The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-2

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Despite an extensive legal framework providing for equality for women, such as equal employment opportunities and equal pay, societal and legal discrimination continued. A 2013 report on the Status of Women’s Rights in the Context of Socio-Economic Changes in the DPRK, by the ROK-based NGO Citizens’ Alliance for North Korea Human Rights, stated that it could not detect any major changes as a result of the 2010 Women’s Rights Protection Act. The report noted the act was vague, lacked the designation of an administering agency, did not include punishments for noncompliance, and had no accompanying implementing legislation"(12)."Although the law provides that all citizens 'may enjoy equal rights in all spheres ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Many of the women are not well-informed of the Palestinian Labor Law and the issued laws related to their rights and duties. Consequently, they keep mum about their employers’ violations, such as depriving them of leaves and increasing their work hours without paying them overtime"(para 4).[Safaa] Abed indicated that women are afraid of asking for their rights out of fear of losing their jobs, especially with the slackening of executive authorities. She underlined the importance of protecting women legally. She said, 'Although the Minimum Wage Law was passed three years ago, many organizations are not implementing it. Women have to endure this situation due to the lack of alternatives and ...more
Oct. 23, 2017, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Iceland’s parliament has presented a bill that would require public and private businesses to prove they offer equal pay to employees, in what would be the first such requirement in the world. The bill entails that companies and institutions of a certain size, 25 or more employees, undertake a certification of their equal-pay programmes" (para 1-2). "The [equal pay] law would require private companies and government agencies to go through audits and receive certification that equal pay is provided, or they could face fines" (para 8).
Sept. 22, 2017, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Schiappa is thinking of girls coming of age when she says her first priority is drafting legislation that would make it a crime to harass women on the streets — something that's not covered by a 2012 law prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace" (para 5). "Anne-Cecile Mailfert of the Women's Foundation says paying women less than men is illegal in France, but the law is rarely enforced" (para 23).
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

“There are currently no laws to … combat sexual harassment in the workplace” (para 9).
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

1984 Act 49. Labour Code: Article 3, subsection (b): All citizens capable of working have the opportunity for employment, regardless of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion or national or social origin. Article 8: Preferential treatment of women in employment. (WROLUCFW: P10-11) In the workplace, working women enjoy the right of equality: -Law No. 1263 of 14 January 197(?) [ASF coder comment—the year is missing a digit in the original FAO document]: Law on the Maternity of the Worker. -Law No. 13 of December 18, 1977: Law on the Protection and Health of the Worker. -Law No. 48 of December 28, 1984: Labor Code. -Law No. 61 of December 29, ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"It wasn’t until employment law changed in 1972 that female officers won the right to go out on patrol, make arrests and serve equally alongside men — which is to say that they could sue their employer if they were prohibited from doing so on the basis of gender. Those lawsuits started immediately and continue today: In 2011, Kathleen Green won a suit over the Los Angeles Airport police’s failure to promote her to captain" (para 12).
July 5, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

¨Britain’s 2010 Equality Act prohibits discrimination in the workplace on the basis of gender, age or sexual orientation. But women’s advocates and legal experts said the law was unevenly applied¨(para 16)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"the Committee remains concerned at:..The lack of an adequate prohibition and appropriate sanctions for sexual harassment as well as the fact that the State party has not ratified the core Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111), of the International Labour Organization (ILO)" (11)
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Protection from Harassment Bill, passed in March 2014, strengthens existing laws under the Miscellaneous Offenses Act (MOA). Under the MOA, a person who uses threatening, abusive, or insulting words or behavior can incur a fine of up to S$4,000 ($2,875). The new law criminalizes harassment and cites examples that include harassment both within and outside the workplace, cyberbullying, and bullying of children" (21). "Government guidelines call for eliminating language referring to age, gender, ethnicity, religion, marital status, family responsibility and disability in employment advertisements" (30).
April 26, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations carry penalties of up to three years in prison. The law defines sexual harassment as discriminatory behavior in the workplace, including physical, verbal, and nonverbal acts violating an employee’s dignity" (18). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment or occupation in any way, directly or indirectly, on the grounds of race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin, ethnic origin, disability, sexual orientation, age, trade union membership, and regardless of whether the person is hired for definite or indefinite contracts, or for full or half time work" (27).
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The laws penalize acts of sexual harassment...The law requires employers to protect employees against aggression, violence, and sexual intimidation...Victims of sexual assault or rape in the workplace must report the incidents to police as criminal offenses. The Curacao government has a policy against sexual harassment and a procedure to report violations. Sexual harassment is illegal in Sint Maarten...Aruba has a law explicitly forbidding sexual harassment in the workplace" (14). "In the Netherlands labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination in employment or occupation on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status or other ...more
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit discrimination on the basis of age, gender, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, social status, HIV-positive status, or having other communicable diseases. The law does not specifically prohibit discrimination concerning employment or occupation" (30-31).
April 6, 2017, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits employment discrimination" (16). "Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status" (23).
March 28, 2017, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Two laws prohibit sexual harassment. The general penal code makes sexual harassment punishable by imprisonment for up to two years. The law on equal status defines sexual harassment more broadly as any type of unfair or offensive physical, verbal, or symbolic sexual behavior that is unwanted and affects the self-respect of the victim, and is continued despite a clear indication that the behavior is undesired. The law requires employers and organization supervisors to make specific arrangements to prevent employees, students, and clients from becoming victims of gender-based or sexual harassment. Victims of harassment can report incidents to the Complaints Committee on Equal Status. The law requires only employers with 25 ...more
March 24, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The antidiscrimination law prohibits sexual harassment and treats it as a form of direct discrimination. A person who has been harassed may seek justice through the courts and request compensation for possible harm. The burden of proof is on the accused party, who has to prove that he or she did not discriminate against the accuser. Penalties for conviction may include fines, dismissal from work, or imprisonment for up to eight years" (15-16). "Labor laws and regulations prohibit any kind of discrimination based on nationality, race or ethnic origin, religion, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, disability, HIV-positive status or presence of other communicable diseases, social status, political attitude ...more
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically prohibit sexual harassment, although the labor code states that men and women have the same rights and obligations" (25). "The constitution provides for freedom of work for all citizens and prohibits discrimination based on sex, origin, religion, opinion, or marital status. For publicsector employment, the constitution sets a minimum quota of 30 percent for women. The labor code does not define employment discrimination, although it sets out specific provisions with respect to the rights and obligations of foreigners and women such as the conditions to obtain a work permit, foreign worker quotas, and provisions related to maternity leave" (37-38).
March 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law and regulations do not prohibit discrimination regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, HIV-positive status or having other communicable diseases, or social status" (16).
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides for monetary penalties and award of damages to victims, but the law’s scope is confined to the workplace" (11). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, sex, gender, disability, language, social status, and national origin or citizenship" (12).
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"A new labor code adopted in February prohibits discrimination in employment based on gender, disability, or ethnic identity" (20). "The law does not provide for the same legal status and rights for women as men, including in inheritance, property, employment, credit, and divorce" (23). "The labor code adopted in February prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on sex, religion, political opinion, disability, or ethnicity" (31).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law establishes the principle of gender equality and criminalizes discrimination, but women faced discrimination, particularly in family and labor law, and were less likely to hold management positions" (17). "The law explicitly prohibits discrimination with respect to employment or occupation on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, age, and disability" (28-29).
March 9, 2017, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"No law specifically prohibits sexual harassment, although some sexual harassment cases were prosecuted under provisions of the criminal code" (15). "The law prohibits discrimination in employment or occupation on grounds of gender, race, color, ethnic origin, religion, political opinion, social or economic status, or disability" (23).
March 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits it and requires employers to protect employees from it. A variety of disciplinary measures against harassment in the workplace were available, including dismissal of the perpetrator. The law considers an employer’s failure to take measures to protect employees from sexual harassment to be a breach of contract, and an affected employee has the right to paid leave until the employer rectifies the problem" (19). "The law and associated regulations regarding employment and occupation prohibit discrimination based on race, ethnic origin, sex, religion or belief/world view, disability, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, and HIV and chronic diseases" (28). "The law obliges employers to protect employees from discrimination at ...more
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides for a one year mandatory prison sentence for offenders" (21). "The law also prohibits discrimination in private companies certified by the Department of Labor...Under the Labor Act, a person who commits an offense is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding 50 thousand dalasi ($1,250) for each offense" (30).
March 3, 2017, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and the government generally enforced the law...Employers who fail to protect employees from workplace harassment are subject to fines or a maximum of six months in prison" (12). "The law prohibits pay discrimination on the basis of gender and provides that individuals may receive compensation for lost wages in cases where genderbased discrimination is proven" (12). "The constitution and laws prohibit discrimination in employment or occupation on the basis of race, gender, age, or other personal characteristics, such as disability, religion, political opinion, or health, language, sexual orientation and gender identity, or social status" (20).
March 3, 2017, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"No law prohibits sexual harassment, and it was a widespread problem" (15). "The labor code prohibits discrimination regarding employment and work conditions based on race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, or social background" (22).
March 1, 2017, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Under the Employment Relations law, workers can file complaints on the ground of sexual harassment in the workplace" (17). "The 2007 Employment Promulgation prohibits employment discrimination based on ethnic origin, color, place of origin, gender, sexual orientation, birth, primary language, economic status, age, disability, HIV/AIDS status, social class, marital status, employment status, family status, opinion, religion, or belief" (27).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin nationality, gender, marital status, religion, political affiliation, political outlook, pregnancy, socioeconomic status, disability, or 'any other conditions.' The law specifically recognizes the additional burden on pregnant women and persons with disabilities...The penalty for discrimination on the above grounds is a fine of 1,200 birr ($58)" (39).
Feb. 23, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but there were some reports of sexual harassment in the workplace...An injured party may demand termination of the harmful activity and compensation for damages" (11). "Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination regarding nationality, race, color, political opinion, age, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, and origin" (16).
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination based on race, color, sex, political opinion, national origin, social status, or union affiliation" (30).