The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-1

Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The labor law prohibits discrimination in employment and occupation based on... sex, gender... sexual orientation, gender identity" (17).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Article 352 of the Constitution sets aside certain jobs that are 'suitable for men only' which the State Report does not consider discrimination" (page 4).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law requires that one-third of the board members of publicly traded companies, but not private ones, be women" (15).
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits any discrimination, negative or preferential, based on race, color, sex, religion, age, family status, political opinion, national extraction or social origin, language, gender identity, disability, health status, pregnancy, genetic inheritance, or trade union membership that has the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity, treatment in employment, or occupation capacity building. The law specifically prohibits discrimination based on gender, or gender identity, and applies to access to employment, self-employment, and choice of occupation" (para 171)
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Provisions in laws or directives limiting women’s access to some studies and professions based on women’s characteristics as defined by the State party and establishing different retirement ages for women and men" (3). "The continued sex-segregation of the workforce, with labour laws and directives assigning specific jobs to women while impeding their access to others, based on perceived characteristics of women as a group and not taking into consideration the individual potential of each woman and impeding the achievement of gender equality at work" (10).
Oct. 31, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"A 2017 Japanese government report found that women make up just 13 percent of managerial positions in Japan, compared with 44 percent in the United States" (para. 7 ).
Oct. 31, 2018, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"A 2017 Japanese government report found that women make up just 13 percent of managerial positions in Japan, compared with 44 percent in the United States. According to a recent Reuters poll, three-quarters of Japanese companies say they have no female senior executives. A 2015 law now requires larger companies to set targets for hiring and promoting women and to report on the results, but there are no penalties for inaction" (para. 7 ).
Oct. 28, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"'According to the official dress code of the Ministry it is not possible to employ such women,' Narzullo Mirzoaliyev, Head of the Personnel Department of the Health Ministry" (para 22).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law governing hiring of civil service personnel states nothing shall prevent the appointment of men to 'positions that are suitable for men only,' with no further definition of what constitutes positions 'suitable for men only'" (39). "Labor laws and regulations do not specifically prohibit employment discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, gender, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status" (50-51).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women were represented in many fields, including in parliament, on municipal councils, on police forces, and as firefighters, but the law requires a woman to obtain her husband’s consent before working outside the home" (para 161)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Under its special authority to implement sharia regulations, in June Banda Aceh City established a local regulation that forbids cafes and restaurants from serving unaccompanied women or using female employees after 10 p.m. According to Banda Aceh authorities, the regulation was based on an unreleased Aceh Governor’s decree that set the cutoff time at 9 p.m" (para 154). "Under the labor law, domestic workers are not provided with a minimum wage, health insurance, freedom of association, an eight-hour workday, a weekly day of rest, vacation time, or safe work conditions" (para 223)
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, gender, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, political opinion or affiliation, marital status, race or origin, language, nationality, religion, family affiliation, family or economic situation, disability, health, physical appearance, or anything else that is against the human dignity of the victim. Penalties include a sentence of three to five years and monetary fines. The law prohibits employers from requiring pregnancy tests as a prerequisite to employment; violators are subject to a fine of 5,000 lempiras ($227)" (para 161)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"It does so through a number of laws, including, for example, the Labour Law promulgated by Royal Decree No. 35/2003, which dedicates a special section to the employment of women. Article 80 of the aforesaid law affirms non-discrimination between the sexes in respect of the same work. Article 81 prohibits the employment of women between 2100 hours and 0600 hours. Article 82 prohibits employment of women in jobs that are detrimental to health and in hard labour and other jobs specified by decree of the Minister for Manpower. Article 84 prohibits an employer from dismissing a female worker for absences due to pregnancy maternity as substantiated by a medical certificate....more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The 2009 reform, mentioned above, created a special charter for female domestic workers defined in the Act on Sexual Harassment at Work and in Teaching (Law 7476). This guarantees employment stability by prohibiting the dismissal of domestic worker who has lodged a complaint for sexual harassment. In addition, the worker may apply for suspension of the duration of the employment relation before the MTSS Labour Inspection Department, thereby gaining exemption from having to appear in the workplace while the investigation is being conducted. In June 2010, reforms were made to the Act on sexual harassment in employment and teaching to expand guarantees already established for the complainant and for witnesses....more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law forbids termination of employment because of pregnancy or marriage" (19).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women have the same status as men under labor law on the mainland. In Zanzibar the law states the normal retirement age for women is 55 and for men is 60" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"...the law prohibits women from working in certain sectors of the economy at night" (16).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"[The Committee] is concerned about: ...The lower retirement age for women and the extensive list of occupations prohibited for women" (9).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"In fact the law explicitly precludes women from employment in certain occupations, allows the government to recruit only men or women for certain civil service positions, and discriminates by sex in eligibility for certain job-related allowances" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits women from working in occupations that require heavy labor or exposure to chemicals that could affect infant and maternal health, and the government effectively enforced these provisions" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"{The law} prohibits women from working in 'dangerous industries' and in trades 'harmful' to health" (34).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The government repealed legislation that had restricted night work for women" (13).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Under the Labour Code, women are prohibited from engaging in certain types of work" (page 10).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the removal of the prohibition on night work for women and the adoption of the Domestic Workers Act" (page 10).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Based on the provisions of that article of the Act and on article 242 of the Labour Code, an order issued by the Minister of Labour and Social Welfare of Turkmenistan in August 2016, in coordination with the State Standards Service (Turkmenstandartlary), and the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry of Turkmenistan, approved the norms for the maximum permissible loads for women involved in lifting and moving heavy loads by hand. In the development of those standards, various factors were taken into account, including: high physical stress; awkward postures imposed by the work, which could lead to pathological changes in the body of a young worker; vibration from equipment...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The labor code restricts women’s employment in jobs with “harmful or dangerous conditions or work underground, except in nonphysical jobs or sanitary and consumer services,” and forbids women’s employment in “manual handling of bulk weights that exceed the set limits for their handling.” According to the NGO St. Petersburg Aegis, the law resulted in authorities compiling a list of 456 occupations from which it is legal to exclude women, including those of diver, paratrooper, and firefighter," (71).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee takes note of the high rate of female participation in the labour force. It is concerned, however, about persistent discrimination against women in employment, including the significant gender wage gap in many fields of employment, and about horizontal and vertical segregation in employment. Furthermore, it is concerned about: The Labour Code, which includes a list of a significant number of professions prohibited to women, allegedly to protect their health, in particular their reproductive health" (pg 9). "The introduction, in 2015, of a national tax under Presidential Decree No. 3 on Preventing Social Dependency, which is payable by persons who are unemployed in order to refund government expenditure and...more
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"Egyptian women face a patriarchal culture and are barred from certain public positions, such as judicial posts" (para 8).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

“The Committee is concerned...(b) The low representation of women in managerial and decision-making positions and on boards of directors (18.2 per cent) and that neither Organic Law No. 3/2007 on effective equality for men and women nor Law No. 31/2014 amending the Corporations Act provides sanctions for the non-enforcement of the required gender balance on the boards of directors of large companies; (c) That the State party has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization” (8-9).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The obligatory age of retirement depends on category, regardless of gender, as follows: 1) Category A: age 60-65; 2) Category 1 (State contract workers): age 60; 3) Category B: age 58; 4) Categories C, D and E: age 55; 5) Category 2 (State contract workers): age 58; 6) Categories 3, 4 and 5 (State contract workers): age 55. As they are more numerous in the lower categories, women tend to go into retirement earlier" (21). "The implementation of article 11 is characterized by the establishment of a legal framework prohibiting any discrimination against women in the area of employment and by equal access to labour law, social security and remuneration"...more