The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-2

Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Legal changes from 2014 remove the mobbing from the list of special forms of discrimination, and at the same time the proceeding for protection from mobbing has been defined in the special Law on Prohibition of Harassment at Work" (Coder comment: workplace mobbing is the harassment of an individual by a group of fellow employees - ARR) (page 7). "In 2014 the Ministry for Human and Minority Rights signed a MoU with the Employers’ Union, with the aim of respecting and promoting gender equality in all the areas of entrepreneurship and in employer-employee relations" (page 9). "The Law on Labour stipulates that an employee has the right to appropriate wage,...more
Aug. 3, 2018, 9:20 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law and regulations prohibited discrimination with respect to employment and occupation on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, and social origin" (21).
Aug. 3, 2018, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal and punishable by a prison sentence of one to three years. The law establishes a fine between Bs 3,210 ($510) and Bs 6,420 ($1,020) for employers convicted of sexual harassment...The law also prohibits the requirement of a pregnancy test to qualify for a job and provides six weeks of maternity leave prior to birth and a 20-week period of maternity leave after birth or an adoption, and prohibits an employer from firing either parent for two years after a birth or adoption" (31). "The constitution prohibits employment discrimination for every citizen. Labor law prohibits discrimination based on age, race, sex, social condition, creed, marital status, union...more
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment, but labor law prohibits the practice in the workplace" (34). "The law prohibits employment or occupational discrimination based on race, color, gender, tribe, political opinion, creed, place of origin, disability, HIV status, or pregnancy...Labor legislation prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace, and an employer may be held liable for civil remedies if found to be in violation of provisions against 'unfair labor practices,' including sexual harassment. The law does not specify penalties for such violations" (49).
Aug. 1, 2018, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The constitution states all citizens 'are equal in rights, freedoms, and general duties without discrimination based on religion, belief, gender, origin, race, color, language, disability, social class, political or geographic affiliation, or any other reason'" (51).
July 26, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor laws prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, gender, religion, political opinion, origin, and disability in the workplace" (28).
July 24, 2018, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment or occupation regarding race, sex, gender, disability, sexual orientation, and gender identity...The law requires equal pay for equal work" (26).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment of women in the workplace" (22). "The law prohibits workplace discrimination, directly or indirectly, against an employee based on color, nationality, tribe or place of origin, race, national extraction, social origin, political opinion or religion, sex, gender, pregnancy, marital status or family responsibility, disability, HIV/AIDS, age, or station in life" (34). "The law requires equal pay for equal work" (35).
July 23, 2018, 11:52 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Laws regarding employment and occupation prohibit discrimination based on sex with respect to pay...The law requires equal pay for equal work" (16).
July 23, 2018, 11:04 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"No specific law prohibits or regulates discrimination regarding sex, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability sexual orientation or gender identity, age, language, or communicable diseases with respect to employment or occupation...In free zones, individualized laws govern employment requirements. For example, in the Dubai International Financial Center, employers may not discriminate against any person based on sex, marital status, race, national identity, religion, or disability" (31).
July 20, 2018, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The constitution prohibits discrimination based on sex, race, language, and religion, but not political opinion, national origin, social origin, disability, sexual orientation, age, or HIV-positive status" (24).
July 19, 2018, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law puts sexual harassment in the same category as discrimination, but women’s rights groups asserted there was no effective mechanism to protect against sexual harassment" (40).
July 19, 2018, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, sex, gender, and disability" (34).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law charges employers with taking steps to prevent sexual harassment in the workplace, including by establishing internal rules about sexual harassment and the redress of complaints, but provides no penalties. Although the law provides that victims of sexual harassment may file complaints with the NHRC, such complaints were rare" (18). "The law prohibits discrimination based on nationality, race, sex or marital status, social origin or status, wealth, religion, or ideology" (28).
July 18, 2018, 8:36 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment of not less than one month and not more than six months, and/or a fine of not less than 10,000 pesos ($223) and not more than 20,000 pesos ($446)" (25). "No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law does prohibit discrimination in employment on the basis of sex" (27).
July 18, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The employment law prohibits discrimination against any employee or prospective employee on the grounds of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, nationality, ethnic or social origin, disability, property, birth, marital or other status, family responsibilities or HIV/AIDS and other communicable disease status, but the government in general did not effectively enforce the law" (26).
July 17, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal; however, it was pervasive in business, government, and schools, and remained a societal problem" (15). "The law provides the same legal status and rights for women as men under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws; however, it does not specifically require equal pay for equal work, nor does it mandate nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring" (16). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on the following: race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin, citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, language, and HIV-positive status or having other communicable diseases" (25).
July 17, 2018, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The 2014 Sexual Harassment at the Workplace (Elimination) Act came into force in February. The law allows the top administrative official in a district to impose up to six months’ imprisonment, a maximum fine of 50,000 rupees ($500), or both, against a perpetrator, once a series of internal workplace processes to address a complaint have been exhausted...the law did not cover the informal sector, where sexual harassment was most common" (29-30).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Act No. 18.868 of 23 December 2011, prohibiting the requirement for a negative pregnancy test upon hiring or at any other time during an employment relationship" (page 2).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"As regards compliance with the principle of 'equal pay for work of equal value', that is a general principle that is enshrined in national legislation. Uruguay has ratified ILO Convention 100, by virtue of Act No. 16063 of 1989" (page 24). "Since 2008, CTIOTE has been promoting the incorporation of gender equality clauses into bargaining by wages councils, with an emphasis on equal pay for work of equal value, equal access to high-level positions and training, elimination of discrimination in hiring and promotion, guarantee and protection of maternity and joint responsibility, and prevention and punishment of sexual and moral harassment" (page 25). "It still remains, however, to make progress on...more
June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"No legislation addresses sexual harassment and no legal remedy exists for victims of sexual harassment, although the prime minister presented a sexual harassment bill in the House of Representatives in December" (12). "Laws and regulations prohibit discrimination on the grounds of race, sex, gender, place of origin, social status, color, disability, religion, or political opinions" (20).
June 26, 2018, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Among the forms of discrimination prohibited by the law are race, sex, gender, social status, age, ethnic background, sexual orientation, nationality, religion, and disability" (13).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In October 2014, the Court of Appeal issued a decision in TerraNova v Service and Food Workers Union (SFWU) on the interpretation of the Equal Pay Act 1972 (EPA). The Court of Appeal confirmed an earlier Employment Court decision that: The EPA provides for equal pay for work of equal value (pay equity) meaning women should receive the same pay as men would be paid for work that requires similar skill, effort and responsibility; The Employment Court may look beyond the immediate employer or industry for comparators if an appropriate comparator does not exist in the immediate employer or industry, and; The Employment Court must take into account any systemic...more
June 25, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and requires employers to protect employees from such harassment. The law prohibits gender-based job discrimination and harassment of subordinates by superiors. Disciplinary measures against offenders, including dismissal, are available. The law considers an employer’s failure to take measures to protect employees from sexual harassment a breach of contract, and an affected employee is entitled to paid leave until the situation is rectified" (8).
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and facilitates legal remedies for those claiming discrimination or harassment in the workplace. Special legal protection against the dismissal of a claimant, however, was only temporary. Employers failing to take reasonable measures to prevent sexual harassment were liable for damages up to the equivalent of six months’ salary" (16). "Labor laws prohibit discrimination with respect to certain types of employment on the basis of gender" (26).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Although the law prohibits sexual harassment, it remained a widespread problem. The government left enforcement primarily to employers, with criminal prosecution a rare secondary step at the initiative of the complainant. The Department of Labor issued guidelines to employers on how to handle workplace complaints that allow for remuneration of the victim’s lost compensation plus interest, additional damages, legal fees, and dismissal of the perpetrator in some circumstances. Tougher punishments are imposed for assault that carry a range of penalties depending on the severity of the act but require the complainant to press charges" (32-33). "The Employment Equity Amendment Act aims to promote equality in the workplace. According to the...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The State Guarantees for Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Women and Men Act is fully consistent with the provisions of article 11 of the Convention. The Act stipulates that the State guarantees equal rights for women and men in the matters of employment. In particular, women and men are guaranteed equal employment opportunities, the free choice of profession, occupation and place of employment, opportunities for entrepreneurial activities, training and re-training, and the reconciliation of work with the responsibilities of parenthood" (29).
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"[The committee] remains concerned about: ...The absence of legislation prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace, notwithstanding reports that it is widespread in the State party" (11).
June 14, 2018, 5:52 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and the government generally enforced this law. Criminal penalties range from a fine to up to two years in prison" (10).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"[The Committee is concerned about] The fact that legislation prohibiting sexual harassment applies only to employers who hold public office and persons in positions of authority" (11)