The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAD-LAW-1

Feb. 14, 2019, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for equal treatment of women with regard to property ownership and inheritance, family law, equal pay for equal work (although in practice women were often paid less), and in the judicial system, and the law was generally respected" (36).
Feb. 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"The Devolution of Estates Act (2007) provides that men and women have the same inheritance rights in the event of the death of a spouse or a parent, regardless of religious or ethnic identity. The law similarly provides sons and daughters with equal inheritance rights" (3)
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"Except for inheritance rights, women enjoyed the same legal status and rights as men including rights concerning family, labor, property, and nationality. The law prohibits discrimination against women under formal and customary, or traditional law. Inheritance, succession, and property rights are an exception; civil law defers to customary law, which discriminates against women and girls as it pertains to inheritance. Customary law limits inheritance to male heirs only; it does not permit women or girls to inherit property. A woman married under civil law may contest inheritance rights in civil court" (Pg 18-19).
Jan. 22, 2019, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: East Timor

"The law and practice on women’s inheritance rights is unclear. In 2009, the government reported that women and men have equal rights to inheritance. For instance, the government reported that the law provides that when the husband dies first, the inheritance will be divided between his wife and the children, or the inheritance will go to the wife only if they have no children. However, non-governmental organisations report that sons are generally recognised as the heads of family and recipients of family inheritance. A 2004 survey on inheritance rights of unmarried women found that women do inherit land differently under matrilineal and patrilineal systems. In the instance where women did...more
Jan. 22, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Les enfants ou leurs descendants succèdent à leurs père et mère, aïeuls et aïeules ou autres ascendants encore qu'ils soient issus de différents mariages ou nés hors mariage. Ifs succèdent par égales portions et par tête, quand ils sont tous au premier degré et appelés de leur chef. Ils succèdent par souches lorsqu'ils viennent tous ou en partie par représentation" (70). Translation: The children or their descendants inherit from their father and mother, grandfather and grandmother or other ancestors/forbears even though they are born of different marriages or born out of wedlock. They inherit in equal portions and per capita when they are all in the first degree and take...more
Jan. 8, 2019, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"The judge noted, for example, that in the northern part of Nigeria, the indigenous custom dictates that only the male child can inherit the land either owned by the father or mother. 'The female child cannot inherit except movable belongings owned by her mother,' Justice Onyeabo said. She also noted that among some ethnic groups in Kogi and Edo states, only the male children are recognised as lawful beneficiaries of their fathers’ real property, the female children are not taken into account. Generally in Igboland, she said, the eldest son inherits the entire father’s real assets; while in the Benin culture, only the eldest son inherits the father’s assets, according...more
Jan. 4, 2019, 4:28 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Bahamas –Women now have equal inheritance rights to men" (para 7).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia

"Sharia requires men, but not women, to provide for their families. Because of this expectation, in some instances sharia inheritance law provides men with a larger share of an inheritance. Some families avoided the application of sharia by executing sales contracts between parents and children to ensure that daughters received shares of property equal to those given sons. Non-Muslim women and their Muslim husbands may not inherit from each other. The government considers all children of those marriages to be Muslim and forbids those children from inheriting from their mothers. Spouses may, however, freely give up to a third of their estate to whomever they designate in their will" (page...more
Dec. 19, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia

"Mainstream Muslim clerics almost universally see the inheritance rules as enshrined in the Quran, Islam's holy book, and consider the rules on marriage to be equally unquestionable in Islamic law. The country's leading imams and theologians have issued a statement denouncing the president's proposals as a 'flagrant violation of the precepts' of Islam" (para 9, 10).
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Under traditional Islamic inheritance law, daughters inherit only half of what sons do" (26).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for equal inheritance for sons and daughters. Traditional inheritance laws stipulate that inheritance is matrilineal and that daughters inherit family land and daughters do not assume their father’s name at birth or their husband’s name upon marriage" (13).
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"According to law regulating inheritance and family matters, upon death the assets of the deceased are equally shared among the spouse and children, with second degree relatives only inheriting if all first degree relatives are deceased. In the event of a will, gender cannot be used as a condition to limit inheritance" (para 121)
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. Nevertheless, women faced pervasive discrimination, especially in rural areas where traditional customs, including polygyny and discriminatory rules of inheritance, were strongest" (page 16).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"By law women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men, including property and inheritance rights and religious and personal status, but it was not clear if the government enforced the law" (39).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"First group: the share of sons and daughters is one half the pension owed divided equally among them, in case of more than one beneficiary. A son is entitled to a share if he has not passed the age of 22, excluding a son whose inability to earn a livelihood is proven and a son who is registered in an educational institution up to university level, provided his age does not exceed 26 years. In order for a daughter to be eligible for a share of the pension, she must not be married, regardless of whether she is single, divorced, or widowed" (Pg 29).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Islamic law also governs estate inheritance, which grants male heirs twice the share of female heirs. According to the PGO, property is divided equally among siblings unless the men in the family demand a larger share" (19).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as men under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (para 110)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Women have the same legal status as men and enjoy identical rights under family, labor, property, inheritance, and nationality laws" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"A son may inherit double what a daughter inherits when their parent dies" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Although the law provides for equal inheritance rights for men and women, women continued to face cultural discrimination" (41).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law grants women equal shares of their parents’ inheritance and the right to keep their property after marriage, but many women were not aware of their rights, and others were afraid to challenge existing practice" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"A Muslim woman’s share of an inheritance, determined by sharia (Islamic law), varies depending on circumstances, but it is less than that of a man. Under sharia daughters receive half of what their brothers receive. If a woman is the only child, she receives half, and relatives receive the other half. A sole male heir would receive the entire estate...According to the law, women are entitled to a one-third share of inherited property" (29).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos

"The law also prohibits discrimination in marriage and inheritance, although varying degrees of cultural-based discrimination against women persisted, with greater discrimination practiced by some ethnic minority groups in remote areas" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Inheritance is also governed by sharia, which varies according to the specific school of Islamic jurisprudence. In the absence of a direct male heir, a Shia woman may inherit all property, while a Sunni woman inherits only a portion, with the balance divided among brothers, uncles, and male cousins of the deceased" (25).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:17 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides women the same legal status and rights as men, including rights under family law, property law, inheritance law, labor law, and in the judicial system" (13).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"A Muslim female heir receives half the amount of a male heir’s inheritance, and Christian widows of Muslims have no inheritance rights. A sole Muslim female heir receives half her parents’ estate, and the balance goes to the siblings of the parents or the children of the siblings if the siblings are deceased. A sole male heir, who is expected to provide for relatives, inherits his parents’ entire estate" (40).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee recalls its concern (see CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/5, para. 9) that there are no sanctions provided for in law for the violation of the constitutional prohibition of sex-based discrimination (art. 2) and, furthermore, that exceptions to non-discrimination exist in matters of family law and succession, in addition to practices harmful to the health of women and girls, including female genital mutilation and early marriage" (page 3-4). "The Committee . . . notes with concern the disproportionately adverse impact on rural women of the Land Code (2000), under which the application of customary law to land acquisition through succession, as well as to the administration of property, is recognized, thereby limiting women’s...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

". . . lack of access to ownership of land, as reflected in the low percentage of women who own land, and the existence of provisions in the land laws that do not address the issue of discriminatory inheritance practices against women" (page 14). "The Committee notes with appreciation that the State party has ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention, but is concerned that its views concerning communication No. 48/2013, adopted under article 7 (3) of the Optional Protocol at its sixtieth session, in March 2015, regarding discriminatory customary inheritance laws in the State party, have not been implemented and that the State party has provided no information on...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

" The constitution and law provide that men and women enjoy the same legal status and rights under family, labor, property, and inheritance law and in the judicial system," (55).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"With regard to inheritance law, article 741 of the Code stipulates that a surviving judicially separated spouse may not inherit her/his deceased spouse’s assets. That article is inconsistent with article 411 of the Code, under which in the event of separation the marital bond is maintained and so are the spouses’ rights and duties, except the obligation to reside together and support their children in common" (35).