The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for EWCMS-LAW-5

May 25, 2016, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"Also in the same year, the NHRCK recommended comprehensive policy measures to promote the human rights of servicewomen, including measures to prevent sexual harassment and sexual violence in the military. In 2014, the human rights commission released a preventive video addressing sexual harassment in the military, and the NHRCK published and disseminated its guidelines to medical institutions for the prevention of sexual harassment during the process of medical examinations" (22).
March 17, 2016, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"The Penal Code incorporates articles related to rape/assault that are applicable to military and non military personnel, as well. The rape/assault crimes fall into civilian police jurisdiction and judged by civilian courts" (4)
March 17, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"There is no specific law addressing this case, but there is an anti-rape law and anti-violence against women and their children law which is applicable to all persons in the Philippines, including to those from the military. All anti-VAW laws cover all persons whether they are in the military or not. These laws are: 1) Republic Act (RA) 8353 or the Anti-Rape Law 2) RA 8505 or Rape Victim Assistance and Protection Act of 1998 3) RA 10398 – Nov 25 and 18 day campaign raises awareness of all forms of VAW including rape to encourage the public to report crimes. 4) RA 7877 or the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act. 5) ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

""Yes, rape is illegal within the military. There are laws to protect the victims as well, but they are not encouraged or discouraged to speak out by any laws. Reports are heavily discouraged by society. If they are reported, they can be treated as war crimes." Anna Saienko" (24)
Jan. 4, 2016, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-5

"In the meantime, any cases of rape being perpetrated by armed combatants during a declared armed conflict are potentially war crimes" (para 4).
Dec. 29, 2015, 5:34 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"In 2013, the United Nation’s special rapporteur on violence against woman stated in her final country report on India that legislative provisions like 'the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act and the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act (AFSPA) has mostly resulted in impunity for human rights violations [since] the law protects the armed forces from effective prosecution in non-military courts for human rights violations committed against civilian women among others, and it allows for the overriding of due process rights'" (para 11).
Aug. 14, 2015, 3:31 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"Decree No. 1290 (2008) on the administrative programme of individual reparations, which provides for compensatory measures for victims of crimes in the context of the Colombian armed conflict, including compensation for offences against sexual integrity and freedom of the person...The police and military forces disciplinary regimes cover all the punishable acts which in connection with all forms of violence against women are included in the Colombian Criminal Code and in international treaties ratified by the Government of Colombia. Act No. 836 (2003) was adopted and entered into force on 16 July 2003. Act No. 1015 (2006), in article 34, paragraph 18, and article 35, paragraph 2, refers to physical violence ...more
April 22, 2015, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

As far as rape in the military - in some cases, a woman in that situation just leaves the military. She might not even report the rape. It can be difficult in the workplace after complaints. Officially, however, there is zero tolerance for rape. Women in the military have to be ten times better in many cases and some of the boys can't cope with that. One of the ways to deal with inadequacy is dehumanization and abuse as a means to power. The military deals with all these cases.
Dec. 5, 2014, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-5

"Algerian women's groups have observed that as most reported cases of rape have involved mass rapes of women by armed groups, Algerian institutions have become more prepared to help women victims of this type of crime. However, state authorities have not paid the same attention to documenting or addressing the problem of rape and sexual violence within the family. Marital rape is not considered a crime" (Sec 3).
Sept. 9, 2014, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-1, EWCMS-LAW-2, EWCMS-LAW-3, EWCMS-LAW-5, EWCMS-DATA-1, EWCMS-DATA-2, EWCMS-DATA-3, EMCMS-LAW-1

"Eritrea conscripts all men and unmarried women into 'national service.' Although Eritrean law limits national service to 18 months, most conscripts serve for much of their working lives. Conscripts are routinely used as forced labor on essentially civilian jobs. In 2013, Human Rights Watch reported that conscripts were used by a state-owned construction company, Segen Construction Co., engaged by Canadian mining firm Nevsun Resources, to build infrastructure at its Bisha gold mine. Former conscripts described working long hours for minimal food rations, primitive lodging, and wages too low to sustain themselves, much less their families. They were not allowed to leave the work site. Children as young as 15 are ...more
Aug. 18, 2014, 5:37 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"On June 11, 2013 Senate Armed Service Committee Chairman Carl Levin (D-MI) removed a proposed provision challenging sexual assault in the military from the current defense spending bill. The provision, proposed by Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), transfers to military prosecutors the responsibility of selecting which reports of sexual assault will be tried. Currently, this task is designated to commanders, leaving sexual assault response firmly rooted in the chain of command" (para 1). "Levin plans to propose a replacement provision that requires all assault cases that commanders decide not to prosecute be passed on to senior military officers for assessment. This proposal, however, changes little from the current policy as it ...more
Feb. 19, 2013, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"Furthermore, the Sri Lanka government has refused to investigate claims of sexual abuse committed by members of its military. Alan Keenan of the International Crisis Group's Sri Lanka Project stated that 'many women still live in fear of violence by the state and from within their own communities'" (para 2)
Feb. 4, 2013, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

“At his January news conference, Secretary Panetta announced that for the first time service members who reported a sexual assault would be allowed to make an immediate request to transfer to a different unit. The commanding officer would then have 72 hours to decide whether to grant the request. Panetta also ordered an assessment of the training that commanding officers and senior enlisted personnel receive on sexual assault prevention and response. That report is scheduled to be completed next month” (64-66)
Jan. 9, 2013, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"The country has no military" (4)
Sept. 27, 2012, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"Domestically, implementation of the Convention has been pursued comprehensively since it was ratified in 1985. During this reporting period, the practical realisation of the principle of equality between women and men came a step closer with New Zealand lifting its remaining reservation to the Convention. In May 2007, Parliament passed the Human Rights (Women in Armed Forces) Amendment Act, thereby lifting the reservation related to the employment of women in combat roles in the armed forces and in violent situations in law enforcement" (47)
Aug. 1, 2012, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-5

"All soldiers on international duty must sign a Code of Conduct including a paragraph on Sexual Abuse and Exploitation" (366)