The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 9, 2018, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"A Saudi Arabian journalist has become the first woman to anchor the main news bulletin on the country's state-run TV channel" (para. 1). "The Crown Prince's 'Vision 2030'-plan seeks to modernise Saudi Arabia, preparing it for a 'post-oil era'. As part of this, Saudi Arabia is now allowing women to drive, attend football games and take on jobs that once fell outside the narrow confines of traditional gender roles" (para. 7 - 8).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on being one of the first countries to enact legislation on counting unremunerated work (1996) and on its efforts to improve the labour participation of women. The Committee is concerned, however, at: . . . persistent occupational segregation in the labour market, where women are often engaged in temporary work . . . (d) The fact that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, the State party has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization" (page 10). "The Committee . . . is concerned, however, at: . . . (c) Information that the...more
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Although sexual harassment is prohibited by a 2009 High Court guideline, a June 2016 Bangladesh National Woman Lawyers’ Association (BNWLA) document noted that harassment remained a problem and monitoring and enforcement of the guidelines were poor, which sometimes prevented girls from attending school or work" (26). "The lower-wage garment sector traditionally offered greater employment opportunities for women... Women were also subjected to abuse in factories, including sexual harassment" (38).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides women the same legal status and rights as men and 'equal pay for equal work performed in equal jobs, hours of work, and conditions of efficiency.' According to INMUJERES, women continued to earn between 5 and 30 percent less than men for comparable work" (para. 20)."INMUJERES reported 14 percent of women age 15 and older had been required to take a pre-employment pregnancy test to obtain employment, despite labor laws that prohibit employers from requiring such tests. Women earned approximately 65 percent of their male counterparts. Their access to professional opportunities was often blocked by social structures and expectations, and many faced genderbased violence at work. The...more
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides women the same legal status and rights as men and 'equal pay for equal work performed in equal jobs, hours of work, and conditions of efficiency.' According to INMUJERES, women continued to earn between 5 and 30 percent less than men for comparable work" (para. 20)."INMUJERES reported 14 percent of women age 15 and older had been required to take a pre-employment pregnancy test to obtain employment, despite labor laws that prohibit employers from requiring such tests. Women earned approximately 65 percent of their male counterparts. Their access to professional opportunities was often blocked by social structures and expectations, and many faced genderbased violence at work. The...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"To encourage the hiring of women, the state began paying in 2011 the social services insurance premiums on behalf of the employer for several months for any female employee over age 18 . . . Women continued to face discrimination in employment" (page 58). "Women continued to face discrimination in employment and generally were underrepresented in managerial-level positions in business and government . . . Women mostly served as unpaid family workers with no social protection apart from that afforded by other family members" (page 72).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The minimum age for employment is 13… Girls were employed primarily as domestic workers, where they were vulnerable to abuse and exploitation" (18).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The one example of protections for women, the Social Security Law of 2012’s provisions for pregnant women, is not routinely enforced. In fact, women report that they are either unaware of the right to take leave or reluctant to assert this right for fear of losing their job" (page 4). "Women lose economic and job opportunities due to development projects, which employ mostly men and which use up arable land" (page 18).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The government generally enforced antiharassment laws. Politicians and organizations such as the Federal Institute for the Equality of Men and Women worked to raise awareness of the problem" (9). "Discrimination against women who wore a headscarf was common in the labor market" (11). "Restrictions on Islamic clothing in public and private sector employment, schools, and public spaces affected Muslim women in particular" (12). "The law continued to permit companies to prohibit outward displays of religious affiliation, including headscarves... Employers discriminated in employment and occupation against women... and members of certain minorities as well as against internal and foreign migrant workers. The government took legal action based on antidiscrimination laws" (14)....more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation the adoption of the Mexican Regulation on Employment Equality (NMX-R-025-SCFI-2009), a non-binding instrument which certifies public, social and private organizations that include a gender perspective in their employment practices" (2). "The Committee expresses its deep concern about the risks women human rights defenders and journalists face in the exercise of their professional activities in the State party and at the fact that a number of them had to leave their domicile to seek a place where their life and security would not be threatened" (7). "It is concerned at the feminization of certain fields of education, such as teaching and the low participation of girls...more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"According to women’s rights organizations, sexual harassment on the job was common, and victims did not report it due to fear of physical retaliation or dismissal" (para 118). "The BSPK also reported instances of employers discriminating against female candidates in employment interviews, and illegally firing women for being pregnant or requesting maternity leave" (para 172). "Women’s rights organizations reported that sexual abuse and harassment occurred on the job but went unreported due to fear of expulsion or retaliation" (para 179)
Nov. 9, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Saudi working women have launched a social media hashtag to reject links between the rise in divorce figures and the trend of women taking up employment" (para 1).
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s retirement age being set at 55 years, compared with 60 years for men, and its consequences for their pension benefits, economic independence and access to decision-making positions… The Committee is concerned about the lack of recognition... to the assumable high incidence of sexual harassment and sexual violence against women in the workplace, the absence of... protection services with trained personnel to support women seeking redress" (10). "The Committee is concerned about the limited information on the situation of women and girls with disabilities in the State party and on the services available, in particular access to... employment" (12).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Sexual harassment remained a problem. . . . There were reports of incidents of harassment, but in no instance was the law used to protect the victim, nor were there reports of any prosecutions" (page 29). "
Oct. 31, 2018, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Japan created a program called 'womenomics' in 2013 in order to be able to "add 7.1 million employees and lift Japan’s gross domestic product by nearly 13 percent" (para 3). "In Japan, the ultimate hope was that women would no longer be faced with the cruel choice between remaining single (to pursue a career among men) or having a family (and giving up a career)" (para. 4). "Ingrained attitudes and policies change slowly. Earlier this year, for example, a Japanese day care worker was forced to apologize to colleagues for becoming pregnant out of turn. Her company’s director had apparently dictated that a more senior worker be allowed to get...more
Oct. 28, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Hijab-wearing women have also been refused employment and medical care. Asked why, the Health Ministry claimed to Forum 18 that it 'is not responsible for hospitals'" (para 4). "A graduate of Tajik National University, who wished to remain anonymous for fear of state reprisals, told Forum 18 on 3 October that 'as soon as employers saw me in a hijab when I came for interview, they would reject me'" (para 21).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Other major human rights problems included: . . . sexual harassment of and discrimination against women . . . violence and discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons; discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS; trafficking in persons; and child labor, including forced child labor" (page 1). "Women experienced discrimination in employment (see section 7.d)" (page 16). "The government did not effectively enforce the antidiscrimination provisions of the law. Gender-based discrimination in employment and occupation occurred. Men and women have equal rights to apply for a job. Women represented 52 percent of the population, but they performed 90 percent of domestic work and 85 percent of agricultural work. The...more
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women remained underrepresented in most traditionally male occupations (mining, forestry, carpentry, masonry, and fishing) and were effectively barred from certain professions" (51).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women in many fields were restricted from working after 9 p.m. Hiring practices often discriminated against women, and the Ministry of Labor, Cooperatives, and Social Welfare issued guidelines during the year stating that men should be given preferential hiring status" (para 203)
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"We also note variations by area of residence. The proportion of women working as a manager is higher in urban areas than in rural areas (43% versus 22%). In contrast, in rural areas, 29% of women are employed in the agricultural sector versus 8% in urban areas. . . . The proportion of women working as mangers increases with level of education, from 21% of uneducated women to 37% among those with at least a secondary education, and with the index of economic well-being, varying from 19% of women whose household is classified in the lowest quintile to 46% among those living in the highest quintile. . . . in...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In January a lecturer at the State Islamic University in Aceh went into hiding due to threats from intolerant groups and the public after pictures appeared online of a class trip to a church she had arranged for students. The rector placed her on administrative leave, claiming she had failed to get permission for the trip" (para 88). "Jobs traditionally associated with women continued to be significantly undervalued and unregulated" (para 223)
Oct. 17, 2018, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"A statistic that has been widely cited in articles and books like Sheryl Sandberg’s “Lean In: Women, Work and the Will to Lead” is that women typically apply for a job when they meet 100% of the qualifications, whereas men often apply when they meet 60%" (para 17).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Since the crown prince took power last year... Women no longer need a guardian to register a business. More private companies are hiring women for technical and manual labor jobs, helping pull poor families or single mothers up the socio-economic ladder" (para 17).
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The list of occupations that are prohibited for women, which covers a wide range of occupations and branches where there is no objective justification for the prohibition, thereby limiting women’s economic opportunities and access to responsibilities in a number of areas, in particular in the military, agriculture and industry; The lack of information on legislation prohibiting sexual harassment in the workplace and providing for civil and/or criminal remedies, as well as on the number of prosecutions, convictions and sentences imposed upon perpetrators" (Pg 13).
Oct. 4, 2018, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"India’s high rate of violence against women is not only detrimental to human rights, but also to economic growth: in a series of interviews with Bloomberg, Indian women cited fear for their own or children’s safety as their reason for leaving the workforce" (para 3).
Oct. 4, 2018, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Japanese workers are being given schedules dictating when they can get married or give birth, it has been revealed. The disturbing trend first came to light after a nursery worker's husband spoke out to say his wife was being bullied by her boss for getting pregnant 'out of turn'. Since then dozens of other women have come forward to share similar stories, with one 26-year-old woman saying she was told to wait until 35 to conceive - despite already suffering from fertility issues" (para 1-3). "'The director at the child care center where she works had determined the order in which workers could get married or pregnant, and apparently there...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Most employed women worked in lower-status and lower-paid informal occupations, such as domestic service, without legal protection or regulation. Women were present in small numbers in most professions, but cultural attitudes limited their career opportunities...Job seekers older than age 30, particularly women, faced discrimination based on their age when applying for jobs" (para 109). "The UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination expressed concern about persistent societal prejudices. It noted that particularly women of Afro-Honduran and indigenous communities faced multiple forms of discrimination in all aspects of social, political, and economic life" (para 130). "There were credible allegations of compulsory overtime at apparel assembly factories (particularly for women, who...more
Oct. 2, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"As many as 12 million Indian women could lose their jobs next year thanks to a new law that mandates employers must allow 26 weeks paid time off after giving birth. There have been worries about the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act since it was passed in March 2017, bumping paid leave up from the previous 12 weeks and making day care centers mandatory for companies with more than 50 employees" (para 1-2). "But a new survey by TeamLease, a payroll and human resources services company, claims that the act could lead to 2.6 percent of women’s jobs disappearing. The survey says that employers are less likely to hire women due...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Ending child marriage could also increase their participation in the labor force. Instead of marrying early, earnings in adulthood early could increase by 14 percent, leading to an overall increase of one percent in earnings in the population" (para 15).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:11 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Based on the 2014-15 reporting period, 26.3% of 4,670 reporting organisations conducted a gender pay gap analysis, while 5.1% stated that an organisational gender pay gap analysis is currently under development. If these proportions are combined, it indicates that in the future almost a third of organisations may have undertaken a gender pay gap analysis (31.4%)" (11). "Based on reporting organisations that conducted a gender pay gap analysis: 1) over half went a step further and took action to address their gender pay gap (50.7%) 2) Of these, the majority said they identified the cause/s of the gaps (27.7%), followed by reviewing remuneration decision-making processes (20.5%) and reporting pay equity...more