The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Jan. 12, 2018, 4:57 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"'We are crawling slowly toward the target,' says Elke Holst, a research director and senior economist at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) who has studied gender equality for years. 'The reason companies have been progressing so slowly is surely because their upper echelons are occupied by men with other perceptions of the world,' she says. 'Most of them have wives that take care of things at home. Women work for them in the office as well, as secretaries or consultants, but they're rarely at the same level, as a counterpart or equal'" (para 12). "'Young fathers today want to watch their children grow up much more closely than ...more
Jan. 10, 2018, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"'Violence against women will not rapidly decline since it is mainly linked to cultural factors very marked in society, such as the greater value put on men in all fields,' Dr. Mabel Bianco, the head of the Foundation for Women’s Studies and Research, told IPS" (para 20).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Almost all currently married men and nearly three-fourths of currently married women were employed in the 12 months preceding the survey. About 9 out of 10 women and men who worked earned cash only for their work" (241).
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"The hijab became increasingly common among the working classes in Egypt from the 1970s"(1)
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Recent research points to potentially positive changes in perceptions surrounding women’s rights among Afghans. According to The Asia Foundation’s 2016 Survey of the Afghan People, 74 percent of respondents say women should be allowed to work outside the home, a 10 percent increase from the 2015 survey" (para 4). "While Afghans’ support for women working outside the home has increased significantly since 2015, respondents’ views on the acceptability of women’s employment opportunities differ based on the respondents’ level of education. Again, we find that education is one of the strongest factors to explain Afghans’ views toward women working in various employments [see Figure 1]" (para 9). "79.3 percent of those ...more
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Of the 1,230 juvenile inmates held in six detention centers, 222 were convicted, and 267 were in pretrial detention, with the remaining juveniles under house arrest. There were only 141 custodians (most of them women) for the six centers and eight medical providers"(3)."Despite a lack of statistics, the Ombudsman’s Office shared anecdotal information of a perceived increase in recently hired women who were fired once their pregnancies were known. Although an illegal practice, many potential employers requested pregnancy tests"(18)."Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to race, sex, gender, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, and HIV-positive status (see section 6)"(32)
Dec. 22, 2017, 7:01 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Across Algeria, women are protesting against unemployment and campaigning for their rights" (para 30).
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5, DLB-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

At 13:37 of the video a woman interviewed says "For six months of rain and storms, our husbands can’t work, so we sit idle and live in misery" (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Some firms choose to sacrifice the observance of legal regulations faced with the realization of a decrease in labor costs. They hold that female employees who get married or have a child will spend less time on their work, become less efficient in their jobs and create financial burdens upon them. As a result, certain enterprises become more and more reluctant to hire women or take radical measures to discourage female employees in their bids to get married or bear children. For instance, women in relationships are required not to get married or raise a child in the following years; wait in line to become pregnant; or dismiss themselves. Women's ...more
Dec. 8, 2017, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

" The marital naming law, supported by many conservatives who believe that women belong predominantly in the home supporting their husbands and families, is seen by some as another vestige of discrimination against women in Japanese society" (para 11).
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"The hit [from an oil spill caused by militant groups] to the country’s economy is significant, as more than than two-thirds of state budget comes from crude exports. But what do these numbers not show? How this disaster has shrunk the time that many women had to do paid work by increasing their unpaid work load"(para 2)."Female farmers, fishers and herbalists of riverine villages relied on fresh water not only for their businesses and livelihoods, but also to perform daily tasks. Take something as simple as doing laundry. Women who previously washed clothes by the river now have to collect rainwater in buckets to do their washing, stretching this task ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Employment rates for women are very low in Turkey" (para 12).
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2006, for those aged 15 years and older, 53.8% of those employed in agriculture were women, 15.9% of those employed in industry were women, and 30.3% of those employed in services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those ages 10 and older, 33.1% of those employed by agriculture were women, 29.1% of those employed by industry were women, and 37.8% of those employed by service were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those aged 10 and older, 72.4% of those employed by agriculture were women, 12.6% of those employed by industry were women, and 15% of those employed by services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2005, for those age 15 and older, 71% of those employed in agriculture were women, 14.4% of those employed in industry were women, and 14.6% of those employed in services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those ages 15 and older, 29.7% of those employed in agriculture were women, 12% of those employed in industry were women, and 58.3% of those employed in services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2005, for those age 15 and older, 68.1% of those employed in agriculture were women, 12.5% of those employed in industry were women, and 19.4% of those employed in services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those aged 15 and older, 40% of those employed in agriculture were women, 19.2% of those employed by industry were women, and 40.7% of those employed in services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those age 10 and older, 36.8% of those employed in agriculture were women, 27.1% of those employed in industry were women, and 25.6% of those employed in services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those ages 15 and older, 8.5% of those employed in agriculture were women, 15.3% of those employed in industry were women, and 76.2% of those employed in services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those age 15 and older, 41.4% of those employed in agriculture were women, 15% of those employed by industry were women, and 43.5% of those employed by services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2006, for those age 15 and older, 35.4% of those employed in agriculture were women, 10.7% of those employed in industry were women, and 53.9% of those employed in services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2006, for those age 15 and older, 72.1% of those employed in agriculture were women, 5.6% of those employed by industry were women, and 22.4% of those employed by services were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 5, 2017, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3, CL-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Of the MGNREGA [National Rural Employment Guarantee Act], it has been reported that despite incorporation of a provision which 'in the event that there are at least five children under the age of 6 at the worksite, one of the female workers should be deputed to look after them and she should be paid the same wage as other NREGA workers,' most women joining the program are discouraged from bringing children to work. A social audit on the implementation of the MGNREGA revealed that 70% of the women interviewed had no access to child-care services at the worksite, and 65% of them were unaware of this guaranteed right (Nayaranan 2008, ...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"These must speak to the more structural obstacles [to female school attendance], such as the unwillingness of parents to have their daughters taught by men, unless he is a respected religious leader (Mullah), and the shortage of female teachers. The latter problem has led the WFP [World Food Programme] and others to develop targeted food incentives to attract such teachers"(62)
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-3, MULV-DATA-1

"Only 38 percent of women remain in their jobs after having a baby, according to the OECD, due to heavy social expectations placed on mothers and a dearth of child-care centers" (para 8).
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"In the PRC, a recent study found that women could seize the opportunities markets offered as well as men thanks to important investments in the infrastructure markets need to operate well, in particular:…roads, communications, and accessible wholesale marketing facilities, open to all and lightly taxed. In this environment, literally thousands of traders seek out agricultural producers who are willing to sell their goods—no matter if they are rich or poor, no matter if they are young or old, and no matter if they are male or female. Too many traders exist for any one trader to have enough market power to discriminate (de Brauw et al. 2012, p. 19)"(39-40)."The southwestern ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"In Cambodia, since October 2008, ADB [Asian Development Bank] has supported the Emergency Food Assistance Program. It relies principally on cash-for-work and food-for-work components to improve incomes and support access to food for women from poor rural households, and to construct infrastructure that can benefit them (Box 7)"(56)."The food-for-work and cash-for-work programs, for example, were designed to benefit women and to support the creation of infrastructure that would allow small-scale farmers— among which are many women—to increase their productivity and incomes. Infrastructure includes small irrigation canals, covering over 7,750 hectares, and over 540 kilometers of village roads"(56)
Nov. 29, 2017, 9:55 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Thus, it was reported from focus groups in Kazakhstan that: men are concerned about their social status, and women are concerned about the well-being of their family and children. Women are seen as being more flexible and quick to adjust to new conditions, being ready to do any kind of work to feed their children. They are perceived as more willing to change their professional specialization and sector of employment and to look for jobs proactively. This flexibility in adjusting job expectations to changed economic circumstances was seen as a positive element of women’s responses to the crisis, allowing them greater resilience to labor market shocks (Heltberg, Hossain, and Reva ...more