The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 18, 2021, 3 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women face high levels of discrimination and sexual harassment and assault in the workplace, and constant exposure to government-endorsed stereotyped gender roles" (para 17).
Jan. 1, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The country has...one of the more gender-segregated labour markets in Europe, with men and women clustered in different professions" (para 25).
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"To many women, Mr. Abe showed his true colors on...his emphasis on the 'importance of the male succession' as a majority of the Japanese public supports allowing a woman to become emperor" (para 14).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The majority of the girls opt for tailoring classes, but others want to take the courses in welding and electrical engineering - professions that challenge the patriarchal and gendered stereotypes so ingrained in Tanzania's communities" (para 83).
Jan. 1, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“Despite this scope, women tend to pursue traditionally female occupations such as nursing, education, and cosmetology and are underrepresented in STEM fields. For example, women make up the vast majority of registered nurses but just a fraction of engineering technicians, automotive service technicians and mechanics, carpenters, and electricians. With the exception of nursing and other health-related fields, jobs in traditionally female occupations typically other lower wages and fewer opportunities for career advancement than math and science fields requiring a comparable level of education” (3). “Gender stereotypes and a lack of information and support are some of the barriers to women’s participation in STEM and other nontraditional fields in community colleges....more
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Ghussein said he appointed al-Modallal in an effort 'to be more open to the West.' He said many women were among the dozens of applicants considered for the position. 'Women are partners in our society,' said Ghussein. Al-Modallal asserts that women in Gaza are finding their way into politics, medicine, education and media. 'Every day, women’s footsteps can be seen advancing more in society,' she said" (para 9-11).
Dec. 31, 2020, 3:26 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Archbishop Welby, the spiritual leader of the church and the global Anglican Communion, who supported the vote from the start, had warned fellow church leaders this year that the public would find the exclusion of women 'almost incomprehensible'" (para 5). "One faction within the Church of England that opposes women as bishops is a conservative evangelical group called Reform. Arguing that 'the divine order of male headship' makes it 'inappropriate' for women to lead dioceses, Reform claims that at least a quarter of the church will find this incompatible with their beliefs" (para 9).
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In April 2015, the Australian Institute of Company Directors set a target of lifting women on ASX200 company boards from 20-to-30 per cent by the end of 2018" (para 3). "There are seven ASX200 companies without a woman on the board including TPG Telecom, NRW Holdings, Pro Medicus, New Hope Corporation, Silver Lake Resources and Speedcast International" (para 7).
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Due to stereotyping and desperation in destination countries, Venezuelan women often resort to, or are forced into, sex work to survive" (para 12).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Spain is starting to take steps to hold companies accountable for contributing to the gender pay gap. The Spanish government enacted measures on Tuesday requiring that companies release employee salary information or pay a fine, according to the Associated Press (AP). The regulation, approved earlier this year, will fine companies €187,000 ($220,000) if they do not share how they decide base salaries and other benefits with employees. Under the new law, companies that employ more than 50 people also have to file their four-year strategy for balancing the number of male and female employees at their workplace. 'The message is very clear: women must be paid the same as men...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Afghanistan have made substantial gains in employment, education, and legal protections since the fall of the hard-line Taliban regime nearly two decades ago" (para 9). This indicates that there were restrictions to employment under the Taliban regime (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"He got Nur a job as an assistant in a dental office" (17). "At the engagement, Eren said he didn’t want Nur to work" (20).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"During the Taliban government, from the autumn of 1996 until late 2001, nearly all the rights of women were revoked: They were forbidden to work, attend school or leave their homes unaccompanied by a husband or close male relative" (para 6).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The recent media interest in MOOCs, massive open online courses, has shed some light on the situation of Saudi females seeking flexible and culturally acceptable working conditions" (para 8).
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"More recently the police chief triggered criticism from Vice President Shahindokht Molaverdi after he said women should not serve clients in traditional tea houses and coffee shops, apparently to avoid direct contact with men" (para 12). "A decision by Tehran Mayor Mohamad Bagher Ghalibaf, a conservative, to separate men and women from working together at the town hall has also triggered alarm among liberals" (para 14).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Extensive gender gaps exist in education; nutrition, health care and employment" (para 5). "Girls are consciously given lesser educational, employment and food resources" (para 22). "Women are not allowed to work for money outside, since men feel that they will become more successful and independent" (para 26). "Women’s economic contribution is constrained by lesser investment in their education and skill building along with mobility restrictions; however they still participate in income generation activities without jeopardizing the norms set for them" (para 33).
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"However, instead of widening the space for women’s participation in public life and decision-making, conservative political actors are using sexual violence as justification for keeping women inside their homes where it is “safer" (5). "As part of a decision made at the G8 summit (June, 2013) to offer army and police security training to 7,000 security personnel, Libyan troops will be sent to the UK for training. There are no women among these personnel, despite years of successful women-formed police and security units first deployed in post-war Liberia in 2003" (5). "In reality, women could only access justice and the workplace with the permission of a male relative or husband"...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women of the Miao ethnic minority group have recently had to shoulder the heavy burdens of family and farming work in southwest China's Guizhou Province this summer as a drought has hit the area. Many young rural men in Guizhou have gone to the cities to look for jobs, leaving behind women, children and senior citizens fighting against the drought. They are left doing heavy tasks such as washing clothes, cooking, feeding the livestock and farming" (para 1-2). While women might have been kept out of employment previously, they now have to do the farm work (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Germany’s parliament voted to reject a law that would have created legally binding gender quotas for the supervisory boards of domestic companies" (para 2, para 3). "According to a consensus reached by the (Christian Democrats), a quota of 30 percent for the share of women (on boards) is planned" (para 9). "The original motion in the Bundestag called for a female quota to be introduced in two steps. It envisioned the creation of a minimum quota of 20 percent for supervisory boards starting in 2018. That figure would then increase to 40 percent in 2023. The Bundesrat, Germany’s upper legislative chamber representing the federal states, approved similar legislation last year"...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"A number of countries in Europe already have gender quotas for corporate boards, including France, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Belgium and Norway" (para 14). "EU statistics show that the proportion of women board members doubled over the past two years in neighboring France to reach 25.1 percent compared to 12.3 percent in October 2010" (para 14).
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Belgium, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"A number of countries in Europe already have gender quotas for corporate boards, including France, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Belgium and Norway" (para 14).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"…and women in Bahrain do not face legal exclusions from the workplace…However, they are still underrepresented professionally" (3). "It is illegal to discriminate on the grounds of gender, however there are some restrictions placed on women in the workplace" (7). "Under Article 301 of the Private Labor Law, with the exception of doctors, nurses and other healthcare professions, women are restricted from working between 20:00 and 04:00, and from doing heavy industrial work" (7). "Technical fields such as engineering also have a relatively strong female presence, as 21% of the persons occupying posts in the engineering profession in Bahrain are women" (8).
Dec. 5, 2020, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“During their rule in the late 1990s, the Taliban banned women from working and going to school, and ordered them to be fully covered when leaving their homes” (para 13).
Nov. 19, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that limit the degree of involvement of rural women in development programmes and prevent them from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is concerned that rural women farmers are not recognized as such, because in the State party a farmer (kisan) is the person who owns land. The Committee is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision-making processes at the community level... It is concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages and at the fact that the minimum age...more
Nov. 11, 2020, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement of walis (guardians) for women for the marriage notwithstanding the woman’s consent, and the restrictions on women’s right to work and to divorce. The Committee is further concerned that early marriage remains lawful and, that girls can marry in exceptional cases at the age of 15 years, which, among other things leads to girls dropping out of school. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance, both as daughters and as widows" (Article 49).more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"It should be noted that there are more boys who are left out from secondary general schools than girls. However, men have more opportunities to occupy higher positions in the labor market and receive higher salaries as compared with women" (34).
Oct. 5, 2020, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In March, during the UN Human Rights Council's Universal Periodic Review, China accepted recommendations to adopt legislation prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in education and employment" (para 42).
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1

“B.V. v. Belgium (no. 61030/08) (2 May 2017): The applicant complained in particular that a full and comprehensive investigation had not been carried out and that she had not had an effective remedy by which to raise complaints of rape and indecent assault by a work colleague. The Court held that there had been a procedural violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. It found in particular that the applicant’s allegations were arguable and could therefore be regarded as complaints of treatment breaching Article 3 of the Convention. Accordingly, in view of the State’s obligation to carry out an effective investigation, the authorities should,...more
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"under the provisions of Article 56-b, women’s work without their husbands approval is considered Nushose (non-obedience) and provides grounds for outlay for the wife's maintenance This violates women’s rights to work, movement, equality and human dignity. It is contrary to the state's declaration on closing the gender gap in the labor market and economic participation; what is given by one hand is wiped by laws that reinforce the stereotypical image of women and male domination" (2).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LO-PRACTICE-1

"The 2011 survey conducted by the National Statistical Service of Armenia and the UNFPA also highlights such ways of violence against women as economic disempowerment, including economic deprivation (e.g. witholding of money, confiscation of earnings and savings, forbidding a woman to work)" (para 11).