The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 8, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-DATA-1

"The number of women in the Lebanese armed forces has increased steadily throughout the years to reach 3,000 in 2018, between the different military branches. This year, 1,640 females graduated from basic training specialized for female volunteers and 150 of them joined the Republican Guard Brigade. A gender policy has been set by the army to integrate more women and eventually place them in the front lines alongside their male counterparts" (para. 7).
Feb. 8, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Not only has the number of women remained relatively low, their access to the senior ranks of the armed forces has been difficult, and to decisionmaking positions inconsequential. By and large, and despite a few exceptions, women have been kept in more traditional and stereotypical roles for their gender—as secretaries, translators, nurses, mapmakers, and so on" (para. 8).
Feb. 8, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"The Jordanian armed forces developed a strategy for women in the decade between 2006 and 2016. The aim was to build capacity through the recruitment and training of more women, generating broader participation and employment opportunities. As a result, women can enroll as civilian employees or as soldiers, whether as privates, officers, or non-commissioned officers. Their pay, promotions, and length of military service are equal to that of men" (para. 5). "According to a national report, female applications have exceeded the needs of Jordan’s armed forces. There are over 4,800 women in uniform—around 1,200 of them officers, as well as 2,400 servicewomen and 1,260 civilians. This represents some 3 percent...more
Feb. 8, 2019, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"In 2014, the Khawla Bint Al-Azwar Military School in the United Arab Emirates, the first of its kind in the Gulf, welcomed the first batch of female recruits for a voluntary nine-month period of military service" (para. 2).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"The government gave qualified women access to training in the armed forces and national service, where they continued to occupy primarily administrative positions" (35).
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Under Erdogan, Turkey has lifted bans on Islamic-style headscarves that barred devout women from attending university, entering the civil service and serving in the military" (para 19).
Dec. 22, 2017, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Algerian women’s struggles go back to the revolutionary war of 1954-1962. In 1956, Algerian women participated in a series of terror bomb attacks launched by a nationalist guerrilla network" (para 5).
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"I moved on to two years of untangling a quite different but equally important untold story I had come across, about an all-women special operations team recruited for Army Ranger and Navy SEAL missions in 2011" (para 14).
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Women carried a special burden on their shoulders during the republic’s two wars. Men fought on both sides...Women became the main breadwinners, took care of children, cleared away debris and repaired damaged houses"(para 12)
Sept. 9, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"While Jubouri's participation on the battlefield is striking due to the conservative nature of Iraqi society, this phenomenon is on the rise. The number of women who have joined the Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) have increased, totaling roughly 3,000 women. In this context, Fatima Sultani, a PMU trainee, told Al-Monitor that women in the PMU provide 'service, media and medical assistance,' in reference to women’s roles in the security forces being mostly limited to logistical support. A report issued on June 28, 2014, on Kurdish female peshmerga fighters who battled IS in Taza Khormato town and Bashir village, near the northern city of Kirkuk, highlights the participation of Kurdish and...more
Jan. 25, 2017, 9:47 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"'In urban warfare, you have to be able to interact with women as well. Adding female soldiers was an operational need.' And so the Jegertroppen (Hunter Troop) was born. The Hunter Troop is the world’s only all-female special-ops force" (para 3-4). "Their training [that of the all female special-ops force] is identical to that of their male counterparts with the exception of the weight they carry–their packs weigh 60 pounds instead of 88 pounds" (para 6).
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

“Defense Minister Ine Eriksen Søreide has been an active campaigner for universal military service. Now she believes the increased number of women in the military is an occasion for celebration. ‘Actually, it's sheer madness that we have excluded half the population from important tasks in defense for so long. It will be very exciting to see when the first female conscripts get to proper action,’ Søreide said" (para 5-6).
Aug. 23, 2016, 5:13 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-DATA-1

"There were also other social developments for women during the 1930s... Sabiha Gokcen-the adopted daughter of Ataturk-became Turkey’s first woman combat pilot"(para 4)
July 5, 2016, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported on Wednesday that the nine Kurdish soldiers, including three women, were captured in the fight over the northern Syrian town of Kobane, also known as Ayn Arab. The SOHR activists claimed that ISIS militants beheaded all nine captured Kurdish fighters, reported AP. The report also claimed that the militants put the heads of the women on a cement block and then took photos of it, which were then posted on social networking sites." (1, 2, 3)
May 1, 2016, 12:42 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-LAW-1

“The US lifted its ban on women in combat roles” (1)
March 17, 2016, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"There is no law which prohibits women in the military being in close combat. Nevertheless, there has not been any close combat incident in Cyprus since 1974...Women in the military are expected to perform as men in combat situations" (3)
March 3, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"The fierce-looking 36-year-old in fatigues from the Syriac Christian minority in the northeast believes she is making the future safe for her children. Babylonia has no regrets about leaving behind her two children and her job as a hairdresser to join a Christian female militia battling against the Daesh group in Syria. The fierce-looking 36-year-old in fatigues from the Syriac Christian minority in the northeast believes she is making the future safe for her children. 'I miss Limar and Gabriella and worry that they must be hungry, thirsty and cold. But I try to tell them I'm fighting to protect their future,' she told AFP. Babylonia belongs to a small,...more
March 1, 2016, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Since the beginning of the Russian intervention and aggression at the eastern border of Ukraine in spring 2014, women have actively involved in Anti Terrorist Operation (ATO). They are troopers, volunteers helping the army, military doctors, and volunteers helping internally displaced persons. These women are of different age, social status and profession: professional troopers, students, business women, activists, house wives, etc. One of these women - Maria Berlinska, a student of Kyiv Mogyla Academy, who taught self-defense during the Maidan. Later she was involved in transporting of the wounded and creating the unified data base of suffered. In summer 2014 she voluntary went to the front, graduated from the courses...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

""Women in Ukraine are legally allowed to be in combat, and while the number of women serving in the military is still small, it continues to grow. There are many women currently serving in the East of Ukraine, in the center of the conflict." Alyona Zubchenko" (22)
Sept. 2, 2015, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Algeria has appointed three women army Generals, therefore becoming the Arab country with the biggest number of high ranking female army commanders, Al Arabiya News Channel reported on Tuesday.The nomination of the three generals, whose names were not revealed, come as part of a move seen as a sign of the liberalization of Algeria’s closed military organization.A fourth general was appointed by the Algerian President Abdel Aziz Bouteflika in Nov. 2010 as the first general of the Armée Nationale Populaire (ANP) or People’s National Army (para 1-3)
April 28, 2015, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Last month, the US Army Rangers conducted their first pre-training course open to women. Five female and 21 male soldiers successfully completed the infamously gruelling course, where participants run an obstacle course, march two miles carrying heavy gear, run a two-mile course with their equipment and engage in underwater combat. The United States’ new Secretary of Defence, Ashton Carter, supports opening all military positions to women" (para 9)
April 28, 2015, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Since the beginning of this year, Commander Per-Thomas Bøe of the Norwegian Armed Forces has been working an exceptionally hectic schedule, sending out conscription letters not just to the usual 32,000-odd 17-year-old boys but to their female contemporaries as well. And Bøe has to get ready for the girls’ arrival in the summer of 2016 too, which means installing more female showers and toilets around the country’s military installations and figuring out exactly how they’ll fit into a centuries-old male bastion. That’s because what he’s doing is a first for Norway, and indeed for both Europe and NATO: female conscription" (para 1). "Among the other preparations: equipping the armed forces...more
April 22, 2015, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

Women have been allowed in the military since 1995. They can do all the same things as men. Finland just had its first woman in a specialized military diving unit. However, some specialized units have strenuous physical requirements that can be hard for any one to pass - these can be especially difficult for women who have a harder time passing the training.
April 16, 2015, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

Women serve in the military, and they serve in active combat. The army has its own military police.
April 10, 2015, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

There are women in the military. The Ministry of Defense is doing a lot in terms of women’s issues. There are huge campaigns to get women into the military. Women can serve in combat roles.
Dec. 21, 2014, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"The NAP also pledges meaningful inclusion of women in negotiations with the Taliban, where they will safeguard the rights Afghan women have worked so hard to gain in the last decade. It suggests specific actions to strengthen the mediation and negotiations role women have played, particularly as members of the Provincial Peace Councils. Over the last couple of years, scores of women have directly engaged with various insurgent groups to facilitate reintegration and reconciliation processes. On several occasions, women have even been able to negotiate the release of hostages by first building bridges to the 'wives of the Talibs.' The NAP will strengthen women’s roles in grievance resolution and more...more
Oct. 7, 2014, 11:05 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Kurdish women have fought alongside men for years in the PKK, its Syrian offshoot the People's Protection Units (YPG), and to a lesser extent, the Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga forces" (para 7)
Oct. 7, 2014, 11:03 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"MAKHMUR, Iraq: Tekoshin stands on a mountain in north Iraq with a rifle slung over her shoulder and a grenade tucked into her belt, facing jihadists in 'a struggle to liberate women.' Women have been fighting alongside men in the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) to wrest Mount Makhmur in northern Iraq back from Islamic State (IS) militants, whose treatment of women makes the fight especially personal for the dozens of female fighters on the mountain" (para 1-2). "Some 50 women are among the fighters on the mountain from the PKK, which launched an insurgency for self-rule in Turkey in 1984 and has been listed as a terrorist group by countries...more
Sept. 19, 2014, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-1, EWCMS-LAW-3, EWCMS-DATA-2, EWCMS-DATA-3

"In January 2013, the Department of Defense lifted a longstanding ban on women serving in direct combat roles. Military women and men continue to face high levels of sexual violence. The government estimates that 26,000 sexual assaults took place in the military in 2012, and Defense Department data suggests that 62 percent of those who report such assaults experience retaliation" (3).
Sept. 10, 2014, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"The Israel Defense Forces Artillery Corps has opened its elite units to female soldiers for the first time. Six women from last August's draft class passed the physical aptitude tests that allow them to join the elite Moran, Meitar and Skyrider units, part of the Artillery Corps' David's Sling Formation. The women headed for these units must commit to three years of military service, the same term that men serve, as opposed to the two-year term normally required of women. They were drafted two weeks before their male counterparts and given special training to prepare them for the physical aptitude tests. According to Artillery Corps base commander Col. Yuval Ben-Dov,...more