The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Women experienced economic discrimination due to social norms that favored men, and their access to education and employment was limited (see section 7.d.)" (page 22).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"UK Government wants to see further progress being made in helping women make their way up the career ladder" (17). "In Scotland, the female employment rate is 72.0 %, female unemployment rate is 3.4% and the female inactivity rate is 25.4%. Over the last year, the female employment level in Scotland has increased by 26,000 to 1,294,000" (22).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"There are 190 business group leaders in the Lao National Chamber of Commerce and Industry of whom 44 are women or 23 per cent29 are women. The World Bank survey conducted in 2012 on enterprises of all sizes in Lao PDR has found that 31.8 per cent of those enterprises have women in their executive committees, in small enterprises (with 1-19 employees) 44.3 per cent of them have female leaders, medium enterprises (20-99 employees) with 16.5 per cent female leaders and big enterprises (100 or more employees) there were 5.1 per cent" (Pg 33).
Jan. 3, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"'I think women have shouldered most of the cost and burden during the transition from a planned economy to the market economy,' she says. 'For example, [in] ailing state-owned enterprises, women are always [the] first to be let off'" (para 6). "Zhang has personal experience of the changes that she wrote about it in her book, Socialism is Great. Growing up in Nanjing, the capital of China’s eastern Jiangsu province, she started working at a missile factory at the age of 16. The village she lived in served as a residential area for a local machinery factory, which was run by the Ministry of Aerospace Industry. 'They had a rule...more
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, at: (a) The limited labour participation of women, notwithstanding their high attainment rates in education" (page 10).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"As of June the Turkish Statistics Institute estimated the unemployment rate for women at 11.9 percent, while their employment rate in the formal economy was 31.6 percent" (page 72).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Women are not protected by anti-discrimination laws in Burma and certain laws, regulations, and policies directly and indirectly discriminate against women. Differential treatment is premised on the notion that women require 'protection' or that they are not suited for certain positions, especially decision-making roles. For example, Article 352 of the Constitution sets aside certain jobs that are 'suitable for men only' which the State Report does not consider discrimination" (page 4). "In Burma, most women’s identification cards state their occupation only as “dependent” even if the card holder is employed, for example as a teacher. If the individual does not make a specific request, the authority will only write down...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Saudi working women have launched a social media hashtag to reject links between the rise in divorce figures and the trend of women taking up employment" (para 1). "'We need to appreciate how a woman's job relates to, among other things, money issues, the differences that may arise between the woman and her husband, the interference of family members in the couple's differences and the time demands that may hamper the woman from fulfilling her home obligations'" (para 4).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"More women than men were self-employed or underemployed relative to their education level" (page 39).
Oct. 24, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Society and culture gradually silences women and teaches them how to work under men, and not with them" (para. 5 ).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Despite the high proportion of women in universities, the unemployment rate for women was nearly twice that for men" (para 161)
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The laws also require women to obey their husbands – including where the husbands change their residence or forbid women from working – in return for their entitlements to maintenance and accommodation from their husbands" (para 42). From this we can infer that society's general attitude is that men gave more right to jobs than women, since they don't need their spouse's permission while women do (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 2, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

" But this new law also reinforces the idea that child care is the responsibility of women alone — a belief that’s already making many educated Indian workers believe they have to choose between children and a career" (para 4). "One of the main factors is what some economists call the motherhood penalty, which takes a particular toll on workforce participation of educated women. In March 2017, a World Bank policy paper by Maitreyi Bordia Das and Ieva Zumbyte, 'The Motherhood Penalty and Female Employment in Urban India,' found that 'having a young child in the home depresses mothers’ employment'” (para 7).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"...societal disapproval discouraged women from working at tourist resorts for extended periods" (26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"...the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of traditional stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and society, which overemphasize the traditional roles of women as mothers and spouses and continue to affect their educational and professional choices" (4).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Societal prejudice and discrimination also led to disproportionate poverty and unemployment rates for women" (33).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

“Many workers lack access to even the most basic supports such as earned sick days and job-protected paid parental leave. Quality child care is also out of reach for many families because it is not affordable. Women are the large majority of family caregivers, and in the absence of reliable family supports, too many women are forced to make difficult decisions between keeping their jobs and caring for their family members” (83)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is also concerned about the persistent gender wage gap and that women are exposed to high unemployment rates and persistent horizontal and vertical segregation in the labour market in both the public and private sectors" (page 10).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, DMW-PRACTICE-1

“women are frequently assigned traditional family roles and discouraged from engaging in formal employment and that fathers are considered as the head of the family” (4)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, MULV-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-1

“amendments were adopted [that] reinforced women’s traditional role as housewives and mothers by creating an incentive for them to leave the formal labour market, as the law promised lifelong benefits to mothers with three or more children….following the annulment of the law, women who opted for such benefits will only receive them for a very limited period and are facing unemployment and a heightened risk of poverty” (11)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

“the unemployment rate among women remains disproportionately high, in particular among women belonging to minority groups, such as Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian women, women with disabilities and transgender women” (10)
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) The higher unemployment and self-employment rates among women, with women’s employment rates being lower than those of men by around 20 per cent, and the fact that unemployment especially affects women of African descent" (page 11). "The low employment rate among rural women (only 37 per cent of the rural workforce)" (page 12).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Although the activity rate of women of African descent is higher than that of women of other ancestry, their unemployment rate was 12 per cent in 2013 (and 18 per cent in 2007), higher than for women of non-African descent but also men as a whole (Table 50)" (page 36). "Women’s employment rates are lower than men’s on every measure, regardless of place of residence, ethnic ancestry, household poverty or age. Activity and employment rates for women show a disparity of about twenty percentage points relative to men (54.5 per cent vs 73.9 per cent and 50.0 per cent vs 70.2 per cent, respectively). Women’s unemployment rates are still higher...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned at persistent discrimination against women in the labour market, in particular: (a) The high rate of unemployed young women and their marginalization from formal labour markets; (b) The continuing horizontal and vertical occupational segregation and the concentration of women in low-paid jobs; (c) The lack of implementation of the principle of equal pay for work of equal value and the persistent gender wage gap; (d) The lack of information on labour inspections of women’s working conditions, in particular in the private and informal sectors" (page 11).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The unemployment rate for disabled women is 10 per cent. This is higher than that of disabled men (8 per cent) and non-disabled women (6 per cent)" (page 6). "While young women on average do better in school than young men, young women aged 15-24 years are also more likely not to be in education, employment or training (NEET). The proportion of young women aged 15-24 years NEET decreased from 14.9 per cent in 2013, to 13.3 per cent in December 2015. In the year to December 2015 NEET rates were 25.8 per cent for young Māori women, 20.9 per cent for young Pacific women and 10 per cent for...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The proportion of employed people has tended to grow — from 58 per cent in 2011 to 92.1 per cent in 2015. A positive trend is also seen in the employment of women. Thus, the share of employed women in 2015 constituted 89.3 per cent of the total number of women registered versus 50 per cent in 2011" (33).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern that the employment rate of women remains particularly low, and that housework is disproportionately carried out by women. It is furthermore concerned about: (a) The higher rate of unemployment among women than among men, especially among young women" (page 14).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"This has resulted in an unemployment rate among women of 24% compared to only about 8% among men" (para 8).
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is further concerned that this orientation increases prevalence of gender stereotypes by portraying women mainly, if not exclusively, into the role of mothers and care-givers" (2).
April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Seventy-two percent of women and 88% of men are currently employed" (page 51).