The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAW-LAW-1

Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, CUST-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"According to UNICEF, many widows were unable to inherit their late husbands’ property because the law states that in event of a death in which there is no will, the husband’s children, including those born out of wedlock (provided that they were officially recognized by the father), rather than the widow, have precedence with regard to inheritance" (page 41).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for equality of persons without regard to gender, creed, belief, origin, race, or religion. Nevertheless, inheritance and property rights practices favor women. Local cultures are traditionally matrilineal, and all inheritable property is in the legal possession of women" (page 9).
Aug. 3, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Although Article 20(1) of the Constitution states that women are not to be discriminated against on the basis of gender, the Country Code still contains discriminatory provisions as to inheritance and property. For instance, married daughters are not considered in the succession line and unmarried daughters can dispose of only 50 percent of their immovable property on will, while they need the consent of a male guardian for the disposal of the remaining 50 percent. Moreover, a daughter has the right to her mother’s exclusive property only if her father and brother are not alive. Despite Article 20(4) of the Constitution states that sons and daughters have equal rights to...more
Aug. 3, 2019, 5:51 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In terms of the inheritance of moveable property women, where eligible, receive half the share of an equivalently positioned male family member in Niger, as stipulated in Islamic law. This is in some ways quite progressive in the sense that custom among non-Muslims at the turn of the century would not have provided for the inclusion of women in the division of wealth of her father or husband. Yet even here, Maliki texts, if strictly observed would be far more favorable to women than other competing understandings of «custom» regarding property insofar as it touches on immoveable property-land. Often in Niger the application of Maliki inheritance law is tempered by...more
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Although property and inheritance laws provide the same legal status and rights for women as for men, family law discriminates against women, and discrimination against and exploitation of women were widespread. Local leaders settled most inheritance disputes in favor of men, according to traditional practice" (page 16).
July 20, 2019, 7:21 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Sharia law provides for detailed and complex calculations of inheritance shares. Women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled. Female heirs, for example, inherit half as much as male heirs, unless a will has been left specifying otherwise. Women may also be reluctant to bring inheritance cases to court, for fear of causing conflict within the family" (para 5).
July 20, 2019, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Islamic law provides for detailed and complex calculations of inheritance shares. Women may inherit from their father, mother, husband or children and, under certain conditions, from other family members. However, their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled" (162)
July 20, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Women have the legal right to acquire land via Islamic and state law; however, their inheritance rights are governed by Islamic Sharia law. Women may inherit from their fathers, mothers, husbands or children, and under certain conditions, from other family members, but their share is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled. The social status attached to property and land often makes it difficult for widows and daughters to inherit even their entitled shares, as they may face opposition from the deceased man’s relatives. The 2011 Anti-Women Practices Law makes it a punishable offence to deprive women of their inheritance right" (1-2)
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The government’s interpretation of Islamic law is the basis of inheritance law for all citizens except Christians. Accordingly, courts usually granted Muslim women half of the inheritance share of male heirs. In all communities male heirs must provide financial support to female relatives who inherit less. If they do not, women have the right to sue" (Pg 46).
July 19, 2019, 9:41 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Inheritance practices are to a great extent governed by Sharia law" (188)
July 19, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Jordanian inheritance laws apply in the Palestinian territories and are derived directly from the Koran. Although women have legally enforceable inheritance rights, they are entitled to half the share of their male counterparts" (16). Palestine observes Sharia/Islamic law (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
July 19, 2019, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"In matters of ‘inheritance’, the State does not recognize before or during marriage what either parties owns and brings into marriage. However, the Court would require disclosure of assets by either party in divorce proceedings. The Constitution provides equal distribution of wealth and inheritance between women/girls and men/boys. The Public Curator’s Office under the provision of the ‘Wills & Probates Administration Act’ distributes estates equally among the children (if any) or next of kin of the deceased" (38)
July 19, 2019, 9:07 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-1

"Most ethnic groups use bilateral inheritance systems whereby both male and female descents may inherit. Succession norms follow either the primogeniture system, by which land is inherited by the eldest male or female child, as among the Ifugao population, or the equal sharing system, by which all male and female heirs inherit equally, as it happens among the Pangasinense. The surviving spouse may not inherit, but holds the land in trust for the children...Muslim groups are patrilineal and follow patrilineal inheritance practices, where land is passed along the male line" (para 6-7)
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men under family, labor, property, and nationality laws, but does not grant widows equal inheritance rights. The law states that women’s participation in the development process must not conflict with their role in improving family welfare and educating the younger generation. The 1974 Marriage Law establishes the legal age of marriage as 16 for women and 19 for men. The same law also designates the man as the head of the household. As such, married women who work outside the home are taxed at a higher rate than working husbands" (Pg 27-28).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"In accordance with the Act, male beneficiaries are favoured in matters of inheritance" (12).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Statutory law prescribes that a man’s children equally share half of an estate, the widow 20 percent, other dependents 10 percent, and the deceased’s parents 20 percent" (Pg 23). "Local customary law generally discriminates against women. It subordinates women with respect to property ownership, inheritance, and marriage. Land ownership was restricted for women: when a woman’s husband dies, only their son or the paternal side of the family may inherit his property" (Pg 23).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"The formal law provides inheritance rights for a wife upon the death of her husband" (Pg 12).
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Inheritance laws do not discriminate against women, although some inheritances passed disproportionately to sons. In addition, many men hid their assets with their parents or other family members, so that if divorce occurred, they could claim no wealth and become exempt from paying child support or other restitution to the former wife" (Pg 22).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"In accordance with Islamic judicial interpretation, a Muslim widow inherits one-eighth of her husband’s estate; of the remaining seven-eighths, two-thirds goes to the sons and one-third to the daughters" (Pg 66).
June 25, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"A non-Muslim woman who does not convert to the religion of her husband is also ineligible for naturalization as a citizen and cannot inherit her husband’s property unless specified as a beneficiary in his will" (p. 21).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"The law stipulates that the partners in marriage and civil unions have equal rights to own and inherit property, but men commonly inherited family property" (p. 25).
June 20, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law allows women to inherit property from their fathers and husbands, and couples may make their own legal property arrangements" (Pg 33).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The 2011 Prevention of Anti-Women Practices Act makes it illegal to deny women inheritance of property by deceitful means. The law entitles female children to one-half the inheritance of male children. Wives inherit one-eighth of their husband’s estate. Women often received far less than their legal entitlement" (Pg 47).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law favors male heirs in adjudicating inheritance" (Pg 15).
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Traditional practices that permit family members to confiscate the property of deceased men from their widows and children continued" (Pg 15).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"The formal legal system provides inheritance rights for a wife upon the death of her husband" (p. 12).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Women cannot marry without permission of their male guardians; do not have equal rights in inheritance, divorce, or child custody; and have little legal protection" (38).
May 21, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

Female and male surviving spouses have equal inheritance rights in Montenegro (115).
May 21, 2019, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

Female and male surviving spouses have equal inheritance rights in Mongolia (115).
May 21, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

Female and male surviving spouses have equal inheritance rights in Mozambique (116).