The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-2

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay

"The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) The higher unemployment and self-employment rates among women, with women’s employment rates being lower than those of men by around 20 per cent, and the fact that unemployment especially affects women of African descent" (page 11). "The low employment rate among rural women (only 37 per cent of the rural workforce)" (page 12).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Although the activity rate of women of African descent is higher than that of women of other ancestry, their unemployment rate was 12 per cent in 2013 (and 18 per cent in 2007), higher than for women of non-African descent but also men as a whole (Table 50)" (page 36). "Women’s employment rates are lower than men’s on every measure, regardless of place of residence, ethnic ancestry, household poverty or age. Activity and employment rates for women show a disparity of about twenty percentage points relative to men (54.5 per cent vs 73.9 per cent and 50.0 per cent vs 70.2 per cent, respectively). Women’s unemployment rates are still higher...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned at persistent discrimination against women in the labour market, in particular: (a) The high rate of unemployed young women and their marginalization from formal labour markets; (b) The continuing horizontal and vertical occupational segregation and the concentration of women in low-paid jobs; (c) The lack of implementation of the principle of equal pay for work of equal value and the persistent gender wage gap; (d) The lack of information on labour inspections of women’s working conditions, in particular in the private and informal sectors" (page 11).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The unemployment rate for disabled women is 10 per cent. This is higher than that of disabled men (8 per cent) and non-disabled women (6 per cent)" (page 6). "While young women on average do better in school than young men, young women aged 15-24 years are also more likely not to be in education, employment or training (NEET). The proportion of young women aged 15-24 years NEET decreased from 14.9 per cent in 2013, to 13.3 per cent in December 2015. In the year to December 2015 NEET rates were 25.8 per cent for young Māori women, 20.9 per cent for young Pacific women and 10 per cent for...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The proportion of employed people has tended to grow — from 58 per cent in 2011 to 92.1 per cent in 2015. A positive trend is also seen in the employment of women. Thus, the share of employed women in 2015 constituted 89.3 per cent of the total number of women registered versus 50 per cent in 2011" (33).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern that the employment rate of women remains particularly low, and that housework is disproportionately carried out by women. It is furthermore concerned about: (a) The higher rate of unemployment among women than among men, especially among young women" (page 14).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"This has resulted in an unemployment rate among women of 24% compared to only about 8% among men" (para 8).
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is further concerned that this orientation increases prevalence of gender stereotypes by portraying women mainly, if not exclusively, into the role of mothers and care-givers" (2).
April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania

"Seventy-two percent of women and 88% of men are currently employed" (page 51).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Unemployment affects women more. According to the Comprehensive Survey of Household Living Conditions (EICVM) 2009, carried out by the National Institute of Statistics and Demography (INSD), the unemployment rate is 3.9 per cent among men and 6.9 per cent among women, broken down into 0.5 per cent among men and 1.6 per cent among women in rural areas and, respectively, 13 and 23.7 per cent in urban areas" (27).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is, however, concerned about the sex segregation of fields of study and the underrepresentation of girls in technology and vocational courses and apprenticeships at the secondary level, as well as in engineering, manufacturing and construction courses in higher education, which results in similar sex segregation of occupations in the labour market and higher unemployment rates for young women in spite of their higher rate of certification compared with employed males" (page 8). "However, the Committee is concerned: . . . (b) That the unemployment rate among women, especially young women below 25 years of age, is very high, and women who belong to disadvantaged and marginalized groups, such...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the detailed legal framework for workers employed in the formal sector, but notes with concern the discriminatory practices of employers against pregnant women, the high rate of unemployment among women and the strong vertical and horizontal segregation in the labour market, as well as the absence of implemented laws, including on equal pay, in this field, as evidenced by the persistence of wage gaps between women and men in both the public and private sectors. The Committee reiterates its concern about the high proportion of women in the informal sector, where they face persistent poverty and are not covered by social protection. The Committee is also concerned...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"The Committee is concerned about the high rates of unemployment among women in the State party. It also notes with concern the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the low representation of women in managerial positions in the private sector. The Committee is also concerned that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, it has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization. It is further concerned at the lack of statistical data on cases of sexual harassment in the workplace and measures taken to address it. In addition, the Committee is concerned that...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"It is also concerned at the high female unemployment rate, the considerable pay gap between women and men and the occupational segregation of women" (Pg 9).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The government reports that a trend persists for women to find employment opportunities in the service sector and the informal sector of the economy, in contrast to men, who predominantly work in the formal sector of industry and agriculture...This occupational segmentation leading to unequal participation of women and men in the productive sector of the economy is determined by gender conditions related to sexual division of labour" (26).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the 2009-2015 plan for the implementation of the National Gender Equality and Equity Strategy, which includes measures for economic empowerment and autonomy of women. It remains concerned, however, about: (a) The persistent gender wage gap and occupational segregation of women and men; (b) The high unemployment rate among women and the concentration of women in the informal sector; (c) The absence of legal provisions explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace; (d) The existence of discriminatory legal provisions allocating child benefits only to the father (art. 21 of the Code of Social Security), excluding the children of a deceased employed woman from her pension...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The unemployment rate is 5.60 percent among Saudi males and 33.80 per cent among Saudi females" (41).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"A survey of the labour force in Palestine conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics showed that the overall unemployment rate for 2015 was about 25.9 per cent. That broke down to 39.2 per cent for women versus 22.5 per cent for men. The unemployment rate for women breadwinners was 17.8 per cent, as opposed to 14.3 per cent for male breadwinners" (47-48).
Feb. 7, 2018, noon
Countries: Chile

"...the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of traditional stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and society, which overemphasize the traditional roles of women as mothers and spouses and continue to affect their educational and professional choices" (4).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Table 3, unemployment rate 20-64 years, percentage of the labor force, shows that from 2005 to 2013, women’s unemployment increased from 6.6% to 6.8%, while men’s unemployment increased from 7.1% to 7.4% (page 42-43). "The employment rate for women born abroad in Sweden is about 54 per cent, more than 8 percentage points lower than for men born broad and almost 20 percentage points lower than for women born in Sweden. Women born abroad, especially persons in need of protection and close relative immigrants, participate less in introduction activities and take more time than men born abroad to enter the labour market. One major gender equality challenge is therefore to...more
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"[there is a] very high rate of unemployed women and their marginalization from formal labour markets" (Pg 12). This statistic implies that women are not seen as vital members of the workforce and that if only a few people could be hired, men would be given priority (EJ-Coder Comment).
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:57 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"'We are crawling slowly toward the target,' says Elke Holst, a research director and senior economist at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) who has studied gender equality for years. 'The reason companies have been progressing so slowly is surely because their upper echelons are occupied by men with other perceptions of the world,' she says. 'Most of them have wives that take care of things at home. Women work for them in the office as well, as secretaries or consultants, but they're rarely at the same level, as a counterpart or equal'" (para 12). "'Young fathers today want to watch their children grow up much more closely than...more
Jan. 10, 2018, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"'Violence against women will not rapidly decline since it is mainly linked to cultural factors very marked in society, such as the greater value put on men in all fields,' Dr. Mabel Bianco, the head of the Foundation for Women’s Studies and Research, told IPS" (para 20).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Almost all currently married men and nearly three-fourths of currently married women were employed in the 12 months preceding the survey. About 9 out of 10 women and men who worked earned cash only for their work" (241).
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt

"The hijab became increasingly common among the working classes in Egypt from the 1970s"(1)
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Recent research points to potentially positive changes in perceptions surrounding women’s rights among Afghans. According to The Asia Foundation’s 2016 Survey of the Afghan People, 74 percent of respondents say women should be allowed to work outside the home, a 10 percent increase from the 2015 survey" (para 4). "While Afghans’ support for women working outside the home has increased significantly since 2015, respondents’ views on the acceptability of women’s employment opportunities differ based on the respondents’ level of education. Again, we find that education is one of the strongest factors to explain Afghans’ views toward women working in various employments [see Figure 1]" (para 9). "79.3 percent of those...more
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Of the 1,230 juvenile inmates held in six detention centers, 222 were convicted, and 267 were in pretrial detention, with the remaining juveniles under house arrest. There were only 141 custodians (most of them women) for the six centers and eight medical providers"(3)."Despite a lack of statistics, the Ombudsman’s Office shared anecdotal information of a perceived increase in recently hired women who were fired once their pregnancies were known. Although an illegal practice, many potential employers requested pregnancy tests"(18)."Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to race, sex, gender, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, and HIV-positive status (see section 6)"(32)
Dec. 22, 2017, 7:01 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Across Algeria, women are protesting against unemployment and campaigning for their rights" (para 30).
Dec. 14, 2017, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh

At 13:37 of the video a woman interviewed says "For six months of rain and storms, our husbands can’t work, so we sit idle and live in misery" (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Some firms choose to sacrifice the observance of legal regulations faced with the realization of a decrease in labor costs. They hold that female employees who get married or have a child will spend less time on their work, become less efficient in their jobs and create financial burdens upon them. As a result, certain enterprises become more and more reluctant to hire women or take radical measures to discourage female employees in their bids to get married or bear children. For instance, women in relationships are required not to get married or raise a child in the following years; wait in line to become pregnant; or dismiss themselves. Women's...more