The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for GIC-LAW-3

April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"An additional provision in the Promulgation caters for the rights of women on maternity leave" (22-23). "Rights of women on maternity leave 101. — (1) A woman employed in a workplace who expects to give birth is entitled to maternity leave and abstain from work for a period of 84 consecutive days subject to providing her employer with a certificate from a registered medical practitioner or registered nurse specifying the possible date of birth. (2) A woman is entitled to paid maternity leave as follows — (a) for the first 3 births, to the normal remuneration she would have received as if she had been at work; and (b) for ...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The granting of maternity leave on full pay, post-delivery leave and nursing leave and leave to look after a sick child are not held to be discrimination but, rather, a right accorded to women that is consistent with their human nature" (12). "As regards maternity leave, article 24 of the act stipulates: A pregnant working woman shall be entitled to paid maternity leave of 70 days, not to be calculated as part of her other leaves, provided that she gives birth within this period. At the end of the maternity leave, the employer may give the working woman, at her request, unpaid leave for a period not exceeding four months ...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

The Committee welcomes the adoption of Laws Nos. 266 and 267 of 2014 extending maternity leave in the public and private sectors to 10 weeks with full pay. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of measures to promote the concept of shared family responsibilities and to combat the difficulties that women face in combining work and family responsibilities" (pg 9).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Article 55 of the Civil Servants Regulations of 23 August 2006 stipulates that 'a female civil servant is entitled by law to fourteen weeks maternity leave divided into two parts: one before and one after giving birth.' Furthermore, Article 122 of the Labour Code stipulates that 'Any pregnant woman whose state of health is certified by a physician may suspend work without prior notice'" (20).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-5, DLB-DATA-1, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee is concerned about the high rates of unemployment among women in the State party. It also notes with concern the continued occupational segregation between women and men in the labour market and the low representation of women in managerial positions in the private sector. The Committee is also concerned that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, it has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization. It is further concerned at the lack of statistical data on cases of sexual harassment in the workplace and measures taken to address it. In addition, the Committee is concerned that ...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Public institutions such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Supreme Court of Justice, the National Registration Centre and the Office of the Human Rights Advocate offer child care services as part of the employment benefits they provide. As regards the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, it has provided a child care space as part of its services to users since August of 2011. Service was provided to 1,781 children through May of 2014" (32).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-LAW-2, ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-5, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the 2009-2015 plan for the implementation of the National Gender Equality and Equity Strategy, which includes measures for economic empowerment and autonomy of women. It remains concerned, however, about: (a) The persistent gender wage gap and occupational segregation of women and men; (b) The high unemployment rate among women and the concentration of women in the informal sector; (c) The absence of legal provisions explicitly criminalizing sexual harassment in the workplace; (d) The existence of discriminatory legal provisions allocating child benefits only to the father (art. 21 of the Code of Social Security), excluding the children of a deceased employed woman from her pension ...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee is also concerned about the non-compliance by the private sector with the provisions of the Employment Act that provide for 12 weeks of maternity leave. . . . The Committee calls upon the State party: . . . (c) To conduct regular labour inspections and enforce compliance with labour laws by private employers, especially in relation to maternity leave" (page 9).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Parental benefit is granted on the basis of labour force participation in the months preceding the commencement of parental leave. Both women and men can earn parental benefit rights. In cases where only the father is entitled to parental benefit, he may only receive it if the mother is employed or engaged in studies or similar activities. Women who are not entitled to parental benefit receive a lump-sum grant after giving birth. The lump-sum grant has increased by a total of 25 per cent in the past two years" (17). "When both mother and father have earned the right to parental benefits, part of the benefit period is reserved for ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"[The Civil Service Law] further entitles her to: sick leave for a number of conditions resulting from pregnancy, postpartum leave and leave to care for a newborn; and to maternity leave for up to three years throughout her employment according to the arrangement mentioned in article 22 of the Leave Regulations. The Labour Law grants women working in the private sector the right to request maternity leave to care for a newborn, leave to accompany a sick relative requiring treatment or to be with a child" (39). "Under the aforesaid amendments, women may also distribute their fully paid maternity leave as they wish, starting such leave as early as four ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Federal Work Law (LFT) was reformed, incorporating concepts such as substantive equality, salary equality, decent work, prohibition of assault and labor and sexual harassment, non-discrimination, paternity and vocational training, among others. The current law protects equality, eliminates discrimination against women and guarantees the exercise of their rights and occupational liberties, as well as access to the same opportunities; it incorporates new prohibitions for the employers, such as requiring medical certificates of non-pregnancy, or coercing a pregnant worker into resigning. It regulates maternity leave, permitting the transfer of up to four of the six weeks pre-birth to the postpartum period, as well as schedule modifications for lactating mothers. Not withstanding, ...more
March 7, 2018, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"But Ms. Roncetti lives on planet Italy, where working women receive little support from the government or from many public or private employers" (para 4). "The anti-establishment Five Star Movement offered bonuses to pay for diapers and day care" (para 13). "Enrica Maria Martino, who conducted a study for the social security institute, cited 'the rigidity of working hours, the scarcity of part-time opportunities and the inadequacy of child care provisions, together with a strong role division between men and women that still attributes women all family responsibilities' as obstacles to keeping mothers in the work force" (para 15). "Italy does offer generous maternity leave policies, but there are few ...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Female employees can get 91 days (3 months) of maternity with full pay. This period can be extended if the employer gives consent (Section 29 of the Employment Act, 2007). The maternity leave is awarded with full pay and is financed by the employer (Section 29 of the Employment Act, 2007). Similarly, a female worker has the right to return to same job/position (or some other similar and suitable position) after availing her maternity leave (Section 29.2 of the Employment Act, 2007)" (29).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Pursuant to sections 111 and 112 of the Code, for fourteen (14) consecutive weeks, of which eight (8) shall be after delivery, every working woman is entitled, at the expense of the social security authority (which establishes a separate management account replenished by employers’ contributions), to reimbursement of expenditures related to childbirth and, as required, medical care, subject to the maximum rates set by the health authority, as well as half the salary she earned prior to going on leave" (pg 23).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The insured, unemployed wives in families where only the husband earns an income and unemployed women are granted maternity leave which includes prenatal leave of 70 calendar days and maternity leave for a period of 56 calendar days (for complicated births or birth of two or more children - 70 days), period for which the maternity allowance is paid. In case of a still birth or if the baby dies during the maternity leave, the maternity allowance is granted for the established period. The monthly rate of maternity allowance is 100% of average monthly income earned during the last 6 calendar months preceeding the month of the insured risk, income ...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The recognition of motherhood as a social function is a principle that underpins civil service laws and the work of women civil servants and workers, affording them specific social protection and rights, such as paid maternity leave and paid breastfeeding breaks" (17). "The above-mentioned acts provide for the right of public and private employees to fully paid maternity leave both before and after childbirth" (43). "Public and private employees who are nursing have the right to paid nursing breaks during the workday" (43). "Female employees receive leave with full pay for a period of 10 consecutive weeks before and after giving birth. An employee who is nursing has the right ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Equality Ombudsman takes up the Parental Leave Act and its prohibition of the disadvantaging of people on parental leave in all courses for the social partners" (page 10). "Pregnancy benefit can be paid to a woman at the end of her pregnancy if she has a physically demanding job that reduces her work capacity. A pregnant employee who is prohibited from continuing to work on account of risks in her work environment may also be entitled to pregnancy benefit. As of 1 January 2014 pregnant self-employed persons are also covered by the right to pregnancy benefit on account of risks in their work environment. In 2012 some 20 per ...more
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"National Early Childhood Programme [was] adopted by Decree No. 574/2016, providing for the establishment of childcare facilities, in 2016" (2). "The Committee is concerned about...the lack of measures in place to facilitate the conciliation of family and work life" (11).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"From the 1950s, women were entitled to maternity leave allowance paid by National Insurance, protection against dismissal during pregnancy and affordable childcare facilites, aimed to enable women to have secured employment while maintaining family life" (13).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Childbearing has squeezed the opportunities accessible to women in their career growth. A survey shows that 67.4 percent of surveyed women think reproduction has scaled down their chances to get training or promotion in their work, and 47.4 percent of female employees blame it for the deterioration of their work conditions. Moreover, some women have to give up their work for childbearing. Therefore, many women, who want to continue their work, are forced to abandon their plans to have a child or postpone their pregnancy. In particular, women with great potential in their career development dare not to bear their first child, let alone raise a second child, though they ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"And the impacts [from the oil spill caused by militant groups] on families are dire: Sarah Okolo is doubtful she can raise the startup money for her food stall. On average it takes her twenty minutes to walk to the market, but Okolo worries that her working day would mean her two small children would have to be on their own for too long, and she does not have an arrangement for somebody to watch them for the whole day. This has become an especially important consideration, as she fears her four-year old son has fallen ill from drinking contaminated groundwater. But without much money and limited access to healthcare, ...more
Dec. 5, 2017, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2, ERBG-DATA-3, CL-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-3

"Of the MGNREGA [National Rural Employment Guarantee Act], it has been reported that despite incorporation of a provision which 'in the event that there are at least five children under the age of 6 at the worksite, one of the female workers should be deputed to look after them and she should be paid the same wage as other NREGA workers,' most women joining the program are discouraged from bringing children to work. A social audit on the implementation of the MGNREGA revealed that 70% of the women interviewed had no access to child-care services at the worksite, and 65% of them were unaware of this guaranteed right (Nayaranan 2008, ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The program [Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program](i) ensures that bank accounts are opened in women’s names; (ii) supports training of women on citizenship and rights, domestic violence, leadership, child-care, and nutrition; (iii) targets 70% attendance of fathers in specially designed modules"(54)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-2, GIC-LAW-3

"Of the MGNREGA [National Rural Employment Guarantee Act], it has been reported that despite incorporation of a provision which 'in the event that there are at least five children under the age of 6 at the worksite, one of the female workers should be deputed to look after them and she should be paid the same wage as other NREGA workers,' most women joining the program are discouraged from bringing children to work. A social audit on the implementation of the MGNREGA revealed that 70% of the women interviewed had no access to child-care services at the worksite, and 65% of them were unaware of this guaranteed right (Nayaranan 2008, ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"[Iman] Assaf noted that the laws in the guideline comply with the 2000 Palestinian Labor Law No. 7, the 2012 Minimum Wage Law ($370/month) and the 2016 Social Security Law No. 6, which guaranteed working women in the private and public sectors the right to a social security paid maternity leave. Assaf expects female employment to increase when the Social Security Law is implemented at the end of October, because the employer won’t have to pay maternity leave expenses — which will be paid by the social security fund. Many employers refuse to employ women due to the likelihood of pregnancy and the subsequent financial burden on the company"(para 10-11)."[Iman] ...more
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Then came Germany’s division: The West revived the 19th century maxim of Kinder, Küche, Kirche — children, kitchen, church, while in the East, the Communists set up free day-care centers. Eastern mothers drove cranes and studied physics. Until 1977, western wives officially needed their husbands’ permission to work. By then, their peers in the East had a year of paid maternity leave and shorter work hours if they nursed" (para 26-27). "Schools, which traditionally closed at lunchtime, relying on stay-at-home mothers, have gradually lengthened their hours. Child care, once anathema for children under 3, has been vastly extended. A paid parental leave has been introduced that nudges fathers to take ...more
Aug. 28, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"One factor that could significantly impact GDP is the restructuring of the division of labor in the country’s unpaid care economy. According to the Asian Development Bank, 'women spend twice as much time on household work and four times more on childcare' – neither of which is accounted for in the calculation of GDP. Likewise, women’s overrepresentation in subsistence work inhibits their ability to contribute significantly to GDP"(para 5)
Aug. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

“Struggling to manage a recovery after nearly eight years of recession, the government cannot make the fertility drop a top priority. … State-financed child care became means-tested and is hard to get for women seeking work” (para 19).
Aug. 7, 2017, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

¨In a marked shift from Japan’s past, some companies are now supporting mothers by offering them increased responsibility and financial incentives to decrease maternity leave and return to work sooner. At first glance, this seems counterintuitive – research shows that women are more likely to return to work after childbirth when given at least twelve weeks of leave and when they can arrange a flexible work schedule. However, in the case of Japan, where mothers and fathers may take combined leave of up to fourteen months, some mothers feel the ´mommy track´ is too slow¨(para 1-2)."Consequently, despite having one of the most liberal paid parental leave policies worldwide, only 2 ...more
Aug. 1, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"Child care is the biggest challenge for working mothers, but the Turkish government has found an easy solution: pay grandmothers to look after the children. Turkish law requires workplaces, both public and private, to provide child care facilities for their employees, but most establishments do not comply with the rules to avoid additional costs. Instead of fulfilling their responsibilities, they prefer to pay fines" (para 1-2). "In 2015, the government launched a European Union-funded child care support program in three pilot provinces, under which working women with children ages 0-2 receive 416 euros ($441) per month provided they employ a socially insured nanny. The program, expanded to Ankara and Istanbul ...more