The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

June 13, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"[Liz Luras’s] date to the Marine Corps ball raped her, and her ‘battle buddy,’ a partner assigned by the military, reported the assault to superiors. The rape set off a series of events – including physical hazing, sexual harassment and two more rapes – that led ultimately to Liz being forced out of the military career she loved. Despite being honorably discharged, she was unfairly labeled as having a ‘Personality Disorder’ or PD in her discharge papers – although she was never diagnosed by a doctor and showed no signs of PD in her pre-army screening. Because of this black mark on her record, when she applied for law enforcement ...more
June 13, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Based on more than 270 interviews, documents from US government agencies in response to public record requests, and data analysis, a new Human Rights Watch report illuminates the impact of ‘bad discharges’ on military personnel who left or were forced out of the military after reporting a sexual assault. In response to public pressure the military has taken some steps in recent years to improve how it handles sexual assault cases. But almost nothing has been done to reverse the harm to veterans who reported sexual assault in the past" (p 9)
June 13, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"As part of Service Women’s Action Network (SWAN), [Liz Luras] marched on Capitol Hill, and spoke in front of Congress about rape in the military in 2012 and in 2013" (p 29). Liz Luras was raped while she worked in the military and was harrassed, raped twice more and silenced because she reported it (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
June 13, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"10. After Liz [Luras]’s battle buddy reported her rape, Liz was taken to a hospital….[then she returned and] the harassment began...13. At night, a drill sergeant would come into her room while she was sleeping and stand over her bed to intimidate her. He made comments about her breasts. 14. Liz told her father about the harassment. He called their congressman, who contacted Liz’s supervisor. The supervisor called Liz into his office and ordered her to tell the congressman nothing was wrong. Half a dozen drill sergeants and the command sergeant major stood in a semi-circle around her as she told the congressman over the phone that everything was fine. ...more
May 23, 2017, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Since September [2015], the armed forces have court-martialed or filed sexual-assault charges against four colonels from the Air Force, Army and Marines. In addition, a Navy captain was found guilty of abusive sexual contact during an administrative hearing. Historically, it has been extremely rare for senior military officers to face courts-martial. Leaders suspected of wrongdoing are usually dealt with behind the scenes, with offenders receiving private reprimands or removal from command with a minimum of public explanation" (p 2-3)
May 23, 2017, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"The unofficial taboo against putting senior leaders on trial in sex-abuse cases was shattered three years ago [as of 2016] when the Army prosecuted Brig. Gen. Jeffrey Sinclair on charges of forcible sodomy, adultery and other offenses. It was only the third time in 60 years that the Army had court-martialed a general for any type of offense. Prosecutors ended up dropping most of the charges and cutting a plea deal that spared Sinclair jail time. But the spectacle of a general sitting in the dock as witnesses testified about his volatile affair with a junior officer captivated the military. Since then, the Defense Department has tried to reassure lawmakers, ...more
May 23, 2017, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Under the military justice system, senior officers are responsible for deciding whether individuals under their command should be prosecuted. Some lawmakers and advocacy groups are pushing to strip commanders of that power and to give it instead to uniformed prosecutors. The Pentagon has resisted such proposals, saying they would undermine command authority. When senior officers themselves are charged with sexual assault, it ‘makes it appear as if the fox was guarding the henhouse,’ said Christensen, the president of Protect Our Defenders, which has lobbied Congress to change the law" (p 39-41)
May 23, 2017, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"In an interview, the woman [who filed a lawsuit against Col. T. Shane Tomko, the former commander of its Wounded Warrior Regiment in Quantico, Va. for sexual harrassment] said she dismissed the lawsuit because her discrimination complaint was subsequently upheld. (The Post has a policy of not identifying victims of sexual abuse.) She also said that Tomko had been disciplined — but not charged criminally — by the Marines last year for sexually assaulting her in London, as well as for a separate incident involving another female civilian working for the Wounded Warrior Regiment. The Marines, she added, were slow to pursue her complaint against Tomko and dragged the case ...more
May 23, 2017, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"During the federal fiscal year that ended Sept. 30 [2015], 116 officers of all stripes were court-martialed, discharged or received some sort of punishment after they were criminally investigated for sexual assault. That was more than double the number from three years earlier, according to Defense Department figures...‘We’ve made it abundantly clear that this is not tolerable,’ said Nathan Galbreath, senior executive adviser for the Pentagon’s Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office. ‘The numbers suggest that people are reporting when they see the officers appointed above [committing a crime], and they really do expect that their bosses walk the walk and talk the talk’" (p 6, 15)more
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"The dearth of other recreational opportunities may be a factor [for widespread and prevalent sex trafficking and prostitution]. But at issue are also the broader American military culture, and the sexism and patriarchy found in the United States, Korea and much of the world. The behavior of men who take advantage of exploitative sex industries is often excused as a matter of ‘boys will be boys’—as merely natural behavior for male soldiers. In fact, there’s little about the behavior that’s natural. Men on military bases and women in camptowns find themselves in a highly unnatural situation, one that’s been created by a series of decisions made over time (mostly by ...more
Feb. 3, 2017, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"The standing orders of the FARC, which had large numbers of female combatants, prohibited pregnancies among its troops, and there were numerous credible reports of compulsory abortions" (21). "The Ministry of Defense continued implementing its protocol for managing cases of sexual violence and harassment involving members of the military" (39).
April 29, 2016, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Reports indicate male and female recruits at Sawa are beaten, and female recruits sexually abused and raped" (152). Sawa is a military educational camp (ORR-CODER COMMENT)
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Also in his 2006 report, the State Comptroller addressed the issue of Handling of sexual harassment complaints by the IDF. The State Comptroller opined that in a large number of cases, the handling of sexual harassment complaints by the Investigative Military Police, IDF Advocate General’s office and Military Courts was taking longer than the 45 days set by the Military Police as the proper amount of time to handle these cases. The State Comptroller indicated additional flaws including cases that were heard by officers who were unauthorized to reside in sexual harassment cases, some flaws regarding judicial procedure etc." (17).
March 17, 2016, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"The level of military discipline, the organization and structure of the force and the reporting system, facilitates the disclosure of such incidents" (4)
March 17, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Are women involved as fighters or authority figures (e.g. Negotiators) with subnational groups such as guerrilla groups or rebel groups? Describe their involvement and roles. Yes” (7)
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

""The rape and/or assault within the military is not encouraged, but would be discouraged by society. However, it does still occur, and victims of any type of violence in Ukraine are often discouraged from reporting it. As a result, victims internalize it across the country, and they become passive about it and accept it. Corruption within law enforcement, military and the government may try to cover up these incidents. The media may use this as propaganda, or try to cover it up; whatever seems to benefit the most. There are no practices that encourage victims to report, but many non-profits and NGO's try to raise awareness among victims of sexual ...more
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"17) The departments of national defence, the police and the paramilitary corps were lobbied, resulting in a statement that gender-based violence would be incorporated in training and staff development programmes;" (7)
Jan. 4, 2016, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-5

"In the meantime, any cases of rape being perpetrated by armed combatants during a declared armed conflict are potentially war crimes" (para 4).
Dec. 29, 2015, 5:34 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"...with the result that not only armed forces but officials in any capacity feel at liberty to exploit women’s rights and freedoms, often in the form of sexual transgressions" (para 13).
Dec. 7, 2015, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the negative impact of the indefinite period of national service on women’s rights and at the insufficient measures taken by the State party to remedy the situation. It is particularly concerned about:...(b) Reports that women performing national service are frequently victims of sexual violence, including rape, committed by officers and male recruits and that women who refuse sexual advances are often severely punished" (2). "The Committee...remains particularly concerned... (c) That alleged perpetrators of sexual violence against women in the context of national service are rarely prosecuted" (6)
Aug. 19, 2015, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

“Within the area of defence, measures have been approved that favour the status of women in the Spanish Armed Forces (hereinafter FAS). The LOIE establishes specific precepts for the FAS that require the application of the principle of equality with regard to access, training, promotion, stationing and administrative status, as well as that these precepts be applied to military personnel with regard to equality, prevention of gender violence, and reconciliation of personal, family and working life (see annex III.4). The Ministry of Defence also has at its disposal the Military Observatory for equality, a body tasked with ensuring that real and effective equality between women and men in the armed ...more
Aug. 12, 2015, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Iraqi women were exposed to many levels of intimidation between 2003 and 2010, the most significant of which are: The presence of women within the sphere of armed operations resulting in violence against them, either by being targeted directly or by the targeting of family members, causing women to be constantly afraid" (6)
July 31, 2015, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Iraqi women were exposed to many levels of intimidation between 2003 and 2010, the most significant of which are: The presence of women within the sphere of armed operations resulting in violence against them, either by being targeted directly or by the targeting of family members, causing women to be constantly afraid" (6)
July 28, 2015, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Directives and guidelines are issued periodically by Central Government for effective implementation of laws relating to violence against women and to ensure better protection to women and to prevent incidence of crimes against them. Vide F. No.15011/48/2009-SC/ST-W dated 4 September 2009, a comprehensive advisory on measures relating to crimes against women was issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs in consultation with MWCD. The Advisory emphasized on enforcement of existing legal provisions on crimes against women and children, a proactive role for law enforcement agencies in detection and investigation of crimes, gender sensitization and awareness-building through trainings, legal literacy camps, greater media and community involvement, speedy investigation, providing rehabilitation, and ...more
April 24, 2015, 9:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"If there is rape in the military, it is hard to know" (para 13)
April 22, 2015, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

As far as rape in the military - in some cases, a woman in that situation just leaves the military. She might not even report the rape. It can be difficult in the workplace after complaints. Officially, however, there is zero tolerance for rape. Women in the military have to be ten times better in many cases and some of the boys can't cope with that. One of the ways to deal with inadequacy is dehumanization and abuse as a means to power. The military deals with all these cases.
Dec. 30, 2014, 11:25 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"Within the armed groups, sexuality and sexual relations are tightly controlled, but male combatants tend to have more liberties (such as the right to have civilian girlfriends in the FARC [Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia]) and are less likely to be punished for transgressions (both in the FARC and the AUC [Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia])" (11)
Dec. 5, 2014, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-5

"Algerian women's groups have observed that as most reported cases of rape have involved mass rapes of women by armed groups, Algerian institutions have become more prepared to help women victims of this type of crime. However, state authorities have not paid the same attention to documenting or addressing the problem of rape and sexual violence within the family. Marital rape is not considered a crime" (Sec 3).
Dec. 3, 2014, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"The case was filed at the African Commission in September 2012 on behalf of Samira Ibrahim and Rasha Abdel-Rahman, two of seventeen female protesters detained after participating in a protest that was forcibly dispersed by the armed forces on 9 March 2011. All seventeen female detainees were subjected to different forms of assault. Together with five other detainees, Samira and Rasha were subjected to a forced genital examination to determine their virginity. Members of the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) had countered that “virginity tests” were aimed at protecting soldiers from allegations of rape" (para. 2). This incident indicates that sexual assault of military detainees is a permissible action ...more
Sept. 19, 2014, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-1, EWCMS-LAW-3, EWCMS-DATA-2, EWCMS-DATA-3

"In January 2013, the Department of Defense lifted a longstanding ban on women serving in direct combat roles. Military women and men continue to face high levels of sexual violence. The government estimates that 26,000 sexual assaults took place in the military in 2012, and Defense Department data suggests that 62 percent of those who report such assaults experience retaliation" (3).