The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 20, 2017, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-LAW-4

The riot police pictured in this photograph seem to be mostly all women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Sept. 16, 2017, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Every morning Lidia gets up very early, leaves her daughter at school and meets with other women builders to offer their services and get contracts for the day or the whole week. They stick posters up around the city and use megaphones at public events to attract more customers. The women builders offer various services, including painting, masonry, plumbing, electrical installations, facade cladding and sometimes even carpentry. Once they are offered a contract, they quote a price for the work and if the person agrees the work is done. Lidia said that because of her bad experiences with informal contractors, she never starts a new job without first signing a ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ASR-PRACTICE-1, ASR-DATA-1

"The female half of Trudeau's cabinet included Jody Wilson-Raybould, appointed justice minister and attorney general, Jane Philpott, the new health minister, and Catherine McKenna, who was given the role of environment and climate change minister.Men still held the portfolios of finance, foreign affairs, and transport, among others"(para 6-7)
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Sept. 9, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Miad Jubouri, an Iraqi mother of five who joined the ranks of the Iraqi forces battling the Islamic State (IS), has been participating in the battle as part of the Lions of the Tigris faction for the past two years. In a patriotic and conservative Iraqi society, Jubouri’s fight alongside the male-dominated Iraqi security forces has caught the attention of both the community and the media" (para 1).
Aug. 31, 2017, 4:49 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“Daily life for those with disabilities in Plateau, and elsewhere in Nigeria, is bleak. … Workplaces are also inaccessible: many employers presume that disabled women have poor intellectual skills, and customers may be reluctant to buy goods from them” (para 4).
Aug. 31, 2017, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“When making suggestions for addressing the issues facing girls, the women in Kampala emphasised the need for income-generating activities for girls that differed from the traditional ones, such as tailoring, since they believed that girls could no longer make a living this way” (para 32).
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The new program will work with businesses over four years to provide tools to 'recruit, retain, and promote women' throughout companies in the Solomon Islands – from the executive level to non-traditional roles. In addition to removing barriers to entry for women’s labor force participation, the IFC will work with businesses to implement gender-sensitive policies to safeguards women’s rights and needs in the workplace"(para 2)."The ratio of men and women in the labor force in the Solomon Islands has remained relatively stagnant over the past decade, largely a product of gender inequalities in education, training, household responsibilities, and cultural attitudes about the role of women"(para 3)."One factor that could significantly ...more
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

“The economic issues also amplified existing trends. Working women were already postponing childbirth. As the recession dragged on, they delayed even more for fear of jeopardizing work opportunities, a situation that has exacerbated fertility problems. Progress on gender equality eroded in Greece during the crisis, according to the European Parliament. Women reported being regularly rejected for jobs if they were of childbearing age, or having contracts that were involuntarily converted to part time if they became pregnant” (para 27-28). “As the [economic] crisis persisted, Anastasia Economopoulou, 42, pushed back her dream of having several children. She was fearful of losing her job as a saleswoman at a retail branding company ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

In 1980, 68.1 percent of rural women worked in the service sector while 10.4 percent of them worked in agriculture. In 1988, rural women constituted 13 percent of individual producers, 21 percent of cooperatives and 24 percent of agricultural workers. In 1989 women working in the rural sector accounted for 24 percent of the total population (EAP: P1) Despite the written law, there remain, within in the Basic Unites of Cooperative Production (Unidades Basicas de Produccion Cooperativa, or UBPCs), old structures of state enterprises that, applying customary law, prevent women from developing their own initiatives. (DGBWLCR: P1-2)
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In the town of Entasopia, the girls are undergoing a rite of passage that resembles the tribe’s customary coming-of-age ceremony—but without the usual horror of genital mutilation.'I am very happy because I will not be married off at this age,' says 12-year-old Joan Siyuama as she drinks raw blood from a slaughtered bull to signify her ascendance to adulthood after participating in the ceremony. 'I will now go to school and achieve my dream of becoming a doctor'"(para 1-2)."'In the Maasai community, we have no female doctors, teachers, journalists or any other position in the government because of this practice,' says Ole Lelein Kanunga, a Maasai man leading the campaign ...more
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"'Everything was always a discrimination in our family,' says [Jamila] Afghani, who observed how her brothers behaved with their wives. 'They were educated women, but my brothers stopped them from continuing their education and working,' she recounts. 'I thought, if [my brothers] can go outside, why not my sisters-in-law'"(para 9). Jamila and her family moved from Afghanistan to Pakistan when she was in fifth grade (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 11, 2017, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"'During period, shouldn't do any work inside the home but I do everything outside of home thus I am here for harvesting rice paddy. In rice cutting field, all are girls. The women like us (menstrual women) shouldn't touch men. I will stay in this shed for nest baby too. How can I say to stay in kitchen, once I know the fact of god would get angry. The culture should continue even have education. Don't you follow your culture ? Do you touch god during period? Aren't they angry? You asked, why do I stayed in shed? Shouldn't be shy to stay in front of all members along with ...more
Aug. 9, 2017, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"'My youth was not a time period where I could have achieved something. My parents are to be blamed. They used to think I’m a "girl". “Why educate girls?” I regret the things I didn’t get to do. If I had been educated, I Too would have gone out and achieved something. I would have worked for my children. That’s why I think my daughter should never be in this hopeless situation. But this is how I see it. What I couldn’t do, my daughters should be able to. They should be successful in whatever they choose'". This statement was made by Saima's mother Sameema at 0:09 (ENB-Coder Comment)more
Aug. 8, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"According to the announcement, female workers in northwest China's Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region can take paid leave for one or two days if they are unable to carry out their work due to heavy menstruation or severe period pain. In such cases, they are required to obtain a medical certificate to prove their condition.So far, over 10 Chinese provinces have issued similar relevant documents, granting female workers special rights.However, as more and more provinces adopt the rules over paid leave, many commentators have expressed worries that the policies may come to nothing due to great difficulties in implementing the idea in practice"(para 2-4)."Reality shows little optimism for the implementation of ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"According to one critic, for example, Japan’s 'gendered status quo' continues to 'allocate productive roles to men and reproductive roles to women.' Consequently, despite having one of the most liberal paid parental leave policies worldwide, only 2 percent of fathers take any of their leave, leaving the burden of childcare to fall on the mother. Perhaps not surprisingly then, 68 percent of mothers in Japan quit their jobs upon marriage or childbirth. Among the women that do remain economically active, the majority seek part-time or irregular employment"(para 5)."The labor force participation rate among women ages fifteen to sixty-four has increased by just two percentage points – from 65 percent in ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women make up only about 12 percent of sworn officers nationwide. Katherine Spillar, the executive director of the Feminist Majority Foundation, which runs the National Center for Women and Policing...has called for emphasizing conflict resolution and judgment over brute physical strength in police academy training programs. She also calls for more female-friendly recruitment practices, and an end to discrimination and harassment by fellow officers, a persistent problem in many departments" (para 6). "Women entered law enforcement in 1845, when the American Female Reform Society demanded the appointment of matrons to New York City’s jail and insane asylum, with the goal of protecting female inmates from mistreatment by male guards. In ...more
Aug. 4, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The report found the largest gender pay gaps in the mining, quarrying and gas exploration industries and the smallest in technology jobs, where the ratio of men to women in 70 to 30 percent. 'If a woman can get into the tech industry and stay there it is a king of meritocracy...You are going to be paid equally. Unfortunately when you look at the demographic very few women go into the tech industry, especially in technical roles, which are the most highly paid'" (para 8-9). "A big reason for the gender pay gap is that men and women tend to work in different jobs. Men dominate higher paying jobs, engineering, ...more
Aug. 1, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Turkish law requires workplaces, both public and private, to provide child care facilities for their employees, but most establishments do not comply with the rules to avoid additional costs. Instead of fulfilling their responsibilities, they prefer to pay fines" (para 2). "In 2015, the government launched a European Union-funded child care support program in three pilot provinces, under which working women with children ages 0-2 receive 416 euros ($441) per month provided they employ a socially insured nanny. The program, expanded to Ankara and Istanbul provinces in November, aims to boost female employment, both by keeping the mother at work and ensuring the labor rights of nannies. One eligibility condition ...more
July 26, 2017, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"A number of Jordanian and Syrian women are defying social norms by working outside the home. On top of that, a few of them have ventured into a profession that has long been the sole preserve of men — plumbing. In the city of Irbid, 62 miles north of Amman, five path-breaking Jordanian and Syrian women wear the blue uniform of the trade, having established the first female plumbing company in 2016. The Syrians found their way to plumbing in an effort to provide for their families, who fled to Jordan during the civil war raging in their home country since 2011. The conflict, unsurprisingly, has dealt a blow to ...more
July 7, 2017, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-1

¨Last week, a Polish member of the European Union Parliament, Janusz Korwin-Mikke, said during a debate,´Of course women must earn less than men because they are weaker, they are smaller, they are less intelligent´¨(para 14)
July 7, 2017, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

¨But women say they still face big obstacles as they try to make their way in Spanish politics, still predominantly a man’s world. Sexual harassment aside — and it is common — among the problems most commonly cited by women is that men expect their female colleagues to share their views, not have opinions of their own¨(para 6). ¨Since taking office as Barcelona’s mayor in 2015, Ada Colau has been subject to several sexist insults. Félix de Azúa, a member of the Royal Spanish Academy, the cultural body that is the guardian of the Spanish language, publicly urged Ms. Colau to sell fish in the market rather than run a ...more
July 6, 2017, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In a marked shift from Japan’s past, some companies are now supporting mothers by offering them increased responsibility and financial incentives to decrease maternity leave and return to work sooner. At first glance, this seems counterintuitive – research shows that women are more likely to return to work after childbirth when given at least twelve weeks of leave and when they can arrange a flexible work schedule. However, in the case of Japan, where mothers and fathers may take combined leave of up to fourteen months, some mothers feel the 'mommy track' is too slow. Since 2013, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has made increasing women’s labor force participation a core ...more
July 5, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

¨Britain’s 2010 Equality Act prohibits discrimination in the workplace on the basis of gender, age or sexual orientation. But women’s advocates and legal experts said the law was unevenly applied¨(para 16).¨Sam Smethers, chief executive of the Fawcett Society, a leading women’s rights organization in London that traces its roots to 1866, said sexist dress codes that objectified women or men had no place in the modern workplace. She noted that it took until last January for British Airways to allow female cabin crew members to wear trousers. She also lamented that it cost about $1,500 in Britain for a person to bring a case before an employment tribunal, and that ...more
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"the Committee remains concerned at:..The persistence of multiple/intersectional forms of discrimination in the employment sector with regard to indigenous women, minority and other women (Buraku, Korean, Okinawa), women with disabilities and migrant women workers" (11)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at reports that indigenous and ethnic minorities, such as Ainu, Buraku and Zainichi Korean women, and women with disabilities, lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and migrant women, continue to experience multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination. The Committee is particularly concerned that these women continue to have limited access to health, education and employment" (14)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned at...The low participation of women in senior management and decision-making positions in educational institutions, and their concentration in lower-level positions, as well as the low number of female professors" (10)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"the Committee remains concerned at:...Continued horizontal and vertical segregation in the labour market and the concentration of women in low-paid sectors of employment, which is partly attributable to the track-based system of employment" (11)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-4

"the Committee remains concerned at:..The continued concentration of women in part-time work owing to family responsibilities, which affects their pension benefits and is partly responsible for post-retirement poverty as well as the persistent reports of maternity and child-birth related harassment" (11)
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-2

Table 2.5 shows the distribution of women and men across industries and gender earnings ratio in 2013. In the Health Care, Education, Leisure, and Other Services industry, women’s share of all workers is 61% and the gender earnings ratio is 74%. In the Wholesale and Retail Trade industry, women’s share of all workers is 47.6% and gender earnings ratio 77.1%. In the Government, women’s share of all workers is 54.1% and gender earnings ratio 83.3%. In the Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate industries, women’s share of all workers is 55.8% and gender earnings ratio 61.8%. In the Manufacturing industry, women’s share of all workers is 29.2% and gender earnings ratio ...more