The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-2

Oct. 4, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

The legislation now extends the term violence to acts of aggression and abuse via text messages, vocal messages or photos, sexual exploitation, aggression and abuse in the workplace and harshens punishment in situations like pregnancy or in the event that violence is perpetrated by people who are known to the victim, like colleagues (para 4).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Both the criminal and labor codes criminalize various forms of sexual harassment. Violators face penalties of one to three years in prison and possible suspension of their professional licenses, but the government did not effectively enforce the law. Sexual harassment was a serious societal problem, but it was underreported due to fear of stigma and reprisal" (para 105)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The labor law passed in August provides for new protections against discrimination, including prohibition of sexual harassment in the workplace" (para 303)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Women enjoy the same employment opportunities and are subject to the same hiring procedures as men. Job vacancies are announced by competent agencies in the Government or private sector, and citizens of both sexes may apply. Women are free to select their profession and work as they wish and are offered the same promotion and job security opportunities as men, as well as all employment benefits and terms. They are entitled to receive training, vocational retraining, advanced vocational training and recurrent training. The laws and regulations do not discriminate between, and provide for the equal treatment of, men and women in respect of wages and benefits" (Pg 28).more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Laws that came into effect in 2014 regarding sexual harassment and sexual offenses criminalized spousal rape and gender discrimination in workplaces, including in educational institutions and service providers such as hospitals" (17). "The law bans sexual harassment in the workplace, but the government did not enforce the law effectively" (19). "The law and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation on the basis of race, color, sex, political opinion, religion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, language, age, sexual orientation or gender identity, and HIV positive status or other communicable diseases" (26).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation because of race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status" (40).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as men under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. The law requires equal pay for equal work " (para 110). "With respect to employment and occupation, labor laws prohibit discrimination based on race, color, sex, disability, social origin, nationality, political orientation, or religion" (para 143). "Discrimination against women was common in the workplace and occurred in an environment of impunity. There is no legal prohibition against sexual harassment" (para 144)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace, but harassment reportedly continued to be a problem, although few cases came to trial. The punishment in minor cases can be between three and five months in jail or fines of six to eight months’ salary. In aggravated cases it can be five to seven months’ jail time or fines of 10 to 14 months’ salary. The court can increase penalties for victims the court determines may be especially vulnerable" (12). "Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, color, sex..." (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status. The government did not effectively enforce these laws and regulations" (31).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment...Complaints of sexual harassment as well as sex discrimination may be submitted to the HRC. The HRC received 222 complaints of sexual harassment from July 2013 to June 2014; separate statistics on resolution of harassment complaints were not available." (15). "Federal and state and territory laws provide protections against employment discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or other communicable diseases...The law requires organizations with 100 or more employees to establish a workplace program to remove barriers to women entering and advancing in their organization. The law also...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Further, the Committee is concerned that sexual harassment is only criminalized as a conduct occurring in the workplace (art. 2 of the Labour Code) and against minors (Act No. 20526)" (4).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment but includes measures to identify companies that fail to prevent it, and prefectural labor offices and the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) provided these companies with advice, guidance, and recommendations" (15). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, sex, personal or political beliefs, national origin or citizenship, social status or origin, disability, age, and some communicable diseases, such as leprosy...In 2014 the enforcement regulation of the equal employment opportunity law was revised to cover 'indirect discrimination' for all types of workers related to recruitment, hiring, promotion, and changes of job type, but the enforcement mechanism...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment but includes measures to identify companies that fail to prevent it, and prefectural labor offices and the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) provided these companies with advice, guidance, and recommendations" (15). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, sex, personal or political beliefs, national origin or citizenship, social status or origin, disability, age, and some communicable diseases, such as leprosy...In 2014 the enforcement regulation of the equal employment opportunity law was revised to cover 'indirect discrimination' for all types of workers related to recruitment, hiring, promotion, and changes of job type, but the enforcement mechanism...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides civil penalties. Sexual contact induced by certain threats may also fall under the criminal code, with a maximum 14-year prison sentence...Women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men, and the law prohibits discrimination in employment and rates of pay for equal or similar work." (8). "The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV positive status or other communicable diseases" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law provides that “employees shall not be subjected to harassment or other unseemly behavior,” and the government effectively enforced this provision. Employers who violate this law are subject to fines or prison sentences of up to two years, depending on the seriousness of the offense" (11). "The law mandates that 40 percent of the members of boards of directors of publicly listed companies be women, and virtually all public companies complied with the law" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment of not less than one month and not more than six months, and/or a fine of not less than 10,000 pesos ($223) and not more than 20,000 pesos ($446)" (25). "No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law does prohibit discrimination in employment on the basis of sex" (27).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment generally…" (10). "All public employers and private firms that employ 30 or more persons are required to enact preventive measures and establish complaint procedures to deter sexual harassment" (19).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment of women in the workplace" (22). "The law prohibits workplace discrimination, directly or indirectly, against an employee based on color, nationality, tribe or place of origin, race, national extraction, social origin, political opinion or religion, sex, gender, pregnancy, marital status or family responsibility, disability, HIV/AIDS, age, or station in life" (34). "The law requires equal pay for equal work" (35).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal in both the public and private sectors. The law specifies maximum fines of 20,000 baht ($550) for individuals convicted of sexual harassment. The punishment depends on the degree of harassment. Abuse categorized as an indecent act may result in maximum 15 years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of 30,000 baht ($830). The penalty depends upon the degree of severity and the age of the victim. The law governing the civil service also prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates five levels of punishment: probation, docked wages, salary decrease, suspension, and termination" (37). "In mid-year the government passed the Gender Equality Act, imposing a maximum jail term of six...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"[The committee] remains concerned about: ...The absence of legislation prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace, notwithstanding reports that it is widespread in the State party" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law and regulations prohibited discrimination with respect to employment and occupation on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, and social origin" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"No specific law prohibits or regulates discrimination regarding sex, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, or communicable diseases with respect to employment or occupation...In free zones, individualized laws govern employment requirements. For example, in the Dubai International Financial Center, employers may not discriminate against any person based on sex, marital status, race, national identity, religion, or disability" (31).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law puts sexual harassment in the same category as discrimination, but women’s rights groups asserted there was no effective mechanism to protect against sexual harassment" (40).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment or occupation regarding race, sex, gender, disability, sexual orientation, and gender identity...The law requires equal pay for equal work" (26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Laws regarding employment and occupation prohibit discrimination based on sex with respect to pay...The law requires equal pay for equal work" (16).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal and punishable by a prison sentence of one to three years. The law establishes a fine between Bs 3,210 ($510) and Bs 6,420 ($1,020) for employers convicted of sexual harassment...The law also prohibits the requirement of a pregnancy test to qualify for a job and provides six weeks of maternity leave prior to birth and a 20-week period of maternity leave after birth or an adoption, and prohibits an employer from firing either parent for two years after a birth or adoption" (31). "The constitution prohibits employment discrimination for every citizen. Labor law prohibits discrimination based on age, race, sex, social condition, creed, marital status, union...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Amendment to the Labour Code, which prohibits sexual harassment at work, in 2012" (2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention and Control in 2007 and the revised Labour Code in 2012, which prohibited workplace sexual harassment" (5).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, or social status, but enforcement of these prohibitions was uneven" (38). "The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace (see section 7.d.)" (40).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment, but labor law prohibits the practice in the workplace" (34). "The law prohibits employment or occupational discrimination based on race, color, gender, tribe, political opinion, creed, place of origin, disability, HIV status, or pregnancy...Labor legislation prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace, and an employer may be held liable for civil remedies if found to be in violation of provisions against 'unfair labor practices,' including sexual harassment. The law does not specify penalties for such violations" (49).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and facilitates legal remedies for those claiming discrimination or harassment in the workplace. Special legal protection against the dismissal of a claimant, however, was only temporary. Employers failing to take reasonable measures to prevent sexual harassment were liable for damages up to the equivalent of six months’ salary" (16). "Labor laws prohibit discrimination with respect to certain types of employment on the basis of gender" (26).