexual blackmail of women in the workplace" (31). "The Labour Law prohibits harassment and sexual harassment. In case of discrimination, a job-seeker or an employee may sue the employer for damages before the competent court,...more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Socialist Labour Law and the Law on Labour Protection contain provisions of special protection of working women" (4). "The Law on Labour Protection adopted on July 8, 2010 stipulates the obligations of the institutions, enterprises, organizations and individuals to provide working people with safe and hygienic working conditions and to protect their lives and promote their health. In particular, the law provides that pregnant women shall be given light work before they take maternity leave and nursing women shall be ensured breastfeeding breaks (art. 24), that institutions, enterprises and organizations shall not, in consideration of women’s constitutional features, assign them arduous, harmful or dangerous work, put pregnant or lactating...more
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The percentage of women with more than a secondary education who have employer-based insurance increased from 0% in 2008 to 11% in 2018. Among men with more than a secondary education, the percentage increased from less than 1% to 12%" (49).
April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law provides that women enjoy the same rights as men and are entitled to receive equal pay for equal work. In practice, women received lower salaries than men and were prohibited from working in nearly 500 occupations." (38). "Women held few elected or appointed offices at the national and regional levels. In addition, the law limits women’s employment opportunities although a ban on women for approximately 500 occupations, including bulldozer operator and bus driver." (49).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken to address discrimination against women in employment, including through the implementation of Law No. 13/2009 of 27 May 2009 regulating labour in Rwanda, which, inter alia, provides for equal opportunities and equal pay for work of equal value and prohibits discrimination based on sex, marital status or family responsibilities, as well as gender-based violence against women and sexual harassment in the workplace" (10).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically provide for protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, HIV status, or other communicable diseases" (38).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Freedom of choice of training and work is recognized for both men and women. The Constitution of 6 November 2015 provides that “the State recognizes the right of all citizens to work and creates the conditions for the enjoyment of that right” (art. 30) (...) Specifically, Act No. 45/175 of 15 March 1975 establishing the Labour Code also enshrines the principle of equality in access to opportunities and chances to work for wages. This Act, still in force, also provides safeguards for the protection of women in managing their maternity" (26). "Access to employment is on a basis of equality in the Congo. The latest revision of the Labour Code...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The state ensures equal employment right for women. Employment has a vital bearing on people’s quality of life. The state has promulgated and improved laws and regulations to promote fair employment and eliminate gender discrimination in employment. The Employment Promotion Law of the People’s Republic of China has a chapter specially dealing with fair employment, emphasizing gender equality in employment right. The Labor Contract Law of the People’s Republic of China has clear provisions under which businesses are required to create collective contracts for protecting female workers’ rights and interests, providing a legal basis for protecting the legitimate rights and interests of female workers. To create favorable conditions for women’...more
Nov. 14, 2019, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"It even rankled that [Ms Shahindokht Molaverdi] had managed to become the first woman in Iran to secure a license to run a notary office, the privilege of clerics since the early 20th century" (para 6). "The connect-the-dots of intrigue eventually lead to the Rouhani government itself. Hard-liners angrily cite his administration’s attempts to suspend Ahmadinejad-era gender policies, such as a ban on women’s studying certain subjects in universities, a reduction in their permissible work hours, and a stricter dress code" (para 14).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The revised law also introduces different retirement ages for female (60) and male (65) judges, although they may request extensions from the justice minister to serve longer" (6).
Nov. 4, 2019, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-1

"Over the past few months, the chief of staff has conducted many long and heated meetings with people on either extreme of this intense debate. He met with a large delegation composed of the rabbinic leadership of the religious Zionist movement, which included Deputy Minister of Defense Rabbi Eli Ben Dahan, a member of the religious Zionist HaBayit HaYehudi party. He also sat down with a group of five women serving in the Knesset who are on the front lines in the fight for equality for women. These included Meirav Michaeli and Ayelet Nahmias-Verbin (Zionist Camp), Rachel Azaria (Kulanu) and others. After deliberating and examining the issue at length, he...more
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sex" (27).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"A 2015 women’s parity law provides women a number of protections. It permits women to participate in economic domains without approval of male relatives, provides for maternity care, disallows inequities linked to dowries, and specifies fines and other sanctions for those who discriminate or engage in gender-based abuse. Women, however, experienced economic discrimination" (page 41).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Labor laws and regulations do not prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, or HIV-positive status" (50). "Regulations ban women from 24 professions, mostly in heavy industry, but create guidelines for women to telework. Nevertheless, some factories and manufacturing facilities, particularly in the Eastern Province, employed men and women, who worked separate shifts during different hours of the day" (51).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women generally were not permitted to work at night, more than 12 hours a day, or in jobs that could present moral or physical danger" (page 22).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Law on Provision of Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Women and Men, in 2013" (2).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of gender but does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment" (Pg 45). "Although the constitution provides for equality between men and women and the 'right of every citizen to earn his wage according to the nature and yield of the work,' the law does not explicitly stipulate equal pay for equal work. Moreover, a number of sections of family and criminal law do not treat men and women equally" (Pg 46). "Women participated in public life and in most professions, including the armed forces, although violence in many regions reduced women’s access to the public sphere. Women and men have equal legal...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Act No. 2012-45 of 25 September 2012, amending the Labour Code by, inter alia, extending the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination, increasing the penalties for discrimination and prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace" (2). "The Committee notes the constitutional guarantee of non-discrimination in employment (art. 33), as reinforced in the Labour Code (2012)" (10).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination on the basis of religion, race, sex, caste, tribe, geographical or social origin, language, marital status, physical or health condition, disability, or ideological conviction. It also stipulates that the government may make special provisions for the protection, empowerment or advancement of women, Dalits, indigenous peoples, gender and sexual minorities, persons with disabilities, and those who belong to a class that is economically, socially or culturally 'backward.' On employment the constitution gives women the right to special opportunities and gives ethnic minorities, persons with disabilities, Muslims, and gender and sexual minorities the right to serve in state bodies though the principle of inclusion. It also states that...more
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment based on sex, race, ethnicity, social origin, disability, religion, and political opinion. The law states that persons are entitled to 'employment befitting for human beings according to their disabilities, their education, and their abilities.' According to NGOs, these protections were not always guaranteed by employers or the government. No laws prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity, national origin or citizenship, age, language, HIV-positive status, or having other communicable diseases" (Pg 39).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Committee welcomes the amendment of the Anti-Discrimination Act to explicitly define sexual harassment as a form of discrimination and introduce affirmative action on the grounds of sex and gender. The Committee remains concerned, however, that the amendment did not introduce a substantive change to the basic provisions of the Act. The definition of discrimination as ‘any action or omission where one person is treated less favourably than another person’ and the principle of equal treatment provided under the Act are not consistent with the principle of substantive equality on the grounds of sex, as defined in articles 1 and 2 of the Convention" (2).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The constitution and laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and gender identity, infection with HIV or other communicable diseases, or social status. The labor code provides for the principles of equal treatment. The government failed to enforce these regulations effectively. Penalties took the form of fines but were generally inadequate to deter violations" (Pg 39).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"It is illegal to discriminate in hiring or place of employment based on race, national or social origin, gender, opinions, or beliefs" (Pg 26).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Union leaders stated the wage differences for men and women were generally minimal and were mostly due to different skills, duration of employment, types of jobs, as well as legal requirements, which prohibit the employment of women in hazardous work" (page 40).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, ethnicity, national origin nationality, gender, marital status, religion, political affiliation, political outlook, pregnancy, socioeconomic status, disability, or “any other conditions.” The law specifically recognizes the additional burden on pregnant women and persons with disabilities. The penalty for conviction of discrimination on any of the above grounds is a fine of 1,200 birr ($53). The government took limited measures to enforce the law. Sexual orientation, gen" (p. 38).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women are subject to an earlier mandatory retirement age than men (55 versus 60 years)" (p. 13).