The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAW-LAW-1

July 17, 2018, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The law also grants widows complete access and authority to the estate of their deceased husbands; however, traditional attitudes stigmatizing and shunning widows persisted, and communities often ignored the law, while the government did not take sufficient measures to enforce it" (30-31).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

". . . lack of access to ownership of land, as reflected in the low percentage of women who own land, and the existence of provisions in the land laws that do not address the issue of discriminatory inheritance practices against women" (page 14). "The Committee notes with appreciation that the State party has ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention, but is concerned that its views concerning communication No. 48/2013, adopted under article 7 (3) of the Optional Protocol at its sixtieth session, in March 2015, regarding discriminatory customary inheritance laws in the State party, have not been implemented and that the State party has provided no information on...more
June 5, 2018, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The media reported that, on March 14, the Supreme Court upheld a prior sharia law ruling from 2013 rejecting civil law provisions in an estate case. The court ruled that the deceased individual’s sister-in-law, under sharia law in Thrace, could claim part of her brother’s real estate property even though he had named his wife as full beneficiary in his public will and testament filed in a civil court" (22).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

" The constitution and law provide that men and women enjoy the same legal status and rights under family, labor, property, and inheritance law and in the judicial system," (55).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits discrimination in marriage and inheritance, although varying degrees of cultural-based discrimination against women persisted, with greater discrimination practiced by some ethnic minority groups in remote areas" (20).
May 29, 2018, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law provides women the same legal status and rights as men, including rights under family law, property law, inheritance law, labor law, and in the judicial system" (13).
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
April 26, 2018, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Women have the same legal status as men and enjoy identical rights under family, labor, property, inheritance, and nationality laws" (11).
April 25, 2018, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Women have the same legal status as men and enjoy identical rights under family, labor, property, inheritance, and nationality laws" (11).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Dying testate is the legal terminology used to refer to someone who dies leaving a will. In this case, his/her estate will be divided amongst beneficiaries laid out in the will. On the other hand, when someone dies intestate refers to someone who dies without leaving a will. His/her estate is divided amongst surviving spouse, children and other close relatives in accordance with the Succession, Probate and Administration Act, Cap 60. According to the Act, the surviving spouse (or civil partner), for example, he or she will have priority over any other relatives for either all or a certain amount of the estate" (38).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"That traditional inheritance systems continue to exclude women from land ownership" (14).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern that . . . discriminatory practices regarding land ownership and the administration of property and inheritance continue to limit women ’s access to economic resources and financial services (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 32); (b) That land tenure and rural development policies in the State party lack a gender perspective, and that, under Law No. 68 -012 (1968) relating to inheritance, co-heirs may agree that female heirs receive a lump sum instead of an equal share of inherited land . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Repeal discriminatory provisions in Law No. 68-012 (1968) and amend Law No. 2007-037 to eliminate all forms...more
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"The Indian legal system recognizes women's legal right to inheritance" (109). "The ancient schools of inheritance governing succession in India were namely Mitakshara; along with regional variations into Banaras, Mithilia, Maharashtra and Dravidian schools and Dayabhaga; observed in Bengal and Assam. Generally the succession in Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) follows strict male lineage, where male members are coparceners with right of survivorship whereas women (widowed or mothers in case of minor male heirs) usually work as caretakers of the property" (109). "The [Hindu Succession Act of 1956] also converted the limited estate provided to widowed women into absolute one" (109).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"However, Burundian legislation still contains some outmoded laws and some matters have not been legislated. Nevertheless, reforms are under way. They have to do, in particular, with: 1) Inheritance, matrimonial regimes and gifts, which are still governed by customary law" (9). This indicates that there are currently no laws on inheritance rights of women (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "However, given the lack of a law on inheritance, marital property and gifts (SRML), women are restricted in their entitlement to legal remedy because the tendency is to resort to custom" (30). The lack of a law on inheritance implies that wives are not legally allowed to inherit from their husbands (CODER COMMENT-BCT).more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee also notes with concern that a number of draft laws and policies with an important bearing on women’s rights, such as the bills on marriage, administration of estates, transnational crime, employment, legal aid, sexual offences and domestic violence and the land policy, are pending, with no specific time frame for their adoption" (page 2).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Regarding inheritance, the Islamic Sharia guarentees the right of a man and woman to inherity. It sets out rules regulating matters of inheritance, the entitlement of each heir based on the heir's status and degree of kinship to the testator and the duties of the heir to the family. In certain cases, a man may inherit more than a woman. In other cases, a woman may inherit more than a man. In other cases, the share of the man is equal to the share of the woman...If a man inherits more than a woman, the man is required to provide maintenance of the woman, whereas a woman is not required...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned about...Persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance law, both as daughters and as widows" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"A widow may also inherit such benefits and compensation from her deceased pensioner husband" (57). "a wife has a fixed share of her deceased husband’s inheritance, which is one eighth if she there are children or grandchildren by the son. (Children are considered to include sons, daughters and children of a son.) If there are no children, the wife gets one fourth of the inheritance. The wife is entitled to take her dowry and all debts out of the inheritance prior to it being distributed to any of the other heirs, even if that debt absorbs the entire inheritance" (71).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The law provided for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance, as well as employment, credit, pay, owning and/or managing businesses, education, and housing" (15).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In inheritance, the rabbinical court authority is contingent on the consent of all parties involved. If one party objects to consideration of the case in the rabbinical courts, the case will be referred to the family courts or to the inheritance registrar" (12).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-DATA-3, IAW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and women enjoyed the same legal status and rights as men under family, labor, property, and inheritance law. The law recognizes joint property in marriages"(17)
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The dispossession of old women continues despite laws that, on paper, protect them from predatory in-laws" (para 5). "The laws restraining in-laws only apply to women who can prove that they were married. But as many as 80% of marriages in the countryside are 'customary' and not registered in writing anywhere, so widows going to court to enforce their rights end up having to ask their in-laws to confirm that they were indeed married" (para 6). "Solving the problem is not a question of passing new legislation but of extending the rule of written laws" (para 8).
Dec. 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Egyptian parliament passed a new Inheritance law Dec. 5 giving women their legitimate right to inheritance" (para 1). "Article 49 of the new law states that anyone who deliberately denies the heir, be it a man or a woman, their legal share of the inheritance or confiscates a document confirming this share shall be jailed for six months at least and be subject to a fine ranging between 20,000 Egyptian pounds ($1,122) at least and 100,000 pounds at most. In case of recidivism, the prison sentence shall be no less than one year" (para 2).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:40 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"When India provided women and men the same rights to inherit joint family property, families spent twice as much on their daughters’ education and women were more likely to have bank accounts" (para 10).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"in Jordan, a 2010 regulation tightened the procedures to transfer inheritance rights after countless women were pressured to waive rights to their full inheritance" (para 8).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In Tunisia, a female heir receives half as much inheritance as a male heir" (para 8).
Nov. 30, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"A recent study in Ecuador found that due to its community property regime and equal inheritance practices, the gender gap in asset ownership is almost absent (Deere and Diaz 2011)"(26)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Bangladesh, for instance, follows Muslim religious laws for inheritance, which stipulate that a daughter inherits one-half the share of her brother, a wife can claim one-eighth of the property, while a mother gets one-sixth (Ramachandran 2006)"(25)
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"[Women experience l]egal barriers to inheritance which deprive women from accessing their share of freehold land ownership" (para 10).