The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAD-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar

"Women are discriminated against in the realm of property and inheritance as well since the Government recognizes the authority of village elders and religious or ethnic leaders to adjudicate property rights. For example, Kachin customary law favors sons over daughter in inheritance disputes; in divorce cases, the Palaung and the Kachin grant property to the husband as a matter of right" (page 28).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros

"The Comoran society is a matrilineal society in which the transfer of goods passes through the female line; in addition, traditionally, the Comoran society relies on a matrilocal system in which, once a marriage is finalized, it is the male spouse who goes to live in the region of origin of his wife" (page 236).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives

"Women have been historically disadvantaged, particularly in the application of Islamic law in matters such as divorce, education, inheritance, and providing legal testimony, including on rape" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Although the law provides for equal inheritance rights for men and women, women continued to face cultural discrimination. A son was more likely to inherit property than was a daughter, unless otherwise specified by a legal document. A study conducted in December 2014 showed women had less information than men on land access and that a cultural preference for sons over daughters for inheritance was still prevalent, despite the legal mandate that all citizens have equal rights" (41).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The proportion that women inherit depends upon their relationship to the deceased; in the cases of siblings, sisters inherit only one-half as much as their brothers" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law grants women equal shares of their parents’ inheritance and the right to keep their property after marriage, but many women were not aware of their rights, and others were afraid to challenge existing practice" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos

"The law also prohibits discrimination in marriage and inheritance, although varying degrees of cultural-based discrimination against women persisted, with greater discrimination practiced by some ethnic minority groups in remote areas" (20).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali

"The Committee . . . notes with concern the disproportionately adverse impact on rural women of the Land Code (2000), under which the application of customary law to land acquisition through succession, as well as to the administration of property, is recognized, thereby limiting women’s access to economic resources and financial credit" (page 11-12).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee . . . is also concerned that discriminatory customary laws and practices persist with regard to marriage and family relations, including concerning inheritance by widows and daughters and property ownership . . . The Committee notes with appreciation that the State party has ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention, but is concerned that its views concerning communication No. 48/2013, adopted under article 7 (3) of the Optional Protocol at its sixtieth session, in March 2015, regarding discriminatory customary inheritance laws in the State party, have not been implemented and that the State party has provided no information on action taken in the light of those views and...more
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"the Committee is concerned about the persistence of discriminatory provisions in the law, including in the Penal Code, the Land Development Ordinance which gives preference to male heirs over females, the general personal laws, the Muslim Personal Law, the Kandyan Law and the Tesawalamai Law" (3).
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"the Committee is concerned about the persistence of discriminatory provisions in the law, including in the Penal Code, the Land Development Ordinance which gives preference to male heirs over females, the general personal laws, the Muslim Personal Law, the Kandyan Law and the Tesawalamai Law" (3).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl...more
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"This development of identifying daughter as a coparcener in father’s ancestral property is phenomenal, although it contradicts Indian social structure as well as system. Patriarchy, traditional mindset of society, gendered socialization process and above all socio-cultural morality obstructs implementation of an otherwise egalitarian law" (109). "The findings state that despite a high level of awareness regarding inheritance rights, women prefer not to invoke them in the face of socio-cultural barriers" (109). "The explicit as well as implicit implementation of Hindu Succession Act 1956 (as amended in 2005) contradicts the traditional value system of Indian society that defies daughters inheritance staunchly in the wake of male agnates and cognates. Furthermore the...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to improve the living conditions of rural women, but remains concerned about: (a) Rural women’s limited access to land owing to legal and sociocultural barriers with regard to their right to inheritance and limited access to decision-making processes concerning the use of land; (b) Land grabbing by huge agricultural companies from local farmers who are the traditional users, which contributes to the increase in poverty of rural women; (c) Rural women’s limited access to adequate health care, education, public transportation, food, water and sanitation, income-generating opportunities and social protection; (d) Barriers faced by rural women in gaining access to microcredit....more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Regarding inheritance, the Islamic Sharia guarentees the right of a man and woman to inherity. It sets out rules regulating matters of inheritance, the entitlement of each heir based on the heir's status and degree of kinship to the testator and the duties of the heir to the family. In certain cases, a man may inherit more than a woman. In other cases, a woman may inherit more than a man. In other cases, the share of the man is equal to the share of the woman. In other cases, a woman inherits and her brother does not inherit, i.e., she block him from inheriting. If a man inherits more...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Law of Succession Act discriminates against women in respect of inheritance rights. The Act’s basic provisions guarantee equal inheritance rights for male and female children, and the equal right to produce a will by both male and female parents. However, Sections 32 and 33 of the Act expressly exclude all agricultural land, cattle and crops from legislated inheritance and instead places their succession under the purview of customary law as specifically defined by the appropriate minister in Kenya’s official Gazette. For the aforementioned reasons, it is likely that decisions under these customary laws will discriminate against women and girls. In addition, rules governing ‘intestate’ succession create a hierarchy for...more
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Sasse, from Morawa in Western Australia, says women have traditionally been disadvantaged because of the tradition of sons inheriting farms" (Para 24).
Feb. 23, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"It added that the law was amended to give daughters equal status to sons' in property matters. The bench added that: 'These changes have been sought... on the touchstone of equality, thus seeking to remove the perceived disability and prejudice to which a daughter was subjected'" (para 7-8). "The clarification came in the wake of a plea filed by two sisters of the Savadi family to claim their late father, Gurulingappa Savadi's property. Their brother refused the share, which forced them to take the case to the courts in 2002. The trial court dismissed their plea in 2007 by agreeing with the brothers' argument which said that the sisters were...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] remains concerned, however, about…The prevalence of discriminatory practices that prevent rural women from inheriting or acquiring ownership of agricultural land and other property" (15).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Children are considered descendants of the father, and are required to bear his family name, because of the implications for inheritance" (70).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan

"The persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance law, both as daughters and as widows" (Pg 17).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"A daughter does not inherit unless there are no sons. It is expected that a certain amount of the father's property be designated for his daughter's dowry and may be claimed from the brother's inheritance" (15).
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"According to The Asia Foundation’s 2016 Survey of the Afghan People . . . Nearly 88 percent of respondents say that a daughter should be entitled to part of the inheritance from her deceased father" (para 4). "Stated acceptability of a daughter’s entitlement to part of her deceased father’s inheritance is high among respondents with some level of education compared to those with no formal education" (para 8).
Dec. 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Egyptian parliament passed a new Inheritance law Dec. 5 giving women their legitimate right to inheritance after the majority had been deprived of it, especially in Upper Egypt where cultural norms and traditions are ingrained with sexism" (para 1). "NCW Director Maya Morsi told Al-Monitor, 'We reached 1.2 million women in rural and underprivileged areas in our 'Tareq al-abwab' ['door knockin'] campaign to familiarize women depriced of inheritance of their rights.' The gampaign aims at reaching out to women in villages and remote areas in Egypt's governantes, especially in Upper Egypt, to raise awareness of their rights and help them improve their economic and social conditions" (para 4-5). "'the...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: Jordan

"in Jordan, a 2010 regulation tightened the procedures to transfer inheritance rights after countless women were pressured to waive rights to their full inheritance" (para 8).
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"A recent study in Ecuador found that due to its community property regime and equal inheritance practices, the gender gap in asset ownership is almost absent (Deere and Diaz 2011)"(26)
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Bhutan is traditionally matrilineal with daughters inheriting land and other assets from their mothers, and children being treated equally in inheritance laws"(25)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Though the Marriage Law gave women the right to land within the household unit and the Agrarian Reform Law granted men and women equal rights to land in general, in much of rural PRC customary practices prevail. Sons, rather than widows or daughters, continue to be considered the natural heirs of land (OECD 2010, p. 25)"(25)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In India, even after amendments introduced in 2005 to the Hindu Succession Act giving women equal rights to their natal family assets, women’s inheritance of property is rare. (The first reform of the Hindu Succession Act in 1956 guaranteed equal inheritance rights for sons and daughters, but exempted agricultural land [Ramachandran 2006, p. 4].)"(25)."Women tend to renounce their claim to their entitled natal property in order to maintain good social relations with their brothers. Additionally, women may accept a lump-sum payment in lieu of their property rights in order to preserve visitation rights to the parental home"(25)