The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 9, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"While Jubouri's participation on the battlefield is striking due to the conservative nature of Iraqi society, this phenomenon is on the rise. The number of women who have joined the Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) have increased, totaling roughly 3,000 women. In this context, Fatima Sultani, a PMU trainee, told Al-Monitor that women in the PMU provide 'service, media and medical assistance,' in reference to women’s roles in the security forces being mostly limited to logistical support. A report issued on June 28, 2014, on Kurdish female peshmerga fighters who battled IS in Taza Khormato town and Bashir village, near the northern city of Kirkuk, highlights the participation of Kurdish and ...more
Jan. 25, 2017, 9:47 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"'In urban warfare, you have to be able to interact with women as well. Adding female soldiers was an operational need.' And so the Jegertroppen (Hunter Troop) was born. The Hunter Troop is the world’s only all-female special-ops force" (para 3-4). "Their training [that of the all female special-ops force] is identical to that of their male counterparts with the exception of the weight they carry–their packs weigh 60 pounds instead of 88 pounds" (para 6).
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

“Defense Minister Ine Eriksen Søreide has been an active campaigner for universal military service. Now she believes the increased number of women in the military is an occasion for celebration. ‘Actually, it's sheer madness that we have excluded half the population from important tasks in defense for so long. It will be very exciting to see when the first female conscripts get to proper action,’ Søreide said" (para 5-6).
Aug. 23, 2016, 5:13 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-DATA-1

"There were also other social developments for women during the 1930s... Sabiha Gokcen-the adopted daughter of Ataturk-became Turkey’s first woman combat pilot"(para 4)
July 5, 2016, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported on Wednesday that the nine Kurdish soldiers, including three women, were captured in the fight over the northern Syrian town of Kobane, also known as Ayn Arab. The SOHR activists claimed that ISIS militants beheaded all nine captured Kurdish fighters, reported AP. The report also claimed that the militants put the heads of the women on a cement block and then took photos of it, which were then posted on social networking sites." (1, 2, 3)
May 1, 2016, 12:42 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-LAW-1

“The US lifted its ban on women in combat roles” (1)
March 17, 2016, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"There is no law which prohibits women in the military being in close combat. Nevertheless, there has not been any close combat incident in Cyprus since 1974...Women in the military are expected to perform as men in combat situations" (3)
March 3, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"The fierce-looking 36-year-old in fatigues from the Syriac Christian minority in the northeast believes she is making the future safe for her children. Babylonia has no regrets about leaving behind her two children and her job as a hairdresser to join a Christian female militia battling against the Daesh group in Syria. The fierce-looking 36-year-old in fatigues from the Syriac Christian minority in the northeast believes she is making the future safe for her children. 'I miss Limar and Gabriella and worry that they must be hungry, thirsty and cold. But I try to tell them I'm fighting to protect their future,' she told AFP. Babylonia belongs to a small, ...more
March 1, 2016, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Since the beginning of the Russian intervention and aggression at the eastern border of Ukraine in spring 2014, women have actively involved in Anti Terrorist Operation (ATO). They are troopers, volunteers helping the army, military doctors, and volunteers helping internally displaced persons. These women are of different age, social status and profession: professional troopers, students, business women, activists, house wives, etc. One of these women - Maria Berlinska, a student of Kyiv Mogyla Academy, who taught self-defense during the Maidan. Later she was involved in transporting of the wounded and creating the unified data base of suffered. In summer 2014 she voluntary went to the front, graduated from the courses ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

""Women in Ukraine are legally allowed to be in combat, and while the number of women serving in the military is still small, it continues to grow. There are many women currently serving in the East of Ukraine, in the center of the conflict." Alyona Zubchenko" (22)
Sept. 2, 2015, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Algeria has appointed three women army Generals, therefore becoming the Arab country with the biggest number of high ranking female army commanders, Al Arabiya News Channel reported on Tuesday.The nomination of the three generals, whose names were not revealed, come as part of a move seen as a sign of the liberalization of Algeria’s closed military organization.A fourth general was appointed by the Algerian President Abdel Aziz Bouteflika in Nov. 2010 as the first general of the Armée Nationale Populaire (ANP) or People’s National Army (para 1-3)
April 28, 2015, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Last month, the US Army Rangers conducted their first pre-training course open to women. Five female and 21 male soldiers successfully completed the infamously gruelling course, where participants run an obstacle course, march two miles carrying heavy gear, run a two-mile course with their equipment and engage in underwater combat. The United States’ new Secretary of Defence, Ashton Carter, supports opening all military positions to women" (para 9)
April 28, 2015, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Since the beginning of this year, Commander Per-Thomas Bøe of the Norwegian Armed Forces has been working an exceptionally hectic schedule, sending out conscription letters not just to the usual 32,000-odd 17-year-old boys but to their female contemporaries as well. And Bøe has to get ready for the girls’ arrival in the summer of 2016 too, which means installing more female showers and toilets around the country’s military installations and figuring out exactly how they’ll fit into a centuries-old male bastion. That’s because what he’s doing is a first for Norway, and indeed for both Europe and NATO: female conscription" (para 1). "Among the other preparations: equipping the armed forces ...more
April 22, 2015, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

Women have been allowed in the military since 1995. They can do all the same things as men. Finland just had its first woman in a specialized military diving unit. However, some specialized units have strenuous physical requirements that can be hard for any one to pass - these can be especially difficult for women who have a harder time passing the training.
April 16, 2015, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

Women serve in the military, and they serve in active combat. The army has its own military police.
April 10, 2015, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

There are women in the military. The Ministry of Defense is doing a lot in terms of women’s issues. There are huge campaigns to get women into the military. Women can serve in combat roles.
Dec. 21, 2014, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"The NAP also pledges meaningful inclusion of women in negotiations with the Taliban, where they will safeguard the rights Afghan women have worked so hard to gain in the last decade. It suggests specific actions to strengthen the mediation and negotiations role women have played, particularly as members of the Provincial Peace Councils. Over the last couple of years, scores of women have directly engaged with various insurgent groups to facilitate reintegration and reconciliation processes. On several occasions, women have even been able to negotiate the release of hostages by first building bridges to the 'wives of the Talibs.' The NAP will strengthen women’s roles in grievance resolution and more ...more
Oct. 7, 2014, 11:05 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Kurdish women have fought alongside men for years in the PKK, its Syrian offshoot the People's Protection Units (YPG), and to a lesser extent, the Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga forces" (para 7)
Oct. 7, 2014, 11:03 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"MAKHMUR, Iraq: Tekoshin stands on a mountain in north Iraq with a rifle slung over her shoulder and a grenade tucked into her belt, facing jihadists in 'a struggle to liberate women.' Women have been fighting alongside men in the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) to wrest Mount Makhmur in northern Iraq back from Islamic State (IS) militants, whose treatment of women makes the fight especially personal for the dozens of female fighters on the mountain" (para 1-2). "Some 50 women are among the fighters on the mountain from the PKK, which launched an insurgency for self-rule in Turkey in 1984 and has been listed as a terrorist group by countries ...more
Sept. 19, 2014, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-1, EWCMS-LAW-3, EWCMS-DATA-2, EWCMS-DATA-3

"In January 2013, the Department of Defense lifted a longstanding ban on women serving in direct combat roles. Military women and men continue to face high levels of sexual violence. The government estimates that 26,000 sexual assaults took place in the military in 2012, and Defense Department data suggests that 62 percent of those who report such assaults experience retaliation" (3).
Sept. 10, 2014, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"The Israel Defense Forces Artillery Corps has opened its elite units to female soldiers for the first time. Six women from last August's draft class passed the physical aptitude tests that allow them to join the elite Moran, Meitar and Skyrider units, part of the Artillery Corps' David's Sling Formation. The women headed for these units must commit to three years of military service, the same term that men serve, as opposed to the two-year term normally required of women. They were drafted two weeks before their male counterparts and given special training to prepare them for the physical aptitude tests. According to Artillery Corps base commander Col. Yuval Ben-Dov, ...more
Sept. 5, 2014, 3:57 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Women in north Nigeria's largest city Kano are abandoning their traditional religious dress after a spate of suicide bombings by young girls with explosives under their hijab. The commercial city was hit last month by four separate attacks involving teenaged girls in the Muslim dress, leaving at least nine people dead and scores more injured. Although no one has claimed responsibility for the bombings, fingers have been pointed at Boko Haram, the Islamist militants blamed for a string of attacks on the city" (para. 1-3)
Sept. 4, 2014, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"As Joe Parkinson reported: Syrian commanders say the security and quality of life is improving as their guerrilla forces expand rapidly, propelled by thousands of young volunteers. Recruitment is boosted by the deployment of women soldiers on the front line, often in all-female units" (para. 5-6).
Sept. 4, 2014, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Last week, we mentioned the growing role of the PKK, the Kurdish Workers' Party, in the fighting. Despite being designated a terrorist group by the United States for waging a decades-long battle against Turkey, the group has become a formidable opponent in the battle against ISIS. Helping to lead the way have been female guerrillas who enlisted in the battle to fighting alongside the Kurdish Peshmerga" (para. 5).
Sept. 4, 2014, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Last week, we mentioned the growing role of the PKK, the Kurdish Workers' Party, in the fighting. Despite being designated a terrorist group by the United States for waging a decades-long battle against Turkey, the group has become a formidable opponent in the battle against ISIS. Helping to lead the way have been female guerrillas who enlisted in the battle to fighting alongside the Kurdish Peshmerga" (para. 5).
Sept. 4, 2014, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Last week, we mentioned the growing role of the PKK, the Kurdish Workers' Party, in the fighting. Despite being designated a terrorist group by the United States for waging a decades-long battle against Turkey, the group has become a formidable opponent in the battle against ISIS. Helping to lead the way have been female guerrillas who enlisted in the battle to fighting alongside the Kurdish Peshmerga" (para. 5).
Sept. 4, 2014, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Last week, we mentioned the growing role of the PKK, the Kurdish Workers' Party, in the fighting. Despite being designated a terrorist group by the United States for waging a decades-long battle against Turkey, the group has become a formidable opponent in the battle against ISIS. Helping to lead the way have been female guerrillas who enlisted in the battle to fighting alongside the Kurdish Peshmerga" (para. 5).
Aug. 6, 2014, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Baraan and her five female municipal police colleagues aren’t alone in combining security roles with a determination to be agents of change. Kurdish women—in large numbers—are fighting to protect Syria’s Kurdistan. They are on the frontlines, maintaining law and order and guarding checkpoints and strategic buildings from jihadists and radical Islamists. No other ethnic or religious group in Syria’s brutal two-and-half year civil war has fielded so many female fighters, analysts say. Twenty percent of the Kurdish warriors grouped together in the People’s Protection Units, or YPG, are women. A couple of miles from Qamishli’s downtown Souk district where Baraan’s unit is based...is the headquarters of a 50-strong female detachment ...more
Dec. 23, 2013, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Traditionally all religious women could declare they refused military service on religious and conscientious grounds. Religious men did not have this privilege but could ask for a postponement of military service as long as they were studying in a yeshiva. Israel now has a huge number of yeshiva students and the question of the non-military service of the Ultra Orthodox has become a major political debate in Israel"
Nov. 20, 2013, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Brazil, Colombia, Peru
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1

"Women have participated in Latin America’s leftist insurgencies for decades. Brazil’s president, Dilma Rousseff, was brutally tortured by the police in the 1970s due to her involvement as an urban guerrilla. Within Sendero Luminoso, which controlled swaths of Peru’s countryside until the 1990s, some 40% of combatants were women, as well as half of its central leadership. An estimated 30 to 40% of the 8,000 FARC rebels are women, with some in positions of command"