The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-3

Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The HRCM reported the government fell short of promoting women’s equality by failing to establish child-care centers and child-friendly working environments, and failing to implement affirmative action" (26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The government increased child-care facilities and maternity leave, along with encouraging private companies to report gender statistics in annual financial reports" (26).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The government increased child-care facilities and maternity leave, along with encouraging private companies to report gender statistics in annual financial reports" (26).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Female farm workers on maternity leave who could not obtain timely compensation through the Unemployment Insurance Fund often returned to work shortly after giving birth, according to NGOs working with farm workers" (34).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The law and regulations allow for 12 weeks of paid maternity leave for female officers" (24).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“The Paternity Leave and Benefit Act, in 2016, which introduced paid statutory leave for new fathers” (1)
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

“[The Committee is concerned with] The limited availability of affordable childcare, notwithstanding the increased funding for childcare services and the introduction of the Early Childhood Care and Education Programme” (11)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 provides up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave in a given year to care for a newborn or a newly adopted or fostered child, to address one’s own serious health condition, or to care for a family member with a serious health condition; 26 weeks of leave are available for care of an injured service member” (86)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

“Nationally, in the 2012/2013 school year, 40.1 percent of four-year-olds were enrolled in publicly funded Pre-K, Head Start, or special education programs (27.9 percent were in Pre-K, and 12.2 percent were in Head Start18 or special education; Barnett et al. 2013). The national proportion of four-year-old children who are in publicly funded programs has increased substantially since 2001/2002, when it was only 31.2 percent” (102)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

“As Child Care Aware of America (2014a) has documented, in the majority of states and the District of Columbia, the annual costs of center care for an infant are higher than the costs of attending a year of college at a public university, and in 22 states and the District of Columbia, the costs of center care for an infant exceed 40 percent of the median annual income of single mothers” (97)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“In 40 states workers lack statutory rights to paid family and medical leave and do not have a statutory right to paid sick days on the job” (89)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

“Nationally, in 2011, fewer than 4 percent of all infants and toddlers received any child care subsidies, and even among low-income families, only 11.8 percent of children under five received any financial supports for child care from government sources” (102)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

“Between 1985 and 2011, the weekly out-of-pocket expenditure on child care for families with an employed mother almost doubled in real terms (U.S. Census Bureau 2013). Only a small minority of young children (16 percent of infants and 25.5 percent of toddlers of employed mothers and fewer than five percent of toddlers and infants of mothers who are not employed) are in center care (Laughlin 2013). Families with children who have income below the poverty line spent 30 percent of their income on child care in 2011, more than three times the proportion families with above-poverty income spent (U.S. Census Bureau 2013; Smith and Adams 2013). The majority of all...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“State laws and voluntary employer benefits are only partially filling the vacuum left by a lack of federal laws. Nearly 40 percent of all women workers, and about half of Hispanic women workers, do not have access to any paid sick time (Figure 3.1). Part-time workers (the majority of whom are women) are only rarely covered by paid leave benefits of any kind (Figure 3.2). Less than half of all employed women (41 percent) received paid maternity leave before or after the birth of their child” (88)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“The United States is one of only two countries in the world without a national paid maternity leave law, and one of a small minority of high-income countries that does not require employers to provide paid sick days” (86)
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee notes with concern that the right to maternity leave is not applicable to all types of employment and that there is a lack of information on women domestic workers" (page 12).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Law stipulates that an employer cannot refuse to conclude a labour contract with a pregnant woman, or cancel the labour contract due to her pregnancy or if she uses the maternity leave. An employer can also not cancel the labour contract with the parent who works half of the full time due to attending a child with severe development difficulties, a single parent of a child under seven years of age, or a child with severe disability, or with a person using one of the aforementioned rights. An employer cannot cancel the labour contract to an employee during the absence from work due to care for a child or...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

“[There is a] limited availability of affordable childcare facilities of adequate quality and the absence of non-transferable paternal leave, forcing many women to exit the labour force after giving birth, especially when their salary is low in comparison to the cost of childcare” (10)
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Act No. 19.161 of 1 November 2013, providing for maternity, paternity and breastfeeding leave" (page 2). "The low percentage of men exercising their paternity leave, notwithstanding the legislation that provides for paternity leave entitlements in all sectors of employment" (page 11).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"In 2006, only 17 of 137 bargaining panels adopted gender clauses in the private sector, and only 3 in the public sector; in 2012, 67 per cent of the panels did adopt gender clauses (122) and 52 per cent (95) agreed to specific clauses related to the sector, ten points more than in the previous round (Table 32). The gender clauses included such benefits as: additional maternity leave . . . creation of child care options for workers’ children" (page 25). "As regards the provision of maternity, paternity and breastfeeding leave, legislation was approved that brought significant improvements in terms of care and maternity and paternity leave (Act No. 19161,...more
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) introduced a paid parental leave scheme that since January 2011 has provided 18 weeks pay at the rate of the National Minimum Wage. Fathers and supporting partners have been entitled to two weeks’ leave since 1 January 2013" (J).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Parental Leave and Employment Protection Act 1987 provides paid leave for employees with at least six months’ continuous service with their employer and up to 52 weeks’ unpaid leave for employees with at least 12 months’ continuous service with their employer. Paid parental leave can be transferred to fathers, provided they are also eligible. Paid parental leave was extended from 14 weeks to 16 weeks on 1 April 2015 and further extended to 18 weeks on 1 April 2016. Further changes proposed to parental leave provisions came into effect on 1 April 2016 and include: Extending parental leave payments to non-standard workers and those who have recently changed jobs;...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee commends the State party on the introduction of three months’ maternity leave and the adoption of a bill on breastfeeding mothers in 2017. However, it is concerned that the need for direct payment of maternity benefits by employers may lead to discrimination against women applicants and that mothers who adopt children or who suffer miscarriages or give birth to stillborn babies are not covered by the Employment Act of 2007" (10)
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"In a 2014 defender of rights report, 80 percent of women surveyed reported workplace discrimination due to pregnancy. According to a 2014 survey on gender equality by the defender of rights, pregnant women were most vulnerable to workplace discrimination. One-third of those surveyed reported they witnessed discrimination after a woman had returned to work from maternity leave" (29).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"It notes the relatively low gender wage gap in the State party (3.2 per cent) and the efforts to better reconcile work and family life and encourage shared parental responsibilities, including by instituting special forms of part-time work for mothers and fathers with children up to a certain age, introducing fully paid paternity leave and providing affordable high-quality childcare facilities" (10).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) provides two payments for working parents who care for a newborn or adopted child. Parental Leave Pay is a payment of up to 18 weeks at the rate of the National Minimum Wage to support working parents with primary care of a newborn or newly-adopted child. Dad and Partner Pay is a payment of up to two weeks at the rate of the National Minimum Wage for eligible working fathers and partners who share the role of caring for a newborn or adopted child. Parental Leave Pay is a payment of up to 18 weeks at the rate of the National Minimum Wage...more
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"An additional provision in the Promulgation caters for the rights of women on maternity leave" (22-23). "Rights of women on maternity leave 101. — (1) A woman employed in a workplace who expects to give birth is entitled to maternity leave and abstain from work for a period of 84 consecutive days subject to providing her employer with a certificate from a registered medical practitioner or registered nurse specifying the possible date of birth. (2) A woman is entitled to paid maternity leave as follows — (a) for the first 3 births, to the normal remuneration she would have received as if she had been at work; and (b) for...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The granting of maternity leave on full pay, post-delivery leave and nursing leave and leave to look after a sick child are not held to be discrimination but, rather, a right accorded to women that is consistent with their human nature" (12). "As regards maternity leave, article 24 of the act stipulates: A pregnant working woman shall be entitled to paid maternity leave of 70 days, not to be calculated as part of her other leaves, provided that she gives birth within this period. At the end of the maternity leave, the employer may give the working woman, at her request, unpaid leave for a period not exceeding four months...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

The Committee welcomes the adoption of Laws Nos. 266 and 267 of 2014 extending maternity leave in the public and private sectors to 10 weeks with full pay. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of measures to promote the concept of shared family responsibilities and to combat the difficulties that women face in combining work and family responsibilities" (pg 9).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Article 55 of the Civil Servants Regulations of 23 August 2006 stipulates that 'a female civil servant is entitled by law to fourteen weeks maternity leave divided into two parts: one before and one after giving birth.' Furthermore, Article 122 of the Labour Code stipulates that 'Any pregnant woman whose state of health is certified by a physician may suspend work without prior notice'" (20).