The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Despite an extensive legal framework providing for equality for women, such as equal employment opportunities and equal pay, societal and legal discrimination continued. A 2013 report on the Status of Women’s Rights in the Context of Socio-Economic Changes in the DPRK, by the ROK-based NGO Citizens’ Alliance for North Korea Human Rights, stated that it could not detect any major changes as a result of the 2010 Women’s Rights Protection Act. The report noted the act was vague, lacked the designation of an administering agency, did not include punishments for noncompliance, and had no accompanying implementing legislation"(12)."The press and think tanks reported that while women were less likely than men ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 11 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Conservative traditions once meant it was not acceptable for Tajik women to work to earn a living, but the situation has changed. Huge numbers of Tajik men travel to Russia as labour migrants each year, leaving many jobs to be filled by women. Street cleaners are now mostly female, although there are a few men who join their ranks, either very young or elderly. The salary is small, but it makes a difference to the family budget"(para 4-5)
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Consequently, the Palestinian Ministry of Labor and the National Committee for Women’s Employment (NCWE) coordinated with the Palestinian General Federation of Trade Unions (PGFTU), with the support of the International Labor Organization, to launch the first Guideline for Women’s Employment Rights on Oct. 4 in Ramallah"(para 1)."NCWE [National Committee for Women's Employment] coordinator and head of the Gender Unit at the Ministry of Labor in Ramallah Iman Assaf told Al-Monitor that the guideline was the result of the ministry’s inclination to increase working women’s awareness of their rights"(para 3)."[Iman] Assaf said, 'We will work in the coming phase on promoting the guideline [Guideline for Women's Employment Rights] through workshops and ...more
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Internationally, the bill [raising maternity leave from 12 to 26 weeks for women in the formal sector] has been touted as a success for India, which has one of the world’s lowest female employment rates – 25% – and where mothers often feel under pressure to leave their jobs after having children"(para 6)
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3

"Women carried a special burden on their shoulders during the republic’s two wars. Men fought on both sides, and for those who didn’t, it was dangerous to move through the republic’s numerous checkpoints. They could be arrested, abducted, tortured or killed. Women became the main breadwinners"(para 12)."Many Chechen women remain family breadwinners and still have to do all the housework, but since the war their social status has dramatically changed for the worse"(para 14)
Oct. 11, 2017, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Lu Jiehua, a professor at the Department of Sociology in Peking University said that 'gender equality is a basic state policy. We should not only advocate it but push it through activities to give girls a more relaxed environment.'Only by providing fair opportunity to girls in all aspects, including education and employment, will people finally realize that it is the same to have a boy or a girl, Lu said"(para 34-35)
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, MULV-PRACTICE-1, MULV-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Like many women, I always thought that after university and finding some financial stability, I would marry and have children. I guess the fact that I grew up in a progressive and supportive family made me forget that the experiences of Afghan women are unlike those of many women around the world. I forgot, for a second, that as a woman unless you can have children, your education, career, and marriage are considered meaningless. I was not prepared for feeling that in the eyes of my community, my only worth as a woman is to bear children in the end"(para 2)."Conceiving soon after marriage is highly glorified in Afghan society. ...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"'I used to see my husband as superior to me, but now I know we are equals,’ Jing Xiufang, the leader of a local grassroots women’s organization, said, 'and women have the right to pursue their own goals and work'"(para 1)."Many rural women also experience domestic violence, but divorce is not an option because their families are unable to support them if they leave their husbands"(para 3)
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"But so deep remains the cultural bias against working women, and especially working mothers, that some young commentators now mention Germany’s 'gender issue' in the same breath as America’s 'race issue' — a piece of historic baggage that has never been fully addressed, elusive and omnipresent at the same time, a sort of national elephant in the room" (para 16). "'We get no respect from society as working women,' said Angelika Huber-Strasser, a managing partner for KPMG Germany and a mother of three. 'They call us raven mothers,' after the black bird (also unfairly) accused of pushing its young out of the nest. There is a feeling of damned if ...more
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"As part of Women's Voices Program funded by UN Women- Fund for Gender Equality; the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights (ECWR) cooperated with Radio Sawt El Arab to launch the radio program titled 'She& Her Sisters'. This program aims to support the Egyptian women and discuss the issues that affect the society in general and women in particular such as the political empowerment for women and their participation in the local councils and the parliament, economic empowerment, the importance of the work for women and the extent of their participation in the labor force, women’s rights in Islam, in addition to the importance of acquiring the different soft skills such ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The goal of the new program is to raise the number of women in the formal economy in the Solomon Islands, advancing women’s economic empowerment and growing GDP. Currently, approximately 60 percent of women who live in the Solomon Islands are employed, compared with 72 percent of men. Of those women in the workforce, 76 percent are in subsistence work. The ratio of men and women in the labor force in the Solomon Islands has remained relatively stagnant over the past decade, largely a product of gender inequalities in education, training, household responsibilities, and cultural attitudes about the role of women"(para 3)."Importantly, the Solomon Islands’ largest employer agrees: According to ...more
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

“Unemployment among women stands at 27 percent, compared with 20 percent for men” (para 11).
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

'Everything was always a discrimination in our family,' says [Jamila] Afghani, who observed how her brothers behaved with their wives. 'They were educated women, but my brothers stopped them from continuing their education and working,' she recounts. 'I thought, if [my brothers] can go outside, why not my sisters-in-law'(para 9). Jamila and her family moved from Afghanistan to Pakistan when she was in fifth grade (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"But in one neighborhood in the city, an imam has kept the doors of his mosque open to women for 12 years now. He often preaches about women’s rights in Islam – that women are equal to men and have the right to work and study"(para 1)."'Everything was always a discrimination in our family,' says [Jamila] Afghani, who observed how her brothers behaved with their wives. 'They were educated women, but my brothers stopped them from continuing their education and working,' she recounts"(para 9)."Of the 6,000 imams who have been trained by NECDO, one is Mohammed Ehsan Saikal, the imam in Kabul who has kept his mosque open to women ...more
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"'The [TV] program emphasized the importance of paternal involvement in childcare and projected them as vital contributors to child upbringing and development,' said Lela Bakradze, assistant representative for UNFPA Georgia, adding that this change in gender roles is key to empowering women in numerous areas. 'Through redistribution of family responsibilities and, therefore, allowing women more time and opportunity to realize their potential outside the family setting, men were represented as supporters of women’s social and economic empowerment'"(para 9)
Aug. 9, 2017, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, EWCMS-DATA-2

"'My youth was not a time period where I could have achieved something. My parents are to be blamed. They used to think I’m a girl". “Why educate girls?” I regret the things I didn’t get to do. If I had been educated, I Too would have gone out and achieved something. I would have worked for my children. That’s why I think my daughter should never be in this hopeless situation. But this is how I see it. What I couldn’t do, my daughters should be able to. They should be successful in whatever they choose'". This statement was made by Saima's mother Sameema at 0:09 (ENB-Coder Comment)more
Aug. 8, 2017, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The 30 grooms in the recent ceremony work in low-wage jobs, some as drivers, others as security guards or agricultural labourers. The brides are mainly unemployed and after their marriages most of the couples will live with families as they cannot afford their own homes"(para 12-13)
Aug. 7, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Since 2013, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has made increasing women’s labor force participation a core component of his economic growth plan. Known as 'womenomics,' research has suggested that this strategy could boost Japan’s GDP by 15 percent and help expand the country’s shrinking labor force.However, skeptics of Abe’s womenomics agenda have argued that women’s economic potential cannot be realized by policy changes alone. They contend that a transformation in cultural attitudes toward women must occur as well"(para 3-4)."According to one critic, for example, Japan’s 'gendered status quo' continues to 'allocate productive roles to men and reproductive roles to women'"(para 5)
July 26, 2017, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Due to Jordan's tribal character, which perpetuates a negative outlook on women working, it remains complicated for Jordanian women to earn money as plumbers, despite the harsh economic conditions plaguing the country and the declining contribution by women to the labor market" (para 12).
July 7, 2017, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

¨Since taking office as Barcelona’s mayor in 2015, Ada Colau has been subject to several sexist insults. Félix de Azúa, a member of the Royal Spanish Academy, the cultural body that is the guardian of the Spanish language, publicly urged Ms. Colau to sell fish in the market rather than run a major city.Ms. Colau was also told by a local official of the conservative Popular Party, Óscar Bermán, that she was brainless and should be cleaning floors.In September, the Popular Party suspended Mr. Bermán from office for two years for his comments. The Royal Academy, however, took no disciplinary action against Mr. de Azúa and said he was not ...more
July 6, 2017, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, CL-PRACTICE-1

"According to one critic, for example, Japan’s 'gendered status quo' continues to 'allocate productive roles to men and reproductive roles to women.' Consequently, despite having one of the most liberal paid parental leave policies worldwide, only 2 percent of fathers take any of their leave, leaving the burden of childcare to fall on the mother. Perhaps not surprisingly then, 68 percent of mothers in Japan quit their jobs upon marriage or childbirth" (para 5).
July 5, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

¨Britain’s 2010 Equality Act prohibits discrimination in the workplace on the basis of gender, age or sexual orientation. But women’s advocates and legal experts said the law was unevenly applied¨(para 16)
July 5, 2017, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

¨The disparities that I am talking about are measurable, which means that they are very obvious. As of 2015, only 32% of Arab women were part of the labor force, as opposed to 72% of Jewish women. There can be no doubt that this is a dramatic difference. While it is true that there has been a steady increase in the number of Arab women employed since 1995, when it stood at only 19%, it is still not enough. When we remove ultra-Orthodox women from the equation, we find that the difference is enormous. Some 81% of non-ultra-Orthodox Jewish women are employed¨ (para 7). ¨(There is a reason for this ...more
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"In the Netherlands male and female unemployment rates in 2014 were 7.2 and 7.8 percent, respectively" (25). "In Sint Maarten the unemployment rate in 2013 was 9.9 percent for men and 8.4 percent for women. In Curacao the unemployment rate in 2013 was 15.4 percent for women and 10.5 percent for men. In Aruba the unemployment rate in 2010 was 10.8 percent for men and 10.4percent for women" (25).
Feb. 17, 2017, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"The female underemployment rate was 59 percent, 7 percent higher than the national underemployment rate and 10 points more than male underemployment" (44).
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned, however, about the persisting gender pay gap, the high level of unemployment among women and the long list of prohibited occupations for women, totalling 299 professions. The Committee also remains concerned about the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market, and that women are concentrated in low-paid sectors of employment" (8)
Feb. 8, 2017, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The ombudsman reported that women, regardless of education level, were more likely than men to lose their jobs" (21).
Feb. 2, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"A few weeks earlier, the male elders of their caste had decreed that village women working at nearby meat-processing factories should leave their jobs. The reason they gave was that women at home would be better protected from the sexual advances of outside men. A bigger issue lay beneath the surface: The women’s earnings had begun to undermine the old order" (para 4). "A third elder, their cousin, observed that his own wife worked at a factory, adding 5,000 rupees a month to the 1,800 he earned in a wedding band, but that there was an important difference between these income flows. 'My money,' he said, 'is the money that ...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"In 2012, the last time the government surveyed its citizens about their occupation, an astonishing 205 million women between the ages of 15 and 60 responded 'attending to domestic duties.' Economists, with increasing urgency, say India will not fulfill its potential if it cannot put them to work in the economy. They say that if female employment were brought on par with male employment in India, the nation’s gross domestic product would expand by as much as 27 percent" (para 4-5).