The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Despite an extensive legal framework providing for equality for women, such as equal employment opportunities and equal pay, societal and legal discrimination continued. A 2013 report on the Status of Women’s Rights in the Context of Socio-Economic Changes in the DPRK, by the ROK-based NGO Citizens’ Alliance for North Korea Human Rights, stated that it could not detect any major changes as a result of the 2010 Women’s Rights Protection Act. The report noted the act was vague, lacked the designation of an administering agency, did not include punishments for noncompliance, and had no accompanying implementing legislation"(12)."KINU [Korean Institute for National Unification] reported that discrimination against women emerged in the ...more
Nov. 9, 2017, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Looking at more than 40,000 job applications across a variety of industries, a study from the National Bureau of Economic Research found 'robust' evidence of age discrimination in hiring female candidates and 'considerably less evidence' for age discrimination against male candidates. The findings suggest that age discrimination is especially a female problem. The researchers sent out résumés to job listings for positions in sales, administration, security, and janitorial work. They measured the response rate, comparing young applicants (aged 29 to 31) to two groups of older workers (aged 49 to 51 and those nearing retirement at age 64 to 66), while factoring in possible reasons a company might not hire ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The guideline [Guideline for Women's Employment Rights] took six months to complete, and it aims at instilling equality and social justice, eliminating gender-based discrimination at the workplace, improving the work environment and raising women’s awareness of their rights"(para 2)."Assaf expects female employment to increase when the Social Security Law is implemented at the end of October, because the employer won’t have to pay maternity leave expenses — which will be paid by the social security fund. Many employers refuse to employ women due to the likelihood of pregnancy and the subsequent financial burden on the company"(para 11)."[Iman] Assaf noted that the laws and guideline[Guideline for Women's Employment Rights] should be ...more
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The argument that employers will be reluctant to hire women over maternity leave is unproven. 'In the UK, when they introduced the Equal Pay Act, the same argument was made,' said [Nidhi] Gupta. 'But actually studies have shown that it has not made employers less willing to hire women'"(para 22)
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"But increasing female participation in India is complex, said economist Rupa Subramanya. Maternity benefits may make women more willing to work, but they also make employers less willing to hire them"(para 14)."LocalCircles, a citizen engagement organisation that surveyed more than 4,000 small businesses about the new maternity rules, found that 26% of firms said they would favour men over women because of the new rules.Yatish Rajawat, chief strategy officer for LocalCircles, said: 'There is a lot of political correctness on hiring for diversity. Many people say something and do the opposite. The fact is that business dynamics will take over politically ‘right’ things. Now businesses are looking at women and ...more
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"But ask Ms. Auf der Masch and the 14 other apprentices in her class how many of the local companies that train them — midsize businesses that make everything from margarine to mobility scooters — are run by women. Not a single hand goes up. There are a few female department heads, most of them childless. But collectively the apprentices can think of more managers called 'Thomas' than managers who are women. There are, in fact, more C.E.O.s named 'Thomas' (seven) than C.E.O.s who are women (three) in Germany’s 160 publicly traded companies, notes the AllBright foundation, which tracks women in corporate leadership. Ninety-three percent of all executive board members ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The new program will work with businesses over four years to provide tools to 'recruit, retain, and promote women' throughout companies in the Solomon Islands – from the executive level to non-traditional roles. In addition to removing barriers to entry for women’s labor force participation, the IFC will work with businesses to implement gender-sensitive policies to safeguards women’s rights and needs in the workplace"(para 2)."Importantly, the Solomon Islands’ largest employer agrees: According to SolTuna’s General Manager Jim Alexander, 'Not only is it the right thing to do, it makes good business sense for us to open up opportunities for advancement to our entire workforce regardless of gender'"(para 9)more
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece

“The economic issues also amplified existing trends. Working women were already postponing childbirth. As the recession dragged on, they delayed even more for fear of jeopardizing work opportunities, a situation that has exacerbated fertility problems. Progress on gender equality eroded in Greece during the crisis, according to the European Parliament. Women reported being regularly rejected for jobs if they were of childbearing age, or having contracts that were involuntarily converted to part time if they became pregnant” (para 27-28). “As the [economic] crisis persisted, Anastasia Economopoulou, 42, pushed back her dream of having several children. She was fearful of losing her job as a saleswoman at a retail branding company ...more
Aug. 11, 2017, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Gina Din, the Founder and CEO of the Gina Din group, is a businesswoman from Kenya specializing in strategic communication and public relations. She was named CNBC outstanding businesswoman of the year for East Africa 2015 as well as 40 most influential voices in Africa" (para 1).
Aug. 8, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"If menstrual leave is put into full practice, some enterprises may take extreme measures to protect their own interests, such as rejecting or recruiting fewer female jobseekers. In that case, paid menstrual leave will not only fail to benefit women but put them in a predicament, doing indirect harm to their basic rights and interests.Therefore, the enforcement of menstrual leave requires clear legal provisions, which should be tied to the benefits of enterprises and form a strong binding force, Lu [Junyu] commented"(para 9-11)
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"In 2011, Kathleen Green won a suit over the Los Angeles Airport police’s failure to promote her to captain" (para 12).
Aug. 4, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"'Companies in the past haven't linked the return on investment for fostering diverse workforces...and they haven't been aware of the really subtle behaviors that are preventing women from getting hired in high-paying roles or rising to executive levels'" (para 14).
July 6, 2017, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Moreover, senior management roles continue to remain out of reach for women – only 1 percent of executive committee members at Japan’s top twenty companies were women in 2014" (para 7).
May 18, 2017, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Many Chinese women have faced questions over their plans to have a child when they went for job interviews, and employers have routinely rejected candidates who say they will get pregnant, according to reports from across the country" (para 2). "A job-seeker with strong working experience stated that she was not popular on the recruitment market after she got married. 'Nearly every company has asked my fertility plans and an executive recruiter even asked ‘Are you planning to have a baby in three years'? Compared to working ability and experience, it seems that a woman's fertility is what matters most,' she said, after receiving only two job offers in total. ...more
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"According to police statistics, lewd acts decreased by 4.9 percent in the first half of the year, from 657 cases in the first half of 2014 to 625 cases in the same period in 2015. There were fewer reports of such acts on trains and in open areas, but reports of such acts on public buses increased" (21). "No laws mandate nondiscrimination in hiring practice on the basis of gender, prohibit employers from asking questions about a prospective employee’s family status during a job interview, provide for flexible or part-time work schedules for employees with minor children, or establish public provision of childcare" (21-22). "Women were well represented in many ...more
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Observers reported that authorities precluded hiring women for positions in the civil service and in specific professions that they occupied previously, such as school administration" (26).
April 6, 2017, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"There were instances of hiring and pay discrimination against women, particularly in the private sector. During the first 10 months of the year, the ombudsman initiated one case of employment discrimination against a woman, allegedly because she was pregnant" (23).
March 28, 2017, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"As of November 23, the Gender Equality Complaints Committee ruled that the law on equal status was violated six times. In the first case, the committee ruled that a district commissioner violated the law when the commissioner temporarily hired two men as police lieutenants instead of a woman, based on unsuitable and subjective standards for determining their qualifications. In the second case, the Ministry of the Interior violated the law by appointing three men as assistant chiefs of police at the Metropolitan Police District instead of a female candidate, based on sex-based discrimination in scoring her job interview. In the third case, the committee ruled that an unnamed entity violated ...more
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"While women continued to be underrepresented in supervisory or managerial positions in government and in the private sector, more women held such positions than in previous years" (26).
March 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women faced considerable pay gaps, and were less likely to be hired than men because employers preferred to avoid paying maternity benefits" (16).
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Job vacancy notices routinely specified that the employer sought only male or only female applicants, and women earned approximately 61 percent less than men for equal work" (11). "In August three members of the law enforcement department of the city council of Georgetown were dismissed for becoming pregnant. This department’s rules prohibit a female constable from becoming pregnant within her first two years of employment with the department. Following public outcry, the government acknowledged that the policy was discriminatory, and the constables were reinstated" (11).
March 10, 2017, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Nearly 98 percent of Taiwan’s businesses were SMEs in 2014, a huge proportion, and 491,000 women were owners" (para 4).
March 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women were underrepresented in highly paid managerial positions and overrepresented in some lower-wage occupations" (19). "In 2014 women occupied 5 percent of the positions on the management boards and 18 percent of positions on supervisory boards in the country’s top 200 companies" (19). "In March the Bundestag enacted legislation to introduce a gender quota of 30 percent for supervisory boards of certain publicly traded corporations. The law also requires approximately 3,500 companies to set and publish self-determined targets for increasing the share of women in leading positions (executive boards and management) by 2017, and to report on their performance. In July 2014 a study by the Federal Statistics Office showed ...more
Feb. 23, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"There continued to be female- and male-dominated professions. Women constituted one-third of managers" (17).
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Although pregnancy testing as a condition for employment is illegal, some businesses allegedly required female job applicants to present pregnancy test results, and some businesses illegally fired pregnant workers" (19). "Men often received priority in job placement and promotions, and women did not receive equal treatment in traditionally maledominated sectors, such as agriculture and business" (19).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Some employers reportedly gave pregnancy tests to women before hiring them as part of a required medical examination. Although it is illegal to discriminate based on such tests, NGO leaders reported that employers often did not hire pregnant women and sometimes fired female employees who became pregnant" (31).
Feb. 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"While women in the formal sector received the same pay and paid the same taxes as men, some employers resisted hiring women" (31).
Feb. 8, 2017, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"According to the ombudsman for gender equality, women experienced discrimination in employment, including in pay and promotion to managerial and executive positions. Women generally held lower paying positions in the workforce...In addition salaries were much lower in occupations filled mostly by women, while higherpaying management positions were more often filled by men" (20).
Feb. 3, 2017, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Unemployment disproportionately affected women. They faced hiring discrimination and received salaries that generally were not commensurate with their education and experience" (55-56).