The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-3

April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"However, in BiH AF, the percentage of women’s participation in management positions is still very low (2.5 per cent), as is the case in security sector and police structures at all levels of government. Women are mostly represented at middle management levels, while the minimum representation is at the top management positions" (24-25). "Period of women’s waiting for the first job is significantly longer than in case of men, there are prolonged interruptions of periods of employment due to maternity leave and care for elderly or sick, and inability to find work at a mature age due to changes in needs of the labour market. In comparison to other countries...more
April 17, 2019, 9:19 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"The law establishes sentences of… six months to two years for employers who discriminate against women in the workplace, but employees generally did not report such violations due to fear of employer reprisals" (p. 24).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Information that women have limited opportunities for employment outside the agricultural and domestic sectors, where wages are low" (9).
April 15, 2019, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Transgender women were particularly vulnerable to employment and education discrimination; many could find employment only as sex workers, substantially increasing their risk of violence" (p. 24).
April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"[Hong Kong] According to gender-rights activists and public policy analysts, while the law treats men and women equally in terms of property rights in divorce settlements and inheritance matters, women faced discrimination in employment, salary, welfare, inheritance, and promotion (see section 7.d.)" (page 114).
April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"On June 20, El Telegrafo reported that AfroEcuadorians continued to demand more opportunities in the workforce and complained that employers often would profile them based on their job application photographs. Indigenous and LGBTI individuals also experienced employment discrimination" (p. 34).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"In May the Gender Equality Complaints Committee ruled that the Ministry of Finance violated the law on equal status when it hired a male employee over a female applicant of equal qualifications for the position of director of public finance in June 2016" (p. 10).
April 5, 2019, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women experienced discrimination especially in the attainment of managerial positions" (16).
April 4, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 39% (38% of men and 40% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 7% agreed that they would rather a woman (8% of men and 6% of women), 52% agreed that they had no preference (51% of men and 53% of women) and 2% did not know (3% of men and 2% of women) (16).
April 4, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 20% (24% of men and 17% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 6% agreed that they would rather a woman (6% of men and 6% of women), 72% agreed that they had no preference (69% of men and 76% of women) and 2% did not know (2% of men and 2% of women) (16).
April 4, 2019, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 16% (15% of men and 18% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 10% agreed that they would rather a woman (10% of men and 10% of women), 68% agreed that they had no preference (70% of men and 66% of women) and 5% did not know (5% of men and 6% of women) (8).
April 4, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 53% (53% of men and 52% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 7% agreed that they would rather a woman (6% of men and 8% of women), 36% agreed that they had no preference (38% of men and 37% of women) and 3% did not know (3% of men and 3% of women) (12).
April 4, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 34% (32% of men and 37% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 21% agreed that they would rather a woman (27% of men and 15% of women), 41% agreed that they had no preference (39% of men and 45% of women) and 3% did not know (2% of men and 4% of women) (12).
April 4, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 18% (20% of men and 17% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 11% agreed that they would rather a woman (8% of men and 15% of women), 68% agreed that they had no preference (69% of men and 67% of women) and 2% did not know (3% of men and 1% of women) (12).
April 3, 2019, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 16% (15% of men and 18% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 10% agreed that they would rather a woman (10% of men and 10% of women), 68% agreed that they had no preference (70% of men and 66% of women) and 5% did not know (5% of men and 6% of women) (8).
April 3, 2019, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 10% (12% of men and 8% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 9% agreed that they would rather a woman (8% of men and 11% of women), 78% agreed that they had no preference (78% of men and 78% of women) and 2% did not know (2% of men and 3% of women) (8).
April 3, 2019, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 16% (18% of men and 14% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 9% agreed that they would rather a woman (8% of men and 10% of women), 68% agreed that they had no preference (67% of men and 69% of women) and 7% did not know (7% of men and 8% of women) (8).
April 3, 2019, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 17% (17% of men and 18% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 12% agreed that they would rather a woman (12% of men and 12% of women), 66% agreed that they had no preference (67% of men and 66% of women) and 5% did not know (5% of men and 5% of women) (8).
April 3, 2019, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 15% (19% of men and 11% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 12% agreed that they would rather a woman (13% of men and 12% of women), 69% agreed that they had no preference (64% of men and 74% of women) and 4% did not know (4% of men and 4% of women) (8).
April 2, 2019, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"A Muslim community office focused on reporting anti-Islamic acts reported discriminatory hiring practices against Muslim women wearing headscarves when trying to obtain a retail or customer service position" (p. 16).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, GIC-LAW-3

"Discrimination based on gender in compensation, professional training, hiring, and dismissal was common. Employers often preferred to hire men to save on maternity and child-care costs and to avoid the perceived unreliability associated with women with small children. Such discrimination was often very difficult to prove, although NGOs reported several successful lawsuits in St. Petersburg against companies for wrongful termination of women on maternity leave" (61).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Despite the law against discrimination based on gender or marital status, discrimination against women was pervasive, and women did not have opportunities equal to those available to men. Women had significantly lower levels of literacy, education, and formal and nontraditional employment opportunities. Few women participated in the limited formal labor market, and those that did represented only a very small portion of managerial and administrative staff" (para 134).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women continued to report that discrimination, sexual harassment, unfair dismissal, demotion, and wage discrepancies were significant problems . . . Despite government policies mandating nondiscrimination in employment and remuneration, such discrimination occurred (see section 7.d.)" (page 57). "Women with advanced degrees, however, reported discrimination in the hiring process, since the job distribution system became more competitive and market driven" (page 58). "Discrimination in employment was widespread, including in recruitment advertisements that discriminated based on gender, age, height, and physical appearance and workplace policies that discriminated on the basis of test results for HIV/AIDs and hepatitis (see section 6, HIV and AIDS Social Stigma and Other Societal Violence or Discrimination). Many...more
March 28, 2019, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 21% (18% of men and 23% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 9% agreed that they would rather a woman (10% of men and 8% of women), 68% agreed that they had no preference (69% of men and 66% of women) and 2% did not know (2% of men and 2% of women) (4).
March 28, 2019, 3:34 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 18% (18% of men and 18% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 9% agreed that they would rather a woman (11% of men and 7% of women), 69% agreed that they had no preference (67% of men and 70% of women) and 5% did not know (4% of men and 6% of women) (4).
March 28, 2019, 3:34 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

Regarding the question 'Who as a boss': a total of 20% (15% of men and 25% of women) agreed that they would rather a man, 11% agreed that they would rather a woman (14% of men and 8% of women), 66% agreed that they had no preference (68% of men and 64% of women) and 3% did not know (2% of men and 4% of women) (4).
March 22, 2019, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"A total of 468 complaints were received by the Equality Body during the period March 2011 to August 2016. Of these, 205 (44%) were submitted by women who claimed discrimination on the basis of gender: ... 14 cases concerned discrimination because of gender on issues related to recruitment, salary, promotion" (10).
March 18, 2019, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"A November report by MIPROF reported that the security forces registered 10,870 incidents of harassment and other threats committed by a partner in 2016, with female victims making up more than 88 percent of the total victims" (p. 18).
March 15, 2019, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"There were instances of hiring and pay discrimination against women, particularly in the private sector" (16).
March 15, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Discrimination against women was especially common in promotions to management positions" (12).