The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The goal of the new program is to raise the number of women in the formal economy in the Solomon Islands, advancing women’s economic empowerment and growing GDP. Currently, approximately 60 percent of women who live in the Solomon Islands are employed, compared with 72 percent of men. Of those women in the workforce, 76 percent are in subsistence work. The ratio of men and women in the labor force in the Solomon Islands has remained relatively stagnant over the past decade, largely a product of gender inequalities in education, training, household responsibilities, and cultural attitudes about the role of women"(para 3)."Importantly, the Solomon Islands’ largest employer agrees: According to ...more
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

“Unemployment among women stands at 27 percent, compared with 20 percent for men” (para 11).
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

'Everything was always a discrimination in our family,' says [Jamila] Afghani, who observed how her brothers behaved with their wives. 'They were educated women, but my brothers stopped them from continuing their education and working,' she recounts. 'I thought, if [my brothers] can go outside, why not my sisters-in-law'(para 9). Jamila and her family moved from Afghanistan to Pakistan when she was in fifth grade (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"But in one neighborhood in the city, an imam has kept the doors of his mosque open to women for 12 years now. He often preaches about women’s rights in Islam – that women are equal to men and have the right to work and study"(para 1)."'Everything was always a discrimination in our family,' says [Jamila] Afghani, who observed how her brothers behaved with their wives. 'They were educated women, but my brothers stopped them from continuing their education and working,' she recounts"(para 9)."Of the 6,000 imams who have been trained by NECDO, one is Mohammed Ehsan Saikal, the imam in Kabul who has kept his mosque open to women ...more
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"'The [TV] program emphasized the importance of paternal involvement in childcare and projected them as vital contributors to child upbringing and development,' said Lela Bakradze, assistant representative for UNFPA Georgia, adding that this change in gender roles is key to empowering women in numerous areas. 'Through redistribution of family responsibilities and, therefore, allowing women more time and opportunity to realize their potential outside the family setting, men were represented as supporters of women’s social and economic empowerment'"(para 9)
Aug. 9, 2017, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, EWCMS-DATA-2

"'My youth was not a time period where I could have achieved something. My parents are to be blamed. They used to think I’m a girl". “Why educate girls?” I regret the things I didn’t get to do. If I had been educated, I Too would have gone out and achieved something. I would have worked for my children. That’s why I think my daughter should never be in this hopeless situation. But this is how I see it. What I couldn’t do, my daughters should be able to. They should be successful in whatever they choose'". This statement was made by Saima's mother Sameema at 0:09 (ENB-Coder Comment)more
Aug. 8, 2017, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The 30 grooms in the recent ceremony work in low-wage jobs, some as drivers, others as security guards or agricultural labourers. The brides are mainly unemployed and after their marriages most of the couples will live with families as they cannot afford their own homes"(para 12-13)
Aug. 7, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Since 2013, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has made increasing women’s labor force participation a core component of his economic growth plan. Known as 'womenomics,' research has suggested that this strategy could boost Japan’s GDP by 15 percent and help expand the country’s shrinking labor force.However, skeptics of Abe’s womenomics agenda have argued that women’s economic potential cannot be realized by policy changes alone. They contend that a transformation in cultural attitudes toward women must occur as well"(para 3-4)."According to one critic, for example, Japan’s 'gendered status quo' continues to 'allocate productive roles to men and reproductive roles to women'"(para 5)
July 26, 2017, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Due to Jordan's tribal character, which perpetuates a negative outlook on women working, it remains complicated for Jordanian women to earn money as plumbers, despite the harsh economic conditions plaguing the country and the declining contribution by women to the labor market" (para 12).
July 7, 2017, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

¨Since taking office as Barcelona’s mayor in 2015, Ada Colau has been subject to several sexist insults. Félix de Azúa, a member of the Royal Spanish Academy, the cultural body that is the guardian of the Spanish language, publicly urged Ms. Colau to sell fish in the market rather than run a major city.Ms. Colau was also told by a local official of the conservative Popular Party, Óscar Bermán, that she was brainless and should be cleaning floors.In September, the Popular Party suspended Mr. Bermán from office for two years for his comments. The Royal Academy, however, took no disciplinary action against Mr. de Azúa and said he was not ...more
July 6, 2017, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, CL-PRACTICE-1

"According to one critic, for example, Japan’s 'gendered status quo' continues to 'allocate productive roles to men and reproductive roles to women.' Consequently, despite having one of the most liberal paid parental leave policies worldwide, only 2 percent of fathers take any of their leave, leaving the burden of childcare to fall on the mother. Perhaps not surprisingly then, 68 percent of mothers in Japan quit their jobs upon marriage or childbirth" (para 5).
July 5, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

¨Britain’s 2010 Equality Act prohibits discrimination in the workplace on the basis of gender, age or sexual orientation. But women’s advocates and legal experts said the law was unevenly applied¨(para 16)
July 5, 2017, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

¨The disparities that I am talking about are measurable, which means that they are very obvious. As of 2015, only 32% of Arab women were part of the labor force, as opposed to 72% of Jewish women. There can be no doubt that this is a dramatic difference. While it is true that there has been a steady increase in the number of Arab women employed since 1995, when it stood at only 19%, it is still not enough. When we remove ultra-Orthodox women from the equation, we find that the difference is enormous. Some 81% of non-ultra-Orthodox Jewish women are employed¨ (para 7). ¨(There is a reason for this ...more
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"In the Netherlands male and female unemployment rates in 2014 were 7.2 and 7.8 percent, respectively" (25). "In Sint Maarten the unemployment rate in 2013 was 9.9 percent for men and 8.4 percent for women. In Curacao the unemployment rate in 2013 was 15.4 percent for women and 10.5 percent for men. In Aruba the unemployment rate in 2010 was 10.8 percent for men and 10.4percent for women" (25).
Feb. 17, 2017, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"The female underemployment rate was 59 percent, 7 percent higher than the national underemployment rate and 10 points more than male underemployment" (44).
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned, however, about the persisting gender pay gap, the high level of unemployment among women and the long list of prohibited occupations for women, totalling 299 professions. The Committee also remains concerned about the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market, and that women are concentrated in low-paid sectors of employment" (8)
Feb. 8, 2017, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The ombudsman reported that women, regardless of education level, were more likely than men to lose their jobs" (21).
Feb. 2, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"A few weeks earlier, the male elders of their caste had decreed that village women working at nearby meat-processing factories should leave their jobs. The reason they gave was that women at home would be better protected from the sexual advances of outside men. A bigger issue lay beneath the surface: The women’s earnings had begun to undermine the old order" (para 4). "A third elder, their cousin, observed that his own wife worked at a factory, adding 5,000 rupees a month to the 1,800 he earned in a wedding band, but that there was an important difference between these income flows. 'My money,' he said, 'is the money that ...more
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"In 2012, the last time the government surveyed its citizens about their occupation, an astonishing 205 million women between the ages of 15 and 60 responded 'attending to domestic duties.' Economists, with increasing urgency, say India will not fulfill its potential if it cannot put them to work in the economy. They say that if female employment were brought on par with male employment in India, the nation’s gross domestic product would expand by as much as 27 percent" (para 4-5).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Participation of female in the labour force can change the dynamics of the entire labour market which can steer the economy of the country toward growth and development. Still, women are considered as physically weak and their work is very much restricted within the house due to socio cultural and religious conservation. Furthermore, there is a huge lack of women friendly employment opportunities in the country. Under these circumstances, there is a huge gender inequality in employment sector which is growing as a grave concern. Although, there is some progress in the recent years but it is lower than that of expected" (13). "It is also observed that unemployed population ...more
Jan. 6, 2017, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Roughly 8.7 million jobs vanished during the last recession. Since the downturn ended, however, men have encountered less trouble getting back to work, according to the Economic Policy Institute. Between February 2010 and June 2014, men gained 5.5 million jobs while women gained 3.6 million” (para 11)
Jan. 6, 2017, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

“In the 1970s, for example, when more women and a surge of baby boomer men entered the workforce, 65 percent of growth arose from workforce expansion, according to a McKinsey Global Institute report. Today, the study suggests, nearly 80 percent of growth comes from productivity increases — and American women still disproportionately remain on the economic sidelines” (para 23)
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

“According to Eurostat, in 2014 the female employment rate was 49.3 percent, compared with 74.9 percent for men” (14).
Dec. 10, 2016, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"To address women’s rights, she plans to focus on employment opportunities for her generation, saying, 'Today, 45% of young women between the ages of 20-24 are unemployed. This shows the inequality of opportunity for employment that exists for young women, and this must be changed.' World Bank data suggests that unemployment among young Iranian men is less than half that of young women" (Para 3).
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The share of women in the highest ranking and best-paid groups of occupation (senior officials, managers and legislators) is lower than in men, even though on average women attain higher levels of education and qualifications than men" (6)
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"In 2010, five violations of discrimination of a job seeker in giving employment were established (four violations in 2011); in one case it was found that an employer employed only men for certain types of work and only women for other types of work. In 2010, inspectors also found two violations of the prohibition on discrimination of a worker during the employment relationship; in 2011, three such violations were established. Inspectors detected one violation concerning advertisement of job vacancies in contravention of Article 25 of the Employment Relationships Act (equal treatment with respect to sex) in 2010 and one in 2011. Two violations in connection with the termination of employment ...more
Nov. 22, 2016, 11:21 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

The percentage of women in the workforce is 52% (ENB-Coder Comment)
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Annually, around 1 million new jobs open up in Uzbekistan, and upwards of 40 per cent of them are intended for women" (33). "Sociological surveys conducted by the Public Opinion Centre have revealed increased confidence among women in the stability of their status on the labour market. Accordingly, 43.4 per cent of women surveyed are not afraid of losing their job and are not concerned that they could be dismissed by the administration of their organization. At the same time, 47.2 per cent of women surveyed reckon that they could end up without a job because the employer goes for the competitive, highly skilled worker and gives preference to performance ...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

“Men age 15-49 are more likely to be employed than women age 15-49. Fifty-nine percent of men are currently employed, compared with 38% of women (Tables 3.5.1 and 3.5.2). An additional 11% of men and 9% of women reported working in the past 12 months even though they were not currently employed” (34).