The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GEW-PRACTICE-1

April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about reports of severe human rights violations, including cases of gang rape and other forms of sexual violence against women, committed by members of the armed forces, as described in the report of the mapping exercise documenting the most serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed within the territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between March 1993 and June 2003 that the United Nations published in 2010, which have not been investigated by the State party, thus leading to impunity for perpetrators" (7).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"One pending allegation reported in 2016, which allegedly involved rape of a minor by military personnel deployed to the UN Operation in Cote d’Ivoire, was still under both Pakistani government and UN investigation as of October 15" (6). "The United Nations reported that as of October 15 it received two allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse against Pakistani peacekeepers for one incident alleged to have occurred in September 2016, and one allegedly continuing exploitative sexual relationship that lasted from an unspecified date in 2011 to June 2012" (6). "The TTP particularly targeted girls’ schools to demonstrate its opposition to girls’ education but also destroyed boys’ schools" (21).
March 24, 2020, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Now, after eight years of being deployed in the Central African Republic, the Ugandans are leaving behind their own trail of abuse allegations — including rape, sexual slavery and the exploitation of young girls" (para 2). "Dozens of accusations of sexual abuse have been documented by the United Nations, human rights groups and survivors themselves. It is a 'widespread problem,' said Emmanuel Daba, a local victims’ advocate investigating sexual violence by the Ugandan military. According to internal United Nations records, peacekeepers in the Central African Republic have documented allegations of the rape, sexual abuse or sexual harassment of more than 30 women and girls by Ugandan soldiers. Beyond that, they...more
Feb. 11, 2020, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"At the height of sectarian violence in Iraq in 2006 and 2007, it was clearly apparent that women’s bodies and wider gender norms and relations were used by militias to assert control in neighbourhoods, and to mark the boundaries of different religious and ethnic communities. It was also obvious that there was a link between the militarization of conflict and the increase in gender-based violence. Unfortunately, these trends have become entrenched in today’s Iraq, even if in slightly more subtle ways than a few years ago. Acute violence in the form of car bombs and targeted assassinations, as well as kidnapping, forced prostitution, trafficking and honour-based crimes are only the...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:06 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Notwithstanding the information provided by the State party concerning some steps taken to acknowledge the abuses against victims of Japan’s military sexual slavery practices during the Second World War, the so-called “comfort women”, the Committee remains deeply concerned at the State party’s failure to meet its obligations under the Convention while addressing this matter, in particular relation to: Failure to carry out effective educational measures to prevent gender-based breaches of the Convention, as illustrated, inter alia, by a decrease in references to this issue in school history textbooks... The State party’s rejection of several recommendations relevant to this issue, made in the context of the universal periodic review (A/HRC/22/14/Add.1, paras.147.145...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Sources reported there could be several hundred other men, women, and children sold or inherited as slaves in the al-Hodeida and al-Mahwit Governorates. In some instances employers forced children into domestic servitude and agricultural work (see section 7.c.) and women into domestic servitude or prostitution" (35).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Women and children living in IDP settlements were particularly vulnerable to rape by armed men, including government soldiers and militia members. Gatekeepers in control of some IDP camps reportedly forced girls and women to provide sex in exchange for food and services within the camps." (25).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"It [domestic violence against women] is an echo of the systematic rape and torture women endured during the nation's 36-year civil war, which left an indelible mark on Guatemalan society" (para 55).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor. Nevertheless, forced labor occurred. The government effectively enforced the law. Penalties for forced labor violations were sufficiently stringent to deter violations… men, women, and children were subjected to forced begging" (27).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Forced labor occurred. Men and women from Cameroon, Benin, and other neighboring countries, as well as from the Dominican Republic and Cuba, were recruited for work, and some were subsequently subjected to forced labor. Often they were not compensated as agreed upon, and their passports were confiscated. In one publicized case, a high-level member of the president’s cabinet severely beat an employee of one of his private businesses when she demanded payment. He then returned her passport and forced her to leave the country... Companies in the construction sector, among others, held the passports of their foreign workers, a possible indication of forced labor" (25).
Oct. 15, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, MARR-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Syrians that remain in the country and those living as refugees in neighboring countries are extremely vulnerable to traffickers. Syrian children are reportedly vulnerable to forced early marriages—which can lead to commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor—and children displaced within the country continue to be subjected to forced labor, particularly by organized begging rings" (451).
Sept. 20, 2019, 7:39 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Boko Haram routinely forces girls to choose between forced marriages to its fighters—for the purpose of sexual slavery—or becoming suicide bombers" (366).
Aug. 29, 2019, 11:53 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers subject Ghanaian boys and girls to forced labor within the country in fishing, domestic service, street hawking, begging, portering, artisanal gold mining, quarrying, herding, and agriculture, including cocoa" (218).
Aug. 15, 2019, 6:57 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers subject some men, women, and children working in artisanal mines in eastern DRC to forced labor, including debt bondage, by mining bosses, other miners, family members, government officials, and armed groups" (160).
Aug. 15, 2019, 6:56 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-3

"In 2016, abductions for recruitment by the Lord’s Resistance Army increased slightly, and 16 Burundian child soldiers and one Rwandan child soldier, some recruited from refugee camps, were stopped by government officials while reportedly transiting through the DRC to fight in armed groups in Burundi. Child soldiers separated from armed groups and reintegrated into society remain vulnerable to rerecruitment, as adequate rehabilitation services did not exist for children suffering severe psychological trauma, stigmatization may interfere with community reintegration. There were no confirmed cases of child soldier recruitment by the FARDC for the fourth consecutive year. An international organization verified the FARDC used children in support roles, including for sexual slavery...more
Aug. 15, 2019, 6:27 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The government reported filing 584 cases of sexual violence in military court in 2018, compared with 547 in 2017, 496 in 2016, and 68 in 2015; however, as in years past, the government did not report if the cases involved sex trafficking. In addition, the government did not report the number of trafficking prosecutions in criminal courts" (158).
Aug. 13, 2019, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"State-sponsored forced labor is increasingly prevalent in China. In 2013, the National People’s Congress ratified a decision to abolish 'Re-education through labor' (RTL), a punitive system that subjected individuals to extra-judicial detention involving forced labor, from which the government reportedly profited. The government closed most RTL facilities by October 2015; however, the government reportedly converted some RTL facilities into state-sponsored drug rehabilitation facilities or administrative detention centers where, according to civil society and media reports, forced labor continues. State-sponsored forced labor is intensifying under the government’s mass detention and political indoctrination campaign against Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) (...) A small number of Han Chinese individuals...more
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has more than 13,000 peacekeeping forces and police in CAR to protect civilians, provide security, support humanitarian operations, and promote and protect human rights, among other objectives. However, observers alleged MINUSCA peacekeepers sexually abused a CAR national during the reporting period. Observers report peacekeepers have sexually exploited over 100 victims since MINUSCA’s 2014 inception" (145)
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Government security forces, as well as rebel and militia groups (RMGs) continued to commit abuses, primarily in the east and the central Kasai region. These abuses included unlawful killings, disappearances, torture, destruction of government and private property, and SGBV. RMGs also recruited, abducted, and retained child soldiers and compelled forced labor. The government took military action against some RMGs but had limited ability to investigate abuses and bring the accused to trial (see section 1.g.) . . . State security forces (SSF) committed arbitrary or unlawful killings in operations against RMGs in the east and in the Kasai region (see section 1.g.). According to the UN Joint Office of Human...more
Aug. 7, 2019, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

" The government operates as many as 47 prisons and 49 labor camps, which it officially dubs 'agriculture and livestock breeding career training centers' and 'manufacturing centers,' respectively. The camps house more than 20,000 inmates across the country, including Rohingya and others convicted under spurious or politically motivated charges. Eighteen of these camps feature mining operations. Authorities reportedly send prisoners whose sentences do not include 'hard labor' to these labor camps in contravention of the law. Labor camp authorities also “rent out” portions of the prison population as a labor source for private companies. Political prisoners may be at elevated risk of trafficking upon release due to laws preventing them...more
July 29, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"State-sponsored forced labor continues to be an area of concern. In 2018, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Belarus, in his report to the Human Rights Council (HRC), noted that forced labor remained the most visible violation of economic and social rights in Belarus. In an observation released in 2017, the ILO Committee of Experts reported a 2010 law allows for Belarusians suffering from alcoholism or drug dependencies to be 'interned in ‘medical labor centers’ for a period of 12 to 18 months and have an obligation to work; refusing to work results in punishment, such as solitary confinement, for up to ten days'" (101).more
July 25, 2019, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"International organizations allege some Bangladeshi border guard, military, and police officials facilitate trafficking of Rohingya, including accepting bribes from traffickers to gain access to camps. Rohingya girls and boys are recruited from refugee camps to work as shop hands, fishermen, rickshaw pullers, and domestic workers in Bangladesh" (98).
July 25, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The government provided anti-trafficking training to its troops prior to their deployment as peacekeepers and provided antitrafficking training for its diplomatic personnel. During the reporting period, the UN substantiated two sex trafficking claims against two Bangladeshi peacekeepers that had taken place in 2015-2017. The UN repatriated the peacekeepers, and the Bangladeshi authorities’ investigations were pending at the end of the reporting period" (97).
July 21, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Like everyone in Yemen, women in the country have been severely affected by the war. And as a subgroup of the population, they are vulnerable to gender-based violence. In September 2016, an OXFAM report indicated that women and girls in Yemen have been subjected to violence, abuse and exploitation — including sexual — by the different armed groups since the outbreak of the conflict, particularly at checkpoints" (para 4). "Women in conflict-affected areas are often unable to access the humanitarian aid of which almost 19 million people in Yemen are in need. They are stifled by social restrictions on their freedom of movement, fear of abuse at militia-held checkpoints and...more
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The use of psychological torture by the government also reportedly increased. One commonly reported practice was detention of victims overnight in cells with corpses of previous victims. The SNHR reported that psychological torture methods included forcing prisoners to witness the rape of other prisoners, threatening the rape of family members (in particular female family members), forcing prisoners to undress, and insulting prisoners’ beliefs. Various NGOs, including HRW, AI, and the SNHR, continued to report widespread instances of rape and sexual abuse, including of minors. The COI reported receiving reports of interrogators raping and sexually abusing male detainees held in Branch 285 of the General Directorate of Intelligence in Damascus. The...more
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"In February 2016 the UN reported one allegation of sexual exploitation and abuse against a Nepali peacekeeper in South Sudan for an incident that reportedly involved three adult victims. The complainants accused the peacekeeper of sexual assault and transactional sex. The government continues to investigate the allegation" (Pg 5).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Inhuman treatment, akin to torture, by forces from the ex-Seleka, anti-Balaka, LRA, and other armed groups, including abuse and rape of civilians with impunity, resulted in deaths (see section 1.g.). The United Nations reported it had received 12 allegations (as of August 31) of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers deployed to the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), with seven alleged incidents occurring during the year, four in 2016, and one in 2014-15. These allegations involved peacekeepers from Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Mauritania, and the Republic of the Congo. Of the 12 allegations, three involved minors, 11 remained pending...more
July 13, 2019, 12:03 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The Sudanese president Omer Al Bashir has been charged by the international criminal court for crimes against humanity, particularly for his role in orchestrating mass rapes during the war in Darfur in western Sudan" (1).
July 12, 2019, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Perpetrators of sexual violence [towards women] include African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) soldiers, government security forces, and Al-Shabaab" (8). "In addition to sexual and gender-based violence, Somali girls are often victim to forced marriages with Al-Shabaab insurgents. Although forced marriage is prohibited under Article 28.5 of the PFC and explicitly condemned in the Qur’an, Al-Shabaab abducts girls while they are at school, en route, or in other public places and uses intimidation and other fear tactics to ensure the girls, their families, and school teachers comply with their demands" (8-9).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"There were credible reports security forces tortured and beat suspects. The Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) and international and local human rights organizations reported incidents of torture by security forces, including rape, severe beating, and kicking" (Pg 3). "The UPDF continued its investigation of a September 2014 Human Rights Watch report that documented 24 cases of sexual exploitation and abuse by Ugandan and Burundian AMISOM personnel. The UPDF sent two teams to Somalia to investigate the claims and identified five instances of consensual encounters. Three of those cases were linked to UPDF soldiers, who faced court martial charges for conduct prejudicial to good order and discipline under Section 178 of...more