The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-1

July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Women who work in establishments with 50 or more female employees have the right to maternity leave and childcare" (51).
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has introduced minimum pension benefits and extended the period of maternity leave for single mothers" (11).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, GIC-LAW-1

"Representation of women in public life, however, was very low. Women constituted 10 percent of members of parliament, and there were no female ministers. Only 13 percent of sub-cabinetlevel government state secretaries were women. In May 2016 the UN Working Group on the Issue of Discrimination against Women in Law and in Practice, in a statement following an official visit, noted 'pervasive and severe gender stereotyping of women which undoubtedly contributed to their low level of political participation.' The working group expressed concern over 'some public officials who legitimize and justify the low representation of women in politics'" (Pg 23).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Employment, Parental Leave and Other Measures Act 2013, which extends maternity protection to the full duration of pregnancy… The Committee notes with appreciation the initiatives taken by the State party to promote gender equality and protect the rights of women, such as the introduction of two weeks of paid paternity leave" (2). "The Committee welcomes the initiatives introduced by the State party to reconcile the private and professional lives of women, such as the WorkPro scheme, which provides financial incentives to employers to implement... the establishment of more childcare facilities and the extension of maternity leave to unmarried women" (8).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Constitution (Article 46) recognizes maternity as a social function and guarantees women’s rights to leave and benefits, as outlined by measures to protect women’s maternity rights defined in the 1997 Labour Law. These rights include leave entitlements (90 days), wages (half pay) and perquisites, additional one hour per day for breastfeeding, and restrictions on heavy labor following return to work. Female public service officials are entitled to three-month maternity leave with full pay, and those with children under 1 year of age are entitled to leave work one hour early with full pay" (36):
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee welcomes… the adoption of the… Bangladesh Labour (Amendment) Act (2013), increasing maternity leave to six months… Domestic Workers Protection and Welfare Policy, providing legal protection, including access to… maternity leave" (1-2). "The Committee welcomes the Bangladesh Labour (Amendment) Act and the Labour Policy of 2013, which extend maternity leave to six months, but remains concerned that the six-month period is not being fully implemented and that discrimination against pregnant women persists in the private sector" (9).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Women also faced discrimination related to maternity leave" (page 33).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The code considers men to be heads of household, preventing women from taking legal responsibility for their children. In addition, any childhood benefits are paid to the father" (page 16).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The law offers no specific legal protection against discriminatory hiring practices due to marital status. Discrimination against women reportedly was common throughout the government, but sometimes went unaddressed. NGO workers noted that this was largely due to the lack of employment opportunities and a fear of retaliation among victims. No reliable data was available on the problem. Women also were disadvantaged in pursuing job opportunities due to cultural norms, stereotypes, and an overall lower level of qualifications or education. Additionally, some reported that pregnant women did not receive the protections guaranteed by the labor code" (Pg 25).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (page 17).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Act No. 5344 establishing maternity leave for women in elected positions, in 2014" (2). "Non-compliance with the legislation promoting and protecting maternity, especially with regard to maternity protection and inequitable distribution of domestic and care work between women and men, forcing many women to take low-income jobs in the informal sector" (10).
June 24, 2019, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Laws and regulations prohibit direct or indirect discrimination with respect to employment or occupation regarding race, nationality, gender, disability, and sexual orientation. The government did not effectively enforce these laws or regulations. Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to race, gender, disability, sexual orientation, and HIV-positive status submitted to the Equality Authority in 2013 concerned allegations of discriminatory treatment of pregnant women in the workplace and 15 percent of the complaints concerned alleged dismissal of pregnant women" (Pg 29-30).
June 23, 2019, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"For the 2016 presidential election, CENI had no female members" (p. 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Although some educated women held positions of authority in government, business, and the media, many women faced job discrimination based on cultural norms. The law entitles women to paid maternity leave and equal pay for equal work. The government, the largest employer of women, observed such regulations, as did many private-sector employers. Economic studies conducted by the World Economic Forum from 2015, however, showed that women earned 68 percent less than men and that their unemployment rate was at least twice as high. According to the forum, only 31 percent of women participated in the work force" (Pg 16).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Rothna Begum, senior women’s rights researcher at Human Rights Watch, said: 'It is a widely known issue that babies are left on the street. It is a crime to have children outside of wedlock. If you have managed to escape the authorities noticing you are pregnant, women may choose to abandon babies to avoid crime and punishment, and the stigma and shame of being excluded from their families'" (para 18).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"The country continued to have deaths related to unsafe abortion, maternal mortality, and coercive family planning practices, including coerced or unethical sterilization and policies restricting access to entitlements for women with more than two children. Policies and guideline initiatives penalizing families with more than two children remained in place in seven states, but some authorities did not enforce them. Certain states maintained government reservations for government jobs and subsidies for adults with no more than two children and reduced subsidies and access to health care for those who have more than two. Rajasthan, one of 11 states to adopt a two-child limit for elected officials at the local level, was...more
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The CCP restricts the rights of parents to choose the number of children they have and utilizes family planning units from the provincial to the village level to enforce population limits and distributions. A two-child policy was officially implemented as of January 2016. The Population and Family Planning Law permits married couples to have two children and allows couples to apply for permission to have a third child if they meet conditions stipulated in local and provincial regulations. (...) Citizens are subject to hefty fines for violating the law, while couples who have only one child receive a certificate entitling them to collect a monthly incentive payment and other benefits...more
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The law generally provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, with three exceptions: first, some elements of customary family law provide for different treatment of women, such as providing different grounds for divorce and different divorce procedures; second, the property law of a marriage is based solely on the domicile of the husband at the time of the marriage; and third the law grants maternity leave to mothers but not paternity leave to fathers" (Pg 15).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"In July 2017 the Cabinet of Ministers approved a Diploma establishing the measures for social and educational support to school girls/students during pregnancy, after child birth and while breastfeeding, aimed at their continued access to education in quality conditions, at all educational levels (basic, secondary, professional training, higher education). In particular: the right to 60 days of maternity leave after child birth; leave before childbirth in clinical risk situations; a special regime of leave postpartum (justified leave for consultation, illness and assistance to the baby); and adjustments of evaluation rules according to need (deadlines and modalities)" (19).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The participation and contribution of fathers slightly increased as a result of current child allowance provisions. A reform of child allowance legislation, which became effective on 1 March 2017, changed the current system. While formerly four different general child allowance options were available, the system is now based on a child allowance account. This will add flexibility, freedom of choice and fairness to the child allowance system. Furthermore, a partner bonus will be introduced as an additional incentive for sharing childcare and household work. Both parents receive a one-off payment of 500 euros each if they are granted child allowance for roughly the same time, i.e. the period during which...more
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The law grants prenatal and postnatal maternity leave. A mother is entitled up to three years of unpaid maternity leave" (p. 29).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Federal law on employment, which prohibits job advertisements containing requirements of gender, age and marital status, in 2013, and the adoption of a number of measures aimed at assisting pregnant women and women on maternity leave" (1-2).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the generally high rate of labour force participation of women in the State party and the various measures taken to facilitate the reconciliation of family and work life, including the establishment of a parental insurance scheme, combined with an extensive system of public child and old age care and improved rules on parental benefits" (10).
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The fact that women take more hours of parental leave per week than men, notwithstanding the increase in the number of days of parental leave to which men are entitled" (10).
May 21, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Montenegro of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for women and men relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (115).
May 21, 2019, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Mongolia of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for women and men relatve to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (115).
May 21, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in Mozambique of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for men and women relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (116).
May 21, 2019, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Morocco of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between the leave reserved for women and men relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (116).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Myanmar of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a diference of 1 between leave reserved for women and men relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (117).
May 20, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in Namibia of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for men and women relative to leave reserved for women. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (117).