The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ERBG-PRACTICE-3

April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

“The Committee is concerned that the austerity measures introduced in response to the economic and financial crisis have had a severe and disproportionate impact on women, in particular women with disabilities, older women and women domestic workers. Women have faced unemployment, reductions in social security and dependent care payments, wage freezes and the transformation of full-time jobs into part-time jobs with overtime hours. It is particularly concerned about the following issues: (a) The persistent gender wage gap, which at 17.8 per cent is higher than the average in the European Union; vertical and horizontal segregation in the labour market; and the concentration of women in part-time work, which adversely affects ...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The persistence of horizontal and vertical occupational segregation; the concentration of women in the lower-paid service sectors and in temporary and part-time work, owing to their traditional role as caregivers for children; women’s underrepresentation in managerial positions in companies and the lack of part-time opportunities in high-level positions; and the significant discrimination against part-time employees in relation to invalidity insurance" (Pg 13).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee notes with concern: (b) Discrimination in recruitment and promotion, given that women need higher qualifications to attain the same decision-making positions as men" (10).
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about a persistent gender gap in employment, including: (a) Women’s limited access to formal employment, in particular managerial positions, in almost all sectors of the economy" (9).
March 27, 2018, 8:23 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-2

"New York based rights group Human Rights Watch (HRW) has urged President Joko 'Jokowi' Widodo to order the chiefs of the National Police and Indonesian Military (TNI) to immediately ban virginity testing for female applicants, saying the practice is a form of gender based violence. The decades old practice that includes a 'two-finger' test to determine whether a female applicant’s hymen is intact was degrading and discriminatory, as well as harming women’s equal access to job opportunities, HRW women’s rights advocacy director Nisha Varia said" (para 1-2). "Despite criticism from human rights campaigners, security forces continue to impose the test, classified as psychological examinations, on the grounds that the virginity ...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-5, DLB-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee is concerned about the high rates of unemployment among women in the State party. It also notes with concern the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the low representation of women in managerial positions in the private sector. The Committee is also concerned that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, it has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization. It is further concerned at the lack of statistical data on cases of sexual harassment in the workplace and measures taken to address it. In addition, the Committee is concerned that ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Among private limited companies, which make up the majority of Norwegian companies, 18 per cent of board members are women" (7). "Today, a minimum of 40 per cent of board seats in public limited companies (ASAs) must be held by each gender. The Norwegian Public Limited Liability Companies Act has been important for ensuring women’s participation in key parts of Norwegian business and industry, and have directly affected the percentage of women on the boards of the companies covered by the provisions. In 1993, female representation on the boards of public limited companies was three per cent. The share today is more than 40 per cent. In companies partly owned ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Saudi women have been appointed to senior posts and leadership positions in government institutions, universities, etc" (32-33). "Women represented 25 per cent of the founding members of the National Society for Human Rights" (33).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"It should be noted that there are no impediments in getting employed at manager positions in different areas and reaching the level of professionalism by women. Promotion is made based on contest and on professional competence" (Pg 27). "The situation of women is contradictory. Having the same professional qualification as men, even higher in some segments, women are often employed requiring low qualifications, with lower average wages then men" (Pg 48).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned, however, about...Discriminatory vacancy announcements" (12).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Even though legislation does not discriminate between men and women with respect to public posts, the proportion of women holding such posts tends to down as one goes higher in the administrative hierarchy. That is especially the case for the highest posts. In 2015, only 11.7 per cent of public sector employees at the director-general (A4) grade and up were women, while 88.3 per cent were men" (28).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The Swedish government holds one of the largest portfolios of companies in Sweden. These companies employ about 175 000 people. There are about 375 people on their boards. To be considered for a board place an individual must have general expertise in either business management, business development, industry knowledge or financial issues or in other relevant areas. The composition must also achieve a balance in terms of expertise, background, age and gender. In 2012, 49 per cent of board members in wholly state-owned companies were women. The results concerning the state-owned companies have been achieved through conscious and active corporate governance. MD posts and management teams are still dominated by ...more
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Continuing horizontal and vertical occupational segregation and the concentration of women in low-paid jobs" (Pg 13).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"One local radio station, 'Kol Barama', prohibits the broadcasting of women voices and hiring women presenters" (19).
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:57 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The proportion of women on management boards of these corporations is, at a paltry 5.5 percent, even more depressing. That represents an increase of a mere 0.6 percent since the beginning of 2015. On the positive side, though, there are only two companies left that don't have any women on either their supervisory or management boards" (para 8). "There is hardly a law German companies have prepared for less than the gender quota. According to the FidAR study, only 59 of the 102 surveyed firms have set binding targets for the number of women in board and management roles, although the law requires all of them to do so. Of ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:11 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-2

"'Right before I took off the hijab my application for a job at an international organisation was turned down in Kuwait. The official reason for the rejection was the veil. I was really upset'"(3). This statement was made by Sara (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The extent of the problem was difficult to determine, because convictions for sexual harassment were rare, and pre-employment sexual harassment was not actionable. Despite the lack of statistics, the Ombudsman’s Office shared anecdotal information of a perceived increase in sexual harassment cases against women. The lack of formal reports was attributable to the absence of a follow-up protocol after reports are filed, the difficulty of providing proof in the absence of third-party witnesses, the lack of favorable results in the few past cases, and the likelihood a woman filing a complaint would be fired"(17)."Despite a lack of statistics, the Ombudsman’s Office shared anecdotal information of a perceived increase in recently ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Childbearing has squeezed the opportunities accessible to women in their career growth. A survey shows that 67.4 percent of surveyed women think reproduction has scaled down their chances to get training or promotion in their work, and 47.4 percent of female employees blame it for the deterioration of their work conditions" (para 5). "The departments of human resources and social security, taxation and finance should grant financial subsidies to female employees' social security contributions during their maternity leave, provide a proportion of tax allowance and exemption to any employers, the percentage of whose female employees reaches or surpasses 40 percent. Furthermore, the commission offices of public sectors reform should make ...more
Dec. 8, 2017, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-2, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"Despite recent high-profile examples, women hold very few powerful positions in politics or business" (para 10).
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Japanese women hold...just 2.1 percent of board of directors seats; in France, women hold 30 percent of board of directors seats, and 20 percent in Canada and the United States, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)" (para 5).
Nov. 30, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women remain underrepresented at every level in the corporate pipeline. Corporate America promotes men at 30 percent higher rates than women during their early career stages, and entry-level women are significantly more likely than men to have spent five or more years in the same role" (para 3). "Women negotiate for promotions and raises as often as men but face more pushback when they do. Women also receive informal feedback less frequently than men—despite asking for it as often—and have less access to senior-level sponsors. Not surprisingly, women are almost three times more likely than men to think their gender will make it harder to get a raise, promotion, or ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Despite an extensive legal framework providing for equality for women, such as equal employment opportunities and equal pay, societal and legal discrimination continued. A 2013 report on the Status of Women’s Rights in the Context of Socio-Economic Changes in the DPRK, by the ROK-based NGO Citizens’ Alliance for North Korea Human Rights, stated that it could not detect any major changes as a result of the 2010 Women’s Rights Protection Act. The report noted the act was vague, lacked the designation of an administering agency, did not include punishments for noncompliance, and had no accompanying implementing legislation"(12)."KINU [Korean Institute for National Unification] reported that discrimination against women emerged in the ...more
Nov. 9, 2017, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Looking at more than 40,000 job applications across a variety of industries, a study from the National Bureau of Economic Research found 'robust' evidence of age discrimination in hiring female candidates and 'considerably less evidence' for age discrimination against male candidates. The findings suggest that age discrimination is especially a female problem. The researchers sent out résumés to job listings for positions in sales, administration, security, and janitorial work. They measured the response rate, comparing young applicants (aged 29 to 31) to two groups of older workers (aged 49 to 51 and those nearing retirement at age 64 to 66), while factoring in possible reasons a company might not hire ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The guideline [Guideline for Women's Employment Rights] took six months to complete, and it aims at instilling equality and social justice, eliminating gender-based discrimination at the workplace, improving the work environment and raising women’s awareness of their rights"(para 2)."Assaf expects female employment to increase when the Social Security Law is implemented at the end of October, because the employer won’t have to pay maternity leave expenses — which will be paid by the social security fund. Many employers refuse to employ women due to the likelihood of pregnancy and the subsequent financial burden on the company"(para 11)."[Iman] Assaf noted that the laws and guideline[Guideline for Women's Employment Rights] should be ...more
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The argument that employers will be reluctant to hire women over maternity leave is unproven. 'In the UK, when they introduced the Equal Pay Act, the same argument was made,' said [Nidhi] Gupta. 'But actually studies have shown that it has not made employers less willing to hire women'"(para 22)
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"But increasing female participation in India is complex, said economist Rupa Subramanya. Maternity benefits may make women more willing to work, but they also make employers less willing to hire them"(para 14)."LocalCircles, a citizen engagement organisation that surveyed more than 4,000 small businesses about the new maternity rules, found that 26% of firms said they would favour men over women because of the new rules.Yatish Rajawat, chief strategy officer for LocalCircles, said: 'There is a lot of political correctness on hiring for diversity. Many people say something and do the opposite. The fact is that business dynamics will take over politically ‘right’ things. Now businesses are looking at women and ...more
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"But ask Ms. Auf der Masch and the 14 other apprentices in her class how many of the local companies that train them — midsize businesses that make everything from margarine to mobility scooters — are run by women. Not a single hand goes up. There are a few female department heads, most of them childless. But collectively the apprentices can think of more managers called 'Thomas' than managers who are women. There are, in fact, more C.E.O.s named 'Thomas' (seven) than C.E.O.s who are women (three) in Germany’s 160 publicly traded companies, notes the AllBright foundation, which tracks women in corporate leadership. Ninety-three percent of all executive board members ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The new program will work with businesses over four years to provide tools to 'recruit, retain, and promote women' throughout companies in the Solomon Islands – from the executive level to non-traditional roles. In addition to removing barriers to entry for women’s labor force participation, the IFC will work with businesses to implement gender-sensitive policies to safeguards women’s rights and needs in the workplace"(para 2)."Importantly, the Solomon Islands’ largest employer agrees: According to SolTuna’s General Manager Jim Alexander, 'Not only is it the right thing to do, it makes good business sense for us to open up opportunities for advancement to our entire workforce regardless of gender'"(para 9)more
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

“The economic issues also amplified existing trends. Working women were already postponing childbirth. As the recession dragged on, they delayed even more for fear of jeopardizing work opportunities, a situation that has exacerbated fertility problems. Progress on gender equality eroded in Greece during the crisis, according to the European Parliament. Women reported being regularly rejected for jobs if they were of childbearing age, or having contracts that were involuntarily converted to part time if they became pregnant” (para 27-28). “As the [economic] crisis persisted, Anastasia Economopoulou, 42, pushed back her dream of having several children. She was fearful of losing her job as a saleswoman at a retail branding company ...more