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Latest items for GIC-LAW-3

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Act No. 19.161 of 1 November 2013, providing for maternity, paternity and breastfeeding leave" (page 2). "The low percentage of men exercising their paternity leave, notwithstanding the legislation that provides for paternity leave entitlements in all sectors of employment" (page 11).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"In 2006, only 17 of 137 bargaining panels adopted gender clauses in the private sector, and only 3 in the public sector; in 2012, 67 per cent of the panels did adopt gender clauses (122) and 52 per cent (95) agreed to specific clauses related to the sector, ten points more than in the previous round (Table 32). The gender clauses included such benefits as: additional maternity leave . . . creation of child care options for workers’ children" (page 25). "As regards the provision of maternity, paternity and breastfeeding leave, legislation was approved that brought significant improvements in terms of care and maternity and paternity leave (Act No. 19161,...more
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) introduced a paid parental leave scheme that since January 2011 has provided 18 weeks pay at the rate of the National Minimum Wage. Fathers and supporting partners have been entitled to two weeks’ leave since 1 January 2013" (J).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Parental Leave and Employment Protection Act 1987 provides paid leave for employees with at least six months’ continuous service with their employer and up to 52 weeks’ unpaid leave for employees with at least 12 months’ continuous service with their employer. Paid parental leave can be transferred to fathers, provided they are also eligible. Paid parental leave was extended from 14 weeks to 16 weeks on 1 April 2015 and further extended to 18 weeks on 1 April 2016. Further changes proposed to parental leave provisions came into effect on 1 April 2016 and include: Extending parental leave payments to non-standard workers and those who have recently changed jobs;...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Female farm workers on maternity leave who could not obtain timely compensation through the Unemployment Insurance Fund often returned to work shortly after giving birth, according to NGOs working with farm workers" (34).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee commends the State party on the introduction of three months’ maternity leave and the adoption of a bill on breastfeeding mothers in 2017. However, it is concerned that the need for direct payment of maternity benefits by employers may lead to discrimination against women applicants and that mothers who adopt children or who suffer miscarriages or give birth to stillborn babies are not covered by the Employment Act of 2007" (10)
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The law and regulations allow for 12 weeks of paid maternity leave for female officers" (24).
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"In a 2014 defender of rights report, 80 percent of women surveyed reported workplace discrimination due to pregnancy. According to a 2014 survey on gender equality by the defender of rights, pregnant women were most vulnerable to workplace discrimination. One-third of those surveyed reported they witnessed discrimination after a woman had returned to work from maternity leave" (29).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"It notes the relatively low gender wage gap in the State party (3.2 per cent) and the efforts to better reconcile work and family life and encourage shared parental responsibilities, including by instituting special forms of part-time work for mothers and fathers with children up to a certain age, introducing fully paid paternity leave and providing affordable high-quality childcare facilities" (10).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) provides two payments for working parents who care for a newborn or adopted child. Parental Leave Pay is a payment of up to 18 weeks at the rate of the National Minimum Wage to support working parents with primary care of a newborn or newly-adopted child. Dad and Partner Pay is a payment of up to two weeks at the rate of the National Minimum Wage for eligible working fathers and partners who share the role of caring for a newborn or adopted child. Parental Leave Pay is a payment of up to 18 weeks at the rate of the National Minimum Wage...more
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The government increased child-care facilities and maternity leave, along with encouraging private companies to report gender statistics in annual financial reports" (26).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"An additional provision in the Promulgation caters for the rights of women on maternity leave" (22-23). "Rights of women on maternity leave 101. — (1) A woman employed in a workplace who expects to give birth is entitled to maternity leave and abstain from work for a period of 84 consecutive days subject to providing her employer with a certificate from a registered medical practitioner or registered nurse specifying the possible date of birth. (2) A woman is entitled to paid maternity leave as follows — (a) for the first 3 births, to the normal remuneration she would have received as if she had been at work; and (b) for...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The granting of maternity leave on full pay, post-delivery leave and nursing leave and leave to look after a sick child are not held to be discrimination but, rather, a right accorded to women that is consistent with their human nature" (12). "As regards maternity leave, article 24 of the act stipulates: A pregnant working woman shall be entitled to paid maternity leave of 70 days, not to be calculated as part of her other leaves, provided that she gives birth within this period. At the end of the maternity leave, the employer may give the working woman, at her request, unpaid leave for a period not exceeding four months...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

The Committee welcomes the adoption of Laws Nos. 266 and 267 of 2014 extending maternity leave in the public and private sectors to 10 weeks with full pay. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of measures to promote the concept of shared family responsibilities and to combat the difficulties that women face in combining work and family responsibilities" (pg 9).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Article 55 of the Civil Servants Regulations of 23 August 2006 stipulates that 'a female civil servant is entitled by law to fourteen weeks maternity leave divided into two parts: one before and one after giving birth.' Furthermore, Article 122 of the Labour Code stipulates that 'Any pregnant woman whose state of health is certified by a physician may suspend work without prior notice'" (20).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"The Committee is concerned about the high rates of unemployment among women in the State party. It also notes with concern the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the low representation of women in managerial positions in the private sector. The Committee is also concerned that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, it has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization. It is further concerned at the lack of statistical data on cases of sexual harassment in the workplace and measures taken to address it. In addition, the Committee is concerned that...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Public institutions such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Supreme Court of Justice, the National Registration Centre and the Office of the Human Rights Advocate offer child care services as part of the employment benefits they provide. As regards the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, it has provided a child care space as part of its services to users since August of 2011. Service was provided to 1,781 children through May of 2014" (32).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the 2009-2015 plan for the implementation of the National Gender Equality and Equity Strategy, which includes measures for economic empowerment and autonomy of women. It remains concerned, however, about: (a) The persistent gender wage gap and occupational segregation of women and men; (b) The high unemployment rate among women and the concentration of women in the informal sector; (c) The absence of legal provisions explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace; (d) The existence of discriminatory legal provisions allocating child benefits only to the father (art. 21 of the Code of Social Security), excluding the children of a deceased employed woman from her pension...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee is also concerned about the non-compliance by the private sector with the provisions of the Employment Act that provide for 12 weeks of maternity leave. . . . The Committee calls upon the State party: . . . (c) To conduct regular labour inspections and enforce compliance with labour laws by private employers, especially in relation to maternity leave" (page 9).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Parental benefit is granted on the basis of labour force participation in the months preceding the commencement of parental leave. Both women and men can earn parental benefit rights. In cases where only the father is entitled to parental benefit, he may only receive it if the mother is employed or engaged in studies or similar activities. Women who are not entitled to parental benefit receive a lump-sum grant after giving birth. The lump-sum grant has increased by a total of 25 per cent in the past two years" (17). "When both mother and father have earned the right to parental benefits, part of the benefit period is reserved for...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"[The Civil Service Law] further entitles her to: sick leave for a number of conditions resulting from pregnancy, postpartum leave and leave to care for a newborn; and to maternity leave for up to three years throughout her employment according to the arrangement mentioned in article 22 of the Leave Regulations. The Labour Law grants women working in the private sector the right to request maternity leave to care for a newborn, leave to accompany a sick relative requiring treatment or to be with a child" (39). "Under the aforesaid amendments, women may also distribute their fully paid maternity leave as they wish, starting such leave as early as four...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Federal Work Law (LFT) was reformed, incorporating concepts such as substantive equality, salary equality, decent work, prohibition of assault and labor and sexual harassment, non-discrimination, paternity and vocational training, among others. The current law protects equality, eliminates discrimination against women and guarantees the exercise of their rights and occupational liberties, as well as access to the same opportunities; it incorporates new prohibitions for the employers, such as requiring medical certificates of non-pregnancy, or coercing a pregnant worker into resigning. It regulates maternity leave, permitting the transfer of up to four of the six weeks pre-birth to the postpartum period, as well as schedule modifications for lactating mothers. Not withstanding,...more
March 7, 2018, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"But Ms. Roncetti lives on planet Italy, where working women receive little support from the government or from many public or private employers" (para 4). "The anti-establishment Five Star Movement offered bonuses to pay for diapers and day care" (para 13). "Enrica Maria Martino, who conducted a study for the social security institute, cited 'the rigidity of working hours, the scarcity of part-time opportunities and the inadequacy of child care provisions, together with a strong role division between men and women that still attributes women all family responsibilities' as obstacles to keeping mothers in the work force" (para 15). "Italy does offer generous maternity leave policies, but there are few...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Female employees can get 91 days (3 months) of maternity with full pay. This period can be extended if the employer gives consent (Section 29 of the Employment Act, 2007). The maternity leave is awarded with full pay and is financed by the employer (Section 29 of the Employment Act, 2007). Similarly, a female worker has the right to return to same job/position (or some other similar and suitable position) after availing her maternity leave (Section 29.2 of the Employment Act, 2007)" (29).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Pursuant to sections 111 and 112 of the Code, for fourteen (14) consecutive weeks, of which eight (8) shall be after delivery, every working woman is entitled, at the expense of the social security authority (which establishes a separate management account replenished by employers’ contributions), to reimbursement of expenditures related to childbirth and, as required, medical care, subject to the maximum rates set by the health authority, as well as half the salary she earned prior to going on leave" (pg 23).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The insured, unemployed wives in families where only the husband earns an income and unemployed women are granted maternity leave which includes prenatal leave of 70 calendar days and maternity leave for a period of 56 calendar days (for complicated births or birth of two or more children - 70 days), period for which the maternity allowance is paid. In case of a still birth or if the baby dies during the maternity leave, the maternity allowance is granted for the established period. The monthly rate of maternity allowance is 100% of average monthly income earned during the last 6 calendar months preceeding the month of the insured risk, income...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The recognition of motherhood as a social function is a principle that underpins civil service laws and the work of women civil servants and workers, affording them specific social protection and rights, such as paid maternity leave and paid breastfeeding breaks" (17). "The above-mentioned acts provide for the right of public and private employees to fully paid maternity leave both before and after childbirth" (43). "Public and private employees who are nursing have the right to paid nursing breaks during the workday" (43). "Female employees receive leave with full pay for a period of 10 consecutive weeks before and after giving birth. An employee who is nursing has the right...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Equality Ombudsman takes up the Parental Leave Act and its prohibition of the disadvantaging of people on parental leave in all courses for the social partners" (page 10). "Pregnancy benefit can be paid to a woman at the end of her pregnancy if she has a physically demanding job that reduces her work capacity. A pregnant employee who is prohibited from continuing to work on account of risks in her work environment may also be entitled to pregnancy benefit. As of 1 January 2014 pregnant self-employed persons are also covered by the right to pregnancy benefit on account of risks in their work environment. In 2012 some 20 per...more
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"National Early Childhood Programme [was] adopted by Decree No. 574/2016, providing for the establishment of childcare facilities, in 2016" (2). "The Committee is concerned about...the lack of measures in place to facilitate the conciliation of family and work life" (11).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"From the 1950s, women were entitled to maternity leave allowance paid by National Insurance, protection against dismissal during pregnancy and affordable childcare facilites, aimed to enable women to have secured employment while maintaining family life" (13).