The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-2

Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2002 of the State party’s combined initial to third periodic reports (CEDAW/C/TTO/1-3), in particular the adoption of the following legislation: . . . (c) Occupational Safety and Health Act (2004), which requires employers to provide facilities for female employees and protect the health of pregnant women and 'unborn children'" (page 2). "The Committee is concerned, however, at: . . . (e) Information that, notwithstanding the establishment of a steering committee for action against discrimination and sexual harassment in the workplace, a national study on the matter has not been conducted and, therefore, very limited progress has been made in adopting...more
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Although sexual harassment is prohibited by a 2009 High Court guideline, a June 2016 Bangladesh National Woman Lawyers’ Association (BNWLA) document noted that harassment remained a problem" (26).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Labor Employment Act has specific provisions to address sexual harassment in the workplace. NGOs reported that these provisions were generally enforced" (13).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law aims to prevent violence and harassment at work, obliging companies to set up internal procedures to handle employee complaints. Sexist remarks and attitudes targeting a specific individual are illegal; fines for violations range from 50 to 1,000 euros ($60 to $1,200)" (9). "Labor laws and regulations related to employment or occupation prohibit discrimination based on...sex, gender...and/or gender identity...The government effectively enforced these laws and regulations" (14). "The law requires that one-third of the board members of publicly traded companies, but not private ones, be women" (15).
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits any discrimination, negative or preferential, based on race, color, sex, religion, age, family status, political opinion, national extraction or social origin, language, gender identity, disability, health status, pregnancy, genetic inheritance, or trade union membership that has the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity, treatment in employment, or occupation capacity building. The law specifically prohibits discrimination based on gender, or gender identity, and applies to access to employment, self-employment, and choice of occupation" (para 171)
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party, in particular the special measures establishing a minimum proportion of women in each category of employment, but is concerned that the measures result in the segregation of targeted posts" (5). "The continued sex-segregation of the workforce, with labour laws and directives assigning specific jobs to women while impeding their access to others, based on perceived characteristics of women as a group and not taking into consideration the individual potential of each woman and impeding the achievement of gender equality at work... The Committee is concerned about the... the absence of legislation specifically criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace and the lack...more
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Although the law prohibits discrimination based on gender in employment and wages and provides for class action antidiscrimination suits, a wage gap between men and women persisted" (para 155)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment remained a problem. The law prohibits some forms of sexual harassment, but legal and gender experts regarded the legislation as inadequate. There were reports of incidents of harassment, but in no instance was the law used to protect the victim, nor were there reports of any prosecutions. No law protects women from sexual harassment, and only force or taking advantage of a victim’s physical helplessness carries criminal liability in terms of sexual assault" (page 29). "Law and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on gender, age, disability, race, ethnicity, language, place of residence, religion, political opinion, affiliation with tribe or class, public associations, or...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law mandates prison terms of five months to three years and fines of 50,000 to 500,000 CFA francs ($87 to $870) for sexual harassment, but the problem was widespread. The government did not effectively enforce the law, and women’s rights groups claimed victims of sexual harassment found it difficult, if not impossible, to present proof that was sufficient to secure conviction" (page 15). "The labor law prohibits discrimination in employment and occupation based on national origin, race, sex, and religion. The law does not explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. The government did not effectively enforce the antidiscrimination provisions of the law" (page 24).more
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In September the Interior Ministry issued an order requiring all officials to hire only secretaries of their own gender. Women remained banned from working in coffee houses and from performing music alongside men with very limited exceptions made for traditional music" (para 203)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The same law also designates the man as the head of the household. As such, married women who work outside the home are taxed at a higher rate than working husbands, who receive preferential tax treatment as the head of household" (para 152). "The law prohibits discrimination in employment based on sex, race, ethnicity, social origin, disability, religion, and political opinion" (para 220). "Under the labor law, domestic workers are not provided with a minimum wage, health insurance, freedom of association, an eight-hour workday, a weekly day of rest, vacation time, or safe work conditions" (para 223). "The law provides workers can remove themselves from situations that endanger health or...more
Oct. 4, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

The legislation now extends the term violence to acts of aggression and abuse via text messages, vocal messages or photos, sexual exploitation, aggression and abuse in the workplace and harshens punishment in situations like pregnancy or in the event that violence is perpetrated by people who are known to the victim, like colleagues (para 4).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Both the criminal and labor codes criminalize various forms of sexual harassment. Violators face penalties of one to three years in prison and possible suspension of their professional licenses, but the government did not effectively enforce the law. Sexual harassment was a serious societal problem, but it was underreported due to fear of stigma and reprisal" (para 105)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The labor law passed in August provides for new protections against discrimination, including prohibition of sexual harassment in the workplace" (para 303)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Women enjoy the same employment opportunities and are subject to the same hiring procedures as men. Job vacancies are announced by competent agencies in the Government or private sector, and citizens of both sexes may apply. Women are free to select their profession and work as they wish and are offered the same promotion and job security opportunities as men, as well as all employment benefits and terms. They are entitled to receive training, vocational retraining, advanced vocational training and recurrent training. The laws and regulations do not discriminate between, and provide for the equal treatment of, men and women in respect of wages and benefits" (Pg 28).more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Laws that came into effect in 2014 regarding sexual harassment and sexual offenses criminalized spousal rape and gender discrimination in workplaces, including in educational institutions and service providers such as hospitals" (17). "The law bans sexual harassment in the workplace, but the government did not enforce the law effectively" (19). "The law and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation on the basis of race, color, sex, political opinion, religion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, language, age, sexual orientation or gender identity, and HIV positive status or other communicable diseases" (26).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation because of race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status" (40).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as men under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. The law requires equal pay for equal work " (para 110). "With respect to employment and occupation, labor laws prohibit discrimination based on race, color, sex, disability, social origin, nationality, political orientation, or religion" (para 143). "Discrimination against women was common in the workplace and occurred in an environment of impunity. There is no legal prohibition against sexual harassment" (para 144)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace, but harassment reportedly continued to be a problem, although few cases came to trial. The punishment in minor cases can be between three and five months in jail or fines of six to eight months’ salary. In aggravated cases it can be five to seven months’ jail time or fines of 10 to 14 months’ salary. The court can increase penalties for victims the court determines may be especially vulnerable" (12). "Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, color, sex..." (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status. The government did not effectively enforce these laws and regulations" (31).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment...Complaints of sexual harassment as well as sex discrimination may be submitted to the HRC. The HRC received 222 complaints of sexual harassment from July 2013 to June 2014; separate statistics on resolution of harassment complaints were not available." (15). "Federal and state and territory laws provide protections against employment discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or other communicable diseases...The law requires organizations with 100 or more employees to establish a workplace program to remove barriers to women entering and advancing in their organization. The law also...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Further, the Committee is concerned that sexual harassment is only criminalized as a conduct occurring in the workplace (art. 2 of the Labour Code) and against minors (Act No. 20526)" (4).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment but includes measures to identify companies that fail to prevent it, and prefectural labor offices and the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) provided these companies with advice, guidance, and recommendations" (15). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, sex, personal or political beliefs, national origin or citizenship, social status or origin, disability, age, and some communicable diseases, such as leprosy...In 2014 the enforcement regulation of the equal employment opportunity law was revised to cover 'indirect discrimination' for all types of workers related to recruitment, hiring, promotion, and changes of job type, but the enforcement mechanism...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment but includes measures to identify companies that fail to prevent it, and prefectural labor offices and the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) provided these companies with advice, guidance, and recommendations" (15). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, sex, personal or political beliefs, national origin or citizenship, social status or origin, disability, age, and some communicable diseases, such as leprosy...In 2014 the enforcement regulation of the equal employment opportunity law was revised to cover 'indirect discrimination' for all types of workers related to recruitment, hiring, promotion, and changes of job type, but the enforcement mechanism...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides civil penalties. Sexual contact induced by certain threats may also fall under the criminal code, with a maximum 14-year prison sentence...Women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men, and the law prohibits discrimination in employment and rates of pay for equal or similar work." (8). "The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV positive status or other communicable diseases" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law provides that “employees shall not be subjected to harassment or other unseemly behavior,” and the government effectively enforced this provision. Employers who violate this law are subject to fines or prison sentences of up to two years, depending on the seriousness of the offense" (11). "The law mandates that 40 percent of the members of boards of directors of publicly listed companies be women, and virtually all public companies complied with the law" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment of not less than one month and not more than six months, and/or a fine of not less than 10,000 pesos ($223) and not more than 20,000 pesos ($446)" (25). "No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law does prohibit discrimination in employment on the basis of sex" (27).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment generally…" (10). "All public employers and private firms that employ 30 or more persons are required to enact preventive measures and establish complaint procedures to deter sexual harassment" (19).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment of women in the workplace" (22). "The law prohibits workplace discrimination, directly or indirectly, against an employee based on color, nationality, tribe or place of origin, race, national extraction, social origin, political opinion or religion, sex, gender, pregnancy, marital status or family responsibility, disability, HIV/AIDS, age, or station in life" (34). "The law requires equal pay for equal work" (35).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal in both the public and private sectors. The law specifies maximum fines of 20,000 baht ($550) for individuals convicted of sexual harassment. The punishment depends on the degree of harassment. Abuse categorized as an indecent act may result in maximum 15 years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of 30,000 baht ($830). The penalty depends upon the degree of severity and the age of the victim. The law governing the civil service also prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates five levels of punishment: probation, docked wages, salary decrease, suspension, and termination" (37). "In mid-year the government passed the Gender Equality Act, imposing a maximum jail term of six...more