The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 22, 2019, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Barbados can work the same night hours as men. Women can work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are not able to perform the same tasks at work as men (65). The ages at which women and men can retire with full and partial pension benefits are equal (65).
Feb. 22, 2019, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Bangladesh can work the same night hours as men. Women cannot work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are not able to perform the same tasks at work as men (65). The mandatory retirement ages for women and men are equal (65).
Feb. 22, 2019, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Bahrain can work the same night hours as men. Women cannot work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are not able to perform the same tasks at work as men (64). The ages at which men and women can retire with full and partial pension benefits are not equal. The mandatory retirement ages for women and men are equal (64).
Feb. 22, 2019, 10 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in the Bahamas can work the same night hours as men, work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate, and perform the same tasks at work as men. The ages at which men and women can retire with full and partial pension benefits are equal (64).
Feb. 22, 2019, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Azerbaijan canot work the same night hours as men, or work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are not able to perform the same tasks at work as men. The ages at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits are equal (63).
Feb. 22, 2019, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Austria can work the same night hours as men, work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate, and perform the same tasks at work as men. The ages at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits are equal (63).
Feb. 22, 2019, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Reports suggested sexual harassment existed in the workplace" (18). "Women were underrepresented in the upper levels of government-owned economic enterprises and were concentrated in the health-care, education, and service professions. The government restricted women from working in some dangerous and environmentally unsafe jobs" (19).
Feb. 21, 2019, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Australia can work the same night hours as men, work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate, and perform the same tasks at work as men. The ages at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits are equal (62).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

According to the table, women in Armenia can work the same night hours as men, work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate, and perform the same tasks at work as men. The ages at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits are equal (62).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

According to the table, women in Argentina can work the same night hours as men, but are not able to work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate, or perform the same tasks at work as men. The ages at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits are not equal, but the mandatory retirement ages for men and women are equal (61).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

According to the table, women in Angola can work the same night hours as men, but are not able to work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate, or perform the same tasks at work as men. The ages at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits are equal (60).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

According to the table, women in Algeria cannot work the same night hours as men, or work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate in the same way as men, but can perform the same tasks at work as men. The ages at which men and women can retire with full or partial pension benefits are not equal, nor are the mandatory retirement ages for men and women equal (60).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

According the table, women can work the same night hours as men and work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous or morally inappropriate in the same way as men, but are not able to perform the same tasks at work as men (59). According to the table, the ages at which men and women in Albania can retire with full or partial pension benefits are not equal (59).
Feb. 21, 2019, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

According to the table, women cannot work the same night hours as men (59). According to the table, women cannot work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous or morally inappropriate in the same way as men (59). According to the table, women are legally able to perform the same tasks at work as men (59). According to the table, mandatory retirement ages for men and women are equal (59).
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, which is punishable by up to two years’ imprisonment. Sexual harassment was a problem, however, and the government was not effective at enforcing the prohibition against it" (para 56). "The law affords women broadly defined wage protections and requires equal pay for equal work for both men and women; it also states that employers should not force women to carry loads above certain weight limits" (para 93). "Women had equal access to education, employment, housing, and government services, and could inherit land" (para 60). "A large majority of women held unskilled labor jobs" (para 94).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women experienced economic discrimination due to social norms that favored men, and their access to education and employment was limited (see section 7.d.)" (page 22). "The government’s Labor Inspection Agency is responsible for investigating and preventing discrimination based on race, gender, religion, political opinion, nationality, or ethnicity, but the laws were not effectively enforced. Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to gender, sexual orientation, disability, and ethnicity (see section 6). The government was the major formal-sector employer and ostensibly paid women the same as men for similar work, but differences in job descriptions permitted pay inequality. There were cases where employers from southern ethnic groups discriminated against individuals...more
Feb. 8, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"It also removed restrictions on women’s employment in mining and jobs deemed hazardous and arduous" (p. 37).
Feb. 8, 2019, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Azerbaijan is gradually increasing and equalizing the ages at which men and women can retire and receive pension benefits" (p. 36).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but authorities did not enforce the law effectively, and it remained a widespread problem. According to the UN Population Fund, the labor law does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment in the workplace; it merely gives a male or female employee the right to resign without prior notice from his or her position in the event that an indecent offense is committed towards the employee or a family member by the employer or his or her representative, without any legal consequences for the perpetrator. Legal consequences are cited in the penal code and the criminal procedure" (Pg 28).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment, indecent exposure, and sexual assault. Penalties for those convicted of sexual harassment are at the discretion of the court. Victims rarely reported sexual harassment. According to WLSA, sexual harassment in the textile sector was on the increase. Police also believed sexual harassment to be widespread in the workplace and elsewhere. The CGPU prepared radio programs to raise public awareness of the problem" (Pg 17). "The law prohibits discrimination against women in access to employment or credit, education, pay, housing, or in owning or managing businesses. Women, however, faced discrimination in employment, business, and access to credit (see section 7.d.)" (Pg 19). "Despite the law prohibiting...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"According to the local NGO Shans, sexual harassment was widespread, especially in private-sector workplaces and among university students, but it was rarely reported or prosecuted. The law prohibits physical sexual assault but not verbal sexual harassment" (Pg 25).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women and men enjoy the same legal status. By law women can inherit land and property, are entitled to receive equal pay for equal work, have the right of equal access to education, and can own and manage businesses. Women experienced discrimination, however, in such areas as employment (see section 7.d.), credit, pay, education, and housing. In rural areas traditional practice or traditional leaders often did not recognize a woman’s right to inherit land. Programs to educate traditional leaders about women’s rights made some progress, but authorities often did not enforce those rights" (Pg 17). "Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to gender, disability, and HIV-positive status (see...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"On October 27, the Public Ministry charged Angel Gomez Verlangieri, mayor of the city of Limpio, with sexual harassment and invasion of privacy. The victim alleged that the sexual harassment began when she was a minor. The case was pending at year’s end" (page 22).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"To improve access to employment, the UK Government has built capability in Jobcentres, which helps staff to support BAME women to overcome barriers they may face to gaining work… In Scotland, a new £500,000 Workplace Equality Fund aims to address longstanding barriers to accessing the labour market. It is likely to focus on recruitment and progression for women" (7). "Skills Development Scotland (SDS) published a five-year Equalities Action Plan for Modern Apprenticeships (MA) in Scotland... The Action Plan includes activity to address gender imbalance within some MA occupation frameworks (e.g. females in STEM related apprenticeships)" (11). "In 2015, Welsh Government launched a Call for Evidence on increasing the representation of...more
Feb. 4, 2019, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on sex, age, race, color, nationality, religion, political opinion, social origin, residence, disability, HIV-positive status, membership or activity in trade unions, as well as other criteria unrelated to the professional qualities such as sexual orientation. The law requires employers to provide for equal opportunity and treatment of all employees without discrimination, to apply the same criteria to assess each employee’s work, and to provide for equal conditions for men and women relating to work and family obligations. The law defines and prohibits both direct and indirect discrimination as well as the worst forms of discrimination, which include discrimination based on two or more protected grounds....more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (f) Programme on gender equality and equity at work, aimed at promoting the entry of women into the labour market and committing private companies to gender equality, in 2013" (2). "The Committee notes the information provided by the State party on the integration of gender mainstreaming into the “Find a Job” and “Decent Work” programmes of the National Labour Inspection Directorate of the Ministry of Labour and Social Security. It nevertheless remains concerned about: (a) The...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"During the year the Justice Ministry inaugurated vocational training programs in several penitentiaries. The ministry signed a public-private partnership agreement with the Tokyo-based Fujikura Company to set up and finance an auto parts assembly factory within the women’s prison in Ciudad del Este" (page 6). "The law prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates a penalty of two years in prison or a fine; however, sexual harassment remained a widespread problem for many women, especially in workplace environments. Prosecutors found sexual harassment and abuse claims difficult to prove because of victims’ fear of workplace retaliation and societal pressures against victims, many of whom dropped their complaints or were unwilling to continue cooperating...more
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Article 23 of the Private Sector Labour Act (No. 6 of 2010), which prohibits women from carrying out any employment at night or that is considered “dangerous, hard or harmful to health” (pg. 4).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that a bill on harassment and political violence towards women is in process" (9). "The Committee reiterates its concern about the disproportionately high unemployment rate among women, their concentration in low-paid jobs in the informal labour sector and persistent horizontal and vertical occupational segregation. It notes with concern: a) The lack of targeted measures to facilitate the entry of women into the formal labour sector; b) The persistent gender wage gap, job insecurity linked to illegal testing for pregnancy and HIV without women’s informed consent in hiring and job-retaining procedures in the maquila industry, inadequate working conditions, mainly in the maquila industry, and situations of child labour;...more
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Owing to restrictions on freedom of movement in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Palestinian women and girls continue to be subjected to harassment at checkpoints and by settlers on their way to and from school and work" (pg. 9). "The Committee welcomes the adoption, in 2014, of Amendment No. 5 to the Male and Female Workers (Equal Pay) Law, which provides that public bodies that have an obligation to submit reports regarding employees’ salaries should include a “gender account”. The Committee also welcomes the adoption, in 2013, of regulations for encouraging the incorporation and promotion of women in employment and adapting employment positions for women, providing for a selection process for...more