The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-1

Feb. 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"On May 27th, 2015, the Minister of Health Beatrice Lorenzin announced a national ‘Piano per la fertilità’ (Fertility Plan). The main goal of the Plan is 'placing Fertility at the centre in our country’s health and educational policies'. Unlike the Anti-Violence Plan (sse paras. 1.3 and 1.4 of this report), for its implementation the Fertility Plan received the conspicuous sum of €150,000. Such policy is directly discriminatory, as the Government is devoting a more intense effort, in terms of advertising and funding, to incentive the maternal role of women, instead than tackling the prejudices relating to the traditional role of women within the society and eradicate domestic and witnessed violence. ...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The recognition of motherhood as a social function is a principle that underpins civil service laws and the work of women civil servants and workers, affording them specific social protection and rights, such as paid maternity leave and paid breastfeeding breaks" (17). "The above-mentioned acts provide for the right of public and private employees to fully paid maternity leave both before and after childbirth" (43). "Female employees receive leave with full pay for a period of 10 consecutive weeks before and after giving birth. An employee who is nursing has the right to leave work one hour before closing for a year following the birth of the child" (44). "Female ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Equality Ombudsman takes up the Parental Leave Act and its prohibition of the disadvantaging of people on parental leave in all courses for the social partners" (page 10). "Pregnancy benefit can be paid to a woman at the end of her pregnancy if she has a physically demanding job that reduces her work capacity. A pregnant employee who is prohibited from continuing to work on account of risks in her work environment may also be entitled to pregnancy benefit. As of 1 January 2014 pregnant self-employed persons are also covered by the right to pregnancy benefit on account of risks in their work environment. In 2012 some 20 per ...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that […] That women continue to be ineligible to receive family benefits or a parenthood deduction from the single tax on wages and salaries, which are automatically granted to fathers," (9).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Amendments to the Civil Service Code, in 2013, granting male employees paternity leave and female employees a daily nursing hour for nine months following maternity leave" (Pg 2).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Act No. 26.862 of 5 June 2013, guarantee[s] access to all scientific methods of assisted fertilization" (2). "The committee acknowledges...the adoption in 2013 of Act No. 26.862 on assisted fertilization" (12).
Jan. 19, 2018, 6:30 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In the 1970s and 1980s, as South Korea’s population grew rapidly, the government mounted a campaign to control the birthrate, issuing propaganda posters with slogans like 'It’s too crowded in Korea' and 'Even two is too much'" (para 22).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"From the 1950s, women were entitled to maternity leave allowance paid by National Insurance, protection against dismissal during pregnancy and affordable childcare facilites, aimed to enable women to have secured employment while maintaining family life" (13).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals generally have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; manage their reproductive health; and have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence"(17)
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-DATA-2, GIC-LAW-1

"Young Vietnamese women are valuable commodities in China, where the one-child policy and long-standing preference for sons has heavily skewed the gender ratio" (para 6).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Chinese women and their families were thrilled about the prospect of bearing a second child, when the universal two-child policy was officially adopted in 2016. However, due to various concerns, many women are reluctant to bear a second child, even though the new family planning policy allows them to do so" (para 1). "The potential conflict between employment and reproduction is one of important factors that women have to take into consideration when they plan to have a second child. Therefore, the government and relevant departments need to introduce relevant supporting measures to better implement the policy and relieve women's worries in relation to childbearing and work" (para 2).more
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"Of the MGNREGA [National Rural Employment Guarantee Act], it has been reported that despite incorporation of a provision which 'in the event that there are at least five children under the age of 6 at the worksite, one of the female workers should be deputed to look after them and she should be paid the same wage as other NREGA workers,' most women joining the program are discouraged from bringing children to work. A social audit on the implementation of the MGNREGA revealed that 70% of the women interviewed had no access to child-care services at the worksite, and 65% of them were unaware of this guaranteed right (Nayaranan 2008, ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: BR-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-1

"The 2015 White Paper on Human Rights in North Korea, published by the Korea Institute for National Unification (KINU), a South Korean government-affiliated think tank, and the 2014 UN Commission of Inquiry (COI) report stated that officials had in some cases prohibited live births in prison and ordered forced abortions as recently as 2013. The KINU white paper found that, in some cases of live birth, the prison guards killed the infant or left the baby to die, and reported cases of guards sexually abusing or exploiting female prisoners"(2-3)
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"[Iman] Assaf noted that the laws in the guideline comply with the 2000 Palestinian Labor Law No. 7, the 2012 Minimum Wage Law ($370/month) and the 2016 Social Security Law No. 6, which guaranteed working women in the private and public sectors the right to a social security paid maternity leave. Assaf expects female employment to increase when the Social Security Law is implemented at the end of October, because the employer won’t have to pay maternity leave expenses — which will be paid by the social security fund. Many employers refuse to employ women due to the likelihood of pregnancy and the subsequent financial burden on the company"(para 10-11)."[Iman] ...more
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"'India is still a developing country. Countries like Norway can afford to give mothers a year’s maternity leave now but they didn’t have that while they were still developing,' [Rupa] Subramanya said"(para 15)
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: France, United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"According to women’s groups, the new rules – which raise maternity leave from 12 to 26 weeks, putting India ahead of France and the US – will apply only to a small fraction of the female workforce"(para 2)
Oct. 31, 2017, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"According to women’s groups, the new rules – which raise maternity leave from 12 to 26 weeks, putting India ahead of France and the US – will apply only to a small fraction of the female workforce.'It’s as if, for the government, 95% of India’s women don’t even exist,' said Juin Dutta, from Paatshala, a group helping impoverished female handicraft workers. She pointed out that the extension will only apply to women in the formal sector, which amounts to just 5% of India’s working women"(para 2-3)."But most Indian women will never reap the benefits [of the maternity leave bill], according to the International Labour Organisation. 'India’s informal economy is huge, ...more
Oct. 11, 2017, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Even as China relaxes its one-child policy, the traditional preference for boys still means many will not be satisfied without a son"(para 1)."According to the ban on fetus sex tests and sex-selective abortions released by the National Health and Family Planning Commission in May 2016, any organizations or individuals involved in either of these practices would be punished.'Enterprises that sell or rent equipment for B-ultrasound or chromosome detection to unqualified organizations or individuals will be asked to reform and fined 10,000 to 30,000 yuan,' read the regulation"(para 19-20)."'Although China relaxed the one-child policy in October 2015,which could help decrease the ratio imbalance to some extent, many couples who have had ...more
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The über-mother of German lore has roots in the country’s difficult history. The Nazis awarded medals to women who bore multiple children. Then came Germany’s division: The West revived the 19th century maxim of Kinder, Küche, Kirche — children, kitchen, church, while in the East, the Communists set up free day-care centers" (para 26). "Schools, which traditionally closed at lunchtime, relying on stay-at-home mothers, have gradually lengthened their hours. Child care, once anathema for children under 3, has been vastly extended. A paid parental leave has been introduced that nudges fathers to take at least two months" (para 32).
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:06 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The state offers a number of financial benefits and incentives to families raising children" (para 3). "In his recent statement on demography, he repeated a thesis of 20 million Belarusians, demanding from the officials on all levels to prioritise raising birth rates and create more employment opportunities" (para 9). "So far, Belarus has initiated the pension reform and launched a demographic safety program, supporting families with children. In the long term, the plan to double the population numbers aims to sustain current social model" (para 12).
Sept. 8, 2017, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The government observed ‘Vasectomy Fortnight’ between November 21 and December 4 with the hope to create awareness about male sterilisation and, more importantly, to facilitate district administrations reach sterilisation targets through campaigns" (para 3). "With an annual target of 2,500 vasectomies this year — the district’s count stands at 5" (para 4). "The State paid them Rs.1,100 each for undergoing sterilisation while the 24,000 women who underwent sterilisation were paid Rs.880 per person" (para 4). "Experts maintain that the gap between vasectomy targets and achievements remain unchanged over the years even as country’s fertility and birth rates continue to fall, driven mainly by female sterilisation" (para 9). "The State’s health ...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

“Their [family planning workers’] workload has declined … since the government ended the one-child policy” (para 12).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Countries have recognized the problem [low birth rates] and recently snapped into action. ... Italy increased bonuses for having babies and backed labor laws granting more flexible parental leave" (para 17).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Countries have recognized the problem [of low birth rates] and recently snapped into action. Spain appointed a so-called sex czar in February to forge a national fertility action plan and address population declines in rural areas" (para 17).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"France offers a monthly family benefit of 130 euros (about $138) per child after the second child" (para 16).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

“The lower birthrates have been aggravated by fiscal pressures that constrained countries from offering robust family support programs. Whereas France offers a monthly family benefit of 130 euros (about $138) per child after the second child, Greece provides just 40 euros” (para 16). “Struggling to manage a recovery after nearly eight years of recession, the government cannot make the fertility drop a top priority. Child tax breaks and subsidies for large families were weakened under Greece’s austerity-linked international financial bailouts. State-financed child care became means-tested and is hard to get for women seeking work. Greece now has the lowest budget in the European Union for family and child benefits” (para ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

¨... research shows that women are more likely to return to work after childbirth when given at least twelve weeks of leave and when they can arrange a flexible work schedule. However, in the case of Japan, where mothers and fathers may take combined leave of up to fourteen months, some mothers feel the ´mommy track´ is too slow.Since 2013, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has made increasing women’s labor force participation a core component of his economic growth plan. Known as 'womenomics,' research has suggested that this strategy could boost Japan’s GDP by 15 percent and help expand the country’s shrinking labor force¨(para 2-3)."Consequently, despite having one of the most ...more
Aug. 1, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The governing Justice and Development Party has been closely concerned with family affairs. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has led a campaign for Turks to have at least three children, while the government has introduced incentives for marrying early, including while still at university, and gold-coin awards for each newborn baby" (para 3).
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

Figure 3.2 shows the change in the percent of full and part-time workers with access to paid family leave from 1992/3 to 2012. In 1992/3, only 2% of full-time workers had paid family leave and that number increased to only 13% in 2012. For part-time workers, only 1% had paid family leave in 1992/3 and that increased to 4% in 2012 (89)
May 25, 2017, 12:18 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1

"The Chinese government announced that it will change its controversial one-child policy to a two-child policy per couple in order to balance population development and address the challenge of an ageing population" (p 2)