The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-1

Sept. 8, 2017, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The government observed ‘Vasectomy Fortnight’ between November 21 and December 4 with the hope to create awareness about male sterilisation and, more importantly, to facilitate district administrations reach sterilisation targets through campaigns" (para 3). "With an annual target of 2,500 vasectomies this year — the district’s count stands at 5" (para 4). "The State paid them Rs.1,100 each for undergoing sterilisation while the 24,000 women who underwent sterilisation were paid Rs.880 per person" (para 4). "Experts maintain that the gap between vasectomy targets and achievements remain unchanged over the years even as country’s fertility and birth rates continue to fall, driven mainly by female sterilisation" (para 9). "The State’s health ...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

“Their [family planning workers’] workload has declined … since the government ended the one-child policy” (para 12).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Countries have recognized the problem [low birth rates] and recently snapped into action. ... Italy increased bonuses for having babies and backed labor laws granting more flexible parental leave" (para 17).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Countries have recognized the problem [of low birth rates] and recently snapped into action. Spain appointed a so-called sex czar in February to forge a national fertility action plan and address population declines in rural areas" (para 17).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"France offers a monthly family benefit of 130 euros (about $138) per child after the second child" (para 16).
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

“The lower birthrates have been aggravated by fiscal pressures that constrained countries from offering robust family support programs. Whereas France offers a monthly family benefit of 130 euros (about $138) per child after the second child, Greece provides just 40 euros” (para 16). “Struggling to manage a recovery after nearly eight years of recession, the government cannot make the fertility drop a top priority. Child tax breaks and subsidies for large families were weakened under Greece’s austerity-linked international financial bailouts. State-financed child care became means-tested and is hard to get for women seeking work. Greece now has the lowest budget in the European Union for family and child benefits” (para ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

¨... research shows that women are more likely to return to work after childbirth when given at least twelve weeks of leave and when they can arrange a flexible work schedule. However, in the case of Japan, where mothers and fathers may take combined leave of up to fourteen months, some mothers feel the ´mommy track´ is too slow.Since 2013, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has made increasing women’s labor force participation a core component of his economic growth plan. Known as 'womenomics,' research has suggested that this strategy could boost Japan’s GDP by 15 percent and help expand the country’s shrinking labor force¨(para 2-3)."Consequently, despite having one of the most ...more
Aug. 1, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The governing Justice and Development Party has been closely concerned with family affairs. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has led a campaign for Turks to have at least three children, while the government has introduced incentives for marrying early, including while still at university, and gold-coin awards for each newborn baby" (para 3).
June 28, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

Figure 3.2 shows the change in the percent of full and part-time workers with access to paid family leave from 1992/3 to 2012. In 1992/3, only 2% of full-time workers had paid family leave and that number increased to only 13% in 2012. For part-time workers, only 1% had paid family leave in 1992/3 and that increased to 4% in 2012 (89)
May 25, 2017, 12:18 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1

"The Chinese government announced that it will change its controversial one-child policy to a two-child policy per couple in order to balance population development and address the challenge of an ageing population" (p 2)
May 25, 2017, 12:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In Turkey,..parents are entitled to 300 Turkish lira (108 dollars) for the birth of their first child, 400 Turkish lira (144 dollars) for the second and 600 Turkish lira (215 dollars) for the fourth and subsequent child" (p 9)
May 25, 2017, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2

"Iran is considering legislation that would encourage businesses to prioritize the hiring of men with children" (p 7)
May 25, 2017, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Australia, South Korea
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Some governments are promoting marriage, childbearing and parenting through public relations campaigns, incentives and preferences. Such programs highlight the vital role of motherhood and its valuable contribution to the welfare and growth of the country. Australia and South Korea, for example, are among those making appeals to women to have one more child" (p 7)
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The national birthrate was well below replacement levels, and since the mid-1980s, the government has pursued policies to encourage higher birthrates, including comprehensive clinical services and a wide range of social and fiscal incentives" (21).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Although overall compliance remained low, several improvements were noted during the year, including in compliance efforts for employment contracts; granting required for weekly rest days, maternity leave, and annual leave; and paying social security payments and forwarding worker contributions" (39).
March 22, 2017, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"For more than three decades, this was national policy in China. The IUD was the government’s most important tool for limiting couples to one child, and almost all new mothers were required to get one" (para 2). "Now, a year after abandoning the 'one-child' policy, the government is hoping to make it up to Ms. Lu and millions of women like her — by removing their IUDs, free of charge" (para 4). "China began demanding that women be fitted with an intrauterine device after they had one child, and sterilized after they had two, in the early 1980s. Those who refused risked that their children would be denied access to ...more
March 10, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"In the United States, zero days of maternity leave are guaranteed by law" (para 5).
March 10, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Japan guarantees about 14 weeks of maternity leave at a rate of about 60 percent pay" (para 5).
March 10, 2017, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"According to the Gender Equality in Employment Act...Taiwanese mothers are granted up to eight weeks of maternity leave and if they have been employed for six months or more, they will receive full pay" (para 5).
Feb. 13, 2017, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Family 500+ program offers families 500 zlotys — about $130 — in stipends for the second and every subsequent child in a country faced with an aging population, anemic economic growth and high emigration rates" (para 17).
Feb. 10, 2017, 5:18 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Parents are entitled to share 480 days of parental leave when a child is born or adopted. This leave can be taken by the month, week, day or even by the hour. Women still use most of the days, with men taking around one-fourth of the parental leave on average. For 390 days, parents are entitled to nearly 80 per cent of their pay, up to a maximum of SEK 946 per day. The remaining 90 days are paid at a flat daily rate of SEK 180. Those who are not in employment are also entitled to paid parental leave. Sixty days of leave are allocated spe- cifically to each ...more
Feb. 9, 2017, 4:58 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"In India, for example, less than 1% of women receive paid maternity leave" (para 11).
Feb. 8, 2017, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"and in Korea, men are allotted the equivalent of about 16 weeks of paid [parental] leave" (para 6).
Feb. 8, 2017, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Slovakia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"A number of other countries – Bulgaria, Hungary, Japan, Lithuania, Austria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Norway and Slovakia – offer over a year’s worth of paid leave, as well" (para 3).
Feb. 8, 2017, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"A number of other countries – Bulgaria, Hungary, Japan, Lithuania, Austria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Norway and Slovakia – offer over a year’s worth of paid leave, as well" (para 3). "In Japan, almost half of all of the available paid leave for new parents – 30 weeks – is earmarked for new fathers" (para 6).
Feb. 8, 2017, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus, Ireland, Israel, New Zealand, Switzerland, Turkey
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In fact, in six countries – Cyprus, Israel, Turkey, Ireland, Switzerland and New Zealand – maternity leave accounts for all available paid leave related to the birth or care of a child. No leave is available for new fathers" (para 5).
Feb. 8, 2017, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In comparison, Estonia offers more than a year and a half of paid leave to new parents – by far the highest benefit mandated by any of the countries represented" (para 3).
Feb. 8, 2017, 5:37 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Despite these transformations, the U.S. is the only country among 41 nations that does not mandate any paid leave for new parents, according to data compiled by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)" (para 2). "U.S. is the only country that does not have a national paid leave mandate, California, New Jersey and Rhode Island all have state-mandated paid leave plans in place" (para 8).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3, FSCB-LAW-1

"Saddam Hussein’s regime embraced a strong pronatalist ideology since its inception in 1979. High fertility was encouraged through various economic incentives, including childbirth cash bonuses and family allowances (Faour 1989). The 1981–1988 war against Iran and the Iranian superiority in population size led Saddam Hussein to further intensify the country’s pronatalist approach, with the aim of accelerating population growth. Major restrictions on access to contraception were put in place, and penalties for performing illegal abortions were increased. Family planning services provided by the Iraqi Family Planning Association and the private sector were reserved exclusively for medical reasons (United Nations 1987; Efrati 1999). Only in the aftermath of the 1990–1991 Gulf ...more
Jan. 18, 2017, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"For mothers the leave is increased by either two working days for each child under six years of age on the date of departure on leave, where the child is officially registered and lives in the household, or one day only if the mother’s accrued leave does not exceed six days" (45).