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Latest items for FSCB-LAW-1

Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the alleged practice of forced sterilization of a woman recognized as legally incapable, with the consent of her guardian and without her free and informed consent" (Pg 15).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"The government has made other moves in response to declining birthrates, which, according to state estimates, stands at 1.8 children per woman, below the 2.1 needed to replenish the population as people die. Last year, the state banned vasectomies and permanent forms of birth control in women. Officials such as Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, have publicly called for Iranians to have more babies to repudiate 'undesirable aspects of Western lifestyles'" (para. 10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The Committee is further concerned about reported cases of involuntary sterilization of women with HIV/AIDS in the State party" (8). The report does not indicate if these practices are considered legal or are happening "under the table" at the state level (AA-CODER COMMENT).
June 30, 2018, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"The government will spend 500 billion rubles ($8.6 billion) over three years on measures to encourage Russians to have more babies, including mortgage subsidies and payments to new and growing families, Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets told reporters Wednesday in Moscow. The money will come from government reserves and won’t require changes in the budget, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov told the upper house of parliament. The welfare program’s being rolled out a day after Putin told officials at a Kremlin meeting that Russia must do more to support new parents and create “additional incentives for the birth of the second and third child” in families to counter a looming demographic...more
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1, ACR-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children, manage their reproductive health, and had the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, and violence" (18).
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned that women with disabilities face sterilization without their free and informed consent" (8)
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The persistence of gender reassignment treatment targeting transgender persons, including involuntary medical treatment, such as hormonal or surgical sterilization, and the costs associated with such treatment" (Pg 14).
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Cases of forced sterilization of women with disabilities and those living with HIV/AIDS" (Pg 10).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3, FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"The Committee takes note of the fatwa that was issued in January 2014 by the Department for the Rendering of Formal Islamic Law Opinions in Decision No. 194 (2014/2) prohibiting the sterilization of girls with disabilities and stipulating society’s responsibility for girls with disabilities. Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned about reported cases of compulsory or voluntary sterilizations of women with disabilities that are not for medical reasons, performed by the families of women and girls with mental disabilities. The Committee is further concerned that the law protecting women with mental disabilities from forced sterilization has not yet been adopted" (Pg 16).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals generally have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; manage their reproductive health; and have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence"(17)
Dec. 7, 2017, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights (ECWR) strongly condemns the statements of the two MPs addressing women. The first MP released a statement calling for female university students to undergo mandatory virginity tests and to submit what proves their virginity. He added that this virginity test should be conducted every year as a condition for the female university students to get their university ID. He claims that this procedure will reduce ‘urfi marriage. After few days another MP announces that he is currently working on a draft law calling for female students at the vocational schools to undergo mandatory virginity tests as well, using words that are abusive for all...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"In one hospital in Ingushetia, several cases of alleged criminal negligence, including instances in which women lost their babies and reproductive organs and one woman died, have been reported, most recently in September 2015. Investigations have so far led nowhere. In Dagestan, three women reportedly died in a hospital in the town of Kizilyurt in the last couple of months, relatives claim as a result of criminal negligence. Earlier this year, the death of a woman in the maternity ward of Dagestan’s Khasavyurt brought hundreds of protesters into the streets and ended up in stone throwing and disturbances.Most of these crimes are punishable under Russian law. Yet, Russia is not...more
Sept. 8, 2017, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The State paid them Rs.1,100 each for undergoing sterilisation while the 24,000 women who underwent sterilisation were paid Rs.880 per person" (para 4). "most women who opt for sterilisation, mainly from low-income groups, seek counsel of other women" (para 6).
July 13, 2017, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

``I.V. v Bolivia concerns the involuntary sterilization in 2000 of an immigrant woman from Peru in a public hospital in Bolivia during a caesarean section. In its first case alleging forced sterilization and indeed, its first case on informed consent to a medical procedure, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights struck at the heart of such practices by addressing underlying causes of such violations: gender discrimination and stereotyping.The Court held that the State violated the woman’s rights to personal integrity, personal freedom, private and family life, access to information and rights to found a family, and to be free from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment contrary to the dignity of...more
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that under the Eugenic Protection Act, the State party, through the Prefectural Eugenic Protection Committee, sought to prevent births of children with diseases or disabilities and, as a result, subjected persons with disabilities to forced sterilization" (7)
April 26, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The law does not permit voluntary sterilization" (18).
March 22, 2017, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"A few months after Lu Qiumei gave birth to her daughter in 2012, local officials visited her home and told her that she was required to be fitted with an intrauterine device. For more than three decades, this was national policy in China. The IUD was the government’s most important tool for limiting couples to one child, and almost all new mothers were required to get one" (para 1-2). "Now, a year after abandoning the 'one-child' policy, the government is hoping to make it up to Ms. Lu and millions of women like her — by removing their IUDs, free of charge" (para 4). "China began demanding that women be...more
March 1, 2017, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"Other participants in the march were families and victims of forced sterilizations carried out under the government of Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000). In 2002, a parliamentary investigation commission estimated that more than 346,000 women were sterilised against their will between 1993 and 2000. In late June, the public prosecutor’s office ruled that Fujimori and his three health ministers were not responsible for the state policy of mass forced sterilisations, and recommended that individual doctors be charged instead" (para 10-11).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3, FSCB-LAW-1

"Saddam Hussein’s regime embraced a strong pronatalist ideology since its inception in 1979. High fertility was encouraged through various economic incentives, including childbirth cash bonuses and family allowances (Faour 1989). The 1981–1988 war against Iran and the Iranian superiority in population size led Saddam Hussein to further intensify the country’s pronatalist approach, with the aim of accelerating population growth. Major restrictions on access to contraception were put in place, and penalties for performing illegal abortions were increased. Family planning services provided by the Iraqi Family Planning Association and the private sector were reserved exclusively for medical reasons (United Nations 1987; Efrati 1999). Only in the aftermath of the 1990–1991 Gulf...more
Jan. 24, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"A spokesman for Uganda's Ministry of Health said it was not government policy to sterilise women living with HIV/AIDS. Asuman Lukwago, the permanent secretary at the ministry, said such cases of forced sterilisation were a criminal offence. However, he said there may be exceptional circumstances in which doctors may decide to sterilise women if they believed their lives would be in danger in pregnancy" (para 15-16). "In Uganda, none of the 20 women who underwent forced sterilisations had sought legal redress and said they felt there was no one to support them, the ICWEA report said. 'I have not heard of any organisation or laws for addressing my problem,' one...more
Sept. 30, 2016, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Other participants in the march were families and victims of forced sterilizations carried out under the government of Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000). In 2002, a parliamentary investigation commission estimated that more than 346,000 women were sterilised against their will between 1993 and 2000. In late June, the public prosecutor’s office ruled that Fujimori and his three health ministers were not responsible for the state policy of mass forced sterilisations, and recommended that individual doctors be charged instead. The ruling enraged those demanding justice and reparations for the thousands of victims of forced sterilization, who are mainly poor, indigenous women" (para 10-12).
May 14, 2016, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of children; to manage their reproductive health; and to have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence" (14).
March 29, 2016, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3, FSCB-LAW-1

"While welcoming the reassurance by the State party that disabled women are not forced to undergo compulsory sterilization or abortion, the Committee [the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women] remains concerned at the absence of a comprehensive law protecting women from forced sterilization and abortion" (12)
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

""No, the state does not force sterilization or childbearing." Natalya Bochkor" (16)
Jan. 7, 2016, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"A two-child policy will not end any of the human rights abuses caused by the One Child Policy, including forced abortion, involuntary sterilization or the sex-selective abortion of baby girls" (para 2). "Even though it will now allow all couples to have a second child, China has not promised to end forced abortion, forced sterilization, or forced contraception...Instituting a two-child policy will not end forced abortion or forced sterilization" (para 4-5). "Rather, it is the fact that the CCP is telling women how many children they can have and then enforcing that limit through forced abortion and forced sterilization. There is no guarantee that the CCP will cease their appalling...more
Jan. 4, 2016, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Following statements by the country’s Supreme Leader to double the country’s population as soon as possible, senior Iranian officials have concluded that a radical shift in the country’s population control policy is in order, progressively limiting women’s access to the labour market and providing policies and measures that coerce women to give birth to more children. Accordingly the Bills illegalize vasectomy, greatly limit access to contraceptive methods, merit family men in the job market while limiting women’s access to the work place, essentially confining women’s role in terms of reproduction as her sole function...First is the Comprehensive Population and Family Excellence Planwhich was proposed in May 2013. The second Bill...more
Nov. 10, 2015, 5:51 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Victims of illegal sterilizations perpetrated over decades apparently will not be receiving compensation from the Czech state according to a proposal developed by the team of Czech Human Rights Minister Jiří Dienstbier (Czech Social Democratic Party - ČSSD). Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka (ČSSD), after a nighttime cabinet session, told journalists early this morning that the Government disagrees with the proposal, but would not give details. According to the bill, the women concerned would have been compensated as much as CZK 300 000 (EUR 11 000). Prior to today's meeting, some ministries were already against the proposal. The ministries said victims had been able to sue for compensation in the...more
Sept. 28, 2015, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The Committee recommends that the State party:...Take immediate steps to repeal section 2 of the Sterilization Act, which permits the sterilization of women with disabilities who have limited legal capacity or who have been deprived of their legal capacity without their consent" (9)
Sept. 4, 2015, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Eleven states retain statutory language authorizing a court to order the involuntary sterilization of a person with a disability. Courts in the U.S. also have addressed these issues, not always consistent with the requirements of the ADA Title II. Courts are divided on the legal capacity of women with disabilities to decide about their reproductive lives, particularly regarding the forced sterilization of young women and girls with disabilities, and there is no clear judicial standard that ensures reproductive decision-making resides with women" (6-7)
Sept. 4, 2015, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Deaths due to sterilisation are not a new problem in India, where more than four million of the operations were performed in 2013-14, according to the government. Between 2009 and 2012, the government paid compensation for 568 deaths resulting from sterilisation, the health ministry said in an answer to a parliamentary question two years ago" (para 7, 8)."So-called “sterilisation camps” are held in Chhattisgarh between October and February as part of a larger programme to control India’s 1.26 billion population. Women who go through the surgery are given 1,400 rupees by the state. Local governments in India often offer incentives such as cars and electrical goods to women volunteering for...more