The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for EWCMS-LAW-1

Sept. 9, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Miad Jubouri, an Iraqi mother of five who joined the ranks of the Iraqi forces battling the Islamic State (IS), has been participating in the battle as part of the Lions of the Tigris faction for the past two years. In a patriotic and conservative Iraqi society, Jubouri’s fight alongside the male-dominated Iraqi security forces has caught the attention of both the community and the media" (para 1). "Generally speaking, Iraqi women are fighting in the ranks of official organizations, under military command, which makes their mission noble. They are fighting to defend their country, not for personal revenge or terrorist motives, as is the case of women recruited by ...more
Feb. 23, 2017, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"[The proposed bill] also suggests bans on various activities, including women fighting in wars" (para 7).
Feb. 8, 2017, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"In addition the armed forces increased opportunities for female soldiers to participate in overseas peacekeeping operations" (20-21).
Feb. 2, 2017, 7:41 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"In the midst of this change, there have been encouraging legal reforms that recognise the rights of women, exemplified in the abolition of various patriarchal laws such as South Korea’s family-head system, the enactment of equal opportunity laws and the lifting of bans on women in the military" (para 4).
Jan. 3, 2017, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"The military continued to accept women into its Defense Services Academy" (42).
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Moreover, the National Gendarmerie and the National Guard, which were reserved solely to men, have been opened up to women since 2006. The same is true of Civil Defence in 2008" (21).
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“In its never-ending quest for equality between the sexes, Norway recently opened up its armed forces to female recruits. Today, the Nordic country is ready to welcome its first women conscripts" (para 1). “Colonel Sven Halvorsen stressed that the Norwegian defense made no allowances for any sex and had largely common standard and requirements for all conscripts” (para 10). “Thoresen also expressed the idea that Sweden and Denmark might follow in Norway's footsteps by introducing universal conscription as well. ‘It seems that we have been pioneers in this area. At present, it looks like Sweden is about to follow, although it is difficult to say for certain,’ Thoresen said. Norway ...more
July 5, 2016, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1, EWCMS-DATA-2

"UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported on Wednesday that the nine Kurdish soldiers, including three women, were captured in the fight over the northern Syrian town of Kobane, also known as Ayn Arab." (1)
June 3, 2016, 11:43 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"In order to eliminate all discrimination against women, the armed forces have adopted educational measures whereby women and men have the same opportunity to be admitted to officer training centres at the various military academies (army, air force and navy) and receive equal treatment, thus dispelling the stereotype that only men are able to defend our national sovereignty. In the course of their military career, men and women have the same opportunities for promotion to the next higher rank, provided they meet all the requirements— physical, medical, psychological, and knowledge-related— of the relevant laws and regulations. In the armed forces, men and women have equal opportunities to gain command rank, ...more
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"The Law on the Army of Montenegro (Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro 47/07) stipulates that only Montenegrin citizens and exceptionally persons without Montenegrin citizenship signed up as volunteers may join the service in the Army (Article 18). The Law guarantees application of the principles of transparency, fairness and equal rights to the candidates applying to join the service in the Army without discrimination on any grounds (sex, race, language, religion, political or other belief, ethnic or social background, property status or another status) (Article 50). " (17)
May 14, 2016, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"The country has no military forces. Civilian authorities maintained effective control over the 13 agencies that have law enforcement components, including the judicial branch’s Judicial Investigative Organization" (4).
May 1, 2016, 12:42 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-LAW-1

“The US lifted its ban on women in combat roles” (1)
April 8, 2016, 2:29 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: GP-DATA-6, ASR-DATA-1, EWCMS-LAW-1

"According to the Iranian Law, women are not allowed to hold certain jobs such as presidency, judgeship and working in the armed forces, and the number of jobs women are allowed to hold is decreasing by day with new bans being announced frequently" (2).
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Since the submission of Israel’s previous report, the State Comptroller, in his yearly report for 2006, has addressed several related issues. One such issue is Female service in the Israeli Defense Force (IDF), allowing women to make the best of their military service, in which the Comptroller found that the IDF took significant steps to amend faults he found in his 2001 inspection. The State Comptroller found that proper procedures were implemented for opening military professions for women. Also, physiological research was carried out in order to examine women’s capabilities to serve in technological and combat positions, and women were integrated according to these researches" (17). "The Defense Service (Determination ...more
March 17, 2016, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"On the other hand, whenever staffing is necessary, women can apply to serve in the army, at their will, as professionals for occupational purposes. A number of them serve in combat units" (4)
March 17, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Yes women are allowed by law to serve in military. Yes, including in the police Section 15 of the Magna Carta of Women provides for the elimination of 'discrimination of women in the military, police and other similar services. It also provides for the revision or abolition of policies and practices that restrict women from availing of both combat and noncombat training that are open to men, or from taking on functions other than administrative tasks, such as engaging in combat, security related or field operations.' It further states that, 'Women in the military shall be accorded the same promotional privileges and opportunities as men, including pay increases, additional remunerations ...more
March 3, 2016, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"In Gabon, female civil servants are entitled to all benefits provided under the regulations governing the civil service and Government servants: salaries, family allowances, school allowance, and care in public health facilities in the event of illness affecting them, their children or their spouses" (32)
March 1, 2016, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Since the beginning of the Russian intervention and aggression at the eastern border of Ukraine in spring 2014, women have actively involved in Anti Terrorist Operation (ATO). They are troopers, volunteers helping the army, military doctors, and volunteers helping internally displaced persons. These women are of different age, social status and profession: professional troopers, students, business women, activists, house wives, etc." (1) "The question of releasing the imprisoned Ukrainian helicopter pilot Nadia Savchenko is discussed on the global level. Being a professional servicewoman, a member of one of the voluntary battalions, she was captivated, later handed over to Russia and is imprisioned in Russian Federation. Since 13th of December 2014 ...more
Feb. 18, 2016, 4:31 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"The amendment, by Act No. 82-17 of 23 July 1982, of Act No. 70-23 of 6 June 1970 on the organization of national defence has enabled women to gain access to employment in the Armed Forces. The recruitment of women to the Armed Forces was expanded as of January 2008 when women became subject to conscription. Military service, traditionally restricted to men, was opened to women with the admission of two female cadets to the Military Medical School in 1984 (admission regulated by Decree No. 91-1173/PR/MFA). Recruitment was further broadened on 19 October 2006, when the first class of women cadet non-commissioned officers (NCOs) were admitted to the national gendarmerie ...more
Dec. 7, 2015, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1, EWCMS-LAW-2

"The Committee reiterates its concern that all high school students, including girls, must enrol for their twelfth grade at the Sawa Military Training Centre, where they undergo stringent military training and are at risk of being subjected to violence. The Committee is also concerned at reports that many girls drop out of school, become pregnant, marry or flee the country to avoid such enrolment" (9). "The Committee reiterates its concern that women and girls are recruited into national service for an indefinite period without formal pay, which amounts to forced labour" (10)
Oct. 14, 2015, 11:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Women are represented in small percentages in decision-making positions within armed and police forces. There is still no sufficient number of applicants for the military profession into professional military service of the Armed Forces of BiH [Bosnia and Herzegovina]. Out of 3,600 candidates who applied to an ad for admission into professional military service in 2008 there were 21 women and all were accepted into the Armed Forces of BiH. In 2009 there were 3,601 candidates who applied to an ad for professional military service in the Armed Forces of BiH, out of which 213 candidates were women, and this indicates at the increased interest of women for the military ...more
Sept. 23, 2015, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“The new Equal Opportunity Act for Soldiers in the Federal Armed Forces has been in effect since 1 January 2005. As a result of a change in the Legal Status of Military Personnel Act (Soldatengesetz – SG) it will now be possible for soldiers to serve part-time…The situation of women in the armed forces differs from the situation of women in the federal administration to the extent that women have only been able to pursue military careers since December 2000. The goals of the SGleiG are to provide equal opportunities for female and male soldiers, to eliminate existing discrimination on grounds of gender, to prevent its occurrence in future, and ...more
Aug. 19, 2015, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“Work is also under way in 2013 on the agenda of activities to mark the 25th anniversary of the inclusion of women in the FAS” (13) This indicates that women were included in the FAS, the Spanish armed forces, in 1988 (SJ – CODER COMMENT). “Within the armed forces, in all assessment bodies and boards of the Ministry of Defence concerned with commands, postings and promotions, the presence of women is required in proportion to the number of women among those being assessed. Fulfilment of this rule is verified through quarterly reports which the personnel commands of the Army, Air Force and Navy send to the Ministry’s Permanent Secretariat on ...more
Aug. 18, 2015, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"In MoI [Ministry of the Interior], women have the right to work in all areas, except for some heavy works or in battle situations in which men are preferred. These jobs include: commander of police of provinces, commander of military units and public order, anti-terrorism and anti-narcotics units and crime" (35). "Employment in the Afghan National Army is considered masculine and the number of women who work in ANA is very few. Nevertheless, MoD has started broad campaign to attract women to work. In 2010, 1247 women work in ANA as officers, soldiers, administrative, and servants. The process of encouraging more women to join ANA continues" (36). "Women can also ...more
Aug. 13, 2015, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

“New Zealand has withdrawn its last reservation to CEDAW following the passing of the Human Rights (Women in Armed Forces) Amendment Act in 2007. This Act removed the final barriers to employment of women in combat roles in the armed forces and violent situations in law enforcement” (8). “On 5 May 2007, the Human Rights (Women in Armed Forces) Amendment Act 2007 came into force. It amended the Human Rights Act 1993 to repeal an exemption in section 33 of the Act that allowed discrimination against women in the armed forces that prevented them from serving in combat positions. As a result, New Zealand withdrew its final reservation under the ...more
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1, EWCMS-DATA-1

"Women can participate in the military and police - there’s a quota for that. You don’t see a lot of women in the military".
May 11, 2015, 2:49 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Emirati women have a prominent, effective presence in military and police work. Women may attain up to the rank of brigadier general in the Armed Forces" (9)
May 6, 2015, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Women are in all forces of defense and security: the army, the police, the republican guard. Currently, girls are also recruited from weapons training schools"
April 28, 2015, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-2, EWCMS-LAW-1, EWCMS-DATA-2

"Countries such as Germany and Denmark, in turn, allow women to serve in any position. Apparently that’s not too popular with their male colleagues. A recent poll of male German soldiers reveals widespread concern about their female colleagues’ abilities, with 56.6 percent of the male soldiers saying women are physically unsuitable for tough frontline conditions. The same poll reports that 55 percent of female soldiers have been sexually molested on the job" (para 9)
April 28, 2015, 7:07 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"Countries such as Germany and Denmark, in turn, allow women to serve in any position" (para 9)