The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for GIC-LAW-1

Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Law stipulates that an employer cannot refuse to conclude a labour contract with a pregnant woman, or cancel the labour contract due to her pregnancy or if she uses the maternity leave. An employer can also not cancel the labour contract with the parent who works half of the full time due to attending a child with severe development difficulties, a single parent of a child under seven years of age, or a child with severe disability, or with a person using one of the aforementioned rights. An employer cannot cancel the labour contract to an employee during the absence from work due to care for a child or...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, MULV-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-1

“amendments were adopted [that] reinforced women’s traditional role as housewives and mothers by creating an incentive for them to leave the formal labour market, as the law promised lifelong benefits to mothers with three or more children….following the annulment of the law, women who opted for such benefits will only receive them for a very limited period and are facing unemployment and a heightened risk of poverty” (11)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“[There is a] limited availability of affordable childcare facilities of adequate quality and the absence of non-transferable paternal leave, forcing many women to exit the labour force after giving birth, especially when their salary is low in comparison to the cost of childcare” (10)
July 18, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"There were three women in the 20-member cabinet" (13).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Act No. 19.161 of 1 November 2013, providing for maternity, paternity and breastfeeding leave" (page 2). "The low percentage of men exercising their paternity leave, notwithstanding the legislation that provides for paternity leave entitlements in all sectors of employment" (page 11).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In 2006, only 17 of 137 bargaining panels adopted gender clauses in the private sector, and only 3 in the public sector; in 2012, 67 per cent of the panels did adopt gender clauses (122) and 52 per cent (95) agreed to specific clauses related to the sector, ten points more than in the previous round (Table 32). The gender clauses included such benefits as: additional maternity leave . . . creation of child care options for workers’ children" (page 25). "Social security policies developed since 2005 have aimed at inclusion and formalization of new groups. Improved coverage of retirement and pensions was also sought. It is noteworthy that the...more
June 30, 2018, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"The government will spend 500 billion rubles ($8.6 billion) over three years on measures to encourage Russians to have more babies, including mortgage subsidies and payments to new and growing families, Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets told reporters Wednesday in Moscow. The money will come from government reserves and won’t require changes in the budget, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov told the upper house of parliament. The welfare program’s being rolled out a day after Putin told officials at a Kremlin meeting that Russia must do more to support new parents and create “additional incentives for the birth of the second and third child” in families to counter a looming demographic...more
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) introduced a paid parental leave scheme that since January 2011 has provided 18 weeks pay at the rate of the National Minimum Wage. Fathers and supporting partners have been entitled to two weeks’ leave since 1 January 2013" (J).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Parental Leave and Employment Protection Act 1987 provides paid leave for employees with at least six months’ continuous service with their employer and up to 52 weeks’ unpaid leave for employees with at least 12 months’ continuous service with their employer. Paid parental leave can be transferred to fathers, provided they are also eligible. Paid parental leave was extended from 14 weeks to 16 weeks on 1 April 2015 and further extended to 18 weeks on 1 April 2016. Further changes proposed to parental leave provisions came into effect on 1 April 2016 and include: Extending parental leave payments to non-standard workers and those who have recently changed jobs;...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee commends the State party on the introduction of three months’ maternity leave and the adoption of a bill on breastfeeding mothers in 2017. However, it is concerned that the need for direct payment of maternity benefits by employers may lead to discrimination against women applicants and that mothers who adopt children or who suffer miscarriages or give birth to stillborn babies are not covered by the Employment Act of 2007" (10)
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"It notes the relatively low gender wage gap in the State party (3.2 per cent) and the efforts to better reconcile work and family life and encourage shared parental responsibilities, including by instituting special forms of part-time work for mothers and fathers with children up to a certain age, introducing fully paid paternity leave and providing affordable high-quality childcare facilities" (10).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In 2015 the Australian Government announced a $4.4 billion Jobs for Families Child Care package designed to make childcare––a key barrier to women’s workforce participation—simpler, more affordable, accessible and flexible" (Pg 2). "In 2013, the Australian Government announced the first Productivity Commission Inquiry into Child Care and Early Childhood Learning since the 1990s. It examined how the current system could be made more responsive to the needs of families and the economy, and it looked at the contribution quality child care makes to workforce participation and children’s learning and development" (Pg 20-21). "The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) provides two payments for working parents who care for a newborn...more
April 26, 2018, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children, to manage their reproductive health, and to have the information and means to do so free from discrimination, coercion, or violence" (11). Government does not intervene in child-bearing among citizens (AA CODER COMMENT).
April 25, 2018, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children, to manage their reproductive health, and to have the information and means to do so free from discrimination, coercion, or violence" (11). Government does not intervene in child-bearing among citizens (AA CODER COMMENT).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The government continued to encourage couples to have no more than two children. While the law does not prohibit or provide penalties for those having more than two children, some CPV members reported informally administered repercussions, including restrictions on job promotion (see section 6, Women)" (21). "The Population and Reproductive Health Strategy for 2011-20 applies to all citizens and strives to maintain the average number of children per reproductive-age couple at 1.8. The government, primarily through broad media campaigns, maintained its strong encouragement of family planning. A decree issued by the Politburo subjects CPV members to reprimand if they have three children, removes them from a ranking position if they...more
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Today, through progressive legislation reforms that...provide for maternity leave" (4). "An additional provision in the Promulgation caters for the rights of women on maternity leave" (22-23). "Rights of women on maternity leave 101. — (1) A woman employed in a workplace who expects to give birth is entitled to maternity leave and abstain from work for a period of 84 consecutive days subject to providing her employer with a certificate from a registered medical practitioner or registered nurse specifying the possible date of birth. (2) A woman is entitled to paid maternity leave as follows — (a) for the first 3 births, to the normal remuneration she would have received...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The continued lack of affordable childcare facilities and the lack of family-friendly working models and paternity leave" (Pg 13).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Maternity Leave Regulation (2011), which provides for 105 days of maternity leave for women working in both the public and private sectors" (Pg 2).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The granting of maternity leave on full pay, post-delivery leave and nursing leave and leave to look after a sick child are not held to be discrimination but, rather, a right accorded to women that is consistent with their human nature" (12). "As regards maternity leave, article 24 of the act stipulates: A pregnant working woman shall be entitled to paid maternity leave of 70 days, not to be calculated as part of her other leaves, provided that she gives birth within this period. At the end of the maternity leave, the employer may give the working woman, at her request, unpaid leave for a period not exceeding four months...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

The Committee welcomes the adoption of Laws Nos. 266 and 267 of 2014 extending maternity leave in the public and private sectors to 10 weeks with full pay. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of measures to promote the concept of shared family responsibilities and to combat the difficulties that women face in combining work and family responsibilities" (pg 9).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Article 55 of the Civil Servants Regulations of 23 August 2006 stipulates that 'a female civil servant is entitled by law to fourteen weeks maternity leave divided into two parts: one before and one after giving birth.' Furthermore, Article 122 of the Labour Code stipulates that 'Any pregnant woman whose state of health is certified by a physician may suspend work without prior notice'" (20). "Since April 2010, performance-based financing built into reimbursement of the cost-free care package for women who are pregnant or giving birth has been extended, on an equal footing, to the whole of the country and has helped improve the quality of services provided for women"...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-5, DLB-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee is concerned about the high rates of unemployment among women in the State party. It also notes with concern the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the low representation of women in managerial positions in the private sector. The Committee is also concerned that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, it has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization. It is further concerned at the lack of statistical data on cases of sexual harassment in the workplace and measures taken to address it. In addition, the Committee is concerned that...more
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"He backs strict limits on access to abortion, comparing the procedure to airstrikes on civilians, and regularly urges women to have up to five children to stave off the economic effects of a graying population" (para 14).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the 2009-2015 plan for the implementation of the National Gender Equality and Equity Strategy, which includes measures for economic empowerment and autonomy of women. It remains concerned, however, about: (a) The persistent gender wage gap and occupational segregation of women and men; (b) The high unemployment rate among women and the concentration of women in the informal sector; (c) The absence of legal provisions explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace; (d) The existence of discriminatory legal provisions allocating child benefits only to the father (art. 21 of the Code of Social Security), excluding the children of a deceased employed woman from her pension...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee is also concerned about the non-compliance by the private sector with the provisions of the Employment Act that provide for 12 weeks of maternity leave. . . . The Committee calls upon the State party: . . . (c) To conduct regular labour inspections and enforce compliance with labour laws by private employers, especially in relation to maternity leave" (page 9).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Parental benefit is granted on the basis of labour force participation in the months preceding the commencement of parental leave. Both women and men can earn parental benefit rights. In cases where only the father is entitled to parental benefit, he may only receive it if the mother is employed or engaged in studies or similar activities. Women who are not entitled to parental benefit receive a lump-sum grant after giving birth. The lump-sum grant has increased by a total of 25 per cent in the past two years" (17). "In December 2012, the Storting amended the Gender Equality Act to clarify employee rights with regard to parental leave. The...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"[The Civil Service Law] further entitles her to: sick leave for a number of conditions resulting from pregnancy, postpartum leave and leave to care for a newborn; and to maternity leave for up to three years throughout her employment according to the arrangement mentioned in article 22 of the Leave Regulations. The Labour Law grants women working in the private sector the right to request maternity leave to care for a newborn, leave to accompany a sick relative requiring treatment or to be with a child" (39). "Under the aforesaid amendments, women may also distribute their fully paid maternity leave as they wish, starting such leave as early as four...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Federal Work Law (LFT) was reformed, incorporating concepts such as substantive equality, salary equality, decent work, prohibition of assault and labor and sexual harassment, non-discrimination, paternity and vocational training, among others. The current law protects equality, eliminates discrimination against women and guarantees the exercise of their rights and occupational liberties, as well as access to the same opportunities; it incorporates new prohibitions for the employers, such as requiring medical certificates of non-pregnancy, or coercing a pregnant worker into resigning. It regulates maternity leave, permitting the transfer of up to four of the six weeks pre-birth to the postpartum period, as well as schedule modifications for lactating mothers. Not withstanding,...more
March 7, 2018, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Italy does offer generous maternity leave policies, but there are few safety nets once that leave is over" (para 16).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Female employees can get 91 days (3 months) of maternity with full pay. This period can be extended if the employer gives consent (Section 29 of the Employment Act, 2007). The maternity leave is awarded with full pay and is financed by the employer (Section 29 of the Employment Act, 2007). Similarly, a female worker has the right to return to same job/position (or some other similar and suitable position) after availing her maternity leave (Section 29.2 of the Employment Act, 2007)" (29).