The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAD-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"A daughter does not inherit unless there are no sons. It is expected that a certain amount of the father's property be designated for his daughter's dowry and may be claimed from the brother's inheritance" (15).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"According to The Asia Foundation’s 2016 Survey of the Afghan People . . . Nearly 88 percent of respondents say that a daughter should be entitled to part of the inheritance from her deceased father" (para 4). "Stated acceptability of a daughter’s entitlement to part of her deceased father’s inheritance is high among respondents with some level of education compared to those with no formal education" (para 8).
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"According to The Asia Foundation’s 2016 Survey of the Afghan People . . . Nearly 88 percent of respondents say that a daughter should be entitled to part of the inheritance from her deceased father" (para 4). "Stated acceptability of a daughter’s entitlement to part of her deceased father’s inheritance is high among respondents with some level of education compared to those with no formal education" (para 8).
Dec. 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Egyptian parliament passed a new Inheritance law Dec. 5 giving women their legitimate right to inheritance after the majority had been deprived of it, especially in Upper Egypt where cultural norms and traditions are ingrained with sexism" (para 1). "NCW Director Maya Morsi told Al-Monitor, 'We reached 1.2 million women in rural and underprivileged areas in our 'Tareq al-abwab' ['door knockin'] campaign to familiarize women depriced of inheritance of their rights.' The gampaign aims at reaching out to women in villages and remote areas in Egypt's governantes, especially in Upper Egypt, to raise awareness of their rights and help them improve their economic and social conditions" (para 4-5). "'the ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"in Jordan, a 2010 regulation tightened the procedures to transfer inheritance rights after countless women were pressured to waive rights to their full inheritance" (para 8).
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"A recent study in Ecuador found that due to its community property regime and equal inheritance practices, the gender gap in asset ownership is almost absent (Deere and Diaz 2011)"(26)
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Bhutan is traditionally matrilineal with daughters inheriting land and other assets from their mothers, and children being treated equally in inheritance laws"(25)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Though the Marriage Law gave women the right to land within the household unit and the Agrarian Reform Law granted men and women equal rights to land in general, in much of rural PRC customary practices prevail. Sons, rather than widows or daughters, continue to be considered the natural heirs of land (OECD 2010, p. 25)"(25)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In India, even after amendments introduced in 2005 to the Hindu Succession Act giving women equal rights to their natal family assets, women’s inheritance of property is rare. (The first reform of the Hindu Succession Act in 1956 guaranteed equal inheritance rights for sons and daughters, but exempted agricultural land [Ramachandran 2006, p. 4].)"(25)."Women tend to renounce their claim to their entitled natal property in order to maintain good social relations with their brothers. Additionally, women may accept a lump-sum payment in lieu of their property rights in order to preserve visitation rights to the parental home"(25)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Bangladesh, for instance, follows Muslim religious laws for inheritance, which stipulate that a daughter inherits one-half the share of her brother, a wife can claim one-eighth of the property, while a mother gets one-sixth (Ramachandran 2006)"(25)
Nov. 27, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"As the Afghan Ministry of Justice estimates, 90 percent of Afghans decide land rights according to customary laws – regulations developed and instituted at the regional and tribal level. For this reason, few Afghan women are able to capitalize on their right to inherit and own property" (para 2). "While customary law varies throughout the country, it typically pressures a woman to relinquish her share of an inheritance to her brothers in order to ensure her social protection in case of divorce; demonstrate family loyalty; and avoid discrimination and shame at the hands of her community" (para 3). "The U.S. Institute of Peace recommends addressing women's land rights within an ...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 12:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"As the Afghan Ministry of Justice estimates, 90 percent of Afghans decide land rights according to customary laws – regulations developed and instituted at the regional and tribal level. For this reason, few Afghan women are able to capitalize on their right to inherit and own property" (para 2). "While customary law varies throughout the country, it typically pressures a woman to relinquish her share of an inheritance to her brothers in order to ensure her social protection in case of divorce; demonstrate family loyalty; and avoid discrimination and shame at the hands of her community. The cultural expectation is that a woman's husband will become her economic provider and ...more
Aug. 11, 2017, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"'I have daughter only. I should give birth of son for having ancentral property. Son couldn't born if I commit sin. I would stay in shed once I have baby boy'"(para 4). This statement was made by Nandasara Sarki from Badhu, Bajura (ENB-Coder Comment)
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Son you should focus on your studies instead of wasting your time playing on your phone at all times. You need to study hard! After all, you will be the one who shall take care of us when we are old and eventually inherit our property". The father tells his son this at 0:01. He also has a daughter (ENB-Coder Comment)
June 21, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Most single mothers live in apartments inherited from deceased relatives or parents" (70).
June 17, 2017, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Colombia, Venezuela
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“The Guajiro are an Indian community in Colombia and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) ... Today, keeping cattle, as well as sheep and goats, is the mainstay of their livelihoods. The animals are eaten, marketed and accumulated for prestige. Both men and women own livestock. However, the society is matrilineal and women do not perform any direct tasks with livestock – they only use them for various transactions, such as selling, gifting and inheriting. When a man dies, many of his animals are sacrificed, with remainder passed on to his brothers and nephews. When a woman dies, her animals are inherited by her children. The transmission of property is a complex ...more
June 17, 2017, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Indigenous women living on reserves (where land is held communally) have matrimonial property rights. First Nations may choose to follow federal law or enact their own rules related to matrimonial real property rights and interests that respect their customs” (15).
June 12, 2017, 3:41 p.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Ms. Taib (Brunei Darussalam) said that Islam permitted the equal division of inheritance, on the condition that there was a consensus among the parties. Furthermore, Islam encouraged the making of gifts to women, and men were expected to fulfill the role of breadwinner. Therefore, men were entitled to a greater share of inheritance than women” (6).
June 12, 2017, 9:22 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

“In accordance with the government’s interpretation of the Quran’s precepts, Muslim women and men are accorded different rights. For example, Islamic family law ... requires that men receive twice the inheritance of women” (16).
June 1, 2017, 7:52 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

“The 1981 law on inheritance does not discriminate on the grounds of gender.[12] According to data gathered by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), while Afro-Trinidadian communities do not necessarily favour males over females, inheritance has traditionally been patrilineal among the country’s East Indian communities. This gap has shifted to a more egalitarian distribution in recent years. In terms of customary practices that affect inheritance rights for women, polygamy, for example, continues to be practiced in Trinidad and Tobago, despite being punishable by law” (para 4).
May 31, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“The pattern of patrilineal farm succession is still rooted deeply in today’s family farms, although daughters and sons have equal rights to inherit land and to be the successor of the family farm. Gender-segregated socialisation and education significantly contribute to that pattern despite the modernisation of rural areas” (673).
May 31, 2017, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Land is often acquired by inheritance ... the patrilineal inheritance system excludes most women from owning land (even communal land), and the issue of land tenure remains complicated and tenuous” (9).
May 30, 2017, 11:39 a.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"While women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men under ... inheritance laws, they experienced discrimination in some areas" (1).
May 30, 2017, 7:45 a.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

“In FYR Macedonia, land ownership averages 16 percent for women. One community, Aerodrom, has piloted activities to reverse this tendency, concentrating on the economic empowerment of women, and encouraging parents to divide property equally among their male and female children” (para 10).
May 30, 2017, 7:31 a.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

According to the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report of 2014, Macedonia scored a 0 on a scale of 0 to 1 assessing daughters’ inheritance rights with 0 being the best score and 1 being the worst (TPJ – CODER COMMENT).
May 29, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Wives felt secure in continuing to bear the respected title of ‘Mrs.’ and knowing that their and their children’s inheritance was intact. ... Stories are told in Jamaica of husbands completely disinheriting their wives by assigning their holdings to the other family in their wills” (114).
May 29, 2017, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“In the case of the Rio Grande Valley, the situation of land ownership of small-scale farmers is similar to the rest of Jamaica. The majority of the farmers (men and women) occupy family land that is regarded as an unlimited resource. The work of Besson refers to family land as unlimited, rooted in the central tenet of the institution: namely, that such land sustains all the founder’s descendants, traced through both sexes, forever. This central principle is stipulated by the ancestors who established the family land and is reiterated by his or her descendents down the generations. Family land is, therefore, based on an unrestricted cognatic descent system” (42).more
May 29, 2017, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Inheritance continues to be handled according to Islamic Sharia law, which favors male heirs. Daughters, for instance, receive half as much of an estate as sons. Widows without children may receive nothing, especially in rural areas, where traditional beliefs prevail. The argument in favor of gender bias in inheritance law is that women are not expected to provide for their families and children, although this holds less true in Tunisia than in most of the Muslim world” (1212).
May 29, 2017, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“According to InformantLCSO-7, one of the informants working for the national rural women‘s network in Cusco, women‘s rights are often violated due to the machismo mindset: Women obtain land through marriage, and do not need to inherit land. This practice is still present” (53-54).
May 29, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Our qualitative studies indicate that male preference in inheritance of land is still strong in the Peruvian highland” (25).