The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-2

June 28, 2020, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"It would increase jail penalties for work-related sexual harassment up to two years and make catcalling a criminal offence" (para 5).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Moreover, in accordance with article 35 of the Constitution, everyone has the right to work, to choose an occupation or type of work, to labour protection and to social protection against unemployment. Restrictions of any kind in employment relations are prohibited. Equal pay must be accorded for equal work. The Labour Code prohibits discrimination in labour relations (art. 7) All citizens have equal employment opportunities. Any distinction, exclusion or preference, or denial of employment on grounds of gender, resulting in violation of equality of opportunity in the area of employment, is prohibited. Distinctions in the labour sphere based on the special requirements of certain types of work or the State’s...more
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Although the law prohibits sexual harassment, it remained a widespread problem. With criminal prosecution a rare secondary step that the complainant must request, the government left enforcement primarily to employers. The Department of Labor issued guidelines to employers on how to handle workplace complaints that allow for remuneration of the victim’s lost compensation plus interest, additional damages, legal fees, and dismissal of the perpetrator in some circumstances" (25).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Standards of Job Assignment by Economic Sectors were also laid down in consideration of women’s physical constitution and characteristics. For instance, it was required that 100 per cent of the telephone operators, telegraphists, electric communications persons, postal matters inspectors and international postal matter handlers in the telecommunications sector, and nurses, practical nurses and dry nurses in the health sector, 90 per cent of hairdressers, laundry handlers and tailors in the welfare service sector, 100 per cent of netmakers and 70 per cent of fresh water fish farmers in the fisheries sector, 70 per cent of pit maintenance persons and 60 per cent of pit electric car operators in the coal-mining...more
May 6, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law requires equal pay for equal work and prohibits discrimination in hiring decisions." (36).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Although the constitution provides the same legal status and rights for women as for men, women experienced considerable economic discrimination. The law does not mandate equal remuneration for work of equal value, nor does it mandate nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring." (34).
March 24, 2020, 3:57 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law says that employers have to protect their staff from sexual harassment, or they could end up at a tribunal. General anti-bullying codes that don’t mention sexual harassment are not enough. Employers need to have strong and specific policies – and to train all their managers how to spot it and stamp it out. Plus, they must set up ways to report sexual harassment that prevent repercussions on the victim" (para 8). "The government has to step up, too. Bringing in fees for employment tribunals has made it harder for women to gain justice when their employer hasn’t stopped sexual harassment: since fees were introduced in July 2013 the...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not distinguish between women and men in employment, and it provides for equal pay for men and women" (38).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"The labor law does not address sexual orientation, political opinion, national origin, social origin, gender identity, HIV status, or other communicable diseases. Authorities did not consistently enforce the law, and discrimination based on race, gender, and disability remained a serious problem in employment and occupation" (36).
Dec. 31, 2019, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In France enterprises employing at least 50 employees have an obligation to produce and action plans on gender equality. Sanctions are foreseen if companies fail to do so. For the first time, as a result of a 2012 decree, two firms were found in April 2013 not to have complied with the legislation on equal pay" (para. 9).
Dec. 31, 2019, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In Finland, employers with 30 or more employees are obliged to promote equality according to a plan concerning pay and other terms of employment drawn up every year in cooperation with employees’ representatives. The plan has to include an analysis of the placement of women and men in different jobs, of the job classification as well as of pay differentials. It must contain measures for achieving equal pay" (para. 8).
Dec. 31, 2019, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Social partners are also obliged to actively consider the reduction of the gender pay gap in collective bargaining. Italian legislation includes the requirement for companies with more than 100 employees to compile a report on the working conditions of women and men in the company" (para. 10).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"An article addressing sexual harassment against women was added to the Law on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women revised in 2005, and the Special Regulations on the Labor Protection of Female Employees formulated and implemented in 2012 clearly stipulate that employers should prevent and prohibit sexual harassment against female employees" (para. 41).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations carry penalties of up to three years in prison… "The constitution requires equal pay for equal work, but discrimination against women in employment existed" (18).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically prohibit sexual harassment, although the labor code states that men and women have the same rights and obligations" (19). "For publicsector employment, the constitution sets a minimum quota of 30 percent for women. The labor code does not define employment discrimination, although it sets out specific provisions with respect to the rights and obligations of foreigners and women such as the conditions to obtain a work permit, foreign worker quotas, and provisions related to maternity leave" (20).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"No law prohibits sexual harassment and it was a problem. The government made no effort to address the problem" (20).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment of not less than one month and not more than six months, and/or a fine of not less than 10,000 pesos ($200) and not more than 20,000 pesos ($400)" (26). "No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sex" (27).
Sept. 17, 2019, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Such agreements are illegal but increasingly common in China, where discrimination against women is on the rise. From the womb to the workplace, from the political arena to the home, women in China are losing ground at every turn." (para 5).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on family background, ethnicity, social condition, age, political or philosophical beliefs, gender, religion, region of origin within the country, place of residence in the country, language, HIV-positive status, or disability. The constitution and law do not specifically prohibit discrimination against persons based on national origin or citizenship, sexual orientation or gender identity, or having communicable diseases other than HIV. The government did not effectively enforce these prohibitions. Labor law does not specifically reiterate these antidiscrimination provisions" (30).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment occurred throughout the country. Legislation passed in 2006 prohibits sexual harassment with a minimum sentence of one year, but there was little or no effective enforcement of the law" (page 40). "The law prohibits discrimination in employment and occupation based on race, gender, language, or social status. The law does not specifically protect against discrimination based on religion, age, political opinion, national origin, disability, pregnancy, sexual orientation, gender identity, or HIV-positive status. Additionally, no law specifically prohibits discrimination in employment of career public service members. The government did not effectively enforce relevant employment laws" (page 52).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal, and conviction is punishable by fines and imprisonment. It is defined in the labor code as any verbal, nonverbal, or bodily behavior of a sexual nature that has the effect of creating an intimidating, hostile, or humiliating work environment for a person. Although rarely reported due to societal pressure, such harassment was nevertheless a common problem, and authorities did not effectively enforce the law" (page 9).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In October the king ordered the government to review antiharassment legislation that would criminalize sexual harassment. Employers in many sectors maintained separate male and female workspaces where feasible, in accordance with law" (41).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law defines sexual harassment as unlawful discrimination, subject to civil penalties. Victims usually avoided legal action due to fear of reprisal, lengthy court proceedings, and lack of accessible legal services" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"No law specifically prohibits sexual harassment, although authorities prosecuted some sexual harassment cases under provisions of the criminal code" (p. 16).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The 2014 labor code prohibits all forms of workplace harassment, including sexual harassment; the constitution prohibits harassment based on sex, race, ethnicity, political opinions, or other grounds. As of September the Ministry of Labor had not documented any case of sexual harassment, despite its frequency. The 2016 criminal code penalizes sexual harassment" (p. 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment, which occurred. A new criminal code, however, enacted in August, provides penalties for sexual harassment ranging from six months to three years in prison and fines from 100,000 to 2,000,000 CFA francs ($176 to $3,533)" (page 16).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of gender but does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment" (Pg 45).
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"There is no law prohibiting sexual harassment, and it was widespread" (p. 8).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"While women enjoy the same rights as men by law, societal and official discrimination were widespread. Women faced discrimination in employment (see section 7.d.). The constitution permits measures, including positive discrimination, to advance gender equality. To encourage the hiring of women, the state paid social services insurance premiums on behalf of employers for several months for any female employee above age 18" (page 51). "The law does not explicitly address sexual orientation, gender identity, color, national origin or citizenship, social origin, communicable disease status, or HIV-positive status. The labor code does not apply to discrimination in the recruitment phase" (page 63).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law allows the top administrative official in a district to impose up to six months’ imprisonment, a maximum fine of NRs 50,000 ($500), or both, against a perpetrator, once a series of internal workplace processes to address a complaint have been exhausted. According to women’s rights activists, the law provides adequate protective measures and compensation for victims, but the penalties are insufficiently severe and the law does not cover the informal sector, where sexual harassment is most common" (Pg 27).