The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for IAD-LAW-1

Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Under traditional Islamic inheritance law, daughters inherit only half of what sons do" (26).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for equal inheritance for sons and daughters. Traditional inheritance laws stipulate that inheritance is matrilineal and that daughters inherit family land and daughters do not assume their father’s name at birth or their husband’s name upon marriage" (13).
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"According to law regulating inheritance and family matters, upon death the assets of the deceased are equally shared among the spouse and children, with second degree relatives only inheriting if all first degree relatives are deceased. In the event of a will, gender cannot be used as a condition to limit inheritance" (para 121)
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. Nevertheless, women faced pervasive discrimination, especially in rural areas where traditional customs, including polygyny and discriminatory rules of inheritance, were strongest" (page 16).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"By law women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men, including property and inheritance rights and religious and personal status, but it was not clear if the government enforced the law" (39).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"First group: the share of sons and daughters is one half the pension owed divided equally among them, in case of more than one beneficiary. A son is entitled to a share if he has not passed the age of 22, excluding a son whose inability to earn a livelihood is proven and a son who is registered in an educational institution up to university level, provided his age does not exceed 26 years. In order for a daughter to be eligible for a share of the pension, she must not be married, regardless of whether she is single, divorced, or widowed" (Pg 29).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Islamic law also governs estate inheritance, which grants male heirs twice the share of female heirs. According to the PGO, property is divided equally among siblings unless the men in the family demand a larger share" (19).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as men under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (para 110)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Women have the same legal status as men and enjoy identical rights under family, labor, property, inheritance, and nationality laws" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"A son may inherit double what a daughter inherits when their parent dies" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Although the law provides for equal inheritance rights for men and women, women continued to face cultural discrimination" (41).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law grants women equal shares of their parents’ inheritance and the right to keep their property after marriage, but many women were not aware of their rights, and others were afraid to challenge existing practice" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"A Muslim woman’s share of an inheritance, determined by sharia (Islamic law), varies depending on circumstances, but it is less than that of a man. Under sharia daughters receive half of what their brothers receive. If a woman is the only child, she receives half, and relatives receive the other half. A sole male heir would receive the entire estate...According to the law, women are entitled to a one-third share of inherited property" (29).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits discrimination in marriage and inheritance, although varying degrees of cultural-based discrimination against women persisted, with greater discrimination practiced by some ethnic minority groups in remote areas" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"Inheritance is also governed by sharia, which varies according to the specific school of Islamic jurisprudence. In the absence of a direct male heir, a Shia woman may inherit all property, while a Sunni woman inherits only a portion, with the balance divided among brothers, uncles, and male cousins of the deceased" (25).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:17 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides women the same legal status and rights as men, including rights under family law, property law, inheritance law, labor law, and in the judicial system" (13).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"A Muslim female heir receives half the amount of a male heir’s inheritance, and Christian widows of Muslims have no inheritance rights. A sole Muslim female heir receives half her parents’ estate, and the balance goes to the siblings of the parents or the children of the siblings if the siblings are deceased. A sole male heir, who is expected to provide for relatives, inherits his parents’ entire estate" (40).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee recalls its concern (see CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/5, para. 9) that there are no sanctions provided for in law for the violation of the constitutional prohibition of sex-based discrimination (art. 2) and, furthermore, that exceptions to non-discrimination exist in matters of family law and succession, in addition to practices harmful to the health of women and girls, including female genital mutilation and early marriage" (page 3-4). "The Committee . . . notes with concern the disproportionately adverse impact on rural women of the Land Code (2000), under which the application of customary law to land acquisition through succession, as well as to the administration of property, is recognized, thereby limiting women’s...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

". . . lack of access to ownership of land, as reflected in the low percentage of women who own land, and the existence of provisions in the land laws that do not address the issue of discriminatory inheritance practices against women" (page 14). "The Committee notes with appreciation that the State party has ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention, but is concerned that its views concerning communication No. 48/2013, adopted under article 7 (3) of the Optional Protocol at its sixtieth session, in March 2015, regarding discriminatory customary inheritance laws in the State party, have not been implemented and that the State party has provided no information on...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

" The constitution and law provide that men and women enjoy the same legal status and rights under family, labor, property, and inheritance law and in the judicial system," (55).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"With regard to inheritance law, article 741 of the Code stipulates that a surviving judicially separated spouse may not inherit her/his deceased spouse’s assets. That article is inconsistent with article 411 of the Code, under which in the event of separation the marital bond is maintained and so are the spouses’ rights and duties, except the obligation to reside together and support their children in common" (35).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"That traditional inheritance systems continue to exclude women from land ownership" (14).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern that . . . discriminatory practices regarding land ownership and the administration of property and inheritance continue to limit women ’s access to economic resources and financial services (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 32); (b) That land tenure and rural development policies in the State party lack a gender perspective, and that, under Law No. 68 -012 (1968) relating to inheritance, co-heirs may agree that female heirs receive a lump sum instead of an equal share of inherited land . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Repeal discriminatory provisions in Law No. 68-012 (1968) and amend Law No. 2007-037 to eliminate all forms...more
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"The Indian legal system recognizes women's legal right to inheritance" (109). "The property rights enshrined in the Hindu Succession Act of 1956 (as amended in 2005) testimonies the liberal progressive approach of Indian political system by placing female property rights at par with their male counterparts. This development of identifying daughter as a coparcener in father’s ancestral property is phenomenal" (109). "The ancient schools of inheritance governing succession in India were namely Mitakshara; along with regional variations into Banaras, Mithilia, Maharashtra and Dravidian schools and Dayabhaga; observed in Bengal and Assam. Generally the succession in Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) follows strict male lineage, where male members are coparceners with right...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"However, Burundian legislation still contains some outmoded laws and some matters have not been legislated. Nevertheless, reforms are under way. They have to do, in particular, with: 1) Inheritance, matrimonial regimes and gifts, which are still governed by customary law" (9). This indicates that there are currently no laws on inheritance rights of women (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "However, given the lack of a law on inheritance, marital property and gifts (SRML), women are restricted in their entitlement to legal remedy because the tendency is to resort to custom" (30). The lack of a law on inheritance implies that daughters are not legally able to inherit from their fathers (CODER COMMENT-BCT).more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee also notes with concern that a number of draft laws and policies with an important bearing on women’s rights, such as the bills on marriage, administration of estates, transnational crime, employment, legal aid, sexual offences and domestic violence and the land policy, are pending, with no specific time frame for their adoption" (page 2).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Law of Succession Act discriminates against women in respect of inheritance rights. The Act’s basic provisions guarantee equal inheritance rights for male and female children, and the equal right to produce a will by both male and female parents. However, Sections 32 and 33 of the Act expressly exclude all agricultural land, cattle and crops from legislated inheritance and instead places their succession under the purview of customary law as specifically defined by the appropriate minister in Kenya’s official Gazette. For the aforementioned reasons, it is likely that decisions under these customary laws will discriminate against women and girls. In addition, rules governing ‘intestate’ succession create a hierarchy for...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"A Supreme Court bench said the amended Hindu Succession Act of 2005 stipulated that a daughter would be a 'coparcener' [one who shares equally in the inheritance of an undivided property] since birth, and have the 'same rights and liabilities' as a son. With the coming of the Hindu succession act in 2005, daughters got equal rights in their ancestral assets. Last week, the Supreme Court clarified that the law applies to all daughters, irrespective of whether they were born before or after the coming of the law" (para 1-2). "The court said that her (a daughter's) share in ancestral property could not be denied on the ground that she...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned about...Persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance law, both as daughters and as widows" (17).