The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The laws also require women to obey their husbands – including where the husbands change their residence or forbid women from working – in return for their entitlements to maintenance and accommodation from their husbands" (para 42). From this we can infer that society's general attitude is that men gave more right to jobs than women, since they don't need their spouse's permission while women do (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 2, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

" But this new law also reinforces the idea that child care is the responsibility of women alone — a belief that’s already making many educated Indian workers believe they have to choose between children and a career" (para 4). "One of the main factors is what some economists call the motherhood penalty, which takes a particular toll on workforce participation of educated women. In March 2017, a World Bank policy paper by Maitreyi Bordia Das and Ieva Zumbyte, 'The Motherhood Penalty and Female Employment in Urban India,' found that 'having a young child in the home depresses mothers’ employment'” (para 7).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"...societal disapproval discouraged women from working at tourist resorts for extended periods" (26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"...the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of traditional stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and society, which overemphasize the traditional roles of women as mothers and spouses and continue to affect their educational and professional choices" (4).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Societal prejudice and discrimination also led to disproportionate poverty and unemployment rates for women" (33).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

“Many workers lack access to even the most basic supports such as earned sick days and job-protected paid parental leave. Quality child care is also out of reach for many families because it is not affordable. Women are the large majority of family caregivers, and in the absence of reliable family supports, too many women are forced to make difficult decisions between keeping their jobs and caring for their family members” (83)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is also concerned about the persistent gender wage gap and that women are exposed to high unemployment rates and persistent horizontal and vertical segregation in the labour market in both the public and private sectors" (page 10).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, DMW-PRACTICE-1

“women are frequently assigned traditional family roles and discouraged from engaging in formal employment and that fathers are considered as the head of the family” (4)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, MULV-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-1

“amendments were adopted [that] reinforced women’s traditional role as housewives and mothers by creating an incentive for them to leave the formal labour market, as the law promised lifelong benefits to mothers with three or more children….following the annulment of the law, women who opted for such benefits will only receive them for a very limited period and are facing unemployment and a heightened risk of poverty” (11)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

“the unemployment rate among women remains disproportionately high, in particular among women belonging to minority groups, such as Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian women, women with disabilities and transgender women” (10)
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) The higher unemployment and self-employment rates among women, with women’s employment rates being lower than those of men by around 20 per cent, and the fact that unemployment especially affects women of African descent" (page 11). "The low employment rate among rural women (only 37 per cent of the rural workforce)" (page 12).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Although the activity rate of women of African descent is higher than that of women of other ancestry, their unemployment rate was 12 per cent in 2013 (and 18 per cent in 2007), higher than for women of non-African descent but also men as a whole (Table 50)" (page 36). "Women’s employment rates are lower than men’s on every measure, regardless of place of residence, ethnic ancestry, household poverty or age. Activity and employment rates for women show a disparity of about twenty percentage points relative to men (54.5 per cent vs 73.9 per cent and 50.0 per cent vs 70.2 per cent, respectively). Women’s unemployment rates are still higher...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned at persistent discrimination against women in the labour market, in particular: (a) The high rate of unemployed young women and their marginalization from formal labour markets; (b) The continuing horizontal and vertical occupational segregation and the concentration of women in low-paid jobs; (c) The lack of implementation of the principle of equal pay for work of equal value and the persistent gender wage gap; (d) The lack of information on labour inspections of women’s working conditions, in particular in the private and informal sectors" (page 11).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The unemployment rate for disabled women is 10 per cent. This is higher than that of disabled men (8 per cent) and non-disabled women (6 per cent)" (page 6). "While young women on average do better in school than young men, young women aged 15-24 years are also more likely not to be in education, employment or training (NEET). The proportion of young women aged 15-24 years NEET decreased from 14.9 per cent in 2013, to 13.3 per cent in December 2015. In the year to December 2015 NEET rates were 25.8 per cent for young Māori women, 20.9 per cent for young Pacific women and 10 per cent for...more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The proportion of employed people has tended to grow — from 58 per cent in 2011 to 92.1 per cent in 2015. A positive trend is also seen in the employment of women. Thus, the share of employed women in 2015 constituted 89.3 per cent of the total number of women registered versus 50 per cent in 2011" (33).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern that the employment rate of women remains particularly low, and that housework is disproportionately carried out by women. It is furthermore concerned about: (a) The higher rate of unemployment among women than among men, especially among young women" (page 14).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"This has resulted in an unemployment rate among women of 24% compared to only about 8% among men" (para 8).
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is further concerned that this orientation increases prevalence of gender stereotypes by portraying women mainly, if not exclusively, into the role of mothers and care-givers" (2).
April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"Seventy-two percent of women and 88% of men are currently employed" (page 51).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Unemployment affects women more. According to the Comprehensive Survey of Household Living Conditions (EICVM) 2009, carried out by the National Institute of Statistics and Demography (INSD), the unemployment rate is 3.9 per cent among men and 6.9 per cent among women, broken down into 0.5 per cent among men and 1.6 per cent among women in rural areas and, respectively, 13 and 23.7 per cent in urban areas" (27).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is, however, concerned about the sex segregation of fields of study and the underrepresentation of girls in technology and vocational courses and apprenticeships at the secondary level, as well as in engineering, manufacturing and construction courses in higher education, which results in similar sex segregation of occupations in the labour market and higher unemployment rates for young women in spite of their higher rate of certification compared with employed males" (page 8). "However, the Committee is concerned: . . . (b) That the unemployment rate among women, especially young women below 25 years of age, is very high, and women who belong to disadvantaged and marginalized groups, such...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the detailed legal framework for workers employed in the formal sector, but notes with concern the discriminatory practices of employers against pregnant women, the high rate of unemployment among women and the strong vertical and horizontal segregation in the labour market, as well as the absence of implemented laws, including on equal pay, in this field, as evidenced by the persistence of wage gaps between women and men in both the public and private sectors. The Committee reiterates its concern about the high proportion of women in the informal sector, where they face persistent poverty and are not covered by social protection. The Committee is also concerned...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-5, DLB-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee is concerned about the high rates of unemployment among women in the State party. It also notes with concern the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the low representation of women in managerial positions in the private sector. The Committee is also concerned that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, it has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization. It is further concerned at the lack of statistical data on cases of sexual harassment in the workplace and measures taken to address it. In addition, the Committee is concerned that...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"It is also concerned at the high female unemployment rate, the considerable pay gap between women and men and the occupational segregation of women" (Pg 9).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The government reports that a trend persists for women to find employment opportunities in the service sector and the informal sector of the economy, in contrast to men, who predominantly work in the formal sector of industry and agriculture...This occupational segmentation leading to unequal participation of women and men in the productive sector of the economy is determined by gender conditions related to sexual division of labour" (26).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the 2009-2015 plan for the implementation of the National Gender Equality and Equity Strategy, which includes measures for economic empowerment and autonomy of women. It remains concerned, however, about: (a) The persistent gender wage gap and occupational segregation of women and men; (b) The high unemployment rate among women and the concentration of women in the informal sector; (c) The absence of legal provisions explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace; (d) The existence of discriminatory legal provisions allocating child benefits only to the father (art. 21 of the Code of Social Security), excluding the children of a deceased employed woman from her pension...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The unemployment rate is 5.60 percent among Saudi males and 33.80 per cent among Saudi females" (41).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"A survey of the labour force in Palestine conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics showed that the overall unemployment rate for 2015 was about 25.9 per cent. That broke down to 39.2 per cent for women versus 22.5 per cent for men. The unemployment rate for women breadwinners was 17.8 per cent, as opposed to 14.3 per cent for male breadwinners" (47-48).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

Table 3, unemployment rate 20-64 years, percentage of the labor force, shows that from 2005 to 2013, women’s unemployment increased from 6.6% to 6.8%, while men’s unemployment increased from 7.1% to 7.4% (page 42-43). "The employment rate for women born abroad in Sweden is about 54 per cent, more than 8 percentage points lower than for men born broad and almost 20 percentage points lower than for women born in Sweden. Women born abroad, especially persons in need of protection and close relative immigrants, participate less in introduction activities and take more time than men born abroad to enter the labour market. One major gender equality challenge is therefore to...more
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"[there is a] very high rate of unemployed women and their marginalization from formal labour markets" (Pg 12). This statistic implies that women are not seen as vital members of the workforce and that if only a few people could be hired, men would be given priority (EJ-Coder Comment).