The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-LAW-2

Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2011 of the State party's initial report in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following...Royal Decree No. 78/2013, in 2013, providing for the principle of equal pay for work of equal value in the civil service" (1-2). "The Committee notes with appreciation that the Labour Law (2003) affirms the prohibition of sex discrimination and prevents an employer from dismissing a female worker on the basis of maternity" (12).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Like the Amended Basic Law, those laws do not discriminate between women and men with respect to the right to work, employment opportunities, wages, or any other rights related public, private or civil-sector employment" (42). "The Civil Service Act does not differentiate between male and female employees with regard to wages and benefits for public posts. That is true for base salaries, bonuses and any other compensation. Female employees have the right to equal pay for equal work. The same applies to the Labour Law, which explicitly prohibits discrimination between men and women as regards working conditions and terms of employment, including all financial benefits including wages, allowances, bonuses and ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, noon
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Further, the Committee is concerned that sexual harassment is only criminalized as a conduct occurring in the workplace (art. 2 of the Labour Code) and against minors (Act No. 20526)" (4).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Discrimination Act entered into force on 1 January 2009 and replaced 7 former laws against discrimination, including the Equal Opportunities Act (1991:433). The purpose of the Discrimination Act is to combat discrimination and in other ways promote equal rights and opportunities regardless of sex, transgender identity or expression, ethnicity, religion or other belief, disability, sexual orientation or age. The Discrimination Act provides more comprehensive protection from discrimination than the previous discrimination legislation. Prohibitions against discrimination apply to the following areas of society: working life; education; labour market policy activities and employment services not under public contract; starting or running a business; professional recognition; membership of an employees’ organisation, employers’ ...more
Feb. 2, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides civil penalties. Sexual contact induced by certain threats may also fall under the criminal code, with a maximum 14-year prison sentence...Women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men, and the law prohibits discrimination in employment and rates of pay for equal or similar work." (8). "The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV positive status or other communicable diseases" (15).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the Constitutional and legislative guarantees, including in the Personal and Family Code and Labour Code, prohibiting sex-based discrimination and harassment and protection of equal opportunities of women and men in employment [...] The Committee is concerned that victims of That victims of gender-based discrimination and sexual harassment in the workplace have limited access to redress due to onerous evidentiary requirements," (9).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment...Complaints of sexual harassment as well as sex discrimination may be submitted to the HRC. The HRC received 222 complaints of sexual harassment from July 2013 to June 2014; separate statistics on resolution of harassment complaints were not available." (15). "Federal and state and territory laws provide protections against employment discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or other communicable diseases...The law requires organizations with 100 or more employees to establish a workplace program to remove barriers to women entering and advancing in their organization. The law also ...more
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The lack of provision in the Labour Code for the principle of equal pay for men and women for work of equal value" (Pg 13).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal in both the public and private sectors. The law specifies maximum fines of 20,000 baht ($550) for individuals convicted of sexual harassment. The punishment depends on the degree of harassment. Abuse categorized as an indecent act may result in maximum 15 years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of 30,000 baht ($830). The penalty depends upon the degree of severity and the age of the victim. The law governing the civil service also prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates five levels of punishment: probation, docked wages, salary decrease, suspension, and termination" (37). "In mid-year the government passed the Gender Equality Act, imposing a maximum jail term of six ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In 1988, the Employment (Equal Opportunities) Law 5748-1988 was passed. The law dictates: "An employer shall not discriminate among his employees or among persons seeking employment on account of their sex, sexual tendencies, personal status or because of their age, race, religion, nationality, country of origin, views, party or duration of reserve service" (13). The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including...laws extending the prohibited grounds of discrimination in employment...[and] an ammendment law on sexual harassment" (14).
Jan. 9, 2018, 8:33 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"As of January 1, 2018, Iceland has become the first country to enact a law that makes it illegal to pay men more than women. Iceland is now the only country in the world that has legalized equal pay between the sexes. Now, public and private employers in Iceland that have 25 or more employees will have to obtain government certification of equal pay policies, or face fines" (para 1-2).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"On July 26, the Tunisian parliament passed the Law on Eliminating Violence Against Women, which introduces criminal provisions and penalties for perpetrators of domestic violence, and includes provisions to prevent child labor, sexual harassment in public places, and pay discrimination" (para 6).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in cases of established employer-employee relations in the public and private sectors and in teacher-student relations.Violators face a maximum three-year prison sentence. The extent of the problem was difficult to determine, because convictions for sexual harassment were rare, and pre-employment sexual harassment was not actionable"(17)."Despite a lack of statistics, the Ombudsman’s Office shared anecdotal information of a perceived increase in recently hired women who were fired once their pregnancies were known. Although an illegal practice, many potential employers requested pregnancy tests"(18)."The law does not prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation, and there was societal discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, which often led ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

Some firms choose to sacrifice the observance of legal regulations faced with the realization of a decrease in labor costs. They hold that female employees who get married or have a child will spend less time on their work, become less efficient in their jobs and create financial burdens upon them. As a result, certain enterprises become more and more reluctant to hire women or take radical measures to discourage female employees in their bids to get married or bear children. For instance, women in relationships are required not to get married or raise a child in the following years; wait in line to become pregnant; or dismiss themselves. Women's ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Despite an extensive legal framework providing for equality for women, such as equal employment opportunities and equal pay, societal and legal discrimination continued. A 2013 report on the Status of Women’s Rights in the Context of Socio-Economic Changes in the DPRK, by the ROK-based NGO Citizens’ Alliance for North Korea Human Rights, stated that it could not detect any major changes as a result of the 2010 Women’s Rights Protection Act. The report noted the act was vague, lacked the designation of an administering agency, did not include punishments for noncompliance, and had no accompanying implementing legislation"(12)."Although the law provides that all citizens 'may enjoy equal rights in all spheres ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Many of the women are not well-informed of the Palestinian Labor Law and the issued laws related to their rights and duties. Consequently, they keep mum about their employers’ violations, such as depriving them of leaves and increasing their work hours without paying them overtime"(para 4).[Safaa] Abed indicated that women are afraid of asking for their rights out of fear of losing their jobs, especially with the slackening of executive authorities. She underlined the importance of protecting women legally. She said, 'Although the Minimum Wage Law was passed three years ago, many organizations are not implementing it. Women have to endure this situation due to the lack of alternatives and ...more
Oct. 23, 2017, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Iceland’s parliament has presented a bill that would require public and private businesses to prove they offer equal pay to employees, in what would be the first such requirement in the world. The bill entails that companies and institutions of a certain size, 25 or more employees, undertake a certification of their equal-pay programmes" (para 1-2). "The [equal pay] law would require private companies and government agencies to go through audits and receive certification that equal pay is provided, or they could face fines" (para 8).
Sept. 22, 2017, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Schiappa is thinking of girls coming of age when she says her first priority is drafting legislation that would make it a crime to harass women on the streets — something that's not covered by a 2012 law prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace" (para 5). "Anne-Cecile Mailfert of the Women's Foundation says paying women less than men is illegal in France, but the law is rarely enforced" (para 23).
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

“There are currently no laws to … combat sexual harassment in the workplace” (para 9).
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

1984 Act 49. Labour Code: Article 3, subsection (b): All citizens capable of working have the opportunity for employment, regardless of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion or national or social origin. Article 8: Preferential treatment of women in employment. (WROLUCFW: P10-11) In the workplace, working women enjoy the right of equality: -Law No. 1263 of 14 January 197(?) [ASF coder comment—the year is missing a digit in the original FAO document]: Law on the Maternity of the Worker. -Law No. 13 of December 18, 1977: Law on the Protection and Health of the Worker. -Law No. 48 of December 28, 1984: Labor Code. -Law No. 61 of December 29, ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"It wasn’t until employment law changed in 1972 that female officers won the right to go out on patrol, make arrests and serve equally alongside men — which is to say that they could sue their employer if they were prohibited from doing so on the basis of gender. Those lawsuits started immediately and continue today: In 2011, Kathleen Green won a suit over the Los Angeles Airport police’s failure to promote her to captain" (para 12).
July 5, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

¨Britain’s 2010 Equality Act prohibits discrimination in the workplace on the basis of gender, age or sexual orientation. But women’s advocates and legal experts said the law was unevenly applied¨(para 16)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"the Committee remains concerned at:..The lack of an adequate prohibition and appropriate sanctions for sexual harassment as well as the fact that the State party has not ratified the core Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111), of the International Labour Organization (ILO)" (11)
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Protection from Harassment Bill, passed in March 2014, strengthens existing laws under the Miscellaneous Offenses Act (MOA). Under the MOA, a person who uses threatening, abusive, or insulting words or behavior can incur a fine of up to S$4,000 ($2,875). The new law criminalizes harassment and cites examples that include harassment both within and outside the workplace, cyberbullying, and bullying of children" (21). "Government guidelines call for eliminating language referring to age, gender, ethnicity, religion, marital status, family responsibility and disability in employment advertisements" (30).
April 26, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations carry penalties of up to three years in prison. The law defines sexual harassment as discriminatory behavior in the workplace, including physical, verbal, and nonverbal acts violating an employee’s dignity" (18). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment or occupation in any way, directly or indirectly, on the grounds of race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin, ethnic origin, disability, sexual orientation, age, trade union membership, and regardless of whether the person is hired for definite or indefinite contracts, or for full or half time work" (27).
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The laws penalize acts of sexual harassment...The law requires employers to protect employees against aggression, violence, and sexual intimidation...Victims of sexual assault or rape in the workplace must report the incidents to police as criminal offenses. The Curacao government has a policy against sexual harassment and a procedure to report violations. Sexual harassment is illegal in Sint Maarten...Aruba has a law explicitly forbidding sexual harassment in the workplace" (14). "In the Netherlands labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination in employment or occupation on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status or other ...more
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit discrimination on the basis of age, gender, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, social status, HIV-positive status, or having other communicable diseases. The law does not specifically prohibit discrimination concerning employment or occupation" (30-31).
April 6, 2017, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits employment discrimination" (16). "Labor laws and regulations prohibit discrimination regarding race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation or gender identity, HIV-positive status or other communicable diseases, or social status" (23).
March 28, 2017, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Two laws prohibit sexual harassment. The general penal code makes sexual harassment punishable by imprisonment for up to two years. The law on equal status defines sexual harassment more broadly as any type of unfair or offensive physical, verbal, or symbolic sexual behavior that is unwanted and affects the self-respect of the victim, and is continued despite a clear indication that the behavior is undesired. The law requires employers and organization supervisors to make specific arrangements to prevent employees, students, and clients from becoming victims of gender-based or sexual harassment. Victims of harassment can report incidents to the Complaints Committee on Equal Status. The law requires only employers with 25 ...more
March 24, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The antidiscrimination law prohibits sexual harassment and treats it as a form of direct discrimination. A person who has been harassed may seek justice through the courts and request compensation for possible harm. The burden of proof is on the accused party, who has to prove that he or she did not discriminate against the accuser. Penalties for conviction may include fines, dismissal from work, or imprisonment for up to eight years" (15-16). "Labor laws and regulations prohibit any kind of discrimination based on nationality, race or ethnic origin, religion, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, age, disability, HIV-positive status or presence of other communicable diseases, social status, political attitude ...more