The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAD-PRACTICE-1

April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl ...more
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"This development of identifying daughter as a coparcener in father’s ancestral property is phenomenal, although it contradicts Indian social structure as well as system. Patriarchy, traditional mindset of society, gendered socialization process and above all socio-cultural morality obstructs implementation of an otherwise egalitarian law" (109). "The findings state that despite a high level of awareness regarding inheritance rights, women prefer not to invoke them in the face of socio-cultural barriers" (109). "The explicit as well as implicit implementation of Hindu Succession Act 1956 (as amended in 2005) contradicts the traditional value system of Indian society that defies daughters inheritance staunchly in the wake of male agnates and cognates. Furthermore the ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, POLY-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy ...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to improve the living conditions of rural women, but remains concerned about: (a) Rural women’s limited access to land owing to legal and sociocultural barriers with regard to their right to inheritance and limited access to decision-making processes concerning the use of land; (b) Land grabbing by huge agricultural companies from local farmers who are the traditional users, which contributes to the increase in poverty of rural women; (c) Rural women’s limited access to adequate health care, education, public transportation, food, water and sanitation, income-generating opportunities and social protection; (d) Barriers faced by rural women in gaining access to microcredit. ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Regarding inheritance, the Islamic Sharia guarentees the right of a man and woman to inherity. It sets out rules regulating matters of inheritance, the entitlement of each heir based on the heir's status and degree of kinship to the testator and the duties of the heir to the family. In certain cases, a man may inherit more than a woman. In other cases, a woman may inherit more than a man. In other cases, the share of the man is equal to the share of the woman. In other cases, a woman inherits and her brother does not inherit, i.e., she block him from inheriting. If a man inherits more ...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Law of Succession Act discriminates against women in respect of inheritance rights. The Act’s basic provisions guarantee equal inheritance rights for male and female children, and the equal right to produce a will by both male and female parents. However, Sections 32 and 33 of the Act expressly exclude all agricultural land, cattle and crops from legislated inheritance and instead places their succession under the purview of customary law as specifically defined by the appropriate minister in Kenya’s official Gazette. For the aforementioned reasons, it is likely that decisions under these customary laws will discriminate against women and girls. In addition, rules governing ‘intestate’ succession create a hierarchy for ...more
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Sasse, from Morawa in Western Australia, says women have traditionally been disadvantaged because of the tradition of sons inheriting farms" (Para 24).
Feb. 23, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"It added that the law was amended to give daughters equal status to sons' in property matters. The bench added that: 'These changes have been sought... on the touchstone of equality, thus seeking to remove the perceived disability and prejudice to which a daughter was subjected'" (para 7-8). "The clarification came in the wake of a plea filed by two sisters of the Savadi family to claim their late father, Gurulingappa Savadi's property. Their brother refused the share, which forced them to take the case to the courts in 2002. The trial court dismissed their plea in 2007 by agreeing with the brothers' argument which said that the sisters were ...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] remains concerned, however, about…The prevalence of discriminatory practices that prevent rural women from inheriting or acquiring ownership of agricultural land and other property" (15).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Children are considered descendants of the father, and are required to bear his family name, because of the implications for inheritance" (70).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance law, both as daughters and as widows" (Pg 17).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"A daughter does not inherit unless there are no sons. It is expected that a certain amount of the father's property be designated for his daughter's dowry and may be claimed from the brother's inheritance" (15).
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"According to The Asia Foundation’s 2016 Survey of the Afghan People . . . Nearly 88 percent of respondents say that a daughter should be entitled to part of the inheritance from her deceased father" (para 4). "Stated acceptability of a daughter’s entitlement to part of her deceased father’s inheritance is high among respondents with some level of education compared to those with no formal education" (para 8).
Dec. 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Egyptian parliament passed a new Inheritance law Dec. 5 giving women their legitimate right to inheritance after the majority had been deprived of it, especially in Upper Egypt where cultural norms and traditions are ingrained with sexism" (para 1). "NCW Director Maya Morsi told Al-Monitor, 'We reached 1.2 million women in rural and underprivileged areas in our 'Tareq al-abwab' ['door knockin'] campaign to familiarize women depriced of inheritance of their rights.' The gampaign aims at reaching out to women in villages and remote areas in Egypt's governantes, especially in Upper Egypt, to raise awareness of their rights and help them improve their economic and social conditions" (para 4-5). "'the ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"in Jordan, a 2010 regulation tightened the procedures to transfer inheritance rights after countless women were pressured to waive rights to their full inheritance" (para 8).
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"A recent study in Ecuador found that due to its community property regime and equal inheritance practices, the gender gap in asset ownership is almost absent (Deere and Diaz 2011)"(26)
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Bhutan is traditionally matrilineal with daughters inheriting land and other assets from their mothers, and children being treated equally in inheritance laws"(25)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Though the Marriage Law gave women the right to land within the household unit and the Agrarian Reform Law granted men and women equal rights to land in general, in much of rural PRC customary practices prevail. Sons, rather than widows or daughters, continue to be considered the natural heirs of land (OECD 2010, p. 25)"(25)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In India, even after amendments introduced in 2005 to the Hindu Succession Act giving women equal rights to their natal family assets, women’s inheritance of property is rare. (The first reform of the Hindu Succession Act in 1956 guaranteed equal inheritance rights for sons and daughters, but exempted agricultural land [Ramachandran 2006, p. 4].)"(25)."Women tend to renounce their claim to their entitled natal property in order to maintain good social relations with their brothers. Additionally, women may accept a lump-sum payment in lieu of their property rights in order to preserve visitation rights to the parental home"(25)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Bangladesh, for instance, follows Muslim religious laws for inheritance, which stipulate that a daughter inherits one-half the share of her brother, a wife can claim one-eighth of the property, while a mother gets one-sixth (Ramachandran 2006)"(25)
Nov. 27, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"As the Afghan Ministry of Justice estimates, 90 percent of Afghans decide land rights according to customary laws – regulations developed and instituted at the regional and tribal level. For this reason, few Afghan women are able to capitalize on their right to inherit and own property" (para 2). "While customary law varies throughout the country, it typically pressures a woman to relinquish her share of an inheritance to her brothers in order to ensure her social protection in case of divorce; demonstrate family loyalty; and avoid discrimination and shame at the hands of her community" (para 3). "The U.S. Institute of Peace recommends addressing women's land rights within an ...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 12:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"As the Afghan Ministry of Justice estimates, 90 percent of Afghans decide land rights according to customary laws – regulations developed and instituted at the regional and tribal level. For this reason, few Afghan women are able to capitalize on their right to inherit and own property" (para 2). "While customary law varies throughout the country, it typically pressures a woman to relinquish her share of an inheritance to her brothers in order to ensure her social protection in case of divorce; demonstrate family loyalty; and avoid discrimination and shame at the hands of her community. The cultural expectation is that a woman's husband will become her economic provider and ...more
Aug. 11, 2017, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"'I have daughter only. I should give birth of son for having ancentral property. Son couldn't born if I commit sin. I would stay in shed once I have baby boy'"(para 4). This statement was made by Nandasara Sarki from Badhu, Bajura (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Son you should focus on your studies instead of wasting your time playing on your phone at all times. You need to study hard! After all, you will be the one who shall take care of us when we are old and eventually inherit our property". The father tells his son this at 0:01. He also has a daughter (ENB-Coder Comment)
June 21, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Most single mothers live in apartments inherited from deceased relatives or parents" (70).
June 17, 2017, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Colombia, Venezuela
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“The Guajiro are an Indian community in Colombia and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) ... Today, keeping cattle, as well as sheep and goats, is the mainstay of their livelihoods. The animals are eaten, marketed and accumulated for prestige. Both men and women own livestock. However, the society is matrilineal and women do not perform any direct tasks with livestock – they only use them for various transactions, such as selling, gifting and inheriting. When a man dies, many of his animals are sacrificed, with remainder passed on to his brothers and nephews. When a woman dies, her animals are inherited by her children. The transmission of property is a complex ...more
June 17, 2017, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Indigenous women living on reserves (where land is held communally) have matrimonial property rights. First Nations may choose to follow federal law or enact their own rules related to matrimonial real property rights and interests that respect their customs” (15).
June 12, 2017, 3:41 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Ms. Taib (Brunei Darussalam) said that Islam permitted the equal division of inheritance, on the condition that there was a consensus among the parties. Furthermore, Islam encouraged the making of gifts to women, and men were expected to fulfill the role of breadwinner. Therefore, men were entitled to a greater share of inheritance than women” (6).
June 12, 2017, 9:22 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

“In accordance with the government’s interpretation of the Quran’s precepts, Muslim women and men are accorded different rights. For example, Islamic family law ... requires that men receive twice the inheritance of women” (16).
June 1, 2017, 7:52 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

“The 1981 law on inheritance does not discriminate on the grounds of gender.[12] According to data gathered by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), while Afro-Trinidadian communities do not necessarily favour males over females, inheritance has traditionally been patrilineal among the country’s East Indian communities. This gap has shifted to a more egalitarian distribution in recent years. In terms of customary practices that affect inheritance rights for women, polygamy, for example, continues to be practiced in Trinidad and Tobago, despite being punishable by law” (para 4).