The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-3

July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Employment, Parental Leave and Other Measures Act 2013, which extends maternity protection to the full duration of pregnancy… The Committee notes with appreciation the initiatives taken by the State party to promote gender equality and protect the rights of women, such as the introduction of two weeks of paid paternity leave" (2). "The Committee welcomes the initiatives introduced by the State party to reconcile the private and professional lives of women, such as the WorkPro scheme, which provides financial incentives to employers to implement... the establishment of more childcare facilities and the extension of maternity leave to unmarried women" (8).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Constitution (Article 46) recognizes maternity as a social function and guarantees women’s rights to leave and benefits, as outlined by measures to protect women’s maternity rights defined in the 1997 Labour Law. These rights include leave entitlements (90 days), wages (half pay) and perquisites, additional one hour per day for breastfeeding, and restrictions on heavy labor following return to work. Female public service officials are entitled to three-month maternity leave with full pay, and those with children under 1 year of age are entitled to leave work one hour early with full pay" (36):
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee welcomes… the adoption of the… Bangladesh Labour (Amendment) Act (2013), increasing maternity leave to six months… Domestic Workers Protection and Welfare Policy, providing legal protection, including access to… maternity leave" (1-2). "The Committee welcomes the Bangladesh Labour (Amendment) Act and the Labour Policy of 2013, which extend maternity leave to six months, but remains concerned that the six-month period is not being fully implemented and that discrimination against pregnant women persists in the private sector" (9).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Women also faced discrimination related to maternity leave" (page 33).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Restrictions in the access to child-raising allowances to formally employed parents and the introduction of selective criteria for those allowances and family support allowances, which is having a disproportionate impact on women and women-headed households" (10).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The code considers men to be heads of household, preventing women from taking legal responsibility for their children. In addition, any childhood benefits are paid to the father" (page 16).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The law offers no specific legal protection against discriminatory hiring practices due to marital status. Discrimination against women reportedly was common throughout the government, but sometimes went unaddressed. NGO workers noted that this was largely due to the lack of employment opportunities and a fear of retaliation among victims. No reliable data was available on the problem. Women also were disadvantaged in pursuing job opportunities due to cultural norms, stereotypes, and an overall lower level of qualifications or education. Additionally, some reported that pregnant women did not receive the protections guaranteed by the labor code" (Pg 25).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Act No. 5344 establishing maternity leave for women in elected positions, in 2014" (2). "Non-compliance with the legislation promoting and protecting maternity, especially with regard to maternity protection and inequitable distribution of domestic and care work between women and men, forcing many women to take low-income jobs in the informal sector" (10).
June 24, 2019, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Laws and regulations prohibit direct or indirect discrimination with respect to employment or occupation regarding race, nationality, gender, disability, and sexual orientation. The government did not effectively enforce these laws or regulations. Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to race, gender, disability, sexual orientation, and HIV-positive status submitted to the Equality Authority in 2013 concerned allegations of discriminatory treatment of pregnant women in the workplace and 15 percent of the complaints concerned alleged dismissal of pregnant women" (Pg 29-30).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Although some educated women held positions of authority in government, business, and the media, many women faced job discrimination based on cultural norms. The law entitles women to paid maternity leave and equal pay for equal work. The government, the largest employer of women, observed such regulations, as did many private-sector employers. Economic studies conducted by the World Economic Forum from 2015, however, showed that women earned 68 percent less than men and that their unemployment rate was at least twice as high. According to the forum, only 31 percent of women participated in the work force" (Pg 16).
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The law generally provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, with three exceptions: first, some elements of customary family law provide for different treatment of women, such as providing different grounds for divorce and different divorce procedures; second, the property law of a marriage is based solely on the domicile of the husband at the time of the marriage; and third the law grants maternity leave to mothers but not paternity leave to fathers" (Pg 15).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"In July 2017 the Cabinet of Ministers approved a Diploma establishing the measures for social and educational support to school girls/students during pregnancy, after child birth and while breastfeeding, aimed at their continued access to education in quality conditions, at all educational levels (basic, secondary, professional training, higher education). In particular: the right to 60 days of maternity leave after child birth; leave before childbirth in clinical risk situations; a special regime of leave postpartum (justified leave for consultation, illness and assistance to the baby); and adjustments of evaluation rules according to need (deadlines and modalities)" (19).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Employees in federal service have had the right to a 'baby month' since 2011. The baby month is unpaid parental leave for fathers and can be used for a maximum of four weeks after the birth of a child. Between the beginning of 2011 and the end of 2016, 1,927 fathers made use of the baby month. Seven provinces have introduced similar options" (11). "Since 1 March 2017, fathers have been able to take a 'daddy month' ('family leave') in the private sector as well. After the birth of a child, fathers can spend between 28 and 31 days at home with their family. During this time, they receive a...more
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The law grants prenatal and postnatal maternity leave. A mother is entitled up to three years of unpaid maternity leave" (p. 29).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Federal law on employment, which prohibits job advertisements containing requirements of gender, age and marital status, in 2013, and the adoption of a number of measures aimed at assisting pregnant women and women on maternity leave" (1-2).
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"(b) The fact that women take more hours of parental leave per week than men, notwithstanding the increase in the number of days of parental leave to which men are entitled;(c)The drop in the use of childcare facilities, notwithstanding the increased funding for childcare services" (10).
May 21, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Montenegro of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (115). Parents in Montenegro are able to work flexibly (115). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (EJ-CODER COMMENT).
May 21, 2019, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Mongolia of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for women and men relatve to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (115). Parents in Mongolia are not able to work flexibly (115). Working flexibly, such...more
May 21, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in Mozambique of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for men and women relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (116). Parents in Mozambique are not able to work flexibly (114). Working...more
May 21, 2019, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Morocco of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (116). Parents in Morocco are not able to work flexibly (116). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (EJ-CODER COMMENT).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Myanmar of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (117). Parents in Myanmar are not able to work flexibly (117). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (EJ-CODER COMMENT).more
May 20, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in namibia of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for men and women relative to leave reserved for women. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (117). Parents in Namibia are not able to work flexibly (117). Working flexibly, such as working from home or...more
May 20, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in the Netherlands of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for men adn women relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (118). Parents in the Netherlands are able to work flexibly (118). Working flexibly,...more
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in Nepal of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 0% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (118). Parents in Nepal are not able to work flexibly (118). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (EJ-CODER COMMENT).more
May 18, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in Nicaragua of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 60% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 0.62 between leave reserved for men and women relative to leave reserved for men as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (119). Parents in Nicaragua are not able to work flexibly (119). Working flexibly,...more
May 18, 2019, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in New Zealand of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for men and women and leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are tax deductible (119). Parents in New Zealand are able to work flexibly (119). Working flexibly, such as working...more
May 17, 2019, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is not paid maternity leave available to women in Nigeria of at least 14 weeks. Women do not receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 0% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (120). Parents in Nigeria are not able to work flexibly (120). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (EJ-CODER COMMENT).more
May 17, 2019, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Niger of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 50% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 0.51 between leave reserved for men and women relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (120). Parents in Niger are not able to work flexibly (120). Working flexibly, such...more
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is no paid maternity leave available to women in Oman of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 0% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (121). Parents in Oman are not able to work flexibly (121). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (EJ-CODER COMMENT).more
May 16, 2019, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Norway of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a difference of 1 between leave reserved for women and men relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are tax deductible (121). Parents in Norway are not able to work flexibly (121). Working flexibly, such as...more