The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-3

June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"[The Committee] is, however, concerned about the low representation of women in decision-making positions at the local level and in management positions on supervisory boards of companies" (page 9).
June 26, 2018, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"In 2014 women occupied 31 percent of senior administrative positions at state institutions" (21).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The number of women chief executives has increased in this reporting period. As at 30 June 2015, 41 per cent (12 of 29) of chief executives were women compared with 24.1 per cent in 2012. Women occupied 44.2 per cent of senior leadership positions in the public service (the top three tiers of management) as at 30 June 2015" (page 12). "Women comprise almost 60 per cent of employees in law firms, 47 per cent of lawyers, but only 26 per cent of partners or directors. The New Zealand Law Society has made the advancement of women one of its key priorities" (page 13). "Women made up 17 per cent...more
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Discrimination against women in the workplace is illegal, but a disproportionate share of women held jobs with lower levels of responsibility. Employers promoted women less frequently than they did men, and women were less likely to own or manage businesses (see section 7. d.)" (17).
June 7, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Yet these patients, most of whom were women, also told me that living without beauty in Brazil was to take an even bigger risk. Beauty is perceived as being so central for the job market, so crucial for finding a spouse and so essential for any chances at upward mobility that many can’t say no to these surgeries" (Para 5). This implies that women are held to a certain standard of beauty in order to move ahead in their career rather than being judged based on their qualifications (EJ-Coder Comment).
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Widespread discrimination with respect to women occurred, especially in the attainment of management positions" (23).
June 5, 2018, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Based on data from the European Commission in January, the average share of women in the boards of the largest listed companies registered in Greece was 8.9 percent" (21).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Discrimination based on gender in compensation, professional training, hiring, and dismissal were characteristic of the labor market. Employers often preferred to hire men to save on maternity and child-care costs and avoid the perceived unreliability associated with women with small children," (70).
May 29, 2018, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to women, especially in the attainment of management positions" (16).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women face…persistent horizontal and vertical segregation in the labor market" (11).
May 4, 2018, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-2

"Women made up 2.3 percent of corporate executives at 348 of the largest 500 companies in South Korea in 2015" (pp 11)
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"In 2014, the percentage of women on Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) 200 boards was 19.3 per cent. In 2014 6.1 per cent of women held a CEO position in the ASX 200 companies. The percentage of women on ASX 200 boards increased significantly between 2010 and 2014 from 10.7 per cent to 19.3 per cent. Women comprised 30 per cent of new appointments to ASX 200 boards over 2013–14. Since 2011 the ASX has required listed companies to disclose the extent to which they have followed its gender diversity recommendations. Under the If not, why not policy, where companies have not followed all of the recommendations, they must explain why....more
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"There also continued to be cases of employers forcing pregnant women to leave their jobs. On September 4, MHLW announced the name of an employer who unfairly dismissed a female employee due to pregnancy and had repeatedly refused to follow the ministry’s corrective guidance. The ministry stated this was the first time it disclosed the name of an employer pursuant to the law. In a separate case, on November 17, the Hiroshima High Court ordered a Hiroshima hospital to pay 1.75 million yen ($16,500) in damages to a physical therapist who was demoted after seeking a lighter workload due to pregnancy" (26).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

“The Committee is concerned that the austerity measures introduced in response to the economic and financial crisis have had a severe and disproportionate impact on women, in particular women with disabilities, older women and women domestic workers. Women have faced unemployment, reductions in social security and dependent care payments, wage freezes and the transformation of full-time jobs into part-time jobs with overtime hours. It is particularly concerned about the following issues: (a) The persistent gender wage gap, which at 17.8 per cent is higher than the average in the European Union; vertical and horizontal segregation in the labour market; and the concentration of women in part-time work, which adversely affects...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The persistence of horizontal and vertical occupational segregation; the concentration of women in the lower-paid service sectors and in temporary and part-time work, owing to their traditional role as caregivers for children; women’s underrepresentation in managerial positions in companies and the lack of part-time opportunities in high-level positions; and the significant discrimination against part-time employees in relation to invalidity insurance" (Pg 13).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee notes with concern: (b) Discrimination in recruitment and promotion, given that women need higher qualifications to attain the same decision-making positions as men" (10).
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about a persistent gender gap in employment, including: (a) Women’s limited access to formal employment, in particular managerial positions, in almost all sectors of the economy" (9).
March 27, 2018, 8:23 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-2

"New York based rights group Human Rights Watch (HRW) has urged President Joko 'Jokowi' Widodo to order the chiefs of the National Police and Indonesian Military (TNI) to immediately ban virginity testing for female applicants, saying the practice is a form of gender based violence. The decades old practice that includes a 'two-finger' test to determine whether a female applicant’s hymen is intact was degrading and discriminatory, as well as harming women’s equal access to job opportunities, HRW women’s rights advocacy director Nisha Varia said" (para 1-2). "Despite criticism from human rights campaigners, security forces continue to impose the test, classified as psychological examinations, on the grounds that the virginity...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-5, DLB-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee is concerned about the high rates of unemployment among women in the State party. It also notes with concern the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the low representation of women in managerial positions in the private sector. The Committee is also concerned that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, it has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization. It is further concerned at the lack of statistical data on cases of sexual harassment in the workplace and measures taken to address it. In addition, the Committee is concerned that...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Among private limited companies, which make up the majority of Norwegian companies, 18 per cent of board members are women" (7). "Today, a minimum of 40 per cent of board seats in public limited companies (ASAs) must be held by each gender. The Norwegian Public Limited Liability Companies Act has been important for ensuring women’s participation in key parts of Norwegian business and industry, and have directly affected the percentage of women on the boards of the companies covered by the provisions. In 1993, female representation on the boards of public limited companies was three per cent. The share today is more than 40 per cent. In companies partly owned...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Saudi women have been appointed to senior posts and leadership positions in government institutions, universities, etc" (32-33). "Women represented 25 per cent of the founding members of the National Society for Human Rights" (33).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"It should be noted that there are no impediments in getting employed at manager positions in different areas and reaching the level of professionalism by women. Promotion is made based on contest and on professional competence" (Pg 27). "The situation of women is contradictory. Having the same professional qualification as men, even higher in some segments, women are often employed requiring low qualifications, with lower average wages then men" (Pg 48).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned, however, about...Discriminatory vacancy announcements" (12).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Even though legislation does not discriminate between men and women with respect to public posts, the proportion of women holding such posts tends to down as one goes higher in the administrative hierarchy. That is especially the case for the highest posts. In 2015, only 11.7 per cent of public sector employees at the director-general (A4) grade and up were women, while 88.3 per cent were men" (28).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Swedish government holds one of the largest portfolios of companies in Sweden. These companies employ about 175 000 people. There are about 375 people on their boards. To be considered for a board place an individual must have general expertise in either business management, business development, industry knowledge or financial issues or in other relevant areas. The composition must also achieve a balance in terms of expertise, background, age and gender. In 2012, 49 per cent of board members in wholly state-owned companies were women. The results concerning the state-owned companies have been achieved through conscious and active corporate governance. MD posts and management teams are still dominated by...more
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Continuing horizontal and vertical occupational segregation and the concentration of women in low-paid jobs" (Pg 13).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"One local radio station, 'Kol Barama', prohibits the broadcasting of women voices and hiring women presenters" (19).
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:57 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The proportion of women on management boards of these corporations is, at a paltry 5.5 percent, even more depressing. That represents an increase of a mere 0.6 percent since the beginning of 2015. On the positive side, though, there are only two companies left that don't have any women on either their supervisory or management boards" (para 8). "There is hardly a law German companies have prepared for less than the gender quota. According to the FidAR study, only 59 of the 102 surveyed firms have set binding targets for the number of women in board and management roles, although the law requires all of them to do so. Of...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:11 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-2

"'Right before I took off the hijab my application for a job at an international organisation was turned down in Kuwait. The official reason for the rejection was the veil. I was really upset'"(3). This statement was made by Sara (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The extent of the problem was difficult to determine, because convictions for sexual harassment were rare, and pre-employment sexual harassment was not actionable. Despite the lack of statistics, the Ombudsman’s Office shared anecdotal information of a perceived increase in sexual harassment cases against women. The lack of formal reports was attributable to the absence of a follow-up protocol after reports are filed, the difficulty of providing proof in the absence of third-party witnesses, the lack of favorable results in the few past cases, and the likelihood a woman filing a complaint would be fired"(17)."Despite a lack of statistics, the Ombudsman’s Office shared anecdotal information of a perceived increase in recently...more