The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for FSCB-LAW-1

Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"In one hospital in Ingushetia, several cases of alleged criminal negligence, including instances in which women lost their babies and reproductive organs and one woman died, have been reported, most recently in September 2015. Investigations have so far led nowhere. In Dagestan, three women reportedly died in a hospital in the town of Kizilyurt in the last couple of months, relatives claim as a result of criminal negligence. Earlier this year, the death of a woman in the maternity ward of Dagestan’s Khasavyurt brought hundreds of protesters into the streets and ended up in stone throwing and disturbances.Most of these crimes are punishable under Russian law. Yet, Russia is not ...more
Sept. 8, 2017, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The State paid them Rs.1,100 each for undergoing sterilisation while the 24,000 women who underwent sterilisation were paid Rs.880 per person" (para 4). "most women who opt for sterilisation, mainly from low-income groups, seek counsel of other women" (para 6).
July 13, 2017, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

``I.V. v Bolivia concerns the involuntary sterilization in 2000 of an immigrant woman from Peru in a public hospital in Bolivia during a caesarean section. In its first case alleging forced sterilization and indeed, its first case on informed consent to a medical procedure, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights struck at the heart of such practices by addressing underlying causes of such violations: gender discrimination and stereotyping.The Court held that the State violated the woman’s rights to personal integrity, personal freedom, private and family life, access to information and rights to found a family, and to be free from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment contrary to the dignity of ...more
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that under the Eugenic Protection Act, the State party, through the Prefectural Eugenic Protection Committee, sought to prevent births of children with diseases or disabilities and, as a result, subjected persons with disabilities to forced sterilization" (7)
April 26, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The law does not permit voluntary sterilization" (18).
March 22, 2017, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"A few months after Lu Qiumei gave birth to her daughter in 2012, local officials visited her home and told her that she was required to be fitted with an intrauterine device. For more than three decades, this was national policy in China. The IUD was the government’s most important tool for limiting couples to one child, and almost all new mothers were required to get one" (para 1-2). "Now, a year after abandoning the 'one-child' policy, the government is hoping to make it up to Ms. Lu and millions of women like her — by removing their IUDs, free of charge" (para 4). "China began demanding that women be ...more
March 1, 2017, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"Other participants in the march were families and victims of forced sterilizations carried out under the government of Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000). In 2002, a parliamentary investigation commission estimated that more than 346,000 women were sterilised against their will between 1993 and 2000. In late June, the public prosecutor’s office ruled that Fujimori and his three health ministers were not responsible for the state policy of mass forced sterilisations, and recommended that individual doctors be charged instead" (para 10-11).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3, FSCB-LAW-1

"Saddam Hussein’s regime embraced a strong pronatalist ideology since its inception in 1979. High fertility was encouraged through various economic incentives, including childbirth cash bonuses and family allowances (Faour 1989). The 1981–1988 war against Iran and the Iranian superiority in population size led Saddam Hussein to further intensify the country’s pronatalist approach, with the aim of accelerating population growth. Major restrictions on access to contraception were put in place, and penalties for performing illegal abortions were increased. Family planning services provided by the Iraqi Family Planning Association and the private sector were reserved exclusively for medical reasons (United Nations 1987; Efrati 1999). Only in the aftermath of the 1990–1991 Gulf ...more
Jan. 24, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"A spokesman for Uganda's Ministry of Health said it was not government policy to sterilise women living with HIV/AIDS. Asuman Lukwago, the permanent secretary at the ministry, said such cases of forced sterilisation were a criminal offence. However, he said there may be exceptional circumstances in which doctors may decide to sterilise women if they believed their lives would be in danger in pregnancy" (para 15-16). "In Uganda, none of the 20 women who underwent forced sterilisations had sought legal redress and said they felt there was no one to support them, the ICWEA report said. 'I have not heard of any organisation or laws for addressing my problem,' one ...more
Sept. 30, 2016, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Other participants in the march were families and victims of forced sterilizations carried out under the government of Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000). In 2002, a parliamentary investigation commission estimated that more than 346,000 women were sterilised against their will between 1993 and 2000. In late June, the public prosecutor’s office ruled that Fujimori and his three health ministers were not responsible for the state policy of mass forced sterilisations, and recommended that individual doctors be charged instead. The ruling enraged those demanding justice and reparations for the thousands of victims of forced sterilization, who are mainly poor, indigenous women" (para 10-12).
May 14, 2016, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of children; to manage their reproductive health; and to have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence" (14).
March 29, 2016, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3, FSCB-LAW-1

"While welcoming the reassurance by the State party that disabled women are not forced to undergo compulsory sterilization or abortion, the Committee [the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women] remains concerned at the absence of a comprehensive law protecting women from forced sterilization and abortion" (12)
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

""No, the state does not force sterilization or childbearing." Natalya Bochkor" (16)
Jan. 7, 2016, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"A two-child policy will not end any of the human rights abuses caused by the One Child Policy, including forced abortion, involuntary sterilization or the sex-selective abortion of baby girls" (para 2). "Even though it will now allow all couples to have a second child, China has not promised to end forced abortion, forced sterilization, or forced contraception...Instituting a two-child policy will not end forced abortion or forced sterilization" (para 4-5). "Rather, it is the fact that the CCP is telling women how many children they can have and then enforcing that limit through forced abortion and forced sterilization. There is no guarantee that the CCP will cease their appalling ...more
Jan. 4, 2016, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Following statements by the country’s Supreme Leader to double the country’s population as soon as possible, senior Iranian officials have concluded that a radical shift in the country’s population control policy is in order, progressively limiting women’s access to the labour market and providing policies and measures that coerce women to give birth to more children. Accordingly the Bills illegalize vasectomy, greatly limit access to contraceptive methods, merit family men in the job market while limiting women’s access to the work place, essentially confining women’s role in terms of reproduction as her sole function...First is the Comprehensive Population and Family Excellence Planwhich was proposed in May 2013. The second Bill ...more
Nov. 10, 2015, 5:51 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Victims of illegal sterilizations perpetrated over decades apparently will not be receiving compensation from the Czech state according to a proposal developed by the team of Czech Human Rights Minister Jiří Dienstbier (Czech Social Democratic Party - ČSSD). Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka (ČSSD), after a nighttime cabinet session, told journalists early this morning that the Government disagrees with the proposal, but would not give details. According to the bill, the women concerned would have been compensated as much as CZK 300 000 (EUR 11 000). Prior to today's meeting, some ministries were already against the proposal. The ministries said victims had been able to sue for compensation in the ...more
Sept. 28, 2015, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The Committee recommends that the State party:...Take immediate steps to repeal section 2 of the Sterilization Act, which permits the sterilization of women with disabilities who have limited legal capacity or who have been deprived of their legal capacity without their consent" (9)
Sept. 4, 2015, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Eleven states retain statutory language authorizing a court to order the involuntary sterilization of a person with a disability. Courts in the U.S. also have addressed these issues, not always consistent with the requirements of the ADA Title II. Courts are divided on the legal capacity of women with disabilities to decide about their reproductive lives, particularly regarding the forced sterilization of young women and girls with disabilities, and there is no clear judicial standard that ensures reproductive decision-making resides with women" (6-7)
Sept. 4, 2015, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Deaths due to sterilisation are not a new problem in India, where more than four million of the operations were performed in 2013-14, according to the government. Between 2009 and 2012, the government paid compensation for 568 deaths resulting from sterilisation, the health ministry said in an answer to a parliamentary question two years ago" (para 7, 8)."So-called “sterilisation camps” are held in Chhattisgarh between October and February as part of a larger programme to control India’s 1.26 billion population. Women who go through the surgery are given 1,400 rupees by the state. Local governments in India often offer incentives such as cars and electrical goods to women volunteering for ...more
July 11, 2015, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"Male and female sterilization is optional and available for those who wish it. No statistics are available on this subject" (29)
June 2, 2015, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

“the Chinese Communist Party will likely announce that soon, all couples can have a second child. But this will not be the end of the One Child Policy. Women will still need a birth permit for the first and the second child. Without this permit, they will still be subject to forced abortion. The core of the policy is not the number of children the Chinese government will allow women to have. The core of the policy is that the Chinese government is telling women how many children they can have, and enforcing that limit through forced abortion, forced sterilization, and forced contraception – the mandatory insertion of IUDs” (para ...more
May 29, 2015, 7:24 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"While noting the State party’s denial that women with disabilities undergo compulsory or voluntary sterilizations that are not for medical reasons, The [CEDAW] Committee remains concerned by information provided from alternative sources on the prevalence of such practices by families who have girls with mental disabilities, and at the absence of a comprehensive law protecting women with mental disabilities from forced sterilization" (11)
April 21, 2015, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

In 2006, only 0.3 percent of women aged 15 to 49 who were married or in union reported female sterilization as a method of contraception (1). No information was provided on whether sterilization was forced or voluntary, but the low prevalence of use indicates that it is not a customary practice (HLH-CODER COMMENT)
April 17, 2015, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

In 2006, 2.4 percent of women aged 15 to 49 who were married or in union reported using female sterilization has a form of contraception and 0.1 percent reported male sterilization (1). No information was provided on whether sterilization was forced or voluntary, but the low prevalence indicates that it is not a customary practice (HLH-CODER COMMENT)
April 2, 2015, 1:12 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"All forms of abortion are illegal in El Salvador" (para 3)
Feb. 6, 2015, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The new campaign has had at least one immediate impact, prompting a doctor formerly specializing in vasectomies to shift to Botox injections. For years, the doctor, Nasir Ahmadi, performed at least 60 vasectomies a month. Now, in a good month, he says, he does 10" (para. 24). “When the state stopped paying, people stopped coming,” he said" (para. 25). "Mr. Khamenei followed that up with a 14-point program, announced late last month, that health officials hope will lead to a doubling of Iran’s population, to 150 million, by 2050. Hospital delivery stays are now free, and women are allowed longer maternity leave. Reversing past policies to control population growth, the ...more
Jan. 1, 2015, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The government pays families for birth or adoption of a second child – and considers a tax on childlessness. Another factor mitigating against higher fertility is Russia’s high divorce rate. In 2012, for every two marriages, there was one divorce. To counter these trends, the government has sought to promote childbearing through various measures. For example, Russian families are entitled to a certificate for 429,408 rubles, 12,500 USD, after the birth or adoption of a second child...The government is also considering reinstatement of a tax on childlessness, estimated at 10 percent of women in their late 40s" (para 12-14)
Dec. 19, 2014, 2:49 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The deaths in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh have provoked outrage in the Indian media. The Hindustan Times, in an article titled “Death by Sterilization in India: Chhattisgarh Is Just One Horror,” pointed out that the procedures that left at least 13 women dead and almost 140 ill, some of them critically, directly violated a 2005 Indian Supreme Court ruling that a medical team should conduct only 30 tubal ligations a day, with each doctor limited to 10" (1).
Nov. 18, 2014, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"F.S. is a Chilean woman living with HIV who gave birth in November 2002 via cesarean. Aware of her HIV status, the surgeon operating on F.S. surgically sterilized her during the delivery without her knowledge or consent—despite the fact that Chilean law requires written consent from a woman before any sterilization procedure. F.S. later filed a criminal complaint against the surgeon in March 2007, but due to a substandard police investigation, the Chilean judiciary dismissed the case, falsely claiming F.S. had given verbal consent to sterilization. She continues to suffer physical and psychological harms today. The Center for Reproductive Rights and Chilean-based HIV/AIDS NGO Vivo Positivo brought the F.S. v ...more
Nov. 7, 2014, 1:22 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"More than a decade after a Chilean woman was forcibly sterilized because she is living with HIV, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights announced that it will hear her case—the first-ever forced sterilization case for a person living with HIV in Latin America to be decided by an international human rights body" (para. 1). "This week, the Commission declared F.S. v. Chile—a case submitted by the Center for Reproductive Rights to the human rights body—admissible and the Commission will review the case on its merits around the violation to the rights to personal integrity, due process, privacy and family life, equality, judicial protection and right to be free from violence" ...more