The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Women carried a special burden on their shoulders during the republic’s two wars. Men fought on both sides...Women became the main breadwinners, took care of children, cleared away debris and repaired damaged houses"(para 12)."Since 2000, Russia has been hit by 82 suicide bombing attacks involving 125 suicide bombers, at least 52 of whom were women. I know of several families in Dagestan whose young women adopted radical strands of Islam and then converted their siblings and even their fathers. One by one their family members joined the insurgency in Russia and were killed, or are now members of the so-called Islamic State (IS)"(para 19)
Sept. 18, 2017, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Russia, Sri Lanka
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Female suicide bombers have been a trademark of extremists for decades. In the Chechnya conflict, they were nicknamed black widows. In Sri Lanka, they fought with the Tamil Tigers" (para 26).
Sept. 18, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Boko Haram, one of the world’s deadliest extremist groups, has used at least 105 women and girls in suicide attacks since June 2014, when a woman set off a bomb at an army barracks in Nigeria, according to The Long War Journal, which tracks terrorist activity" (para 5). "Boko Haram often sends male fighters to set upon mosques. But last month, a woman dressed as a man set off her explosives during morning prayers in a village in northeastern Nigeria. Another woman was waiting outside the mosque, and as people fled the first blast, she detonated her own explosives as well. In all, at least 24 people were killed" (para ...more
Sept. 18, 2017, 3:36 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Boko Haram, one of the world’s deadliest extremist groups, has used at least 105 women and girls in suicide attacks since June 2014, when a woman set off a bomb at an army barracks in Nigeria, according to The Long War Journal, which tracks terrorist activity" (para 5). "'This isn’t something you can defeat or eradicate outright,' said Issa Tchiroma Bakary, the minister of communications in Cameroon, where 22 female suicide bombers have been identified since the start of this year" (para 7). "In Cameroon, many of the recent bombings have been carried out by girls in their early teens, leaving officials and analysts to wonder whether the girls were ...more
Nov. 18, 2016, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"On Saturday, a suicide bomber, a young girl, killed at least seven people in nearby Damaturu, and officials said the insurgents had recaptured the town of Marte.The attack on Maiduguri was at least the third such attack on the state capital this year"(para 21-22)."Meriam, 36, who had just arrived at the camp in Maiduguri from Gwoza, a Boko Haram headquarters town, spoke of being imprisoned with dozens of other women, including some who were being trained as suicide bombers.Increasingly over the past year, the terrorists have used women and children to carry out suicide bombings against civilian targets like markets.'The Boko Haram would recite the prayer for the dead,' Meriam ...more
Aug. 18, 2016, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Umm Khattab also relates how she traveled to Syria via Turkey and the difficulties she faced when trying to cross the border to join IS"(para 3)."While trying to reach Syria, however, the three women [at least one of whom is British] were detained by the Turkish authorities, who suspected they were with IS. The Turkish authorities did not believe the women when they said they were aid workers seeking to go to Syria and remanded them in custody, seeking to deport them. However, in an interesting twist, Umm Khatab says that IS intervened to help get the three women released"(para 10-11)
Aug. 18, 2016, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Umm Khattab also relates how she traveled to Syria via Turkey and the difficulties she faced when trying to cross the border to join IS"(para 3)."The diary offers insights into how and why Western women are going to join IS in Syria and Iraq; the extremist Sunni group’s attitudes toward women's roles; and how women are taught to react when their husbands or male acquaintances are killed in the fighting.Umm Khattab's description of her husband's death is almost matter-of-fact. She writes that on October 28, another woman, who is also with IS, came to visit her and told her that her husband had been killed in IS's offensive against Kurdish ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"At least 40 women have left Germany to join Isis in Syria and Iraq in what appears to be a growing trend of teenagers becoming radicalised and travelling to the Middle East without their parents’ permission.'The youngest was 13-years-old,' Hans-Georg Maassen, president of the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, told the Rheinische Post. 'Four underage women left with a romantic idea of jihad marriage and married young male fighters who they had got to know via the internet'"(para 7-8)
March 31, 2016, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Girls as young as 14 or 15 are travelling mainly to Syria to marry jihadis, bear their children and join communities of fighters, with a small number taking up arms.Many are recruited via social media.Women and girls appear to make up about 10% of those leaving Europe, North America and Australia to link up with jihadi groups, including Islamic State (Isis). France has the highest number of female jihadi recruits, with 63 in the region – about 25% of the total – and at least another 60 believed to be considering the move.In most cases, women and girls appear to have left home to marry jihadis, drawn to the idea ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"'At least 40 women have left Germany to join Isis in Syria and Iraq in what appears to be a growing trend of teenagers becoming radicalised and travelling to the Middle East without their parents’ permission. The youngest was 13-years-old,' Hans-Georg Maassen, president of the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, told the Rheinische Post. 'Four underage women left with a romantic idea of jihad marriage and married young male fighters who they had got to know via the internet'"(para 7-8)."In October 2013, Sarah O, 15, did not come home from school in Konstanz, southern Germany. Her father reported her missing two days later. Soon after, she posted ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"In Austria, the case of two teenage friends, Samra Kesinovic, 16, and Sabina Selimovic, 15, who ran away from their homes in Vienna to join jihadis in Syria, may be 'only the tip of the iceberg', said Heinz Gärtner, director of the Austrian Institute for International Politics. An estimated 14 women and girls are known to have left Austria to fight in the Middle East, according to the interior ministry"(para 9)."Samra Kesinovic, 16, and her friend Sabina Selimovic, 15 – have become symbols of Austria’s concern about young people being radicalised and going to fight in Syria.The girls, whose families came to Austria from Bosnia, ran away from their Vienna ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"In October 2013, Sarah O [who is half German, half Algerian], 15, did not come home from school in Konstanz, southern Germany. Her father reported her missing two days later. Soon after, she posted pictures of herself on various social-media sites holding a machine gun, wearing a burqa and black gloves. She said she was being trained to use the gun, and that her day consisted of 'Sleeping, eating, shooting, learning, listening to lectures.' She also wrote: 'By the way, I’ve joined al-Qaida'"(para 67)
March 31, 2016, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Women and girls appear to make up about 10% of those leaving Europe, North America and Australia to link up with jihadi groups, including Islamic State (Isis).France has the highest number of female jihadi recruit"(para 3)
March 31, 2016, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Counter-terrorism experts in the UK believe about 50 British girls and women have joined Isis, about a tenth of those known to have travelled to Syria to fight"(para 6)."Some British women and girls have posted pictures of themselves carrying AK-47s, grenades and in one case a severed head, as they pledge allegiance to Isis. But they are also tweeting pictures of food, restaurants and sunsets to present a positive picture of the life awaiting young women in an attempt to lure more from the UK"(para 17)."Aqsa Mahmood – also known as Umm Layth – left Glasgow for Syria last November and has married an Isis fighter. She is a prolific ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Girls as young as 14 or 15 are travelling mainly to Syria to marry jihadis, bear their children and join communities of fighters, with a small number taking up arms. Many are recruited via social media. Women and girls appear to make up about 10% of those leaving Europe, North America and Australia to link up with jihadi groups, including Islamic State (Isis).France has the highest number of female jihadi recruits, with 63 in the region – about 25% of the total – and at least another 60 believed to be considering the move(para 2-3)."Five people, including a sister and brother, were arrested in France earlier this month suspected of ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"The US does not have available data on women and girls joining Isis fighters in Syria, a senior intelligence official said in an emailed statement. 'We do not have numbers to share on the number of women linked to [Isis] or fighting for them,' the official said. Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, a counter-terrorism expert at the Washington-based Foundation for Defense of Democracies, downplayed the issue in the US, saying the number of women and girls joining Isis was of concern, but not an epidemic"(para 11-12)."Shannon Conley’s plan to serve as a nurse for Islamic State militants in Syria ended in April when the Colorado teenager was arrested on the runway at Denver ...more
March 31, 2016, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Samra Kesinovic, 16, and her friend Sabina Selimovic, 15 – have become symbols of Austria’s concern about young people being radicalised and going to fight in Syria.The girls, whose families came to Austria from Bosnia, ran away from their Vienna homes in April to fight in the 'holy war', telling their families in a note: 'Don’t look for us. We will serve Allah – and we will die for him.'It is thought the girls were radicalised after attending a local mosque run by a radical preacher, Ebu Tejma"(para 61-63)
March 17, 2016, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Are women involved as fighters or authority figures (e.g., negotiators) with subnational groups such as guerrilla groups or rebel groups? Describe their involvement and role(s). (This variable was added in January 2015, and its coding may lag behind other variables.) Not applicable" (4)
March 17, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"One of the prescribed mechanisms in government, and to a limited extent, in some private enterprises, is the creation of a Committee on Decorum and Investigation (CODI) which is assigned to receive and handle complaints of sexual harassment in organizations. Some government officials are known to have been penalized for sexual harassment as a result of the work of these CODIs" (6-7)
March 14, 2016, 1:18 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Countries here have seen a surge in female facilitated terror, countries like Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines and other Muslim countries tend to avoid searching or frisking women. Hence they go easily undetected and don’t quite make it onto the official terror radar, which makes them a deadly weapon. Women in these countries not only serve as recruiters they also play the role of gathering intelligence, couriers, translators on jihadi forums, nurses to wounded fighters and facilitators for setting up safe houses for jihadis" (para 4)
March 14, 2016, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Umm Sayaf is America’s top female terrorist captive, she is the wife of ISIS’s former chief financier, Abu Sayaf who was killed in a targeted raid. During the raid, the troops confiscated his computers, cell phones and other documents which detailed the groups’ finances and such. Umm Sayaf’s capture was quite an asset along with her in depth knowledge of her husband’s activities and ISIS’s working style, she also revealed the role of women in ISIS, which was previously thought to be just that of sexual jihad. Umm Sayaf was a commanding force, running ISIS’s network of women operatives and fighter, as well as playing enforcer for the men’s sex ...more
March 3, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"The fierce-looking 36-year-old in fatigues from the Syriac Christian minority in the northeast believes she is making the future safe for her children. Babylonia has no regrets about leaving behind her two children and her job as a hairdresser to join a Christian female militia battling against the Daesh group in Syria. The fierce-looking 36-year-old in fatigues from the Syriac Christian minority in the northeast believes she is making the future safe for her children. 'I miss Limar and Gabriella and worry that they must be hungry, thirsty and cold. But I try to tell them I'm fighting to protect their future,' she told AFP. Babylonia belongs to a small, ...more
March 3, 2016, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"A woman blew herself up at a petrol station in northern Nigeria on Monday, killing three people in the second female suicide bombing in Kano in two days, police said.The woman was in line with other women, all wearing traditional northern Nigerian dresses and long Muslim headscarves, waiting to buy kerosene for cooking before she set off the bomb, said Tijjani Isa, an attendant at the station"(para 1-2)."On Sunday, a 15-year-old girl detonated a bomb near a temporary university site, killing only herself, said Kano State Police Commissioner Aderenle Shinaba"(para 6)."Boko Haram has killed thousands of people in five years of insurgency...Female suicide bombers are rare in Nigeria but women ...more
March 3, 2016, 11:38 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Boko Haram has terrorized northern Nigeria regularly since 2009, attacking police, schools, churches and civilians, and bombing government buildings. This month, at least one female Boko Haram suicide bomber killed five people in Maiduguri"(para 18-19)
March 2, 2016, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"At least 19 people have been killed and several injured by a bomb strapped to a girl reported to be about age 10 in north-eastern Nigeria, police say.The bomb exploded in a market in the city of Maiduguri, in Borno state.'The explosive devices were wrapped around her body,' a police source told Reuters. No group has said it carried out the attack. The market is reported to have been targeted twice in a week by female bombers late last year.Correspondents say that all the signs point to the militant Islamist Boko Haram group"(para 1-5)."The BBC's Abdulahi Kaura in Lagos says that this will not be the first suicide bombing involving ...more
March 1, 2016, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Apart from other important aspects, Euromaidan Revolution became a good opportunity to estimate the state of equality with rights and possibilities of men and women, to see existing stereotypes and progresses. Women were actively involved in organizing accepting and dividing food and goods, cooking, providing and organizing humanitarian assistnace, providing medical assistance, moral support during protests period. Women united in sotnias (hundreds), became a part of Self-defence, helped to create barricade, conducted feminist actions, etc. The unit 'Olga Kobylyanska women sotnia' has continued its activity after ending of Euromaidan. A lot of women from sotnias and Self-defense units became volunteers in teh armed conflict areas. Women were a part of ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

""Yes. Women are involved and can be authority figures and/or leaders in rebel groups, subnational groups, and so forth. It is not very common, but every now and then, a woman will have these positions. There are women fighting with pro-Russian rebels, although they are very, very few. It is not common, but it happens." Alyona Zubchenko" (23)
Feb. 23, 2016, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"But Ms Krat is regarded as a valuable asset by her captors, not least in the propaganda war. The 29-year-old woman is a journalist and an activist; not just an activist but one of the few women to serve with militia groups in the Maidan, the centre of protest in Kiev which overthrew the government of Viktor Yanukovych. In particular, it has been claimed, she was linked to the Patriots of Ukraine, ultra-nationalists regarded as bedfellows of the Right Sector, regularly attacked as Nazis in this area." (5) "Tension was high in the aftermath, with snarling militiamen accusing foreign journalists of being spies. Ms Kart was recognized and swiftly arrested. ...more
Jan. 30, 2016, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"While the Kurds have been fighting for their survival against ISIS in the Syrian/Turkish border town of Kobane, the Zapatistas put down their arms over 20 years ago and have maintained a non-violent struggle since. In both cases, women have fought alongside men against their own collective obliteration while making radical changes in their gender relations" (Para 2)
Jan. 30, 2016, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"While the Kurds have been fighting for their survival against ISIS in the Syrian/Turkish border town of Kobane, the Zapatistas put down their arms over 20 years ago and have maintained a non-violent struggle since. In both cases, women have fought alongside men against their own collective obliteration while making radical changes in their gender relations" (Para 2)