The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-1

Oct. 12, 2018, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"On 27th of February, the Lower House’s Labour Committee submitted several amendments on the draft Labour Law to the Parliament to make it more gender sensitive. They included a two-day paternity leave for fathers" (para 10). This will in turn help mothers since they will not be the sole child-care provider, however this is not a very long leave (KYK-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 12, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Nearly three years ago, China ended its one-child policy, increasing the limit to two. Now, they're considering discarding the child-bearing limits all together. The move is causing a lot of debate in the country because these potentially modernizing policies haven't meant the end of controlling women's bodies in China" (para 1). "'To put it bluntly, the birth of a baby is not only a matter of the family itself, but also a state affair,' the ruling party's newspaper People’s Daily wrote this week, via the The New York Times. But as the Times reported, young Chinese women are making many of the same decisions as their American counterparts. In short,...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"'Women’s power to decide whether they become mothers or not is violated,' said Magdymar León, psychologist and coordinator at AVESA, a local NGO focusing on sexual health. 'It’s some sort of forced maternity'" (para 5). "The government’s positions on reproductive health are contradictory. On one hand, it offers stipends to pregnant women and for every new child born, even as Venezuela holds the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in Latin America. Inflation has rendered these already small stipends minuscule – 700,000 bolivars ($0.39) per pregnancy and 1 million bolivars ($0.56) per newborn — but León argues that they have contributed to a culture that encourages motherhood at any age. 'It’s...more
Oct. 4, 2018, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Japan now provides free education, has expanded nursery care, and allows fathers to take paternity leave in order to tackle the problem" (para 24).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2

"In 2010, the provincial government in Fukui launched a dating Web site called Fukui Marriage-Hunting Cafe, and couples who met on the site and eventually married received cash and gifts" (para. 12).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:45 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, GIC-LAW-1

"As far as state sponsors of matchmaking go, Iran isn’t alone. Taiwan’s Interior Ministry organizes matchmaking activities" (para. 11). it shows the need of the government to make couples get married so, the actual figures are less than the needed (JSM -code comment).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The government has made other moves in response to declining birthrates, which, according to state estimates, stands at 1.8 children per woman, below the 2.1 needed to replenish the population as people die. Last year, the state banned vasectomies and permanent forms of birth control in women. Officials such as Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, have publicly called for Iranians to have more babies to repudiate “undesirable aspects of Western lifestyles" (para. 10).
Oct. 2, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"As many as 12 million Indian women could lose their jobs next year thanks to a new law that mandates employers must allow 26 weeks paid time off after giving birth. There have been worries about the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act since it was passed in March 2017, bumping paid leave up from the previous 12 weeks and making day care centers mandatory for companies with more than 50 employees" (para 1-2). "If the government wants to start breaking down the familial burdens placed on women, equalizing leave is a good place to start. 'The law should entitle parents to shared leave, which can be split between a couple in...more
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Article 84 prohibits an employer from dismissing a female worker for absences due to pregnancy maternity as substantiated by a medical certificate. Under the same article, an employer must allow such a worker to return to her job, provided her total absence does not exceed six months. Article 86 requires an employer who employs one or more female workers to place a copy of the Regulations on the Employment of Women in the workplace. The General Federation of Oman Trade Unions, as part of its efforts concerning rights and union activity, collaborated on a series of proposals concerning working women in the new draft labour law, including an increase in...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children, to manage their reproductive health, and to have the information and means to do so free from discrimination, coercion, or violence" (11). Government does not intervene in child-bearing among citizens (AA CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The government continued to encourage couples to have no more than two children. While the law does not prohibit or provide penalties for those having more than two children, some CPV members reported informally administered repercussions, including restrictions on job promotion (see section 6, Women)" (21). "The Population and Reproductive Health Strategy for 2011-20 applies to all citizens and strives to maintain the average number of children per reproductive-age couple at 1.8. The government, primarily through broad media campaigns, maintained its strong encouragement of family planning. A decree issued by the Politburo subjects CPV members to reprimand if they have three children, removes them from a ranking position if they...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"There were three women in the 20-member cabinet" (13).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“The Paternity Leave and Benefit Act, in 2016, which introduced paid statutory leave for new fathers” (1)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 provides up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave in a given year to care for a newborn or a newly adopted or fostered child, to address one’s own serious health condition, or to care for a family member with a serious health condition; 26 weeks of leave are available for care of an injured service member” (86)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“In 40 states workers lack statutory rights to paid family and medical leave and do not have a statutory right to paid sick days on the job” (89)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“State laws and voluntary employer benefits are only partially filling the vacuum left by a lack of federal laws. Nearly 40 percent of all women workers, and about half of Hispanic women workers, do not have access to any paid sick time (Figure 3.1). Part-time workers (the majority of whom are women) are only rarely covered by paid leave benefits of any kind (Figure 3.2). Less than half of all employed women (41 percent) received paid maternity leave before or after the birth of their child” (88)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“The United States is one of only two countries in the world without a national paid maternity leave law, and one of a small minority of high-income countries that does not require employers to provide paid sick days” (86)
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Social Security Law of 31 August 2012, which ensures that women and men enjoy, on an equal basis, the benefits of new insurance programmes, including the provision of maternity insurance for women" (page 2). "In May and August 2015, the State party adopted the Buddhist Women Special Law, the Population Control and Health-Care Law, the Religious Conversion Law and the Monogamy Law, which discriminate against women and have a negative impact on the enjoyment of their rights under the Convention" (page 4) (Coder comment: the Population Control and Health-Care Law places restrictions on birth spacing, including an enforced 36-month interval between children and forced contraception - ARR). "The Committee notes...more
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Law stipulates that an employer cannot refuse to conclude a labour contract with a pregnant woman, or cancel the labour contract due to her pregnancy or if she uses the maternity leave. An employer can also not cancel the labour contract with the parent who works half of the full time due to attending a child with severe development difficulties, a single parent of a child under seven years of age, or a child with severe disability, or with a person using one of the aforementioned rights. An employer cannot cancel the labour contract to an employee during the absence from work due to care for a child or...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, MULV-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-1

“amendments were adopted [that] reinforced women’s traditional role as housewives and mothers by creating an incentive for them to leave the formal labour market, as the law promised lifelong benefits to mothers with three or more children….following the annulment of the law, women who opted for such benefits will only receive them for a very limited period and are facing unemployment and a heightened risk of poverty” (11)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“[There is a] limited availability of affordable childcare facilities of adequate quality and the absence of non-transferable paternal leave, forcing many women to exit the labour force after giving birth, especially when their salary is low in comparison to the cost of childcare” (10)
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Act No. 19.161 of 1 November 2013, providing for maternity, paternity and breastfeeding leave" (page 2). "The low percentage of men exercising their paternity leave, notwithstanding the legislation that provides for paternity leave entitlements in all sectors of employment" (page 11).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In 2006, only 17 of 137 bargaining panels adopted gender clauses in the private sector, and only 3 in the public sector; in 2012, 67 per cent of the panels did adopt gender clauses (122) and 52 per cent (95) agreed to specific clauses related to the sector, ten points more than in the previous round (Table 32). The gender clauses included such benefits as: additional maternity leave . . . creation of child care options for workers’ children" (page 25). "Social security policies developed since 2005 have aimed at inclusion and formalization of new groups. Improved coverage of retirement and pensions was also sought. It is noteworthy that the...more
June 30, 2018, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"The government will spend 500 billion rubles ($8.6 billion) over three years on measures to encourage Russians to have more babies, including mortgage subsidies and payments to new and growing families, Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets told reporters Wednesday in Moscow. The money will come from government reserves and won’t require changes in the budget, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov told the upper house of parliament. The welfare program’s being rolled out a day after Putin told officials at a Kremlin meeting that Russia must do more to support new parents and create “additional incentives for the birth of the second and third child” in families to counter a looming demographic...more
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) introduced a paid parental leave scheme that since January 2011 has provided 18 weeks pay at the rate of the National Minimum Wage. Fathers and supporting partners have been entitled to two weeks’ leave since 1 January 2013" (J).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Parental Leave and Employment Protection Act 1987 provides paid leave for employees with at least six months’ continuous service with their employer and up to 52 weeks’ unpaid leave for employees with at least 12 months’ continuous service with their employer. Paid parental leave can be transferred to fathers, provided they are also eligible. Paid parental leave was extended from 14 weeks to 16 weeks on 1 April 2015 and further extended to 18 weeks on 1 April 2016. Further changes proposed to parental leave provisions came into effect on 1 April 2016 and include: Extending parental leave payments to non-standard workers and those who have recently changed jobs;...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee commends the State party on the introduction of three months’ maternity leave and the adoption of a bill on breastfeeding mothers in 2017. However, it is concerned that the need for direct payment of maternity benefits by employers may lead to discrimination against women applicants and that mothers who adopt children or who suffer miscarriages or give birth to stillborn babies are not covered by the Employment Act of 2007" (10)
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"It notes the relatively low gender wage gap in the State party (3.2 per cent) and the efforts to better reconcile work and family life and encourage shared parental responsibilities, including by instituting special forms of part-time work for mothers and fathers with children up to a certain age, introducing fully paid paternity leave and providing affordable high-quality childcare facilities" (10).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In 2015 the Australian Government announced a $4.4 billion Jobs for Families Child Care package designed to make childcare––a key barrier to women’s workforce participation—simpler, more affordable, accessible and flexible" (Pg 2). "In 2013, the Australian Government announced the first Productivity Commission Inquiry into Child Care and Early Childhood Learning since the 1990s. It examined how the current system could be made more responsive to the needs of families and the economy, and it looked at the contribution quality child care makes to workforce participation and children’s learning and development" (Pg 20-21). "The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) provides two payments for working parents who care for a newborn...more
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Today, through progressive legislation reforms that...provide for maternity leave" (4). "An additional provision in the Promulgation caters for the rights of women on maternity leave" (22-23). "Rights of women on maternity leave 101. — (1) A woman employed in a workplace who expects to give birth is entitled to maternity leave and abstain from work for a period of 84 consecutive days subject to providing her employer with a certificate from a registered medical practitioner or registered nurse specifying the possible date of birth. (2) A woman is entitled to paid maternity leave as follows — (a) for the first 3 births, to the normal remuneration she would have received...more