The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GEW-PRACTICE-1

Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Forced labor occurred. Men and women from Cameroon, Benin, and other neighboring countries, as well as from the Dominican Republic and Cuba, were recruited for work, and some were subsequently subjected to forced labor. Often they were not compensated as agreed upon, and their passports were confiscated. In one publicized case, a high-level member of the president’s cabinet severely beat an employee of one of his private businesses when she demanded payment. He then returned her passport and forced her to leave the country... Companies in the construction sector, among others, held the passports of their foreign workers, a possible indication of forced labor" (25).
Oct. 15, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, MARR-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Syrians that remain in the country and those living as refugees in neighboring countries are extremely vulnerable to traffickers. Syrian children are reportedly vulnerable to forced early marriages—which can lead to commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor—and children displaced within the country continue to be subjected to forced labor, particularly by organized begging rings" (451).
Sept. 20, 2019, 7:39 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Boko Haram routinely forces girls to choose between forced marriages to its fighters—for the purpose of sexual slavery—or becoming suicide bombers" (366).
Aug. 29, 2019, 11:53 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers subject Ghanaian boys and girls to forced labor within the country in fishing, domestic service, street hawking, begging, portering, artisanal gold mining, quarrying, herding, and agriculture, including cocoa" (218).
Aug. 15, 2019, 6:57 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers subject some men, women, and children working in artisanal mines in eastern DRC to forced labor, including debt bondage, by mining bosses, other miners, family members, government officials, and armed groups" (160).
Aug. 15, 2019, 6:56 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-3

"In 2016, abductions for recruitment by the Lord’s Resistance Army increased slightly, and 16 Burundian child soldiers and one Rwandan child soldier, some recruited from refugee camps, were stopped by government officials while reportedly transiting through the DRC to fight in armed groups in Burundi. Child soldiers separated from armed groups and reintegrated into society remain vulnerable to rerecruitment, as adequate rehabilitation services did not exist for children suffering severe psychological trauma, stigmatization may interfere with community reintegration. There were no confirmed cases of child soldier recruitment by the FARDC for the fourth consecutive year. An international organization verified the FARDC used children in support roles, including for sexual slavery...more
Aug. 15, 2019, 6:27 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The government reported filing 584 cases of sexual violence in military court in 2018, compared with 547 in 2017, 496 in 2016, and 68 in 2015; however, as in years past, the government did not report if the cases involved sex trafficking. In addition, the government did not report the number of trafficking prosecutions in criminal courts" (158).
Aug. 13, 2019, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"State-sponsored forced labor is increasingly prevalent in China. In 2013, the National People’s Congress ratified a decision to abolish 'Re-education through labor' (RTL), a punitive system that subjected individuals to extra-judicial detention involving forced labor, from which the government reportedly profited. The government closed most RTL facilities by October 2015; however, the government reportedly converted some RTL facilities into state-sponsored drug rehabilitation facilities or administrative detention centers where, according to civil society and media reports, forced labor continues. State-sponsored forced labor is intensifying under the government’s mass detention and political indoctrination campaign against Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) (...) A small number of Han Chinese individuals...more
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has more than 13,000 peacekeeping forces and police in CAR to protect civilians, provide security, support humanitarian operations, and promote and protect human rights, among other objectives. However, observers alleged MINUSCA peacekeepers sexually abused a CAR national during the reporting period. Observers report peacekeepers have sexually exploited over 100 victims since MINUSCA’s 2014 inception" (145)
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Government security forces, as well as rebel and militia groups (RMGs) continued to commit abuses, primarily in the east and the central Kasai region. These abuses included unlawful killings, disappearances, torture, destruction of government and private property, and SGBV. RMGs also recruited, abducted, and retained child soldiers and compelled forced labor. The government took military action against some RMGs but had limited ability to investigate abuses and bring the accused to trial (see section 1.g.) . . . State security forces (SSF) committed arbitrary or unlawful killings in operations against RMGs in the east and in the Kasai region (see section 1.g.). According to the UN Joint Office of Human...more
Aug. 7, 2019, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

" The government operates as many as 47 prisons and 49 labor camps, which it officially dubs 'agriculture and livestock breeding career training centers' and 'manufacturing centers,' respectively. The camps house more than 20,000 inmates across the country, including Rohingya and others convicted under spurious or politically motivated charges. Eighteen of these camps feature mining operations. Authorities reportedly send prisoners whose sentences do not include 'hard labor' to these labor camps in contravention of the law. Labor camp authorities also “rent out” portions of the prison population as a labor source for private companies. Political prisoners may be at elevated risk of trafficking upon release due to laws preventing them...more
July 29, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"State-sponsored forced labor continues to be an area of concern. In 2018, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Belarus, in his report to the Human Rights Council (HRC), noted that forced labor remained the most visible violation of economic and social rights in Belarus. In an observation released in 2017, the ILO Committee of Experts reported a 2010 law allows for Belarusians suffering from alcoholism or drug dependencies to be 'interned in ‘medical labor centers’ for a period of 12 to 18 months and have an obligation to work; refusing to work results in punishment, such as solitary confinement, for up to ten days'" (101).more
July 25, 2019, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"International organizations allege some Bangladeshi border guard, military, and police officials facilitate trafficking of Rohingya, including accepting bribes from traffickers to gain access to camps. Rohingya girls and boys are recruited from refugee camps to work as shop hands, fishermen, rickshaw pullers, and domestic workers in Bangladesh" (98).
July 25, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The government provided anti-trafficking training to its troops prior to their deployment as peacekeepers and provided antitrafficking training for its diplomatic personnel. During the reporting period, the UN substantiated two sex trafficking claims against two Bangladeshi peacekeepers that had taken place in 2015-2017. The UN repatriated the peacekeepers, and the Bangladeshi authorities’ investigations were pending at the end of the reporting period" (97).
July 21, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Like everyone in Yemen, women in the country have been severely affected by the war. And as a subgroup of the population, they are vulnerable to gender-based violence. In September 2016, an OXFAM report indicated that women and girls in Yemen have been subjected to violence, abuse and exploitation — including sexual — by the different armed groups since the outbreak of the conflict, particularly at checkpoints" (para 4). "Women in conflict-affected areas are often unable to access the humanitarian aid of which almost 19 million people in Yemen are in need. They are stifled by social restrictions on their freedom of movement, fear of abuse at militia-held checkpoints and...more
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The use of psychological torture by the government also reportedly increased. One commonly reported practice was detention of victims overnight in cells with corpses of previous victims. The SNHR reported that psychological torture methods included forcing prisoners to witness the rape of other prisoners, threatening the rape of family members (in particular female family members), forcing prisoners to undress, and insulting prisoners’ beliefs. Various NGOs, including HRW, AI, and the SNHR, continued to report widespread instances of rape and sexual abuse, including of minors. The COI reported receiving reports of interrogators raping and sexually abusing male detainees held in Branch 285 of the General Directorate of Intelligence in Damascus. The...more
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"In February 2016 the UN reported one allegation of sexual exploitation and abuse against a Nepali peacekeeper in South Sudan for an incident that reportedly involved three adult victims. The complainants accused the peacekeeper of sexual assault and transactional sex. The government continues to investigate the allegation" (Pg 5).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Inhuman treatment, akin to torture, by forces from the ex-Seleka, anti-Balaka, LRA, and other armed groups, including abuse and rape of civilians with impunity, resulted in deaths (see section 1.g.). The United Nations reported it had received 12 allegations (as of August 31) of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers deployed to the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), with seven alleged incidents occurring during the year, four in 2016, and one in 2014-15. These allegations involved peacekeepers from Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Mauritania, and the Republic of the Congo. Of the 12 allegations, three involved minors, 11 remained pending...more
July 13, 2019, 12:03 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The Sudanese president Omer Al Bashir has been charged by the international criminal court for crimes against humanity, particularly for his role in orchestrating mass rapes during the war in Darfur in western Sudan" (1).
July 12, 2019, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Perpetrators of sexual violence [towards women] include African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) soldiers, government security forces, and Al-Shabaab" (8). "In addition to sexual and gender-based violence, Somali girls are often victim to forced marriages with Al-Shabaab insurgents. Although forced marriage is prohibited under Article 28.5 of the PFC and explicitly condemned in the Qur’an, Al-Shabaab abducts girls while they are at school, en route, or in other public places and uses intimidation and other fear tactics to ensure the girls, their families, and school teachers comply with their demands" (8-9).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"There were credible reports security forces tortured and beat suspects. The Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) and international and local human rights organizations reported incidents of torture by security forces, including rape, severe beating, and kicking" (Pg 3). "The UPDF continued its investigation of a September 2014 Human Rights Watch report that documented 24 cases of sexual exploitation and abuse by Ugandan and Burundian AMISOM personnel. The UPDF sent two teams to Somalia to investigate the claims and identified five instances of consensual encounters. Three of those cases were linked to UPDF soldiers, who faced court martial charges for conduct prejudicial to good order and discipline under Section 178 of...more
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is seriously concerned about the exacerbation of violence against women in the State party since the onset of the internal conflict in April 2015. It has received disturbing reports that members of the ruling party’s youth league, the Imbonerakure, have repeatedly gang-raped women who are family members of perceived opponents of the Government. It has also received reports that have consistently documented various forms of violence against women, including physical abuse, rape and other forms of sexual violence, mutilation and torture, perpetrated by the security forces, including during house searches, mass arrests and flight from the country. The Committee notes with concern the lack of demonstrated efforts by...more
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Security forces, rebel groups, and armed individuals perpetrated sexual violence against women throughout the country; the abuse was especially prevalent in the conflict areas (see section 1.g.). The UN special rapporteur on violence against women visited the country May 13 to 24. At the conclusion of her visit, she issued a statement noting that violence against women and silence around the issue was of concern in both conflict and nonconflict areas. She noted additional government attention regarding women’s access to justice was needed. She urged the government 'to set up a commission of inquiry, consisting of both national and international persons, to look into the reports of allegations of mass...more
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"There were credible reports employers forced many of the country’s 70,000 domestic workers, most of them women, to work from 12- to 16-hour days and surrender their identity documents to employers"(p. 40).
June 28, 2019, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"There were a number of credible reports of sexual violence against women in which the alleged perpetrators were armed forces personnel, police officers, army deserters, or members of militant groups. Many women did not file official complaints, however, due to fear of retaliation" (Pg 29). "Sexual harassment is a criminal offense carrying a maximum sentence of five years in prison. Some observers acknowledged widespread sexual harassment. Reports of the prevalence of 'survival sex,' whereby vulnerable women engaged in sexual acts for monetary and other kinds of support or compensation, especially with security force personnel, continued to emerge. One report noted members of the security forces approached a woman in the...more
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"In April the SPLA began a brutal offensive across the region of Greater Upper Nile lasting several months. The most common pattern involved fighting between government and opposition forces followed by reprisals against civilians. Human rights organizations reported rampant human rights violations against civilians including torture, rape, burning of victims alive, crushing victims under tanks, and wholesale destruction of villages. In May satellite imagery supported the claim that during the offensive the SPLA sent bulldozers to demolish entire villages" (Pg 14). "Government, opposition forces, and armed militias affiliated with the government and the opposition tortured, raped, and otherwise abused civilians in conflict areas. In October the head of delegation of...more
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Government forces, allied militia, men wearing uniforms, and AMISOM troops committed sexual violence, including rape (see section 1.g.). Clan leaders in the Lower Juba Region accused the IJA of committing gross human right violations, including torture. On January 6, local politician Mohamed Aden accused IJA authorities of allowing their security forces to commit rape and torture with impunity" (Pg 4). "Government forces, allied militias, men wearing uniforms, and AMISOM troops committed sexual violence, including rape, of IDPs in and around Mogadishu. Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages. A September 2014 Human Rights Watch report documented 24 cases of sexual exploitation and abuse by Ugandan and Burundian AMISOM...more
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"While much violence against women in Afghanistan occurs within families, armed groups are also a source of violence against women. These include both anti-government armed groups and armed groups that operate under government control or with government support. Numerous cases of violence against women, including rape, by the Afghan Local Police have been documented. The Afghan Local Police are a network of local defense forces created by the Afghan government in partnership with the international military. Human rights organizations including Human Rights Watch have raised serious concerns about vetting, command/control, and accountability of Afghan Local Police forces" (5).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ATC-DATA-6, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the Russian Federation is a party to the Minsk peace agreements and to the protocol to the first Minsk agreement, which are aimed at the cessation of hostilities between Ukraine and the self-proclaimed 'Donetsk people’s republic' and 'Luhansk people’s republic'. While the Committee has taken into account the explanations provided by the State party during the dialogue, it remains concerned about: (a) Reports of sexual and gender-based violence, including rape, murder, torture and ill-treatment of women, perpetrated by armed groups in the self-proclaimed 'Donetsk people’s republic' and 'Luhansk people’s republic'; (b) Reports of acts of violence and discrimination against women and allegations of reprisals against women...more
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"ISIS members committed acts of violence on a mass scale, including killings through suicide bombings and improvised explosive devices (IEDs); executions including shootings and public beheadings; use of civilians as human shields; as well as use of chemical weapons. They also engaged in kidnapping, rape, enslavement, forced marriage, and sexual violence, committing such acts against civilians from a wide variety of religious and ethnic backgrounds, including Shia, Sunnis, Kurds, Christians, Yezidis, and members of other religious and ethnic groups" (2). "According to the KRG Ministry of Endowments and Religious Affairs, authorities rescued more than 3,100 kidnapped Yezidi men, women, and children from ISIS; however, authorities believed another 3,293 Yezidis, mainly...more