The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GEW-LAW-1

Feb. 10, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, GEW-LAW-1

"Government forces, called the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), have a strict code of conduct prohibiting violence against civilians, and soldiers who rape face the death penalty. In recent years the international community has invested heavily in reforming the SPLA" (para 22).
Sept. 13, 2020, 9 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The laws, policies, and practices that underpin the government’s persecution of the Rohingya—and which serve as causal factors for the killings, rapes and gang rapes, torture, and forced displacement by the military and other government authorities—remain in place" (para 5).
June 24, 2020, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The UN strongly discourages sexual relationships in section 3.2(d) of the Bulletin . . . Nevertheless, some peacekeepers understand that there is a blanket ban on relationships with local people. Peacekeepers interviewed by an NGO researcher in Haiti said, 'I would not have sex with a woman in Haiti. It is not allowed.'"
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Belgium’s Law concerning the Repression of Grave Breaches of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols as amended provides that “rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity” constitutes a crime under international law."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Australia’s War Crimes Act provides that rape and “abduction of girls and women for the purpose of enforced prostitution” are war crimes . . . Under Australia’s War Crimes Act as amended, rape, indecent assault and “abduction, or procuring, for immoral purposes” are considered serious war crimes . . . Australia’s ICC (Consequential Amendments) Act incorporates in the Criminal Code the crimes defined in the 1998 ICC Statute, including: “genocide by imposing measures intended to prevent births”; crimes against humanity, including “rape”, “sexual slavery”, “enforced prostitution”, “forced pregnancy”, “enforced sterilisation” and “sexual violence”; and war crimes, including “rape”, “sexual slavery”, “enforced prostitution”, “forced pregnancy”, “enforced sterilisation” and “sexual violence”, in...more
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Colombia’s Penal Code imposes a criminal sanction on anyone who, during an armed conflict, carries out or orders the “carrying out of forced sexual acts on protected persons” and “forced prostitution or sexual slavery”."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Under Georgia’s Criminal Code, any war crime provided for by the 1998 ICC Statute, which is not explicitly mentioned in the Code, such as “rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, . . . enforced sterilisation, or any other form of sexual violence also constituting a grave breach of the Geneva Conventions” in international and non-international armed conflicts, is a war crime."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Under Hungary’s Criminal Code as amended, taking measures aiming at prevention of births within a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as a part of a genocide campaign, constitutes a “crime against the freedom of peoples”."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Under Paraguay’s Military Penal Code, rape is a crime."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Under Norway’s Military Penal Code as amended, “anyone who contravenes or is accessory to the contravention of provisions relating to the protection of persons or property laid down in . . . the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 . . . [and in] the two additional protocols to these Conventions . . . is liable to imprisonment”."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The Definition of War Crimes Decree of the Netherlands includes “rape” and “abduction of girls and women for the purpose of enforced prostitution” in its list of war crimes . . . Under the International Crimes Act of the Netherlands, “rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, enforced sterilisation, or any other form of sexual violence which can be deemed to be of a gravity comparable to a grave breach of the Geneva Conventions”, “forced pregnancy”, as well as “outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment” of persons taking no active part in the hostilities, constitute crimes, whether committed in time of international or non-international armed conflict."more
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Azerbaijan’s Law concerning the Protection of Civilian Persons and the Rights of Prisoners of War provides that in international and non-international armed conflicts, rape of civilian persons, degrading and humiliating treatment of women, forced prostitution and attacks on their dignity are prohibited. It further prohibits the rape of prisoners of war and adds that “women and young girls are especially protected against attacks on their honour” . . . Azerbaijan’s Criminal Code provides that “committing rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, enforced sterilization and other acts related to sexual violence” are war crimes."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Spain’s Military Criminal Code provides for the punishment of military personnel who commit rape of the wounded, sick and shipwrecked, prisoners of war or the civilian population . . . Under Spain’s Penal Code, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, acts of rape, sexual assault and enforced prostitution are criminal offences."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Israel’s Nazis and Nazi Collaborators (Punishment) Law includes “imposing measures intended to prevent births among Jews” in its definition of genocide."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Estonia’s Penal Code provides that rape of a civilian person is a war crime."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Under Armenia’s Penal Code, the “application of ... humiliating practices” during an armed conflict constitutes a crime against the peace and security of mankind. It is also the case of acts of genocide, including “violently preventing births” within a national, ethnic, racial or religious group."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Burundi’s Draft Law on Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes provides that “rape, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced sterilisation or any other form of sexual violence” constitutes a grave breach of the Geneva Conventions."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Myanmar’s Defence Service Act provides that: Any person subject to this law who commits an offence . . . of rape in relation to [any person not subject to military law] shall not be deemed to be guilty of an offence against this act and shall not be tried by a court-martial unless he commits any of the said offences . . . while in active service."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Under Slovenia’s Penal Code, forced prostitution and rape are war crimes."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The Criminal Code of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina provides that forced prostitution and rape of civilians is a war crime. The Criminal Code of the Republika Srpska contains the same provision."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Canada’s Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes Act provides that genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes defined in Articles 6, 7 and 8(2) of the 1998 ICC Statute are “crimes according to customary international law” and, as such, indictable offences under the Act."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Germany’s Law Introducing the International Crimes Code, provides for the punishment of anyone who, in connection with an international or noninternational armed conflict, “sexually coerces, rapes, forces into prostitution or deprives a person who is to be protected under international humanitarian law of his or her reproductive capacity, or confines a woman forcibly made pregnant with the intent of affecting the ethnic composition of any population”."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"According to Niger’s Penal Code as amended, it is a crime of genocide to adopt “measures aimed at preventing birth” within a group, with the intent to destroy partially or totally a national, ethnic, racial or religious group or a group defined on the basis of any other arbitrary criterion."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Bangladesh’s International Crimes (Tribunal) Act states that the “violation of any humanitarian rules applicable in armed conflicts laid down in the Geneva Conventions of 1949” is a crime."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"South Korea’s Military Criminal Code provides that the rape of women in combat or in an occupied zone is punishable by the death penalty."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Under Ethiopia’s Penal Code “compulsion to acts of prostitution, debauchery and rape” are war crimes against the civilian population."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Mozambique’s Military Criminal Law criminalises sexual intercourse with a woman against her will, as well as the rape of minors under 12 years old."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Under Lithuania’s Criminal Code as amended, “rape of women or forcing them to engage in prostitution” constitutes a war crime."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Under New Zealand’s International Crimes and ICC Act, genocide includes the crimes defined in Article 6(d) of the 1998 ICC Statute, crimes against humanity include the crimes defined in Article 7(1)(g) of the Statute, and war crimes include the crimes defined in Article 8(2)(b)(xxii) and (e)(vi) of the Statute."
June 7, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Argentina’s Draft Code of Military Justice punishes any soldier who subjects any protected person to enforced prostitution or any form of indecent assault."