The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GEW-LAW-1

March 17, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"There is no specific law addressing this case, but there is an anti-rape law and anti-violence against women and their children law which is applicable to all persons in the Philippines, including to those from the military” (8)
March 16, 2016, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"A Guatemala court has sentenced two former members of the military to 360 years in jail for the murder, rape and sexual enslavement of indigenous women ... The historic ruling is the first successful prosecution for sexual violence committed during Guatemala's military conflict in the 1980s" (para 1,3) From this conviction, we can conclude that there are laws on military rape (HJ-Coder Comment)
March 3, 2016, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1

"The 'breakthrough' agreement signed this week by the Colombian Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP) on victims of the decades-long conflict also acknowledges the various forms of violence that women have suffered and removes amnesties for the most serious crimes such as sexual violence, two senior United Nations officials said today" (para 1). "The agreement on 15 December 2015 between the Government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP) on truth, justice, reparations and non-repetition for the victims 'marks a milestone on the path to ending five decades of conflict, and puts the rights of the victims at the heart of the peace ...more
Jan. 6, 2016, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"While recognizing the State party’s efforts to improve the situation of women in post-conflict situations, the Committee is deeply concerned about:…(b) The inadequate definition, at both the State and entity levels, of acts of sexual violence as war crimes and crimes against humanity, in particular the elements of the crime of rape, which are not in line with international standards; the large number of cases at the district and cantonal levels, at which rape continues to be prosecuted as an ordinary crime, without taking into account the dimension of the armed conflict; and the parallel applicability of different criminal codes, resulting in inconsistent jurisprudence and lenient sentencing practices" (3)more
Jan. 4, 2016, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1, EWCMS-PRACTICE-3, EWCMS-LAW-5

"In the meantime, any cases of rape being perpetrated by armed combatants during a declared armed conflict are potentially war crimes" (para 4).
Sept. 25, 2015, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"'It’s a long story. It’s a twenty five-year-long story, actually.' As long-time women’s rights activist Nela Pamukovic explains, Croatia’s newest law on sexual violence is long overdue. On May 29th, the Croatian parliament passed the first law in the country recognizes rape as a war crime – the Act on the Rights of Victims of Sexual Violence during the Military Aggression against Republic of Croatia in the Homeland War. Set to go into effect in January, the law will compensate war rape survivors with a monthly financial stipend and access to free counseling, as well as legal and medical aid. Throughout the war for independence in the former Yugoslavia in ...more
Aug. 11, 2015, 4:43 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The [UN CEDAW] Committee notes that the State party is considering the incorporation of a provision on sexual violence, in particular rape as a war crime in its Penal Code" (7)
July 8, 2015, 12:11 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Last week three women were arrested for recruiting female members for the militant group, the country's military said. They were said to have targeted widows and young girls, promising them marriage to Boko Haram members" (20-21). If women are being arrested for attempting to lure women to join Boko Haram, kidnapping as a weapon of war must be illegal (RNP-CODER COMMENT)
Dec. 28, 2014, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

“In 2006, the government of the DRC adopted laws criminalizing rape and other forms of sexual violence. Yet, few perpetrators have been prosecuted and the majority of victims/survivors do not have access to medical and psycho-social assistance.” This text occurs at 0:52 (Coder Comment-SPS)
Nov. 12, 2014, 11:57 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"A decree issued Wednesday in Libya would recognize rape committed during that country’s revolution as a war crime and pay rape survivors reparations, according to two sources who have worked closely with the Libyan government in developing the policy" (para 1). "An initial decree issued in February sought to recognize the mass rapes perpetrated during the 2011 revolution as war crimes, but it required congressional approval to move forward. The new decree, however, bypasses Libya's congress and establishes a commission to begin evaluating who will be given the financial and medical support, and the scope of the reparations to be provided, according to war crimes lawyer Céline Bardet, who reviewed ...more
Nov. 6, 2014, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"AMISOM’s 22,000 troops come from Uganda, Burundi, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone and Djibouti. They are immune from prosecution by the Somali government, with responsibility falling on their own governments" (para 17)
Sept. 29, 2014, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Impunity for war crimes was exacerbated by the use of the 1993 Basic Criminal Code in the prosecution of crimes committed during the 1991-1995 war, although it failed to meet international standards. It did not include crimes against humanity and most crimes of sexual violence, while superior and command responsibility for crimes under international law was also not recognized. Those gaps led to impunity" (page 72).
Sept. 29, 2014, 9:56 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Despite calls from various international human rights treaty bodies for the BiH authorities to amend its legislation to include a definition of sexual violence in line with international standards and jurisprudence, the 2003 Criminal Code was not changed. This Code required that the victim be subjected to force or threat of immediate attack on his or her life or body. It still did not take into account the circumstances of armed conflict, which could create a coercive context that would vitiate consent to sexual intercourse" (page 42). "The state failed to adopt the draft Law on the Rights of Victims of Torture and Civilian War Victims, the Strategy on Transitional ...more
Dec. 11, 2013, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The country was aided along its path towards healing by a three-year Truth and Reconciliation Commission that held hearings in almost every corner of the country to give victims and combatants, including girl soldiers, a chance to air their experiences and build mutual understanding. Amnesty was given to all but a handful of top leaders. In addition the Special Court established to hold to account the top leaders responsible for the nation’s bloodbath indicted 14 men; the charges included sexual violence and sexual slavery. For the first time in history, forced marriage (including the taking of a bush wife) became an international war crime. Some hope that the fact that ...more
May 25, 2013, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"IOM Peru and the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations this week signed a cooperation agreement that will allow for increased cooperation in projects aimed at protecting the human rights of vulnerable populations, including migrants, displaced persons, victims of human trafficking and armed conflict, and to respond to emergencies" (para. 1)
March 20, 2013, 12:23 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"No child may perform work that is not suitable for a child's age - another clause that defies reality in a country where an enormous number of children work. Each child is to be protected from armed conflict, it says" (1) This was maintained the provisional constitution, adopted 1 Aug 2012, available: http://unpos.unmissions.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=CqsW6PVY-C4%3D&tabid=9708&language=en-US (LMS coder comment)
Sept. 3, 2012, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Rwanda never had a TRC. Instead the government established the grassroots-based Gacaca justice process that pitted the suspects of the crime of genocide against their victims before their peers in the community and accorded equal rights irrespective of gender.25 Gacaca was necessary in order to tackle the huge number of cases in view of an inadequate and overwhelmed court system, while the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) prosecuted the masterminds of the genocide. Rape and sexual violence was specifically codified for the first time as a recognizable and independent crime within the statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda (ICTR) and for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). This was ...more
Sept. 3, 2012, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Rwanda never had a TRC. Instead the government established the grassroots-based Gacaca justice process that pitted the suspects of the crime of genocide against their victims before their peers in the community and accorded equal rights irrespective of gender.25 Gacaca was necessary in order to tackle the huge number of cases in view of an inadequate and overwhelmed court system, while the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) prosecuted the masterminds of the genocide. Rape and sexual violence was specifically codified for the first time as a recognizable and independent crime within the statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda (ICTR) and for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). This was ...more
Aug. 2, 2012, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

" In 2010 the UN reported that the FARC used children to fight, recruit other children to act as spies, gather intelligence, serve as sex slaves, and provide logistical support. The penalty for leaders of armed groups who use child soldiers is life imprisonment. The government agreed to the International Criminal Court’s penalty for child recruitment when it ratified the Rome Statute in 2002 but delayed application of the law to provide an incentive to all illegal groups, especially the FARC, to free recruited children. The delay remained in effect at year’s end" (Section 1).
July 10, 2012, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"SPDC’s recent response at the 7th session of the Human Rights Council in March 2008 on sexual violence against women. 'The Myanmar Military have been falsely accused of gang rape based on the report Issued by the exiles and insurgents. Rape, gang rape is regarded by Myanmar people and Government as the most dastardly crime. The insurgents and anti-government elements have been consistently making unfounded allegation against the Government. Whenever rape is committed, the Government makes sure that the perpetrators are brought to the justice and prosecuted and sentenced in accordance with existing laws of Myanmar'" (74)
July 8, 2012, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"SPDC’s recent response at the 7th session of the Human Rights Council in March 2008 on sexual violence against women. 'The Myanmar Military have been falsely accused of gang rape based on the report Issued by the exiles and insurgents. Rape, gang rape is regarded by Myanmar people and Government as the most dastardly crime. The insurgents and anti-government elements have been consistently making unfounded allegation against the Government. Whenever rape is committed, the Government makes sure that the perpetrators are brought to the justice and prosecuted and sentenced in accordance with existing laws of Myanmar'" (74)
June 27, 2012, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"Additionally, Order (auto) 092 of 2008 notes that forced displacement has had a disproportionate impact on women. Finally, Decision T-496 of 2008, orders the government to develop a protection strategy for victims of the conflict, taking into account gender-specific risks" (293)
June 12, 2012, 11:22 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) has excluded rape and sexual violence from crimes charged against leaders of the Khmer Rouge, the military government that controlled Cambodia from April 1975 through January 1979. Victims and women’s rights activists were discouraged by the ECCC’s decision, arguing that the Khmer Rouge commonly used rape as a weapon and punishment. Duong Savon of Cambodian Defenders Project’s Gender-Based Violence Project stated: “[t]hrough our research we have seen that a lot of rapes were carried out, especially by guards in prisons, and rapes before killings were common" (para 1)
June 12, 2012, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"An administrative court in Egypt ruled that the so-called "virginity tests" conducted by the military violated the human rights of women detainees. The decision addressed a military response to a demonstration on March 9, 2001, and was one of the first military actions taken after it took control over the Egyptian federal government. This marks the first attempt by the judicial branch to rule on a military activity which occurred during its rule. The court addressed a report submitted by Amnesty International on June 27, 2011 which contained a confirmation by a general on the ruling military council that women who were held by the military were examined against their ...more
June 1, 2012, 10:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1

"Protection orders in domestic violence cases failed to provide adequate protection or were not issued. Violations of such orders were rarely prosecuted. The NGO Medica Kosovo sought to amend the Law on Civilian Victims of War, to ensure that women raped during the war were given civilian victim status and eligible for compensation" (229)
June 1, 2012, 10:25 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1

"The Belgrade Special War Crimes Chamber continued to try cases arising from the wars in BiH, Croatia and Kosovo. The trial of the ethnic Albanian 'Gnjilane/Gjilan Group' continued. The group was accused of the imprisonment, torture and abuse, including rape, of 153 civilians, and the murder of at least 80 of them in 1999. Eight of the accused were tried in their absence" (227)
May 30, 2012, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-LAW-1

"In May, the UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women noted that survivors of sexual crimes 'do not want to receive economic compensation without an official apology and official recognition of State responsibility'. She considered the 'comfort women' reparation movement one of the most organized and well documented. Councils in 21 Japanese cities or towns adopted resolutions advocating apology and compensation for survivors of the 'comfort women' system" (134)
May 29, 2012, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"The courts adjudicating in those cases continued to apply the 1993 Basic Criminal Code which was not in accordance with international standards. The Code lacked clear definitions of crucial criminal concepts such as the principle of command responsibility, war crimes of sexual violence and crimes against humanity. Its application resulted in impunity for many crimes" (61)
April 19, 2012, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

“The Committee is deeply concerned about the very high number of women victims of rape during the conflicts; the impunity enjoyed by the perpetrators of such crimes; and the absence, in the post-conflict period, of an environment conducive to prosecution of sexual violence perpetrated during the conflicts. The Committee urges the State party to take comprehensive measures to provide medical and psychological support to women victims of sexual violence committed during the conflicts, and to establish counselling centres for women to address their traumatic experiences, specifically with regard to sexual violence” (6-7)
June 9, 2011, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: INFIB-SCALE-2, LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-DATA-1, SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-3, GEW-LAW-1, GEW-DATA-1

The militias came in the evening and locked us in a house. Then they said they were going to rape us, but they used the word "marry." They said they were going to marry us until we stopped breathing. Every morning they hit us 10 times. After hitting us, we got a different man. Eventually my sister said it was too much, that we needed to commit suicide. There was a river close by that my sister heard people talking about. We went to look for it so we could throw ourselves into the river and die instead of living with torture. But when we got to the river, there ...more