The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"A man can prohibit his wife from working if it is deemed to negatively affect the family interests" (para 17).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, CL-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Women continue to be particularly affected by the ongoing transition to a market economy, poor economic development, high levels of unemployment, poverty, male out-migration, especially in recent years" (para 4).
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ASR-PRACTICE-2, ASR-LAW-2

“Simple tasks like buying a cell phone, registering children for school, applying for a job, getting a bank account, are all hugely complicated and require asking men for permission, time, money and help. Forget any sports in public” (para 1).
July 26, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Japan's post-war employment system is wellknown for being distinctly gendered, and has been described as having a gender fault line". The system is founded on the male breadwinner model, with men primarily responsible for productive roles and women for reproductive roles within the family unit and more broadly in society. At its core, this division of labour is premised on harnessing the strong commitment of a core male workforce with stable employment while making use of a supporting non-regular workforce which has increasingly comprised female workers. While the male breadwinner model was certainly not unique to Japan in the early post-war years, its persistence as an ideology over time is...more
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The share of Roma women in the total number of Roma included in active employment policy measures between 1 July and 31 December 2013 was 45.90 per cent; in 2014 it was 48.09 per cent, in 2015 it was 44.31 per cent and in 2016 it was 42.98 per cent" (13). "In accordance with the Bylaw on the Content and Manner of submitting Plans of Measures to Eliminate or Mitigate Gender Imbalance and Annual Reports on their Implementation, the Ministry of Labour received 428 plans and reports from economic operators in 2016 and 409 such plans by 31 March 2017. In 2015, labour inspectors conducted 3,157 inspections of compliance with...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Between the National Income and Employment Survey (ENEI) carried out in 2012 and the survey done in the first half 2013, underemployment fell by 1 per cent (in the case of women, from 41.2 per cent in 2012 to 35.3 per cent in 2013)" (30).
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Employment: Four in ten (42%) of women and 77% of men were employed in the 7 days preceding the survey. Over half of women and 16% of men had not been employed in the past 12 months" (33).
Dec. 31, 2019, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Looking at what’s next on the gender agenda, Campello concludes: 'Women should improve their selfconfidence, keep their feminine characteristics, fight for their place in the market and keep working to show that their results are as good as those achieved by men. We should also all understand that diversity – both of gender, opinions, culture and education – is better for the decision making process. It is richer and more successful in most cases' (para. 40).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"That study found that only 15 percent of Afghan men think women should be allowed to work outside of their home after marriage, and that two-thirds of Afghan men think women already have too many rights in Afghanistan" (para. 27).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Campaigns to criminalise these women and delegitimise their work often attack them on the basis of gender. Sexual violence against female land rights defenders and their daughters is used as an intimidation technique. When these women return home, they often lack the support of their fathers, brothers and husbands for their work, and may even suffer physical violence at the hands of their male family members. Plus, women face the added burden of carrying out their activism on top of household and childcare responsibilities" (para 13). "From a young age, Cuc Choc realised defending the land was designated for men. Her father was involved in community activism, but disapproved of...more
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Labor laws provide for equal rates of pay for equal work for men and women in the public but not the private sector. Educated women had employment opportunities, but social pressure against women pursuing a career was strong. Large sectors of the economy controlled by the military excluded women from high-level positions." (44).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Women in urban areas experienced less overt discrimination but did not enjoy pay or access to employment and credit on an equal basis with men" (21). "The country continued to have a large gender gap in terms of access to education and employment opportunities. Rooted stereotypes and ethnic traditions impeded women’s rights. Men had more employment opportunities than did women" (26).
Sept. 17, 2019, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"But instead of making it easier for women to both work and have children, China’s leader, Xi Jinping, has led a resurgence in traditional gender roles that has increasingly pushed women back into the home." (para 7).
July 21, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The implications of the war for men are immense, from death at the battlefront to unemployment and the psychological stress of failing to provide for their families. More women are entering the labor market, especially in rural areas where most of the men are day laborers, and becoming the breadwinners of their families" (para 5). CC: The fall of men from the labor market and the rise of women to take their place indicates that men take priority in having jobs in the job market. "While the increasing representation of women in public spaces can be considered a positive development, should their increasing participation in the labor market in such...more
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"It is concerned by the existence of a list of professions declared dangerous for women, which reinforces discriminatory stereotypes and occupational segregation" (9).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Women still remain underrepresented in traditionally male dominated fields of study, such as engineering, electronics and information technology, at the tertiary level" (7).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"In 2015 the COI reported sexual violence against women and girls was widespread in military training camps, that the sexual violence by military personnel in camps and the army amounted to torture, and the forced domestic service of women and girls in training camps amounted to sexual slavery. In a 2015 report, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) expressed concern regarding reports of women in national service frequently subjected to sexual violence, including rape" (p. 3).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-LAW-1

"The International Labor Organization reported on allegations that the Law on Maximum of Employees in the Public Sector, adopted in July 2015, is discriminatory because it obliges women workers in the public sector to retire at age 62, whereas male workers can work up to the age of 65. The retirement age for women will continue to increase incrementally until the retirement age is 65 years old for both men and women" (page 33).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"In many communities, women experienced societal discrimination based on traditional social norms depicting women as subordinate to men. There were reports of discrimination in employment" (page 18).
June 17, 2019, 1:34 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The percentage point decline in the unemployment rate was greater among women than men (4.47% vs. 2.04%) but unemployment rates remained higher among women than men over the entire period. In 2007, for example, about 28 per cent of women over the age of 15 were unemployed compared to 21 per cent of men" (12)
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Despite the government’s goal of increasing the role of women in the economic sector, women and girls ages 15 and older represented only 25 percent of the formal workforce, largely due to barriers to education and social traditions that precluded women from seeking and gaining employment" (48).
April 22, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Table no. 27 shows the population rates characteristics by activity and sex for 2013 and 2014. In 2013 there was a total 43,6% activity rate, regarding female population the activity rate was 32,5% and for the male population was 55,3%. In 2013, the total employment rate was of 31,6%, regarding female population the employment rate was 23% and for the male population was 40,6%. In 2013, the total unemployment rate was of 27,5%, regarding female population the unemployment rate was 29% and for the male population was 26,5%. In 2014 there was a total 43,7% activity rate, regarding female population the activity rate was 33% and for the male population...more
April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"On June 20, El Telegrafo reported that AfroEcuadorians continued to demand more opportunities in the workforce and complained that employers often would profile them based on their job application photographs. Indigenous and LGBTI individuals also experienced employment discrimination" (p. 34).
April 4, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'Creating more opportunity for women should be one of the world’s top concerns', 72% of the total sample agreed and 22% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 61% of men and 83% of women agreed; 32% of men and 12% of women disagreed (14).
April 4, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'Creating more opportunity for women should be one of the world’s top concerns', 51% of the total sample agreed and 44% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 49% of men and 53% of women agreed; 44% of men and 44% of women disagreed (14).
April 4, 2019, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'Creating more opportunity for women should be one of the world’s top concerns', 83% of the total sample agreed and 14% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 76% of men and 91% of women agreed; 21% of men and 8% of women disagreed (10).
April 4, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'Creating more opportunity for women should be one of the world’s top concerns', 66% of the total sample agreed and 30% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 63% of men and 69% of women agreed; 31% of men and 28% of women disagreed (10).
April 4, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'Creating more opportunity for women should be one of the world’s top concerns', 87% of the total sample agreed and 10% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 84% of men and 91% of women agreed; 14% of men and 6% of women disagreed (10).
April 4, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'Creating more opportunity for women should be one of the world’s top concerns', 72% of the total sample agreed and 21% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 67% of men and 77% of women agreed; 26% of men and 16% of women disagreed (10).
April 3, 2019, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'Creating more opportunity for women should be one of the world’s top concerns', 58% of the total sample agreed and 32% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 50% of men and 67% of women agreed; 41% of men and 23% of women disagreed (6).