The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for GEW-LAW-1

Sept. 5, 2018, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"For example, on June 17, authorities arrested a commander and seven members of the Tornado volunteer battalion, charging them with the kidnapping, unlawful detention, rape, and torture of local residents of government-controlled territory in the Luhansk Oblast" (4). If the members of the battalion were arrested, it is logical to assume there are laws against this kind of behavior, including rape (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Military personnel are immune from prosecution in civilian courts, except in cases of homicide or rape involving a civilian" (10-11).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned by the provision in the Code of Military Justice that permission must be sought from the Minister of Defence before prosecuting members of the security and defence forces. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Complete the process of revising the Code of Military Justice as a matter of urgency and, with technical assistance from the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali, if requested, in line with Security Council resolution 2295 (2016), ensure that investigations into allegations of sexual and gender-based violence and violations of women’s rights committed by members of the Malian security and defence forces and armed groups, in addition to...more
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-LAW-1, GEW-LAW-1

"As of 2008, in Act No. 18250 on migration, the crimes of human trafficking and migrant smuggling of migrants were for the first time classified using the definitions established by the United Nations’ Palermo Protocol. Article 80 of the Act extends to complainants, victims, relatives and witnesses in cases of human trafficking the provisions established on the participation of victims in judicial proceedings and the compensation provided for by Act No. 18026 on war crimes and crimes against humanity" (page 20).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Sexual Violence in the Northern Province a. Cases reported during the conflict period - 119 (125 accused), 1 January 2007 to 18 May 2009. b. Cases reported in the post-conflict period - 256 (307 accused) 19 May 2009 to 31 May 2012" (27). "During the conflict period (January 2007-May 2009), 7 Security Forces personnel were reported to have been involved in 12 incidents of sexual violence in North and East areas. In the post conflict period (May 2009-May 2012), 10 Security Forces personnel were reported to have been involved in 6 incidents of sexual violence in the North. This is out of a total of 307 persons accused in 256...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"As amended by Act No. 2003-025 of 13 June 2003, the Niger Penal Code, in its articles 208.1 to 208.8, outlaws war crimes and crimes against humanity" (pg 24).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1

"The prohibition applies to Swedish peacekeepers stationed abroad, and has been implemented a number of time against military personnel exploiting women through prostitution in countries involved in armed conflict, such as in Kosovo" (page 3).
March 17, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"There is no specific law addressing this case, but there is an anti-rape law and anti-violence against women and their children law which is applicable to all persons in the Philippines, including to those from the military” (8)
March 16, 2016, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"A Guatemala court has sentenced two former members of the military to 360 years in jail for the murder, rape and sexual enslavement of indigenous women ... The historic ruling is the first successful prosecution for sexual violence committed during Guatemala's military conflict in the 1980s" (para 1,3) From this conviction, we can conclude that there are laws on military rape (HJ-Coder Comment)
March 3, 2016, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1

"The 'breakthrough' agreement signed this week by the Colombian Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP) on victims of the decades-long conflict also acknowledges the various forms of violence that women have suffered and removes amnesties for the most serious crimes such as sexual violence, two senior United Nations officials said today" (para 1). "The agreement on 15 December 2015 between the Government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP) on truth, justice, reparations and non-repetition for the victims 'marks a milestone on the path to ending five decades of conflict, and puts the rights of the victims at the heart of the peace...more
Jan. 6, 2016, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"While recognizing the State party’s efforts to improve the situation of women in post-conflict situations, the Committee is deeply concerned about:…(b) The inadequate definition, at both the State and entity levels, of acts of sexual violence as war crimes and crimes against humanity, in particular the elements of the crime of rape, which are not in line with international standards; the large number of cases at the district and cantonal levels, at which rape continues to be prosecuted as an ordinary crime, without taking into account the dimension of the armed conflict; and the parallel applicability of different criminal codes, resulting in inconsistent jurisprudence and lenient sentencing practices" (3)more
Jan. 4, 2016, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-5

"In the meantime, any cases of rape being perpetrated by armed combatants during a declared armed conflict are potentially war crimes" (para 4).
Sept. 25, 2015, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"'It’s a long story. It’s a twenty five-year-long story, actually.' As long-time women’s rights activist Nela Pamukovic explains, Croatia’s newest law on sexual violence is long overdue. On May 29th, the Croatian parliament passed the first law in the country recognizes rape as a war crime – the Act on the Rights of Victims of Sexual Violence during the Military Aggression against Republic of Croatia in the Homeland War. Set to go into effect in January, the law will compensate war rape survivors with a monthly financial stipend and access to free counseling, as well as legal and medical aid. Throughout the war for independence in the former Yugoslavia in...more
Aug. 11, 2015, 4:43 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The [UN CEDAW] Committee notes that the State party is considering the incorporation of a provision on sexual violence, in particular rape as a war crime in its Penal Code" (7)
July 8, 2015, 12:11 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Last week three women were arrested for recruiting female members for the militant group, the country's military said. They were said to have targeted widows and young girls, promising them marriage to Boko Haram members" (20-21). If women are being arrested for attempting to lure women to join Boko Haram, kidnapping as a weapon of war must be illegal (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Dec. 28, 2014, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

“In 2006, the government of the DRC adopted laws criminalizing rape and other forms of sexual violence. Yet, few perpetrators have been prosecuted and the majority of victims/survivors do not have access to medical and psycho-social assistance.” This text occurs at 0:52 (Coder Comment-SPS)
Nov. 12, 2014, 11:57 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"A decree issued Wednesday in Libya would recognize rape committed during that country’s revolution as a war crime and pay rape survivors reparations, according to two sources who have worked closely with the Libyan government in developing the policy" (para 1). "An initial decree issued in February sought to recognize the mass rapes perpetrated during the 2011 revolution as war crimes, but it required congressional approval to move forward. The new decree, however, bypasses Libya's congress and establishes a commission to begin evaluating who will be given the financial and medical support, and the scope of the reparations to be provided, according to war crimes lawyer Céline Bardet, who reviewed...more
Nov. 6, 2014, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"AMISOM’s 22,000 troops come from Uganda, Burundi, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone and Djibouti. They are immune from prosecution by the Somali government, with responsibility falling on their own governments" (para 17)
Sept. 29, 2014, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Impunity for war crimes was exacerbated by the use of the 1993 Basic Criminal Code in the prosecution of crimes committed during the 1991-1995 war, although it failed to meet international standards. It did not include crimes against humanity and most crimes of sexual violence, while superior and command responsibility for crimes under international law was also not recognized. Those gaps led to impunity" (page 72).
Sept. 29, 2014, 9:56 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Despite calls from various international human rights treaty bodies for the BiH authorities to amend its legislation to include a definition of sexual violence in line with international standards and jurisprudence, the 2003 Criminal Code was not changed. This Code required that the victim be subjected to force or threat of immediate attack on his or her life or body. It still did not take into account the circumstances of armed conflict, which could create a coercive context that would vitiate consent to sexual intercourse" (page 42). "The state failed to adopt the draft Law on the Rights of Victims of Torture and Civilian War Victims, the Strategy on Transitional...more
Dec. 11, 2013, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The country was aided along its path towards healing by a three-year Truth and Reconciliation Commission that held hearings in almost every corner of the country to give victims and combatants, including girl soldiers, a chance to air their experiences and build mutual understanding. Amnesty was given to all but a handful of top leaders. In addition the Special Court established to hold to account the top leaders responsible for the nation’s bloodbath indicted 14 men; the charges included sexual violence and sexual slavery. For the first time in history, forced marriage (including the taking of a bush wife) became an international war crime. Some hope that the fact that...more
May 25, 2013, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"IOM Peru and the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations this week signed a cooperation agreement that will allow for increased cooperation in projects aimed at protecting the human rights of vulnerable populations, including migrants, displaced persons, victims of human trafficking and armed conflict, and to respond to emergencies" (para. 1)
March 20, 2013, 12:23 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"No child may perform work that is not suitable for a child's age - another clause that defies reality in a country where an enormous number of children work. Each child is to be protected from armed conflict, it says" (1) This was maintained the provisional constitution, adopted 1 Aug 2012, available: http://unpos.unmissions.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=CqsW6PVY-C4%3D&tabid=9708&language=en-US (LMS coder comment)
Sept. 3, 2012, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Rwanda never had a TRC. Instead the government established the grassroots-based Gacaca justice process that pitted the suspects of the crime of genocide against their victims before their peers in the community and accorded equal rights irrespective of gender.25 Gacaca was necessary in order to tackle the huge number of cases in view of an inadequate and overwhelmed court system, while the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) prosecuted the masterminds of the genocide. Rape and sexual violence was specifically codified for the first time as a recognizable and independent crime within the statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda (ICTR) and for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). This was...more
Sept. 3, 2012, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Rwanda never had a TRC. Instead the government established the grassroots-based Gacaca justice process that pitted the suspects of the crime of genocide against their victims before their peers in the community and accorded equal rights irrespective of gender.25 Gacaca was necessary in order to tackle the huge number of cases in view of an inadequate and overwhelmed court system, while the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) prosecuted the masterminds of the genocide. Rape and sexual violence was specifically codified for the first time as a recognizable and independent crime within the statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda (ICTR) and for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). This was...more
Aug. 2, 2012, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

" In 2010 the UN reported that the FARC used children to fight, recruit other children to act as spies, gather intelligence, serve as sex slaves, and provide logistical support. The penalty for leaders of armed groups who use child soldiers is life imprisonment. The government agreed to the International Criminal Court’s penalty for child recruitment when it ratified the Rome Statute in 2002 but delayed application of the law to provide an incentive to all illegal groups, especially the FARC, to free recruited children. The delay remained in effect at year’s end" (Section 1).
July 10, 2012, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"SPDC’s recent response at the 7th session of the Human Rights Council in March 2008 on sexual violence against women. 'The Myanmar Military have been falsely accused of gang rape based on the report Issued by the exiles and insurgents. Rape, gang rape is regarded by Myanmar people and Government as the most dastardly crime. The insurgents and anti-government elements have been consistently making unfounded allegation against the Government. Whenever rape is committed, the Government makes sure that the perpetrators are brought to the justice and prosecuted and sentenced in accordance with existing laws of Myanmar'" (74)
July 8, 2012, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"SPDC’s recent response at the 7th session of the Human Rights Council in March 2008 on sexual violence against women. 'The Myanmar Military have been falsely accused of gang rape based on the report Issued by the exiles and insurgents. Rape, gang rape is regarded by Myanmar people and Government as the most dastardly crime. The insurgents and anti-government elements have been consistently making unfounded allegation against the Government. Whenever rape is committed, the Government makes sure that the perpetrators are brought to the justice and prosecuted and sentenced in accordance with existing laws of Myanmar'" (74)
June 27, 2012, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Additionally, Order (auto) 092 of 2008 notes that forced displacement has had a disproportionate impact on women. Finally, Decision T-496 of 2008, orders the government to develop a protection strategy for victims of the conflict, taking into account gender-specific risks" (293)
June 12, 2012, 11:22 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) has excluded rape and sexual violence from crimes charged against leaders of the Khmer Rouge, the military government that controlled Cambodia from April 1975 through January 1979. Victims and women’s rights activists were discouraged by the ECCC’s decision, arguing that the Khmer Rouge commonly used rape as a weapon and punishment. Duong Savon of Cambodian Defenders Project’s Gender-Based Violence Project stated: “[t]hrough our research we have seen that a lot of rapes were carried out, especially by guards in prisons, and rapes before killings were common" (para 1)